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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1910)
ALL OVER NEBRASKA
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TIRING the first week In February.
1910. the Cuban National Horticultu
ral society, an organization the mem
bership of which is almost exclusive
ly American and Canadian, held its
fourth annual meeting in Havana. In
connection, a horticultural show was
open; among the exhibits were cit
rus fruits from every section of the
island. The fruits were large, juicy,
clean, thin-skinned, heavy, beautifully
colored and delicious In flavor. Flor
ida had sent across grape fruit and
oranges from famous orchards of the
peninsular state, to facilitate invidious compari
son, and the comparison, when made, showed that
Cuba can produce citrus fruit of first-class qual
ity, and. moreover, that she is doing so.
Citrus-fruit culture is the principal Interest
of American and Canadian settlers throughout
Cuba. Cubans and Spaniards are growers of no
citrus fruits save pineapples the grape fruit and
orange groves belong to the English-speaking
colonists. Orange and grape fruit culture is the
business which has been boomed mercilessly by
land companies advertising largely and some
times unscrupulously all through the United
States and in Canada during the past ten years.
Their customers, arriving in Cuba, have insisted
upon growing nothing but grape fruit and or
anges, even in regions where other crops would
assuredly have proven more immediately profit
able if not the better investment in the long run.
For instance, there are Americans and Cana
dians growing citrus
fruits in the heart of
Vuelta Abajo and In
other parts of Pinar
del Rio province on
lands that might be
made to produce tobac
co of the qualities which
have made western
Cuba famous the world
around for this one
crop, were the owners
willing to co-operate
with Cubans on the par
tidario system, accord
ing to which the new
comer furnishes the re
quisite capital and the
native furnishes the
Bkill no leES necessary
to success In the deli
cate undertaking. It Is
a notable fact that few
Americans or Canadians
who themselves do the
actual work in their to-
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bacro fields have found this crop profitable.
There are "tricks in the trade" of which Cubans
are masters, especially those persons whose fam
ilies have for generations out of mind engaged in
tobacco culture entirely. They seem to be pos
sessed of an intuition which enables them to
handle the seedling, the plant and the leaf, when
germinating, when maturing, and especially when
curing, in a manner to insure a better outcome
than any foreigner is likely to compass. To grow
the very best tobacco requires capital. The ven
ture is a gamble, the result of which, however.
Is known in a single season. If the planter wins,
he probably rakes in "big money." If he loses,
at least it takes him only mouths, not years, to
find it out.
In the Isle of Pines, which was formerly a
cattle and hog country, producing especially val
uable draft oxen for sale in Cuba proper, Ameri
can citrus-fruit growers consume large quantities
of canned condensed milk, at high prices, as well
as large amounts of canned meats and vegetables,
despite the fact that some good pasturage exists,
while still more could doubtless be planted, and
the further fact that fine vegetables in remark
ably large variety can be grown along the river
banks, or. really, almost anywiure else where
Irrigation is possible. They also import hay and
feed at ridiculous cost All this into a region
where corn at least can be grown and large herds
used to "find" themselves.
In central, but most particularly In eastern
Cuba, Americans and Canadians are developing
groves In lands admirably adapted to sugar cane,
which is a quick, certain and profitable crop, sold
either in the field, or cut and delivered whereer
there is a mill near enouch to buy up the cane.
They are growing their trees on sites natives
would assuredly prefer for coffee and cacao, or.
more wisely, for the numerous Indigenous crops
(names, boniatos. etc.) for which there is con
stant and remunerative demand.
American and Canadian settlers In Cuba. In
cluding the Isle of Pines, are citrus-fruit mad. In
Pinar del Rio. In the Isle of Pines and in central
and eastern Cuba there is, nevertheless. In their
madness so much method, plus grit and utter In
ability to realize the odds they are "up against."
that it seems to be very probable they will suc
ceed regardless. Money, time and hardship are
to them no object at ail.
