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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1911)
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Prune the trees as needed.
Spraying fruit trees is a science.
Old sows farrow heavier pigs than
Decreasing the cost of production
is increasing the proiiL
The cow and the hen have kept
starvation from many a door.
"lomslnrity is an important factor
In caring for the producing herd.
In putting up ic wait until the ice
and weather are right, then rush the
A small amount of linseed meal
added to the horse ration is invalu
able. Some animals are selected individ
ually but prove to be failures as
Springs add to the life of the wag
on, also to the comfort of the man
who uses it.
Gilt edge butter brings money to
the ni'ikei. It's poor policy to offer
poor butter for sale.
The sale of ro many thousands of
young calves annually is an alarm
ing featuio of the bt'ef situation.
It is the general average of the herd
that decides the profit and not the
returns from one or two of the best
When cows get pretty well along in
the period of lactation the churning
does not come as readily as when they
Remember when you plow in the
orchard that the roots are very near
the surface. Three inches is plenty
More turkeys would mean more
spending money for many a farmer's
wife. The turkey crop is getting
smaller every year.
Do not "guess" that your seed is
all right; that is not enough. You
ought to bo sure that it is all right
before you plant it.
When feeding new corn from the
field, husk only the end of the rows, to
facilitate turning when the regular
corn husking se;iscn begins.
I.ring in the corn horse after you
are through with it. Kvcn a wooden
horse wjll show the effects if stabled
out in the lield a few mouths.
Ilusty garden tools may be bright
ened by soaking in sour milk whey for
12 hours, then brushed. A coat of
kerosene should then be applied.
There is probably no question that
the application of lime to any soil that
shows an acid reaction when tested
with litmus paper would be profitable.
A mighty nice shelter for hogs and
cattle can be made of long poles and
posts that make a large room with a
ceiling about six and one-half or seven
q sure to furnish the hens oyster
shells at all times. It is important
that this element be supplied. It will
improve the egg yield and the health
of the tlock.
When killed by the frost, mow off
the asparagus tops and burn them,
then give the bed and the rhubarb
plants, too a thick winter coat of
No one breed of hogs has a monop
oly of all the good points In bacon
type. As the saying goes: "There are
good and had in all breeds, and bad
and worse in some."
If a little more attention to the food
supply were given the fowls with a
view to induce a better egg yield the
pullets would be laying early ia the
lall and keep it it all winter.
There are several reason., why the
dairy cow should appeal to the farm
er, but among the chief is that she
helps the soil and brings in regular
returns. Her prodtict is a sure crop.
Never get the idea in your head
that drugs and healih are inseparable,
for in most cases it will be found
that what we keep out of the pig's
stomach has more to do with their
health than what we put in.
For rne poultry, in addition to corn,
roots may be given and then there
ought to be also some bran. oats,
wheat and oyster shells, and at all
times an abundance of grit should be
provided, especially during the win
ter season, when the ground is frozen
and covered with snow.
A writer in the Scientific Ameri
can says he has cleared his premises
of rats as well as vermin, by making i
whitewash yellow with copperas, and
covering the stones and rafters in the
cellar with it. In every crevice in
which a rat might g he put cop
peras, and scattered it in the cor
ners of the floor. The result was a
complete disappearance of rats and
The pullet is the best layer.
Iron in some form makes a good
Why not try a small piece of alfaira
It's hard to make a man believe he
owns a poor cow.
Alfalfa and clover are the best dry
feeds there are for the cow.
Use the milk pails and cans for no
other purpose than to hold milk.
Cover the rhubarb plants now with
plenty of coarse but rich stable ma
nure. Oats, barley and peas form a good
ration for pregnant ewes during the
Temperature has more to do with
your failure to get butter than any
Grafting Is one of the most inter
esting things on the farm and it Is ab
Timothy growing means exhaustion
of land, because it is now grown as a
When the fowls pick themselves
frequently you may be sure that they
are infested with lice.
There is little danger of ?raft in
the poultry house if there '& only
one opening in the building.
Soil that is poorly drained suffers
more in both dry and wet seasons
than that which Is well drained.
