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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 30, 1910)
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Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
1, 1904; with the Platte County Argus January
Katsndatthe Postoffio. Columbus. Nbr.,M
isoosrt ilsii mail matter.
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WSDNEBDAT. NOVEMBER 30. 1P10.
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CHANGE IN ADDBESS-When ordering a
change in the address. subscribers should be sura
to give their old as well aa their new address.
AS TO COUNTY OPTION.
The fact that Nebraska elected a
republican governor and state ticket,
and a democratic legislature, might
seem queer to an outside observer,
unacquainted with the situation. The
result can have but one meaning. The
only possible interpretation of such an
election is that the people chose Aid
rich and the republican state officials
because they had more confidence in
them than in Dahlman and the. ticket
named by the democrats, without re
gard to county option, and that they
chose a democratic legislature because
they were not enthusiastic over county
option. The lawmaking body has
thus been made very close on the
option issue, while the other officers
have been selected because of their
superior fitness for the responsibilities
involved, as compared with Dahlman
and his ticket.
The News pointed out in advance
that there was more involved in the
governorship than county option. The
legislature is where the county option
was more of a real issue. Apparently
the voters took this view and chose
the republican state ticket without
regard to option, voting for democratic
lawmakers with county option in
mind. Norfolk News.
SPLENDID SAN FRANCISCO.
Leaving out Berlin and New York,
and even New York makes uo such
first impression, San Francisco is the
most concretely magnificent city in the
world. With a courage and faith
that can well be called sublime, the
city rallied upon its ruins, not to re
store, for there was nothing left, but to
remake. The three great hotels, the
Palace, the Fairrcount and the St.
Francis, excel the newest and the best
to be found in New York. The Phel
an Building is an example of an office
structure that would loom up even in
the metropolis. It is but one. The
bank buildings are visions of splendor.
Even Chinatown replaced itself with
modernity. Nor is the aera covered
small. The city is one of magnificent
distances, and Faith has gone and
built where it listed, regardless of as
surances or knowledge of the future.
Moreover, this building was done at
perhaps the greatest expense for labor
ever known, the organized artisans
taking small pity on the stricken town
into which the Nation and even the
distant Orient poured relief.
What is the future going to bring
the city? By annexation it could
bring itself above the million mark,
but this is like deepening a well by
hauling earth around the top. Los
Angeles is pressing it closely. It is
now overbuilt to some extent on the
business side. The chilly fact is that
its industries are fading away, going
extensively to the hospitable city to
the south, where labor is free. New
And Senator Tom Carter, "the
bishop of the flock," is among the slain.
The ingratitude of republicans, or at
least of the sheep growers of the
republic of Montana, was never more
manifest It was to Senator Carter
more than to anybody else, unless it
was Reed Smoot, that the wool sched
ules were revised upward in making
the new tariff bill. That schedule has
been a petard to a lot of congressmen,
and its godfather is among those
hoisted by it. In Uncle Tom the sen
ate loses one of the faithfulest cogs of
the machine. In Senator Raynor's
famous roll call of the woolen hier
archy of the senate is a portrait of-the
Montana senator, now so soon to be a
lame duck, which is universally
acclaimed as a masterpiece of fine
outline and true tone. Said the
When I speak of the senator from
Utah as the chaplain of the garrison
I must not omit the fact that the
senior senator from Montana is the
bishop of the entire flock. He does
I not h mi fa to hnwovAr irTion tha tliov.
logians who are under him are absent
upon their pastoral calls to step down
from his high elevation and occupy the
place of moderator of the assembly and
superintendent of the Sunday school
upon the other side of the chamber.
The senior senator is the great pacifier
of his party. There is do hole so nar
row or so deep that any of his col
leagues can get into that he cannot
crawl in after them and bring them
back to the surface. There is no
complexity or difficulty so great that
he cannot relieve the situation.
In losing Carter the senate loses a
rare set of whiskers. Fortunately
what we lose in Tom Carter we gain in
John Kern. State Journal.
The most important thing that the
public needs to know about the terri
ble disease, poliomyelitis, called infan
tile paralysis, is that it is contagious.
