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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 29, 1911)
Consolidated with the OolnmbuB Timee April
1, 1KW; with tlic Platte County Argus January
Kr.iril it t ho Poatofilco. Colnrobnt. Kbr..
.i.'-'ODJl-rlaas mull mattrr
TBK or flCBSOBIRIOB :
One year, by mail, poatacaprapoid ....VLM
Six moatha .71
Three moaths .48
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 29. 1311.
STHOTHER & COMPANY. Proprietors.
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CHANGE IN ADIMESS-When orderins a
a hangs in the address, subscribers should be sare
to ie their old aa wrllas their new address.
THE POLITICAL EFFECT.
Writing on behalf of the farmers in
opposition to the reciprocity bill, Mr.
S. M. Wallace of Clay Center puts the
following smoke in the public pipe:
From a political standpoint it has
been asked, where will the protection
ist go since the democrats also are
divided on the question of protection?
Speaking for myself nnd voicing the
sentiments expressed by every well
informed farmer with whom I have
talked upon this subject, democrat or
republican, we will throw aside the
political affiliations of years and go to
the free trade wing of the democratic
party, should this agreement become
a law, justifying ourselves upou the
ground of "equal rights to all, special
privileges to none."
That is to say, take away the far
mer's protection, and he will proceed
to take away the protection of every
body else. Take away his special
privileges and he will adopt the motto,
"equal rights to all, special privileges
to none." Mr. Wallace would pro
ceed by going to the "free trade wiDg
of the democratic party." Presuma
bly, however, those thus turned against
protective privileges would act through
whatever agency offered the result,
and this is as likely to be one party as
This means, if a true prophecy, that
the steel tariff, the tariff on woolen
and cotton goods, farm machinery and
all would come down as a result of
the reciprocity bil 1. For as the farmer
falleth, there will the tarifi lie. Can
that be why John Dalzell and the rest
of the stand patters oppose the bill so
bitterly? It means that reciprocity is
not to be considered by the farmer
with respect solely to its immediate
effect. He might lose by the reci
procity bill alone, while gaining
grandh' by the indirect effects to follow
as suggested by Mr. Wallace. Lin
GIANTS OF THE CRIMINAL BAR.
It is undoubtedly true that in former
times, in all parts of the country, it
was considered more importaut and
more creditable to save a man's life or
liberty than to get a verdict where
property only was concerned. These
days have passed, however, as far as
New York is concerned, and in a les
ser degree, possibly, in nearly all the
other states; and despite the agitation
on the subject, they are never likely to
return. It is interesting to turn back
more than a century and a quarter, to
the earliest days of the republic, and
the careers of two lawyers who would
have been giants in any age or in any
country, and who were antagonistic in
character and purpose Alexander
Hamilton and Aaron Burr. Both
men accepted criminal as well as civil
cases. One of the greatest efforts of
Hamilton's life was his appearance for
oneCrosswell. charged with publishing
a scandalous libel upon Thomas Jeffer
son, me court was divided in its
verdict, but the prisoner was never
Aaron Burr, that erratic genius,
who lacked a balance wheel, is said
never to have lost a case in which he
alone was counsel. It is also of record
that he won a case in which, by a
queer trick of fate, his associate coun
sel was Hamilton. It was a murder
case. The actions and manner of the
principal witness against the prisoner
seemed to Burr exceedingly suspicious
and it is said that both Burr and
Hamilton were undecided in their own
minds which was the guilty party, the
witness or the prisoner. Hamilton's
summing up was perfunctory. Burr
began to address the jury when it was
nearly dark. The witness for the pro
secution was leaning against a pillar.
His face was pallid and covered with
perspiration. He listened intently to
the lawyer. Suddenly Burr seized a
large candelabrum, and throwing the
light on the face of the witness, shouted
"Behold the murderer, gentlemen!"
The witness turned and rushed from
the court room, and the prisoner was j
acquitted. F. P. Ward, in H&rjjer's j
The Canadian reciprocity agreement
has at last made it tossible for lions
and lambs to lie down together.