The orchardists should become more
familiar with the most approved
method of producing more and better
Records of the performance of
dai.y cows form the only accurate
and safe basis for judging their
There is no line ot general agricul
ture in which well directed effort will
pay so large a profit as in dairy
As a matter af fact, barnyard ma
nure commences to ferment and un
dergo changes tho moment it is
From twelve to twenty-four hours
l)cfore churning you should commence
to ripen the cream, according to tho
time of the year.
Every owner cf live stock should
be prepared to treat the more common
ills to which live stock of different
kinds are subject
Colds with poultry often lead to
roup and when once roup gets a good
start we are likely to have quite a
task to get rid of it.
The fertilizer problem is getting to
be a big one, and could be greatly re
duced by keeping more stock and sell
ing less hay and straw.
Many of the orchard tracts of the
central as well as the extreme west
are owned and operated by women,
who are happy in their work.
Have some way of marking every
turkey. They may get with neigh
bor's turkeys and you will want somo
way of proving your property.
The dairy barnyard should have
good slope, such as will Insure good
surface drainage, and should have a
good top layer of gravel or cinders.
Thf purchaser of a bull should se
lect an animal that Is a good individ
ual and whose dam and granddam on
his sire's side have good butterfat rec
ords. Single purpose animals carry their
functions with greater economy than
do so-called dual purpose animals.
These facts belong to the domain of
After the first week of sleeping and
resting the young calf should be al
lowed to exercise freely in the open
air. in order to develop muscles, lungs
The Minnesota experiment station
has found bran to be an excellent
Teed to combine with corn fodder and
timothy or wild hay, as a ration for
the milch cow.
Let the new-born calf stay in the
stall or pasture with its mother for
several days, and sic will let it feed
at times and in amounts best suited
to its needs in life.
There is no longer certainty of a
crop of fair fruit without spraying
with insecticides, no maiivi u ipiu
pitious the season otherwise or kow
fertile the orchard soil.
Proof piles up that there are scores
and hundreds of dairy cows that are
not paying their way while many oth
ers are making a handsome profit for
the owner. Which kind do you keep?
Breeding animals that have weak
constitutions and organic weaknesses
will transmit these defects to their
progeny, and they will become easy
prey to about all the ailments that
the hog is heir to.
Nearly every poultry raiser, wheth
er in the business for pleasure or
profit, has his choice of breeds and in
nine cases out of ten. he will succeed
better with his favorite than with any
other. So preference often becomes
a potent factor in the problem and a
point not to be ignored.
Dairying has been changed by the
introduction of the separator, a com
paratively simple device, which today
is indispensable, but was unknown
during the earlier generations on the
farm. The quality of dairy cattle ia
improving every year as the exports
gain in knowledge and experience.
The same is true of all other live
stock on tho farm.
Good Time Just Now
to Replenish That
THE first clothes event of the New
Year is not a change of fashion,
but the cruoial moment for the
purchase of clothes at-economies.
Unfortunately for the merchants
many women plan for the replenish
ing of their wardrobes at this season
when prices are diminished.
Especially American women are
thus clothes-wise. Such women are
not only financiers, but are geniuses,
therefore they deserve not only tho
admiration of others less knowing
but their husbands, writes Marlon
Morris in the Chicago Inter Ocean.
However, a woman must be convers
ant with values to be able to reap a
harvest of economies. The woman
who does not, and also the one who
has no foresight about styles may be
favorably compared with the man who
buys a "gold brick."
This year the knowing woman can
easily save more money than ever he
Prices Must Be Cut.
For several weeks the newspapers
have published many bargain sales of
women's clothes this signifies that
the market is crowded and that the
pressure was too great to hold out un
til now. During December, women
gave little thought to any shopping
except for Christmas, so the market
was but little relieved. Now comes
the onslaught! And it will be the
most drastic cut of prices In years.
To explain the reason I must turn the
calendar back more than six months.
Last May and the beginning of June
were quite cool and women did not
buy summer clothes until the weather
changed. As a result, many stores
held back their orders and that pre
vented the makers from starting on
their autumn models. Finally when
the' did start, labor troubles occurred
throughout the country and every
thing stopped until the early autumn.
