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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 23, 1910)
Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
1. 1904; with the Platto County Argna January
Intend at taa Poatofioe. Colombo. Nbr.
taoond-claaa mail matter.
TUBS OF SCBBCEIFTICJI
(IttAVM llMnt.ll -. wm.M
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WEDNESDAY. NOVEMISEK 23. 1P10.
8TBOTHEB & COMPANY. Proprietors.
BkNEWALS The data opposite your name on
yov paper, or wrapper shows to what time your
abscription is paid. Thus JanOS shows that
payment has been received np to Jan. 1,1005,
VebOB to Feb. 1, 1005 and so on. When payment
Is made, the date, which answers as a receipt,
will be changed accordingly.
ers will coatiaae to receive this journal until the
nablishera are notified by letter to discontinue,
when all arrearages must be paid. If you do not
wish the Journal continued for another year af
ter the time paid for has expired, you should
previoaaly notify us to discontinue it..
CHANGE IN ADDBESS-When ordering a
jhaage in the address, subscribers should be sure
to give their old aa well as their new address.
The defeat of Senator Albert J.
Beveridge of Indiana is the most con
spicuous casuality sustained by the in
surgents since the inception of the
movement Real tears will be shed in
the insurgent inner circle over the
elimination of the brilliant young
Indianan,and on the regular side there
will be regret over the setback in so
promising a public career. Even case
hardened. Indiana politicians who have
strongly 'disapproved the insurgency of
Beveridge will find reason for sorrow
over his downfall. Undoubtedly it
means that the flames of factional
bittereness will blaze in Indiana for
years to come.
Misled by the aggressiveness of more
fortunately situated insurgent leaders,
Senator Beveridge attempted to do in
the close state of Indiana whatLaFol
lette had done in the state where the
democrats as a political force had been
all but wiped out. Beveridge tried to
cut loose from his republican moor
ings and create a Beveridge party in
Indiana, recruiting it from progressive
republican and progressive democratic
ranks. This was politically impossi
ble in Indiana, because the first stir
rings of republican disorganization
filled the democrats with confidence
that they could go in and win. When
Beveridge snapped his fingers in the
faces of the regular republicans and
beckoned to the democrats ti come
forward and take their places behind
him the democrats balked. They saw
that Beveridge had made democratic
victory a certainty, and they preferred
a democratic victory to a Beveridge
The Indiana outcome was logical.
In a smaller way it typifies the work
ing of the same law that gave the dem
ocrats the control of congress as soon
as the republicans began to advertise
their inability to stick together.
Sioux City Journal.
THE REFERENDUM BALLOT
I A glance at the yards and yards of
jj ballot used at the recent election in
I South Dakota, where the initiative and
referendum prevails, is enough to make
even the most ardent referendum
$ supporters skeptical oyer the political
I results of such a plan.
To a casual observer it would ap
i pear that not one man in fifty would
feverread the great quantity of fine
print on the ballots, giving the laws
that are to be decided upon. And
surely not one man in a hundred could
give the time and thought for intelli
gent investigation that a vote upon
such a proposition should require.
It lias been proved that in a Ne
braska primary campaign, where a
multitude of candidates are to be voted
on, the average voter will be acquaint
ed with but a very few and will vote
,tne balance 01 me ticKct on the Hit or
4 miss plan. It may be imagined how
(much more of an uninformed vote
j might be cast upon propositions so
complex as laws.
In modern business, the specialist is
permitted to do the important things
because he can do them better than
the jack of all trades. The manager
of a big corporation will hire specially
trained men to do their various work,
and will hold them responsible for the
results. The man who attempts to
'take care of the multitude of details,
.soon finds himself swamped and noth-
tiing done as it should be.
H It's a good deal the same m the
I Referendum ballot. The average citi
zen under our present system employs
Specialists to make the laws men who
I i Uaa tma trh nnniunfrota thoir attan.
UC UU1E W KV,UW."WIV, .....
jiion upon the intricate propositions
r,;trislug. U (9 uiuituii iu iiuaiuc uu
intelligent legislation can arise from
P nibmitting a mass of technical reading
I matter to the voter for decision. The
foter hasn't the time and won't take
phe time, in the average case, to intel-
igently cast his ballot upon these
iropositions. Norfolk News.
