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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1911)
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Proper Care Of Cream.
To the Editor of The Homestead:
Cream maye be termed as the second
step in dairying, and it requires still
greater care in handling than milk.
Carelessly handling cream, or the
butter from it, is not as profitable as
that which is properly cared for, nor
is it fit to be taken into the human
body as nourishment.
While the separated cream is still
warm, in fact, just as soon as it is
separated, stir some fine, clean salt
into it at the rate of a teaspoonful for
every halfgallon of cream. This not
only preserves the cream and prevents
it from retrograding in quality, but
the test thus will be raised After
salting the cream, place the can in an
ice box or cold water, as the product
which is cool, as the warm cream
will raise the temperature of the cool
causing germs to be formed.
Keep the cream thoroughly mixed.
When a separation of it is poured in
with the older cream, stir it well.
This will insure a uniformity in the
age and quality, which is most essen
tial to a high test or a maximum quan
tity of high grade butter. It is also
best to have all cream in the same
vessel as nearly the same age as pos
sible, as the cream of varying ages
will ripen unevenly, and is almost
sure to yield a low test or 'poor butter.
Never keep cream after it once ripens;
either sell or churn it as soon as pos
sible. Although slightly sour cream
will test higher than the sweet, it shoud
not be allowed to become so sour it
gets a bitter taste, and when it gives
six to twelve hours before marketing
it so all of it will have reached the
correct acidity to give a proper test.
M. Coverdell in The Iowa Homestead.
hould be cooled as quickly as possible . off any odor, it is about past the stage
to prevent the formation of germs
For the same reason, never mix the
freshly-separated cream with that
when it should be classed as a food.
It is also best to allow the sweet cream
to stand mixed with the sour for from
THERE IS YOUR PROTECTION
Daily the newspapers report some incident
where a telephone has saved life or property.
It may be a fire that was reported before it was
under control, a burglar frightened away or medical
aid summoned in the nick of time but whatever it
may have been, the necessity of a telephone has
A Bell Telephone means protection to the home.
You cannot afford to be without one.
Nebraska Telephone Co.
C. I. MARTZ, Commercial Mgr.
Our Offer to Suffering Humanity
For a good many years we have been treating chronic diseases ex
clusively. Our ability to diagnose and treat obstinate and complicated
diseases results from rare experience.
As Specialists, we have met countless ailments that baflled the skill
of eminent physicians. We have seen these poor afllicted victims treat
ed, both rightly and wrongly. We have watched the outcome of every
case. Every mistake and success has been analyzed. Where most doc
tors learn from one experience, we have learned from a thousand, and
the lessons are all recorded.
From our wealth of experience we've evolved new systems of treat
ment, new ways to do quickly what once took years to accomplish, new
bloodless methods that do away with risky operations.
We fuTTy appreciate the extensive public patronage at our various
offices and as further evidence of our good will towards suffering human
ity, we extend to all who are afllicted our special offer explained in the
Cut Out and Mail This Coupon.
READ CUR SPECIAL OFFER
Send three names of people
troubled with any ailment on this
schedule and we will mail you a
$10 treatment certificate good for
one year. Mark X opposite ail
ments concerning yourself for
free literature and sign below.
USE PEN AND INK IF POSSIBLE
2 Name ZZZZ
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4 BLOOD fOISOS'
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II COSM-MFTIOM .
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U CTZEMA. ati Forma
IT ETTLETST. FITS. Etc
I ETC DISEASES
II FEMALE MEAKNCSS
it CALL STONES
SI CLEET. CONORRHEA
XI HEART DISEASES
1 Ht UROCELE
tl MtlNET DISEASES
It LEICHORRHEA. WHITE I.
It UQIOR HABIT
SI LIVER IHSEASES
XI LOSSES. DRAINS. Etc
tt LOCOMOTOR ATAXIA
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II OBESITY tfltiml.
IS NERVOUSNESS .
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Ji PILES. FISTVLA
U fAlNFtt. MENSES ..
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a rooR MEuoar
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1 RHEUMATISM. COLT
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1 TAPE V.GRM
STPH1LIS. SCROFl-LA. Cufe-M
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Address all correspondence and this coupon to
&e GERMAN DOCTOR
Home offices and Sanitarium, Council Bluffs Iowa
Branch offices and resident doctors at
Columbus, NebGerman Nat. Bank
Norfolk, Neb., 435 Norfolk Arenac
Yankton, S. D., 304 Capitol Street
Beatrice, Neb., Y. M. C. A. BIdg
Kearney, Neb., Opera House
Fairbury, Neb., 413 Fifth Street
The Change In Farm Ideas.