Pinar del Rio Is a province possessed of most
fertile lands in certain districts. There are
among the foothills and In the "Organos" them
selves rich valleys; unfortunately, some of the
choicest are as yet almost inaccessible. There is
good land always along the streams, and arable
areas are to be found, here and there, every
where. Also here and thero and everywhere
there are worn-out fields, sun
baked through years, which
wear, however, to the Inexperi
enced eye, the aspect of virgin,
though lightly wooded or sa
vannah lands; there are also
other sections desolate palm
barrens where no man save
the sort who purchase real es
tate "sight unseen" would
think of attempting to grow
anything. There are. too, south
of the mountain range, en the
plain which drops gradually
from Its skirts to the Caribbean
Kea, certain sand, gravelly
reaches, poor In plant food. It
Is here, however, with proper fertilization and
care, that growers are developing orange and
These lands will produce the trees. U food
to support them is supplied in the shape of fer
tilizer, and the trees will bear citrus fruit of tho
very best quality bright colored, weighty, full
of juice, inclosed In smooth, thin rind. No fair
minded person can longer doubt that they will
do so after seeing fruit of the quality which
growers located at Taco Taco exhibited at the
latest horticultural show In Havana. These gen
tlemen had. however, the money to keep their
trees properly nourished. Many others who have
failed to succeed as they are suceeding owe that
failure to the fact that they did not have the
money to do as much for their groves.
Some land companies doing business In west
ern Cuba deny overtly or by implication that fer
tilization Is necessary, but no prospective owner
of a citrus-fruit grove In western Cuba can afford
not to include in his estimate of expenses the
cost of fertilizing early and often In amounts
properly augmented as years pas3. Fertilizers in
general use in the groves of the region mentioned
cost, on a fair average, about $15 a ton.
This is the situation In the Isle of Pines, as
well as in the western and central mainland of
Cuba. "The soils are all poor in plant food com
pared with the average soils In the United States,
and the gravel ridges are especially so." states
Mr. H. C. Henricksen, secretary of the Cuban
National Horticultural society, referring particu
larly to the Isle of Pines, "but I have never seen
the effect of good fertilizers so sharply outlined
as in these very soils, and from experience In
Florida and Porto Rico I would predict an abun
dant crop of fruit of superior quality wherever
the groves are properly treated."
The vital question in these regions Is, then,
whether the owner is able to afford proper treat
ment. He will, save in exceptional cases, where
the soil is too "American" for any use whatso
ever, get his crop provided he has the money to
supply enough fertilizer.
For there are richer lands in Cuba than those
on whlb. Americans and Canadians are develop
ing their groves in western Cuba and the Isle of
Along the Cauto river, to mention but one
locality, there are exceedingly deep, fertile, vir
gin soils which need no fertilizer to produce cit
rus fruit groves. Such lands must, at the very
commencement, be cleared, at some expense, of
the thick woods that cover them, and groves,
once planted, must at all costs be kept fairly free
of weeds. Secondary crops corn, for Instance
may be grown between rows without detriment
to the trees; in fact. It would seem wiser to do
so than otherwise, for. exactly the opposite of
the case in the west, these far eastern lands need
to be reduced.
They are almost too rich, and the fruit of
trees they produce, particularly young trees. Is
apt to be coarse-skinned, too big. and pithy.
These defects, nevertheless, time remedies, for
as groves age they lessen the supply of plant
food. Eventually it will become necessary to fer
tilize the trees, and then growers, by selecting
their fertilizer, can control the quality of their
They have, meanwhile, acquired their grove
without the expense for fertilizer the grower in
the west has been put to in order to produce his.
He. on the other hand, has been to less expense
than the man in the east in the matter of clear
ing, and he has not had to sit up nights weeding
to keep his grove from disappearing under a
tangle of tropical vegetation.
The obvious conclusion, is therefore, that six
is one-half dozen. Groves in both eastern and
western Cuba will produce trees and good fruit,
but neither will do so for any owner not willing
to pay the price under one head or another in
cash and also In hard work.
It is conservatively estimated that no man
should undertake even a five-acre grove anywhere
in Cuba unless he has at least $5,000 where he
can lay his hands on It If he is a lively, capable
man he will probably not need that amount of
money, but no matter what his ability he should
be able to command at least that sum before em
barking in the citrus fruit business here. He may
need it all. and more.
While no complete statistics are available, it
is the writer's impression that In western Cuba,
including the Isle of Pines, the acreage of or
anges is more than that of grape fruit, while in
tie east it would seem that the grape-fruit acre
age is the larger. The older groves seem, usu
ally, to be orange groves; the younger the grove
the larger the proportion of grape fruit in it.
