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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1911)
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See the land before you buy It.
Apples should be carefully assorted.
Cool the cream as soon as possible
Prepared dips kill lice. A lousy
cow is a hard keeper.
Oats should be made a part of the
ration of the growing colt.
It is often a good plan to turn wean
ling lambs into the cornfield.
Don't give Ihe pigs a setback by a
day or two of carelessness.
The comfortable cow is usually one
that produces the best profits.
Change pastures often to give the
grass a chance to start up fresh.
Corn silage is an excellent calf feed
when fed In moderate amounts.
Allow no weeds to go to seed. This
will make cultivation easier next
Spring pigs can get along very well
without shelter except from rain un
Tainted, musty or mouldy feeds
should never be served In the dairy
A silo should not be less than 30
feet deep or more than 12 or 14 feet
There is always much difficulty In
Reaping ca.ns clean and sweet in very
Tho hog on pasture requires 20 per
.cnL less grain to make a gain of 100
pounds in weight.
The most profitable pork Is pro
duced by using as largely as possible
other feeds than corn.
tlzr-o will stand a vast amount of
;'.abIo manure and give a surprising
growth of green feed.
The only hog pasture crop that
r.:ay be sown now to furnish fall feed
is cowpeas or sorghum.
When grapes are bagged at an early
stage there is hardly any work in the
fruit, line that pays better.
Cut out sprouts about shade trees,
,iiuais and apples. They oniy take
strength from the main plant
If the pig is stinted in its food at
my stage of its life, it can never be
come a perfect pork producer.
Gather pumpkins and squash before
i hard frost and store away in a dry
placo (not in a "damp cellar).
The best corn-cutting outfit for the
average farmer is a portable engine
with silage cutter and blower attach
ment. Hogs will not thrive on sour and
decomposed food any more than men
will. See that they get fresh, clean
water to drink.
A shed that is warm and poorly
ventilated will often cause the sheep's
wool to loosen, besides injuring the
Quality in form, disposition and gen
eral conformation must be coupled
with the size and style to get the best
in each class of horses.
Cabbage will sometimes cure slob
ber in horses caused by eating white
clover, but it is better to keep the
clover away from the horses.
Re sure that you furnish proper
quarters for the farrowing sow. You
can t afford to lose a single one of the
little "squealers" this season.
In real warm weather it will pay
and pay well to round up the young
pigs every ten days or two weeks and
give them a thorough wetting.
The farmers whose corn fields are
most likely to suffer this season are
those who quit plowing just because
there were no more weeds to kill.
Milk should never be exposed to
foul air in the cow stable or in dirty
tanks before h. is delivered to the
Those who get best results in the
garden must practice seed selection to
some extent by saving the most per
The primary principle in the mak
ing of silage is the exclusion of air in
order to prevent decay; therefore, not
only the walls, but the doors, must be
Every farmer knows the value of
corn as a supplement to a pasture
crop late in summer, for which pur
pose It may be used for cattle as
soon as it is tasseled out ar.d for
hogs as soon as the ears have reached
the roasting stage.
It does not cost much to get a pure
bred sire when the benefits io be de
rived from his use are considered, and
the ownership of a good animal has
an educational value which is practic
ally sure to lead to a desire to own a
vf ii ,,, - R- C fmf
Get some pure-bred stock.
It pays to epray Intelligently.
Keep the Iambs growing all the
Never mix warm cream with cold
Feed corn very carefully to the pigs
in hot weaiher.
The needs of the good dairy cow
must be studied.
Keep fewer sheep, better sheep and
give them better care. w
Bran is good for both growing
chicks and laying hens.
It certainly pays to keep a big
quiet flock of good fowls.
Seeds of maple trees have been
known to germinate In ice.
Oats are frequently seeded with
Canada field peas for forage.
Clover and skim milk are almost In
dispensable In the ration of the grow
Boards should be used for bleaching
early celery. Soil is apt to cause it
Artificial heat In the hog pen Is
not necessary. Freedom from drafts
Every farmer should have a piece of
rape to turn the sheep on when the
A hog could be starved to eat al
most anything: but seldom does well
on spoiled food.
A side line of dairying that helps
out is to have plenty of pigs to eat
the skim milk.
