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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1910)
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Col u " sm Nebr.
Consolidated with tho folnmbns Time April
1. 1901; with the l'latte County Atkus Jaiiimr
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mill (HiuUiiaAtorHrifitthiiiir(ul until the
oUtlieiMuaaifi fioihwt lir Wtw ti ticintinco.
I.ttn all miur." iimnl Im puiil. If yon do not
.i I. thi Juurunl ntinnl for liWitluT ar af-
Uw tlitiA imid fr hiw nsilrml. yon flionld
jrAvioMly notif "" tllnnnllnBitt.
OIlAMliK IN AIMHtKHH-Whan oniorin a
ir.anjwla UMildri.,aliBcribirathoulil taai
l U Uiair oll as well aa their now wldrnMi.
beginning now to have. The church
schools have been closed, at least tem
porarily, and puhlic education is at
oiuct'i lie provided. If tin republic
; i to eutltire this is essential, fur igin r
ance ami supersitilioii are rife nnum
the people win an now to rule in
Portugal. Another illfct nf the nv-plk-ation
of scientific principle in tin
revolution i.s the .sum 1 1 l-s of lift-.
Tin launching; i'tli; Portuguese re
public coat 3(H) live:, about llieune
as our latest, forest fire.
The .strides mailc by the science uf
revolution, as illustrated in Portugal,
have no .-mall interest for the rest of
the worhl. The swill development of
ellicient machinery of revolution,
machinery that is to the old a the
modern iron clad to the ancient gal
ley, is not a Hglit to reaxMire a throne
or the (tower liehiiul it. A united teo
pic is the greati. M. jwiwer in the world.
People nevei before knew half do well
how to "unite ami c upier"as now.
For II. S. SuHtiT
For ('ttiiirrt-Miiiiu. Third lliclrirt
JOHN F. IMiYl)
At. It. HOI'KWKM.
For Secretary of Statu
SILAS It. ItAllTON
For Attorney Ui'uoral
UltANT i. AlAKTIX
For Laud Commissioner
K. H. COWI.ES
WALTKK A. (iKOltOK
For Suiierintfuilent Instruction
j. v. I'KAirruEE
For ItailroHil Coiiiinihuioiier
HKNKY T. CI.AHKK. JU
Foi Statu Senator
For State Ite'irt-M-utatiift
For County Attorney
C. N. MiKI.FKF.SH
For 8uiervitor, llixtrirt No. 3
C. A. I'ETKKSOX
HITCHCOCK GETS REPLY.
Whether the editor of the World
Herald is pleased with the reply to
his challenge of Senator Burkett or
not does not cut very much figure.
The facts in the matter are that the
senator gave the editor a few things to
think about, but whether that will do
him any good is again a question.
The senator refused to debate with the
World-Herald editor for the reason
that the latter's reputation for truth
and fairness is not of record. He has
repeatedly published false statements
of the senator's vote upon several of
the tariff items and has continued to
do so in the face of the fact that the'
have been shown to be untrue and also
iu the face of the further fact that the
editor of the World-Herald has the
Congressional Record iu his possession
and knows his published statements to
be untrue. On those grounds the sen
ator refused to debate with him aud
said that he had no assurance that he
would be any fairer on the platform
than he was in his paper. He further
"Your long time associate in poli
tics, Hon. William J. Bryan, has
stated in his speeches that you are
unfair in your methods and that you
deceive the people, misrepresent the
issues and do not treat your readers
with ordinary honesty. Surely if he
is warranted in complaining of your
methods, I may be pardoned in men
Mr. Bryan having been formerly
editor of the World-Herald, candidate
for the senate and a close associate,
surely ought to be authority on the
A THOROUGH JOB:
The Portuguese revolution is in the
hands of experts. A revolution by
mob would have been accompanied by
the usual expensive mistake of revolu
tionists. The Portuguese leaders are
scholars. They have studied the re
volution business. They understand
the mistakes of the French. They see
where revolution failed in Spain, and
why it succeeded in Brazil. Before
this revolution was sprung they had
it figured out to scale with blue prints
drawn and buildiug material sawed to
size and ready to set in place. Be
cause of this expert preparation the
Portuguese republic sails offas smooth
ly as the mission rocker we buy
"knocked down" ready for any child
to "set up."