In no other country than the United
States is there any prejudice against
retaining the services of the highest
public official as long as he represents
the principles of a majority of the
voters. Gladstone, for instance, was
fuur times prime minister of England
and nobody suggested that he was try
ing to make himself the autocrat of
Great Britain. For of course it is
intrinsically absurd to entertain such
a belief in the case of a man whose
power comes solely from the expressed
approval of his fellow citizens.
In the United States the prejudice
against the third term for Presidents
dates back to the early years of the
government. Washington established
the precedent by declining a third
nomination and there is a widespread
idea that he refused it in compliance
with a deep conviction that third terms
should not be countenanced.
The fact, however, is that the sole
reason urged by Washington was that
of personal disinclination for further
public service. He felt that he had
done all that could be reasonably ex
pected of him for his country and that
he was entitled to a few years of rest.
In his farewell address he said he had
hoped to retire at the end of his first
term, but he had yielded to the advice
of friends who felt that he ought not
to give up office in the critical condi
tion of America's foreign relations. "I
rejoice," he continued, "that the stale
of your concerns, external as well as
interna, no longer renders the pursuit
of inclination incompatible with the
sentiment of duty or propriety; and am
persuaded, whatever partiality may be
retained for my services, that, in the
present circumstances of our country,
you will not disapprove my determina
tion to retire."
Toward the end of Adams's admin
istration, when it was evident that the
Federalist party was rent by dissen
sions, and would probably be defeated,
Washington's friends again urged him
to become a candidate. But he re
fused. If he could accomplish a great
public good by running for office he
would do so, but he felt certain that
other Federalists could be found who
would run as well as he.
The anti third term principle was
formulated by Jefferson, not Washing
ton, though Jeflerson pleaded Wash
ington's example in its support When
he was asked to become a candidate
for a third nomination to the service
of the chief magistrate be not fixed by
the constitution or supplied by prac
tice, his office, nominally for years,
will in fact become one for life; and
history shows how easily that degener
ates into an inheritance."
There is reason to believe, however,
that Jeflerson was hunting for argu
ments to support his own inclinations.
He was better adapted to be a political
counselor than to be an executive, and
the Presidency had become distasteful
to him. His administration was end
ing in gloom, and the war with Eng
land was even then impending. These
considerations certainly helped him to
the conclusion that no President should
serve more than two terms. In 1812
friends urged him to become a candi
date on the ground that in the ap
proaching crisis the country needed a
stronger executive than Madison. To
them he declined on the ground of
advanced age and Washington's
It is rather curious that the personal
inclinations of two men a century ago
should have established a sentiment
that still has weight with the country.
Kansas City Star.
The almost certain defeat, by big
adverse majorities, of all the proposed
constitutional amendments submitted
to the people of Missouri shows that
the judgment of the people was very
completely overshadowed by the pre
judices engendered by the prohibition
The record is certainly not creditable
to the state. But it is hardly to be be
lieved that the city and country resi
dents of this commonwealth would
have voted down every progressive
proposal, if it had not been for that
proposition question. Here is Missou
ri left with its university inadequately
cared for, its seat of government and
its records housed in an old, dilapid
ated capitol, its bad roads denied a
policy which would have made them
eventually good. Even the amend
ments merely to permit certain cities
to procure local betterments at local
expense, and subject to subsequent lo
cal approval, go down in a general dis
aster. The prohibiton question should not
soon again be raised to interrupt or
obstruct the course of the state's prog
ress. That question has been answer
ed quite decisively, and unless the
brewers, by arrogant disregard of the
people's demand for strict regulation,
force it to the front, it should be per
mitted to rest.
The people of Missouri desire and
tippiI nnnnrtunitv for imnsrrinl mn
sideration of the state's welfare. Kan-
sas City Times.
Reminiscences of EM Everett late
George S. Merriam in the Outlook.
