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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1910)
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For the Hostess
Chat oa loterestiai Topics of llmay
a Recoaized Aataority
- , ANGELA Jgk
HENHY C r
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ONE thousand Zuiich wo
men have declared for uni
versal suffrage. It is a re
cent movement there,
though otLer Swiss cities
have been interested for some time
in the much mooted question. Alto
gether the little country has 17,000 ad
vocates for giving women the ballot.
Recently the women of Zurich canton
petitioned the state for the right to
act as jurors on a case in which a wo
man was the defendant. Their re
quest was refused. Later, with char
acteristic Swiss bravery, they sent in
another petition to the legislature ask
ing the right to sit in judgment on
special courts, such as are held In
France for adjusting differences be
tween mistress and maid, and other
cases where differences arise between
.i vi oman employer and a woman em
ployee. While this. too. was denied.
Parliament admitted the sex's eligibil
ity to such an office.
"We are not talking much about it."
said the vice president of the Zurich
Woman's Suffrage society, Fraulein
Hounesier. "lest publicity frighten the
state into retarding 'lie concession. It
is not much of a gain, but." she added
with true suffrage optimism. "It is a
step forward. If we had made that de
mand ten years ago. when to speak of
our having the ballot was to be laugh
ed at as a dreamer, our petition would
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Novel Cotton Wedding.
This affair was celebrated way down
In old Kentucky, and was such a de
lightful affair that I am sure our read
ers in all parts of the country will be
able to adapt ideas from it to suit
their own needs and conditions. The
Invitations said "Please come in a cot
ton frock." This conveyed the idea
that it was to be an informal affair.
The spacious porches and grounds
were lighted with many lanterns, and
dotted over the lawn were great whito
cotton umbrellas, such as are used for
shade on wagons. They were on long
stakes driven into the ground, and had
n Japanese lantern lighted and sus
pended from each rib; rugs and chairs
These trysting places were much
sought in the intervals between
dances. There was a large platform
erected with negro players. Just llko
the plantation dance3 before tho war.
Before the dancing the hostess pro
duced bandana handkerchief-aprons, to
which the men sewed the strings;
then a wee colored china doll was
given each girl, with bits of chamois
skin from which she was to make a
pen wiper for her partner.
The refreshments were typically
southern: Individual chicken pies,
hot corn muffins, tiny stuffed peppers,
iced tea and delicious watermelon.
V5f ZWJNOLI PREfiCrlBD Y ZURICHi Ttl? GROHMUR1STER.
not have got past the porter's desk. But a city
that was the first in Europe to open its university
to women will not finally deny us our citizens'
Switzerland has no women's clubs. But while
the suffragists are engaged along one line, anoth
er body of women is woiking for philanthropy.
A group of young -vomcn representing the fore
most Zurich families has organized this year a
practical training school where members study
the needs of poor children and thereby help to
better their unfortunate lot.
"We are endeavoring to interest our young girls
of leisure and education in this work." said one of
the promoters, Fraulein Fertz, herself a beautiful,
earnest, and cultured joung woman. The medical
inspector of schools is assisted by this guild. Chll
dien of the poor receive two full meals gratis In
Swiss schools, and if the mothers of these chil
dren be employed at outside work until a late
hour the guild takei charge of the little ones.
Through the influence of this guild a law was
passed last year by which a guardian Is appointed
for illegitimate children and tins guardian can
ompel the father of a deserted 'hild to contrib
ute to its support. If the mother be under age
also she. too, becomes a ward of this guardian. A
similar organization to the Zurich guild exists In
German cities, and. by a similar state law. the ab
sconder of moral obligations is traced easily and
extradited. To women is due the large number of
temperance restaurants existing in Switzerland.
Frau Professor Oreille of Zurich is the origina
tor or this movement.
