The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, April 12, 1911, Image 4

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CJDohuntms gouroaL
. olimu. Nobr.
Consolidat.Hl with tho Colnmbns Times April
1 1901; willi tho Matte County Arns January
l,lH.
w,iit-r. m tli.. loftrti,.M.rolarab3.Nrtr..M
. .,"find-5lr.M mail nint'T.
IBEJIS Or sTBbOEirTIO
Oboynr, by u-ftll. vcto prepaid tt.50
.Jix month ...- ..........
r .- nioutht -- . ... ..... - -40
WEDNESDAY. Al'KH, 12. U'll.
8TKOTHKK & COMl'ANY. Proprietors.
BfcrJEWALS The data opposite your nwne oa
ronr papr. or wrapper Bhowe to what time your
ubecription is paid. Thus JanOT thows that
payment ku boon received r.p io Jan. i, iw.
FebW to Fob. 1, 1M55 nt whcn PaJnt
!p made, the onte. which nfw as h receipt,
will b chawed accordingly.
DiBCONTINUASCES-ltefpouelhta Bobicrib
rc will continno to receivo thin jonrnal until the
pnblUheware notified by letter to discontinue,
when all arrrairH- . -it be pai.1. If yon do not
wieh tho Jonrnal coatir-? 'or another yonr af
ter the time paid for "h expired, yoa ihould
preTiooaly notify ns to 0 continue it.
CHANGE IS ADDUESS-When orderia a
ahange in the nildreea.anbpcribnre should be sore
to el their old as well rb their new addreM.
NOT A DEAD ONE.
The newspajier jokcsniiths like to
insist that Mr. Bryan is down among
the dead men, and some writers who
are not frivolous argue the same way.
Mr. Bryan has been rebuked a good
many times recently, and he received
the worst kind of a turning down in his
own state this year, but he still goes
his way buoyantly, the favorite offer
ing of the lyceum bureaus, and the an
cient sacrifice whenever presidential
timber is beiug considered.
He says positively that he never
will be a candidate for the presidency,
but he will remain in polities, fso
long as Mr. Bryan remains in polities
he will expect to be the lud voice,
and it is evident that then" are state.
man of hi.s p:.tty who are willing he
should retain his .supremacy.
There is now in progress among de
mocratic senators of the progressive
sort a well ordered scheme to deprive
Bailey of such leadership as he would
assume. Mr. Bailey has made a spec
tacle of himself upon numerous occa
sions recently, ami his fervid defense
of'Lorimer made many of his collea
gues distinctly weary. Their weari
ness was increased when he made he
made his grandstand play of resigning
and they have come to the conclusion
that it will be wise to dump him ami
are making plan3 to that end. The
Washington story treating of this in
cident says that in choosing a new
leader the democrats will he influenced
much by Mr. Bryan.
So there you are. A man who can
sit in his farm house at Fairview and
pull wires for the purification of poli
tics at Washington isn't a dead one by
a lung distance.
While he intends to break loose
from the habit of running for the pre
sidency, Mr. Bryan evidently expects
to have a lot to say as to who shall
and who shall not make the race. In
the current issucoftheCommot.er, the
ex-peerless says.
"Some weeks ago four names were
mentioned, and questions which have
been asked concerning them have been
answered. Some of the eastern pajwrs
at once reported that Mr. Bryan had
declared the four gentlemen named to
bo available candidates. More tc
ceutly the Commoner has referred to
difierent public men in connection with
their official work. It might be well
understood now as later that commen
dation of particular acts does not ne
cessarily mean that the parties are
available as presidential candidates or
that their nomination would be desir
able. Mr. Bryan is not prepared to
express an opinion jet as to which one
of the many gentlemen named would
be the niostavailahle, but that iheCom
nioncr may be free to commend such
acts of Governor Harmon's administra
tion that seem worthy for commenda
tion, it is now stated for the benefit of
the readers that the (.immotier does
not consider Governor Harmon as an
available man for the democratic no
mination, for reasons that will be
given when the discussion of the sub
ject seems proper."