The certain knowledge of this fact is
very recent, and is consequently un
known not only to the general public
but to the great majority of even good
The disease has recently been shown
to be caused by a living organism so
small that it can pass through the fin
est bacterial filter. Experiments on
monkeys, in the Rockfeller Institute,
under the direction of Dr. Flexner,
have succeeded in isolating the germ,
which is so small that it is doubtful if
by any device it has been seen. That
it is a living organism is shown, how
ever, Dr. Flexner points out, by the
fact that extremely minute quantities
of the virus "suffice to carry infection
through an indefinite series of animals.
We have propagated the virus now
through twenty-five generations, rep
resenting twenty-five separate series
of monkeys, and as many removes from
the original human material supplying
it, and the activity of the virus for the
monkeys has increased rather than
diminished in the course, and as the re
sult of, the successive transplanta
tions. For all practical purposes, therefore,
the germ, though unseen, is discovered.
They can inoculate monkeys with the
disease and can produce in them im
munization, much in the same way as
the smallpox virus is used on human
beings. As yet, however, the dis
covery has not affected the direct
treatment of the disease, since the pre
paration of a serum antidote sufficient
ly strong to overcome the virus has not
yet been made. What these experi
ments on monkeys have surely accom
plished, however, is to establish beyond
doubt the infectious and contagious
nature of the lisease; and when this
fact is sufficiently realized by the pub
lic, the disease will be greatly lessened
in extent and possibly stamped out by
quarantine and generally preventive
A large percentage of the cripples
one sees is the result of this disease.
You hear someone say that a certain
child was dropped by its nurse and so
developed a "hump" back; that a cer
tain man with a wasted and useless
arm "caught cold" when a child; that
some deformity was due to the effect
of malaria or some other disease.
Such "accidents" and alleged effects
from illness are now thought to be
largely the result of this germ disease.
It is probably that a very laige per
centage of the worst of these deformi
ties may be averted by proper treat
ment The disease itself canLot as yet
be treated. For that we must wait
for the preparation of an antitoxin
and for more knowledge of the symp
toms, so as to be able to make a diag
nosis before the paralysis occurs and
damage is done.
All that can be done at present is to
treat the effects of the disease. The
paralysis results from the destruction
of nerve cells in the spinal cords. A
function of these cells is to supply nu
trition to the muscles. With the des
truction or disturbance of the cells, the
nutrition of the muscles is cut off and
they tend to wither and die.
The essential treatment is directed
keeping the affected muscles in as good
a state of preservation as possible un
til the spontaneous improvement in the
nervous system takes place and the
cells resume their function of supply
ing nutrition. It is essential that
when the nervous force returns it
should find sound muscles to effect
Drugs are sometimes given, but the es
sential treatment consists of massage,
electricity, and muscular exercises.
Some physicians place great reliance
upon electricity, properly applied, but
massage and exercise are relied upon
especially by the majority of practi
tioners, as a means of keeping the mus
cles intact until the cord resumes its
activity. It is probable that all these
are of use in some cases and at certain
stages. The general care of the drild
is extremely important It should be
kept as much as possible in the open
air and should have the most nourish
The therapeutic value of hopeful
ness is decided. If the parents, nurse,
or child is discouraged, the effect is un
favorable. Belief that a limb may ul
timately be properly used tends to
have a direct muscular result. The
concentration of the child's mind, and
its cheerful concentration, on the ex
ercises, is helpful.
The fatalistic attitude toward par
alysis, so long held, forms a bad moral
atmophere for the stricken child. He
should believe that he will get entirely
well, and should be cheerful, interested
happy, and free from all possible nerv
ous irritation. Hutchins Hapgood in
JACKSON AS AN EX-PRESIDENT
Andrew Jackson retired from the
White House more popular than when
he entered, after naming his successor,
as he thought for two terms. His part
ing commands to his friends were to
annex Texas and look out for the Ore
gon boundary. In the boundary dis
pute he wished the country to get "54
40 or fight" Leaving Washington he
said he washed his hands of politics.
