The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, September 21, 1910, Image 4

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(folnmhxxs fournal.
Columbu. PTebr.
Consolidated with the Columbus Time April
1 law With the 1lmtte Conatr Argus January
Kn'eradattte Paatoaloa,ColaHbe,Hbr.,as
;rondlaas mail matter.
nun orinMoirnoi: mall,
Six no
Three aoatae.
STBOTHEK Jfc COMPANY, Proprietors.
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I our paper, or wrapper ahowa to what time joor
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payment haa been reoaived op to Jan. 1,1906,
reb(fitoFb.l,lMBandaoon. When payment
ia made, the data, which anawara aa a receipt,
anil be chanced aeoordincly.
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re will coatinae to receive thia journal nntil the
pabUahara are notified by letter to dieeontinae,
hen all arrearages niaat be paid. If yon do not
wiah the Joaiaal oontinned for another year af
ter the time paid for baa expired, yon ahonld
prerioaaly notify na to diaaonttnaa it.
CHANGE IN ADDREHB-Wneo. ordering a
bange In the addreaa,aaiiacribera ahonld be aare
1 1 e their old a wall aa their new addraaa.
For U. S. Senator
For Congressman, Third District
JOHN F. novo
For Governor
For Lientenant-Uovcrnor
For Secretary of State
For Auditor
For Attorney General
For Land Commiesionor
For Treasarer
For Superintendent Instruction
For Hailroad Commissioner
For State Senator
For State liepresentativ e
For County Attorney
For Supervisor, District No. 1
What is the effect of automobilhig
on health? The question is engaging
the attention of our foremost insurance
companies, which are at work obtain
ing statistics from which really valua
ble deductions may lie made. But it
has already been taken up by individ
ual doctors, and, if one may judge by
what they say, the general verdict is
likely to le much in the automobile's
favor, though in special coses where
persons are affected with certain kinds
of complaints its use will be con
demned. Recently Dr. James Tyson presented
a paper in Philadelphia on the effect
of the use of the automobile upon the
heart. His conclusions' were favorable.
He expressed the belief that in niauy
cases of heart trouble the sufferer is
materially lenefited by automobiling.
It gently stimulates the circulation,
affords fresh air, a moderate amount of
exercise and mental diversion, things
which he says have an excellent influ
ence in these cases. In the Medical
Record for August 20, Dr. Bryson
Delavan of New York discusses the
matter from another standpoint, that
of the effect of automobiling upon the
upper air passages. While admitting
that the subject must be carefully in
vestigated before an authoritative
opinion may be reached, he comes to
the tentative conclusion that "properly
used in suitable cases, the automobile
may be a valuable therapeutic agent."
In acute catarrhal conditions, he
says, motoring would seem to be a bad
thing. But in many subacute and
chronic catarrhal conditions it appears
to be distinctly advantageous. And
he states that iu his own experience
many such cases have been benefited
and more than one patient of long
standing has been cured. If sudden
changes in temperature and exposure
to strong winds can be avoided cases
of asthma and bronchitis may be ben
efited by the automobile. Several
cases, he says, have been reported to
himj'in which bronchial asthma, vas
omotor coryza, and hay fever have
been markedly relieved by it." His
opinion concerning the effect upon
patients suffering from throat or pul
monary tuberculosis appears to be less
Common sense will be pleased to find
the doctors' opinion in agreement with
itself. And who shall say that the
indirect effects of automobiling may
sot be even greater than the direct
effects? Automobilists having at last
obtained a whiff of real fresh air are
building sleeping porches, are more
and more oppressed by stale air and
an indoor life. Is it a bad guess that
the only kind of insurance companies
that will be at all likely to discrimi
nate against chauffeurs or others who
pend a large part of their time in
Automobiles will be the accident com
panies? New York Commercial Advertiser.
As water constitutes seventy-one
hundredths of the globe's surface, it
is interesting to know that the infant
science of oceanography is progressing
with giant strides. It is only a very
short time since the first attempts to
investigate submarine conditions were
made, and the difficulties in the path
of the pioneers were such as to de
mand the highest degree of ingenuity
on their part at every step they took.