Problems of transportation to market demand
careful study from all growers, prospective or
established. Groves situated at a distance from
railway lines are handicapped at the start, for.
although there are many good roads in Pinar del
Rio province, and all over the Isle of Pines, every
foot of haul counts, and where the roads are not
excellent. It counts heavily, most especially In
Americans and Canadians have plunged head
foremost Into citrus-fruit culture in Cuba. They
are building up against odds, by their indomitable
courage and optimism, an industry into which
preceding owners of the lands they hold did not
venture. The Spaniards and Cubans did not so
venture may have been because they were blind
to the possibilities, lacked specific knowledge, j
or the energy required; or possibly they were
outmatched by adverse conditions In past dec- J
ades. Then again, it may be they were deterred
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standing of basic conditions here; by a realiza
tion of difficulties in the way of competing, not to
say controlling, in the markets where the citrus
fruit of Cuba must be sold; and, especially, by a
keen appreciation of more profit to be made more
quickly and inexpensively elsewhere. In fine,
they may have been governed by caution, which
dees not notably distinguish the Anglo-Saxon
when engaged in opening up fields to him new.
New to him, be it noted, but in Cuba's case
not In themselves either new or untried. This
island is not a virgin wilderness in toto. It has
been under the domination of white men for 400
years. Not all these white men were idle and
incompetent. They appreciated the country and
in developing its resources not to the fullest ex
tent possible nowadays, to be sure, but as far
as was possible to them in their times they
The Spaniards devoted all the energies they
had for agriculture In Cuba to sugar cane and to
bacco in the eastern and central provinces, and
especially to tobacco in the west. For four cen
turies they held fast to these two products, thus
demonstrating that they were possessed of no
more versatility than the American and the Ca
nadian who, in Cuba. Insist upon discovering no
future save in citrus fruit
From tobacco and from cane the Spaniard, and
the Cuban with him, has wrested the "wealth of
the Indies." "Rich as a Cuban planter" planter
of cane and tobacco, not of oranges and grape '
fruit is a significant English phrase. To attain
to the wealth and the ease It implies has been j
the ambition of the adventurous and the avari- i
clous from 1492 to the present time. ,
For Killing His Sister.
Dixon County. The dog. "which
tried to protect the sister from the
hands of her brother, William Flege.
kept her dead body away from the
hogs after she bad been killed by her
brother, according to the testimony
of the hired man. Albert Elchten
kamp. in the preliminary hearing of
the case of William Flege. charged
with the murder of his sister.
Flege was bound over to the dis
trict court and his bail fixed at $15.
000. which was furnished by his two
brothers, his brother-in-law and him
self. The hired man told a straightfor
ward story of the killing as he said
he saw it with his own eyes. He said
that he saw Flege and his sister come
down from the porch and walk to the
front gate. He said they were quar--reling
and when they reached the
front gate the dog interfered and
Flege kicked him so that he ran un
der the porch.
Eichtcnkamp said that he saw
Flege grab his sister by the shoulder
and just as he was entering the barn
door he heard f. shot, and turning,
saw Iconise on her knees. He said
that he walked a little farther Into
the barn and then heard a second
.shot, and when he again turned he
saw Louise lying on the ground.
The hired man said he went to the
fields to cultivate corn and when he
returned Louise was still lying in the
front yard and- that the dog which
had tried to protect her when alive
was still guarding her while dead.
Capital Removal Association.
Hall County. At a meeting of
representatives of the several cities
in the central part of the state last
night an inter-cities organization un
der the name of the Capital Removal
association was perfected, with Willis
Cadwell of Broken Bow. president; C.
W. Brininger of Grand Island, vice
president; Willard F. Bailey of
Kearney, secretary, and Joseph
Hayes of Central City, treasurer,
the brief constitution adopted
purpose of the organization is
forth to be "to secure the removal of
the capital of Nebraska to such a lo
cation in the state as will best serve
the interests of all of the people of
the state without reference to any
special location, it being expressly
agreed by the members thereof that
the association shall not favor the in
terests of any one locality."
Pioneer Lawyer Dead.
