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About The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1907)
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VolVH. No 56.
UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, LINCOLN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER H, 907.
Price 5 Cents.
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WINS ONE VICTORY
tiEBRA8KA DEFEATS IOWA BUT
1 L08E8 TO MINNE80TA.
Decision In loWa Debate Unanimous
for Nebraska Oho Judge Ds-
sents at Minneapolis.
j Nebraska won from Iowa and lost
- to Minnesota in debate last night.
tThe decision In the Iowa contest was
unanimous for Nebraska, who upheld
the affirmative. , In the Minnesota
- debate theyot of the judges stood
two to opeagainst Nebraska. Ne
braska argued the negative side at
The teams discussed the, question of
.- excluslv.e federal control of corpora
tions doing an interstate business
In the Iowa debate Jast night Ne
braska was represented by Robert I,
'Elliott,' 1909 ; Martin L. Fre'rlchs, 1908,
pana-oseph M. Tenson, l9lfG, "with
Byron E. YodefT 1908, as alternate.
. Iowa debaters were Lawrence Mayor,
1910; Irving Brant, 1908, and Carl
, Byair, 1910. In the main speeches-
,. the debaters; spoke In the foregoing
, order. The order for the rebuttal
was: Mayer, Elliott, Byair, Fre'rlchs,
" Brant and Swenson.
'Nebraska supported the affirmative
;shh df,'the question' and loWa upheld'
tne negative, wnuam j. uryanire-
!, sided, as chairman. The judges, were
vProf. I. Loebof, the. University of
Missouri, Judge J. H. Qulnn of Falr-
montMInn.and B. C, Taylor.
Through a olear and- accurate analy-
i sis" of the questionexcellent delivery,
and great versatility Nebraska won a
decisive victory bver the University
J cf Iowa on ttie debating platform last
evening. Before a crowd of over 1,00"G
l'.eople.whlch filled Memeorial hall to
the jlunlt, Iowa's1 carefully prepared
"case was completely shattered.
cording, to a statement-of the judges
after the debate, Nebraska Bhowed her
superiority In every point which was
taken into" consideration in makllg the
? Mr Swenson's closing speech will
long be remembered atlNebraska as a
' masterpiece of clear-cut, effective,- ex
temporaneous argument. JWith, deel
sive effect he showed exactljrhere
' thcfm'atter stood; just what each side
had proved ancTwhatrwas required to
win the debate. -
Mr. R. 1'. Elliott openedjhe jjase for
Nebraska, and Ufa. very pleasing man-.
ner, indicated" Just nfbRf llneornrgu"
- -ment Nebraska would advance. Ho
' declared thaj the first reaspn why Ne
braska favored exclusive federal con
trol of transportation companies doing
an interstate business was, the - fact.
tHat it was right in principle. The
second reason was the matter of ex
"'pedlency, ' He, declared that the fed-
eral'jgoyeniment should control the
, railroads through th6 Interstate, com,-
raerce commission 'with enlarged
powers. N - &
Mr. LawTeace Mayer next spoke,
-. arid contended that if the negative
- could" show "that nation 1 control Is
not good for some localities then they
would have proved that exclusive fed
eral control is notr a good thing:
Mr. Frerichs for Nebraska advanced
the argument t5pt the states cannot
porperly or reasonably secure proper
Mr. Brant, speaking for' Iowa, ad
mitted the evils of the present' sys
tem and also that national control
ay as justifiable In so far -an the rail
roads were national in their character.
He related In great detail the local
duties which would necessarily de
volve on congress.
Mr. Swenson took up the question
of over-capitalization and showed that
federal control was necessary to prop
erly restrain over-capitalization.
Mr. Byoir contended that their con
tention that Nebraska must pro)ve
federal control to be advantageous In
every case w.as' not-a-techncallty but
a fundamental objection.
IovaTef0sG3to"lleDate the broaaer
reasons which Nebraska advancedto
prove that federal control wus ad
vantageous and necessary. She based
her debate on the jyord "exclusive.'"
In--hls final speech Mr. Swenson
showed that the states are not nat
ural units and Bhould not be regarde.il
as units in matters of transportation
any more than the counties.
In the Minnesota contest the Ne
braska team was composed of William
R. tflng, 1908; Clyde C. McWhtanoy,
arid Lawrence J. Weaver, with Ralph
A. Van Orsdel as alternate. Algernon
O. Colburn, Harold C. DoSring and
Stanley H. Houck represented Minne
sota. Governor John A. Johnson of
Minnesota presided. The judges were
Judge A. J. Vinje of Superior, Wis.,
Judgq J,. J. Fruit of LaCroBse, Wis.,
nnd Prof. Scott. "m .
Minnesota, for the affirmative, ad
vocated a federal incorporation law
and based- their argument upon the
Inadequacy oftdhe present (Lin sys
tem. They argued that control over
over-capitalization and the fixing of
rates go hand Jn hand, and that the
present conflict of authority postpones
adequate legislation both state and
national. Nebraska, for the negative,
argued that exclusive federal control
is contrary to the fundamental prin
ciples of our democratic form of gov
ernment and would deprive the states
of control-over their local affairs;
that. .the'-preBenf'ovUs can and are
being solved by the states -themselves
lsi co-operation with one another and
with the federal government; add that
federal control Is unnecessary, vln
expedient and impracticable, because
.on' thecasQ as presented itha'-af?
flrmatlvo thoro was no asauranco of
practicable administration of the fed
The University chapel wns well
filled with an appreciative audlenco.
