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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1910)
Consolidated with the Columbtts Titles April
1, 18W; with the Platte County Argcs January
aMredttbe Poctoffine.Calnmb&i.Niibr. b
Acond-ctas mull matter.
Uneraar.br mail, poetaaa prepaid fl.M
His moatha .. .75
WKDNKBDAY. DECEMBER 21, 1P10.
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ers will continue to receive this journal until the
publishers are notified by letter to discontinno,
when all arrearages must be paid. If yon do not
wish the Journal continued for another year af
ter the time paid for has expired, yon should
previously notify ns to discontinue it.
CHANGE IN ADDHKBS-When ordering a
change in the address, subscribers should be sure
to i Ire their old as wf 11 as their new address.
journment, "Who goes home?'
This is the same spirit that preser
ves the custom of haviog every act
and action in the United Kingdom, in
Canada, in Australia, in South Africa
and throughout the self-governing de
pendencies run in the name of the king,
although the monarch long ago ceased
to rule. He is become the most graci
ous and august rubber stamp in the
The British are too conservative
ever to lay the axe to any part of their
institutions and ruthlessly cut it out.
At the same time they are too progres
sive ever to confine themselves to an
antiquated structure; they simply en
large it as they require room for grow
HOW THE BRITISH AMEND
The British people are now engross
ed in the great task of amending their
constitution. The way in which they
go about it is highly instructive to
The simplest method of amending
the American constitution is so diffi
cult and tedious that for about a cen
tury no very serious effort has been
made to alter that instrument, except
when the three war amendments were
fairly pinned on to it with bayonets.
Mark the contrast between British
aud American methods. The House
of Commons, by a majority vote, pro
poses a change in the constitution.
The House of Lords concurring, the
change goes into effect at once. The
lords rejecting it, the House of Com
mons dissolves, and after only a lew
days' campaigning a general election
is immediately held. If the people
choose a majority of members in favor
of the new plan the lords accept it
without further obstruction.
Thus the British constitution al
ways can be amended by the people
themselves, and within the space of two
When the American is told the
British have unwritten constitution he
is inclined to feel somewhat like the
schoolboy on finding that the equator
is only an imaginary line it is hardly
worth talking about. Nevertheless,
there is a written constitution in Great
Britain. It is not only written, but
no clause in it has ever been erased
since its first sections were written and
sigued at Ruiuiymcile eight centuries
The British, however, with that
blend of conservatism and progres
siveuess peculiar of them, while retain
ing their writteu constitution iutact,
have gone ahead and (level peri an un
written constitution also. As in the
larger things, so in the smaller. Long
after Catholics have been admitted to
Parliament on an equality with Pro
testants tiie house never fails to mt on
its annual hunt for Guy Fawkes and
his papist gunpowder plot in thecel
lara of Westminster. So, too, while
members nightly hurry homeward in
taxicabs and tubes the Eighteenth
Century tradition against statesmen
venturing forth in the darkness until
they have had an opportunity to form
groups strong enough to hold their
own against desperate highwaymen is
religiously observed in the cry that
rings through the corridor at every ad-
Their form of government therefore,
is like an old house, to which wings
and Ls have been added by successive
generations and in which the modern
improvements have been installed as
fast as their usefulness has commend
ed itself to the practical minds of the
As the suffrage has been extended
and the people have come more aud
in ore into the government through the
House of Commons, the latter body
has reduced the authority of the House
of Lords, as it formerly curtailed the
authority of the crown. By success
fully appealing to the people in its dis
putes with the lords the commons has
been enabled to overrule them repeat
edly. Their veto power has declined
until they do not venture to question
certain classes of bills at all.
At most, the lords assert the right
to obstruct the passage of a bill only
until the Commons has taken the sen
se of the nation on it in a new general
This complaisance, however, no
longer appeases public sentiment.
The Liberal, Radical, Labor and Irish
majority in the Commons have in
sisted that the lords, like the king
should surrender their veto. A resolu
tion was passed wliich provided that
the lords might withhold their assent
from a bill through only two sessions
of Parliament, but if at a later session
the commons should pass it for the
third time, without waiting for a new
election, it should become a law re
gardless of their objections. The here
ditary chamber refused to consent to
this really revolutionary proposal, and
now the House of Commons has dis-
I solved and the question is before the
people in the present general election.