Just a very few years ago, man's
knowledge stopped a trifling distance
below the crests of the waves. Now
quite a little has been discovered
about matters at a depth of about
twenty thousand feet The extra tem
perature of the water at that depth
has been ascertained. And among
many curious facts established in this
connection is the one that the tem
perature, at that great depth, is al
most the same in the North Atlantic
and Indian oceans, there being a dif
ference of scarcely one degree.
As the pressure of the water is so
great that it pulverizes gass tubes at
a depth of less than nineteen thousand
feet, and as ordinary steel tubes are
crushed at little more than twenty
thousand feet, it is easy to realize
what inventive faculties were neces
sary in the construction of the in
strumenU required in these research
es. And what of the skill shown in
making contrivances that can be low
ered some twenty thousand feet, only
to open automatically at that depth
(or any other lesser depth decided on)
capture specimens of animal life found
there, and bring them safely up to
the exploring ship?
Contrivances such as those just
mentioned have rendered it possible
to secure wonderfully colored speci
mens of animal life at depths of not
much less than 20,000 feet, some
specimens a delicate pink, others a
beautiful violet, others again a bright
scarlet, while some were exquisitely
shaped, all of the specimens blind
though, sight being useless at depths
where eternal obscurity reigns.
At a depth of 100 feet, in water of
average translucency, in cloudy
weather, one can not distinguish a
rock, about a cubic yard in size, at
more than twenty-five to thirty feet.
This naturally provoked the desire to
ascertain how far down daylight pen
etrates, and how long it lasts at var
ious depths. Photographic plates
have been used for the tests, as many
as half a dozen to a dozen ingeniously
constructed cameras being simultan
eously lowered to various depths on
one line, absolutely accurate results
being invariably obtained. Fishrs
require animal or plant food, and as
far down as 000 feet fishes are found
that feed on both animals and plants.
Below that depth there are only car
nivorous fishes, as plant life ceases, on
account of the absence of light, at less
thau 1,000 feet
In some waters, at depths far below
the lowest point reached by the sun's
rays, luminous bacteria shed light
Not long ago a hall, in which an
oceanographic meeting was being held,
was illuminated by means of myriads
of these bacteria in water brought
from the depths of the sea. The water
was in very large glass bottles placed
around the walls, and the effect ob
tained was that of bright moonlight
Not only were those present able to
recognize each other, but the play of
the features could be distinguished
without the slightest difficulty. These
bacteria, however, are not found iu
all waters, possibly on account of the
varying chemical contents of sea
water, samples of which (obtained at
many depths, in many seas) have been
subjected to careful chemical analysis.
Water was obtained, for instance at
depths of twelve to thirteen hundred
feet in the Baltic sea, not far from the
coast of Sweden, and found to contain
such a percentage of carbolic acid as
to preclude animal life. The chemi
cal analysis of sea water, by the by,
has made it possible to determine
where water comes from, when taken
from points where ocean currents are
no longer otherwise discernible, al
though the water of those currents at
the given points has not yet liecome
mixed with the surrounding water
sufficiently to lose its characteristics.
To return to the luminous bacteria,
it is a curious fact that many varieties
lose their luminosity for a while, after
being exposed to sunlight And not
only are there little denizens of the
deep under ordinary conditions,
are constantly and involuntarily lum
inous, but there are some which shed
light only when they desire to do so.
Some months back, a very small op
lophorus grimaldil was brought up
from a depth of some eighteen thou
sand five hundred feet It was placed
in a glass bowl in a dark cabin on
board the ship, and a few drops of
fresh water were then added to the
salt water from the depths, whereup
on the oplophorus instantly jected a
small quantity of a beautiful, pale
blue, luminous fluid. The experiment
was repeated several times at short in
tervals, and each time successfully.
To give an idea of the smoothness
with which the mecanism works, by
means of which specially constructed
cameras, boxes, bottles or other con
trivances can be lowered to a great
depth and raised to the surface again,
it may be well to state that the ap
paratus which captured the oplopho
rus was lowered in forty-four minutes,
and raised in forty-seven minutes.
In the attempts made so far to as
certain the greatest depths of the
ocean, no depth greater than 32,000
feet has been found. Mount Everest,
the highest mountain, is -some 29,000
feet high. The difference, therefore,
between the highest elevation and the
greatest depression, of the earth's
crust as known to man today, is some
Gl,000feet Ocean depths of over
20,000 feet are, however, very rare,
and few reach 20,000. But oceano
graphy is no longer restricted' to the
mere registering of the various depths
the study of sea bottom soils has begun.
