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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1910)
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Cut Uie hay at the proper time.
Much depends upon the manage
ment. The hrn wants plenty of freedom
and plenty of food.
Every days start the weeds get
aieans two to catch up.
The defects of the sow are as sure
ly transmitted as are the strong points.
The man with the largest crop is
the man who attracts the most atten
tion. A breeder must know how to breed,
how to feed and how to heed every
need of his stock.
Give spinach plenty of rich manure
In the fall, and a heavy coating of
mulch. It will keep all winter.
"One year's seeding makes seven
year's weeding" is very true of the
soil of a well-fertilized garden.
Never pick berries for market when
they are wet. And. when picked, hur
ry them to a cool place out of the sun.
If it Is possible the quarters for the
sheep should be so arranged that the
sun can shine in all or most of the
The nonlaying hen Is the one that
takes on fat, and such should be made
r.s fat as possible in a short time and
Speaking about monster hogs, a
Kentiickian bought one recently which
when killed tipped the scales at 997
Plant sorghum to carry your hogs
over summer. It is a splendid soil
ing crop for pigs and should not be
Sheep aro seldom profitable unless
(hey are fed and sheltered during bad
weather. Sheep should not be left
to shift for their living.
Care must be taken not to allow
the cream in ripening to become too
-our. for the butter takes and keeps
the flavor of the cream.
Cultivate sweet potatoes well before
the vines spread over the rows. If
you neglect this you will havfc diffi
culty in eradicating weeds.
While you are enjoying ripe fruits
do not neglect to can and preserve
enough for winter use. You will
need it when frcah fruits cannot be
Fence every square rod of available
pasture land for the stock this sum
mer. Grass and other forage can be
turned into good money by the ani
mals. Where a brood of chickens are
raided with the hen it pays to have a
tight coop, one that will protect from
the weather and also from predatory
It is poor economy to permit colts
to follow their dams over the fields
this hot weather. Keep the colts in
the pasture while their mothers are
In the harness.
Give the trunks of the fruit trees
q good coat of whitewash before you
sow the land to a summer cover crop.
This, will protect them against insects
and fungus diseases.
Frotein promotes growth of bones
find muscles. Young animals require
plenty of protein to develop properly.
Cotton seed meal, wheat shorts and
Sluten meal furnish protein.
In dry times, harrowing the plowed
surface at the end of each half day's
work will aid greatly in conserving
soil moisture and in keeping the
ground from becoming cloddy.
Geese cost but very little if allowed
the liberty of the fields with access to
a pond or stream, but to attempt o
make them profitable without these
advantages will result in failure.
Killing weeds Is but one object of
cultivating corn. Whi'e important to
kill weeds the preservation of mois
Tiirc in the soil is equally so, and is
done by shallow and frequent cultiva
tion Cool your milk ?s soon as you can
after milking. Ii you can't do it any
other way. pour it from one pail to an
other 0.7: where the pure, tresh air will
strike it. But aerators are not very
epenif at present. Most of us can
Pip; coming any time in March or
April wili be ready for the September
or October market. If they are kept
on a good clover or blue grass pasture
this spring and summer with milk,
shorts and corn for feed they will
make a thrifty growth and be in good
condition for finishing in the fall
Count the cost of raising a calf till
it is three years old; then figure up
what it costs to raise a good three-year-old
colt. Opposite the coBt of
-each place the sum it would sell for at
that age; note the clear profit on each
--and you won't be slow in looking
around for some good, well-bred brood
Shade and water are Important.
Give the work horse proper rest.
Egg eating by fowls la a serious
The chickens have many pecks of
fun at feed time.
The gasoline engine is solving the
labor problem on the farm.
The nest of the setting hen should
be kept clean and free from vermin.
Gum exuding from the roots of the
peach tree? Bores at work; get after
It is the net result from a cow that
tells whether she Is making a profit
It may be a little too late to plant
strawberry beds, but next year get at
it a little earlier.
When the colt is dropped it should
receive nourishment from the dam
within the first half hour.
Sow some turnips In succession
every two weeks. A row 20 feet long
will produce a large quantity.
Agriculture Is an art which adorns
the land so that it adds to man's
physical health and mental pleasure.
