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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 27, 1910)
Columbus g oumal.
Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
I. 19M; with the Platte County Argus January
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CHANQK IN ADDUKSS-When ordering a
j nance in the address.subscribera should be sura
to give their old aa well aa thatr new address.
THE TRANSIT OF "MIKE."
The Hat of delegates commissioned
to represent Holt county in the demo
cratic state convention is headed by
the name of "Mike" Harrington. We
take it that this means that "Mike"
has finally shutiled off the last remnant
of his populist clothes and clad himself
in out and out democratic garments.
Up to two years ago "Mike" had
always insisted that he was a populist
of the blown in the bottle variety,
although he was always busy steering
the populist cart in the wake of the
democratic machine. Two years ago
"Mike" got one foot over the fence
when he ran as one of the Bryan pres
idential electors with the populist
brand on one shoulder and the demo
cratic biand on the other. This ila
grant fraud proved to be successful, if
the theft for Bryan of votes intended
for "Tom" Watson can be called suc
cessful. But "Mike" has evidently
been forced to the conclusion that the
game has been overplayed and that he
now has nothing more to gain by
masquerading as a populist. The
transit of "Mike," therefore, is now
complete, and he will perform in the
democratic ring at Grand Island as he
used to perform in the populist end of
the tent. Omaha Bee.
FEDERAL COURTS FEARED.
It is true that the criminal dreads
the federal court, when he ma have
little fear of the state courts. Several
reasons contribute to the fear of one
tribunal of justice and the lack of fear
which in mauy cases borders on con
tempt, of the other. The federal
court, particularly in criminal cases, is
more likely to deal impartial justice,
and the criminal dreads justice. The
federal jurors are drawn from "at
large"; it is possible that none who sits
on the case will come from the crimi
nal's county. That fact minimizes the
influence of the crimiual, his family,
friends and his lawyers upon the jury.
It is more dangerous for a lawyer
to attempt to influence a prospective
juror drawn from at large. The fed
eral court does not give the criminal
every advantage as in the state court.
The federal prosecuting officers are
better paid than the state solicitors,
and in almost all cases are abler law
yers with more experience. They are
furnished with means with which to
secure evidence that is not given the
state's solicitors. The federal judges
are independent of politics and "j.ulls."
They take a broader view than most
state judges, and have greater power.
They give less heed to technicalities.
When convicted in a federal court the I
criminal can not readily dodge the
sentence. He can not count upon
trifling with the law. Columbia (S.
INFLUENCE OF OUR CENTURY.
Very few citizens of the United
States, unless they have recently tra
versed in foreign lands, have any con
ception of the influence our country
has in nearly every nation on the
globe. We do not solely refer to the
interests of their people and rulers iu
our form of government and in the
great success in all business affairs that
our citizens have had under our repub
lican institutions, but our achieve
ments have been so great in science,
art and invention, as well as in com
merce, that in the majority of the
countries the inhabitants concede to
our people the position of the advance
guard of progress of the world.
Whatever antagonism racial preju
dices have aroused inChina and Japan,
however resentful or revengeful the
lower classes in those countries may
be, yet even with them there exists a
wonderfully high -estimate of our
prowess in war and our ability in
business. In India, from the summits
of the Himalayas to the most southern
point of the peninsula, the intelligence
and enterprise of the people of the
United States are discussed, admired
and envied in every city and town by
So all through Europe the men of
advanced thought, the men of political
activities, the men of large business
affairs, and the masses of the people as
well, endow our people with attributes
that place them far in the front of
others in the present civilization. On
our own continent our influence is
paramount in business, and our ex
ample, politically, has been followed
by all nations, from the Canadian line
to Cape Horn, as far as classing them
selves as republics is concerned.
HOW TO LIVE TO BE 114.