There are even today a few score
brilliant inventions, which enable the
investigator to conduct the most vari
ed forms of oceanographic research.
The scores of today will be hundreds
tomorrow. Money, labor, scholarship
and talent have, from the outset, been
lavished on this new science. Secrets
that seemed destined ever to remain be
yond our reach have already been re
vealed, and the light of knowledge is
penetrating the most hidden recesses
of the mighty deep. Boston Trans
For the past year the preachers of
discontent have been appealing to the
people to go to the polls this fall and
vote against every congressman who
supported the Payne tariff law or the
Aldrich-Cannon tariff law, as the
insurgents, and democrats like Hitch
cock, are pleased to term it
The people of Nebraska have been
told that they are being robbed by the
so-called special interest measure, and
a few republicans right here in Nance
county believe it, and accept as the
truth statements sett out to prejudice
the minds of voters against any candi
date who defends the Tafl administra
tion. Speaker Cannon has been held
up as the "bogy man" responsible for
all our national ills, real and fancied.
Senator Aldrich, of Rhode Island, has
been denounced as a man who repre
sents "the system" that is sucking the
life blood of the nation.
It is recalled, that thirty-four years
ago John Sherman was the "bogy
man" the democrats and insurgents
set uf. to scare the people into voting
for a change in the national adminis
tration. Sherman lived long enough
for time, to vindicate the resumption of
specie payment and to see many of his
traducers pass away unknown and
unhonored. Sherman was as much
abused then as Cannon is today; Grant
was alluded to as a sot, and Blaine,
Coukliug, Morton, Garfield and Logan
were placed in the same class by the
enemies of Grant's administration to
which the enemies of Tafi have con
signed every republican of prominence
who defends the Payne tariff' law from
unjust and ignorant criticism.
Under the administration of Presi
dent Taft the country was never in a
more prosperous condition. Agricul
tural communities never enjoyed
greater prosperity. The farmers of
Nance county never had as much
money on deposit iu the banks as they
have today. Land values are higher
than at any time since the country was
reclaimed from its wild state. Every
thing raised on the farm brings a good
price a price so high that the self
styled reform politicians on the stump
in the east are appealing to the people
of the industrial centers to vote for
insurgent-democratic candidates for
congress, using the argument that
flour, beef, pork and all farm products
are too high; that by sending demo
crats and insurgents to congress and
changing the tariff' law the price of
farm products will be reduced and the
cost of living made cheaper.
When a professional reformer goes
out after votes he always indulges in
cheap talk by advocating cheap prices
for everything except the price of
labor and the salary of the office he
aspires to fill.
In the west, the professional re
former is bellowing about how much
cheaper the things produced in the
east will be when he takes his seat in
congress and reforms the tariff accord
ing to the Calhoun idea. But the
reformer does not indulge in that kind
of talk in the manufacturing districts
of the east, where boots and shoes and
cotton goods are made.
The last statement of the banks of
Nance county made the first day of the
present month shows that there is on
deposit more thau one million dollars.
This immense amount of money is an
argument in favor of prosperity that
the professional reformers, and de
fkmers of President Tail, have thus
far failed to answer. It is hard work
to convince a man who is out of debt,
has money in the bank and rides in an
automobile, that such men as Tail,
Cannon and Aldrich are really a
menace to the commercial and agri-
cultural interests
Genoa Times.
oi me country.
There is aa orgaaization called the
American Cancer Research society.
Dr. L. D. Rogers of Chicago is its
president, and Dr. W. A. Guild of Des
Moines, its secretary, is now visiting
Lincoln in its interest
The purpose of the society is in
particular to interest the physicians
and surgeons all over the land ia the
study of this disease; to get them to
keep careful notes of such cases as
come nader their care and report to
the central officer; andto stir up such
public interest in the matter as shall
lead to such work as is now being done
for the victims of tuberculosis.