If that doesn't sound like a ukase
handed down from the throne room of
the czar, it is difficult to classify it.
If Mr. Bayan can wave Senator
Bailey into outer darkness with one
motion of the hand, and consign Gov
ernor Harmon to oblivion with anoth
er, it evidently is a waste of sympathy
to condole with him upon the political
misfortunes he has suffered in the past
two or three years Emporia Gazette.
-- i
A HOUSE FROM ONE TREE.
The town of Elma, Wash., in the
midst of the great fir timber belt on
the west slope of the Cascade Moun
tains, presents a unique feature in the
form of a 2 story house, containing
fourteen rooms, built entirely of the
timber from a single fir. This tree
was a giant Douglas and was felled
west of Ema. It was wonderfully
straight and, when scaled, was fouud
to contain forty thousand feet of ser
viceable timber. The tree was cut
into six logs, the first, or butt, being
twenty-eight feet in length. Inside
the bark the stump measured seven
feet and nine inches in diameter. The
distance to the first limb of this tree
was one hundred feet, and the total
heicht of the tree was over three bun
dred feet. At the standard price then
prevailing S2-5a thousand the lum
ber in this tree was worth more than
SI, 000. Harper's Weekly.
SAYS THE FARMER IS THE
GOAT.
At the Publicity Club's reciprocity
dinner Thursday night, P. V. Collins,
editor of The Northwester Agricul
turist, atteiupted to introduce a re
solution protesting agaiust reciprocity
which did not. affect the manufacturer
as well as the fanner. He did not
have an opportunity to express him
self as fully as he desired and accord
ingly he issued today the following
formal statement:
In Mr. James J. Hill's arguments in
behalf of the Tali reciprocity with
Canada, he conceded that he spoke as
a free-Trader, for he had never been a
dycdin-tlie wool Protectionist. Nine
out of ten who stand with him must
make the same confession.
From the stand point of tho bug haul
Mr. Hill's position is readily compre
hended. He is a trar.sportationist, not
a Protectionist. He argued that
Tariff does not protect prices anyhow,
:ts witness the fact that barley is sold
at forty-five cents in those states where
barley is produced ami sixty cents in a
in a t:ite where they have no barley
for tie. but must import all their
b-:i .y. Hun, he argued, since there
i- no tariff between those states, Tariff
does not s.fleet prices. !!- defied ans
wer to his argument; it answers itself.
Next he concludes, in spite 'of his
barley argument, that reciprocity
with Canada will lower the price of
farm products in the Northwestern
states, and thus injure our farmers,
but his answer to his own concession is
that our farmers know so little about
gooil fanning that they don't deserve
protection.
lie proves the blessedness (?)ofFree
Trade on agriculture, but the engineers
of his meeting were prompt to smother
a motion, by me, to extend the bless
ings f Frte Trade with Canada on
everything, so as t be consistent. If
it i- jiod sauce for Tie goose the
iii'-mer why not equally good for the
gander the manufacturer?
Mr. Hill quoted official statistics
proving that ifi 1840 72 per cent, of
our nopulii'i n were agriculturists and
now only '-V1. Vet as a stimulus for
the popular 'back to the farm" cry,
he proposes to open competition for
American farmers with the occupants
of the cheaper, newer lauds of Canada.
Mr. Hill, Publicity Club of Minnea
polis ami milers, all this Free Trade
attack on the agricultural producers
of the Northwest may seem right and
easy, here iu the Mill City, but I have
been in close touch with Northwestern
farmers for twenty years or more and
I am neither the "ignoramus nor the
demagogue" into which two classes Mr.
Hill courteously consign' all who
stand for agriculture against this out
rageous schedule. I register on be
half of Northwestern farmers my ear
nest protest against this wanton attack
on our farmers-. Even Mr. Hill, with
all of his great in toreM." in transport
ing Canadian crops, defends the treaty
only from the standpoint of a Free
Trader. I am an American not a
Free-Trader.