Unfortunately, the warm weather
lasted until later than usual. When
the manufacturers started on their
winter work they hurried to make up
for lost time, thinking that the women
who usually bought early would buy
later. However, their calculations
were overestimated, and now the mar
ket is flooded with some of the pret
tiest attire fashion has created in
many seasons. So now there are
dozens of advantageous opportunities
heretofore unknown even to the
Because a woman can always afford
to have several tailored suits espe
cially when she is able to get the ex
tra one or two at greatly reduced
THE first is a simple little bodice
of cashmero to match the skirt
with which It is worn; it is cut
kimono, and has a yoke of satin to
match, embroidered with floss silk;
this is carried down outside of sleeve
to cuff, which is of satin. Guipure
lace is used for the small yoke and
Materials required: 1 yard cashmere
4C inches wide. yard satin 22
Inches wide. Wt. yard lace IS inches
The second would look well in
sprigged ninon made up over a foun
dation of satin; the slight fulness at
neck is drawn into a narrow satin or
velvet bind; squares of embroidered
satrn are arranged at back and front.
Long coats of watered moire silk
are made in Paris tight fitting, en
veloping the wearer from head to foot.
Heavy thread and metal laces are
pretty" features of the winter hats de
signed to wear with dressy clothes.
For evening wear gold or silver
tulle turbans are seen with tall
aigrettes or groups of marabout feath
ers. Ecrusse levant is the name given to
that fine grain leather of high finish
that is so popular for purses and
Chains are no longer in evidence
for the black velvet bags; all have
long silk cords by which to swing
them from the arm. r
Huge sailor or round collars of fur
or fancy fabrics mark the 1911 even
ing coat, and bands of fur are at the
foot of many.
Fine threads, fine dots, fine meshes
and a general delicacy of structure
prices. When selecting a suit In a re
duction sale it is not wise to choose
any kind but one that is plainly tail
ored and then not extreme. For in
stance, it will bo just so much money
thrown away to purchase a suit with
a bobble skirt, as that mode Is passe.
Neither is it wise to select a novelty
fabric that has been the craze of the
hour. Broadcloth, cheviot, conserva
tive suitings, velvet and velveteen
will prove good investments espe
cially the three first mentioned, as
they can be comfortably worn in the
spring. The only time it is advisable
to select a rather fanciful suit is when
one is fortunate in securing an im
ported model at about half price be
cause nine chances out of ten the
style will be in general vogue next
Topcoat Is Never Amiss.
As I know of no garment that gives
so much comfort and pleasure a3 a
topcoat, I urgently advise every wom
an to have at least one. And now is
her chance to get it, as this has been
decidedly a coat season and there is
certain to be a surplus. Whether one
has a motor or not, there is a satisfac
tion in having a top coat ready for
that unexpected trip; or for one when
traveling and shopping. If one antici
pates an European trip in the spring
or summer, now is the time to get a
steamer coat. Undoubtedly the most
charming topcoats in the history of
fashion will be sacrificed in spite of
their elegant sturdy tweed and home
spun fabrics. I should also advise one
to take advantage of lowered prices
on seal plush coats as these In the
fine imported qualities quite rival Hud
son seal, and besides they are certain
to be in style next season.
Advisability of Buying Furs.
Even though one may not havo
urgent need for a set of furs or a fur
coat, I am sure that the purchase of
either will prove an excellent invest
ment. But in doing so, only purchase
a staple fur. Do not think of buying
either raccoon or opossum, as these
furs have been popularized this sea
son and as merely a fur. neither Is
worth much. I should certainly rec
ommend buying lynx, as this fur is
not always modish, but Is rapidly be
coming extinct this season there
were only 2,400 lynx animals to fill
the demand. However, do not buy a
fur that is called "Russian lynx," as
that is only a Russian lynx cat gen
uine lynx comes from Alaska. Skunk,
mink, ermine, genuine fox, Hudson
seal, moleskin and sable, of course,
will be advisable selections.
also on shoulders and sleeves; these
are finished off with little satin bands.
Materials required: 1 yard ninon
42 inches wide. lA yard satin, 6
squares of embroidery.
For the third some such material as
cashmere, crepon or poplinette might
be used. The fastening is at the back,
but the trimming of embroidered gal
loon is so arranged that it gives the
appearance of side fastening.
The collar and bands round tho
over-sleeves arc bound with silk. The
yoke and under-sleeves are of piece
Materials required: 1 yard cash
mere, U yard silk on the cross, 2
yards galloon. 1 yard lace IS inches
and design are predominating fea
tures of the new veils.