Dr. Guild is now calling upon Lin
coln physicians and surgeons in ad
vance of the meeting of the society,
which will be held in Chicago next
month. Tuberculosis is no longer in
curable, and thousands of its victims
are nowadays saved completely, or
their lives indefinitely prolonged, but
cancer is still considered by most phy
sicians as perfectly hopeless. Some
day, God grant it will not be far dis
tant, the victim of cancer may also
be of good hope. Some day a physi
cian may, without being charged with
quackery, be able to proclaim his abil
ity to save us from this loathsome
and direful disease. Some day gov
ernment will lend its powerful aid and
philanthropists will build hospitals
for this class of unfortunates, as is now
being done for consumptives. A se
rum or other remedy will be found
that shall stop the ravages of cancer.
A few consecrated physicians are
devoting their lives to the problem.
What they want is the help and co
operation of their fellow physicians
and of the public at large. Lincoln
There appears to be a remarkable
degree of unanimity of feeling relative
to the decision in the Lee O'Neil
Browne case in Chicago. A very
great number of people clearly have
assumed that Browne was guilty of
the crime with which he was charged,
and these are intimating that the
Chicago jury failed to perform its
There may be some slight degree of
comfort in remembering that there are
always two sides to everything, and
that few witnesses are in a position to
see all that is on both sides. Perhaps
it is just possible that Lee O'Neill
Browne has been the victim of a
conspiracy seeing that we all believe
or are beginning to lielieve in Illinois
To go liack to the beginning in the
case: There was a general and pro
per feeling of repugnance when the
chief witness against Browne, Charles
A. White, came forward with the
statement that he had been paid by
Browne to vote for Lorimer.
Men with a normal habitof viewing
matters having to do with public
morality could not quite understand
the action of a man who could be
persuaded to accept a bribe, and who
afterward made the matter public.
Perhaps no thoroughly honorable
man ever has been involved in such a
case, even when patriotic motives are
given as a basis for the action. There
seems something contemptible in the
practice of fighting the devil with fire.
If it is an old method, it still is not a
reputable one.
Moreover, the reasonable mind
simply refuses to believe that the jury
in the second trial of Browne, chosen
with a lively realization of the fact
that the first jury had been placed
under suspicion, should have leen
composed of a majority of unscrupul
ous men. It is only fair to assume
that they rendered a verdict in accor
dance with the evidence and with
their convictions.
We refuse to believe that American
manhood iu any locality has sunk so
low that dishonesty along wholesale
lines can be found. St. Louis Times.
A caravan had brought cholera into
the Turkish city of Van over the route
traveled centuries before by Zenophon
and his ten thousand. The disease
spread rapidly, for its progress was
greatly facilitated by the water supply
that came from a near-by mountain
and ran through the streets in open
The population of the city was
equally divided between Mohamme
dans and Armenian Christians. The
missionaries knew that cholera entered
the body only through the mouth and
that the microbes might be destroyed
by high temperature; they determined
accordingly to persuade the people to
boil their food and drink and sterilize
their cooking utensils. The Moham
medans were impervious to advice;
they declared that inasmuch as Allah
had written upon every man's fore
head the precise moment and manner
of his death, it waa both useless and
blasphemous to try to thwart His will
by infidel precautions. The Anne-
while not equally fatalistic
showed, like their contemporaries in
New York, the indifference born of
ignorance. It was only when people
began to die by the hundred that the
fear of death stirred their lethargy.
Then they turned to their priest,
Hovsen Vartabed, for help.
Now, when the missionaries had
asked Hovsen Vartabed to explain to
his congregation the nature of cholera,
he had replied that the lives of the
people weie ia the hands of the women
who prepared the food and that they
were too ignorant to comprehend the
difference between a germ and a moun
tain lion. But the ingenious priest
had resources of his own. He gathered
his flock into the great Armenian
church, and when they were packed as
close as they could sit upon the floor
he put on his flowing clerical robes,
mounted the pulpit and shaking his
long, bony finger, began to harangue
them as follows:
"Have I not told you, miserable
sinners, that unless you repented and
were zealous in your religious duties,
God would surely punish you? Be
hold, He has permitted the water to
swarm with little snakes, so that the
people perish. Whence came these
snakes? Verily, I say unto you that
they are nought hut devils that God
has unloosed from hell to chasten you
sinners. Disguised as little snakes,
they have fled to the water to cool off.
Woe unto them that drink the cup of
Satan, or cook in unhallowed water,
for them the devils will surely seize
and destroy. There is only one way
of escape; make the water so hot that
the imps will be glad to run back to
Gehenna, whence they came. When
the water boils, you may know that
every bursting bubble is a devil that
leaps from the pot!"