Edward Everett Hale said that a
good biography of Lincoln could have
been made by asking each of a hun
dred men, taken just as you meet them
to tell you his own particular story
about Lincoln. That would not be a
bad way to compile a biography of
I came to know him in the early
'70s, when I was managing editor of
the Christian Union now the Out
look and he was an occasional con
tributor. One fortunate day Mr. Hale appear
ed in the Christian Union office. He
was tall, with a face no one could pass
without noticing: dome-like forehead,
deep set gray-blue eyes, swarthy com
plexion, haggard lines, a sweet and
ready smile, grizzled hair and a full
beard. His talk was graphic, wide
ranging, full of suggestion and enter
tainment; he was a prince of talkers.
When my wife and I made what
was practically our first visit to Boston,
Mr. Hale, on whom we had no claim
beyond a brief acquaintance, volunte
ered to introduce us to some of the at
tractions of the town, and gave up two
of his busy days to act as the most de
lightful of cicerones. He showed us
not only the famous features of the
Hub buildings, monuments, historic
spots but odd and out of the way
matters of interest. He took us to one
place (it was in winter) where every
day a dinner was given to any person
who asked for it: "We don't publish
it abroad, but no man in Boston need
go without a dinner." He illustrated
the best interiors of the city by show
ing us through the house of a merchant
price a delightful abode, with open
fires and fresh flowers everywhere.
Finally he brought us in touch with
his own work. We attended a meet
ing in his church of a class of ladies to
whom he was giving aseries of lectures
on American history. After hearing
his talk, one felt like discarding all
other pursuits to study history! The
evening of the same day, he took us to
one of his church parlors where he had
invited fifteen or twenty of his young
people, on the threshold of manhood
and womanhood. His purpose was to
enlist them in an informal way in act
ive service to people around them. In
an hour's talk he gave them his fami
liar gospel of helpfulness, with illustra
tions suited to their age and circum
stances, and with a sweet persuasive
ness. Then they all sang together
"America" and "The Breaking Waves
Dashed High." When the meeting
ended, the youngsters came round him,
halfeager, halfshy, with questions and
proposals: "Mr. Hale, could I do so-and-so?"
"Would there be a chance
for me in this direction or in that?"
And so they enlisted for the good
fight not by profession, but by be
ginning with some definite line of ac
The way Doctor-Hale remembered
individual cases and faces was wonder
ful. His congregation was spread
from Newfoundland to Alaska. It
was said of a certain mother, "Her
heart had a separate cell of money
for each of her children;" and Hale
seemed to have an individual niche
for each one of the thousands of souls.
A woman who knew him only by re
WHERE ARE WE GOING?
One of the most difficult questions
that astronomers have to solve is the
direction and velocity of the flight of
the solar system through space. We
ordinarily speak of the world going
round the sun as if that revolution was
performed year after year in the same
path, the sun standing still while the
earth moves. But, as a matter of fact,
the sun moves as well as the earth.
Our planet goes round the sun from
east to west, but at the same time, the
sun moves from south to north. The
earth, therefore, is really traveling, not
in a beaten circle, but in a spiral line,
which is gradually carrying it toward
certain stars in the northern sky. And,
of course, all the other planets also
travel in spirals, going at the same
time round and round the sun, and
with the sun toward the north.
The simplest proof that this motion
of the solar system really exists is the
fact that in that part of the sky toward
which we are going the stars are ob
served to be slowly mo vine apart,
while in the opposite part of the heav
ens they are drawing together.
But now comes the difficnity. On
account of the immense distance of the
star, the apparent motions exhibited
by i hem as a result of our varying
distance from them are exceedingly
slight; far too slight to be detected
without the aid of the most delicate
instruments, applied with an accuracy
and precision that only great skill and
long practice can give.
Then too, each star has an actual
motion of its ownone in one direction
and another in another for, like our
putation found herself moved to con
fide in him and ask his advice in a
domestic problem closely affecting her
happiness. He listened attentively,
then said; "This is, too serious and
complicated for an offhand answer.
Come again in a few days and I will
tell you what I think." Some unex
pected turn of affairs opened the wo
man's way, and she did not return.
Several years afterward she was leav
ing a train at a railway station, and as
she passed down the aisle she saw him
(they had never meet but once) oc
cupying a seat With co sign from
her he reognized her, and leaned for
ward with the exclamation, "My
child, you never came back!"