Whichever side wins, the constitu
tion will be amended. If the coalition
gains a majoirty in the new House of
Commons the veto resolution will be
sent to the lords again, and if they
should refuse to accept ifthe commons
would call on the king to aid it in car
rying out the will of the people. This
call George V would have to obey,
either by agreeing to pack the upper
house with a horde of newly made peers
or agreeing to sign all bills thrice pass
ed by the commons, nothwithsUnding
me opposition oi me upper nouse.
On the other hand, if the Conserva
tives should win, the House of Lords
would be obliged to recognize. The
peers themselves were too well aware
of the temper of the Nation to stand
in the way. As Lord Rosebery has
said, "The House of Lords has ceased
to exist; it has surrendered its life to
Thanks to the Liberals and Radi
cals, the Irish and the Laborities, the
ancient principle of.an hereditary leg
islative chamber has been overthrown.
The lords dared not accept the chall
enge of the coalition. They have,
therefore, hastened to promise a new
and reformed second chamber, if the
people will only intrust the task of re
organization to the friends, rather than
the foes, of the peers. From the Bos
iHSHaV Roy1 . BaBaUF immediately TflMf
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NEW DEMOCRATIC LEADERS.
With the democratic party in proa
pective control of the national house,
with a degree of internal harmony not
previously attained in fifty year, and
with the prestige in the ascendent, the
question of party leadership is a matter
for interesting speculation. The indi
vidual leadership will, of course, be
determined in the near future, but who
the leader will be no one can tell; in
the meantime the new governors, sen
ators and representatives recently
elected, who will supplement the pres
ent official strength of the democracy,
constitute a new group of leaders that
must be reckoned with.
Suoh men as Wilson of New Jersey,
Dix of New York, Plaisted of Maine,
Foss of Massachusetts, Baldwin of
Connecticut, Harmon of Ohio and
New York's progressive Mayor Gay
nor, together with new democratic
senators from New York, New Jersey,
Maine, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana,
Nebraska and Missouri, and new rep
resentatives from a number of eastern
states, whose qualities and powers are
yet to be tested, collectively will have
much to dowith the future of the party.
The fortunes of the democratic party
have turned almost automatically.
The control of the house has been
gained and the membership of the
senate increased by default, so to speak.
There was no great political issue,
policy or personality in the democratic
campaign that resulted in a series of
democratic victories. Neither Bryan
nor Bryanism was a mentionable
factor. Indeed, at this time there
seems to be no division between the
old supporters of Bryan and these who
refused to follow his leadership. What
was left of the old sectionalism within
the party seems to have almost disap
peared. And yet the condition of the
democracy at this time is precarious.
The gains made by the democracy
were almost wholly in the east, where
republican reactionism was strongest.
The defeated republicans are nearly
all eastern standpatters. Therefore,
the democratic party will be in the
control of southern and eastern men.
Just how this may work out is prob
lematical. The south has not always
been independent of the east in demo
cratic counsels. It permitted the east
to dictate the nomination of Parker in
li)04. Just now the wits of the special
interests are employed to commit the
new and rising democracy to conserva
tive policies as opposed to the pro
gressive movement in both parties.
The east will be especially active in
this regard, and it will use every argu
ment and influence it can bring to bear
on the south.
It is already intimated that from
this time forward there will be no
co-operation between the democrats
and progressive republicans in con
gress, such as there was in the last two
sessions; that the democrats will let
the republicans shift for themselves
until the new congress convenes, when
the democrats will be in a position to
initiate legislation. Such a policy, of
course, would give the country the
least benefit of the verdict of the recent
elections, and it would do the party
the least good. For such a policy
would ignore the great truth that it
was the progressive policies, led by a
little band of republicans and backed
up by a majority of the democrats in
congress, that accomplished the defeat
of so many standpatters in the recent
Furthermoie, such a policy would
alienate the west more and more from
the democracy, for the west is the chief
field of the insurgent movement The
party that must clearly foresees that
this movement is to become nationally
triumphhut, and most intelligently
governs itself with reference to that
movement, will soon come out of the
present close political rivalry with a
The collective leadership of the
democratic party iu congress .now is
progressive, and it has been admon
ished to remain progressive -just as
the republican party has been admon
ished to adopt the progressive policies
by the defeat of some of its reac
tionary members. But just what
attitude the newly elected eastern
senators and representatives and gov
ernors may assume cannot be foreseen.
