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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1910)
Consolidated with the ColnmliOB Times Apnl
1, 1901; with the Platte County Argus January
r.nmt-claM mall matter.
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CHANGE IN ADDllESa-Whea orderin a
s hange is the addrass.aabscribers should be ear
to ft their old as wall aa their new address.
State Auditor Barton was the one
republican state official given the nomi
nation without opposition. During the
last two years be has made a record that
precluded all thought of opposition, and
his indorsement at the polls in Novem
ber will be much stronger than it was
THE FACTS IN RACE SUICIDE.
The birth rate in the United States
in the days of its Anglo-Saxon youth
was one of the highest in the world.
The best of authority traces the be
ginning of its decline to the first
appearance ahout 1850 of immigration
on a large scale. Our great philoso
pher, Benjamin Franklin, estimated
six children to a normal American
family in his day. The average at the
present time is slightly above two.
For 11)00 it is calculated that there are
only about three fourths as man' chil
dren to potential mothers in America
as there were 40 years ago. Were the
old rate of the middle of the century
sustained, there would be 15,000 more
births yearly in the state of Massa
chusetts than now occur. In the
course of a century the proportion of
our entire population, consisting of
children under the age of 10, has
fallen from one third to one-quarter.
This, for the whole United States is
equivalent to the loss of about 7,000,
000 children. So alarming has the
phenomenon of the failing birth rate
become in the Australian colonics
that, in New South Wales, a special
governmental commission has volumi
nously reported upon the subject. It
is estimated that there has been a
decline of about one third in the fruit
fulness of the people in 15 years. New
Zealand even complains of the lack of
children to fdl her schools. The facts
concerning the stagnation, nay even
the retrogression of the population of
Frauce, aie too well known to need
description. Atlantic Monthly.
THE REAL BOOSTER SPIRIT.
The Arkansas Valley Commercial
Association is a unique organization
composed of representatives elected
by the commercial and industrial clubs
of all the towns in the Arkansas Val
ley, from Dodge City, Kaa., to Pueblo
ami Canon City, Col. Twenty towns
are represented in the association, and
the entire Arkansas Valley for a dis
tance of three hundred miles is regard
ed by this organization as a single
The association was promoted by
Mr. Ralph Faxon, president of the
new Santa Fe Trail, and is a part of
the great movement for the develop
ment of the Arkansas River Valley
District resulting from the building of
the new trail highway.
The Arkansas Valley Commercial
Association is a booster organization,
but its purpose is to boost every town
and every interest along the new San
ta Fe Trail. It aims to bring to the
help of anyone community along the
influence of every other communi
ty. If Garden City, Kas., starts a
movement for a new sugar plant, for
instance, the association brings to
Garden City's assistance the commer
cial organizations of every town from
D.wlgc City to Canon City. Its mot
to is "All for one and one for all."
The spectacle of such an organiza
tion working on the co-operation plan
for the development of competitive
towns and communities will afford an
illuminating object lesson for those
towns and localities in other parts of
the country whose idea of building up
their own town interests is to tear down
and destroy the interest of rival locali
ties. With the local commercial organiza
tions to look after local interests and
the Arkansas Valley Association to
look after the entire valley, that part
of Kansas and Colorado traversed by
the new Santa Fe Trail should give
the world a splendid example in the
building of a country, as it is giving
them an example in the building of
good roads. Kansas City Star.
THE FIRE-EATING INSURGENT.
A chautauqua incident of the past
week in Norfolk brought out a condi
tion of the public state of mind which
is not a complimentary commentary
upon this country at the present time.
It was announced from the platform
from day to day, after it became known
that Senator Cummins was not to be
here, that Senator Clapp would come
to town and that he was one of the
most radical of all the fire-eating
insurgents. This brazen announce
ment was made, apparently, with the
idea that the more radical this insur
gent could be painted, the bigger
would be the gate receipts.