You can smother an amendment
intended to expose the absurd inconsis
tencies of Free-Trade for farmers with
Protection to manufacturers you can
smother it in a biased assembly, but
you cannot smother the voice of North
western fannesr at the polls. Norare
our farmers either ignoramuses or de
magogues. This is more than a party question.
I honestly believe in the Mclvinlcy
Blaiue reciprocity principle, but this
is not reciprocity, it is a Free Trade
betrayal of agriculture for the further
upholding of transportation interests,
at farmers' expense.
There was not a single argument
presented by Mr. Hill in behalf of
Free-Trade on farm praducis, which
would not be just as logical if applied
to every kind of m icufactured article
in trade between Canada and the
United Stales.
Why in the name of justice and
equity, the square deal and common
sense, must the American farmer be
the last to be directly benefited by a
Protective Tariff and the first to loose
that Protection, and be forever and
always the goat. Minneapolis Daily
News.
If the Democrats have their way at
the coming session of Congress the
people of the United Slates will soon
begin to take an interest in the world
'Mumping," so much used in England,
and study its its application to condi
tions likely to be created iu this coun
try by Tarifi legislation which will
give foreign products easy access to our
markets. San Francisco Chronicle.
A REPUBLIC OF PUBLIC
OPINION.
"With public opinion," said Abra
hm Lincoln, "everything is possible."
Charles Summer said, "Anything
for human rights is constitutional."
"There is a law higher than the
Constitution," said William H. Se
ward. The words of these illustrious gen
tlemen are quoted in .the hopeful be
lief that sentiments expressed by them
will not be regarded as unpatriotic, as
anarchistic, or as disrespectful of the
abje and historic document called the
Constitution. In fact, these great
citizens gave the Constitution a solid
dignity which is not maintained to it
by many of its self-appointed defend
ers. These latter seem to believe that
the Constitution has precious little
do with a government of the coplc,
by the people, for the icoplc.
This, then, is a government of pub
lic opinion, in spite of the fact that it
has a written organic law. The hope
less doctrine that, no matter what the
people need or how badly they need
it, they cannot have if. if it is "against
the Constitution" is merely a bogey
niau. It is a powerful bogey man, to
be sure; and it holds things back; but
it has nothing like the power which
Tories in temperameut would ascribe
to it.
To illustrate the flexibility of the
American republic one or two ex
amples of progress may be enumerated
and some continuously vorking prin
ciples of progress may lie indicated.
The Oregon law for the nomination
and election of United States senators
is, as Mr. William Allen White said
recently in a Kansas City address, in
"defiance" of, or in circumvention of,
the United States Constitution. That
fundamental lv places with state
legislatures the elections of senators,
while the Oregou law in effect places
the selection with the eople. Yet
the law is constitutional because it
docs not assume to eouij el the legisla
tors to do what the voters direct. The
legislative members are given the first
option of pledging themselves to follow
the popular choice, or not to make
that pledge, and they arc given the
second option to keep or break the
pledge if they give it. The reliance
is solely upon public opinion, working
outside of or above the organic law;
but not against it.
That this conference iu the ruling
force of the people's wishes is well
founded has been demonstrated many
times over in the election of presidents.
The Constitution places that election
with the electoral college, ami there
it resides today. But the people long
since made the electors merely mes
sengers by state groupings to convey
the record of their will to the respec
tive state capitals and then on to
Washington. The people's action is
merely advisory, but it has all the
force of a constitutional mandate.
For a more general rule it may be
observed that what the Constitution is
is whatever the ruling interpretation
of the Constitution is. There can be
no doubt that what is constitutional
one period is unconstitutional at an
other (leriod, and vice versa. There
can be no doubt of it, because the
clastic, fact has been proved. The
national income tax was constitutional
once. It is unconstitutional today.
It may be constitutional again the
next time the court considers it. Anil
this without any intervening amend
ment of the Constitution.
