The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, February 26, 1902, Image 1
.! . ' ,'. '- ,-' 11 - , The Daily Nebraskan a V r vcl i m SCI 1 VOL. 1, NO. iffl. HOW ICE IS MADE. ProfosBor Richards Explains thoPro- C088 of Producing Artificial Gold An Economic Method. Z Owing to a change in the convoca tion program ror.this week. Professor Richards, who was to speak tomorrow, was called upon yesterday. 1 1 is talk on thcManuracture or ice, "furnish ed a most interesting explanation of how ice is made. Few of the recent manufacturing processes, said the professor, arc as Important, both in industry and so ciety, as that of making cold from heat. Ice or its equivalent is neces sary in the transportation of perish able goods and in preserving meats and fruits. Hecause of t heir advan tages, mechanical processes of produc ing ice have superseded the old way ol obtaining It. The cost of manufacturing ice is no greater than that of sawing it out of lakes and streams and storing It away. In many places, he said, ice can bo made at a cost of "fifty cents per ton and at seventy-live cents it can be produced in any locality. Professor Richards said that there are live distinct machines or sets of ma chines employed in tho manufacture of ico; namely, battery boiler, steam engine, refiigerator, expansion coll and condensor. Tho, process is as fellows: Ammonia Is drawn into the compressor and is greatly condensed, thence it Is put through the con densor and coverted Into a liquid. From tho condensor the liquid is run tli rough valves and allowed to volati lize, by reducing tho high pressure. Tins evaporation consumes neat which is drawn from a vat or brine through which tho expansion colls are run. Tho briue server, simply as a conductor of heat. Since it will not solidify, It can bo reduced to a very low temperature, imbibing heat Troin tho cans ot distilled water that aro placed In the vat of brine. These cans are replenished'by condensing tho steam from tho boilers. Conse quently, Ico made from tills water is practically pure. Tho process requires about twentyrour hours. If less time Is taken, tho blocks of ico will bo porous in tho center, which is due to the fact that tho freezing goes on from tho outside towards the center. The professor explained that, al though ice iH cheap, It 'costs about fifty per cent more than an equiva lent amount of cold. That Is to say, much energy is lost in tho freezing. This is taken advantage of in larce cold storaco buildings by circulating tho bnno Itself through the different rooms and alluwing the gas to ex pand, thus completing the work by a simpler process. Tho speaker said that any substanoo that would volatilize could be used for making ice, such as carbon dloxido and oven heat and compress ed air. LINCOLN, XKB., WKDXKSDAY, FEBRUARY 2(5, 1902. THREW CENT Tho lirst attempt at distributing cold from central plants, he said, was made in 18!K) by a Denver man. The brinowas circulated under the streets and the expansion of the gas allowed to take placo ooneath the customer's place of business, the ammonia neing drawn back to the plant and con donsed. Several processes of making ice. employed in various countries, where mentioned. Huttnc.se had their disadvantages, especially the one that is said to have been used in Egypt, centuries ago, in which ice was produced by rapidly fanning a basin of water. GIRLS' TOURNAMENT. Y. M. C A. ECHOES OF THE STATE CONVENTION. Tluse students who had the privi lege fir attending the Y. M. C. A. gathering at York last week, are able to testify to the value of this con vention, both as to the inlluence of the persons attending and as a means of uniting tho forces In the stato, and giving definite plans and pur poses. Threo international secre taries were present, C. K. Ober who had charge or the city association's work, gave some valuable addresses on tho organization of the work, and especially in cities of less than ."000 population. It Is qulto possible, lie said, to conduct a successful work In places or that size. C-.S. Phelps, had special chargo or tho student department. There Is no part or associ ation work that lias as large a Held as tho student department, necessarily, distinct rrom the city field, and easily organized, oecause Involving little expense Geo. I). McDlll was pre sent for tho railroad department. Au interesting feature illustrating this was in tho presentation of a "Railroad Train" wtiero several spoko on ditToront linos of ttie rail road dopartmont. Probably the most prominent man in tho convention as B. R. Tylor of Denvor. Mr. Tyler is past sixty years old but is young as any college student. Ills reading from the filble, and discussions on bible topics aro a souroo of inspira tion to all. Ho spoke at the men's meotlng Sunday aftornoon, which is considered the great meeting of tho convention. Tho address by Chancellor Androws on Saturday night was full of practi cal wisdom and gave the young men a gllmpso into tho futuro, as to their )ossi Dill ties and ho gave the association a largo placo in helping to salvo tho political, social and re ligious problems of tho time. The peoplo of York showed themselves most entertaining and hospitable and the 200 delegates united In pralso or YorK and tier people. Tho results show themselves In the