To Renovate Velvet.
Velvet is being so much worn this
season that a hint on how to renovate
it may not come amiss. "
The velvet should, first of all. be
Mjtretciied, pile side upward, over the
team from a kettle of boiling water.
As the steam begins to rise, get some
one to brush up the pile briskly with
a stiff brush. Then spread out flat to
dry, and afterward brush lightly again.
When the material has been worn a
great deal and is very soiled sponge
it lightly with benzine.
Auto Bonnet for Baby.
An automobile bonnet for a baby Is
a novelty. The headgear Is sugarloaf
in shape and is fashioned from blue
silk in a mass of shirring, finished
with a band of pale blue marabou.
An inch-wide elastic is passed under
the youngster's chin, and in this way
the hat is held close to the head. The
rubber is concealed in the casing of
pale blue silk shirring.
Aniply that In her husband's
eye loots loveiy.
rhe truest mirror that an honest wire
-aa see her beauty in.
Ways of Serving Chicken.
Chicken need not be an extravagant
ilsb, as the bits of left-over meat may
be worked into croquettes, salads,
:reamed chicken and numerous other
dishes. The bones of tho chicken
need not be wasted, as they will make
soup and broths.
Chicken a la Marengo. This H said
io be the dish that was served Napo
leon after the battle of Marengo.
Singe and clean a five-pound chicken,
:ut It up as for a fricassee. In a
iaucepan melt two tablespoonfuls of
butter and add three tablespoonfuls
jf olive oil. When it Is hot. add the
svhite meat, with salt, pepper and a
:love of garlic. Mix and cook over
he heat until each piece is a golden
brown. Have ready a tomato sauce,
tnade from a can of tomatoes, a little
jnion, parsley, carrot and celery
ivhich have been cooked until thick.
:hen rubbed through a sieve, and a
lablcspoonful of butter added. To tho
:hicken add a pound of fresh mush
ooms which have been peoled and.
sauted In a little butter for five min
ates. Arrange the chicken on a plat
:er and add to the gravy three ta
blespoonfuls of tomato puree; stir
jntil it Is hot. Pour over the chicken
Chicken Giblets on Toast. Cook
.he giblets until tender over a slow
fire, then chop fine; add the broth
n which they were cooked, season
with salt, pepper and a little onion,
idd a half cup of hot cream. Pour
jver buttered toast and serve.
Chicken Croquettes. Roil a young
hicken until tender, cut the meat
Into dice. Saute in butter a halt
pound of fresh mushrooms, make a
:ream sauce, using the broth and
jqual quantity of cream in .making
:he sauce; use three tablespoonfuls
if butter and three of flour; cook to
;ether, then add a cup each of broth
ind thick cream.
Chicken cut up and baked in milk
.s a new dish to many. Cover tho
first hour of cooking and remove the
:ovcr to brown. Thicken the mill:
'or a gravy and serve poured around
HO has never tasted Mtter
docs net know what is sweet.
When the Rood man's from home, the
;ocd wife's table Is soon spread.
For Washington's Birthday.
The red, white and blue of the flag
seems to be the appropriate color
scheme for Washington Birthday en
tertainments. There are so many
pretty little things in the shops that
may be used for this occasion. Boxes
made in the form of drums or cocked
hats, which may be used for salted
nuts or bon bons.
Small flags tied to stand make very
pretty decoration; they may be used
to hold the place card.
FonJant made into balls and dipped
.nto chocolate make very real-looking
cannon balls, and If piled canon-ball
fashion add to the appropriately dec
Cherries are, of course, the fruit
jiost appropriate to the occasion, and
may be used in numerous ways for
decoration or on food combinations.
For a children's party, a nice little
surprise cake may be made, using
the ordinary sponge cake mixture,
which is more wholesome than the
-ich cup cakes for the little people.
Bake them in gem pans, the little
brownie irons are a nice shape.
When cold, cut off a slice and scoop
DUt the center, fill them with preserved
sherries, put back the slice and cover
with a boiled frosting or dip them in
Make a sirup by boiling two cupfuls
of sugar and a cup of water together
ten minutes, add the juice of three
lemons and one can of grated pine
apple. Cool, strain and dilute with
one quart of water.