But back in Tennessee they gave him a
dinner at which he told Mrs. Polk, ac
cording to her story, that the Presiden
tial scepter would soon return to Ten
nessee and her own fair self should be
the queen. Jackson corresponded
much with Van Buren and seemed
pieasea witn nis administration, so
that after three years he forced Van
Buren's renomination, in the face of
no little opposition. Jackson took the
stump for his candidate in the West
and worked hard, but it cannot be
said wisely. When the Whigs under
Harrison carried the election Jackson
took bis medicine and began to lay
pipes for the next election. He was
an old man, in the poorest of health,
but his spirit and popularity were of
the greatest and Democrats in North
and South looked upon him as capable
of making or breaking a candidate.
Now came sharp work inside the par
ty. Van Buren, up to his defeat by
Harrison, had been able to count on
Jackson's support. But it became
known that he did not favor the im
mediate annexation of Texas, Jack
son's r.et scheme, and the New York
man's enemies set about tc destroy him
on this issue. There is little doubt
about Jackson's part in this contest.
Slavery men obtained from him a let
ter favoring the immediate annexation
of Texas. Gradually they drew from
Van Buren a public letter against the
Texas resolution. Van Buren made
his position clear, and then the Jack
son letter was produced. Apparently
disgusted with the trick which had
been played upon him, Jackson hasten
ed to write a second letter in which he
said that he thought so much of Van
Buren that the Texas question would
make no difference between them.
Nevertheless, he failed to mention the
Presidency, and the public saw the old
allies seemingly at odds, politically if
not personally. From this and other
points, there is good reason to believe
that Jackson did not consider Van
Buren a desirable candidate in 1844.
Van Buren never pursued a braver
course than when he made no effort to
dodge the Texas issue, even though it
was apparent that his position as ac
centuated by Jackson's letter would
cost him the nomination. He was the
choice of a majority of the delegates
at the convention, but could not over
come the two-thirds rule. Polk,
whom admirers called "a whole hogged
Democrat," was nominated and elect
ed. Polk consulted Jackson, but not
Van Buren, about his Cabinet selec
tions. Jackson did not approve of
Buchanan as Secretary of State.
Polk recalled that Jackson had sent
Buchanan as Minister to Russia.
"Yes, I did," shouted the general.
"It was as far as I could send him out
of sight, and where he would do the
least harm. I would have sent him to
the North Pole if we had had a mini
ster there." Which went to show the
frankness with which Jackson address
ed one President, and what he thought
about a later executive. Jackson died
that summer, after Polk's inaugura
tion. It was said that hard campaign
ing killed him.
Jackson's last letter was written to
Polk, who mentions it in his diary as
a "confidential letter of friendship
communicating information touching
on the official conduct a person high
in office, in reference to which Gener
al Jackson in his dying moments
thought it proper to put me on my
guard." So the "Old Hero" stood by
until the end. Conklin Mann in the
FRANKLIN ON EARLY MAR
RIAGE. Indeed, from marriages that have
fallen under my observation, I am
rather inclined to think that early
ones stand the best chance of happi
ness. The temper and habits of the
young are not yet become so stiff, and
uncomplying, as when more advanced
in life; they form more easily to each
other, and hence, many occasions of
disgust are removed. And if youth
has less of that prudence which is
necessary to manage a family, yet the I
parents and elder friends of young
married persons are generally at hand
to afford their advice, which amply
supplies that defect, and, by early
marriage, youth is sooner formed to
regular and useful life; and possibly
some of those accidents or connections,
that might have injured the constitu
tion, or reputation, or both, are thereby
Particular circumstances of particu
lar persons may possibly sometimes
make it prudent to delay entering into
that state; but, in general, when
Nature has rendered our bodies fit for
it, the presumption is in Nature's
favor, that she has not judged amiss in
making us desire it. Late marriages
are often attended, too, with this
further inconvenieuce, that there is
not the same chance that the parents
should live to see their offspring edu
cated. "Late children," says the
Spanish proverb, "are early orphans."
A melancholy reflection to those whose
case it may be! With us in America
marriages are generally in the morn
ing of life; our children are therefore
educated and settled by noon; and
tl.us our business being done, we have
afurnoon and evening to ourselves.
THE MASTER BUILDER.
It was after three railroad engineers
had, for one reason or another, resign
ed from the big undertaking to which
they had from time to time been
appointed, that the government did
what it might very well have done in
the first place. Wallace, the first
engineer who undertook the work of
constructing the canal, threw up the
job for reasons best known to himself.