Possibly the oldest man in the
United States is Capt. G. E. D. Dia
mond, now living in the Old People's
Home in San Francisco. He cele
brated his one hundred and fourteenth
birthday anniversary May 1, and con
fidently anticipates being "Johnny on
the spot" to greet Hal ley's comet wheu
that tramp of the skies comes peram
bulating back this way seventy-five
years hence. He has seen the celes
tial wanderer in two centuries and if
he survives to see it again he will be
well qualified to assure a nervous
public that nothing untoward is going
Captain Diamond was born at Ply
mouth, Mass., May 1, 1796. He has
a vivid recollection of the War of 1812,
in which his father served. His first
vote was cast in 1 SIC, in the campaign
that resulted in the election of James
Monroe as president. He helxd
build some of the first railroads in the
United Sttes, among them the roml
from Worcester to Boston, the Old
Colony Railroad from Boston to Ply
mouth, and the railroad from Albany
Before he was 50, Captain Diamond
was an old mau, decrepit, rheumatic,
and plainly on the toboggan. A
photograph of him taken at the time
of the Civil War shows that he then
looked older than he does todav- It
was at about that time that he evolved
the dietetic theories (including the
liberal use of olive oil, both internally
and externally), to which lie attributes
his advanced age and perfect health.
Diet and exercise, he believes, are the
secrets of Iougevity; and if a man
lives right and eats right he can seem
reason why the machine should not 1
kept running indefinitely perhaps
until even the record run made by old
Methuselah himself is beaten to a
Captain Diamond did not enlist in
the Civil War, because he had ideas
on the subject of personal liberty that
would not have worked at all hail he
been in the army. However, he le
came a government agent connected
with the transportation department,
with headquarters in St. Louis. After
the close of the war he engaged in the
real estate business, until in 187-!,
wheu he drove overland from St. Louis
to San Francisco, where he has made
his home ever since.
TWO COLONELS IN LIMELIGHT.
There are two of them a republi
can colonel and a democratic colonel
the first standing for success; the se
cond for failure. Not a decade ago,
or about that time, the democratic
colonel was the most conspicious per
sonality iu the republic, though a cap
taiu without a victory. Since 1901
the republican colonel, like another
Coriolanus has been "every man him
It is amusing to note the view each
party takes of its own colouel. In the
republican camp they do not seem to
know exactly what their colonel is go
ing to do, but all alike, regular ami
insurgent, are agreed that he is think
ing of and will work for the exaltation
On the other hand, in the democrat
ic camp there is a feeling, amounting
to incipient alarm if not demoralizing
panic, that their colonel is a bull in a
china shop. This impression is not
confined to the "sane" contingents.
but pervades the ranks of the cranks
as well. And even enthusiastic Bryan
men of 1!M)8 are asking the portentous
question: "Is our colonel for us; and if
so, what does he mean? '
Only a while ago the democratic
colonel issued a general order that
Judson Harmon should not be a candi
date for the democratic nomination for
president of the United States. The
Ohio democracy rebuked Colonel Bry
an for that iraertinence, which
amounted to insolence, and did it with
emphasis, if not with resentment.
And at this writing the democracy
of Indians, with fear and trembling, is
debating the question. "Is Bryan a
republican asset?" Until now the
Indiana democracy was ready to swim
the Wabash to hear the "Peerless One"
make a speech; but in the iinpendiug
campaign the consensus of hoosier de
mocracy is that "The Matchless" keep
out of the state.
An uncrowned king is a sad specta
cle. Washington Star.
A Soft Place.
First Artist Reduced to a drainpipe
for a pillow, old chap? Second Artist
-Idiot! Can't you see it's filled with
straw? Bon Vlvant.
ROOSEVELT AS ORATOR;
AN ENGLISH ANALYSIS
"Think of a sledge hammer, a steam
roller, a slow moving, stone walling
batsman;" then, "think of a combina
tion of all three," and you have some
idea of Mr. Roosevelt's oratory, says
"One Who Has Heard Him," in the
London Daily Mail. An orator must
first of all make himself heard. No
body ever found fault with Mr. Roose
velt on this score, we are told.
