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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1911)
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4 1 W I 't
Our New Department.
Under this head it is our purpose in
the future to conduct a part of a page
that will be of special interest to our
farmer readers. It will be noticed
that our material is clipped from some
of the leading agricultural journals in
this part of the country, but we do not
want to confine it to these clippings.
Farmres and anyone else who may be
interested are invited and requested to
send us communications for this depart
ment, as they will undoubtedly prove
both interesting and instructive read
We also ask our farmer friends to
be free with whatever criticisms they
may find to offer, and to make any
suggestions they may think will bet
ter the service in any way. We want
to localize this department as much as
possible, remembering always that we
live in central Nebraska, and that
Nebraska problems are the ones that
interest our readers the most.
Home Preservation Of Eggs.
As the moulting season comes, there
is a decline in thenumber of eggs
that go to the market and a corres
ponding increase in the price of fresh
eggs, especially as the weather grows
cooler and fewer spoiled eggs reach
the market. Many poor-quality eggs
are found to reach the markets in hot
weather as long as the railroads are
allowed to handle eggs they way the
do now. No matter how fresh they
go from the farm, fertile eggs will
not be good when they finally reach
the city markets if they have been
allowed to it for hours in the hot sun
on station platforms, or are carried in
hot freight cars that are equal to in
cubators. Hut that is getting away from the
subject of preserving eggs for winter
use. Few Hocks lay to amount to any
thing during the moulting season and
many do not finish the moult in time
to begin laying before cold weather
comes, so with plenty oT hens, many
farmers mlist either buy or go with
out eggs lor a while. It would pay
always to put down a few eggs in
waterglass for home consumption, if
not for sale, and there is no objection
to selling them if they are sold for
what they are preserved eggs. Of
all the methods of presrevation tried
at experiment stations only the lime
water and the waterglass methods
have proved satisfactory, and water
glass of the two is the preferred me
thod. Waterglass is a pale yellow, odor-le.-s.
sj'ruppy liquor made from solu
Tuesday, August 1 3
gB M aH H VvftJ
1 i.t 1. . .
IS MOTEL f
, 6 BIG ARENAS tmSmTSSU
ALL NEW UNIQUEanp NOVEL?
600 horses jjgSrz
y. 19R IXlfl f . v
XIhh Ibw mmM VV . f9.
OF THE AGE
2 TROUPES of TRAINED
til ' Ji ! w tmnnnmmumt j -yy fSjS tyi n.t
TICKETS ON SALE SHOW DAY AT
ble silicate of sodium. It may be
brought from most druggists at from
60 cents to $1 per gallon. For use,
stir one part of waterglass into eleven
parts of water that has been boiled
and cooled. It may be mixed hot,
but must be allowed to cool before us
ing. Only absolutely fresh, clean eggs
with good, firm shells should be pack
ed. The better way is to put eggs in
each day as gathered, leaving out any
that are soiled or cracked. Either
earthen or wooden ware may be used,
but the wood must be absolutely clean
and sweet. The vessel may be filled
until only about two inches of the so
lution may be seen at the top. The
vessel should be covered to keep out
dust and prevent evaporation. One
gallon of the waterglass as, bought,
will preserve 100 dozen eggs, making
the cost about ,1 cent per dozen.
Eggs gathered in cool weather will,
of course, keep cool best, but those
gathered in July and August may be
kept very well. See that they are
entirely cool before they are put in
the liquid. An egg that retains the
animal heat would be apt to spoil if
put in at once.
The lime water method is cheaper,
and more convenient in some cases.
Slake three pounds in a small amount
of water, then add the milk lime thus
formed to three gallons of water.
Keep the mixture well stirred for a
day, then allow the excess of lime to
settle and use only the clear liquid.