We can kill weeds by spraying, but
they will not stay dead without rota
tion, mowing and pasturage of the
After the sweet corn has been used
cut the plants and feed them to the
cows. The land may then be used
for late beans.
Some of the world's most noted
milkers gave a small quantity of milk
with their first calves. Don't pass
Judgment on the heifer.
At no time is the skimmilk In a
better condition to make the most of
it than when it is fresh and sweet
Just from the separator.
Chicken money is easy money 1
there Is no milking, no churning, no
fanning away flies nothing to do but
gather the eggs and sell them.
With a good supply of straw fon
bedding much good manure can be
made every year, and manure Is the
very life and success of a farm.
Root crops, such as carrots, beeta
and parsnips should be thinned. Do
not be afraid to thin them to a dis
tance of five or six inches apart.
The orchard should now be sown
to some good cover crop, as cowpeas
or soybeans, to protect the soil during
summer. Do not neglect this longer.
If your fruit needs thinning and
you have not already thinned it. do
it at once. It is better to thin late
than to run the risk of injuring the
Prune blackberries and raspberries.
Cut back the canes and remove all
dead plants. This will greatly re
juvenate the plants and cause fruitful-
ness next year. I
Select your seed from the best
plants of your garden peas. The seed 1
may be saved and the yielding quail-
ties of the plants improved if care is .
used in selection.
Keep the weeds down. A garden full '
of wet-ds is no indorsement for you as
a husbandman. Late cultivation is '
neressar-, for wee'8 are not retarded '
by the summer sun. .
If the flower garden crops are not
making duo progress stimulate them .
with nitrate of soda. A teaspoonful (
worked into the soil about a dahlia '
is about the correct proportion.
If the grass on the entire lawn
seems sickly and does not make a ,
good growth, it may be that the soil j
is sour. In such case give the entire
lawn a aressing 01 iiuiu 10 swceieu
As there is no proportion between
equal things, your farm, to be pro
portionally beautiful, should be madq
up of unequals. "Unequal fields, un
equal garden beds, unequal buildings,
unequal rooms, and so on.
Theoretically one would think that
the work horse ought to rest at night '
instead of being obliged to graze for
several hours during the natural rest- j
ing period, but practically the effect
of the grazing and the night exercise i
is conducive to the very best kind of
health and thrift
Every farmer knows that sheep will 1
make better gains in flesh on a dry j
clover hay ration, with the same
amount of grain, than any other kind
of farm live stock. The reason for this
is that sheep consume a larger portion
of the leaves of the clover hay and not
so much of the coarse, woody stalk.
The best investment any farmer can
make with his surplus money is in im- j
proving his farm. When some farm-1
ers get ahead and have spare money 1
they either buy more land or begin -to
lend money for the interest it will j
draw. These are not unwise things to
do. but they are not the best things j
to do with money. (
Dairying has the advantage In that
it enables the farmer to ttvilize the
labor of his family, the forage and
crain grown on the farm, and to make
the most possible out of a small farm.
It may be said further that it brings
a steady income every week with
which to pay running expenses, this
to the young farmer, is in many cases,
no inconsiderable item.
It is useless to hunt for some prep
aration that will kill Canada thistles
and quack grass. There is no such
remedy that is worth anything. Cul
tivation so thorough that it will pre
vent growth above ground for one
growing season, is the only effectual
method of procedure. When growth
above ground is prevented the roots
must die, for they leave no lungs
thraush which to et oxvc .1
T.awrnc RlaltHey. lawyer. Ros to
Pittsburg with the forced notos in the
Hronson cas to ta'Ke the deposition or
the chief witness for the pnwution.
John Gilmore. a millionaire. In the tat
ter's house the lawyer is attracted by
the picture of :i cirl. whom Gilmore ex
plains is his sraniWaushter. Alison "J'1
He says her father Is a. rascal and a
friend of the former.
A Torn Telegram.
I lunched alone at the Gilmore
house, and went back to the city at
once. The sun had lifted the mists,
and a fresh summer wind had cleared
away the smoke pall. The boulevard
was full of cars flying countryward
for the Saturday half-holiday, toward
golf and tennis, green fields and bab
bling girls. ! gritted my teeth and
thought of McKnight at Richmond.
And then, for the first time. I associ
ated John Gilniore's granddaughter
with the "West" that McKnight had
Irritably flung at me.