Douglas County. Judge George
Baker Lake, for many years a lead
ing jurist of this state, died at his
home in Omaha, aged eighty-four
years. The intense heat was parti
ally responsible for his demise. He
is survived by his widow, one daugh
ter. Mrs. Joy Morton, and a son. Mr.
Frederick W. Lake. He came to Ne
braska in 1S.T7.
Securing Harvest Hands.
Dodge County. Farmers about Fre
mont are adopting a- new means of
obtaining harvest hands. They are
applying in considerable number to
the Y. M. C. A. employment bureau,
and their wants are being supplied in
large part. One farmer had a man at
work half an hour after he telephoned
In his request for help.
Trampled by a Beast.
Cuming County. Carl Johnson, a
well known and wealthy farmer liv
ing east of West Point, met with a
serious accident while attempting to
drive a cow into his cattle shed, the
animal turning upon him with her
fore feet, fractured three ribs and
inflicted other serious injuries. Mr.
Johnson is SO years of age.
Woman Accidentally Poisoned.
Red Willow County. Mrs. Perry
Cathcart of Driftwood precinct, drank
carbolic acid in mistake for citrate of
magnesia, and died the same night.
Burlington Spending Cash.
Phelps County. Burlington ex
penditures for work and materials in
cident to 1910 improvements in Hold
rece may considerably exceed $100.
000. The large coal chute, built to re
place the one destroyed by the March
fire, is now practically completed. It
represents a cost of close to $12,500.
Rev. H. W. Lampe Returns to Korea.
Dixon County. Rev. Henry W.
Lampe and his bride started for St
Paul. Minn., where they take the Ca
nadian Pacific for San Francisco, and
will leave that city August 9 for Ko
rea, where they engage in mission
Pauper No More.
Otoe County. George Newburn. for
many years a resident at the county
poor farm, has fallen heir to an es
tate of $2,000, which was left him
by his father, who resided in Logan
county. Nebraska. The estate was
discovered by the county attorney
who was looking up some other mat
ters. Newburn's wife has beeen liv
ing in Nebraska City, taking in
Organize Health Board.
Red Willow County. At a meeting
of the county commissioners of Red
Willow county, a county board of
health was organized. The rules of
Nebraska state board of health were
adopted for present necessities
Epistle to the Joy Riders
Look Not Upon the Buzz-Cart When
It Is Rsd and Giveth Stinkum
to the Breeze.
The automobile is a fine bird but
It sucks blood. It has a song that
lures men to destruction and women
to vain pride that corrodes their hap
piness. Look not upon the buzz-cart
when it is red and giveth stinkum to
the evening breeze; for it chaweth
scads and ducats like a hay baler;
also mazuma and sesterces, and rocks
and dough it lappcth up like a bouse
afire. When the devil-wagon cham
peth and snorteth, flee to the moun
tains of the Hepsidam and crawl in a
hole; or the old boy will get you and
carry you to the poorhouse. Man
gceth forth in the morning chugging
and shaking with pride; a halo of
blue smoke clrcleth him as a wreath;
he patteth his belly with pride and
saith, behold. I am a six-cylinder bate;
even a lallapaloolu am I in my pride.
When lo. the sheriff caxnpeth on the
front door of the shop and swipeth up
his substance in a night and a Mis
souri mule hauleth off the available
assets to the auction. The auto is a
mocker and the touring car is raging
and whoso is deceived thereby should
soak his noodle in lye. Vessels of
wrath fitted into destruction are the
devil-carts that eat man's time and
say his securities and in the end turn
over in a ditch and make his family
into hamburger steaks. Woe Is his
name who dallies with them; even
pants is he called In the marketplace
who twists the brass wheel and wlnk
eth with the other eye at fate. Em
poria (Kan.) Gazette.
"He's very patient with her."
"Ye3; he neyer even loses his tem
per Vhen bis wife brags about her ar
Good News for Teddy.
Kearnev County. .Mr. and Mrs.
Chris Xe'son of near 1'pland are the'
parents of three baby girls born July
27. Their weights arc respectively
r.'A. r, and H'A pounds, are perfectly
formed and are strong and healthy.
Hot Wind Damages Corn.