The explusion of the monks and
nuns, a radical appearing policy, is
but a sign of the philosophical work
ing out of this revolution. Some of
the deepest difllculties of the French
republic came of the hostility of the
religious orders, which have great in
fluence with the people. The Portu
guese revolutionists propose to steer
clear of that rock by removing it in
this hour of their greatest streugth.
They propose, moreover, to have no
such struggle between church and
state for control of education as France
has had only lately, and as Spain is
THE CASE OF JOHN DIETZ.
Kxeept that he has J-heil the blood
if his fellow men, not a Miigle state
ment sent out concerning the case f
John Ywz of Winter, Wis., indicates
anything ele than that he was a
shnniefully crsecutcd man. One
cannot read the details of his cae
without mourning the decadence of
that common law axiom that a man's
house is his castle, which he has a
right to defend, even to the taking of
It was the misfortune of John Dielz
to become involved in a clash of
interests with a great lumber com
pany, a millionaire concern that was
all powerful in that section. Feeling
the need of using some of his land, it
simply went ahead and did it, and
when it came to the fixing of the com
pensation trouble began. In the pre
liminary bouts Dietz appears to have
got the best of it in the courts, but he
never got pay for the use of his land.
When he undertook to deprive the
company of the further use of it the
latter resorted to the injunction pro
cess, so potential for the corporation.
For six years the trouble ran its
course until the man began to think
that there was no justice for the indi
vidual in conflict with a powerful
company. Then he became desjierate.
His wife and children became crazed
by the same seuse of injustice, and the
family was goaded into determined
resistance of courts which seemed to
bring no justice to them.
Hostilities intensified until, an agent
of the company having been sent to
pick a quarrel with him, and having
slapped him in the face, Dietz prompt
ly killed him. Quickly following
that tragedy came the ambushing of
his two sons and his grown daughter,
the shooting of the latter in the back
by a posse and her altduction to a
ioint miles away from the home where
her family was beleaguered.
How for days the recognized min
ions of the law surrounded the Dielz
cahiu and poured shot into it, in spite
of the fact that the family, including
the wife and small children, were
domiciled therein, is told in the dis
patches, and how it was out' when his
son had been probably fatally wound
ed, and Dietz himself so injured as to
make further resistence useless, he
surrendered, sending his little daugh
ter out to the blood-lusty posse with a
flag of truce.
The deep sense of jnjury and injus
tice that rankled in the hearts of the
members of that family is best told in
the dispatch wherein it is related that
the wife urged her husband even then
not to give up, but to fight it out to
Morally there is no justification for
the taking of life, although the law
does sanction it in the preservation of
one's own life, the lives of those dear
to him and in the protection of home
It is going to require a deeper in
sight into the details of the terrible
conflict that has waged for years be
tween John Dietz and that powerful
lumber company than has yet been
given in the dispatches from that sec
tion to convince the world that the
whole affair is not a disgrace to the
whole state of Wisconsiu, and that
John Dietz aud his family were not
more sinned against than sinning.
The law recognizes the terrible force
of man's passions, aud discriminates in
the degrees of homicide in that recog
nition. It decrees that he who kills
another in the heat of a sudden passion
is less culpable than one who kills
premeditatedly. Killing in defense of
life and property is decreed to be jus
tifiable. Who of us can say that,
under the circumstances that convert
ed John Dietz into a desperate man,
he would not have lost reason far
enough to take the lives of those who
assailed him in his home, shot his
daughter in the back under circum
stances that seem entirely unjustifiable
and converted the processes of courts
into licenses to murder? Lincoln Star.
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Republicans should not lose sight of the fact that there is another
question involved in the campaign besides county option. While the
party is divided on the option question, there should be no division on
national issues. Nebraska is a republican state, aud should be repre
sented in the United States senate by a republican. The recent
exposure made by the Columbus Telegram of G. M. Hitchcock's con
nection with the looting of the state treasury fifteen years ago, ought
to dispose of him as a possible candidate to succeed Senator Burkett.
The state cannot alford to semi to Washington a man of the Lorrimer
brand of grafters. Hitchcock's election would be a standing disgrace
to Nebraska. His elevation to the senate would mean an endorsement
of Bartleyism and place a premium on fraud, deception and rascality.
Can Nebraska afford to stand for this?