I still carried my traveling bag. for
McKnight's vision at the window of
the empty house had not been without
effect. I did not transfer the notes to
my pocket, and. If I had. it would
not have altered the situation later.
Only the other day McKnight put
this very thing up to me.
"I warned you." he reminded me.
"I told you there were queer things
coming, and to be ot your guard. You
ought to have taken your revolver."
"It would have been of exactly as
much use as a bucket of snow in
Africa." I retorted. "If I had never
closed my eyes, or if I had kept my
finger on the trigger of a six-shooter
(which Is novelesque for revolver).
the result would have been the same.
And the next time you want a little
excitement with every variety of thrill
thrown In. I can put you by way of it.
You begin by getting the wrong berth
in a Pullman car. and end "
"Oh, I know how it ends." he fin
ished shortly. "Don't you suppose the
whole thing's written on my spinal
But I am wandering again. That is
the difficulty with the unprofessional
story-teller: He yaws back and forth
and can't keep in the wind; he drops
his characters overboard when he
hasn't any further use for them and
drowns them; he forgets the coffee
pot and the frying pan and all the
other small essentials, and. if he car
ries a love affair, he mutters a fer
vent "Allah be praised" when he
lands them, drenched with adventures,
at the matrimonial dock at the end of
the final chapter.
I put In a thoroughly unsatisfactory
afternoon. Time dragged eternally. I
dropped into a summer vaudeville, and
bought some tics at a haberdasher's.
I was bored but unexpectant; I bad
no premonition of what was to come.
Nothing unusual had ever happened
to me; friends of mine had some
times sailed the high seas of adven
ture or skirted the coasts of chance,
but all of the shipwrecks had occurred
after a woman passenger had been
taken on. "Ergo." I had always said
"no women!" I repeated it to my
self that evening almost savagely,
when I found my thoughts straying
back to the picture of John Gilmore's
granddaughter. I even argued as I
ate my solitary dinner at a downtown
"Haven't you troubles enough," I
reflected, "without looking for more?
Hasn't Bad News gone lame, with a
matinee race booked for next week?
Otherwise aren't you comfortable?
Isn't your house in order? Do you
want to sell a pony in order to have
the library done over in mission or
the drawing room in gold? Do you
want somebody to count the empty
cigarette boxes lying around every
Lay it to the long Idle afternoon, to
the new environment, to anything you
like, but I began to think that per
haps I did. I was confoundedly lone
ly For the first time in my life its
even course began to waver. The
needle registered warning marks on
the matrimonial seismograph, lines
vague enough, but lines.
My alligator bag lay at my feet,
still locked. While I waited for my
coffee I leaned back and surveyed the
people incuriously. There were the
usual couples intent on each other;
my new state of mind made me re
gard them with tolerance. But at the
next table, where a man and woman
dined together, a different atmosphere
prevailed. My attention was first
caught by the woman's face. She had
been speaking earnestly across the
table, her profile turned to mc I had
noticed casually her earnest manner. I
her somber clothes, and the great
mass of odd. bronze-colored hair on 1
her neck. But suddenly she glanced '
toward me and the utter hopelessness 1
almost tragedy of her expression
struck me with a shock. She half
closed her eyes and drew a long 1
breath, then she turned again to the.
man across the table.
Neither one was eating. He sat low
i.- his chair, his chin on his chest,
ugly folds of thick flesh protruding
oer his cellar. He was probably 50.
ba!d grotesq"e. sullen, and yet not
without a suggestion of power But he
had been drinking: as I looked, he
raised an unsteady hand and sum-,
moned a waiter with a wine list.
The young woman bent acrons the
table and spoke again quickly. She
had unconsciously raised her voice. ,
Not neautiful, in her earnestness and
stress she rather interested me. I
had an idle inclination to advise the
waiter to remove the bottled tempta-
tion from the table. I wonder what'
would have happened if I had? Sup
rose Harrington had not been intox
icated when he entered the Pullman
car Ontario that night!