Vessels containing eggs inpresreva
tives should be kept in a cool, well
ventilated place, such as a good cellar
where they will be cool in hot weath
er and will not freeze in cold weath
er. In either of these solutions the eggs
may be put in from day to day, a few
at a time, and no farmer need be with
out practically fresh eggs during the
fall and winter when the hens go on
strike. Should the winter prove to
be an open one, and the hens keep up
the supply, these eggs may be sold for
little, if any, less than fresh egg
prices, so there is nothing to be lost
in any case and much to be gained by
insuring a supply of eggs for the win
ter. Try it. Nebraska Farmer.
The Farmers Balance Sheet.
Probably fanners have benefitted
more than any other great class in
this cycle of prosperity. In ten years,
according to the Bureau of Labor, the
price of farm products advanced sixty
live per cent, while the price of all
leading commodities, taken together.
1 ACHES F
V V r
m mmmm - .
750 WILD ANIMALS
OK A SPRIMC
- m. a
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advanced only twenty-one per cent.
According to the Department of
Agriculture, the farm value of an
acre of the chief crops increased
seventy-three per cent in a decade;
and a long table containing prices of
most of the articles which fanners
buy shows that with the proceeds of
one acre a farmer can buy fifty-four
per cent more of the things he com
monly uses than he could ten years
There is, however, another side to
the account. In 1895 the price of
metals had fallen twenty-five per cent
below the level of 1890; and the out
put of pig-iron the basic material
had decreased twenty-five per cent
also. As to other products, during
hard times the manufacturer simply
shut up shop, turned his labor adrift
and waited for better conditions not
that this wasn't the sensible thing for
him to do, but the farmer was not in
a position to do it. In 1896 the price
of farm products had fallen thirty-five
per cent below the level of 1891; but
the farmer was cultivating as many
acres and producing as many bushels
of grain as in the former year inci
dentally wearing his summer clothes
in winter, burning corn for fouel and
mortgaging himself up to the eye
brows to keep afloat. Broadly speak
ing, he has to keep his shop open and
stick to his job whether gets any
pay for it or not. Saturday Evening
Millions For Good Roads.
The good roads problem was brought
before the attention of congress dur
ing the past week by Senator Swan-
son, of Virginia, who urged an annual
appropriation of $20,000,000 for five
years to improve the post roads and
rural delivery routes of the country.
Senator Swanson explained that his
plan would open up more than 1,000, -000
miles of road to government aid.
His bill would create a road depart
ment consisting of engineers and cap
able officials to carry out the object,
which, because it deals only with post
roads, he contends, would not be un
constitutional. Speaking in behalf of his measure
Senator Swanson said:
"The federal government should
delay no longer extending to the- state
and local authorities generous aid for
road improvement. When the federal
government begins to bear its fair
share of the burden of improving pub
lic roads that day will work the be
ginning of the end of bad roads in this
nation. Our wealth is greater today
than that of any other nation; we have
become supreme in finance and fore
most in the world's commerce; we
surpass in money expended for prmary
and general education and milage of
railroads, navigable riversand improved
harbors; the story of our progress
reads more like romance than history.
Yet no other enlightened people in
the world are cursed with such a
wretched condition of roads, with more
than nine-tenths of the public roads
and highways in the United States
during rainy seasons almost imassable.
It is estimated that 90 per cent of our
internal commerce must first or last be
hauled over the public roads. The
(average haul of this vast commerce
over the public highways has been es
timated at a little more than nine
miles, averaging in cost twenty-three
cents per ton per mile against seven
cents in France and eleven cents in
England and Germany. Based on es
timates of good authorities improve
ment of main lines of the system of
roads in this country along methods
adopted abroad would save in hauling
more than 823,0000,00 annually to
the people of the United States.'
This sum of $230,0000,0 is what
Senator Swanson calls a mud tax paid
each year by Americans for hauling
their products over poor roads.
It is not considered ilkely that Sen
ator Swanson's bill will be adopted at
a very near session of congress, but
he has succeeded in giving publicity
to a cause which needs enthusiasm as
much as anything else. His bill and
his speech may result in members of
congress studying the subject of good
roads very carefully, possibly in order
to make political capital for them
selves out of it. Whatever the mo
tive, however, good can hardly fail to
result from the nation's lawmakers
bceoming petter posted on a subject
which is of prime importance to nine
tenths of the people of the nation.