Otoe County. The hot wind and
the exceedingly hot weather which
irevpiled in this county did great
damage to the corn crop and it Is
feared killed much of it The
mercury showed 103 in the shade.
There bar. been no rain in this sec
tion since June 8.
Hangs Himself in Jail.
Douelas County. James Kennedy,
unknown, arrested on the charge of
Hsturbing the peace, hung himself
vith a towel suspended from his
bunk in the city jail at South Omaha.
Chinese Take to Smoking Cigarette
WASHINGTON. America has
taught the people of the Chinese
empire to smoke cigarettes. In a. re
port to this government on foreign
trade by Consul General Charles Den
by of Vienna. In which he described
the class of foreign markets which
may be created by American enter
prise, and then supplied the consul
"One of the most conspicuous ex
amples of such a market is the de
mand for cigarettes In China. Ten
years ago the cigarette was an article
used In China by a small number of
people, chiefly foreigners. The field
attracted the attention of a group of
American manufacturers who ex
amined into it and decided to intro
duce the cigarette to the Chinese peo
ple by American methods. The result
Is that now the cigarette is popular
throughout the empire."
The international opium conference
to be held at The Hague next fall will
have a very general representation of
the powers, according to the latest in
formation reaching the state department
In reporting to this government on
opportunities In Malaysia for rubber-
growing enterprises. Consul General
James T. Dubois at Singapore, cited
as follows an instance to show how
the investing public is sometime ta
ken in in the exploitation of the rub
ber industry there:
An estate was sold to promoters fcr
$150,000. The syndicate got an old
planter who knew the estate to put
a flotation value on It He named
$250,000. The promoters were not sat
isfied. Another expert examined and
reported. His price was $350,000.
British and American gold was pour
ing Into the country and the get-rich-quick
spirit was born. Another expert
was called In. He was told of the for
mer valuations and that they were un
satisfactory. He valued the estate at
Just at this time, rubber took a bis;
jump In the London and New Yorlc
markets and another expert was asked
to report and he placed the flotation
price at $750,000 and the syndicate In
order to have it in round numbers
made It an even $800,000 and floated It
at this price.
People fought for the stock, the
share issue was oversubscribed and
many of them immediately sold at a
good advance. AH this was done with
in a few months without the slightest
improvement on the property except
the natural growth of the few hundred
acres of Para plants which had re
cently been planted.
Trained white supervisors on the
rubber estates are in demand, the con
sul general reports, and there Is a
scarcity of labor and consequent high
Heads of Navy Are Annoyed By Women
JOHN HAY had a saying that the
ideal diplomatic service If any
government ever succeeds in having
one will be composed exclusively of
unmarried men. Mr. Hay had no ex
perience in naval matters, or he might
have included the navy in his maxim.
There probably Is no branch of the
government service, the Washington
Post says, where petticoat influence
is so strong as in the navy. Ask any
ex-secretary of the navy about it and
he will tell you how the navy women
In a thousand different ways, some
times unconsciously and occasionally
deliberately, annoy the navy depart
ment. He will tell you how they
scheme to obtain desirable posts of
duty for their husbands or sons and
how they annoy the department with
requests for a change of orders when
their husbands are transferred from
an easy job in Washington to sea duty
on the Asiatic station or some other
far-away tropical post. The recent row
at the Boston navy yard, which cul
minated in the court-martial of two
officers, illustrates the prominent part
women play In navy circles.
Almost everybody knows of the
mutual ill feeling existing between
the navy women ami the department
Every once In a while something hap
pens to widen this breach. Only a
few days ago Ensign Charles M. Aus
tin, son of Representative Richard
W. Austin of Tennessee, was deprived
of an especially desirable berth by the
navy department merely because he
got married. He hail been detached
from the dispatch boat Dolphin at the
Washington navy yard and ordered
to Japan for duty as a student at
tache at the American embassy at
Tokyo for the purpose of studying the
Japanese language. On the way to
his new post of duty he stopped at his
former home In Tennessee and was
married to a girl he had known for
This was too much for the unro
mantic departmental authorities, who
suddenly decided that a married en
sign would not make as gond a stu
dent of the Japanese language as a
bachelor. Accordingly his orders
were revoked and instead of spending
his honeymoon in Tokyo he will have
less interesting service at the naval
training station on the Pacific coast
He will, however, have his wife.