He speaks slowly and very clearly.
Every word, every syllable even, is
separate and distinct. His one gesture
is tremendous. He raises his right
arm. He holds it threateningly above
his head. It trembles with emphasis.
It grips the hearers tight. They watch
it as one watches a thundercloud ready
to burst or a great tree about to fall.
Then with a pistonlike movement he
brings it down. The clenched right
fist thuds into the left palm. His
point is rammed home. The tension
The kaiser was greatly taken by this
characteristic attitude of his guest.
He told his intimates with great glee
how he had sent Mr. Roosevelt a
photograph in which the ex-president
on horseback was expounding some
thesis with uplifted arm, while the
kaiser was bending forward in the
saddle to listen. Upon the back of
the photograph his imperial majesty
had playfully written: "The general
in chief of the German armies agreeing
with ex-President Roosevelt"
Then for a change oratory must be
well varied Mr. Roosevelt will turn
to humor. His features, which have
leeu almost convulsed with strenuous
ness, relax and grow mild. His teeth
are no longer terrible. A smile I had
almost said a grin broadens out his
cheeks aud jaws. His eyes gleam
with enjoyment. Up goes his voice
up, up, into a falsetto. The audience
lean forward not to miss the joke.
The point cornea on the high G. In
the perfect stillness even a whisper
could be heard. It is almost in a
whisper that he ends. Then, as a roar
of laughter checks him, he stands tri
umphant, smiling benevolently .watch
ing the effect he has made.
His humor, which is always an -
SIN OF THE NATION.
A nation heavily indebted, pluug
ing rapidly deeper into debt, fast ex
hausting the means by which the in
terest upon its debt might be paid,
yet living thoughtless of to-morrow in
unexampled extra vagauce such is
the strange picture of the United
Stales paiuted by the broad facts of its
international exchange situation.
Six hundred million dollars was
needed la.t year to pay our balance
due foreign nations, remarks the New
York World. Mouey spent by tour
ists abroad, the dowries of American
wives to noblemen, remittances home
by immigrants, the interest and divid
ends on our foreign-owned securities
must all be paid in an excess of reports
over imports. When the purchase of
foreign silks and wines and automo
biles and furs aud jewels grows rapid
ly, exports must also grow or we fall
behind. A princely husband in Par
is costs a million pounds of mess pork.
A dog collar of pearls imported calls
for a cargo of cotton in return.
Exports in 1909 fell nearly $400,-
000,000 short of meeting our require
ments. The bounty of our gold and
silver miues reduced tbedeiict to $300,
000,000. So iu a year we have $300,
000,000 worth of fresh borrowings; and
if no more than 4 per cent interest is
paid on the newly-exiled securities,
then by $12,000,000 more in interest
are this year's difficulties enhanced.
With such a balance sheet at New
Year's one might have looked for some
effort at economy. Nothing of the
sort happened. With January, total
imports for twelve months shot above
$1,500,000,000 for the first time in his
tory. With February came an ex
cess of imports for the first time in
fifteen years at that season. We have
grave warnings from economists that
food with which heretofore our lavish
bills were met will soon be needed at
home; that cotton our great exchange
crop, is menaced by corners which pro
voke foreign spinners to sell colonial
cotton fields. But neither people nor
governments take heed.
Extravagance is the national sin.
In the city a mayor with vast powers
exposes the waste of millions. In the
State we confront an increase of$12,-
000,000 in yearly expenditure, and no
official has the power of retrenchment.
In the nation Senator Aldrich tells us
of $300,000,000 annual waste, yet Rep
resentative Gillette complains that no
one takes any interest in economy.
In private life a lavish spirit demands
everything in multiples, from opera
houses to splendid restaurants.
Great country and city .houses which
a Zola or a Ferrero would liken to the
building mania of Rome in a deca
dence; Italian gardens, game preserves.
nounced by the falsetto, is large and
hearty,- never illnatured, never very
subtle. It consists largely of dressing
up familiar maxims in some quaint
and arresting form of words.