In his twelve years in Washington as a representative of the
people, Senator Burkett's record is without a blot or blur. He has
been a progressive without lieing a radical; he has stood for the inter
ests of his constituents without becoming an intense partisan; he has
made good without incurring the ill will of fair minded and unpreju
diced men. True, he has not so conducted himself as to please some
of the professional politicians in his own party, who have been
disappointed in not receiving the "pie" demanded in the distribution
of patronage, and who now assume that their support is necessary to
assure party success. It was not expected that Senator Burkett would
please the democratic politicians. Democratic politicians always find
fault and denounce the acts of republican congressmen. There never
was a time in the history of the party when democrats were not criti
cising the acts of republicans no matter how commendable the acts
proved to he. The democratic party has always been a party of
protest. For fifty years nearly every democratic convention both
state and national has commenced with the declaration that "we view
with alarm," or "we protest against, etc." The present campaign is no
exception to the policy adopted in past campaigns by the democrats.
It has adopted the same "protot" idea that was raised agaiust Lincoln,
against Grant, against Garfield, against McKinley, against Roosevelt
and against Taft The claim that a bad democrat is better than a
good republican has never been repudiated or amended by the demo
cratic party. It still remains as one of the cardinal principles of the
party, aud is lieing "worked" by the party leaders in Nebraska who
declare that even if Hitchcock is guilty of shoving his hands into the
state treasury up to his elbows, he is entitled to the confidence aud
support of his party for the democratic reason that he is a protester
against republican rule, and voters are asked not to "view with alarm"
the fact that Mr. Hitchcock was unfortunate enr.ugh to get caught in
his financial deals with Bartley. Will the democrats of Platte county
endorse the stand taken by the leaders and allow the machine to cast
their ballots, or will they have' manhood enough to display their inde
pendence by going to the polls and assist republicans in defeating the
very much discredited Mr. Hitchcock.
PAYING FOR POSITION ALWAYS
Governor Judson Harmon of Ohio
has been going through enough diffi
culties of late to satisfy even the Peer
less Nebraskao for a try out of his most
feared rival for the leadership. Gov
ernor Harmon had first the situation
at Newark, O., in which murder and
riot grew out of thcattemptson the one
hand to enforce, aud on the other to
evade, the local option law.
He was no sooner out of that trouble
than the street car strike, accompanied
by riots, broke out in Columbus, the
capital. Practically a state of siege
has been on there for several weeks.
The governor was obliged to call out
troops to overawe the lawless and pro
tect persons ami property. When
Theodore Roosevelt visited Columbus
a few days ago, he was escorted through
the street by troops.
These conditions still continuing,
politics began to creep into discussion.
There never was a condition in which
politicians would not make a play for
position. The mayor of Columbus
wrote a letter to the governor de
manding that he call a special meeting
of the legislature to pass a compulsory
Governor Harmon replied, calling
attention to the heavy expense, adding
that he had no reason to suppose that
a legislature, which a year ago flouted
his recommendations, would now "eat
out of his hand." He reminded the
mayor, with some slight sarcasm, that
the latter might jwssibly have written
his letter in order to cover by a fertil
ity of suggestion of new laws his own
failure to enforce the laws that already
The governor probably had the
mayor there, for it usually is the
weak and ineffective executive who
flies to the legislature for new laws,
when a lack of moral stamina has
prevented him from preserving the
public order with the legal means
already at his baud. (Minneapolis
The New York Central has adopted
adveiti3iug as the quickest meaus to
win advocates among the public to
its right to increase transportation
charges. The method is a good one,
provided the facts .Mihniitted are con
vincing. But are the facts presented
by this great system of that tenor?
That is debateable; very much so.
According to the New York Central,
out of every dollar it takes in there is
paid out 40 cents for labor, ."2 cents
for supplies and 28 cents to pay taxes,
interest and all else. There is then
left a net profit of 10 cents out of
each dollar for the shareholders. This
the New York Central contends is an
insufficient profit for a property which
pays out so great a part of its income
for labor and supplies, and whose pros
perity directly affects a very large
portion of the people over a large part
ot the country.
Thoughtful business men, on whose
welfare the railroad depends for its
prosperity, since they are dependent in
great part on quick transportation
facilities, as they revolve in their own
minds in statistics presented to them by
the New York Central, are not likely
to consider its 10 per cent margin of
profit as small. It is not small.
Hosts of business men are satisfied
with a less profit above all their ex
penses. In fact there are many busi
nesses for which contracts are taken on
a margin of 10 per cent, from which
margin all expenses must be deducted.