For they were about to make a Jour
Ity MAK5T ROBERTA RBSEHART
Airrno r thb circular, staxscj
IUCSTRXTIONS jW M. O. jKjEXTN
COfYTUanT tgr DOORS - MERRILL COMPATty
ney. I gathered, and the young wom
an wished to go alone. I drank three
cups of coffee, which accounted for
my wakefulness later, and shameless
ly watched the tableau before me. The
woman's protest evidently went for
nothing; across the table the man
grunted monosyllabic replies and grew
more and more lowering and sullen.
Once, during a brief unexpected pian
issimo in the music, her voice came
to me sharply:
"If I could only see him in time!"
she was saying. "Oh. it's terrible!"
In spite of my interest I would have
forgotten the whole incident at once,
erased it from my mind as one does
the inessentials and clutterings of
memory, had I not met them again,
later that evening, in the Pennsylvania
station. The situation between them
had not visibly altered: The same
dogged determination showed in the
man's face, but the young woman
daughter or wife? I wondered had
drawn down her veil and I could only
suspect what white misery lay be
neath. I bought my berth after waiting in
a Hue of some eight or ten people.
When, step by step, I had almost
reached the window, a tall woman
whom I had not noticed before spoke
to me from my elbow. She bad a
ticket and money in her hand.
"Will you try to get me a lower
when you buy yours?" she asked. "I
have traveled for three nights in up
pers." I consented, of course; beyond that
I hardly noticed the woman. I had
a vague impression of height and a
certain amount of statcliness. but the
crowd was pushing behind me, and
some one was standing on my foot. I
Which Will You Have,
I got two lowers easily, and, turning
with the change and berths, held out
"Which will you have?" I asked.
"Lower 11 or lower 10?"
"It makes no difference." she said.
"Thank you very much indeed."
At random I gave her lower 11, aad
called a porter to help her with her
luggage. I followed them leisurely to
the train shed, and ten minutes more
saw us under way.
I looked into my car, but it present
ed the peculiarly unattractive appear
ance common to sleepers. The berths
were made up; the center aisle was a
path between walls of dingy, breeze
repelling curtains, while the two seats
at each end of the car were piled high
with suit cases and umbrellas. The
perspiring porter was trying to be in
six places at once; somebody has said
that Pullman porters are black so
tliey won't show the dirt, but they
certainly show the heat.
Nine-fifteen was an outrageous hour
to go to bed. especially since I sleep
little or not at all on the train, so I !
made my way to the smoker and
passed the time until nearly 11 with
cigarettes and a magazine.
The car was very close. It was a
warm night, and before turning in I
stood a short time in the vestibule.
The train had been stopping at fre
quent Intervals, and, finding the brake
man there. I asked the trouble.
It seemed that there was a hot-box
on the next car, and that not only
ere we Iat but we were delaying
the second section, just behind. I was
beginning to feel pleasantly drowsy,
and the air was growing cooler as we
got into the mountains. I said good
night to the bnikeman and went back
to my berth. To my surprise, lower
ten was already occupied a suit case
projected from beneath, a pair of shoes
stood on the floor, and from behind
the curtains came the heavy, unmis
takable breathing of deep sleep,
hunted out the porter and together
"Are you asleep, sir?" asked the
porter, leaning over deferentially. No
answer forthcoming, he opened the
curtains and looked in. Yes. the in
truder was asleep very much asleep
and an overwhelming oaor of
whisky proclaimed that he would
probably remain asleeo until morning.
I was Irritated. The car was full,
and I was not disposed to take an
upper in order to allow this drunken
interloper to sleep comfortably in my
"You'll have to get out of this," I
said, shaking him angrily. But he
merely grunted and turned over. As
he did so. I saw his features for the
first time. It was the quarrelsome
man of the restaurant.
I was less disposed, than ever to re
linquish my claim, but the porter,
after a little quiet Investigation, of
fered solution of the difficulty.
"There's no one in lower nine." ht
suggested, pulling open the jcurtains
just across. "It's likely nine's his
berth, and he's made a mistake, owing
to his condition. You'd better take
I did. with a firm resolution that If
nine's rightful owner turned up later
I should be just as unwakable as the
man opposite. I undressed leisurely,
making sure of the safety of the forged
notes, and placing my grip as before
between myself and the window.
Being a man of systematic habits,
I arranged my clothes carefully, put
ing my shoes out for the porter to
polish, and stowing my collar and
scarf in the little hammock swung for
At last, with my pillows so arranged
that I could see out comfortably, and
with the unhygienic-looking blanket
turned back I have always a distrust
of those much-used affairs I prepared
to wait gradually for sleep.
