The Conservative (Nebraska City, Neb.) 1898-1902, July 28, 1898, Page 8, Image 8
8 'Che Conservative * railroad transportation. Our congress , by law , has permitted the Canadian Pacific ; Railroad company to bring its cars into our territory and take oxir goods into Canada and thcnco cany them across Canada and back into the United States again , thus depriving our own roads of the much-needed revenue which they would have derived from the traffic if foreign railroads were placed on the same footing as foreign ships. This is a very serious matter to our roads. For the past live years more than . 5,000,000,000 of the capital stock of our railroads has not earned one cent on the investment. In addition to that enormous loss they have not earned a dollar of interest on $900,000,000 of bonds. But during that time they have paid to the state governments through which they pass from $30,000,000 in 1894 to $41,000,000 in 1897. Since the panic of 189. ] their taxes have increased at the rate of more than $1,000,000 over the preceding year. Now , on top of that come the new war taxes , which will aggregate - gregato many millions of dollars more. The Canadian Pacific Railroad of Can ada , of course , pays no taxes. The privilege it enjoys gives it just that much advantage over our own roads. But this is not all. Our congress enacted laws of a very highly restrictive character controlling our railroads , prohibiting them from lowering their rates without three days' public notice , and from raising them without ton days' notice ; prohibiting them from paying rebates to secure traffic , and requiring them to do and refrain from doing other things which make again.st their business , un less all of their competitors are under the same restrictions. "The Canadian Pacific Railroad , by reason of its being situated in foreign territory , has been held by United States courts to be practically exempt from the burdens and embarrassments which our laws impose upon our own roads. In other words , the American roads have their hands tied by our laws wherever they are in competition with the Cana dian Pacific Railroad , while the latter is free and unembarrassed to wage destruc tive war upon the United States lines. "In February last the Inter State Commerce Commission decided that in a rate war then being conducted by the Canadian Pacific against our lines , they wore buying our trnflic away from our lines and carrying it at about half what the service was worth , and that the means employed if done by a United States road , would bo in violation of law which would subject them to indict ment ; but as the Canadian Pacific road was not subject to our law there was no way to restrain them from continuing their illegitimate practices. "Notwithstanding that decision , the Canadian Pacific , which derives its chief support by the sult'eranco of our laws , lakes advantage of their permission to ; lo business in this country , has con tinued and yet persists in its practices , which nro resulting so disastrously to American lines. "In view of these facts , aside from the general policy of protection , the enor mous taxes which our roads contribute : o the public welfare , and that they are available at all times to our government for military purposes , they ought in ! ommou fairness to be relieved from the warfare which has degenerated into one of destruction. " HARMON In a very able , ox iciGHT AXI > instructive and in- : \i i o ii T. t cresting address lelivered at Put-in Bay Island July 12 , 1898 , by Judson Harmon , formerly at- : orney general of the United States , TJIK CONSERVATIVE finds the following gems of patriotic logic. In the consti tution of the United States ho says : "No limitation is expressed of the war power. May congress involve xis in war tor mere conquest or oppression ? Might our forces been scut to aid Spain instead of the Cubans ? "The terms which give the power to make treaties are broad. May wo join with Russia and Germany to restore the Bourbons to the throne of France ? "The power to admit now states is general. May congress admit Indian tribes , or Mexico , or the South Ameri can Republics , or Switzerland , as states of the Union ? The power to dispose of our territory is not restricted in terms. May congress grant Arizona to Japan , or Oklahoma to China ? "Those are all extreme cases , but they merely enlarge our view of the subject we are testing. Again Judge Harmon says relative to the commencement of hostilities with Spain : "But wo know that for various reas ons we were liable to bo suspected of covetousness lurking behind our pro fessed motives , and to bo accused of making a pretext rather than a prece dent. The war resolutions , therefore , which wore passed almost without dis sent and approved without hesitation , were made expressly to declare that wo did not covet our neighbor's lands from which wo demanded her withdrawal. "That neighbor , thus made our enemy , has , scattered over the globe , the rem nants of her great possessions. It was of course proper to attack her in any of the.se as well as in Cuba. The victory which Commodore Dewey promptly won seemed to bring within our grasp a largo group of inhabited islands , nearly 8,000 miles away , and to show that still others might bo had for the taking. "Forthwith , before wo had conquered a foot of Spanish soil , it was declared by many for whoso statements wo are held in a measure accountable that wo shall keep whatever wo take. Wo must seixo the dominion from which 'wo thrust Spain , and become the ruler of numerous and distant peoples of unkin- dred race and tongue. "Various pretexts are suggested for escape from our disclaimer of territorial cupidity. It applied to Cuba only. It merely expressed our intentions at the time , subject to change. Spain did not promptly yield , but persists in pretend ing she is making war. The declara tion was of no consequence , anyway , because it was voluntary and without consideration. "If , without seeming to discredit our country , wo may assume that she will ountenanco tricks of special pleading against her solemn self-assumed , - obliga tion of honor , or if wo may suppose that circumstances will arise to release her from it in the judgment of mankind , it becomes our duty to consider the action proposed. It involves a radical change in the course the country has followed from the beginning , and is not a matter to bo settled by hue and cry. I shall briefly discuss it , not as n question of policy but as one of constitutional right. "No authority to acquire territory , anywhere , is expressly granted. Jef ferson thought the book of the Consti tution had to be closed while he bought Louisiana. He depended on subsequent approval by an amendment , the form of which he prepared. The Federalists , except Hamilton , agreed with his con struction , though they condemned his course. "The purchase of Florida followed , in connection with the fixing of our boun dary with Spain west of the Mississippi vvliich extended our domain to the Pa cific north of California. Then we an nexed Texas and by conquest , confirmed by treaty , pushed our frontier south ward. Soon after wo made the Gads- den purchase from Mexico , giving our present southern boundary. Then we bought Alaska. "The power has been established by general acquiescence in these precedents. The courts have said it is implied from the war and treaty powers. But there has been no occasion to define the limits which are fixed for this , as for all im plied powers , by the necessity which alone justifies the implication. ' The authority of congress to provide for the entire government of territory acquired , until it shall bo included in a state , has passed the stage of controver sy. That to admit new states is ex press and unquestioned. " Money is the one tiling which man works for , struggles for , that never con fers any satisfactions or blessings upon him until ho parts with it. Hoarded money benefits nobody. All active money is useful. Banks are the reser voirs whence money streams out and fertilizes business. A country without banks cannot carry on commerce and manufactiire any more than one without streams , springs or rainfall can live by farming. The ( Icxin1 for more money is almost universal. And many callow economists mistake it for a dnnuml for more money. But legitimate demand for money can bo made only by those who have valu ables to exchange for money. Money can never bo made so plentiful that those who have no legitimate credit at bank will bo able to get loans without improving their characters and collat erals. Money will never bo so cheap and plentiful as to circulate automati cally. The garden of Eden was never visited by a tax assessor. Taxlcssness was a conspicuous charm of Paradise. The lower the taxes the nearer wo are to Paradise regained.