The probabilities especially consid
ering the democracy's traditional
capacity for blundering would seem
to be that the party will become more
conservative rather than more pro
gressive by the infusion of this new
blood. Kansas City Star.
could not understand that robbery and
sacrilege were not intended. She
wanted to go to Sank Centra or some
such place, and her soul was centered
in the resolution to carry her trunk
aboard the nearest train. The gover
nor incognito, intervened, bad her bag
gage checked, put her in the right
coach, hat in hand, asked her how the
folk were at home and wished her God
speed, while she cried with delight.
Then he disappeared, but had lost his
It was just like John A. Johnson, of
course, but with due reverence to the
memory of a very human man, they
have a citizen of Iowa who risked more
than the loss of a traiu to befriend a
woman, an aged woman too. The
story is quickly told (Des Moines
"When a spare, tall man in a slouch
hat and an ulster, the collar of which
concealed his features, volunteered at
midnight to enter a burning building
to bring out a trunk in which the aged
woman said lay possessions priceless to
her, the fireman tried to 'restrain him.
But he evaded them, and regardless of
danger plunged into the smoke and
flames which poured from the open
door. The crowd waited for what
seemed to them nearly an hour for him
to reappear, and the apprehension of
the firemen that he had perished grew
into conviction, when he emerged
dragging the trunk after him."
The hour in the burning building,
as the time seemed, had made awful
ravages on the stranger's person and
clothing. His face was black as if he
had emerged from Pluto's realm, all
the fine lineaments obscured by smoke.
His hat was crumpled, his ulster scor
ched. His hair gave out a pungent
burnt odor. He was pale and unsteady
in his gait. He staggered past the
trembling firemen and vanished. On
ly one man in the vast breathless
crowd recognized the brave stranger;
that man was Deputy Auditor of
State Joseph F. Wall. He reports
that the savior of the trunk and its
priceless contents was no other than
the Hon. B. F. Carroll, governor of
And yet Colonel Lafayette Young
thinks that he can be elected senator
by the legislature. New York Sun.
THE BRAVE STRANGER.
There was a story about the Fate
Gven or John A. Johnson, a true
strv we re sure, that endeared him
even to hi ji.'itical opponents. He
htirrinif incognito along a plat
f. rm iu a railroad station to catch a
train wheu a tremendous hubbub in
the Swedish tongue fixed bini in his
tracks; an unfriended and ignorant old
emigrant woman was trying to retain
her hold on a horseh tir trunk which a
baggageman had laid rude hands upoa.
She wept, gesticulated and railed, but
CAUSE FOR REJOICING.
Three or four years ago a man
named Holden was personally con
ducting a traction engine alone a
country road in Nebraska. He came
to a rotten wooden bridge, which col
lapsed and he was buried under sev
eral tons of iron.
Holden was a poor man, but indus
trious and estimable. He had a large
family and his death left his widow
almost destitute. Suit was brought
against the county for damages, and
it looked as though there was no
escaping responsibility. If counties
were reasonably decent there would
be no effort to escape. But that case
has been dragging along in the courts
for years, until the other day, when
the county's lawyers and the lawyers
for the widow held a conference, and
agreed upon a compromise. The
county paid 8150 and half the costs, or
something like that. The widow had
sued for $,000. Of course she will
not get a cent ol the pititul sum
awarded her. That will go to her
lawyers, and then she'll owe them a
lot of money.
The newspapers at the county seat
where this thing happened are unani
mous in their praise of the admirable
work done by the county attorney in
effecting the compromise. He saved
the sacred taxpayers a lot of money.
Had it not been for his masterly tac
tics and supreme genius, the county
might have been compelled to pay the
full amount sued fur.
Here weee a rich community con
gratulated becaii.-ic it held up and
robbed a widow.
It is the contemplation of such in
stances as this that causes oue to
endorse the statement of lugulls about
purity in jm. lilies.
The county in question admitted tbat
the widows cause was just when it
consented to pav anv mouey at all. It
would be hard to conceive a more
indecent transaction than this, yet the
officials who were parties to it are
praised by the newspapers as though
they had done something highly meri
torious. If a private citizen did such a trick
as that wealthy county was guilty of,
he would be considered too contempt
ible to associate witn wnite men.
WONDERFUL NEW YORK.
When you visit New York, how
wonderful it is! The greatest archi
tects have planned its buildings; its
institutions are the most prosperous,
intelligent and practical in the world.