Govornor Johnsqn presided and mado
a brief address after the debate,' but
did not express any opinion on the
subject of, debate.
The Iowa Team.
The leader of the team Is Irving
Brant, 1908, of'lbwa City, son of; the
editor- of "The Dally Republican."
Young Brant is a graduate of. the Iowa
City High Bchool whore in his 'senior
year he was a prominent debater. In
his freshman year, ho became a mem
ber of tho Iryirig Institute; took part
in. oratorlcal?eontesta and represented
his society in the annual lntor-class
debatoyftnd also last "year lie was in
the Wisconsin preliminary debate,
JLawronce , Mayer, of Iova City, the-
Second man oh tho team.ls also a.
fOR COLLEGE MEN
THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE NEEP8
Dr. Harlan Criticises the American,,
8ystem and Urges the Establish-'
ment of a Training School.
sophomore-intbe College qf Liberal
Arts. -Ho Is a memfcer ofUhe Irving
Institute and of the Slgmai Nu fra
ternity. He. is a graduate of the Iowa
City High school and was on tho team
that defeated Grlnnell in 1906.-
The third member of tho team,
Carl Byoir, of Des Moines, 1b a sopho
more in tho College of Liberal Arts.
He served twice as a member of the
teams which represented tho West
High school of his city against the
East High school and the Omaha High
school. In both cases his team won.
Last year he was a member of the
class team representing the Irving
Institute and led his team to victory:
He participated "" in the freshman
oratorlpal jxmtest. He wns a mem-'
ber of the freshman basketball team,
was elected a member of the Dramatic
club, and has been recently chosen
buslhess mnnager of "The Hawkeye."
The Nebraska Debaters.
,:RobertLJBlilott, 1909,-of University
Place, Neb. He was valedictorian of
hie class at tho Winsido, rfeb., hjgh
school and represented the schawl In
debate. At tho Wayne, Neb., normal
school, which he attended 'before he
came to the University ,JieJaoJcflrflt
honors in public speflklng. He is a
member of Acacia,,
Martin L. 'Frerichs, "Law 1908f of
Auburn, Neb, He won one jf the
prizes for the highest scholarship In
the first-year class In the College of
Law. He Is chief justice of the Col
lege, of Law" Supreme Court
Joseph M. Swenson, 1908, of Omaha.
He represented the Omaha High
school oh five' winning debate, teams.
In his freshman year ho won a place
on the Nebraska team which defeated
- c (Continued "on page 3.)
FRATERNITY HALL, JAN.
ABBOTS ORCHESTRA? TOP'S. $1.25
' ' O
, 4 Vi V I "M O
That this country 1b even yot lag
gard in providing for an intelligent,
well educated consular service Is a
conclusion that hnB b'een strengthened
in tho mind of Dr. Richard D. Har
lan, former president of Lake Forest
Universjty and elcIoBt son of. Justice
Harlan of tho United States supreme
court, who has been making a' tounof
England and Franco in the interest of
-the- George Washington-rUnlvGrsityr" "
When Dr. Harlan wont abroad ho had
in mind particularly to Investigate
two schools in England and France
which havo acquired a wide reputa
tion for their jractlcal methods of
preparing young men for diplomatic
careers. .Theo arotiio great Ecole
des Sciences, Poltiques, Paris, and tho
London School ' of Economics nnd
Political Sciences, which, in many re-;
spects must serve as models for the
qrganizod school of diplomacy which
has been in process of upbuilding in
Washington Bincef1898. In speaking
of the Paris school, DrHarlansays
Tho story of. the foundation and
.growth of, the Ecole aes' Sciences
Polltiques makes one of, the brightest,
pages, In reccmt French' history. At
the close of the Franco-Prussian war
the- one thought uppermost i in - the
minds of -every intelligent' patriotic ,
Fionchman was, "What can7be-'dono
to lift our country out, of 'tho dust and
-niakera new F1r'ance?."lt"'camo, Into- -the
heart of Emlle Boutmy that the
hest-way for him tohetp his country
was to found a school wher.e Tier, sons
might acquire a better .knowledge of
the nations of the world j (Fra,nce ln-Jluded)7-of-dlplomacy,
questions and the .political sciences.
With this end'in xieatJBoutmy found
ed the Ecole des Sciences Polltiques,
in 1871, and game- generously Jof his.
means and all his -energies and thne
to its upbuilding'. The success of
this school was Instantaneous. It now
employs fifty professors and instruc
tors and has 1,000 students, So Impor
tant has been its service to Francp
that during the past ten years all the
appointees to tha French foreign ser
vice, whether diplomatic or consular,-'
with only three exceptions, have been
graduated of this school.
In accordance with the reforms in
stituted by Secretary Root, young men
in all the leading colleges are now
being urged to consider the diplomatic
service 'as offering a field for a career.
It is, however, generally recognized
that even the best equipped graduates
of universities" and technical schools
need specialized training for the par
ticular calling which they are going to
undertake. JKhis is the kind of train "
ing which they would secure as a mat
ter of course 1 Great' BritIay,ror
France, aid which Is beglnaliig'to'be
(Continued, ojapage four.) "
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