A delicious sandwich to serve with
'.his lemonade is cottage cheese, well
seasoned with salt and well mixed
with chopped candied cherries.
French chops may be arranged on
a platter to simulate a cannon and po
tatoes cut into balls and browned in
fat may be piled to look like cannon
balls. The potatoes should first be par
boiled until nearly tender, then
browned in hot fat.
The Limit of Depravity.
There are degrees of baseness. Kid
naping a baby Is wicked, but stealing
a "babe" seems too monstrous to con
template in the headlines without
Just a Guess, Perhaps.
"Where is it that Shakespeare says
'Hope springs eternal in the humar.
"In 'Don Juan. I think."
The whirling dervishes of Scutari
of Informing its readers of the griev
ances of the strikers.
Only Thing Possible.
A medical professor asked his class
'it a patient swallowed a heavy dosi
of oxalic acid what would you admin
There was silence and finally one o)
the younger students murmured in an
swer, "spiritual consolation."
"They say Harold Is an adept in the
art of self-defense."
"Nonsense! Hilda made him pro
pose six times in one season!" Com
THE SCHOOLS OF
In Some of the Cities and Town the
School Buildings Cannot Accom
modate the Increasing Nunv
One of the most Important factors
In the building of a new country Is
the attention that is paid by the au
thorities to tho education of the rising
generation. Fortunately for western
Canada, the settlement of that new
country began in such recent years
'tfcat It was able to lay a foundation
for this work, gained by the experi
ence of older countries. In this way
the very best is the result Through
out the entire country are to be seen
the most improved style of architec
ture in school buildings. The cities
and towns vie with each other in the
efforts to secure the best of accom
modation and at the same time get
architectural lines that would appeal.
Sufficient to say that nowhere is there
the greater attention paid to elemen
tary and advanced education than In
western Canada. A report just to
hand shows that in Calgary, Alberta,
there are eighty teachers employed,
and the enrollment 4,228 pupils. In
the Province of Alberta there was a
total of 46,000 pupils attending schools
Ik 1909. The total enrollment for the
rear in city, town and village schools
was 22.8S3, and the total in rural
schools was 23,165. There aro In the
province 970 schools with 1,323 de
partments. At the close of 1909 there
was a total of 1,096 school districts in
the province. Great attention is paid
also to agricultural education. The
best uses of the soil and such other
matters as tend to make the agricul
ture less of a drudge and more of a
success are employed. When there
is the combination of good soil, splen
did climato and healthy and advanced
ideas in the methods employed in
agriculture, wo seo accomplished the
results that have placed western Can
ada on its present high plane in the
agricultural world. There is to be
found men of high standing In liter
ary spheres as well as in financial
circles who are carrying on farming,
not alono for the pleasure they de
rive but for the profit they secure.
Mr. Adler, a wide-awake business man
of New York, has a ranch near Strath
more, Alberta. Ho is highly pleased
with his success the past year. He
"On July 25th we estimated our crop
at 6,000 bushels of wheat. A week
later we increased our estimate to
12,000 bushels. A few days later we
again increased our estimate, this
time to IS.000 bushels, but after har
vest in September we found we had
20,150 bushels. If that isn't a record,
what is?" he asked.
"This crop was- made with practi
cally no moisture," he continued, "and
wo now have a better opinion of the
fertility of Alberta lands than ever
and value our lands higher than we
ever did before."
Mr. Adler, who has been on the
ranch for about a week, leaves for
New York Saturday.
This gentleman is conducting a farm
on a largo scale, and has plenty of
means to develop it, and his may not
ho taken as a fair case. There are,
though, instances of thousands who
havo begun life on small farms in
western Canada with but brains and
the determination over and above the
couple of hundred dollars in ready
money that they possessed, and today
are owners of largo farms and band
somo incomes, all the result of their
efforts on land that was responsive to
the touch of the hand that held tho
plow. Instances such as these can bo
quoted if you will communicate with
the nearest Canadian government
agent, who will also mail you free de
A Mosque in London.
It Is proposed to erect a mosque in
the capital of the greatest Moham
medan power In the world, and the
only surprising feature of the pro
ject is that it has not been executed
before. The building is to cost 100,
000, to which the aga khan has al
ready contributed 5,000. The com
mittee in control of the scheme Is
presided over by Amir All, and in
cludes the Turkish and Persian min
isters, as well as three membera of
the council of India. London Globe.
