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About The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902 | View Entire Issue (May 11, 1899)
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the Conservative *
THE PUESENT WAK.
Mr. Valentine Upon Practical Expansion.
[ Thowhito race and the extermination doc
trine. Arc there tun millions of Europeans
living in Oriental lands ? ]
Em-roil CONSERVATIVE : In the San
Francisco Evening Bulletin of the 19th
appeared an excellent contribution from
Mr. John Aubrey Jones , propounding
some very pointed questions to a cleri
cal expansionist of Oakland.
i For the information and edification of
your readers I beg your indulgence for
quoting the concluding portion of Mr.
Jones' article , which , to my mind , is
extremely pertinent :
"Dr. Coylo makes light of 'tradition
alism' as a safeguard to the perpetuity
of the republic. In reply , I would re
mind him of what James Russell Low
ell said when asked by a distinguished
foreigner : 'How long will the republic
of the United States of America endure ? '
'So long as its people adhere to the tra
ditions of its founders , ' replied the emi
nent scholar , litterateur , statesman and
diplomat. Speaking of traditionalism ,
I would warn Dr. Coyle that in advo
cating departure therefrom and ignor
ing thereof , he is treading upon very
slippery footing. What is apostolic
teaching as handed down to us but tra
ditionalism ? What would become of
Christianity ; nay more , civilization , if
the world should forsake the traditional
ism of the New Testament ? Let Dr.
Coyle answer if ho will. "
At this point I will call the attention
of the expansionist clergy to the mater
ialism of expansion. First , General
Shafter's view :
"I have said before that it may be
necessary to kill half the population of
the islands in order that the remaining
half may be lifted from their semi-bar
barity to the civilization wo are ready
to give them. "
To which I will add the following
from the Topeka Gazette : "The An
glo-Saxon has entered a world war of
extermination of savage races , just as
the lion several million years ago eu-
* tered a world war to kill oif the un
gainly beasts whose bones nosv adorn
museums of natural history. The sur
vival of the fittest must operate in men
' as in brutes. It is the same old war ,
'bloody with tooth and claw , ' that be
gan when the first protoplasm multi
plied itself by two. Now brains are
weapons , not muscles ; mind , not mat
ter ; soul , not body ; heart , not hand.
The Malay is an inferior race ho must
die just as the Indian died. Expan
sion is the inevitable. It was ordained
in the beginning. "
Now for an example of the outcome
of such expansion doctrines : Captain
Albert Otis , giving the results of his own
experience at Santa Ana , near Manila ,
"I have six horses , and three carriages
in my yard , and enough small plunder
for a family of six. The house I had at
Santa Ana had five pianos. I couldn't
take them , so I put a big grand piano
out of a second-story window. You can
guess its finish. "
This is only one of many such inci
dents mentioned in the letters of sold
iers to their friends in the United States.
The Enquirer of the 19th contained
nearly a column and a half of excellent
editorial comment setting forth in a
very suggestive way the fallacies of
compulsory civilization , and among
other things , touched upon the extra
ordinary dictum , above quoted , of the
United States general. I will here ap
ply a query from the Sacramento Bee :
"Have the Filipinos any rights ; have
they any business on earth ? "
It would also bo gratifying to have an
answer to two other questions : What
do the expansionists think the rights of
dark races are ? Are they of the opinion
that the Almighty in the creation ap
plied his hand exclusively to the white
race , and left others to be formed by
apprentices or journeymen ?
As expansionists deem Washington ,
Jefferson , Adams , and other of the
fathers "back numbers" it may be well ,
in this connection , for them to ponder
the following enunciation of republican
doctrine of this generation :
"No man is good enough to govern
another without that man's consent.
I say this is the leading principle , the
sheet anchor of American republican
"When the white man governs him
self , that is self-government ; but when
he governs himself and also governs
another man , that is more than self-
government , that is despotism.
"All honor to Jefferson to a man
who in the concrete pressure of a strug
gle for national independence by a sin
gle people had the coolness , forecast and
capacity to introduce into a merely revo
lutionary document an abstract truth
applicable to all men and all times , and
so to embalm it there that today and in
all coming days it shall be a rebuke and
a stumbling block to the harbingers of
tyranny and oppression.
"Oar reliance is in the love of liberty
which God has planted in us. Our de
fence is in the spirit which prizes liberty
as the heritage of all men in all lands
everywhere. Those who deny freedom
to others deserve it not for themselves ,
and under a just God cannot long re
tain it. "
It appears that at a meeting of Pres
byterian ministers in Sail Francisco on
Monday , the 17th inst. , Dr. Coyle being
the chief speaker , there was a compara
tive unanimity of sentiment in favor of
President McKiuley's benevolent assim
ilation policy. If Dr. Coyle's interpre
tation of Christian civilization be
correct it merely means the law of or
ganic evolution the survival of the
fittest ; in this particular case the sur
vival of the strongest of the stronger
in point of engines of war , but for a
time eventually of the weaker , because -
cause of his better adaptation of the
climate of his native tropical country. I
say , if his interpretation of the process
of Christian civilization sanctioned by
the Bible is correct as applied in this
case , what need was there of the coming
and of the teachings of the Redeemer of
mankind ? In short , is not the reverend
gentleman giving himself over com
pletely to materialistic science rather
than adhering to the elevating and
refining principles of Christianity the
love of God and of man , as taught
by Christ ?
I ain informed that Dr. Coyle as
serted in his remarks before the Presby
terian ministers that there are ten mil
lions of Europeans in Oriental tropical
lauds. If so I would be glad to learn
where they are located.
Dr. Coyle , as reported by the press ,
has said : "To back out of tin Phil
ippines now would lead the nations
of the earth to laugh at the great repub
lic of the West , and cause us to lose
faith in ourselves. "
Think of offering that at the judgment
bar of Christ as an excuse for swerving
from the path of duty. The same ex
cuse is not infrequently offered in
another form , namely , that to withdraw
would disgrace us in the eyes of the
Now the term disgrace thus used be
trays a wrong-headed and obstinate
pride persisting in perpetuating a woe
ful injustice because , forsooth , some
people in the world might indulge in
gibes and sneers , whereas no right-
minded , liberty-loving person on earth
but would experience a thrill of joy
that the United States of America ,
hitherto the exemplar of democracy and
liberty , should have the courage to own
itself wrong in this business and fear
lessly reverse itself and do what is right.
People who talk of disgrace attending
our withdrawal from the Philippines
before having subjugated the natives
are but putting themselves on the level
of the small boy who is afraid to do
right because his companions may
laugh at him , or , with that of the cow
boy who allows himself to be egged on
to commit a stage-robbery because he
hasn't the moral courage to withstand
the taunts of his confreres.
JOHN J. VALENTINE.
San Francisco , Cali. , April 22 , 1899.
There are a thousand men with physical
courage to moot bullets on the battle
field , where there are a dozen with
moral courage to tell the truth and stand
up for it when the multitude are all on
the side of error. To tell the truth
against odde , when truth is antagonistic
to public prejudice , and public senti
ment , requires a brave and self-reliant
man. More truth-tellers are needed in
the political life of America.
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