Well, the insurgents of the west
know a lot more about the beauties of
protection than they did before Cana
dian reciprocity was closed. Bing
May the Good Lord deliver us from
any more "Reciprocity," will be incor
porated in all our prayers, after the
president tries his Canadian one on the
people. Plaza (N. D.) Pioneer.
it be that Colonel Bryan is
to express his opinion on
Canadian reciprocity until he hears
what Messrs. Harmon and Gayuor
think of it? San Francisco Chronicle.
The tarifi commission is an injury
for the country for several reasons.
The theory is fine, but the result will
be disastrous. It disturbs trade be
cause manufacturers never know where
they are at they have no means of
knowing when their particular lines
are to be changed. Waterloo (III.)
The republican party has for fifty
years stood committed to the policy of
protection to the American farmer and
the American wage earner and no
man can in just a fortnight commit it
to a policy which would turn the party
inside out, make it right-abcut face,
and meet itself coming back. Albany
(M . Capital.
Governor elect Wilson says that
James K. Marti tie mu.-t be elected
United States senator, nnd insists that
there can be no cotni rouiise; but the
way to Washington for him doesn't
apear dear at this time, and it is to
be hoped that ttie democrats will find
some man whose tarifi sentiments are
more in harmony with those of the
people than Mr. Marline's are. Tren
ton State Gazette.
The American tarifi commission is
different from the German commission.
The German commission has manu
facturers and mill men ou its board,
the American commission has neither.
How can a tariff commission get facts
when it has no expert ou the board?
How can a blacksmith make tarifi
laws for the watch maker, or the shoe
maker make laws for the paper mills?
Waterloo (111.) Republican.
Politics makes strange bedfellows.
Here is Senator Cummins of Iowa,
insurgent of iusurgents, contending for
revision of the tarifi' by schedules aud
declaring that this is the issue of the
future between the insurgents and reg
ulars. Yet President Taft has de
clared for schedule revision. And
again Senator Cummins is a leader in
the new "progressive league" organ
ized largely to make war on Mr. Taft.
The fuss over high prices will get
its quietus when the workingman finds
cheap foreign goods invading the
American market and knocking him
out of his job. Xo workingman re
mains au admirer of cheapness very
long after he finds out that a thing is
dear to the man who wants to buy
when he hasn't the money to buy it
with, and lacks a job which would
enable him to get the necessary cash.
San Francisco Chronicle.
Canada has paid 81G,7oO,000 in
bounties to establish the steel industry
m that country. It is a large sum for
a small population to pay in bounties,
considering that a protective tarifi is
also imposed. But Canada will be the
gainer if able successfully to compete
with foreign producers. The trouble
arises from lack of coal and iron ore in
sufficient quantities to produce the
steel for use where chiefly needed.
Still, Canada is to be congratulated on
her pluck in establishing industries in
view of severe competition.
Many of our farmers are much
stirred up over the proposed reciproc
ity with Canada. They don't want
their wheat put on the market with
Canadian wheat. This is about all the
advantage the North Dakota farmer
gets out of the tariff, and if they take
that away, they will get the North
Dakota farmer going on record for
free trade in its entirety. Our mem
bers of congress are all opposed to the
plan and they will put it up to the
president and congress in a way that is
likely toknock it out. Plaza (N.D.)
The standpatter is now all that
stands between the present prosjterous
conditions in this country aud demo
cratic insurgent tariff tampering, free
trade tendencies and consequent dam
age to business. The standpatter
believes in the old time tried republi
can principles, that have met all
emergencies and bestowed such great
an' lasting benefits, and he is also pro-
gressive along safe and sane line, but
te not believe, that true progressive
ness means the discarding of all repul
lican policies and the smashing of the
protective tariff. Tiffin Tribune.