It is iudeed a, peculiar state of affairs
when the very fact that a man is
advertised as an insurgent against his
own part' and his own government,
proves a drawing card on the lecture
platform. It is strange that the mere
fact that a man is out preaching dis
content, shouting denunciation against
things as they are, instilling lack of
confidence among the people in the
head of their government, and ranting
around in general against all condi
tions that come to mind, should make
that man attractive to the populace.
And the fact that a chautauqua
organization should make capital of
such a creature of discontent, is not a
worthy reflection either upon the
public or upon the political conditions
of the times.
It might prove profitable to present
the most notorious outlaw of Mexico,
or the brother of Jesse James, or the
Jeffries-Johnson prize fight films, as
chautauqua attractions, but their
drawing powers would lie poor exam
ples of the public taste and their
uplifting influence might well be
As former Governor Buchtel of
Colorado, in his letter to the News,
remarked, the preaching of discontent
in a country like ours is almost a
crime. The preaching of discontent
insurgency agaiust Gaynor through
Hearst's papers resulted a week ago iu
the shooting of the mayor of the big
gest city iu the country. The same
sort of preaching against the head of
the government a few years before,
resulted in the dastardly assassiuation
The preaching of discontent insur
gency against the government in
the early '00s led to the most disas
trous internal strife that this or any
other country has ever known in
those days it was not called by tin
gentle name of "insurgency," but was
baldly labelled "rebellion."
And the same sort of preaching
now, against President Taft and his
administration, by demagogues who
have no thought of the country's good
in mind but who are merely self
seekers of the most vicious type, can
only result in a turmoil in the public
mind which must have serious effect
upon the wellbeing of the nation both
in a business way and a social way.
It is time that the professional dem
agogues who go about tearing down
and throwing mud at the government,
lc relegated to the rear. It is time
that the self-seeking knocker Im
allowed by the public to talk to empty
It has lieen too frequently shown
by the brainless fool who shouts
"Fire" iu a crowd, how quickly the
public can be thrown into a panic by
alarming suggestions. And the same
result must come to the nation if the
fire eating insurgents and the vicious
yellow magazines such as Collier's and
Harper's papers, continue yelling
about everything in existence aud
trying to excite the public mind into a
state of panic Norfolk News.
THE DEMOCRATIC PICKLE.
Whatever the result of the pri
maries there is no doubt that the de
mocratic party comes out of the fracas
of the past few months in the worst
state of disorganization it has known.
The sham fights between Morton and
Miller in the early years, the sharp
struggle which landed Bryan in con
trol sixteen years ago were nothing to
the present persoual feuds and faction
al hair-liftings which fill the democra
tic heart with cuss words and drive the
democratic dirk deeper into the oppos
ing democratic auatomy.
A rough cross section of Nebraska
democracy shows such details as these:
Bryan, the "peerless leader," three
times the national candidate for the
presidency, run over by the state ma
chine at the party's convention, delug
ed with coarse abuse by the leading
machine orators and the street corner
politicians looking for jobs; Dahlman,
democratic mayor of the metropolitan
city, denouncing the democratic gover
nor as a double dealer whose political
promises are false as dicer's oaths;
Governor Shallenberger denouncing
Dahlman as the friend of the toughs
and lawbreakers; Edgar Howard at
tacking Hitchcock as the servant of
Omaha corporations aud breweries;
Hitchcock publishing Howard as a liar
on the World-Herald front page!