Young chickens should not be coop
ed on land that was occupied by chick
ens last year.
An accessible supply of pure, cold
water should always be available for
the dairy herd.
Different kinds of milk animals dif
fer greatly as to the fat and solid con
tents of the milk.
Rape is commonly sown either
broadcast or In rows about 30 inches
apart and cultivated.
Plenty of hot water must be used in
keeping the dairy utensils clean dur
ing the hot weather.
The best authorities give the weight
of one gallon of milk, of average com
position, as 8.G pounds.
The silo is now a necessity, and for
you to compete with the man who has
one you must have one, too.
The levelness with which a horse
walks is one of the best evidences
that his legs work in harmony.
Roughage for calves should first be
fed at two or three weeks of age,
when the calf begins to eat grain.
Steel silos are growing in favor, and
seemingly do not hold the frost any"
more or even as much as the cement
Contrary to popular belief more
chickens die from June until Sep
tember than in all the rest of the
Do not hurry the mare that Is with
colt when she is eating. She ought to
have plenty of time to chew her feed
The cold storage man makes better
prices for the dairyman and poultry
man until the cold storage man is
The milk should be strained through
one thickness of clean white flannel
and then should be quickly cooled and
If a ewe keeps her lamb in fine fat
condition up to the time of weaning,
be sure she is a good mother, and
A silo saves labor, as with it you
can feed more stock in much less time'
than by any other means and do it
When a hog reaches 200 pounds in
weight it requires extra good care and
an expert feeder to continue to lay on
flesh at a profit
Some people claim that a hog is a
scavenger by nature, but he certainly
thrives better on clean feed and de
Weeds plowed under add some hu-.
mus and fertility to the soil, though
In a very much less degree than
clover or cow peas.
The amount of feed used by cows
depends some hat upon their body
weight, larger cows requiring more
feed for maintenance.
Common millet is one of the best
varieties of millet to sow as an emer
gency hay or pasture crop, since It
yields well under trying conditions of
soil and climate.
Pigs, sows and fattening .hogs
should be kept in separate inclosures.
They will be healthier., and derive
mere benefit from their feeds by
Make a creep for the little pigs in
which they can get in and eat and the
old hogs cannot follow. By the way,
do not feed the little fellows sloppy,
sour feed. Give them shelled corn
and watch them crack it
Fall fairs have already begun. Ex
hibit your poultry at as many of them
as possible. You will learn much that
will benefit you in many ways. Ex
change ideas with the poultry breed
ers you meet there. The poultry in
dustry has never yet been completely
mastered by any one man.
EXCELLENT VENTILATION OF
STABLES OF ORDINARY SIZE
Most Satisfactory System Is Described and Illustrated No
Plan That Will Automatically Meet All Conditions
of Wind and Weather The Cause of
Corrosion of Metal Frames.
For stables of ordinary width, the
common and most satisfactory form
of fresh air inlet is a sash at each
stall hinged at the botton, opening
inward, but with galvanized iron
pieces attached to the sides of the
window frame, so that the only air
admitted has to take an, upward
course over the top of the sash,
writes George F. Weston in the Coun
try Gentleman. This prevents direct
drafts. A piece of chain stapled to
the top of the frame, with a beheaded
wire nail projecting' from the top of
the sash, allows the window to be
opened any number of links. The free
edges of the metal side plates are
turned upward so as to make a stop
that prevents the windows from fall
ing open too wide.
There is no system of ventilation
that will automatically meet all con
ditions of wind and weather, which
at times will call for the closing of
all windows to windward, and opening
Plan of Stable Showing Method of Ventilation A, Inlets between ceil
ing joists; B, Inlets on hay floor; C, Window inlets; D, Side section of
double stall and exhaust flue; E, Back view, same; F, E;:haust flue and side
connection; I, I, I, Location of passage inlets.
of those on the sheltered side a mere
crack. In winter when the horses
come in hot. and, in the case of work
horses, cannot be rubbed quite dry,
it will often save colds to keep every
thing tight until they are dry and
have cooled off. The stable shown in
the illustration is an extra wide one.
and to secure sufficient fresh air in
lets for the central double row of
horses, it may be necessary to make
ducts from the outside to the open
ings in the ceiling over the center of
each passage, about 14 by 20 inches,
and marked I, I, I in the plan. These
can be closed by a board, with pin
sliding on bottom of inside. The eas
iest way to make these ducts is to en
close between two ceiling joists, or
if this cannot be done, make as at
B on hay floor above.