Our older readers can remember
the time when men did not farm for
the purpose of making money. The
farm was to them a place they could
call their own, and where they could
rear a family at the minimum expense.
If in the timber country as in Pennsyl
vania, Ohio, Michigan, or Wisconsin,
they cleared a few acres and built a
home, added a few acres each year by
clearing, allowed their cattle to pasture
in the woods , and expected to supple
ment their supplies by hunting and
fishing. If on the prairie, they built
a home of some sort broke up part of
a quarter, perhaps settled along
dreams for fuel and protection from
wind, allowed their cattle to graze on
the prairies and depended on this for
winter forage. These were the "good
old days" that old people talk about;
and there were good things about them,
but better in the way of reminiscence
than of realization at the time.
Kail 1 roads came in and the farmer
changed his ideals somewhat. He
could secure a home, rear a family and
make some money besides: for the
ralroads provided him with a market.
The ideal of the farmer then was to
get rich by growing grain. After the
appearance of the reaper he aspired to
do it in a wholesale way. His ideal
of a farm was that of a bank which
permitted of an unlimited checking.
Unconsciously he became a miner of
the soil rather than a creator of real
values. Those also were good days
better in retrospect than in reality.
The failure of spring wheat, the
introduction of corn pests, rusts and
smuts, and the diminishing yield fin
ally gave farmers a new ideal, that
is, some of them; for quite a large
number of farmers in all sections of
the country have not passed beyond the
second stage just mentioned. This
ideal is a much higher one than that
of the mere grain raiser, and it is the
ideal of a large percent of our readers
now. it is a good one, elevating,
humanizing, compelling the farmer to
broaden his field of knowledge, to study
breeding, to study markets, to keep
in touch with the doings of this great
world generally. But this is not, af
ter, all the highest ideal. We must
pass beyond this.
The next ideal will be that of com
munity life, of a rural civilization,
of a state society that will furnish
the maximum of comfort and pleasure
with a mimimum of toil and expense.
The farmer's object is not merely to
raise a family, nor merely to increase
the number and quality 6f his live
stock, nor to add field to field and farm
to farm until there is no place for
neighbors and schools and churches;
but to rear amid culture and refine
ment a family of bright, intelligent,
refined, stalwart sons and fair daugh
ters, who can take their places in gov.
ernment, in society, in all that is
really valuable and lasting, along
side families grown under other con
ditions in town or city. We must
learn to think alout- the farm as an
ideal place to live, not merely to rear
children, but the strongest and best
children; not merely as a place to eat,
drink and sleep, but to have the max
imum of the comforts and the oppor
tunities which our modern civiliza
tion affords. If we stop short of that
we shall fall short both of our privi
lege and our duty.
The old days as we look back upon
them, were good days; but there is a
better day before the farmers of the
West than realize, a loftier ideal than
they now entertain. In those days
there will be a revived country church,
a rural school that will afford an edu
cation such as can be found now not
even in the cities, an education with
out the temptations of the cities, an
education that can be applied on the
farm and in social and political life.
We shall not reach this until we form
an ideal, for man never gets any in
advance of his ideals. Wallaces'
ed to drink water from filthy ponds.
Water in ponds this year has been
low, and hence very stagnant. Such
water will cause swine disease, and it
is injurious, to say the least, for other
animals. Hogs may wallow with im
punity in mud holes and dirty pnds,
but bad results will follow if these
are their only source for drinking
For hogs, and all other animals as
well, good wells or cisterns are a pay
ing investment, and no other water
should be given to animals except at
seasons when there is pure water in
the pastures. More attention to a
pure and constant water supply for
hogs means fewer losses.
It has been proved beyond question
that mosquitoes, flies and some other
insects carry and transmit disease
germs. There is scarcely a question
but that hog lice carry and transmit
germs of hog diseases. Kerosene,
grease, and a small proportion of car
bolic acid will effectively rid lice
from hogs. We apply the melted
mixture to the animals as they drink
from the trough, rubbing it on the
backs and behind the ears. The
operation is repeated once a week for
two or three times, or till the lice on
the animals disappear. At the same
time kerosene and crude carbolic acid
are sprayed on the walls and floors of
the houses, over bedding, and around
drinking and feed troughs, not only to
kill lice but germs of disease as well.