Of his wit I must give one instance
the only saying of his own which I
ever heard him recall. He was visit
ing Horace Mann in the early days of
ntioch College, and in their walk
uhout the grounds they encountered a
si'i reading, "Gentlemen are request
ed not to spit tobacco juice in the pre
sence of ladies." Hale exclaimed
against it "But it is necessary," said
Mann. "At least soften somehow,"
said Hale. "Put it in Latin." How
could you say it in Latiii?" asked
Mann. "Why," replied Hale, pro
mptly, "Ne quid nimis ne quid nigh
I suppose Hale's exuberant imagina
tion sometimes took him off his feet,
made him over hopeful in his estimat
es, and betrayed him into practical
mistakes. He was not a first class
business man, and he sometimes got
into difficulties from which his friends
had to extricate him a help they
were glad to give. But, in the large
and just view, his vivid fancy, along
with his humor and playfullne3s, con
tributed vastly not only to getting
good work done, but done with ease
and joy. Never was a sinner who had
and made so much fuu as this saint!
I once happened into the lecture room
of his church when he was giving a
reading from his own stories. The
story chosen was "The Yellow Dog"
one of his fantasies. It started with
the going of Joseph to Egypt as prison
er of a company of Midianties, as told
in Genesis. Joseph, so ran the tale,
one night tried to steal away and co
back to Canaan. He got safely as far
as the borders of the encampment,
when a yellow dog barked, gave the
alarm, and Joseph was recaptured.
Now, said the story, if the yellow dog
had not barked, Joseph would have
escaped, Jacob's family would never
have gone to Egypt, and the whole
course of the world's history would
have been different And then en
sued a supposititious history of what
might have been for the next forty or
fifty generations! As I listened to his
drollery I had my eye on the audience
and they were the best of all. A com
pany of genuine Bostonians cultiva
ted, serious, with high purposes and a
good deal of dead-in-earnest (all this
one easily guessed if he didn't see)
and all these excellent folks with a
broad smile often rippling into laugh
ter over a ridiculous story of a yellow
dog and a history that never happen
ed! And I said to myself, "Who em
broiders a serious gospel with a halo of
mirth like our dear old Hale!"
sun, they are journeying through
space, without by any means "keeping
step." The observer must, consequent
ly, in the first place measure motions
that are almost beyond the reach of
measurement, and in the second place
distinguishes the real movements of
the individual stars from their appar
ent movements due to the actual
motion of the earth.
Yet, difficult as this task is, it has
been attempted over and over again,
and astronomers are still engaged on
it. There are two things that they
wish particularly to learn: (1) in ex
actly what direction we are thus
journeying through space, and (2) just
how fast we are going. The latest
results indicate that the point toward
which we are moving lies in the east
ern part of the constellation Hercules,
not far from the very brilliant star
Vega. It is thought that the entire
solai system is moving through space
at the rate of 12 miles a second, but
estimates as to this vary. The Union.
Tha Art of Carpentry.
How many common figurative ex
pressions In our language arc bor
rowed from the art of carpentry may
be seen from the following sentence:
"The lawyer who filed the bill, shaved
the note, cut an acquaintance, split a
hair, made an entry, got up a case,
framed au indictment, impaneled a
jury, put them Into a box, nailed a
witness, hammered a judge and bored
a whole court, all In one day, has since
laid down law and turned carpenter.'
Contrary Human Nature.
, "I suppose It is our natural contrari
ness which makes us do such paradox
"Such as what?"
"As makes us long for things when
we are short." Baltimore American.
INDIAN SIGNAL FIRES.
The transparency of the atmosphere
upon the plains is such that objects can
be seen at great distances; a mountain,
for example, presents a distinct and
bold outline at fifty or sixty miles, and
may occasionally be seen as far as a
The Indians, availing themselves of
this fact, have been in the habit of
practicing a system of telegraphing by
means of smokes during the day and
fires by night; and, I dare say, there
are but few travelers who have crossed
the mountains to California that have
not seen these signals made and res
ponded to from peak to peak in rapid
succession. The Indians thus make
known to their friends many items of
information highly important to them.