These enterprises seem to be prosper
ous. The New York Central's argu
ment is weak, and will not strengthen
its case before the Interstate Commer
ce Commission. New York Financial
TRIED AND FOUND WANTING.
Iu the national campaign of 1908,
when Mr. Latta was elected as a mem
ber of congress, a studied effort was
made to impress upon the voters the
necessity of sending to congress a ilhii
who would specially represent the
farmers and common (icople of this
great agricultural di-triet. The claim
was made that there were no farmers
in congress and that they should have
a representative there to look special
ly after their interests. A strenuous
effort was indulged into convince the
voters that Candidate Latta was a
farmer, pure and simple, and in full
sympathy with their wauls aud those
of the whole m topic. Letters written
upon letter heads upon which In was
depicted at work as a farmer and
stock miser, thereby drawing a strong
inference that farming was his sole oc
cupation, were tent broadcast over
the district. He could stand this dur
ing the campaign, but soon after elec
tion, when he fimi reached Washing
ton, his farmer title was suddenly cast
to the four winds. On hU first ap
caraucc. in the House of Representa
tives the card ho presented bore the
inscription, "James P. Lata, Presi
dent First National Bank, Tvkamnb,
Nebr." Did he m s ii lorirt-t In;
made In campaign as a fitrmci?
Was he ashamed of the occupation, or
did he think Ins title as bank presi
dent more houorable? In his remarks
upon the Postal Savings Bank Law,
priuted in the Congressional Record
of June 20th, 1!U0, he makes the
statement, "I am a practical banker
of more than thirty-three years' ex-
perience," but not a word in those re
marks to his farm life nor to the bene
fit to be derived by the common peo
ple from the passage of the Postal Sav
ings Bank Law. His persistent oppo
sition to the passage of that law earned
him the title "Banker" in lieu of that
of farmer and stock raiser.
His opposition to the Postal Savings
Bauk Law ought to be sufficient rea
son for any fair minded person retiring
him from congress.
During the last session measures of
vast importance came before congress
for its consideration. We ask a care
ful consideration of Banker Latta's
record upon some of the most iinjiort
ant of these measures.
The Postal Savings Bank Law,
which became a law June 2"th, 1!10.
The national democratic platform
UMn which Mr. Latta was elected, as
well as the republican platform of the
same year, pledged their jiarties to the
passage of this law. When the test
came requiring Banker Latta to
choose lietween the common people
and the special interests he promptly
arrayed himself on the side of the
banks and worked and voted against
the passage of the bill (Cong. Record,
June Uth, page I'Xtl.) Mr. Hitch
cock and Mr. McGuire, Imth demo
crats, members from Nebraska voted
for the passage of the hill. Did the
fact that Mr. Latta was a hanker and
personally interested in deposits have
any influence upon his vote upon this
The Railroad Bill, creating a court
of commerce and eulargiug the powers
of the interstate commerce commission,
which became a law June 18th, 1010,
is a measure of far reaching import
ance to every person interested in
freight rates and one in which every
farmer and shipper was directly con
cerned. Yet Bauker Latta saw his
way clear to align himself with the
railroads and voted against this bill
(Cong. Record, June 10th, page 0255).
He failed to vote on the resolution
ordering an investigation of the Sugar
Trust. (Cong. Record, April 14th,
He moved and voted to strike out of
the Agricultural Appropriation Bill
the item of $18,250.00 for the propa
gation and experimental growiug of
trees on the sandy land in Nebraska.
This was the only item iu the bill for
his State aud was saved only by the
efforts of the other memliers of Con
gress from Nebraska. (Cong. Record,
Feb. 1st, page lSOl).
He voted to kill the resolution of
Mr. Henry (a democrat), charging
Speaker Cannon with violating the
rules of the House. (Cong. Record,
April ISth, page f-038).
He failed to secure a single item of
appropriation for his district.
December 14th he was granted leave
of absence for ten days on account of
important business. (Cong. Record,
February 8th he was granted leave
of absence on account of important
business. (Cong. Record, page 2141).
He missed and failed to respond to
twenty-four out of a total of ninety
seven roll calls during the session.
Norfolk Daily News.
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Alone on the Farm
With the children all away in the Ciiy.