The instance is cited not to show
disrespect for the court, but with the
exactly contrary purpose of showing
the respect which is due to American
institutions of which the courts con
stitute one important factor. Those
institutions command respect and pa
triotic affection because they have the
strength to meet the facts of life and
development. The republic will not
have to go to pieces because the "pcr
petuity" of its framework is the per
petuity of an immovable stump. Its
assurance of living is that
"With public opinion everything is
possible." Kansas City Star.
Congressman Hanna delivered a
speech in Congress in opposition to the
Reciprocity treaty in which he showed
the markets on the :lst of December,
1010, at Portal to be on wheat, 8oc,
and at North Portal in Canada, 75c;
barley was b'.'Jc at Portal and ooc in
North Portal; flax wasS2.3.Jin Portal
and 8I.!) in North Portal. This will
be seen to be considerable difference
favoring thef North Dakota man.
These two towns join each other, so the
Tariff must be admitted to be the cause
of the differnce. Can we afford, as
farmers, to wipe out this Tariff differ
ence? Can we afford to trade a mar
ket of ninety millions of people for a
market of eight millions, and if we did
would that be reciprocity? Let every
farmer write a protest to each member
of Congress. Let us give our mem
bers something to work with. If we
do not loudly protest we are not trying
to help ourselves, and if we make no
effort to help ourselves, we do not de
serve to be helped. Pla&k (N. D.)
Pioneer.
NEW BLOOD IN CONGRESS.
It is the opinion of a prominent
member of congress from New Eng
land long in service at Washington
that the couutry has seen the last of
men in congress of a service of thirty
years and more and probably also, at
least for some time, of men who have
served incongress twenty years. The
trend, in his judgment, is against long
service. Elections are now consider
ably affected by meaus of direct pri
maries, and people seem tickle, and the
best of men in congress are consequen
tly apt to be toppled over by some
newcomer who chances to charm the
majority of the voters.
Ac if !: ninti in iinnriM MMIll IlllVft
record of twentv vears or more are
few in number. And not a few of
these are retiring, in some cases driven
out of public life by popular clamor.
Senator Hale of Maine is complet
ing his thirthieth year in the senate.
Previously he served six years in the
house of representatives. In the
public life of Washington he will, on
March 1, have been thirty-six years.
Senator Fyre of Maine will also
this year complete thirty years of
service in the senate.
Scualor Aldrich will retire from the
senate iu bis thirtieth year. He was
additionally two years in the house of
representatives. Senator Cullum is
completing his twenty-eighth year in
senate, but he can point to a service in
congress father back then any other
member, having been a mcmlicr of the
house in 1861.
Senator Galliugcr of New Hamp
shire will complete twenty years of
service in the senate, but he had
already, when chosen senator in 1801,
served four years u the house.
In the house, Speaker Cannon can
show service goiug back to 187:, or
thirty-six years back, but two years
will have to be deducted from the
continuity, for he missed one congress,
suffering defeat in the democratic tidal
wave of 1800. The service of Repre
sentative Bingham of Pennsylvania,
called the "Father of the House,"
because he has seen longer continuous
service thau any other man in it,
harks back to 187!), while Representa
tive Payne of New York, chairman of
the ways and means committee, goes
as far back as 188. Representative
Dalzell of Pennsylvania first came to
congress in 1887, or twenty-four years
ago, and Representative Jones of
Virginia has a record of twenty years
of service in the house. All other
congressmen report a service of less
than twenty years. Representative
Bartholt of Missouri, Cooper of Wis
consin, Gardner of New Jersey; Gillett
and McCall of Massachusetts and
Loudenslagcr of New Jersey have
been elected to another term, and so
will by BH.'J have completed twenty
years in the house. Of those who
begau coming to the house in 180"
only nine will remain.
Judgment here is that more and
more the 6euatc and the house is be
coming an assemblage of fresh men,
and that this trend will become eveu
more pronounced in the years ahead.
Boston Advertiser.
BEER AND BULLION.