It has underground railway trains aad
you can ride in them rapidly and
comfortably a distance of fifteen miles
for five cents, on the way passing under
great rivers. Philanthropists have
built great palaces in New York, and
devoted them to art. The hotels of
New York are the finest in the world.
New York is the capital of the most
progressive and intelligent nation on
the face of the earth today.
Still, Dr. Woods Hutchinson, a
doctor who finds writing more profita
ble than doctoring, calmly says that
New York should be torn down, and
rebuilt in a manner fit for human
habitation. The money for this pur
pose should be secured by confiscating
the fortunes of millionaires as fast as
This is foolish talk, but isn't it ex
actly like the talk now so popular in
insurgent magazines and newspapers?
Who is Dr. Woods Hutchinson?
He has not assisted notably in devel
oping the resources of this country; he
has not developed great institutions;
he has not given employment to great
numbers of men; he has done nothing
beyond sitting in his room, and finding
grotesque, foolish fault with men who
have startled the world with notable
and useful achievements.
Yet the suggestion of Dr. Woods
Hutchinson that the wonderful city of
New York be "torn down and rebuilt
fit for human habitation," will no
doubt be received by many people as
a highly important suggestion; but
people who receive Dr. Woods Hutch
inson's suggestion as important have
never done anything important them
selves, never will do anything import
ant, and do not live as comfortably or
sensibly as New York people live.
In the course of a great many years,
a great country has succeeded in build
ing up a wonderful city on Manhattan
bland. A lot of idle people, led by a
man who has won no spurs beyond
writing readable magazine articles,
suggests that New York city be de
stroyed. And people who know
nothing, do nothing, cheer themselves
hoarse at the suggestion.
And the men who actually built
wonderful New York are regarded by
Dr. .Woods Hutchinson and his fool
friends as objects of loathing. But
are not the men who actually accom
plish useful things more worthy than
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Please the Children
When you were young you probably
did not enjoy the advantages of the
telephone, because telephones are
young just children among the
world's great business enterprises.
Neither did you have a thousand other advantages
that your children enjoy. Make your children happy
they can only be children once. Put in a Bell Telephone.
Nebraska Telephone Co.
vty BU Tlwkam is .
Lose Diataae Stettea
DANIEL J. ECHOLS, Local Manager
Bell Service ia the World'
Stauiclard of Telephone Eflciemoy
Cut Littla Girl.
One day while Katnerine's mother
was ill a cup of beef tea was prepared
for her. but Katherine fancied it and
drank almost ail of it. Her father
was about to scold her when her moth
"Never mind; it does me just as
much good to see her drink it."
Shortly after this a dose of castor
oil was prepared for Katherine. and
she poured it into her doll's mouth.
"Why Katherine," said her aston
ished mother, "what did you do that
"That's all right." Katherine replied,
"it will do me just as much good if
she drinks it." Boston Herald.
Tht Danger of Criticism.
If you simply canuot help criticising
at least be careful in selecting your
A magaziue editor to whom O. Hen
ry had promised a story many times
without delivering it sat down one day
and wrote him thus:
"My Dear O. Henry If I do not re
ceive that story from you by noon to
day I am going to put on uiy No. 11
shoes and come down aud kick you
down your own stairs. 1 never fall to
keep my promises."
Whereupon O. Henry replied:
Stories on Doctors.
Sir Arthur Coiiau Doyle told several
good stories of old fashioned practi
tioners lie knew. There was one man.
he said, who never used to wash ou.
the hulf emptied bottles returned to
him. but emptied them Into one huge
jar. from which he dispensed this mix
ture of medicines to his more obscure
patients. "It Is like graneshot." he
said: "one of them Is sure to hit."
There was another man who used to
say. "When my patients are alive I
don't know what is the matter with
them and when they die I don't know
whether they are dead." That was
like the medical wan who said to a
lady whose husband he had been at
tending, "Madam. 1 have a very strong
belief that your husband is dead, but
If it is your wish I have no objection
to a consultation."
"I. too. would keep my promises If
the fools and idlers who suggest idiotic l S.ou,d do " u work with ,u-v "
... i ,. -. o . .- -Chicago Tribune.
iniugs ami can ii progress: aicuihou
SUGAR A MODERN LUXURY.
Each person in the United States
consumes annually at least nis own
weight in sugar, and it would be hard
for us to regard it as anything more
than a daily necessity, yet it is only
within the past four hundred years
that it has grown out of the class of
curious luxuries. Humboldt says that
sugar was known in China in very an
cient days, but if known at all in Wes
tern Asia or Europe until within the
past few centuries, it was only as rare
travelers brought it as a remembrance
of far lands and strange peoples.