Socialism Is spreading In Swit7.rland; though
how a country governed by th referendum sys
tem can be possibly more democratic passeth un
derstanding. Made up of three races, -German,
French and Italian, socialists of these kindred
nations have eirtered Switzerland and scattered
broadcast seeds of discontent in the brave, beauti
tfitl little republic.
Zurich has led in every movement of its history.
It was the storm center of the Protestant Refor
'mation period in Switzerland. Zwingli's home is
here. In the Grossmucnster, whose tall towers
have dominated the town for eight centuries, he
preached the Protestant crusade and was the
church's last Catholic pastor and its first Protes
tant one. High up in one of the towers is a
quaint, seated figure of Charlemagne, the legendary
-founder of Grossmucnster chapter. Back of the
cathedral are the cloisters which now form part of
a girls seminary.
Il an old chapel across the road Is an interest
ing collection of articles relating to the Reforma
tion, including letters written by Calvin. Luther
and Zwingli, each remarkably distinct. There Is
also one by Lady Jane Grey; her penmanship is
legible as print and she wrote the letter in Latin.
Back of this little chapel, called the Water church,
is a splendid bronze statue of Zwingli.
Zurich is the capital of the canton of Zurich and
is situated at the north end of Lake Zurich. It is
the largest city in Switzerland. The old, tradi
tional town, with its narrow, steep streets -and its
high, dark houses, lies on both banks of the Lim
mat. The rest of the city has spacious thorough
fares and splendid buildings. The lake quays in
the Kliene Stadt are very attractive. Near their
northern end is the fine Tonhalle, a popul: mod
ern concert building and pleasure palace. In the
vicinity of their southern end is the beautiful
Bel voir park. Near the Tonhalle. the stately
main street of the city the Bahnhofstrasse
leads from the lake north to the railway station.
The bridges are striking. Adjacent to the fine
Minister bridge is the Wasserkircbe. on the right
bank, containing the city library with K'.O.OOO vol
umes aud over 5.000 manuscripts. It preserves
more valuable objects, including the Codex Vati
canus. The Grossmucnster is Romanesque with
Grecian features. Further north is the Rudeu.
with the national edu
cational exhibit ami
the PestalozzI cabinet.
The modern- Catholic
Church of Our Lady is
a magnificent basilica.
The Church of St. Pe
ter holds the tomb of
Lavator. who was its
pastor. The town hall.
in the German Renaissance, dates from 1694. The
university and the famous federal polytechnic
with their numerous institutions, laboratories and
clinics are In the northern part of Crosse Stadt.
Switzerland la the most mountainous country
of Europe, three-fourths of its area being covered
with mountains. The grandeur of the scenery has
been pictured and described innumerable times.
With the exception of certain portions of Amer
ica, there is nothing in the world to equal it in
beauty. The central and southern parts are oc
cupied by the Swiss Alps, which spread over
nearly three-fifths of the entire area. The Jura
Mountains cover the northwestern portions of the
Far up in the mountains is the beautiful little
town of Einsiedeln. I was fortunate enough to be
present during a week-end musical fete, in which
singing societies from the country and from neigh
boring Bavarian towns were present In numbers
exceeding 2.000. Switzerland, having only the
summer time for holidaying, has organized a
movable sacngerfest by which each town and city
gets its share of gay song and jolly visitors. All
the cantons were represented tit Einsiedeln and
every house was decorated vith Swiss colors,
scarlet and white.
Early in the afternoon the open air concert be
gan. It was held in the vast, sloping square in
front of the Benedictine abbey. The assembling
of the singers was picturesque. Each canton
carried a banner. Individual societies carried
great horns filled with flowers and the women
singers wore white gowns and crimson sashes.
As the quiet, well-behaved little place has but one
policeman, the fire brigade turned out to give a
semblance of civic authority, also to serve as a
guard of honor. And while the marchers were
massing around the conductor's bos a cannon
was kept firing a vigorous welcome. The bright
Swiss decorations on the quaint; gableU houses,
the gay Sunday dress of the women, the encir
cling mountains the nearby ones dark green, the
distant peaks snow-tipped, edelweiss-decked
made a splendid, old world pictures.