It seems that the people of this
country are fated to go back on them
selves once in awhile. They become
prosperous and happy under the poli
cies of the republican party, and
becoming jealous of the surpassing
prosperity of certain persons and cer
tain concerns, they, prospering them
selves beyond any time in previous
years, vote a party into power always
proven disastrous to every human
interest. If such voters could only be
made to bear alone the burdens of the
adversity they thus bring about, then
the innocent people could smile and
bear the situation. Greenville (Ohio)
We are told, in Chicago, that there
is no great demand for beef at the
present time aud prices of cattle are
made to sag to correspond to this
decreased demand. A year ago we
were told that there was not enough
food to feed the nation aud that cry
seems to have haunted the president
and his advisers until they arranged
for the free admission of the food pro
ducts of Canada, in exchange for
certain small favors extended by Can
ada to eastern manufacturing "inter
ests." But the farmers fail to see any
reason why their products should be
swapped off that way to make businese
for others. If the object in Canadian
reciprocity is still, as claimed in the
cast, cheaper food products, it might
as well be dropped, for the farmers do
not want to see food products go any
lower than they are at the present
time. Lower prices will mean ruin
for the farmers, of whose welfare we
have in late years done a great deal of
boasting. We may soon be in need of
some legislation to boost prices of food
products. It begins to look that way
now. Cedar Rapids Republican.
SEWARD'S WAR CURE.
The report from Mexico that a de
monstration by the United States
might unite the insurrectionists aud
the government party against a com
mon foe, recalls that curious incident
of the Civil War when Secretary Se
ward proposed to Lincoln to deliberate
ly provoke war with Frauce and Spain
in the expectation that the South
would "join with the North in a com
Lincoln suprcssed the memorandum,
aud it was not niado public until a
quarter of a century later. It was
dated April 1, 1801, and was entitled,
"Some Thoughts for the President's
Consideration." The document was
extraordinary, both in its criticism of
the President and in its suggestions of
It began with the assertion that a
month had passed since the inaugura
tion and that the administration was
still without a policy, foreign or dom
estic Therefore, a radical change was
urged. "We must change the ques
tion before the public," Seward said,
"from one upon slavery or about sla
very, for a question upon uuion or dis
union." To do this he proposed that
war be declared agaiust France and
Spain and that all the governments in
North and South America lie organi
zed in a crusade to enforce the Mon
This policy, once decided upon,
must be1 carried out by someone with
out debate or discussiou of auy sort.
"It is not in my especial province,"
the Secretary added, "but I neither
seek to evade nor assume responsibil
ity." The implication was that Lincoln
was a failure as President, as had been
demonstrated by a month's trial; that
the country needed a radical change
and that Seward was willing to dis
place Lincoln as Chief Executive.
The proposal was so wild and its im
plications so offensive that the Presi
dent might readily have felt that it
made the position of his Secretary of
State untenable. A rupture in the
Cabinet, however, would have been
most unfortunate at that time, parti
cularly as it would have involved the
man who had been the leading Repub
lican of the country up to the time of
the national convention.
Whatever may have been Lincoln's
personal feelings in the matter be
made no sigu of irritation. His reply
to Seward was a calm summary of the
situation, poiuting out that the admin
istration was following a definite policy
in which Seward had hitherto concured.
If a change of policy should seem
advisable the President himself must
of course carrv it out. But there seem
ed to be no good reason for a change.
So far as is known neither man ever
referred to the subject again, but a few
weeks later the disillusioned Seward
wrote, "There is but one vote in the
Cabinet and that is cast by the Presi
dent." Kansas City Star.
How Could Ha?
Aunt You will never learn bow to
manager jour money. Karl Nephew
Can you wonder at It, auntie? Sly
acquaintance with it Js always so short.
-FHeirende Blatter. i
THE LINCOLN INAUGURAL. .
Charles Francis Adams is one of the
few men well known in Boston present
at the inauguration. He was visiting
his father, win) was then in congress.
"I remember dining on the day pre
ceding the inauguration," said Mr.
Adams to the Boston Herald, "at the
house of Secretary Seward. It was
Sunday, aud the midday meal was of
a very informal character. There
were eight or teu guests, visitors iu
Washington like myself.
"After the conversation had follow
ed commonplace topics for sometime
Secretary Seward caused something of
a stir by announcing that he had spent
a part of the morning in reading the
manuscript of the inaugural address
which Mr. Lincoln was to deliver on
the following da. Of course, Mr.