He was succeeded by Stevens, who
went the way of his predecessor, via
the resignation route. Shonts was
next to be appointed chairman of the
canal commission and chief engineer
of the undertaking. Shonts resigned.
When the news was brought to Wash
ington, President Roosevelt banged
his fist upon a table and announced
with much heat that he would appoint
a man who would stay on the job until
he said he could quit Thus it came
about that Colonel Goethals, a member
of the engineer corps of the army, was
detailed for the work. Previously to
his selection for this conspicuous office
the army man had never emerged from
the obscurity of everyday work well
done. It was therefore among the
possibilities that he might prove
unequal to a task which had already
baffled three of the leading engineers
of the country. But it was a moral
certainty that he would not follow the
course of his three predecessors and
voluntarily abandon it. For, while
army officers have many virtues, res
ignation is not one of them.
But the colonel made good. Those
closely associated with him aud who,
from a knowledge of his capabilities,
his energy and his sterling character,
had recommended his appointment,
knew that he would. Those of the
canal zone who knew nothing of the
man were soon to make the same dis
covery, and incidentally a few of them
were to receive some jolts. The first
to acquire knowledge that a new type
of man had succeeded to the control of
canal affairs was a division superin
tendent It seems that, under previ
ous regimes, when the engineer-in-chief
issued an order, there would always be
someone to tell him how the order
could not be executed or to show him
some better way of doing it And
perchance the thing would not be done
at all or mayhap the better way would
be essayed. It was a few days after
Colonel Goethals had assumed charge
of affairs that he had occasion to issue
an order. Directly appeared a volu
ble division superintendent who came
to tell him how impracticable it was
to carry out the order. The army man
listened while the other argued. Even
tually the voluble one exhausted all of
his arguments and cheerfully opined
that the colonel had been brought to
his way of thinking. "I hope sir," he
concluded, "that you see the force of
"But I was not arguing," came the
calm reply. "I was issuing an order.
Kindly see that it is obeyed."
The man who has charge of thirty
thousand men, and on his hands the
greatest engineering work of the cen
tury, must needs have many things to
think about One of the conspicuous
traits of this officer is that he has time
for everything. Not long ago one of
the canal officials sought out the
colonel and represented to him that
the work on a certain building which
was under construction in the Canal
Zone, and which was to have been
completed on September 15, was pro
ceeding so slowly that the work would
probably not be done before the end of
the year. "Get into my carriage " the
colonel said to his caller: "we'll drive
over to the building and see about it."
Arriving at the building, the foreman
was summoned. "This house," said
the colonel in his usual quiet manner,
"is to be ready on September loth."
Whereupon the foreman called high
heaven to witness how impossible it
was to have the work done by that
date. After he had enumerated the
many insurmountable difficulties and
had found a period, Colonel Goethals,
sitting erect in his carriage, quietly
observed: "I'm afraid that yon did
not understand me. What I said was
that the house is to be ready on Sep
The dazed foreman gasped, and,
after recovering his breath, managed
to stammer, "We will do the best we
"Still,' said Colonel Goethals in his
even voice, "you did not understand
me; what I said was that the house is
to be ready on September 15."
It is a matter of record that the
house was ready on time, and no one
who is familiar with Colonel Goethals
and his .methods doubts but that the
canal will also be ready on time.
Special correspondent in Harper's
FAMOUS STAR GROUP.
The Constellation Orion In Legend and
The constellation Orion is mentioned
In the literature of all ages. In Egypt
It represented Horus. the young or ris
ing sun. in a boat surmounted by stars,
closely followed by Sirius. which was
shown as a cow. It has also been
found sculptured on the walls of
Thebes 5,000 years ago. And on the
men of that early time it shone down
from the same position and with the
same brightness as it does on us today,
a striking example of the uncbange
ableness of the heavens.
From the days of the early Hindus
to the present the constellation has for
some reason borne always a stormy
character. Allusions to its direful in
fluence are found everywhere among
the classic writers. Thus Milton wrote:
When with fierco winds Orion arrived
Hath vexed the Red sea coast.