determination on tho part of the del egates to Improvo every opportunity in their association work, making bible study and personal effort the fnundution for this work. Tickots Aro Going With a Rush Tho Wahoo Toam Strong This Year -Makes a Bettor Record Than Missouri. Tickets aro going with a rusi for the basket ball tournament, especial ly those which aro reserved. If not another ono should bo sold, the arm ory would be well filled for tho mat ches, although tickets have been on sale a.s yet only a few days. Tho Wahoo high school team, so popular with tho spectators or last year, will reappear almost Intact, except for tho loss of Miss Jansa. now one of the stars of the 'varsity and or the freshman team. Tho captain is Miss Will ii Adams, who mado tho record of the tournament for rroe throws. Her colleaguo at center is Kato SI. Martin. Tho guards aro Teresa St. Martin and Alice CraTo; the rorwards Edith Dixon and Fern Ort. The players rrom Wahoo aro small but enthusiastic, and will faco their opponents, high school girls from Omaha, Friday night, determined to do their best. So far the Wahoo toam has the honor of having scored more points against the hitherto Invincible 'varsity team than any other team yet played. It rolled up ten. mostly made by Miss Jansa and Miss Adams, '.In last year's tournament thus making a bettor record than that made by the Missouri team last fall. A COLLEGE OK MINES. Tho aubject of a school of mines in tho University of Nebraska ie'beginning to denuind some attention am ng the instructors. In a recent interviow with Profewsor Harbour tho question wqb spoken of nt some length. Agriculture, ho said, was considered by many, in fact by tho majority, as tho truo basis of wealth, in America. But they forgot to consider tho mining wealth, in which it must be admitted (hero is even great er stability thun in agriculture. Wherever there are mines orquarrios men are almost constantly in employ ment since the demand for competent worUmon is constantly incroaBing. On tho other hand in agriculture men aro not infrequently thrown out of work for long periods at a time. Mines, es pecially those yielding the precious metals, uro scarcely if ever subject to these conditions and as a natural couso quenco during the recent yoars of drouth and stringency there was for example a very considerable exodus from the farming and grazing lands of Nebraska to tho quarries and mines of tho surrounding ' states. This has therefore become a practical and serious quobtion. Tho greater stability of tho mining industry over agriculture is turning attention moro towards that. Tho resources of the United Statos In this lino are so boundless tnat there can bo no estimate of their Im portance un til "decades" have ruther dovolopcmont possible. Tho output of our mines and quarries at tho annually. Up to tho prosent tlmo a great deal of national and state legislation has been enacted for tho benefit of agriculture. This has been carried on to such an extent that agricultur al colleges havo been established all ovor tho union for tho diffusion of knowlodgo of this laud. Tho same thing ought to bo done In rocard to tho establishment or schools or min ing. Wo are holding tho unlquo position among tho natlous of tho world of not only supplying our own wantB but also tlioso or other countries. This requires tho dovolopomont or our resources which in tlmo calls ror compotent men. This demand ror such men will make It Incumbont on the faculties In colleges bordering on mining regions to provdo sult aole education for vounj men Inter ested in followlnu any of the many mining pursuits. These requirements havo been met in part by growing young schools of minos In South Da kota, Colorado and Wyoming, but as yet the Held is such an open ono that the demand has not been suppliod. The poor student Is put at a great disadvantage ir ho must go back to tho school or mines at Columbia collego, New York city In order to get thB education, It bolng so far removed from the great center of the mining Industry it would bo proper to establish schools nearer tho real re gions whore operations are carried on. Mining was herotoforo been con ducted on a very wasteful basis. Tho tondency now is to abandon this for tho Improved methods biought about by too training of men in collegos established for that, purpose. With these conditions existing there Is ovory opportunity for tho establish ment of successful schoo's of mines In tlls section of the country. Corrcspondece Is now going on be tween the athletic boad and Colorado College In regard to the scheduling of a game with that institution for next October. Tho indications aro generally in favor of tho two colleges coming together. Tho gamo would bo played at HDulner, Colorado, tho location of the school. THE WEATHER. For Lincoln and vicinity foi today partly cloudy with moderate temper ature. Weather report for 24 honrs. ending 7 pm. Highest temperature 51 degrees, occurring at 3:1.") pm. Lowest temperature, 32 degrees, occurring at 3 am. Mean temperature, 42 degree, which Is 14 degrees above the normal. GEO. A. LOVELAND, Seotlon Director. A basketball game Is expected in the near future between the Unions made land Dolians. i i ii m M.I I SI ,'A il ' HV j I . M ' 'i v. ,.3,1 i Li yg' a r-o W.i Fjfci,. IL k r- f w1 f .