And the definite note was the ancient abbey
of Einsiedeln. which called tho town Into being,
and which is one of the celebrated shrines of
Europe. The abbey church, known as Notre
Dame des Er mites. Is a grand b-islllca, the edifice
flanked on either side with monastery buildings.
Since the year 034 the abbey of Einsiedeln has
Housekeeping in Hankow
Among our many wanderings our housekeep
ing in Hankow was an experience I never had
before nor after, writes Florence Gilbert in the
New Idea Woman's Magazine. We have five or
six servants. That sounds fine, but before pass
ing judgment you should have experience with
them! The peace of mind of the mistress de
pends largelj on her 'number one boy." the head
servant, who. if efficient. Is likely to have come
from Ningpo. He is a tall, impressive personage
who wears a blue cotton coat fastening en the
side and reaching to his ankles, without which he
must never appear in his employer's presence.
To do this is only second as a mark of disrespect
to having the cue in any other position than
hanging decorously down the back.
The house coolie at work may sometimes
twist his cue around his head, but the boy never.
Through the boy the orders are usually issued
to the rest of the household staff, translated from
the pidgin English of the mistress. There are
the "Xo. 2 boy." the house coolie, who is the only
one with enough work to do to keep him moder
ately busy; the cook and the second cook, who
is learning his trade at the expense of his em-
preserved an unbroken line from the fust prince
abbot. Eberhard, Duke of Franconia, to the pres
ent head. Abbe Colomban I. It is the only Cath
olic church in the world not dedicated bj human
hands; the legend is that Christ himself perform
ed the act.
Einsiedeln and vicinity were known as the Som
bre Forest away back in the eighth century, when
a holy hermit. Meinrad. the son of Prince Berthold
of Hohenzoliern. built for hims-lf a cell in which
he lived many years. He was murdered by bri
gands to whom he had offered hospitality and
who had hoped to find concealed treasures; all
they got was a chalice and some books. Ravens,
whose evil characteristics had been disarmed by
the gentle heiuiit and had become his compan
ions, pursued the assassins to Zurich, screaming
and picking at the villains' bends. The strange
actions of the irate birds attracted the townspeo
ple's attention and they questioned the murderers,
who, terrified, acknowledged thoir crime. In the
Einsiedeln Abbey coat-of-arms die two ravens.
When the noble edifice was ejected over the
hermit's cell the walls of the cell were enclosed
In black marble and made into a chapel. It stands
In the nave of the church and. while plain in style,
the richness of the material and the simplicity of
design make it impressive. On the altar stands
the renowned statute of the Black .Madonna,
bronze and many hundreds of years old. The
chapel Is known as the Holy Chapel, because of
the remarkable legend regarding its dedication.
This is the story. On September 1-1, fUS. Saint
Conrad, bishop of Constanco, came at the invita
tion of Abbot Eberhard to consecrate the new
church. He was attended by tho Emperor Othon.
the Empress Adelaide and a large retinue of clergy
and courtiers. As they knelt preparatory to be
ginning the ceremony suddenly the chapel became
illuminated with a celestial brilliancy and before
the altar stood the Savior performing the office of
dedication, assisted by the four evangelists.
At the right and left of the divine celebrant
angels swung censers which emitted a thousand
sweet perfumes, the apostle. Saint Peter, and the
Pope. Saint Gregory the Great, htld the vestments
of the heavenly polntiff. and Saint Stephen and
Saint Lawrence, who were the first deacons of
the church to be martyred, acred as deacon and
sub-deacon. An angelic choir, conducted by the
archangel Saint Michael, sang glorious music
and before the altar knelt the beautiful virgin
mother of the Son of God. A stUl earlier legend
has it that when Conrad began the office of dedi
cation he was stopped by a voice that cried out
three tlme3 distinctly: "Cease! brother, this
chapel has been consecrated by God himself."