Dipping with dipping mixture is also
Another important item in prevent
ing disease with hogs is too supply
them with plenty of mineral matter,
especially coal and charcoal and some
salt. Little pigs barely weaned will
eat soft coal "like candy," which
shows that swine by nature need min
eral matter. Charcoal is a good
cleanser of the bowels, and hogs
should have some of this at all times
for good health.
Shift hogs frequently from one pas
ture or feeding lot to another. A
number of the animals in one place
for only a few weeks will pollute the
grounds. Frequent shifting to new
pastures allows time for disease and
worms to die and the foul grounds to
become clean. Keep hogs clean in
side and out, and on clean pasture and
they will be healthier than with filth
and neglect. H. H. Shepd in The
sgPhone nearest office for dates of Free Examination.
large sections in Illinois,
and some other states this
large unmbers of hogs have
died from cholera and other diseases.
For several years farmers in general
have suffered small losses from such
diseases, and perhaps some have be
come careless in the matter.
It has been said by good authority
that almost all human diseases and
ailments are caused by laziness. This
may be an exaggeration, yet there is
much truth in it. Cleanliness and
good sanitary conditions promote
health among human beings and the
lower domestic animals. Dirt and
filth breed the germs of disease. Ma
ny persons with severe chronic ail
ments go away to some noted doctor
or sanitarium for expert treatment.
while all the treatment of value they
receive is a daily bath. If they only
understood the value of a'clean skin in
relation to good health, they could
bathe at home and save the cost of
going several hundred miles for their
It is similarly true with hogs also
though many think that hogs thrive in
ii is very iiKeiy mat many nogs
Dr. Harvey W. Wiley has been ex
onerated by President Taft, who set
aside the recommendations of the per
sonnel board of the department of ag
riculture and also Attorney-General
Wickersham. The president stated
that Dr. Wiley is entitled to the thanks
of the country rather than to its cen
sure and indicated that a general
cleanup may be expected in the de
partment of agriculture in the near
future. It will be recalled that Dr.
Wiley was attacked by those who op
pose his pure food crusade and who
allege that he had exceeded his autor
ity by hiring chemical experts and pay
ing them a larger per diem fee than
the law specifies. The president does
not believe that this charge is serious
enough to invalidate the good work
which Dr. Wiley is doing in protect
ing the public from the impure food
impositions which have been thrust
upon it in the past. The following
paragraph, in the president's letter
exonerating Dr. Wiley, shows that
the investigation is by no means con
cluded, and that developments of a sen
sational nature may be expected in
the near future.: "Further considera
tion satisfies me that there are broad
er questions involved in the investiga
tion and the evidence there brought
out than in the present charge, which
is narrow and definite and can now be
properly disposed of. The broader
issues raised by the investigation,
which have a much weightier relation
than this one to the general efficiency
of the department, may require much
more radical action than the question
I have considerered and decided."
J i if frOrVsl.
jbmBM Copyright 1911 g
"'""sIm Michaels, Stern & Co. Q
1 11 Rochester. N. Y. &
g The Close of SummerThe Clothes of Fall g
The dog days are over,
cooler nights are almost
heavier weight clothes,
The cool Fall days and
here. Time to think of
and maybe a Top-coat.
Harriman Told Him.
Harriiuau had an almost supernatu
ral instinct for knowing what was
going ou and who was doing it in the
mysteries of stock manipulation. Once
when Southern Pacific had been going
up fast, ITarriman and various bank
ing houses buying in concert, he called
up on the telephone one of his private
brokers. "Somebody Is selling," he
said. "Yes, sir." was the answer.
"Well, hand the market 25,000 for
me." Immediately he called up the
head of a banking firm much inter
ested In the market "Who's selling
Southern PacIfieS" he asked. "I don't
know; we haven't Itecn able to find
out," was the answer. "I'll tell you,"
snapped ITarriman; "it's your house."
And he cut off the connection before
any reply to him could be made. Ex
change. The Tough Kid.
