The daily Nebraskan. ([Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-current, December 12, 1901, Image 1
"T laJbV T- v , r !-n ,,1, r, . i - jk Ke-araM 'i -- - ', IT i ' J The Daily Nebraskan . ir. it" i- v r s f I " VOL. I, ISO 01 CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. Professor 0. A. Bobbins Endorses President Roosevelt's Posi tion in an Address at Convocation. Professor Bobbins cave a very in teresting talk yesterday at convoca tion on Civil Service Reform. This was tho third in the course of ad dresses that aro being delivered on phases of the president's message. Ho defined civil service reform as the substitution of the ucrit system for tho spoils system In civil service appointments, and summarized the principles of the reform thus: "No one shall hold an appointive office in virtue of any consideration other than merit and ability." The only argument in favor of the spoils sys tem that has any weight at all with tbo people, he said, is that the merit system is said to be European. Ho tnen proceeded to show that In the early history of the American re public thcro was no such thing as the spells System. Washington, during his eight years as chief executive re rabved but nine men from offlco and one of these was a defaulter. Adams removed ten men, it being clearly his " uurposo to remove as few as possible. Jefferson said that if tho servants or the government conducted themselves rlgnt, they would never have any thing to fear from him. Ho removod thirty-nine men from ofllce and de clared that not one was removed bo cause he wan a federalist. Madison removed Ave men. threo of whom were defaulters. Monroe removed nine men and John Ujiincy Adams two. Professor Robbing said that so far from tho merit system being un American, it has been tho policy of all tho early presidents and the Bpoils systom was not inaugurated until the presidency of And row Jackson. Pres ident Roosevelt declares that the merit system Is as Amorican and democratic as the American school systom itself. Tho soaker then pointed out some of the evils of the spoils system. Ho showed that Improper men are ap pointed to ofllce simply becauso they represent tho party. There must be an iuoreaso in-tun numbor-of. oflk'-as, as tho ofllce holders II nd themselves secure in thoir positions and some times do very little work. It has been said that in one of the 'depart ments at Washington seventeen men havo been found attempting to do -tohcrATork-of-one-maD: F-roru-lSSa-Sr- tho'last ton years of tho relgn of -tho spolls-syiteuartiie jiumbor of. clerks in the executlvo officers in creased sixty-six per cent, an In crease wholly disproportionate to the increase in tho umount of work for them to do. From 1883-'97 tho num ber of men In tho classified semen remained stationary, whiio for the unclassified scrvleo the number in creased fprty per cent. Tho increased expenditures wmch results from the spoils system, is shown by the fact that in the last twontv-livo years the wages in the cl ass i lied serrlco havo remained stationary and In the un classified servioe have increased twenty-seven per cent. The spoils system lie declared, pro tects defaulters, as tnen party is re sponsible for their acts and must LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1901. THREE CENTS shield them In order to escape blame, itself. President Roosevelt's attitude to civfl service reform was there dis cussed by Professor Robblns. He was present at tho national republi can convention In Chicago in '84 when Mr. Roosevelt counseled the convention In favor of civil sorvlce reform. The docrnno which Mr. Roosevelt expressed then was put in practice by him as police commis sioner of New York. As governor or New York ho put In the statutes the best civil service law tho state has overbad. Ho absolutely ct ntrollcd the republican machine organized by Platt. Professor Robblns closed his ad dress by saying that ho believed the most fundamental question now be fore tho American ueoplo is the re form of tho governmout itself. During tho course of his talk Pro fessor Robblns several times paid high tribute to President Roosevelt show ing tho high regard In which he holds tho latter as a man. ENGLISH 13 DEBATE TODAY. Tho dobato in tho advanced course in oral discussion English 13 this afternoon, will be on tho question: "Resolved, That in times of depres sion municipalities should furnish labor to the unemployed." The speakers for tho affirmative will be F. J. Kelly and Ernest. Allen; for the negative, W. F. Meier and John I. Mllok. Professor A. Ross Hill will co-op-rcate in the criticism with the officer in charge. ENGINEERS MEET. The regular meeting of tho Engine ering Socloty last night was turnod over to the slldo-rulu enthusiasts. Dan Gutloben presided and with tho aid of tho ton foot slldo-rulo built In tho shops a fow days ago all the com mon uscb of tho "stick" were dem onstrated. A 4.8 norso-power audi ence was present welching 3.85 tons or 1800 pounds per horsepower. In comparison with this it was found that the engine in tho wood shop weighs 190 pounds per Uirsc power After a number of problems, includ ing triconometric functions and the co-ordinats of an adlabatio expansion curve, were solved the Society at tended to its fortnightly quota of business. The book committee reported a continuance or success. On tho re commendation of tho membership committee Messrs E. H. Gibson; C; D. Peebler, J. b. Darks and K. it. Luanger worc-elected to membership In tho Soolcy. C. W. Engel, ohaIrroTffbTtne "smoker" committee recommended that tho society have a smoker next Saturday evening and in behalf of tho Phi Kappa Psl fraternity bo in vited tho society to their house. The report