There is some foundation for the
idea that sugar was known to the an
cient Greeks, as there may be found in
the classics refrences to honey that
bees did not make, and "honey" made
from reeds. The sugar cane is a reed,
and the term honey seemed to embrace
all very sweet substances. Pliny de
scribed a kind of honey, like gum,
from reeds, which was used as a medi
The Crusaders found sweet canes
growing in the plains of and meadows
of Tripoli, and these, according to the
ancient records, they sucked with much
delight. It is further related that the
juice of these canes were strained and
"dried" to a solid, like salt, and that
this substance was mixed with bread.
In 1420 the Portuguese brought su
garcane stalks to Spain, to Maderia,
and to the Canaries, and from those
places they were carried to the West
Indies and Brazil. In the latter
countries were found soil and climate
perfectly adapted to the cultivation
of cane, and sugar soon took its place
as a staple article oi commerce.
Young Mr. Struckett-Rltch was eat
ing his first meal at a real restaurant.
"What are those?" be asked, point
ing at the finger bowls the waiter bad
just brought to the table.
"Those are to wash your fingers In.
sir," said the waiter.
"Oh. I know that." rejoined youug
Struckett-Ritch. with remarkable pos
session. "I mean are they cut glas?"
The Battlo of a Wook.
The battle of a week was the great
conflict at Tours in which Charles
Martel overthrew the Saracens. A. D.
732. The members of the Saracen
army are variously estimated at from
400,000 to 700.000, and the historians
say that 375.000 were killed on the
field. It is suspected that these fig
ures are a gross exaggeration, but it
Is certain that few battles of history
have been either so bloody or so decisive.
Betty and tho Kitten.
Hetty is only four and often in her
excitement she makes very odd re
marks. The other day she cried out.
"Oh. mother, there's a dear maltlne
kitten all curdled up In the corner!"
A Feat For Willie.
Teacher Wllile. If you bad five eggs
In the basket and laid three on the
table, how many would you then
It Is better to hold back a truth than
to speak it ungraciously. De Sales.
Ml T6 SUNNY SOUTM: Every first and third Tuesday very low bome
seekers' excursion rates ate in effect to the South with 25 day limits, and
every day the winter tourist rates are in effect with all winter limit.
TO CALIFORNIA: Daily excursion rates with attractive conditions, limits.
stop-over privilege, side trips, etc , are in effect. The annual winter move
ment to Southern California by thousands of Americana who doiro to
escape the rigors of the North is now under way.
COLORADO: A two or three weekB sojourn in the winter climate of Colorado
is recommended by physicians as one of the best up-bnildiog tonics available.
The great National Western Stock Show is held at Denver, January. 16-21.
The Burlington takes excellent care of jon to California, either
in through standard or through tourist f-Ieepers with conductors in charge;
via Denver, Scenic Colorado and Salt Lake Oi'y.
WESTERN LAND ritODUGT EXHIBIT will be lu Id in Omaha, January 18 to
28th. All new western localities should lie represented; all farmers and
prospective farmers should sea this instinctive exhibit
I. F. RECTOR. TiGKftt flfnt
L. W. MfAKavLfcY. Con'l. Fassonflor flfMt, Omafca. Near.
y In the Mining Buainosa.
"I think you said. Rastus, that you
bad a brother in the mining business
in the west?"
"Yeh. boss, that's right."
"What kind of mining gold mining,
silver mining, copper mining?"
"No. sab. none o' those; caleimin
Wlfie I am trimming up last year's
bat to save the cost of a new one!
Hubby How good of you! You're a
perfect little angel! Wlfle Am I?
Then give me $10 to buy wings.
A Schoolboy's Story of Jonah.
A school board boy, competing for
one of the Peek prizes, evolved this
confusion of widely different events.
He had to write a short biography of
Jonah, and be produced the follow
ing: "He was the father of Lot and
had two wives. One was called Ish
male and the other Hagber. He kept
one at borne and turned the other Into
the dessert, when she became a pillow
of salt to the daytime and a pillow of
fire at night." From Wheatley's "Lit
"Yon could make my future bright
er." be said, looking at her longingly.
"I could say the same." she replied,
"How?" be asked eagerly.
"Well, an engagement ring with a
diamond in it would help some." she
admitted. Boston Herald.
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