The journey from Zurich to Einsiedeln is charm
ing. First comes a sail on a lake which Is the
loveliest piece of water in Switzerland, then a
railroad ride through pine woods, among moun
tains, over gorges and past valleys that now are
covered with fragrant, new-mown hay.
ployer's digestion. The cook's chief business Is
going to market aud presenting his account for
It is a strange collection often in that market
basket, whidh a wise housekeeper always sees.
Goat flesh, perhaps, politely called mutton: or
beef that has uecn exposed vr. a flv.ni'n.i ., o
live chicken or two. game of various sorts
pheasant, teal, snipe and perhaps a fish, more
appetizing than one would xpect who has seen
aud smelled the Yang-tse water.
The vegetables are all of the sort that need
cooking, for no intelligent person will run the
risks involved in eating raw Chinese vegetables
In addition to the supplies which can be
purchased in the Chinese market every day one's
diet may include fresh butter from Australia and
all sorts of canned goods shipped from the United
States. Great Britain. France and Germany. These
are sold in shops in the concessions kept by
Europeans. Japanese. Parsees those keen mer
chants from India or even Chinese. While ex
pensive, they are not quite such prohibitive lux
uries as to inspire the remark of the English
missionary's little girl in centra! India, who said
"Mother, I suppose the kin.; has tinned things to
eat every day."
A Neck-Wear Shower.
A fall bride says the prettiest show
er the girls of her home town gave
her was "neck-wear" downpour. The
lox-ely part was that each girl made
with her own fair fingers the dainty
creation for the bride who had grown
up among them and was so soon to go
far away across the sea. No one
can have too many stocks and collars,
and there was every variety imagin
able, some being of Irish crotchet. The
table center piece was composed of
tho white gilly flower, often called
"stocks." and the place cards were
bogus certificates of "stock" drawn j
upon the Bank of Matrimony and
signed by her majesty, the "American
Woman." w itli "Cupid" named as treas
urer. Tho gifts were all done up in
daintv tissue paper tied with white
satin ribbon and were brought In on I
a tray with bows of tulle on each I
handle. A wee maiden dressed as;
Cupid presented the tray to the bride.
on a screen, the children guessing who
was who as each little figure passed
by. This made loads of fun, as it was
done before they entered the big draw
ing room. I had better explain exact
ly how. As the guests arrived (and
they were all very prompt) they tfere
met by a maid who took them into a
side room without removing their
wraps. The screen was in plain view.
Each guest was taken separately, the
wrap removed and he or she was
placed behind the screen. If the chil
dren recognized the character, that in
dividual took a seat in the drawing
room, the chairs being arranged in
rows. When all were admitted there
was a professional entertainer, who
did wonderful tricks for 20 minutes;
then there were games and dancing
for a half hour. Refreshments were
served in the upstairs ballroom, which
had been transformed into a veritable
"wonderland." with a bountiful use of
gold and silver tinsel.
Many little surprises had been
cleverly planned for tho mystification
of the young guests. For instance,
there was an immense water lily made
from paper and placed before a screen
made from a clothes bars covered with
crepe paper and ferns; there was a
petal for each child, which when
pulled down revealed a plate contain
ing an ice cream rabbit. From the
mouth of a huge, fierce-looking cat
there came cookies and from an enor
mous snow ball came'&wee boxes of
bonbons. There was a witch who
passed favors and a clown who dis
tributed balloons. Wasn't this a won
derful party? It sounds rather diffi
cult to produce, but the hostess as
sured me that it had been a delight
to get all ready, as she had the loving
cooperation of a couple of young col
lege men and two adoring aunts of the
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An Unusual Party for Children.
A mother of a twelve-year-old
daughter issued invitations for tfils
very pretty party. Remembering how
children loved to dress up. sho said:
"Please come in a costume represent
ing a character from 'Alice in Wonder
land." When all had arrived there
was a pantomime showing the figures
Heels are to be lower.