Stocking Up After Hoe Cholera.
A Nebraska correspndent writes:
"We have just recovered from a
seige of hog cholera. The hogs and
cattle yard contain about four acres of
ground. The barns and sheds are in
these yards. The hogs have free
range of about 100 acres of pasture,
following the cattle. Would there be
any way of fumigating the yards?
How soon would it be advisable to
bring their hogs on Jthe place and
would vacination be a sure preven
tive?" There are three safe ways of stock
ing up after hog cholera. Stay out
of the hog business for a year; disin
fect pens, houses and feeding troughs
thoroughly and bring in new hogs af
ter a couple of months; or vacinate
by what is known as the simultaneous
method and bring in a new stock of
hogs at once. The most convenient
way of restocking after an outbreak
of hog cholera will generally be found
to disinfect the premises completely
and start in again after two or three
months' time. The method of doing
this is to thoroughly clean out all
straw and rubbish from the houses,
pens and feeding floors and then disin
fect with a strong solution of coal tar
dip, or corrosive sublimate, one part
to 1,000 parts of water. Disinfec
tion must be carried on especially
carefully around the troughs and feed
ing floors. It is well to follow dis
infection with a good coat of white
wash. If the hog houses are old and
likely to fall down anyway the safest
plan would be to burn them. Plough
ing the yards up or burning a layer of
straw on them is about all that is ne
cessary to disinfect them. The veter
inarians say that if the work of disin
fection is done properly, fresh hogs
may be brought on the place within
two or three weeks, but to be on the
safe side we would advise a delay of
two or three'months.
Hogs vacinated by what is known
as the simultaneous method are im
mune from cholera and may be brought
on the place with safety even while
the disease is still raging. Hog chol
era vacination should be done only by
a veterinarian who knows his busi
ness. Wallaces' Farmer.
Alfalfa On Potatoes.
We fear the potato crop will be a
failure on many farms this year on
account of the extended and severe
drouth. Many fanners who have suff
ered a failure in potatoes may want
to sow the field to alfalfa. Those
fields are usually near the build
ings and in the right place for alfalfa
as meadow or hog pasture.
We would suggest to our readers,
where the potato crop is an assured
faiure, that they have given in the
cultivation, of their potatoes about the
best preparation of the seed bed pos
sible for alfalfa. Every reader know
how luxuriant almost any kind of
crop grows after potatoes. This is
due sometimes to the fact farmers
select good, rich loamy soil for pota
toes, but not altogether. The luxuri
ant growth which potato land gives
is due to the thorongh cultivation of
the soil essential to the growing of
Therefore, where you know that
you are not going to get any jotatoe.s
worth while, or where they are the
early sort and have been dug, why
not give the land two or thre harrow
ings at intervals of about a week, and
seed the land to alfalfa? You will
never get a better seed bed than you
have there. Sow any time during the
last half of August. If you sow ear
lier than that, you may have weeds
to contend with, but at that time it is
too late for any great development of
weeds, and your land has been put in
about as good a condition as it will
Of misfortunes we may reap success.
If we cannot get a crop of potatoes,
we can at least got the benefit of the
cultivation we have given them by
sowing to alfalfa. If that is not de
sired, we can put in winter wheat and
then seed down to timothy and clover
the next spring. One of the great se
crets not only of farming, but of life,
is to fall on your feet when you do
fall, in other word?, to pluck the flow
er of safety from the nettle of dan
ger, or in still other wonls, to save
what you can out of the wreck ami
make the most out of it. To do this
requires a quick eye, steady nerve and
prompt action. --Wallaces' Fanner.