The loss of the Roman squadron in
the first Punic war was ascribed to the
fleets having sailed just after the ris
ing of Orion. The group has also been
employed as a calendar sign, its morn
ing rising indicating the beginning of
summer, its midnight rising the season
of grape gathering and its early even
ing rising the arrival of winter, with
its attendant storms. In recent times
the group has always represented a
great hunter or warrior. Its present
title came into Greek astronomy from
the Euphrates and originally signified
the light of heaven.
Know Just What to Do and Do
It Without Guidance.
Just so soon as a baby turtle emerges
from the egg oft he scuttles down to
the sea. He has no one to teach him.
no one to guide him. In bis curious
little brain there is implanted a streak
of caution based upon the fact that
until a certaiu period in his life his
armor is soft and uo defense against
hungry fish, and he at once seeks the
shelter in the tropical profusion of the
gulf weed, which holds within its
branching fronds an astonishing abun
dance of marine life. Here the young
turtle feeds unmolested while his ar
mor undergoes the hardening process.
Whatever the young sea turtle eats
and wherever he eats it facts not gen
erally ascertained one thing is cer
tain, it agrees with him immensely.
He leads a pleasant sort of life, bask
ing in the tropical sun and cruising
leisurely in the cool depths.
Once he has attained the weight of
twenty-five ionnds. which usually oc
curs within the first year, the turtle is
free from all danger. After that uo
fish or mammal, however ravenous,
however well armed with teeth, inter
feres with the turtle.
When once he has withdrawn bis
head from its position of outlook Into
the folds of his neck between the two
shells intending devourers may strug
gle in rain to make an impression
upon him. Harper's Weekly.
The Roar of China's Ducks.
Tourists in China are always sur
prised by the number of ducks they
see. There arc more ducks in China
than in all the rest of the world.
Their voices arc a familiar sound in
every town and country spot of the
seacoast and the interior of the vast
empire. Even in the large cities ducks
abound. They dodge between the cool
ies' legs. They flit squawking out of
the way of the horses. Their indig
nant quack will not unseldom drown
the roar of urban commerce. Children
herd ducks on every road, on every
pond, on every farm, on ever lake, on
every river. There is no back yard
without its duck house. There is no
boat, little or great, without its duck
quarters. AH over the laud there are
great duck hatching establishments,
many of them of n capacity huge
enough to produce 50,000 young ducks
every year. Duck among the Chinese
Is a staple delicacy. It is salted and
smoked like ham or beef. New York
Willing to Be Reasonable.
"Do you believe in long engage
ments''" he asked after she had con
sented to be his.
"yes, dearest." she replied. "I have
always thought it was such a mistake
for two people to rush into matrimony
before they learned to really know
"Well, about how long would you
wish the engagement to be?"
"Let me see! Would you think it
was too long if we didn't get married
until a week from next Thursday?'
Before Longfellow bought the house
in Cambridge so associated with his
memory it was owned and occupied by
old Mrs. Craigie. Mrs. Craigie was a
woman of many eccentricities. Some
one once tried to persuade her to have
her trees tarred to protect them from
caterpillars, which also invaded her
neighbors' trees. She refused to be so
cruel to the caterpillars. "They are
our fellow worms." she said.
First Angel What is that spirit f uss-
tn nhnntO Swnml AntrGl She SOTS
her hatpins stick out beyond her halo. J
YOU MAY HELP US
There are three parties to a telephone call the person
making the call, the person called and the Telephone
Company. These three must co-operate if the most ef
ficient service is to be given.
You can assist us by
Consulting; the directorjo be sure yon have the
correct number memory plays tricks.
By speaking directly into the transmitter in a
clear, distinct voice.
By separating; the figures of the telephone num
ber when calliag, for example. Red 12M. Red one-two-three-four.
By correcting the operator if she repeats the
By moving the receiver hook slowly up and down
three or four times if the operator does not ans
By saving much time by identifying yourself
when answering, as, "John Smith talking," instead
of saying, "Hello," and causing unnecessary delay
No mechanical device can ever take the place of
human ingenuity in telephone service; a central operator
is a vital part of telephone equipment.
The Eaglefs First Flight.