Black satin tailor-mades are good.
In materials, pied de poule is one of
The smartest new hats are low,
The plaited frill holds its vogue won
Jet for buttons Is not quite as pop
ular as last year.
The colonel's plume is more than
ever worn on small hats.
Shaded automobile veils are among
the novelties of the hour.
Yellow- Is one of the favorite colors
as the summer advances.
Three Dainty Dresses
Black Bass Tame in Maine Waters
In the thoroughfare stream at Bel
grade lakes, Maine, where the black
bass are protected, they gather
around the steamboat wharf in large
numbers and stay there from the ar
rival of the anglers in the spring
until the water at that point gets too
hot for comfort. Then they all dis
perse in one day.
The great attraction for black bass
around this wharf seems to be large
ly in the fact that a nice, juicy frog
is throw to them once in awhile, and
they all have the fun of rushing for
it, with the certainty that one of
them will get the prize. These bass
are so tame that they will take a
frog out of the fingers of anybody
who will furnish the frog. In fact,
they will sometimes "strike" a bare
finger if it is "offered." There are
various ways of fooling theso bass.
one way being to tie a tempting bait
to a string before throwing it Into
the water. The Joke is to let the
bas3 swallow the bait and then pull
It back for use in fooling another
The Bswer Bird.
One of the most remarkable crea
tures known to natural history is the
bower bird, which builds a miniature
cabin made of small sticks and sur
rounds it with a perfectly kept ring
or circus composed of twies rud moss.
studded with brilliantly colored flow
ers, fruits and Insects. ,s the curious
ornaments become faded they are con
stantly replaced by fresh ones, so that
scientists are inclined to credit the
bird with the possession of the artis
tic sense. In these decorated play
grounds the males meet and pay their
court to the female, the bower being
used purely for purposes of recreation
and not as a nesting place. These
birds are chiefly found in the Owen
Stanley range of British New Guinea.
THE dainty dress at tho left is of
white batiste trimmed at the bot
tom and around tho oke and
sleeves with embroidery. The yoke
and the cuffs are of thu batiste
finely tucked. The sa&h is of rib
bon finished in front with a sash end
reaching to the bottom of the skirt
and ornamented with little pink roses.
The next dress Is of old red voile.
The front of the b!ouse and of the
skirt are made '.vith crosswise tucks
and ornamented with buttons of the
material. The blouse is trimmed at
the top with a tucked band of the
i-oile: the little sleeves and the bottom
3f the skirt are trimmed in the same
Would Yru Defy Age?
Here are thie excellent "Don'ts"
which help to preserve your youthfm
r:css. Don't wash the face in hot water
before going out for a walk. It opens
the pores nf the sk'.n and makes them
more sensitive to dust and dirt.
Don't use soap and water as soon as
you return. Rub a gcod cold cream
into the face and wipe it off with a
Don't wrinkle the forehead when
worried or draw the brows together
In a frown when bright light strikes
the eyes. Nothing r.gcs a woman so
quickiy as deep ridges on the forehead.
San Juan Straw Serviceable.
A smart-looking and serviceable hat
for general wear by a small girl Is of
San Juan straw iu a burnt color, hand
pressed. It Is in a shady, mushroom
shape with trimming of red or navy
blue ribbon around the crown tied into
a bow on either side.
Then there is the prettiest little
best hat that costs only $1. It is of
fine white straw, trimmed with bows
way, and a similar band forms the gir
die. The tucked guiraps and the puf
fed underslcevcs are of white batiste.
The dress at the right Is pink silk
voile. The blouse Is shirred at the
shoulders and crossed in front; the
front is tucked and trimmed at the
top with lace. The collarette is of
tulle, as are also the puffed under
sleeves, the latter trimmed with nar
row bands of liberty. The sleeves
themselves are wide and cut In one
piece with the body of the waist.