When sorghum, kattir corn or re
lated crops are suddenly checked in
their growth, before maturity, by dry,
clear weather, the plants become
dangerous for pasturage. The reason
for this is that there is in sorghum,
Kafiir corn and kindred plants a kind of
sugar that is capable of being broken
down into simpler compounds, one
of which is the deadly Prusic acid, and
this breaking down process occurs
whenever the plants are checked in
their growth by the causes we have
mentioned. For some years it was
thought that only second growth plants
were poisonous but now it is known
that the poison may develop in the
standing plants whenever they are
stunted by dry weather.
Last fall in the writing about this
we suggested that the hay from such
stunted plants would also be danger
ous, but Dr. F. J. Alway, chemist at
the Nebraska Experiment Station, in
forms us that such is not the case.
He says no instances are on record
where cattle or other animals have
died from eating sorghum hay made
from stunted plants. Apparently the
curing process causes a reaction in the
plant juices that changes he Prusic
acid of harmless compounds. But
such plans used for pasture are deadly.
In Nebraska this year there are many
localities where the sorghum and re
lated crops are very much stunted by
dry weather, and reiorts are coming
from here nad there of sorghum poi
soning. We wish to warn our read
ers against allowing animals of any
kind to pasture on stunted sorghum,
kaffir corn or plants of that nature.
If you must feed it to them now, cut
and allow it to cure before feeding.
The poison works rapidly, but in
case animals are taken in time there is
hope of doing something by giving
large doses of corn syrup such as is
bought for table use. Large quanti
ties of milk may be used with good
effect, too although the glucose of
corn syrup treatment is most effec
tive. The better plan is to use pre
vention rather than to be forced to re
sort to cure. That means that cattle
and other animals should be kept
away from stunted sorghum and re
lated crops as they would be kept
I away from arsenic Nebraska Farm-'er.
NO REASON FOR IT
When Columbus Citizens Show the
There can be no just reason why any
reader of this will continue to suffer
the tortures of an aching back, the an
noyance of urinary disorders, the dan
gers of serious kidney ills when relief
is so near at hand and the most posi
tive proof given that these ills can be
cured. Read what a Columbus citizen
Mrs. C. A. Beardsley,. 1710 Olive
St., Columbus, Nebraska, says: "In
July, 1907, I gave a public statement
in praise of Doan's Kidney Pills, say
ing that a member of my family who
had suffered from lame back and disor
dered kidneys had used this remedy
with marked success. For some time
he had been troubled with sharp pains
in the sides and loins and no doubt,
the misery was caused by a strain.
Doan's Kidney Pills proocured at Pol
lock & Co. 's. Drug store, proved to
be just the remedy that was needed
and it did not take them long to bring
relief. He has taken Doan's Kidney
Pills since then and they have always
proven effective. I, too, have used
Doan's Kidney Pills and think very
highly of them."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the United
Remember the name Doan's and
take no other.
Dr. H. . Arnold, office on ground
floor. Meridian hotel annex.
Sealed buN will lie received at the office of
Ihe County .luitaeof Platte county. Nebraska,
at Columbus, on or before I- o'clock noou of
Auvu.nI ilbi. It'll, for the grading and improi-e-niciit
of the following described roads of
l'lattc county, to -wit:
Commencing at the southeast corner of the
rioutbwoUiuarterof the Southwest quarter.
Section IS. Towutuip ) north. Ilane 1 east
and running east one and one-quarter miles.
Al commencing at the southeast corner
Section IS. Township iu north. Range 1 cast
and niimliiL' south about lflm foet. Also com
mencing near the southwest corner of the J
Northwest "uartcroi me aoriuwesi quarter.
Section IS. Township 31 north, Kange I east
and running north about ITiwfeet. Also com
mencing at the northwest corner or Section
Is, Towuhip 31 north. Kange 1 east and run
ning est one-half mile, according to the plans
jimtlles. sketches and specifications on Hie at
theoiliceof the County Clerk of said county.
The successful bidder is required to give good
and sutlicient bond for the faithful perform
ance of hN contract.
The Hoard of Suerlors reserves the right
to reject any and all bids.