Metcalfe, the one sweet singer of senti
mental harmonies in this discordant
Israel, hotly assailed as a Bryan stool
pigeon while his friends vigorously jab
the cold iron into his rival and former
employer; Wooster, the whiskered
prophet of Merrick county, fiercely in
cluding the church the women and
the initiative and referendum in one
sweeping democratic anathema; Billy
Thompson bursting with unspoken
grief in his Grand Island law office;
C. J. Smyth rubbing chairmanship
salve on the sulphuric acid thrown by
the Douglas county "snap" convention;
Col. Bowlby in the Crete Democrat
calling on the Wilber brewery to ltt
go its strange hold on the democratic
party; the old Cleveland democrats
coming out of their holes to whoop
over the defeat of "the peerless;" the
bourbon whisky democrats damning
everyone as a prohibitionist who does
n't drink out of their bottle; the "pop"
democratic scattering for the brush in
all directions while the real old fashion
ed silk stocking democratic gentlemen
who have always given gentility and
respectable standing to the organiza
tion are wringing their hands and re
calling the good old days of Tilden
and Thurman and Horatio Seymour.
Here is where the high lights fall.
In the shailows are the toughs, the re
peaters and the interests handing out
the cold cash to swing a legislature and
a governorship today where they can
use them. It is not a pleasant or a
hopeful picture which Nebraska de
mocracy presents. At the bottom of
all the disturbance are two enemies of
social progress booze and boodle in
terests. These desire to control the
party because they wish to use it just
at this time of possible political reac
The republican party is not without
its contentions. It presents, however,
no such motley, knife-sticking scram
ble as its hereditary opponent. It is
not so filled with thirst for blood let
ting. One reason, doubtless, is that it
has no presidential nominee in the
state. Auother is that it has not such
a rampant whisky clement among its
workiug politicians. It has its reac
tionaries, its worse than standpatter?.
It has its hallelujah chorus of apostles
of the New Jerusalem on earth. It
has its impracticables and its intoler
ants. But it has no such explosive
boiling of unmixable elements as the
seething mass in the democratic hog
killing kettle. Probably that is why
it offers the voter a more reasonable
hope for rational progress in legisla
tion and administration than its more
pugilistic and picturesque antagonist
CUMMINS FOR PRESIDENT.
A meteor shot athwart the Iowa
skies and struck the earth with a noise
like thunder. A search failed to re
veal the spot where it fell, f he fiery
visitor from space was all sound and
vanished into thin air. But the shep
heds of the iusurgeut flock who saw
the portent say it filled its mission.
It had foretold the coming into the
world of the Cummins presidential
boom, the first born of the insurgents.
Now, if we sympathize with their read
ing of the stars and indulge the fanci
ful belief that the Iowa meteor typifies
the stork in politics, may we not make
bold to ask what the incontinent snuff
ing out of the luminous omen signifies?
Dismissing the meteor for what it is
worth as the divining rod of the Cum
mins boom, the less intangible side of
the new development of the campaign
merits attention. If it is to he accept
ed as a reply to Ohio's indorsement of
President Taft for a second term, it
means that" insurgency elects to have
the republican party put on record as
between standpat anil progressive pre
sidential aspirants at the pools this
fall. Seeing that if they should fail to
hold the balance of power in the next
congress they would become a negligi
ble quantity in legislation, the insur
gents seem to have resolved to retain
their prestige by creating an issue
which would give them a new lease of
life. Is is a desperate game they are
playing, but the weakness of their
tactical position seemed to require it
The drawing of the factional lines
which will follow upon the Cummins
announcement destroys any chance
they may have had to hold their own
in November, for without the support
of the regulars, which they now for
feit, their congressional nominees
have no chance in close districts, if,
The scant indorsement of the Tail
administration in the Iowa platform
forces, the belief that the Cummins
boom had been practically determined
upon before the state convention was
held. That the president was given
any sort rf an indorsement seems to
have been owing to a desire to save
the face of insurgents in other states
who are pledged to support the admin
istration. Washington Post.
Keeping His Word.
"Mr. Dnstln Stax said be waa going
to retire with a fortune."
"He has kept his word. Whenever
a goes to sleep be puts his wallet
Us check book under his pfflow."
A CENTURY OF SAVING.
One man has atade the world rich.