This announcement was received
with cries of alarm and moans of re
pentence. The womeu did not wait
for the benediction; they arose like
startled pigeons, rushed home and be
gan boiling busily. And it was fully
two mouths after the last case of cholera
was reported that the kettles of Van
cooled down. Robert W. Bruere in
Harper's Magazine.
A Display of Juvanil Affaction That
Saved the Mongrel.
About three weeks ago there strolled
into a Ridley Park house a dirty, dis
reputable looking dog. lie was of no
particular breed, but a general mix
ture of all there are. Out of the kind
ness of her heart the cook gave him a
few bites to cat, and from that time
on, try as they would, the family could
not get rid of the canine. The small
children took a great fancy to the dog
and named him Bluie. Their father
and mother grew tired of seeing Bluie
around and secretly plotted to get him
out of the way. They feared to kidnap
him openly by day, for there would
surely follow much protest nnd distress
on the part of the children. According
ly plans were made for losing Bluie
some place far from Ridley Park by
night. The evening that the plot was to
be carried out, just after supper, father,
mother and a fire-year-old boy were
in the parlor. The little fellow was
fondling the dog as if be were his best
friend in the world. Finally be seized
the dog firmly under the shoulders and,
looking straight into his eyes, lisped
out, "Bwooie, do you wove me?" nnd
then after a moment with joy in his
voice, "Bwooie woves me and the
world is mine." After that touching
display neither father nor mother had
the heart to deprive the little fellow
of "Bwooie's" company, and the little
mongrel dog seems sure of a comforta
ble home for life. Philadelphia Rec
Women Who Wateh For Celebrities In
a New York Restaurant.
"I always wonder." said a New York
womau who lunches out a good deal,
"what satisfaction the women get out
of life who flock to a certain fashion
able uptown restaurant at Iuuchtimc
Just to see celebrities.
"They look as if they cannot afford
to be there, and the truth is they do
not apparently go there for food. I
have watched them ordering and
noted what was brought them, and al
most invariably it is some such thing
as cafe parfait, or an ice of some kind,
or a cup of tea or of chocolate and a
"They sit and look. The moment some
stage celebrity comes In there Is a
craning of necks, and you hear excited
whisperings, 'Oh, there's So-and-so!'
mentioning an actress or a matinee
idol, and the neck craning keeps on
until a fresh subject for scrutiny comes
Tou can see this sort of thing every
lunchtime at this restaurant. There is
a regular contingent of these rubber
neckers, and they are not visitors from
the far west, either." New York Sun.
Perils ef the Hair Cut.
"Ouch!" cried the barber and some
thing besides. He stuck the end of
his thumb in his mouth and began
sucking It.
"Cut yourself?' asked the man In
the chair.
"No; it's an ingrowing hair," replied
the barber "an Ingrowing hair under
my thumb nail."
The man in the chair laughed.
"Fact," said the barber. "It isn't an
uncommon thing either. In giving a
customer a hair cut a bit of hair often
lodges under the finger nail, and if it
isn't removed it is apt to fester and
get sore. Sometimes we don't even
know it's there until it begins to get
In its fine work. It hurts like the
dickens sometimes. If you don't be
lieve me, ask any barber and he'll
tell yon the same thing." New York
It is the wise housekeeper who has a Bell
Telephone. She finds that it is as useful in
the home as in her husband's place of busi
ness. The time of personal shopping and
long trips is past, for the Bell Telephone has
taken their place.
Modern methods of social and business life de
mand that your telephone shall be connected
with telephones all over the country. Every Bell
Telephone is connected with five million others.
That should convince you of the value of its
A Peculiar Bird Found In the Junglee
of South America.
There is a queer bird iu the jungles
of northern South America which Is
called the "pauji" by the natives, but
is known to science as the galeated
curasson. It is chiefly remarkable be
cause it sings its owu death song.
It does not really slug, but makes a
deep humming noise which sounds
very much like the Spanish words "El
muerto esta nqul" (the corpse lies here).
"It is while uttering this lugubrious
chant," said a South American travel
er, "that the pauji usually meets its
death, for the hunter can then easily
track it to its retreat, and it falls a
victim, as the Indians say, to its own
death song."
