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About The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1901)
8 'Che Conservative *
CONDENSED REPORT OF THE
National Bank ,
OF NEBRASKA CITY , NEB. ,
At the Oloso of Business , Feb. 6 , 1901.
Bankin K House and Fixtures 7,400.00
U. S. Bonds 22,500.00
CASH AND DUE FROM US ,
Capital $ 50.000 00
Surplus and profits & § & !
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS.
H. N. SHEWELL , Vice-Presidont.
W. A. COTTON , President.
R. O. MAnNEi.ii , Cashier.
JAB. T. SHEWELL. Asst. Cashier.
JOY MOIITON. J. T. SIIEWELL.
No interest paid on state , county or
municipal funds. Interest at the rate of
2 % per annum paid on time deposits.
SAN FRANCISCO , CALIFORNIA.
President , JOHN J. VALENTINE , San Francisco
ManaRor , HOMEII S. KING , San Francisco
Cashier , H. WADSWORTH , San Francisco
Asst. Cashier , F. L. LIPMAN , San Francisco
2d Asst Cashier , H. L. MILLER , San Francisco
NEW YORK , H. B. PARSONS , Cashier
SALT LAKE , J. E. DOOLV , Cashier
PORTLAND , OR. , R. M. DOOLY , Cashier
STATEMENT OF CONDITION
AT CLOSE OF BUSINESS JULY 31 , 1 goo.
Bonds , Stocks and Warrants 1,201,200.47
Real Estate 1,281,914.57
Miscellaneous Assets 9,205.58
Due from Banks and Bankers 1,111,501.91
Capital , paid up $ 500,000 00
Undivided Profits 1,920,895.63
Deposits , Banks and Bankers ,1,084,015.95
General Banking Business in all its branches.
Correspondents throughout the World. Ac
counts received on favorable terras.
not bo determined but all authorities
coincide in placing it very remote , so
long ago that the Pawnees have but a
very confused tradition and no details
of the event.
The name Wichita , which has stuck
to this tribe during historic times , was
probably a name given them by the
Pawnees or some other neighboring
tribe ; and so the name Pawnee may be
one bestowed by their neighbors , as the
name Sioux which has stuck to the
Dakota tribe through all.
Now , with regard to the name
"Haraliey" ( with its many ortho
graphies ) , let me quote here from Mr.
Hodge's admirable article in Mr.
Brewer's "Harahey" : "The Wichita
name for the Pawnees is 'Awahi , ' in
which we have a close resemblance to
Arahei and Harahey. Indeed the simi
larity is so great that I am inclined to
regard the terms as identical , and to
recognize the name of the province ,
Arahei , Arache , Harahey , etc. , as cor
rupted Spanish forms of the Wichita
Indian name for the Pawnees , who are
still well-known in the Pueblo tribes ,
among whose ancestors the Turk and
Ysopete , natives of 'Arahei' had lived. "
This from such eminent authority would
seem conclusive , and the many points
which bear out the logic of this theory
give it even more weight : You remem
ber the last words of the Turk , uttered
as they strangled him for his deceit ,
were these : "Yet farther on is Qui-
vora. " I think Ysopete was doubtless a
native of the Wichita branch , as he
talked with them , but their language
may have veiy nearly resembled the
Pawnee in those days ; it may be that
the Pawnee really drifted from the
Wichita tongue and changed more than
the Wichita's changes , as the branch of
the Pawnees which drifted away from
the settlement on the Platte river at a
very remote period , spoke the same lan
guage as the Wichitas and the latter
tribe , who did not know these Arikaras
until recently , were very much surprised
to find they both spoke the same tongue ,
Now , if wo accept this theory that
the tribes of Haraliey were really the
Pawnees , it makes this name of far more
interest to Nebraska people than the
name Quivera ; but if we take into con
sideration that the Wichitas and Paw
nees were originally from the same stock ,
that the Pawnees migrated to the Platte
valley from "down" ( meaning down
stream , ) that the Wiohitas accompanied
them as far as the Kansas line and then
went south , where they settled on the
Kansas river and built what they called
Quivora , would it bo a stretch of im
agination to believe that the other
branch of the same tribe went north to
the banks of the Platte river and there
built a Quivera also ? And that the
branching tribe ( the Wichitas ) should
call their former friend by a new name ,
suggested by the way they dressed their
If this theory wore based upon no
other evidence than that contained in
Ooronado's explorations , we could
scarcely doubt it and call it visionary ;
the natives , according to Jaramillo , said ,
when asked if that were all , that this
was the end of Quivera but that Hara
hey was beyond and was the same sort
of place. The name Quivera had pene
trated these trackless plains for a thous
and miles in all direction ; could these ,
"not above twenty-five villages in all"
of "very barbarous people" have had a
fame so far-reaching ? Penalosa saw a
city , in 1662 , worthy of a far-reaching
fame and the remnant of relics left on
its sight after these many years proves
that his statement is true.
Let us sum up : Haraliey was the
Wichita name for the Pawnees ; these
Pawnees were the main branch of the
tribe to which the Wiohitas formerly
belonged ; Penalosa saw the city which
the Pawnees called "Quivera" in 1662 ,
a magnificent city situated where Ool-
umbus now stands.
And so we see that the field , explored
by Mr. Brewer , in Kansas , has a direct
bearing on the field of archaeology in
Nebraska. He has traced the boundary
between Quivera and Harahey for 150
miles and has been able to designate the
Quivora villages by an absence of pot
shards proving these people to be none
too high in the scale of civilization ; also
by the many warlike implements and
flints of rude workmanship.
The Harahey villages yielded abun
dance of pot shards and many agricul
tural implements , showing them to be
in a somewhat more advanced stage of
One is led to believe the people of
Haraliey wore very barbarous at first
reading , from the Corouado account ,
but on more careful study , the reverse is
evident. When he sent a summons to
the Lord of Harahey , this high tribunal
responded with 200 "naked followers. "
Doubtless they came ready to repel an
invading foe. The messengers could done
no less than describe the sort of army
which requested his presence the
shining helmets , the long spears , -the
coats of mail and , above all , the horse ,
which were strange animals to these
people , must have given the Lord of
Harahey to understand that--'he was
summoned by no ordinary mortal. That
he came forthwith is itself an evidence
of his own greatness , and that he came
prepared for battle shows his intelli
gence. There must have existed more
organization and discipline in Harahoy
than in Quivera , as Coronado makes no
mention of an organized reception or of
organized entertainment and only says ,
"the natives received me peaceably , " im
plying a lack of demonstration on the
part of the natives in any way.
One can scarcely suspect that the
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