Seward did not give any detailed in
formation as to it, but he said that he
thought it was a very sensible docu
ment, and that it would be generally
"He then added, which iu the light
of subsequent events proved a perti
nent comment, that he considered the
most characteristic of the president's
style was a vein of sentiment aud im
agination which ran through lib writ
"The day of the iuauguration was
clear and, as I remembered it, some
what blustery. Any one who has ever
encountered on Pennsylvania avenue
a March dust borne on a March wiud
is not likely even in the Washington
of today to covet a repetition of the
experience, and fifty years ago the
streets, as yet unpaved, were always
either impassable from mud or ankle
deep in dust. None the less for that,
from an early hour the whole town
seemed to gather toward the capitol.
"During the earlier proceedings I
was present in the reporters' gallery of
the .-cuate chamber, surreptitiously
smuggled in, as I remember it, under
the friendly wing of General James
Watson Webb, the famous editor of
the New York Courier aud Enquirer;
but I can recall nothing of what took
place below, except the impression
made on me by the two chief person
alities of the occasion the outgoing
president and the president-elect. In
spite of his wry neck and dubious age,
I could not but feel that Mr. Buchan
an was undeniably the more present
able man of the two; his tail, large
figure and white head appeared well
beside Mr. Lincoln's lank, angular
form and hirsute face; nor did the
dress and bearing of the latter indi
cate that knowledge which was desir
able of the amenities of the time and
place. As a whole the scene impress
ed me as being distinctly uuimpressivc.
"Duriug the delivery of the inaugur
al I could only distinguish Lincoln's
words now aud then, without at all
following the trend of J.he address.
As a spectacle it was not heartening.
The capitol, it must be remembered,
was at that time in u wholly unfinish
ed coudiliou, aud derricks rose from
the great dome as well as from the
sedate aud representative wiugs.
"On the staging front I t-aw a tall,
ungainly man addressing a motely
gathering some thousands in num
ber with a voice elevated to its high
est pitch; but his delivery, as I remem
ber it, was good quiet, accompanied
by little gesture and with small pre
tense at oratory. The grounds at the
east front are so large that it is diffi
cult ever to compute correctly as audi
ence there gathered. I should say,
however, that the mob of citizens ou
that occasion did not exceed four or
"It was a very ordinary gathering,
with a somewhat noticeable absence of
pomp, stale, ceremony, or even of con
stabulary. As I remembered not a
uniform was to be seen. I recall it as
a species of mass meeting evincing lit
tle enthusiasm; but silent, attentive,
appreciative, and wonderfully respec
table and orderly.
"Throughout, however, a curious
sense of uneasiness prevailed iisortof
nervous expectancy. The thought
was ever present in my mind, as I
fancy in that of every individual there
of something on the program about to
occur. I did not myself really fear,
much less expect it; but, none the less,
I very distinctly recall the latent men
tal suggestion what if some southern
fire eater or fanatical secessionist
should now bring this ceremony to a
sudden close hy a deed of violence
by a pistol bullet from near at hand,
or a rifle shot from sonic distant win
dow yonder? There was, however, no
crazed and theatrical John Wilkes
Booth in that gathering, or at least, if
there were, he did not put himself in
evidence; and so the tragic outcome of
fburyears later whs not then furstallcd.
"Prcsidcntly the inaugural was
brought to a close, and the audience
melted slowly away. As I left the
ground on my way towards Layfayettc
square, I chanced across Senator Sum
mer, and joined him iu the walk back.
He was iu great spirits; he was pleaded
with the iuaugural, and evidently
much relieved that tho occasion had I
passed away in orderly fashion and
without a hitch. The party to which
he belonged was at last in firm posses
sion of the machinery of government.
Referring to the address, he expressed,
I remember, strong approval of it say
ing, in slightly oratorical, though ex
tremely characteristic fashion, that it
suggested to him the old simile of a
hand of iron in a velvet glove.'
"As wo went westward along F
street, we came up to General Scott's
carriage. When Mr. Sumner address
ed him through the carriage window he
was looking intently down the other
way, toward Pennsylvania avenue.
But when he heard Mr. Sumner's voice
he turned arouud with an expression
of extreme satisfaction. He shook
hands with us and remarked that
everything was going as smoothly and
quietly as it could. His prediction
has subsequently proved true, but the
all pervading sense of alarm then
manifest was not without reasou."