The exhaust flues for a stable of
this design should be three in num
ber, about two feet six inches by
one foot six inches, extending from
bottom of manger clear to the roof.
Each one connects with lateral flues
below manger, so as to tap eight
stalls, and the openings to each stall
should increase in size as they leave
DISEASES OF HORSE LOCATED
W H i III Jl n'lllli I ' I ffl IPFlUfcH
LY xsMrQrfisillllllllllllllllllllllllllllBBllllV BRRmRKltTRRRmRY
Jm AW H
The location of some diseases of the
horse is shown in the illustration here
with, which is taken from the North
1. Poll evil; 2. swelling by bridle
pressure; 3, inflamed parotid gland;
4. inflamed jugular vein; 5. caries of
the lower jaw; 6. fistula of parotid
duct; 7. bony excrescence; 8, fistula
of withers; 9. saddle gall; 10, tumor
Maw be Poisoned 'With Wheat
Soaked in a. Solution of
to Trap Tn
(By WALTER B. LEUTZ.)
Ground hogs may be poisoned with
wheat soaked in a solution of strych
nine, but they can easily be trapped
at the entrance of their burrows. A
better way is toeoak a bit of moss or
hay with bisulphate of carbon and
place it well down into the burrow
covering the entrance with a heavy
cloth. The carbon -being neavier than
air it penetrates to the-bottom of the
burrow and kills the animals in
staptly. Great care in handling
bisulphate of carbon must be observed
because Jt is a deadly poison and
must never he Inhaled. The bottle
cntaining It should be kept tightly
ccrked until the moment it is to. be
the main flue, and be screened with
half-Inch wire netting to keep out
rats. AH main exhaust fines in a sta
ble should also have two or the oppo
site sides made with a door just below
the ceiling, and two feet down, so that
this can be opened up against the
ceiling and take out all hot air in
summer. Frequently the hay chutes
can be so arranged as to serve also
for exhaust flues by having a tight-
fitting door at the hay floor, which
is only opened tor leeatng. iney can
be of galvanized iron as far up as
the celling of stable, but in such a
climate as Canada, where the upper
space is much lower In temperature,
should be of wood, and it may even
pay to cover with a couple of layers
of heavy building paper.
It is well to remember that ven
tilating flues only work when their
air contents are at a higher temper
ature than the outside air. This means
that the air is expanded and is of
i ill i
. . .
lesser weight than an equal column of
the colder outside air. Finally there
must be a material difference in tem
perature, for the stable air is loaded
with moisture and products of ani
mal combustion. There have been
cases in northern winters of the metal
flues beiig almost entirely stopped by
condensed moisture deposited as ice
on the inside top end. The best re
sults are secured from many small in
lets, instead of the few larger ones.
especially as io prevention oi injuri
Moisture condensed during cold
weather is the cause of the corrosion
of metal frames, and we suggest giv
ing them a couple of coats, of as
pbaltum paint over the interior sur
face, especially on the sash bars.
When of metal the expansion of these
is so much greater than of the glass1
that it is impossible to get a perfect
seal or seat between these and the
glass, and as a result there have been
put on the market many special forms
of metal sash to remedy the trou
ble of drip from condensed moisture.
Under some conditions, cypress bars
may be more durable than iron.
caused by collar; 11. splint; 12. ma
landers; 13. a treat on the coronet: 14.
sand crack; 15, quittor; 16. knee
bunch; 17, clap on back sinews; 18.
ringbone; 19, foundered foot; 20. ven
tral hernia; 21, rat tail; 22, spavin;
23. curb; 24. quarter crack; 25. trick
leg; 26. malanders; 27. capped fceek;
28. swelled sinews; 29. grease; SO.
sand crack; 31. tumor of elbow.
The turkey crop hatched previous
to June 1 should attain good growth
by the Jast of November, the cock
birds reaching ten or twelve pounds.