Thrifty Scotchman he was. Quiet
aud unassuming his personality. No
idea' had he that he was to begin a
movement that would be greater in its
results than the costly conquests of
Nor did he ever know. While the
world at large was lauding its heroes,
its statesmen, its financiers, this unas
suming personage passed away. The
heedless millions took no note of the
demise of the Rev. Henry Duncan of
Ruth well, Scotland. He went, as he
hail lived, quietly.
Yet this was the founder of the sav
ings banks, that institution which has
marked the rise to prosperity of the
peoples of many nations.
Those of today do not realize the
compcrative scarcity of money a gener
ation or so ago. And one hundred
years back, when the original ancestor
of the savings bank came into being,
the great common people were just one
remove from serfs. Nominally they
were free. Actually and practically
the most of them, outside of America,
were so dependent on their overlords,
or landlords, that the idea of having
a reserve supply of cash never entered
their heads. Since then the masses
have put away nearly fourteen and a
half billions of dollars, or about as
much as the world's total supply of
actual money, including unsecured
So far as the rank and file are con
cerned, this year brings one of the
greatest of centennials. For in 1810
it was that the Rev. Mr. Duncan, who
had been shocked and grieved by the
wastefulness of his charges, offered to
pay 5 per cent interest on any savings
his parishioners might leave with him.
In those times the interest rates were
much higher than- nowadays. Money
was scarcer, and stiff charges for the
use of it were natural.
Therefore this thrifty pastor was
able to handle the funds intrusted to
him in such manner that he was able
to pay the promised interest and to
put the savings movement on a self
Then were noticed the first fruits of
the savings bank. Its prime results
From the first, therefore, it became
apparent that the savings bank was as
much of a moral as a financial agent
To save something for a rainy day
men gave up, or at least controlled,
their bad habits. Having saved, they
became belter citizens, solid and sub
stantial, with a motive for adding to
the welfare of the government that
protected the hoards that gave them a
natural feeling of prosperity and
Just one hundred years later the
American government awoke to the
merits of postal savings banks and
passed a bill for their establishment
Perhaps in many ways the American
postal savings bank bill leaves much
to be desired. Still, it marks an epoch,
just as did the original savings bank a
hundred years ago. For the savings
habit most nearly becomes universal
as the amounts that may be deposited
are reilucedjto the smallest practical
figure. The postal bank, by handling
exceedingly small amounts, encoura
ges even the smallest of wage earners
Another thing the suspicion in
which some people hold financial
institutions does not apply when the
faith of the government is behind all
The result: every man who has a
deposit is interested in maintaining the
government. The man of millions is
uo more fearful for the preservation of
vested rights and interests than is the
man who feels rich on a 850 surplus.
SWEDES LIKE ROOSEVELT.
Theodore Roosevelt is regarded in
Sweden as the greatest man of his
time, according to Colonel T. H.
Graves, American minister to Sweden.
Colonel and Mrs. Graves are home
for a vacation, and will spend most of
the time at their home in Duluth, re
turning to Sweden in August On
the occasion of Air. Roosevelt's visit
to Stockholm Colonel Graves natural
ly took a prominent part in the cere
monies. "Mr. Roosevelt was well
known in Sweden before his visit,"
said Colonel Graves today. "The
large number of people who have left
Sweden for the United States natural
ly have many relatives in the mother
country. They in their correspond
ence have described America to the
people at home, and the great number
of people returning to Sweden carry
glowing reports of our progress.
"Mr. Roosevelt spoke in Stockholm
at a dinner in the presence of the fore
most men in Sweden. His speech at
that time was characteristic of the
man and was well received. Those
present were not disappointed; they
had felt the greatness of the man, and
at the time they were convinced of his
power. Many of the leading citizens
of StockholstLcameto rae and express
ed their keen delight over Roosevelt's
presence. They all looked upon hiss
as the greatest man of the tisse.
Roosevelt's only other speech waa
made on the occasion of a serenade
given him at his hotel by two of
Stockholm's best singing societies,
the student singers and an older men's
society, numbering in all some 200
picked voices. The former president
appeared upon the balcony of the hotel
and amid the plaudits of 20,000 to
30,000 men ami women thanked the
singers for their music."