was approved and the in vitation was accepted with a vote of thanks. The society will therefore indulge In Its first smoker next Sat urday evening. Prufessor Candy's class in mathe matics 2b will decide by vote whether thoy will take 3o or 33d. 3d is the cause in analytics, especially designed for thoso taking the eglnc ering course. DEBATING BOARD MEETS. Registration to Close After Ques tions aro Selected Corres pondence With Com petitors Begins. Tho Debating Hoard hold a meet ing Tuesday afternoon. Tho only subject discussed was that of ques tions for tho Interstate debates. The board Is hard at work on this mattor In connection with tho other Institutions. The board will an nounce what the questions arc just as Boon as they aro determined which will bo before tne Christmas recess. The board voted that registration for the preliminary contest bo closed about a week after the board an nounces tho quostims for the inter state debates, which questions will be argued in the preliminary contest. The exact date of closing tho regis tration will no announced by tho board as soon as the Interstate ques tions aro fixed. Thoso possible can didates, whose registration doponds upon what tho questions are, will he given ample time to cet In. Not closing tho registration until after tho intcrstato questions are determined, will also, it Is hoped, enable tho Univorslty to onlifct a fow more students strongly equipped In the fields In which tho questions lie. For the InToimation of studentB who aro, or may become, candidates for positions on tho threo teams that will represent the University of Ne braska next spring In the arena ot intelloctual combat with Colorado Cohego, tho University of Kansas and tho University of Missouri, tho debating Board has put npoo the official bulletin board a lengthy state ment in further explanation of the trto regulations tho board passed two weeks ago relative to tho methods of selecting and training tho Intcrstato aelvitinor teams this year methods which were set forth at that tlmo In "The Dally Nebraskan." This" bullotin states again exactly what those two regulations are and explains how they will oo mado oper ative. The bulletin explains espec ially In detail tho methods and tho one general object and tho throo spool He objects of tho new system for training tne teams that was sane- tloneo by the Unl yerlsty senate. The new course whlchlll bo given next semester will enable systmatic Instruction to bo given thoso who aro to corn do te in tho intorstato contests and will permit contestants to get jCICoal iQr.j,Ufl worKthov, do. ma training that will bo given will bo exceedingly Helpful aside from tho Immediate oblect victory inter-coHegiate-bafetfer in the Any student desiring more detailed information concerning the mothods either of selecting or training tho debaters this year is urged to seo tho officer in charge of the courses in de Dating or some member or the debat ing board. PROFESSOR 'BARBOUR TO SPEAK TOMORROW ON IRRIGATION. At convocation tomorrow Professor E. H. Barbour will speak on irriga tion as treated In tho president's message. This morning Albert Wat kins will address the convocation on Anarchism. On next Monday tho address of Professor Taylor on Reciprocity will bo onoludcd as thc'tlmo Tuesday was not sufficient to permit of his com pleting tho subject. He did not in his remarks then, reach tho point of expressing his u,wn opinions on tho subject, but confined himself to a re view of the points presented In tho message Itsolf. REGENTS LACK A QUORUM. Owing to tho absence of three of the board of regents there has been no quorm prosont at any of tho ses sions. Thoso in attendance aro Re gents Forroll, Teeters and Rich. In stead of transacting tbo work of tho board only committee work bus boon done. An adjornmont was taken lato last night. PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM. Tho PhyBlcs colloquium met at the homo of Professor Brace Tuesday night. Mr. Cartmel reviewed a paper by Mr. Nutting on tho rcllectlng power of various substances for ultra violet light and afterwards spoko on tho anomalous dispersion and absorption of fustian. Mr, Bates' paper on the Anomalous Rotation of Light In tho Magnetic Field which was read last August before tho Amorican Association for the Advancement of Sclenco was reviewed at consldeiablo length Im a recent number of Science. THE WEATHER. Forecast for Lincoln and vicinity: Thursday partly cloudy probably with snow; sllghtchango In temperature. Weather rcnort for 21 hrs. ending 1 pro Tuesday. Highest temperature 24 degrees, occurring at 7:U() pm. Lowest temperature, 15 degrees, occurlng at I): 15 am. Moan temperature, 20 degrees, which Is 13 degrees below the normal. Precipitation for tho past twenty four hours, trace of snow. GEO. A LOV ELAND, Section Director. SOPHOMORES. All sophomores who wish to play Joasicet ball w411-imtujto-4ho--o4-cnanel Friday morning at ten o'clock. By order of tho picsident. Fred Stratton gave a talk to tne surveying class yesterday on resurvey I ng of government land and laying jt ut into townships, M. Stratton- has seon several seasons of sorvlce with a government surveying party In tho snow-capped hills of Wyom ing: ; Jay A. Barrett, of tbo historical library, will spak Friday to tho Unity Olub of Omaha on tho subject of "Historical Societies as a Part of tho Work of States.' Ho will touch on the feature of the duty of states to preserve their records and any thing having to do with the state's" history. A walnut caso haB come from Buff alo to the Historical Society which, was constructed there to hold tbo medals of tbo Nebraska Horticultur al Society which were exhibited at tho exposition. ' . 's a i ;.j jSW ' t '.