H. B. Mucpherson gives a dramatic
account of the first flight of an eaglet
whose life from babyhood be had
watched. One day he ventured to the
edge of the cliff containing his cradle
and looked about Suddenly bis moth
er swung past on silent wings and
"tried to tempt him from his fast
ness." But be was unwilling or afraid.
Again the mother hovered round, and
a wild, weird cry rang through the
glen. "For the first time I had heard
the yelp of the adult eagle, the voice
of the queen of birds calling to her
young. The eaglet cheeped continuous
ly until he flapped to the very edge of
the ubyss, listening to her call. And
now be, too, chnnged his cry; his voice
seemed to break, and the adult yell
burst from his throat. The eagles
called to each other, yelp answering
yelp. The young eagle gazed round
him, spread out his giant wings and
vanished forever from my sight among
the ledges below. The eaglet had left
the nest and had flown."
It was at a Fourth of July meeting
In a little city. The mayor, William
Smith, rose and at dignified length read
the Declaration of Independence.
There was a pause; then from one
of the mayor's old schoolmates came
the loud whisper: "Bill never writ that.
lie ain't smart enough." New York
Tall Student Your father is touchy.
Isn't he? Short Student No. That's
the trouble. Yon can't touch him at
all C.hlrntm New.
THAT WILL MAKE YOU RICH
The greatest combination of industrialism and farming, now rapidly developing,
ia to be found along the Burlington Route in the vicinity of
HARDIN and BILLINGS, HON.,
Axon the BIG HORN BASIN,
where large, deeded, alfalfa ranches that have made millionaires of the
owners, are being divided into small farms, and where Government irri
gated homesteads and Carey Act Lands are available.
A WONDERFULLY RICH COUNTRY: You can get bold of an irrigated
farm within a radius of a few miles of excellent coil, natural gas, illuminat
ing oil, building materials, fast growing towns that have varied industries
PERSONALLY CONDUCTED EXCURSIONS: On the first and third
Tuesdaye I personally conduct Iandseekera' excursions to see these landn.
I Old Books I
I Rebound I
I In fact, for anything in tbe book I
I binding line bring your work to I
I 5fte I
I Journal Office I
I Phone 184 I
Nebraska Telephone Co.
D. J. ECHOLS,
Didn't Like the Suit.
"Sir," said the young man as he en
tered the library for the purpose of in
terviewing the father of the only girl.
"I am in love with your daughter.
Have you any objection to my suit?"
The'old man looked the y. m. over
from head to foot.
"I sure have." he replied. "Why. I
wouldn't wear a misfit suit like that
to a dog tight. Why don't you try
some other tailor?" Chicago News.
There is a strange inconsistency In
''Hamlet." It Is where I la inlet speaks
of "the undiscovered country, from
whose bourne no traveler return."
and yet the play hinges largely upon
the fact that lie has had interviews
with his father's ghost, who had. of
tourse. come back from the undiscov
State of Nebraska, l'latto county. n :
t ounty tourt, ia and for paid county:
In the matter of theeetateof Hannah Dmiw.
! deceatted. late of mill connty.
At a Mstion or tlie County lonrt lor mini
county. holilen at tli Connty Jndge'ti office in
ColumbuH, in saiil county on the IVth day of
November. A. D.. 1910. piewnt John ltattermnn.
Connty Jucltce. On readimtand filing the duly
verified twtition of (Jeo. E. Davis, praying that
lettertt of administration be itumed to 1'nnirl
Selirain on theeutnte of mill decedent
Thenuion. it ia ordered that tho 10th day of
DeceniUr. A. I.. WIO. at 2 o'clock p. m.. In
aiWKned for thn ligprinKof ""' petition at !
County JdiIko'h office in traitl county.
And it i further ordered, that duo lentil nutii-
be KiTen of the pendency and hearinicof wiiil
petition by publication in the Colunibuw Jour
nal three consecutive weeks.
(A true copy of the ordor.)
(Seal) JOHN KATTKKMAN.
Dated. Columbus, Neb., November 21st. UU.
D. CLEM DEflVER. General Agent
Land Seekers Infermatlen Bureau
1004 Farnam Street. Omaha, Nebr.