Mother, now alone out in the country, koeps
in touch with her loved ones over the Long
Distance Lines of the Bell System.
Ten million miles of wire and twenty-five thou
sand miles of underground conduit connect the
city and the country for twenty-five millions of
The people of forty thousand cities and towns
are kept in touch with -ach other and with the
country by means of five million telephones.
Nebraska Telephone Co.
D. J. ECHOLS,
A Mala'a NMt
Among common animals few have
been less studied In their life history
than the mole. Mr. Lionel E. Adams
says that under the "fortresR" which
the mole constructs above the surface
of the grouud will a I way h be found a
series of tunuels running out beneath
the adjacent field. A curious feature
almost Invariably found Is a perpen
dicular run penetrating about a foot
below the bottom of the nest and then
turning upward to meet another run.
A mole Is never found In bis nest, al
though it may yet be warm from bis
body when opened. 2uided by smell
and hearing, a mole frequently locates
the nest of a partridge or pheasant
above bis ran and, penetrating it from
below, eats the eggs. The adult mole
Is practically blind, but there are em
bryonic Indications that the power of
sight In the race has deteriorated.
A Japan Peculiarity.
"When a Japanese servant is rebuk
ed or scolded." says a traveler, "he
must smile like a Cheshire cat. The
etiquette In smiles Is very misleading
at first. I often used to think that
Taki. my riksha boy.' meant to be im
pertinent when be Insisted on smiling
when I was angry at him. But when
be told me of the death of bis little
child with a burst of laughter I knew
that this was only one of the curious
details of etiquette In this topsy turvy
WhU Uoj3 or Asia.
The whole triln of wild dogs, which
In closely iil'Avd forms are to be found
in the wildest jungles and woods of
Asia, from the Himalayas to Ceylon
and from 'hiua to the Taurus unless
the "gold.'ii wolves' of the Kouian em
pire are inv extinct in the forests of
Asia Minor show an individual and
coriMirate courage which entitles them
to a high place among the most dar
ing of wild creatures. The "red dogs,"
to give them their most characteristic
name, are neither large In size nor do
they assemble In large packs. Those
which have been from time to time
measured and described seem to aver
age some three feet in length from the
nose to the root of the tail. The pack
seldom numbers more than nine or
ten. yet there Is sullieicnt evidence that
they are willing ami able to destroy
any creature that Inhabits the Jungle,
except the adult elephant and perhaps
the rhinoceros, creatures whose great
size and leathery bide make tbeni al
most Invulnerable to such enemies as
dogs. Londou Spectator.
Th Modern lda.
Roman (Julde (impressively) The
ruins of the Coliseum! Seattle Man
(astonished) Well, what do you think
of that! Why. 1 saw photographs of
that heap twenty years ago. Itouinn
Guide (loftily)-Quite likely, sir. Seat
tle Man Rut why in thunder aren't
those ruins cleared away and a mod
ern Coliseum erected? New Orleans
THE RICH IRRIGATED LANDS
In the BIG HORN BASIN,
The HUNTLEY PROJECT,
ARE ON THE BURLINGTON
Personally conducted excursions first and third Tuesdays.
SOIL. The soil is rich, very deep, and is alluvial in character, of grayish
brown loam that yields tremendous returns. Thia soil is not limited to any one
orop hut is showing remarkable results on widely diversified produce. Every
thing prospers here, wheat, oats, hurley, alfalfa, sngar beets, potatoes, garden
vegetables, apples, and all email fruits, as well as live stock, poultry and bees
CLIMATE. The climate is especially attractive here and settlers are fast
'coming into thia desirable country.
GOVERNMENT AUCTION SALE. -Ask about the Government Auc
tion Hale of Crow Indian Lands. One-fifth cath. No residence required.
FREE LITERATURE. If you want to share in the magnificent opportu
nities that this country offers, you should lose n time in sending for free liter
ature prepared by the Burlington Railioad. Write today.
D. CLEM DEAVER. GtntlMl ftf tilt
Land Stakars htfarmaftlM Bureau
1004 Farnam StrMt. Omaha. NOr.
Kind Lady My poor man, what
would you do with the money If I gave
yon a penny? Tired Hobo Madam.
I'd buy a picture postcard an write
yer a note o thanks. Cleveland Lead
er. To lire In heart we leavt behind if
sot to dle.-Campbell.
In fact, for anything in tbe book
binding line bring your work to