The turkey is not fully matured un
til two years of age. and Is in his
prime at three years, and nearly as
good at four years old. It is therefore
a mistake t oseil off all the older
birds and retain the young ones for
Toung turkeys are of a delicate na
ture until they are fully feathered and
have thrown out the red on their
heads, which usually occurs at about
three months of age. After that they
are hardy, and may be alTowed unlim
ited range at all times.
Poultry in Ireland.
Ireland is the greatest poultry grow
ing country in the world. It is far
ahead of France, though we have al
ways accepted the latter as the lead
ing country In this industry. Ireland,
with a population of not quite 5,000
000. has 14.000,000 fowls; while
France, with a population seven timet
greafr, has only 10.000,000.
REST FOR COW IS ESSENTIAL
Animal, Like Other Machines, Must
e Given Sufficient Time for
Making Needed Repairs.
(By WALTER B. LEUTZ.)
Too many farmers milk their cowe
from "calf to calf." In some states
the law forbids the selling of milk
of cows within two weeks of calving
or five days after. This rest is none
too long and in fact young heifers
would do better if they were given
longer rest before calving.
We once heard a farmer at county
institute defend his practice of milk
ing bis cow up to the last moment on
the ground that he worked every day
and wanted his cows to do the same.
A woman asked him If he did not
rest on Sundays and he rather shame
facedly replied that be worked every
day in the week, particularly daring
the summer months. Not much use
arguing with a man like that, but ex
perience shows that it is much better
for the health and usefulness of the
cow, especially heifers, to give ber
at least a month's rest during the
A cow Is a milk machine, it Is true,
and we want to get all we can out
of her. but like machines made of
steel and wood she must be given
time for repairs or she will wear out
all to quickly.
TO KEEP HANDLES UPRIGHT
Pail Arranged in This Manner Will
Often Be Fcund of Great Con
venience Around Dairy.
It often happens that one finds It
convenient to have a pail on which
the handle will remain upright at all
limes, says the Farm-and Home. An
ordinary pail can be fixed to produce
the desired result A piece of tin, a.
is cut as shown, and attached to the
side of the pail at the place where,
the handle comes by bending the slot
over so that It engages the handle
Keeps Handles Upright.
and will hold it firmly in place. This
type is for metal pails.
At b is shown a piece of tin cut
for use on wooden pails. Instead of
being bent over the edge of the pail
the piece is Screwed to the wood.
CARE PREVIOUS TO CALVING
Cow Should Be Placed in Comfort
able Stall, Well Littered, in
Which There Is No Manger.
For ten days preceding the time
fcr calving, the cow should be- kept
in a comfortable, well-littered box
stall or pen, in which there is no
manger. The feed should be given in
a box or basket, which should be re
moved after the feed is takea. The
coarse feed may be put in the corner,
and no more should be given than
she will eat. This rule should, how
ever, be observed, not only before
calving, but at all times. Throwing
large quantities of roughage before a
cow leads her Into the bad habit of
eating only the most appetizing parts,
and so wasting much feed. It Is a
good practice to take a lantern and go
the rounds of the. barn, before retir
ing for the night, to see that every
thing is as it should be.
Milk fever can be prevented very
casiiy by milking the cow regularly
before she drops her calf. If she is
usually a heavy milker, she should
be as regularly milked for a few
weeks bofnre calving as she is after.
Begin the milking at least two weeks
before the time for the arrival of the
j calf. During the first week once each
day is sufficient, but trie last week she
should be milked .both night and
Air-Tight Milk Can.
A new type of milk can has been
invented which is air-tight, and is
easily cleaned. Filled at the dair-j'
and sealed with the owner's label,
the can is so constructed that it de
livers automatically and accurately
any quantity that is desired, and
runs out clean to tne last drop.
Liberal Feeding Pays
A poor cow may be made to pay bei
way at least by liberal feeding. It is
equally true that a good cow may be
made to lose by stingy treatment
Scalding water Is an essential In the
When butter prices are low there is
absolutely no excuse for keeping poor
An accessible supply of pure, cold
water should always be available for
Tainted, musty or mouldy feeds
should never be served in the dairy
One .of the best indications of a
good milk cow is the large and tortu
ous milk veins.
Care should be taken that the cow
?oes not brve to wede through filth
n the barnyad.