If enemies or strangers make their
appearance in the country, the fact is
telegraphed at once, giving them time
to secure their animals and prepare for
attack, defense or flight
War or hunting parties, after having
been absent a long time from their
erratic friends .at home, and, not
knowing where to find them, make
use of the same preconcerted signals to
indicate their presence. Very dense
smokes may be raised by kindling a
large fire with dry wood, and piling
upon it the green boughs of pine,
balsam or hemlock. This throws off
a heavy cloud of black smoke which
can be seen very far. This simple
method of telegraphing, so useful to
the savage both in war and peace,
may in my judgment be used to ad
vantage in the movements of troops
co-operating in separate columns in
the Indian country. Captain Bur
ton's "Overland Expeditions" (1863.)
THE BELTED PLAID.
Was the Original Dress of the
The original dress of the Highlander
was the belled plaid. This was a piece
of tartan t-lmh. two yards broad and
four long, which was drawn arquiid
the waist in nicely adjusted folds atfd
tightly buckled with a belt. The lower
part came down to the knees In much
the same manner as the modern kilt
while the upper part was drawn up
and adjusted to the left shoulder, so
that the riirht arm might be perfectly
free. This tipper part was the plaid,
which was used as a covering for the
shoulders and body in wet weather,
and when the use of both arms was
required it was fastened across the
breast with a brooch, often curiously
enriched. A brooch was also used to
fasten the plaid on the left shoulder.
To attire himself in the belted plaid
required on the part of the Highlander
no small amount of dexterity. The
usual way was to lay it on the floor
and after carefully arranging the
folds to lie down upon it and then
buckle it on. The lower end was fas
tened at the right Idp. The utility of
such a dress in the highlands is ob
vious, for the plaid rendered the man
indifferent to storms and prepared to
pass a night in the open air In the
most inclement weather, while the
loose undergarment enabled him to
wade rivers or ascend mountains with
equal ease. It was thus peculiarly
adapted to the warrior, the hunter and
the shepherd. Loudon Mail.
SHE LOVED. SNUFF.
Remarkable Will and Funeral
The will of Mrs. Margaret Thomp
son, which Is preserved as a curiosity
at Somerset House. England, is a trib
ute to the delights and consolations of
snuff. The testatrix directed that in
her coffin should be buried with her all
her handkerchiefs and sufficient of the
best Scotch snuff to cover her body.
This she preferred to flowers, as "noth
ing could be more fragrant and so re
freshing to me as that precious pow
der." Further, the six greatest snuff
takers in the parish of St James.
Westminster, were to be her bearers.
Six old maids, each bearing in her
hand a box filled with the best Scotch
snuff to take for their refreshment as
they walked, were to bear the pall.
Before the corpse the minister was to
walk, carrying and partaking of a
pound of snuff. At every twenty yards
a handful of snuff was to be delivered
to the bystanders, and at the door of
the testatrix's house were to be placed
two bushels of the same quality of
snuff for gratuitous distribution. In
order to insure the carrying out of her
wishes the testatrix made the legacies
given by the will dependent upon an
exact and literal fulfillment of the
conditions above named. In closing
ebe bade all concerned to regard snuff
as the grand cordial of nature.
Toned It Down.
"King Edward," said an English vis
itor in New York, "hated snobbish
ness. To show how ridiculous snob
bishness was he used often to tell
about an alphabet book of his child
hood. "This book had alliterative sentences
arranged under each letter, thus:
'Callous Caroline caned a-cur cruel
ly. "'Henry hated the heat of heavy
"Under the letter V came'the face
" 'Villlam Vilkins viped his-veskit
"But the young prince's snobbish
tutors thought this sentence too vulgar
and low for their charge and accord
ingly they substituted for It the more
refined and genteel line:
"'Vincent Yining viewed a vacant
Tha Silver Linina.
In life troubles will come whkhHook
la If they would never pass away. The
night and the storm look as If they
would last forever, but the coming of
the calm and the morning cannot be
The reward of one dityJa- the) power
to fulfill another.
THIS SIGN MEMK
Whenever you see the Bell sign it staridsfdr the
advancement of better things in life. It is the
sign of the most powerful influence for broad
ening human intelligence.
You see this march of social and business pro
gress all about you. When a new store is opened a
Bell telephone is there first; when a new resi
dence goes up it is wired for Bell Service.