Superstition is what prompts a per
son to believe there is more luck In a
horseshoe over the door than in a lock
PW.ES CCTtED TXITOll DAT8
TonrdruftiM will rotund money If VKlt) OINT
MENT falls t euro any caw of Itching. Blind,
Bleeding or Protruding Pile In 6 in Hoar. JOj.
Do noble things, not dream them all
day Ions:. Kingsley.
When You Think
Of the pain which many women experience with every
month it makes the gentleness and kindness always associ
ated with womanhood seem to be almost a miracle.
While in general no woman rebels against what she re
gards as a natural necessity there k bo woman who would
aot gladly be free from this recurring period of pain.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription makes
weak women- strong and sick women
well, and ilves them freedom from pais.
It establishes regularity, smmdmes Imflam
matloa, heals ulceration and cares to
Sick women are invited to consult as by letter, frtt.
All correspondence strictly private and sacredly cos-
fidentia!. Write without fear and without fee to World's Dispensary Med
ical Association, R. V. Pierce, M. D., President, Buffalo, N. Y.
If you want a book that tells all about woman's diseases, and how te cure
them at home, send 31 one-cent stamps to pay cost of wrapping and mailing
euly, and we will send you a frtt copy of Dr. Pierce's great thousand -page
illustrated Common Sense Medical Adviser revised, op - to date edition, ia
handsome French cloth binding.
THE IMPERIAL RygV".
Models 42, 43 and 44 have a unit power plant, containing clntch and transmission in
one case. This prevents dust and dirt from 0'etting in. Everything about an Imperial
car is high class. They are built in eight models. 30, 35 and 45 horse power, prices
$1350 to $2,000. Don't buy an automobile without first getting 'our free catalog aad
looking over the Imperial cars.
BLAME PHYSICIANS FOR
GROWTH OF DOPE HABI1
Druggists y r Prescriptions and Net
Patent Medicines the
New York. Blame for the pre
alence and growth of the morphia
habit was placed, on the shoulders of
physicians, who prescribed the dru&
at a meeting of druggists here to
night to protest against the recently
enacted city ordinance prohibiting tnc
sale at retail of any preparation, cos
tainlng morphine or its salts except
upon a doctor's prescription.
The ordinance Is aimed primarily
at paregoric and at stomach remedies,
according to members of the beard of
health who were Instrumental in ob
taining its passage. Caswell Mayo,
one of the druggists, said he had
made a canvass by mail of several
sanitariums and the replies convinced
him 90 per cent, of the victims of
drugs formed the habit as a remit of
using prescriptions given by physi
cians and only 8 per cent, from using
One's Own Heaven and Hell.
Most of our grief comes from with
in we torture and torment our very
souls. Each man makes his heaven
each man makes his hell. Each man
knows when and where ho Is right;
just as he knows when and where he
is wrong. Each man realizes just
where and when he is weak, and whea
and where he Is strong. But many
take entirely too many liberties with
Sheer white goods, In fact, any fins
wash goods when new, owe much of
their attractiveness to tho way they
are laundered, this being done in a
manner to enhance their textile beau
ty. Homo laundering would be equal
ly satisfactory if proper attention was
given to starching, the first essential
Jieing good Starch, which has sufficient
strength to stiffen, without thickening
the goods. Try Defiance Starch and
you will be pleasantly surprised at the
improved appearance of your work.
Where Every Ear Is Stretched.
Knicker They say listening is
Backer Ever live In a flat with a
He who doth not resolve today win
be much less disposed to resolve to
morrow. iOshop Home.
We cannot emphasize too
strongly the importance of
keeping the stomach and
bowels in an active condition
order to avoid sickness.
THe Bitters will do this,
also prevent Stomach Ills,
Colds & Grippe. Try it.
Proapt Relkf-Pemaaeat Cat
LIVER PILLS ae
able act nret
but geaUy a
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Ulu. Bi MllMc J.lALLEN,l:pt A9t.FaaOUBB.
aukes lauadrj work a pleasure. H02.pktf.iaa,
Distributor for .
Wtttarn Iowa, Nm-
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Cesses' BMfs, Iteas
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