If the pauji gets suspicious it im
mediately ceases humming, and that is
a sure indication to the hunter that
the bird has seen hira or scents dan
ger. In such a case the only thing for i
the sportsman to do is to remain per
fectly still. The bird may become re
assured after waiting awhile and again
begin to call, "The corpse lies here." It
can then be cautiously approached and
If It Is onlv wounded the nauii USU-
ally escapes, though it cannot
innot fly much j
better than the ordinary domestic
fowl. It is very fleet of foot and will
outrun the hunter until it is lost In the
dense undergrowth of the jungle.
In the mating season the male pauji
is the most pugnacious of birds and
will fight its own kind whenever it
meets them. Often the fight ends In
the annihilation of both combatants.
Special September Rates
TO THE EAST: Yon can make an eastern trip at reduced rates any day.
and for many eastern trips the limit has been extended to 60 daya instead
of lit) days.
TO ATLANTIC CITY AND RETURN: Special rates, September 13th to
17th for the Grand Army Reunion.
NEBRASKA STATE FAIR, LINCOLN: September 4th to 9th inclusive.
Special reduced rates and train tiervics from Nebraska point9.
LOW ONE WAY RATES TO THE COAST: General basis, only 425.00;
August 25th to September tHh ami October 1st to 15th to California desti
nations, and from Septemlier lath to Ovtoher 15 to the Northwest and
Puget Sound.
CALIFORNIA EXCURSIONS: General basis, only $50 00 ronnd trip, direct
routes. September 1st to 7th and September 24th to 80tb; $15 00 higher
includes the SJiasta Route
HOMESEEKERS EXCURSIONS: 1st and lid Tuesdays. Irrigated lands
assure a crop and values will greatly increase during the immediate future.
I. F. RECTOR. Ticket AQiit
Columbus. Ntbr.
L. W. MfflKbLbY. Cen'l. Passenger Agent, Omaha. Nekr.
.-...-.- -
Magazine Binding I
I Rebound I
I In fact, for anything in the book I
I binding line bring your work to I
I Z5e I
I Journal Office I
I , Phone 184 I
Nebraska Telephone Co.
Universal telephone connections are as
essential as universal postal service
Lcrdly Disraeli.
Disraeli umv loM a lady that two
possessions which were ludispensable
to other people he hud always doue
without. "1 made." she said, "every
kind of -mijecture. but without suc
cess, ami mi my asking bliu to en
lighten nil lie solemnly answered that
they wen a watch and an umbrella.
'But bow do you manage I asked, if
there liapjHMis to be no clock In the
room and you want to know the time?
1 ring for a servant.' was the magnilo
quent reply. 'Well. I continued. and
what about the umbrella? What do
you do. for instance. If you are in the
park and are caught In a sudden show
er? I take refuge. be replied, with
a smile of excessive gallantry, under
the umbrella of the first pretty woman
In the uiHttT of the rotate of Freeman M. Cook
iDKlmui. tlecwwwl OnU?r to nhiw cause.
To all i4rtMnt interest! iu tht estate of
Fnvniao M. Cookinahan), ilrcvnswl.
Thii raujHM-Jiiioon for bearintf upon the peti
tion of Eugenia 1. CookimiUaiu. ilminitrHtriT
of the f8t..t of Freeman M.(ookint:haui. tit
reaMHl, )ra)inK for licence tosfll the north half
or iotn lite (.r) and six (ill in block eighteen (Is)
of ljwkuT' ttrconU addition to the villauu of
llninphrey. Nebraska, for the pajmentof dhts
allowed OKuinat said estate antl cool of iulmiiii--
It ration owl it apprarinK to tne court, iwk wie
vay ui ,,tt and xenMm. It i'k therfliTe
onleied that all person interested in aairiftHto
uppeHr ueiore iu at- mei-ouri iMMra7u (.umuj
tiDH. Nebraska, on tho :2nd day of October. I'UO.
nt the hour of teu o'clock a. m.. there to hhonr
cause, if any there be, why a license should not
be unrated to said administratrix to sell so
much of said real estate as may be necexsiiry to
pay said debt and expense, and that this order
be published four successive weeks in the t'o
luinlitis Journal
Dated this 3rd day of September. IttlO.
Uko. H.Thomis,
Juifce of the district conrt of Platte county.
Nebraska, . '!-
5338?" r;