Just as individuals in your locality use the tele-
Ehone for mutual convenince, so towns and cities
undreds of miles apart are served by the Long
Distance Bell Telephone.
The Japanese Policeman.
Japan has a police force modeled
after the French system. In various
places throughout Tokyo there are
small kabancho, which resemble sen
try boxes, but are larger. Three mea
are attached to each box dally. One
remains Inside resting, while another
stands at the door, and the third pa
trols a beat, returning at regular In
tervals to the box. Stations are
changed every eight hours. After
twenty-four hours' work the three offi
cers are given the same length of time
to rest, and three other men are sent to
the box. During their "off" days the
men are employed In taking census re
turns, making reports regarding the
condition of streets, bridges, embank
ments, drains and cemeteries. They
also report weddings, births, deaths.
theatrical performances and the pres
ence of suspicious persons. Harper's
The Horseshoe Legend.
Here Is an explanation of the old
horseshoe superstition: St. Dunstan
was a skilled farrier. One day while
at work in his forge the devil entered
in disguise and requested Dunstan to
shoe his "single hoof." The saint, al
though he recognized 'his malign cus
tomer, acceded, but caused him so
much pain during the operation that
Satan begged him to desist This St.
Dunstan did. but only after he had
made the evil one promise that neither
he nor any of the lesser evil spirits,
his servants, would ever molest the
Inmates of a house where the horse
shoe was displayed.
TO THE SOUTH: Homeseekers' excursions will continue during the winter
to the South and Southwest; winter tourist excursions are in effect every
day to southern resorts; these excaruoa rates offer an excellent chance to
escape the Northern winter in looking over the land and recreation possi
bilities of the new South.
HOMESEEKERS' EXCURSIONS: On the first and third Tuesdays to the
new lands of the West, including the Big Horn Basin, which country today
offers the greatest combination of industrial and farming resources at the
cheapest rates that caa be found in the country.
TO CALIFORNIA: Every day excursion rates with choice of routea going
and returning, to inolude the whole Pacific slope. Thousands of Americans,
especially invalids and elderly people, have selected Southern California for
their permanent place for a winter sojourn.
Through tourist sleepers to California via Denver. Scenic
Colorado and Salt Lake the all year route.
Send for Burlington publications, "California Excursione," "Pacific Coast Tours."
Let me help yon plan the tour of the greatest attraction at the lowest rates.
L. MT. MMIKKLaVY.
I Mapm Binding
Old Books I
In fact, for anything in tbe book I
binding line bring your work to I
Journal Office I
Phone 184 I
Nebraska Telephone Co.
D. J. ECHOLS,
A Long. Wait.
At a Denver hotel a woman went
Into one of the telephone booths and
sat down. It is not possible to get a
telephone number from the booth the
girl at thi? board has to call it. The
girl went to the booth. "Did you want
a telephone number?" she asked of the
"No." replied the woman. "I'm Just
waiting for this elevator to go up."
The Prince of Wales of Pope's time
once said to the poet:
"Mr. Pope, do you not like kings?
"Sir." replied the poet. "I prefer the
Hon before the claws are grown."
Ho Told Hsr.
"What is It. do you suppose, that
keeps the moon In place and prevents
it from falling:" asked Aramlnta.
"I think it must be the beams. re
plied Charlie softly.
IN THE DISTRICT COUItT OF PLATTE
In the matter of the estate of Freeman M. Cook-
Notice ia hereby gives that in pnnaaace of aa
order of the District Court' of Platte coanty.
Nebraska, made on the !ad day of October.
1MO, for the sale of the real etate hereinafter
described. The nadersiKaed will sell at pablic
vendue to the highest bidder for cash at the front
door of the Court House ia the city of Colambux.
in Platte coanty. Nebraska, on the 25th day of
November, 1V10. at the hoar of i! o'clock p. in.,
the following described real estate, to-wit:
The north half (N.JO of Lots aambered five
(SI sad six (6) in Block member eiaateea (18)
ia Loekner'e second arklifJoa to the village of
HaiBDhrer. Nebraska, said property will be sold
as one parcel. ...........
Administratrix of the estate of Freemau M.
L. F. RECTOR. TlGktt Agent
Oeaf . Passeiifler meat, O
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