I5v order ol the Hoard of Supervisors.
Hated at Columbus, Nebraska, this 19th day
of July, I'.n I.
NOTICE PROBATE OF WIL.U
In the County Court of Platte county, Ne
braska. ,. .
Notice probate of will of Sylra A. Mahaffey.
The State of Ncbraka to the heirs and next
or kin of said Sylva A. Mahaffey. deceased:
Take notice, that ujwn tiling or a written
it struiueiit puriwrtint; to be the last will and
testament of Sylva A. MahatTey for probate
and allowance, it is ordered that said matter
Iw set for hearing the lluh day of AnKust, A.
I. 1U1I. bcrorc said county court, at the hour
of 10 o'clock a. in., at which time any person
interested may appear and contest the same:
and due notice of this proceeding is ordered
published throe weeks successively in the
Columbus Tribune-Journal, a weekly and legal
newspaper printed, published and of general
circulation in said county and slate.
In testiuiouv whereof. I have hereunto set
inv hand and olllciul seal at Columbus this -"tilh
da"v of Julv. A. D-. 1911.
sEAi- County Judge.
Many a Suffering Woman
Drags herself through her daily
tasks, suffering from backaches, head
ache, nervousness, loss of appetite and
poor sleep, not knowing that her ills
are due to kidney and bladder trou
bles. Foley's Kidney Pills give quick
releaf from pain and misery and a
prompt return to health and strength.
No woman who so suffers can afford to
overlook Foley Kidney Pills. For
sale by all druggists.
I MID SUMMER CLEARING SALE
During this SUMMER CLEARING SALE we
will make special prices on all Summer
Goods throughout the entire stock.
It Will Pay
Reduced prices on all Summer Wash Dress Goods, Ladies Muslin g
Underwear, Ladies White Waists, Ohildrens and Ladies Wash SS
Dresses and Wrappers, Ladies Coats and Tailor Made Suits
Laces and Embroideries. X
I J. H. GALLEY,
X 505 Eleventh Street COLUMBUS, NEBR. gg
YOU WILL, ENDORSE
our Savings Bank, because our financial condition is satisfactory in every
way, and because your deposit is given the protection under the Nebraska
Law, of the
DEPOSITOR'S GUARANTY FUND
Remember, the guaranty of bank deposits is now in force in Nebraska
and you have the protection of that law when you deposte your money in
THE HOME SAVINGS BANK
Open Saturday evenings until eight o'clock. G. W. PHILLIPS, Cashier
THERE IS PLENTY OF WATER
Big Horn Basin and Yellowstone Valley
All of the rivers and irrigation canals are now running bank full.
Tho oriior ha inat returned from an extended inspection trip through the
Big Horn Basin and Yellowstone Valley,
all the water they can use for irrigation;
OPPORTUNITY FOR INVESTMENT. Money invested in Government
Irrigated lands, Carey Act lands, or deeded lands in the Big Morn uasin, ac
present prices is sure to bring large returns for the reason that the fanners
of this country are beginning to understand that the Basin and Yellowstone
Valley have an ample water supply and that the water comes down from
the mountains just at the time when it is needed for irrigation.
PERSONALLY CONDUCTED EXCURSIONS
ro,,A .;!. mo An nn nf mir neraAiallv conducted excursions, first and third
Tuesdays, and let me show you the crops that follow a reliable water supply.
Write today for our new folder telling all about these lands. It is free.
D. Clem Deaver, Immigration Agent,
1004 Farnam Street, Omaha, Neb.
Most merchants and professional men take
long summer vacations, using the long distance
lines of the Bell System to keep a watchful eye
on the progress of their business affairs.
Bell Telephone Service not only reaches
more than 50,000 cities and towns in every state,
but extends to farm houses and ranches in all
parts of the country.
OF ALL SUMMER
And Continuing' One
You to Attend This Sale
where he found that the farmers have
crops are accordingly very fine.
Nebraska Telephone Co,
C. I. MARTZ, Commercial Mgr.