But sleep did not visit me. The
train came to frequent, grating stops,
and I surmised the hot box again. I
am not a nervous man. but there was
something chilling in the thought of
Lower Ten or Eleven?'
the second section pounding along be
hind us. Once, as I was dozing, our
locomotive whistled a shrill warning
"You keep back where you belong."
P. screamed to my drowsy ears, and
from somewhere behind came a chas
I grew more and more wide-awake.
At Cresson I got up on my elbow and
blinked out at the station lights. Some
passengers boarded the train there
r.nd I heard a woman's low tones, a
southern voice, rich and full. Then
quiet again. Every nerve was tense.
Time passed, perhaps ten minutes,
possibly half an hour. Then, without
the slightest warning, as the train
rounded a curve, a heavy body was
thrown into my berth. The incident,
trivial as it seemed, was startling in
its suddenness, for although my ears
were painfully strained and awake.
Coined By Missouri Judge
First Use of Expression, "The Man
Higher Up," Has Been Traced
to Its Source.
History may be doubtful as to the
Identity of the man who fastened the
"Show Me" tradition on the state of
Missouri, but she will not be In the
case of the man who coined the ex
pression "The Man Higher Up." The
first use of this expression was made
by Elmer B. Adams, judge of the fed
eral bench in St. Louis. Even the
very case in which he used the ex
pression has been fixed, and the arch
eologists who have been carrying on
the investigation defy the world to
show them (being Missouri men),
why and where they are wrong.
Certain claims that the phrase. "Get
it the Man Higher Up." was first used
"y Theodore Roosevelt are scouted by
the historians in question, who have
gone into the inquiry with all the cau
ion and precaution of true scientists.
Nowhere in the folklore of the vaude-:
1 3sfc xJsJPsMM
I had heard no step outside. The next
instant the curtain hung limp again;
still without a sound, my disturber
had slipped away into the gloom and
darkness. In a frenzy of wakefulness.
I sat up. drew on a pair of slippers and
fumbled for my bath robe.
From a berth across, probably lower
ten. came that particularly aggravat
ing snore which begins lightly, deli
cately, faintly soprano, goes down the
scale a note with every breath, and,
after keeping the listener tense with
expectation, ends with an explosion
that tears the very air. I was more
and more irritable: I sat on the edge
of the berth and hoped the snorer
would choke to death.
He had considerable vitality, how
ever; he withstood one shock after
another and survived to start again
with new vigor. In desperation I
found some cigarettes and one match,
piled my blankets over my grip, and
drawing the curtains together as
though the berth were still occupied. I
made my way to the vestibule of the
I was not clad for dress parade. Is
it because the male is so restricted to
gloom In his everyday attire that ho
blossoms into gaudy colors in his pa
jamas and dressing gowns? It would
take a Turk to feel at home before an
audience in my red and yellow bath
robe, a Christmas remembrance from
Mrs. Klopton. with slippers to match.
So. naturally, when I saw a femi
nine figure on the platform, my first
instinct was to dodge. The woman,
however, was quicker than I; she gave
me a startled glance, wheeled and dis
appeared, with a flash of two bronze
colored braids, into the next car.
Cigarette box in one hand, match
i-. the other, I leaned against the un
certain frame of the door and gazed
after her vanished figure. The moun
tain air flapped my bath robe around
my bare ankles, my one match burned
to the end and went out. and still I
stared. For I had seen on her expres
sive face a haunting look that was
horror, nothing less: Heaven knows.
I am not psychological. Emotions
have to be written large before I caa
read them. But a woman in trouble
always appeals to me, and this womaa
was more than that. She was in dead
If I had not been afraid of being
ridiculous. I would have followed her.
But I fancied that the apparition of a
man in a red and yellow bath robe,
with an unkempt thatch of hair, walk
ing up to her and assuring her that
he would protect her would probably
put her into hysterics. I had done
that once before, when burglars bad
tried to break into the house, and had
startled the parlor maid into bed for
a week. So I tried to assure myself
that I had imagined the lady's distress
or caused it, perhaps and to dis
miss her from my mind. Perhaps she
was merely anxious about the un
pleasant gentleman of the restaurant.