Girl's Good Locks Are a Bar to Work
AFTER losing four positions within
a year just because of her beauty,
Mary Todd has left Washington and
will try her fortune elsewhere. Mfcs
Todd set out to be a stenographer.
Her employer got mixed up in his dic
tation and Included phrases that could
not have been part of the correspond
ence. As a shopgirl the floorwalkers
strolled too often near her counter. As
a milliner she aroused the envy and
jealousy of customers.
Miss Todd has been living in George
town for a little more than a year.
She came here from a small Pennsyl
vania town, well equipped to work.
with money enough to wait until a
reasonably good position was open to
"Yes." she said, half-angry and half
amused. "I have been overwhelmed
with offers of marriage as well as of
employment I?"t these offers do not
appeal to me. Most nnn forget that I
have my own sweetheart, and if I
were inclined to consider n second
time it seems that mine shou'd be
the privilege of inviting his attentions
without having them thrust upon me.
"At first I did not take such things
seriously, but since then I have known
other girls who have shared the same
fate, merely because they are mora
beautiful than their colleagues.
"I have worked In offices where
there were 17 girls, and by the end
of the third week I was embarrassed
by repeated offers of company, pleas
ures ami the like by various men in
the office. This gave rise to some
bitter passes between some of the
other girls and myself.
"I hope to be married by the autumn
of next year, but until then I wish to
Sad Red Men Must Ride on the Wagon
L rr Xfl Kr Ox
POOR o has suffered many priva
tions at the hands of the national
government In the process of civilizing
him. but the hardest blow yet must be
no more "fire water" sold on the ceded
lands of Minesota. Lo will take his
seat on the water wagon at once
The order includes several counties
and if carried out to the letter would
ren prevent the sale of liquor in St
Paul and Minneapolis, which stand on
Under state laws the counties em
braced in the order Decker. Cass.
Clay. Hubbard. Mahnomen. Neman.
Beltrami. Itasca. Polk, (''ear WuKr
Red Lake. Crow Wing. Wad m and
Ottcrtail have enjoyed the license
system of t!.e state and Lo. who dear
ly loves his fire water, has been able
to procure it without restriction. By
the new order he will have to go dry.
The provisions or the treaties by
whieh the lands were ceded prohibit
the introduction of intox'oating liquors
in the whole northern part of the state,
except by consent of congress or the
president, but up to the present time
the provisions have not been enforced
owing to opposition from the white
population, which vastly outnumbers
at Brighton, where we sat at a table
ami looked at the ocean?" he asked.
"Well, when you all went away f
walked around to the bar and got one
for five. A shame to charge you fivti
cents more just to sit down and looll
at the ocean. Isn't It?"
"Oh. I don't know." she said. "I'd
rather pay the extra five than have ta
stand by the bar and look at the bar
tender if be was anything like some
I have sejn." Xew Yorl: F'ress.
Message for Satan.
"In my dream." said the dusky
story teller. "Satan had me an" wua
showin' me over all de place what he
has specially reserved fer sinners, an'
it sho wuz a sight ter behol'. Our
wuz a griddle here, an" a griddle dar,
an' lots er my ol' friends wu-c tryin' on
'em an' makm' tie Lfc;-s' sorter hol-
i lerin. I thoughted .try inni::e dat
' my time wu& cumin" n t, tr:' I'd 'lone
: give up in despair wYn Saf. n turned
".ounct" an said: Co b !; ter do worl
an tell yo folks 'Lout what yo-i sei;
but ez for po'ae'f, you i.i too good a
man ter roast.'" Atlanta Constitu
Ocean vs. Bartender.
"Do you remember where they stung
us ten o.ontjj fcr beer on the pavilion
The Kind Needed.
"Dear me." said the first young wom-
t an. taking her initial lesson in golf.
"what shall I do now? This ball is in
"Well. let me see," said her compan
ion, rapidly turning the leaves of a
Look of instructions. "I presume you
will have to take a stick of right
shape to get It out."
"Oh, yes. of course," was tho some
what cynical reply. "Well, see if you
can find one shaped like a d in and
brush. The Sunday Magazine
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