COLD, UNFEELING WRETCH
Though His Wife Has Saved Him
Money, and Looks Well, He Is
"John, will you please unhook my
"All right, as soon as I get my col
"Don't you think this dress is be
"I think it makes me look slimmer
than I look in any of the rest of my
dresses, don't you?"
"I guess so."
"Did you see anybody there who was
dressed in better taste than I?"
"And Think how cheaply I got it
made. Do you remember that pink
dress I had two years ago?"
"O. yes, you remember it, John. Tho
one I had made when I went to St.
Louis. Would you suspect that I have
had all the beaded trimming from that
gown put on this one?"
"Well, I have. If I had bought it now
it would have cost $25. Don't you
think I managed well?"
"Do you suppose there's another
woman In this town who dresses as
splendidly as I do on what you allow
me for clothes?"
"I've never thought anything about
"Well, you would think about it ir
you got such bills as most women
make their husbands pay. Did you
see any one there who looked better
than I did?"
"I didn't look around much."
"Did you ever see me when I looked
"I guess not."
"Think what it means to you when I
make such a fine appearance. Every
body must get the impression that you
are able to give me a much larger al
lowance than you do for clothes. It
gives the impression that you are
prosperous. Can't you see what an
advantage it is to have people get
such an idea?"
"I've never noticed it."
"O, pshaw! One might as well talk
to n stick as to you!"
How Good Health Tells.
Poor physical health handicaps
many girl workers and prevents the
highest development of their powers.
'An anaemic brain produces poorer
work than one that is nourished by
blood rich In red corpuscles. The dys
peptic girl is irritable, seedy, and out
of sorts when all her vitality is called
ton to make a special effort in her
work. "Nerves" may make all the dif
ference between success or failure.
To keep her health up to a good
standard ought to be the aim of every
girl who wishes to make something
of her life. Too many girls allow
themselves to drop into poor health,
which is so apt to become chronic un
less the tendency is checked at the be
ginning. A girl owes a duty to herself
to keep fit and well and attend to her
digestion, her muscles, her breathing.
The habits of breathing properly,
chewing the food thoroughly, daily ex
ercises out of doors, are all small mat
ters; bxit one or two rules of daily
conduct occasionally broken contrive
after a time to affect physical health
and personality both. Once let a girl
make her mind up to cultivate a habit
of self-development, and she follows
these rules almost automatically.
Each detail may be unimportant in
itself, but the sum of them is not.
They are the points that tell in the
making of what should be every girl's
aim to obtain health and personality.
Safest to Fly High.
That it is safer for an airman to
fly high than comparatively near the
ground is indicated by meteorological
tests carried out on behalf of the
British air ofiico at Teddington. A
kite with a special recording appara
tus has been sent up to various
heights, and it has been shown that
on a gusty day sudden fluctuations in
the pressure of the wind which are
an airman's peril diminish percept
ibly as a kite ascends. What airmen
have discovered when in flight is that
dangerous gusts sweep over woods
and hills or througii valleys. For this
reason when passing across country
they seek to maintain an altitude of
at least 7,000 feet.
Cabbage and Potatoes Make Men.
A steady diet of cabbage and pota
toes for breakfast, dinner and supper
will make a stalwart and brawny raca
of men. according to Rev. V. Losa of
Coraopolis. who spoke before the Out
look Alliance. Rev. Mr. Losa, who Is
superintendent of 20 missions for for
eigners supported in the neighborhood
of Pittsburg by the Presbyterian
church, said that the average wage in
their native land of the big", sturdy
Slovaks and Ruthenians who come to
Pittsburg is about sixteen cents a day,
and that cabbage and potatoes is their
chief diet, with meat perhaps two or
three times a year. Rev. Mr. Losa Is a
Bohemian by birth and has labored
among foreigners in and around this
city for 12 years. Pittsburg Dispatch,
Makes Hmw Bakisg Easy
JUyml Ck Bk-8M Receipts-Free. SeniNmme ml Address
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO.. NEW YORK.
Turned the Tables.