As was expected, some editorial fits
have been throwu concerning the re
cent three-ring golden wedding cere
mony staged by Adolphus Bush and
family in their palatial California
home. Yet there is no use attempting
to paint Busch as a deep criminal,
who has builded a fortune on ruiucd
homes, drunkards' graves and fallen
women. It may be that there is more
or less stigma against the beer busi
ness iu this country, although the
action of Taft and T. R. in scudiug
golden offerings to the beer kings
wouldn't indicate that it had reached
the very highest political circles.
But, however that may be, Busch is a
German, and there is no doubt of the
social aud moral staudiug of his busi
ness in the land of his nativity.
Even the honorable kaiser remember
ed him on this auspicious occasion,
and beer drinking is one of the most
popular pastimes of the fatherland,
so, doubtless, Busch believes he is all
right, which helps some in these days
of more or less hypocrisy and frenzied
finance. There is also something to
be said in favor of beer as a temper
ance drink, although Carrie Nation
may throw a fit at the mere suggestion.
Not that anyone needs beer, or that it
is benficial, an halucination long since
exploded, but which is dragged in by
the brewery advertisers, and the man
who requires an excuse with his suds;
not that at all, but there are many
people who insist on some alcoholic
stimulant, and arc going to have it if
they have to drink squirrel whisky in
the back stall ofa livery barn. Beer
easily accessible is a benefit to them,
just as it was to the army in the days
of the canteen. So there is no reason
for counting Busch a lowbrowed des
perado. His solid gold, diamond
studded celebration may suggest a
vainglorious fool. But just remember
that the fortune he spent so lavishly
in celebrating the fiftieth lap in
double harness was largely contribut
ed by other fools who were so much
worse they didn't get auy thing out of
it but unhealthy fat aud a headache,
so.there is no use of selecting Busch
out of so vast an array for the goat.
As a matter of fact, he is smarter than
most of them, and, doubtless, better
than some who paid him tribute.
Atchison Globe.
'When the extra session meets, in
April next, some Southern Congress-
mien may find themselves ombrassed as
V .i . -..r. i a, .i t ....r.:
xo me auuuuc io ikc ou jjuuimuuu
sugar, Alabama iron aud Georgia lum
ber. In the past these industries have
been given Protection by Republican
votes. Soou the Democrats will have
to attend to that matter for themsel
ves. San Francisco Chronicle.
If reciprocity is a step toward Free
Trade, Uncle Sam will just have to
back up, that's all. Aud he will back
up quick, regardless of all the theorems
of Tariff reformers and college dream
ers. Hard times will compel him to.
Enid, (.Okla.) Events.
THERE'S NO PLACE LIKE HOME
Dog Walks 140 Miles to Reach Favor
Its Spot Behind Butcher
Shop Stove.
If you've ever felt tho pangs of
homesickness and havo longed for tho
quiet of a small town In contrast to
the hustle and bustle of a big city
your sympathy will go out to Dewey,
a white bulldog who, pining for his
personal soft spot behind a meat mar
ket stove in La Crosse, Wis., walked
the entlro distance from St. Paul to
that city.
A letter from La Crosse tells of the
arrival there of the dog. which is the
property of Oscar naum, a St. Paul
meatcutter, who formerly lived In
tho Wisconsin city.
Dewey is now sleeping behind the
stove in the meat market in La
Crosse, which his master formerly
owned. Although Mr. Baum brought
the dog to St. Paul In tho express car
of a fast limited train and offered him
all kinds of inducements and delica
cies not to be had in a small town.
Dewey was not happy.
Ho ran away and appeared unex
pected at his old home. Wagging his
short tail furiously, he scratched and
whined for admittance.
The 140 miles ho had tramped had
made him footsore and weary. His
tongue was hanging far out of his
mouth and he was panting. Dewey's
eyes were bright, however, and ho
was not too tired to yawn in a friend
ly manner at his old trusted friend,
tho market cat.
When his master telephoned from
St. Paul that he would go to I-i
Cross to get him tho saunt little
lighting pet was sleeping the peaceful
sleep of tho weary- Between hla
paws was a discarded bone, and tho
satisfied grin on his battle-scarred
face told more plainly than words that
he preferred a meager bone In La
Crosso to porterhouse steak in St.
