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About The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1901)
was complete , and , in addition to this ,
there was no 'scab' and very little bitter
rot. I had comparatively no trouble
from the codling moth. My not injury
to the orchard was the scalding of the
leaves on a few trees , which , however ,
retained their fruit , and enough leaves
to remain vigorous.
"The difference in quantity and qual
ity of fruit from sprayed and unsprayed
trees is almost past belief. One section
of a tree of the willow twig variety in
my orchard last season was not sprayed
and produced about one-half as many
apples as the sprayed section of the
same tree. The apples from the uu-
sprayed part of the tree were badly
scabbed and knotty from worm bites ,
and wholly unsalable a failure , in fact.
The sprayed section produced beautiful
red apples , eighty-five per cent of which
brought the highest market prices.
How to Spray Properly.
"The application of the spray is a
very important point , and right here is
where a large per cent of farmers fail.
First , I will surprise a great many farm
ers by saying that much of the so-called
Paris green contains no arsenic , and is ,
therefore , of no account. My remedy
is to buy only of a druggist , who will
provide me with a guarantee. Don't
trust this important work of spraying
to ignorant , careless persons , or you will
not only fail of your object , but valua
ble trees may be destroyed. Many a
far mer has cursed the spray he put on
his trees when he should have cursed
his hired man.
"In mixing your Paris green and lime ,
it is best to put the Paris green and lime
in a pail of water and stir thoroughly.
I prefer letting it stand an hour. Then
put it in your tank or barrel. Paris
green being a .heavy mineral , and not
very soluble , it soon sinks to the bottom
and therefore it must be stirred constant
ly. Don't use a pump with a return
pipe for stirring , but use one with a re
volving paddle , or stir by hand. At any
rate , do not let the arsenic accumulate
hi your tank or barrel , for as sure as it
becomes too strong your trees will suf
"The application of the spray must be
in a fine mist and should reach every
bud on the tree. Wet the tree down
thoroughly. I believe I killed millions
of insects , infecting the bark on the
trunk on my trees , by spraying the
trunks. Nearly all the insects that in
fest trees are parasites deriving then :
living from the sap life , fruit or leaves
of the tree. All the insects that bite the
leaves or fruit can be killed by the use
of Paris green. Last season's experi
ment seems to demonstrate that Paris
green also destroys the scab , although
the authorities generally give little
credit to arsenic as a destroyer of fungi.
When He Sprayed The Trees.
"Our spraying was done in May , from
NATIONAL BANK ,
Surplus and Profits $750,000
FOREIGN EXCHANGE BUSINESS
Bank , Personal and Business Accounts
Wo furnish Travelers and Commercial Credits
Available in all parts of the world.
JOHN C. BLACK , President.
ISAAC N. PERRY , Vice President.
GEO. M. REYNOLDS , Cashier. s
IRA P. BOWEN , Asst. Cashier.
BENJ. S. MAYER , Asst. Cashier.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
JOHN 0. BLACK , WILLIAM O. SEIPP , s
ALBEIIT J. EARLINO , J. OQDEN Aniioun ,
HENRY BOTSFOIID , WILLIAM Q. HIDBARD ,
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the time the apple was as big as a hazel
nut to the time it was three-fourths of
an inch in diameter , and seemingly the
last spraying gave the best results. On
this last occasion the spraying solution
had been in the barrel two days. It
may bo that it improves after standing
a few days. I intend to make some ex
periments along that line next season.
In spraying any kind of fruit trees ex
cept apple trees , always reduce the
amount of Paris green one-half.
"Farmers' bulletin No. 38 , United
States Department of Agriculture gives
the formula for all lands of sprays.
Farmers can secure a copy free by ad
dressing the Secretary of Agriculture ,
Washington , D. O. "
TREES PLANTED BY BLUE-JAYS.
An old-time Arizona wood chopper
says the blue-jays have planted thous
ands of the trees now growing all over
Arizona. He says these birds have a
habit of burying small seed in the
ground with their beaks , and that they
frequent pinon trees and bury large
numbers of the small pine nuts in the
ground , many of which sprout and grow.
He was walking through the pines with
an Eastern gentleman , a short time ago ,
when one of these birds flew from a tree
to the ground , stuck his bill in the earth
and quickly flew away. When told
what had happened the Eastern man
was skeptical , but the two went to the
spot and with a knife blade dug out a
sound pine nut from a depth of about an
inch and a half. Thus it will be seen
that nature lias plans of her own for
forest perpetuation. Indianapolis News.
Commercial National Bank
CHICAGO , ILLINOIS.
CAPITAL , $1,000,000
SURPLUS , 1,000,000
JAMES H. ECKELS , D. VERNON ,
President. 3d Vice-President.
JOHN O. MoKEON , JOSEPH T. TALBERT ,
N. E. LOSOH ,
FRANKLIN MOVEAGH , JESSE SPALDINQ ,
WM. J. CHALMERS , N. K. FAIRBANK ,
ROBERT T. LINCOLN , JAMES H. ECKELS ,
JOHN O. MoKEON.
Letters of Credit issued. Foreign drafts and specie
bought and sold. Postal remittances and cable
transfers made to all parts of the world.
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