I thought smugly that I could have
told her all about him: That he was
sleeping the sleep of the just and the
intoxicated in a berth that ought, by
all that was fair and right, to havo
been mine, and that if I were tied to
a man who snored like that I should
have him anaesthetized and soft pal
ate put where it would never again
flap like a loose sail in the wind.
We passed Harrisburg as I stood
there. It was starlight, and the great
crests of the Alleghanies had given
way to low hills. At intervals we
passed smudges of gray white, no
doubt in daytime comfortable farms,
which McKnight says is a good way
of putting it. the farms being a lot
more comfortable than the people on
I was growing drowsy; the woman
with the bronze hair and the horrified
face was fading in retrospect It was
colder, too. and I turned with a shiver
to go in.
As I did so. a bit of paper fluttered
into the air and settled on my sleeve,
like a butterfly on a gorgeous red and
yellow blossom. I picked it up curi
ously and glanced at it. It was part
of a telegram that had been torn into
There were only parts of four words
on the scrap, but it left me puzzled
and thoughtful. It read: " ower ten,
car scve " "Lower ten. car seven."
was my berth the one I had bought
and found pre-empted.
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
ville stage or of the daily press can
be found the slightest reference to the
man higher up previously to the date t
in 190::. when Judge Adams, charging
a federal grand jury in their investi
gation of certain naturalization frauds
wil ch were the talk of the country at
that time, told the jury "to look not
only for the little man who Is made a '
tool, but for the 'The Man Higher
Farmer Boy Presidents.
Prof. W. J. Spiliman declares that '
the farms have furnished this country j
with 92 per cent, of its presidents. 91
per cent of its governors, 83 per
cent, of its cabinet officers, 70 per
cent, of its senators, 64 per cent of
its congressmen and 55 per cent, of its
Ths Chinese Day.
The Chinese divide the day in 12
parts. Each part is distinct in itself
aad is of two hours duration.
4!rBs 9Y to cur"
f sr C1? yur
MDNY0HS RflEDMATISM CURB
Make die Liver
Do its Duty
eh sad bowels era i
GtMiat -u- Signature
V ir .laBaaamiKIUQf
known Ttia'Bawoau ova
in your vacation outfit
"I never deny my wife a wish.'
"No; I let her wish. It doesn't coat
Taking Father's Job.
"Why should you beg? You
both young and strong."
"That is right, but my father Is old
and weak and can no longer support
me." Meggendorfer Blaetter.
important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA. a safe and sure remedy fof
Infants and children, and see that 1
Signature of (
In Use For Over 30 Years.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Hostess (at party) Why. so silent.
Miss De Muir? You've scarcely said
& word since you came.
Youthful Guast Really. Mrs. Lead
er, I am having a very enjoyable time,
but my father has to'Id me ICO times
never to say anything unless I have
something to say, and I suppose
Hostess But. my dear child, think
what a stupid and tiresome thing so
ciety would be If everybody followed
A prominent western attorney tells
of a boy who once applied at his of
flee for work.
"This boy was bright looking and I
lather-took to him.
" 'Now. my son,' I said, if you come
to work for me you will occasionally
have to write telegrams and take
down telephone messages. Hence a
pretty high degree of schooling Is es
sential. Are you fairly well educatedr
"The boy smiled confidently.
"I be,' he said." Independent.
Merely a Prevaricator.
A doctor relates the following story:
"I had a patient who was very ill and
who ought to have gone to a warmer
climate so I resolved to try what hyp
notism would do for him. I bad a
large sun painted on the ceiling of his
room and by suggestion induced him
to think it was the sun which would
cure him. The rude succeeded, and
he was getting better rapidly when
one day on my arrival I found be was
"Did It fall, after all. then?" asked
one of the doctor's hearers.
"No." replied the doctor, "he died
To Keep Cool?
When Summer's sun
and daily toil heat the
blood to an uncomfort
able degree, there is noth
ing so comforting and
cooling as a glass of
served with sugar and a
Surprising, too, how
the food elements relieve
fatigue and sustain one.
The flavour is deli
ciousand Postum is
really a food drink.
"There's a teastn"
VOSTUX CXRKAX, CO., Lt&.
Battl Crock. UkA.