Those who only read Mr. Roose
velt's speeches can not understand the
ir spell. "He says nothing which is
not familiar," they complain. "What
is the secret which compels audiences
to listen to him and to come away loud
in his praise?" The secret is personal
ity, which really means vitality,
abounding, overflowing life and vigor,
setting in motion a current of energy
which it fa impossible to resist Mr.
Roosevelt is a hypnotist. He "puts
the 'fluence" on every one who comes
into touch with him. He makes an
ordinary remark with such force of
emphasis that you are carried away.
"What a profound thought!" you mur
mur. "Why has that never occurred
to me before?" Yet upon reflection
you cannot for the life of you explain
where the profundity came in.
This English writer remarks that
the public speakers of his own country
scarcely ever make a "downright state
ment." They would think it indecor
ous." But to the colonel the real plea
sure of speaking is in the chance it
gives him to relieve his mind.
At Cairo he was asked to leave out
his reference to the murder of the
prime minister. "No," he answered,
"that is just what I want to say. If
you do not care about it let us call the
There spoke the essential Roosevelt
not the politican, but the preacher.
His object in speaking is to do good.
To give advice, to stiffen healthy in
stincts, to strengthen public opinion
against meanness aud cruelty.to induce
every man and every woman to make
the beat of themselves those are the
essential Roosevelt aims. His style
smacks more of the pulpit than the
platform. "If I had been a
Methodist," he once declared, "I should
have applied for a license as a lay
preacher." Since then he has obtain
ed a license to preach but from a
greater body than the Methodist con
ference. He is preacher in ireneial to
1 the whole civilized world
a hundred foolish forms of aping upon
new soil the feudal excrescences that
Europe was centuries in developing,
exhaust resources. The well to do
fling their coins about until the very
sleeping car porters buy automobiles
and break the speed laws driving
home from work.
Lowell before the war thought that
America was to be a land of "small
estates." In Emerson's "Concord" it
was a land of plain living and high
thinking. It has been a land of thrift
and mainly of steady habits. We need
to get back to the ways of our wisest,
simplest men. Extravagance robs the
future. Waste is unpatriotic. Debt
assumed for no good cause is disgrace.
For public and private economy the
time to begin is right now. The
THE SPIRIT OF AMERICAN EN
TFRPRISE. The American's mental attitude
may be surmised from his attempts at
interpretation of his "great men," the
captains of creative effort, those Tit
nic psychical phenomena that move
upon the face of the continent and are
in their effect their sheer power to
transform, more potent than tempest
or flood. What is the popular con
ception of these tremendously efficient
organisms that sit in their New York
offices and see the travail of their spirit
express itself in the material excres
censes of railroad and pipe line, eleva
tor and steel mill? The American idea
of a "great man" is that he is a being
not of extraordinary subtlety, but of
transcendent directness and perspica
city. He can see through sixteen in
ches of armor plate. His superior in
telligence does not exule in triply in
volute mazes of labyrinthine dailectic.
The captain of industry that looks out
at you from the pages of the magazines
is so simple that it is hard to believe in
him. The character sketch that goes
with the picture sounds like the ans
wer to a conundrum. His schemes
are so artless that it seems a shame to
take the money. He "thinks in
Some day with the same naive di
rectness we shall recognize the ad
ministrative function. The complex
ity, of chicane, the depths of dishonesty
in our organization of the political ma
chine, begin to weary the hearts of
men who define a straight line as "the
shortest distance between two points."