The skirt Is trimmed at the bottom
wtih twooverlapping ruffles of the ma
terial. The girdle is of liberty, knot
ted at the left side.
ot satin ribbon and forget-me-nots
This. too. has a mushroom brim and
f:.irly high crown.
Fagoting on Black.
A blaek satin tunic gown seen re
cently was trimmed by two rows of
fagoting, in light green and red, fol
lowing In pattern the outline of the
tunic. The work was finished off by
a double row of French knots in al
ternate red and green.
The black net of the yoke was em
broidered in the same way, and by a
ro.v of little rose pearl buttons.
New Collar and Frill.
A modish shirtwaist shows a frill
of white tucked lawn edged with dull
blue and a strip of embroidery la
buckle effect, with a darker blue for
Hie buckle and a shade matching the
frill edge for the buckled strap. The
stock is edged again with the blue
lawn, and tho smart little bow tie la
of the two shades, the darker show
ing in the under loops.
Patent leather belts with enameled
or Jeweled buckles arc In t!ic icad-
locmity. Yoan for neat
Tf eem for never
Years for parity.
Years for ecoaomy.
Yosrs for every
thing that goes to
make sp a strictlv
high grade, ever
That is Calumet. Try
it once and note the im
provement in your bak
ing. See bow much mora
ecosomkal over the high-
priced trust brands, how
Blsch better than the chean
and big-caa kinds.
Calumet is highest in quality
moderate in cost.
Received Higfccrt Award
World'. Pare Food
W. L. DOUGLAS
METS $2.00. S2M, $3.00, S3 JO, $400, $5.00
WOMEN'S $2.50, $3,$3 JO, $4
SOTS' $2.00, $2.50 &. $3.00
FOR 30 YEARS
They are absolutely the
most popular aad bestahoes
for tho price in America.
Thev are the leaders every
where because they hold
their shape, fit tetter,
look better and wear loa-
fer than other makes. ,
hev are vositiTelv the I
most economical shoes for yon to boy. W. L.
Donelaa name and the retail price are stamped
oa the bottom Yalue guaranteed.
TAKK MO SUMTITUTKt If yoor dealer
cannot f apply yon write for Hall order catalog.
W. L. UUUULAi. HracktM, I
E4Kfv i-J '
M Rri A Bk
I would eay to all: Use your gentr
est voice at home. Elihu Burritt.
Ttt. Pierces pleasant PHlrts cm constipation
onstlpaUon Is th caiirufmniijUlsm'S. t.nr
Itjo caux aal Juu cute llu dicise. &&y totakA
Faith is not a blind, irrational asset,
out an intelligent reception of the
truth on adequato grounds. Charles
Tourist Why do you call this a vol
cano? I don't believe it has had as
eruption for a thousand years!
Guide Well, the hotel managers li
this region club together and keep a
fire going in it every year during tht
eason. Meggendorfer Blaetter.
Not That Meaning.
"The doctor said that Bill wa
drunk when we took tho poor fellow
to have his head attended to lasi
night after he fell."
"Doctor never said anything of tht
"Didn't I hear him? Said it was
"One of the delegates to the conven
tion of the Negro Business Men's
league In New York was wortb
"Here's a pointer for the colored
"Let's have It."
"That delegate didn't make h'.t
money shooting craps."
Roy Bone, a brother of United
States District Attorney Harry Bone,
several years ago was a reporter on
the Wichita Beacon. In going to a
fire one of the members of the tire de
partment was thrown from a hosd
cart and killed. Bone wrote a head,
with this as the first deck: "Gone to
His Last Fire."
The piece got Into the paper and
Bone was promptly "fired." Kansas
to the breakfast table
"crinkly" bits, made
from white corn.
A most appetizing:, con
"The HenMiy Lingers"
Fmtns Cereal CVk. Ltd.
Battto creek. Mich.