THE INHERITANCE TAX.
In these times of swollen fortunes it
is possible for men to accumulate enor
mous possessions and enjoy the pleas
ures thereof without carrying a fair
share of the tax burden. Real estate
cannot escape and certain other forms
of property pay their lawful portion,
hut it is practicable for the owner of
millions to receive their earnings
throughout life without contributing
directly either to the state or local
revenues, and then to hand his fortune
down to somebody else intact and un
taxed. Meanwhile such a man has
the benefits of peace and order, of
safety and protection, and of all that
civilized government implies. Of
course, instances of complete tax eva
sion are rare, and possibly in them
selves not of sufficient importance to
attack by legislation, but the practice
of dodging in part is scandalously
common aud no laws have yet been
devised that will entirely overcome it.
But such states as have the direct
inheritance tax eventually make.every
man or woman of means settle in some
measure, since when estates are trans
ferred after death there can be no
evasion, and just to the extent that
revenues are thus derived may the
general tax burden be lightened.
Besides, a direct inheritance tax has a
tendency to eucourage the apportion
ment of unusually large estates or
fortunes here again, to be sure, to
escape the tax gatherer and such a
division works for the general good.
SUGAR WORSE THAN RUM.
No sins are invented daily, the
latest being the exhibition of prize
fight pictures and inspection of them.
Also new causes of human depravity
are daily brought to light, the latest
being sugar. At the state dental con
vention in New Jersey, last month, a
doctor from Hoboken told the dentists
that the human race is fast going to
pot along of sugar. Its low
price, he declared, had caused degener
ation among the people, and he said:
"The loss of energy through the con
sumption of sugar in the last century
and the first decade of this century
can never be made good. Alcohol
has been consumed for thousands of
years, but has not caused the degen
eration of the whole human race.
'It is news that sugar raises such hob
with us. Perhaps the painful things
that happened to the sugar trust were
a consequence of human degeneration
brought on by too intimate an associa
tion with sugar. Will the W. C. T. U.
please look into this new peril? Har
Tha Nam Cuba.
Cuba is the name by which the Is
land was originally known to the' Lu
cayan Indians, who were with Colum
bus when be discovered it. One of its
villages or cities was called by tbem
Cubanacan, and it is reported that
from the similarity of sounds Colum
bus, still supposing himself to be on
the coast of Asia. Imagined that this
must be a city of Kublai Khan, the
Tartar sovereign celebrated by Marco
Polo. The survival of the original
name for Cuba is a remarkable in
stance of persistence, as the island has
been baptized and rebaptized many
times since its European discovery.
Columbus Grst called it Jnana in honor
of Prince John, the son of Ferdinand
and Isabella. After Ferdinand's death
it was called In his memory Fernan
dina. Subsequently this name waa
pbanged to Santiago, after St. James,
the patron saint of Spain. Still later
it waa named Ave Maria, in honor of
the Virgin Mary. But none of these
names held, and the Indian name is
An Uffice llusinaaa unly.
A young man called at the office of
a justice of tbe peace and with some
hesitation made known his business,
which was to be married. Tbe jus
tice replied that be thought be could
perform tbe service and asked if the
young man bad bis license.
"Yes, sir," tbe youth replied.
"Well, where Is the young lady?
"Sbe-ebe'a at her father's.'
"Well, bring ber here."
"She'd rather be married at home,
MAnd you expect me to go there and
"Yes. sir. If you please."
"Young man." said tbe justice, "this
.office of mine Is like a department
store. We sell matches here, but we
don't deliver them at the bouse.
la the coaaatssloo of evil another Is
but one wltaeas against thee; taoo art
a thousand against thyself. Another
thou mayest avoid thyself thou canst
It la better to staffer wroag than
do It. and happier to be sotnetl
cheated than not to trust Jofcnsoa-
We carry the late styles and up-to-date
designs in Furniture.