Pouring or dipping the mi sev
eral times from one can to another
rapidly cools it.
To do good work the cream sep
arator must be level and on a good
solid foundation. '
The separator means the greatest
profit with tho least cost In handling
and marketing milk.
Ww' I iBbV v1
iff LlkRkN RRr aRRSBaBSRRafn
"Honest, Mr. Bird, 1 only came up
here for the view!"
HANDS WOULD CRACK OPEN
"About two months ago my hands
started to crack open and bleed, the
skin would scale off, and the good j
flesh would burn and Itch dreadfully.
When my hands first started to get I
sore, there were small blisters like wa-1
ter blisters which formed. They
Itched dreadfully. It just seemed as
though I could tear the skin all off. I
would scratch them and the skin would
peel off, and the flesh would be all
red and crack open and bleed. It wor
ried me very much, as I had never
had anything the matter with my skin.
I was so afraid I would have to give
up my employment, f
".My doctor said he didn't think it
would amount to anything. But it kept ;
getting worse. One day I saw a piece
in one of the papers about a lady who
had the same trouble with her hands.
She had used Cuticura Soap and Oint
ment and was cured. I decided to try
them, and my hands were all healed
before I had used one cake of Cuti
cura Ointment. I am truly thankful
for the good results from the Cuticura
Soap and Ointment, for thanks to them
I was cured, and did not have to lose
a day from work. I have bad no re
turn of the skin trouble." (Signed)
Mrs. Mary E. Breig, 2522 Brown
Street, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 12, 1911.
'Although Cuticura Soap and Oint
ment are sold everywhere, a sample
of each, with 32-page book, will be
mailed free on application to "Cuti
cura," Dept 6 K, Boston.
Tne Heights of Song.
Miss Mary Garden, at a supper in
New York that preceded her depar
ture for Europe, praised a new tenor.
"He is one of those tenors," said
Miss Garden, "who have to shut their
eyes when they sing."
"Why so?" asked a young million
aire. "Because," she replied, smiling, "he
goes so high it makes him dizzy."
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for
infants and children, and see that it
Signature of CmJtArzfiJjMr'
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Not Much of a -Water User.
Hewitt Gruet spends money like
Jewett I thought you said he spent
Stop the Pain.
The hurt of a burn or a cut stops when
Cole's Carbolisalve Is applied. It heals
oulckly and prevents scars. 3c and 50c by
arucgists. For free sample write to
J. W. Cole & Co.. Black River FalU. Wis.
Out of the Whaleback. i
Jonah joined the Vacation Liars j
"Yes." he remark, d. "I enjoyed my
ocean trip immensely."
ASK FOR ALLKX'S FOOT-EASE.
Meres Coma. Bunions, Ingrowing Xails, Swollen aod
Swrating irrt. Blisters and Calluua spou. Bold
CYrrrwbfrc.25c lton'taccrptar.yiulitittitr. 8am
pie FREE. Address Allan S. Olmsted. LeEcr.X.Y.
Just set to work and do a thing,
and don't talk about it. This is the
great secret of success In all enter
prises. Sarah Grand.
BEAUTIFUL POST CARDS FREE
Send 3c stamp for Ot' samples ul iuj- Tory rbolc
t Gold Embossed Birthday, Flower mod Motto
Post Cards: beautiful colors und lowliest desiims.
Art i'ost Card Club, Til Jackson U. Topcka. Kansas
Young people should reverence their
parents when at home, strangers when
abroad, and themselves when alone
and at all times. Massillon.
Rheumatism. Neuraljria and Sore Throat
will not live under the same roof with i
Hamlina W izard Oil. the world best
liniment for the relief of all pain.
Good Reason. '
"Why did Jagsby leave the castvof
that tank drama?"
"Because he wanted to be the tank."
3fr. Winalow' Sootnintr Syrup for Children
teethlnir. stoftens the trams, reduees intl.imma
Uon, allays pain. cures wind colic. 25c a bottle.
Happiness like the snail, is never
round from home, nor without, a home.
Lewi" Single Binder gives a min whit
ke wantu, a rich, mellow-tasting cijar.
To be without enemies Is to be un
worthy of having friends. Joubert.