Two hunters, returning from the
Cat ski Us. decided to try onie New
York city humor upon tin; agent of a
little railroad station in the foothills.
"When does the V.A'J train get in?"
The old man regarded him seriously
and at length. "Waal," said he, "she
generally gets in just a leetle behind
Later they approached him respect
fully. "About time that train is due.
isn't it. unde?"
"Yes-." said the agent, "she's about
due. There comes the conductor's
The Very Idea!
.Mr. Wuggs I'm thro'ish with Bump.
I told him we are going to name our
baby after some great personage and
asked him for a suggestion. Mrs.
Woggs What did he say? Mr. Woggs
lie said. "Name it after ours." Puck.
Attractive Rates for March
VERY LOW ONE-WAY RATES TO PACIFIC COAST. A general
basis of 2.(X for one-way colonist tickets to California, Oregon, Washing
ton and the Far Wet, daily from March 10th to April 10th. Tickets are
honored in couches anil through touribt (deepen;.
THROUGH TOURIST SLEEPING SERVICE. Everyday to Los Angeles,
via Denver, Scenic Colorado, Salt Lake Route.
Every day to San Francisco, March loth to April 10th, via Denver. Scenic Col
orado, Ogden; personally conducted tourist sleeper excursions every Thnre
day and Sunday to 'Frisco, thence Lo3 Angeles via Coast Line.
Every day to Seattle, Portland and Northwest.
HOMESEEKERS' EXCURSIONS. March ?th nud '21ut, to new territory
toutb, west and northwest, including Big Llorn Basin.
YELLOWSTONE PARK. Think now about touring the Park luis summer;
inquire about the new and attractive way through this wonderland, an
eight-day personally conducted camping tour from Cody, via the scenic
entrance, every thing provided; different from all other tours. An ideal
recreative and Bcenic outing for a email party of friends to take. Address
Aaron Holm, Proprietor, Cody, Wyo., or the undersigned.
If you are expecting to make any kind of u en turner tour I
shall be glad to have you get in touch with me early.
J Pa be y,i ,. C u r'r r - -
S''-Tv" ' ,. 1-iJUl
In fact, for anything in the book
binding line bring your work to
aa4 issues Its
ion cannot dream yourself into :i
character; you must hammer and f.irue
fourself one. James .Anthony Kron !.
Xtiet i. hereby uivrn that tln nnIerbiinil,
liy virtue of a chnttlo mrt(we in th form of a
mortww note, dntinl December -'nil. I'JtH. unil
t'xprutMl by Jin. S. F. Trhp anil Mr. W. !,.
Mctjuown. mojliniirore, to K. W. Saley. nmrt-tsixvt-,
nnd dnly tiled in the itlicitf theCt.uoty
Clerk iu and for tho roanty of Platte, ttntoof
Xt-hraaku. on March tilth. 1111. to noctire tho
laj merit of a certain irtnii-tory uotn for$i"iO.(pi,
tinted IKHvmber "Jnd. I'.KH. and pajahloto K. V.
Saley. and tin which then in now tine the Mini of
SrCi.to, with Interest thennn at the mtrof ID jkt
cent icr annum from February lt. WHO. ttnd
default having Itct-n made in the payment of Haiti
note and the amount duo thereon anil no suit or
other procittlin'-at Inn having been institute! 1
to recover t-nitl turn or any part thereof;
Therefore. I will hell to tho hfchetit bidder for
uli at public auction, at the office nnd utore
room of the Anditorinm Mnme Company, at tll
Wot i:tth Mree t, and Ix-int: iu the North opera
hnu-e. folumhuf. Platte r uuty, Nebmitkn, ou
Wednesday. April VMi, l'.MI.at Z o'clock p.m..
he follow in j: tlecnIHl projwrty, to-wit: One
Trjler l'iano, StIo II, No. lltiio, mahogany case,
one Mool and onewirf.
K. W. SALEY. .Mortgagee.
b. F. RECTOR, Ticket Agent
L. W. WAK&L&Y. Gen'!. Passenger Agent. OmdtM. Nnkr
tJ!fS-Zl.jAe-Uu. f - .
jt . :l
-t &j n
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