If you are going to fur
nish a home, or just add a
piece to what you already
have, look over our com
Need a Kitchen Cabinet?
See the "Springfield.'
21-21-23 West 11th St.
A BANANA TREE.
The Fruit Grows Small End Up and la
Cut Whila Unrip.
Contrary to popular belief, bananas
do not grow on the tree as they bang
in tbe grocery, but with the small end
of tbe fruit pointing upward to all
appearances upside down.
There is probably no other fruit of
such universal consumption about
which so little Is known to the average
person as tbe banana. Scarcely one
man in a thousand not connected with
the business knows what a banana
tree looks like:
Tbe fruit is never allowed to ripen
on the tree, but is cut half or three
quarters "full" that is. half to three
quarters developed, according to the
distance it is to be shipped and comes
to maturity by feeding from tbe stalk,
which contains a large amount of sap.
Bananas cut in this way attain prac
tically the same size as if allowed to
remain on tbe tree. In which case the
bunch becomes too much of a burden
for Its support and either falls or
breaks the tree and ripens on the
After the cutting tbe plantation Is
cleaned.' which merely consists of
severing the standing trunks within a
few feet of the ground, and a new tree
comes forth from tbe remains of Its
predecessor, so that the fruit in all
stages of growth is to be found at the
same time, and tbe yield Is continuous.
"It's all very well before a girl's
married for her to get a flower In tier
hair." remarked the observer of event?
and things, "but it's an entirely differ
ent matter if. after she's married. sb
gets her hair in flour."
Congress haft just appropriated TwentH Milllen Dellar
to hasten the work off Government Irrigation.
THE GOVERNMENT SHOSHONE PROJECT IN
THE BIG HORN BASIN
will receive its share and poshed to completion at once. Contracts for a twelve
mile extension of the main canal were let June 27th. afore than 150 forms now
ready for settlers, and a large number nf farmB are now being surveyed, which
will be open to entry in a few weeks.
These rich landa irrigated by tbe Government, can be homesteaded by sim
ply repaying the Government actual coat- $15 per acre, in ten yearly payments,
15,tM ACRES' OF CAREY ACT LANDS just opened to entry-only ."(J
days residence required. Under this law aetilcre buy water from the irrigation
company at $50 per acre, and the land from the Slate at 50 cents per acre, pay
ing $10 per acre cash, the remainder rnnning over a period of ten years at tix
Specially prepared Wyoming literature just off tbe press. Write for it.
I Magazine Binding I
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to BJ BJ
es I I
Tin- worshipers in a certain chapel
hart stunt' trouble to keep their faces
straight n short time ago. During tbe
service some commotion was caused
by a gentleman who accidentally ig
nited a box of wax matches In his
pocket and was trying to put tbem
out. while his alarmed neighbors strug
gled equally hard to. help him. The
minister, being shortsighted, could not
make out the reason of the disturb
ance, and. thinking to diplomatically
cover the incident, he Innocently said:
"Brethren, there Is a little uolse go-.
ing on. Until It is over let us sing
'Sometimes a Light Surprises.' "Lon
A New Reason.
Annette, aged three has two very
talkative little sisters, and sometimes
she finds It difficult to make herself
heard at the table. One day when the
others hnd leen monopolizing the con
versation longer than she liked An
nette raise 1 her linger with a warning
gesture aud whispered half aloud:
"Everybody keep still. My foot's
She Did you see where some man
declares that women are not honest?
He Well, he's right In saying so. She
(fiercely) When did yon ever know me
to do a dishonest thing? He (tenderly i
Wheu you robbed me of my peace of
mind and stole my heart, you dear lit
tle thIef!-New York World.
"Dot-tor. my wife lias lost her voice.
What can I do about it?"
"Try getting home late some night."
D. CLEM DEflVER. General Agent
Land Setters Informatlvn Bureau
1004 Earnam Street. Omaha. Nebr.
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