The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902, October 24, 1901, Page 2, Image 2
"Che Conservative * The proposed sub- SUBSIDIES. sidy of ten millions of dollars a year to the men who will establish and own a line of American steamships which shall carry commodities and passen gers across the Atlantic ocean suggests several questions. Do not the navigation laws of the United States prevent the sailing of a foreign-built ship under the Stars and Stripes ? Does not the existing Dingley tariff put a duty of from forty per cent , to one hundred and twenty per cent , upon many or all of the woods , iron , steel , cordage , etc. , which enter into the con struction of a ship ? Do not the diabolism of the exclusive navigation law and the protective tariff make it impossible to have by purchase , or to construct , for competition on the high seas , an American Merchant Marine ; and if both those restrictive laws were mitigated by amendment or entirely repealed would there be any need for or pretense even for the need of a ship subsidy ? At an early day here in Nebraska , in 1855 , the first crop of corn was planted in the newly broken Crows. prairie. It came up beautifully un der the forcing of sunshine , rain and this rnarvelously fertile soil. It was the first tune in their black and glossy lives that the trans-Missouri crows had ever had civilized man set a table for them to eat from. The caw ! caw ! caw ! of ravenous rejoicing resounded all over the few acres of corn as it came , dark , green , and lusciously attractive.to the crow palate , from this new and untried land. The black gourmands began de vouring the young plants with an ap petite for sprouting corn only equaled by the Kentucky taste for the juice of old corn. The few planters in the county of Otoe , Nebraska agreed that the only way to get rid of the crows aforesaid and save the corn'crop was to "subsidize" all the boys in the settlement to shoot crows. Thus a bounty of five cents was offered in the vicinity of Nebraska City for each scalp of a crow delivered at the log court house on or before November 1 , 1855. By that date the shooting youth of this frontier settlement had deposited one hundred and ninety-three scalps as aforesaid provided and been paid therefor five cents apiece. The corn crop was saved. The people re joiced , for each man who paid had pos session of the corn protected. The next summer the same boys proposed a re newal of the "subsidy" on the same terms. Their proposition was gladly accepted. But by September 25th the crow scalps wore piling up so high that it seemed the whole circulation of the settlement would be absorbed in paying five cents'a head for them. An investi- gatiug committee was appointed and it made solemn inquest as to how or why the crow family had increased so rap idly and matured so early in the season. And the committee found and reported that the aforesaid boys had robbed the nds'ts of the aforesaid crows and hatdhed out the eggs under the domestic hen. Thus that subsidy made little rascals , like some promoters , out of guileless youth , wasted the hens' time , and swindled the general public. Ever since that time The Conservative has suspected subsidies in general , whether concealed under the euphemistic phrase of "a tariff for protection , " "a tax on oleomargarine , " or "a subsidy to es tablish an American Merchant Marine. " Most subsidies make rascals of some body , deceive everybody and really benefit nobody. The butter niak- THE POWER ers , butter renovat- TO TAX. ors and butter spec- ill at or s found wholesome , edible oleomargarine a vigorous competitor in the markets of the United States. They scratched their scalps for a way to down compe tition in the smearing-of-bread business. They invented legislation under false pretenses. At a time in Grover Cleve land's first administration when the national treasury contained a surplus of more than two hundred millions of dollars , and when the inflow of revenue was like a torrent , the butter patriots secured the first anti-oleomargarine legislation upon the pretext of getting revenue and so put the first tax upon the only butter substitute in the market. It was obtaining enactment under a false pretence and as much a crime morally as getting goods or money in that way. The precedent pleaded was the ten per cent tax on the issue of bills to circulate as currency by State Banks. That burden on state banks of issue destroyed all of them and left the cur rency field a perfect monopoly as to paper currency other than that issued by the general government in the hands of the National Banks. Thus the statement of Chief Justice John Marshall that "the power to tax is the power to destroy" was demonstrated. The national bankers having annihil ated their adversaries and competitors by legislation , the Butterers. philanthropic but- terers seek similar salvation , in the destruction of their rivals , also ; by congressional enactment. The precedent in the bank case was bad and the butter case worse. Where shall this misuse , this wicked abuse of the power to tax , end ? Who is safe in his busi- Where ? ness ? When shall rivals secure tax- imposing legislation with which to crush and ruin him ? How long before wool-growers shall seek enactments to cripple by taxation , cotton growers ? How long before Congress is to be called upon to tax all cotton fabrics passing for and as substitutes for woolen goods ? How long before the castor beau and plive oil industries shall secure a tax on cotton seed oil ? The power to' tax can be used legitimately only for a public purpose ! Jouathard R. SIMILAR. Bryan , aged 54 , a banker of Dixon , Teuu. , and a cousin of William Jennings - - ' nings Bryan , was married a lew days ago to the widow of his son , Mrs. Eva C. Bryan , good looking and aged 28. The wedding took place at Cairo , this state. Chicago Chronicle , Oct. 19th , 1901. 1901.Racial Racial tendencies are very marked. Mr. Bryan of Nebraska is married to "Free-Silver-at-lG-to-l" the widow of his presidential boom. Kentu o k y has HENRY tried the scrub WATTERSON. stock from the mountain ranges of that commonwealth long enough. Therefore there is anxiety that a thor oughbred be entered for the guberna torial races in that , state. Thus far Henry Watterson is the favorite. The Conservative knew both sire and dam of this charger and is therefore confi dent that as "a standard bred" he will honor his father and mother , when he is governor , as he does now by his great abilitycouragefortitude and the steadi ness of a strong stepat a lightning pace , in the direction of the right goal every day of his editorial life. The common- BLATTERS AND wealth contains BUILDERS. two distinct va rieties of public men. They are builders and blatters. The former found farms and factories , establish industries and help to man age the material and mental develop ment of their respective localities. The latter , the blatters , find fault with the methods and labors of those who construct things , and advocate the general tearing down of whatever exists , socially or politically , without providing anything good in ils stead. The discpnteuted those who from inisfortuneor from their own indolence , improvidence or incapacity have failed in life are always the disciples of the gospel of blat and the apostles of blat ters. In Nebraska the days of the builders are brightening and those of the blatters are clouding. People are getting tired of listening to incandes cent denunciations of capital and cap italists in buildings , or in the shadow of buildings , which would never have been built except by the kind of citizens whom the blatters reprobate. Builders , not blatters , are public benefactors.