W. L. DOUGLAS
2.50, 3.00, 3.50 & 4.00 SHOES
WOMEN wmr Wl Tlwrnflm mA mfa I
aCaaaaa .urna amaBmmaab R . 1 AaSSaSa aVmWaSft
THE STANDARD OF QUALITY
FOR OVER 30 YEARS
Ttir i.ni.SMSsfsV inrtsrhhuTmTTT- f
DoucUb snoes hMBoos the world over u
rmswSBacd erery pm,
st BrocktoR, Mate' ad show yo how
would then tmarjentaad why ihey sre war
ranted to hold their shape, it better asd
wests ip i rimi any iw m i wi ewrsaepnee
RflaUfYRRBml aaSaVamReauaa faMaaa V W VsaaavRm)
If joe eaaaet ottata W. I DovglM Aom la
war un, wmafnr
frofltYa9Bf T wi
awer.au enariwa iiimii. w.t
WHY BE WEAKt
"Why suffer hackacho, headache,
dlzsteeae, weariless, mrinary Irregu
larities as other troubles that arise
from disordered kidneys? Doaa's.
Edaey Pills havo
e n r o d thousands.
John O. 8edain. Mo
desto, Cal., says: MI
was so weak I stag
gered like adrunken
man. I ran down in.
weight from 176 to
137 pounds. I had
practically no con
trol over the kidney
stocretloBB and the
palm in my back was
terrible. I becamo a
nerroas wreck and was given up-by
our best physicians. Like a drowsing
nui grasping at a straw I began sw
ing Doan's Kidney Pills and steadily
improved. la a few months' time I
was back at my old weight. Doan'b
Kidney Pills cured me and I give
them the entire credit"
Remember the name Doan's.
For sale by druggists and general
storekeepers everywhere. Price 50c
Foster-Mllbura Co.. Buffalo. N. T.
"You say I'm a liar, sir?"
"You claim that I'm a thief, sir?"
"Let's go into partnership. You get
the money and I will pay the taxes.
There are imitations, don't be fooled.
Ask for Lewis Single Binder agar, 5c.
Let ns return to nature, and her
veracities aad integrities.
If You Suffer
from a bad stomach,
inactive liver, consti
you should try
It is absolutely
pure, safe and reli
able and will always
do the work.
Try It Today
LIVE STOCK AND
IN GSKAT VARIETY
FOR, SALE cAT THE
LOWEST PRICES BY
WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION
Sa-531 W. Adas St Cblcaeo
Is Clogged Up
That's Why YaVre
Have No Appetite.
will put you ria
in a few days.
SMALL PHI, SHALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
Genuine must bear Signature
land and waturriabts. Open
to entry on Bis Wood
Hirer rroieet in tjomnem
Idaho. EOLSO hb arm In U
annual Installments. Amslo water nupplr guaran
teed. IbAUO IRRIGATION CO., HJeuScld. Main.
"tub asiilani mcbuaska
; FIOUl MI 11 FOR. SALE
I Write n. Z-snem-Uncoin.Nebnwka
W. N. U OMAHA, NO. 36-1911.
TYPEWRITERS ALL MAKES
lAntest stock, lowest pricoa. Reoiimrtons. JTJ,
8ml lb Premiers SIS, Chlcsco. fs. Underwood joS,
1C. Smith WO. Monarch !U. Uannsoml L k'osUL
Vnll Guarantee. 8nd fur Catalog .
! B. V. SW ANSON CO- 1316 lamam St, Omaha, Neb.
All Bakes 85 up. Over llM to se
lect from. Machines for rent. 3
aaoathsforlo. Write for list Ko.rO
T?MtM Erefcaqt. Cauka, Sm.
nitta BeYcnyearonucreHM Uiekof
It. It baa been built by itsrenu-
Address Bat. A. PURY EAR COUK EHCIAL
I OtUCSC 74S-74S W. Bramton. CmmII Buff, ta.
OMBVAIft at mm BOTS?
I I 1 Br B
KfilaX &. . T
BrrgEt" ,""2fii5j&s?' JL
M. Hrr: aRRmV
BRRRRRmWi feilC: 1.BrRRRRRRr1
BaWaWaWaWawal . aWaWawaWaWawawR
BwaWaWaWawawj x. BWavaWaWawaRVaR