Xabor I saw the doctor at your
Subbubs Yes; that boy of mine
climbed up on the porch when he was
told not to. and
Xabor Ah. I see. He fell and broke
Subbubs Not much! lie's sound as
a dollar. But my wife tried to whip
him for it, and new she's a nervous
and physical wreck. Catholic Stand
ard and Times.
For up-to-date styles and dressiness of finish the
Michaels-Stem Fall Suits and Overcoats will discount
anything you've seen.
Columbus -:- Nebraska
BATHTUBS IN MEXICO.
New to Him.
"I see your son has gone to work."
"IIow is be getting along?"
"Oh, fine! Anything in the t way of
a novelty always appeals to i him."
In High Lif.
"Met your wife lately?"
"Xo; but I see by the society papers
that sue will be at home twice this
month." Louisville Courier-Journal.
this summer dead from being compell-1 phones,
Dr. W. H. Slater, veterinary. Both
Mad of Cament, They Are a Real Lux
ury In a Hot Climata.
"Unless you have been in the trop
ics," remarked the man who had just
returned from a trip to Mexico, "you
can't possibly realize how great a lux
ury a cold bath can lie. It's not that
the climate is necessarily warmer than
a Xew York summer, but the natives
have worked out the problem of bath
ing to its ultimate conclusions. They
have hi vented the ideal tub.
"On the great private estates in
Mexico baths arc in use today which
were hewn out of the solid rock cen
turies ago by slave labor. They are
located for the most part in the vicin
ity of running water and are fed by
bamboo pipes, but in many cases they
have to be tilled by the old fashioned
method of carrying a bucket to and
from the spring.
"In the cities the so called stone
baths are made of cement The resi
dences of all well to do people are
provided with them, and they are a
feature of the native hotels. They are
usually about ten feet long by four
deep baby swimming tanks, in fact.
"The tropical custom is to fill the
baths late at Bight. By the following
morning the water will have acquired
a limpid coolness that acts like a tonic
upon the body. When one remembers
that near the equator it is almost as
warm in the morning as It is at noon
and that water taken direct from the
city mains Is always tepid the advan
tage of the stone or cement bath Is
evident." New York Sun.
Mining For Coffin Planks.
One of the most curious iiniustries in
the world is the busiuess of mining fur
coffin planks, which is carried on in
npiier Tonkin, a portion of the French
possessions in southeastern Asia. In
a certain district in this province there
exists a great underground deposit of
logs, which were probably the trunks
of trees engulfed by an earthquake or
some other convulsions of nature at a
comparatively recent iterlod. The trees
are a species of pine known to the
natives and also to some extent to Eu
ropean commerce as "nam-hou." The
wood is almost lniiierishable and has
the quality, either through its nature
or as the result of its sojourn under
ground, of resisting decay from damp.
This quality makes it particularly val
uable for the manufacture of coffins.
and for this purpose it is largely ex
ported to Europe. The trees are often
a yard in diameter. They are burled
In sandy earth at a depth of from two
to eight yards and are dug up by na
tive labor as demand Is made for them.
Foley's Kidney Remedy vs. a Hopeless
Hon, Ark. J, E. Freeman says: "1
had a severe case of kidney trouble
and could not work and my case seemed
hoeless. One large bottle of Foley's
Kideny remedy cured me and I have
never been bothered since. 1 always
recommend it." For sale by all
Mrs. Mable Swift, Public
Stenographer, Room 1, State
Whero He Is Weak.
"My husband has no idea of the value
"Why. I thought be was a good busi
"He thinks he is, bat I can't get him
to realize what a lovely hat I can boy
How to Cool Things.
A newlywed named Jones was talk
ing to his friend Casey the other day
about the heat in bis flat and was ask
ing the other for a little advice.
"Do you know my dining room Is
the hottest place in the world?" began
the newlywed. "Do you know of any
jray I might cool it off?"
"From experience I should say that
a very good way to bring about a
change In atmospheric conditions," re
marked the older married man. "and
one that is sure to bring results one
way or the other, is to take a friend
home to dinner when your wife isn't
expecting company." Philadelphia
Not Too Timid.
"Maud is a timid girl," said George.
"Yes," said Either; "she'd Jump even
at a proposal."
For further particulars
write to the undersigned
or inquire at the office of
Becher, Hockenberger &
1349 CoMtaace Street
Lo Angeles, California.