Paul.
DRUGGIST, THE MEANEST MAN
Woman Shopper Finds Many Things
to Complain of In Drug
Store.
"Give mo a two-cent stamp, please.
Here's a ten-dollar bill it's tho small
est I have what, haven't you any
more convenient change than all that
silver? I can't carry that about with
me. Well, the idea! Are you sup
posed to be running a drug store, or
what? Let me use your telephone.
No free "phone? Well, this Is tho
jumping off place. I must say. If I
havo to drop a nickel In 111 havo to
havo change please give me cbango
for this five-dollar bill.
"Well, they don't answer. Of all
the service! Is there a city directory
here? Where? For goodness sake,
this is last year's directory haven't
you a new one? Huh! Give mo a lit
tle piece of licorice root for tho baby
to bite on. Why. this seems wormy
haven't you a smooth piece? How do
you sell your magazines? Xo. I don't
want to buy one we subscribe for all
the good ones, and you don't seem to
have those. Ill Just read this ono
while I'm waiting for a friend. O. and
pleaso give me a wide-mouthed bottle,
holding about so much. What five
cents? You don't mean to tell mo
that you charge for empty bottles? I
know, but when a person has been
shopping all over your store, it seems
io me you might bo a little accom
modating about little things like
Baby! Put that thermometer down
throw it down at once! It might
poison you. There I'm glad it was
only a cheap thing, or you might have
wanted me to pay for It because she
smashed It. Thank goodness, there's
my car! Will you please hold the
door open till w get out?"
The Absurdity of Overwork.
Dr. C. Hutchinson Eely, the brain ex
pert of Duluth, was discussing the new
uberculln euro for progressive paraly
sis, a malady common to brain work
ers. "Tuberculin has cured a third of the
cases it has been tried on," he said.
"Hence It may be called a pretty good
cure. But a better cure for the diseases
due to overwork is rest."
Dr. Hutchinson Eely thumped the ta
ble vigorously.
"When a professional man tells me
he is too busy to take a rest," be cried,
"I tell him he Is like a workman who
Is too busy to sharpen his tools?'
Designs Grand Staircase.
Miss Fay Kellogg is a New York
girl who has great skill as an archi
tect She designed the scheme for
the grand staircase of the Hall of
Records in New York, which is re
garded as a very good example of
architectural beauty.
ROYAL
BAKING
MAKES HOME
BMlPJfc.'i'-" . '-sl
KPSill
nmMBjorWc?:..W.fJBM
mBamKC&aannyvjnajanaj
MMpjBMI
and wholesome faaa the ready
made found at the shop or grocery.
nm Ci
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NEW YORK.
Memorial to Famous Women.
The lady chapel of the now Liver
pool cathedral, which is to be open
next summer, has a scheme of beauti
ful stained glass windows commemora
tive of tho noble deeds of good wom
en. Besides the famous women of the
Bible tho following are commemora
ted: Dr. Alicia Marvel nnd all who
have laid down their lives for their
sisters, Graco Darling and all coura
geous maidens. Josephine Butler and
all bravo champions of purity. Mary
Collet and all prayerful women, Lou
ise Stewart and all the noble army of
martyrs. Christlno Rosetti and all
sweet singers. Catherine Gladstone
and all loyal-hearted wives, Elizabeth
Barrett Browning and all women who
have seen tho infinite in things, An
gela Burdcttc-Coutts and all women
almoners of tho king of heaven. Moth
er Cccllo and all women loving and
large hearted in counsel.
New Zealand "Tattooed Rocks."
Mr. Clement Wragge who has In
spected what are known as tho "tat
tooed rocks." on tho coast near Rag
lan, New Zealand, is distinctly of opin
ion that they are tho work of neither
Tamil nor Maori, but aro the inscrip
tions of a very ancient rare of sun
worship people, antedating tho advent
of the Maori by untold centuries. Tho
spiral circle, ovals, crosses and
squares, ho says, are most significant,
and confirm his opinion that New Zea
land has been inhabited by early man.
Ho considers the inscriptions are
probably connected with those at
Easter Island and Central and South
America, and aro Atlantean or Le
murian In origin; further, that the
Maori copied the spiral from the
relics of ancient people, and did not
Initiate It.
Go Somewhere This Summer
TO THE EAST: In due sHon attractive tourist rates will be anuounccd to
the l.:ike unil Si. Lawrence regions, Atlantic Coast cities anil resorts. Cau
we help you plan an Eusteru tour?
OR IF YOU PREFER THE WEST, think uliunt thuraonntaiii climate and
scenery of Colorado, the Big Horn region, or u tour through Yellowstone Park;
tliero are circuit tours embracing Scenic Colorado, Hull Lake, Yellowstone Park
and the Uis Horn Mountains. nil in one journey. Perhaps you can take this
summer that long wished for journey to the Pacific Coast, embracing by diverse
routis the entire West and Northwest regions. A summer lour, whether through
the Eust or through the West, bus become to many u necessity, while railroad
unil hotel facilities make it u diverting nnd enjoyable experience. There are no
tours in the world that offer the traveler ho iiukjIi for his money.
Get in touch with us. Let us help you plan your journey and provide you
with freo ikbcriptivo publications ns soon hh received fnim the printer.
Hqb
Old Books
Rebound
In iact, for anything in tbc book
binding line bring yonr work to
Journal Office
Pbone 184
POWDER
BAKING EASY
Light Biscuit
Delicious Cake
Dainty Pastries
Fine Puddings
Flaky Crusts
aad the loot Is User,
more tasty, cleauy
FINE TREES IN PALESTINE
Eucalyptus, Fig, Olive and Orange
Flourish Among the Rocks on
Its Chalk Hills.
Palestine Is exceptionally fitted for
forestry. On its sand surfaces as on
Its chalk hills trees flourish and fruit
in an extraordinarily Bhort time. Eu
calyptuses, for example. In three or
four years reach a height and girth
which elsewhere require eight or ten.
and when cut off at a height of two
meters develop to full trees again. It
is a common thing to find great olive
and fig trees growing among tho rocks.
The best oranges on the European mar-
L-rf nro frnm thn lnml which Is Sand
j yet fetches now the highest price for
orange culture. Indeed, there is a Jest
ing phrase among Jewish colonists as.
to Palestinian fertility: "If you but
stick an umbrella In tho soil you will
next year get a crop of them." Tho
orange trees aro especially profitable,
as they fruit two months before those
nf Italy and Spain, giving tho advan
tage to Jewish shippers. Jewish nurs
erymen arc developing marked skill in
grafting. Orange culture has now
spread from the coast !nto Samaria.
But the olive forstry is most promis
ing. By 1912 tho Jewish people will
own in Palestino some 60,000 olive and
fruit trees.
NOTK'K 'TO rONTUACTOKS.
Hiatal irihnl will l" r-c'itl by tho 8ecn
tury f t'" linriiif l&ltitration f tho city of
ColnmhUH. Nelnwka. ou or Ix-forn iW - m..
Airil 2!. WII. Tor lli" rrair ami nMerntJou of
tlio ("olumliUH Iliuh m-IimiI linililintc-
l'rox;iM ti b riuiiiIwl intit l" ncnmi
linuicriliy a certified clicck f.mil to thrw ixt
c'iit of tho lil.
Man nuil Hiiecificatioun for inl work niny l
hmu at theotticoof Wanlcmau& tiralx. Arcln
ti'oto, Colmnhns, Nebraska.
Tim ISoanl rwHTVwitlio ricM to rejert any ami
all bids. Ha. K. II. Naiimann.
1JI Hocretary.
b. F. RE6T0R, Ticket Agent
Columbus. Nebr.
I.. W. WftKtLBY. Gnn'l. Passunocr flo.""1. Omaha. Neer
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