Presently we shall find our cities pro
ceeding to their ends of government
with as straightforward purpose as we
expect in a business house. Gradually
the relations of state and nation will
be worked out in frank recognition of
essential conditions. That which now
seems so vast and multifarious a con-1
flict of warring interests and irrecon
cilable advantages will be bound to
gether in a federal compact so simple,
so basic in its assumptions, that we
shall at last have attained to a true
democracy, an immediate application
of the social authority to the ordering
of life wherein the community spirit
will sway the vast sweep of America, as
it scarcely swayed even the city state
of Athens. Then we shall have a
governmental machinery worthy of our
democratic social organization and of
the traditions of our diplomacy. For
nowhere has the peculiar American
penchant for coming to the point pro
duced more startling results than in
our foreign policy. So simple a mat
ter as to say what you want and to
say what you say has completely non
plussed the diplomatic world, masters
of shift and artists in evasion. The
triumphs of "shirt sleeve diplomacy"
have taken away its name of contempt.
The artifice of the plain truth, the in
volved subtlety of a blunt demand,
the elusive double entenere couched
in an ultimatum of so many words
there is our secret, the directness that
misleads, and the simplicity that lie
fuddies. David Martin Key in Har
Clyde Fitch's Joks.
"Clyde Fitch was an indefatigable
worker," Baldwin actor who has played
In many of the Fitch comedies. "When
he had a play on the stocks he would
labor over It day and night, often
scarcely pausing for his meals and
getting very little sleep: consequent
ly his health suffered. lie would work
until on the verge of a uerrous break
down, and then bis physician would
step In and force him to knock off.
"During one of these periods of en
forced idleness be was lounging in the
Players club one day when Harry U
Smith, the prolific comic opera libret
tist, strolled in.
"'What are you doing now? asked
" 'I am in my doctor's bands,' replied
Fitch. 'lie tells me I'm in a bad way
and has absolutely forbidden me to do
any brain work.
"That's tough. said Smith. 'How
do you manage to put iu the time?
"Oh. I'm writing the libretto of a
musical comedy!' replied Fitcb. with
one of his cynical siulles.-New York
French theater managers in the
eighteenth century had worse evils
than picture hats to contend against.
Marie Antoinette, who was short even
according to French standards, set the
fashion of bigb coiffures, and ultra
fashionable women prided themselves
on measuring four feet from their
chins to the tops of their heads.
These structures took about six hours
to erect, the hairdresser mounting a
ladder in the process. Some coiffures
were almost as broad as they were
long, with wings sticking out about
eight Inches on each side of the bead.
For the "frigate" coiffure the hair was
rippled in a huge pile to represent the
waves of an angry sea and surmount
ed by a fully rigged ship. As a con
sequence of these monstrosities dis
turbances in theaters occurred almost
daily nntll nn ordinance was issued
against the admission of women with
high coiffures to the floor of the house.
Yst He Msant Well.
Just as the train was leaving the
Fifty-eighth street elevated station a
man who had got off there hurried
along the platform and spoke to a pas
senger sitting by an open window in
the smoking car.
"Quick!" be cried. "Please hand me
that package. I left It on the seat
when I got out just now."
"Sure," said the passenger, picking
up the bundle and tossing it out of the
"Hey, there! What are you doing
that for?' demanded the wrathful, red
faced man sitting next to him.
"You double dyed Idiot, that package
belonged to me! It was $15 worth of
laces and ribbons I was taking home
to my wife!"
Over the scene that followed let us
draw a veil. Chicago Tribune.
-All Things Corns."
The magnate looked up impatiently
from his work.
"Well, my good man," be snapped at
the diffident rural person who stood
twirling his rusty hat. "what can I do
"I guess ye don't remember me.
Hank." faltered the caller. "But you
an me use ter go swimmin' together
In th' ol town. Then you got a Job
In th bank, an I got a Job la th' gro
"This Is all very interesting, and I
seem to remember your face. But
come to the point my time is valu
able." "Yes, Hank. You got a better offer
and left the old village. I stayed plug
ging along in th grocery store."
"Well, Hank, when you left you
owed $73.02 on a grocery bill. Here's
where you pay up!" Cleveland Leader.
Psrfumss In Ancisnt Days.
Old as the history of the world itself
is that of the queen of flowers. The
ancient Greeks and Romans reveled in
roses. They were used lavishly at their
feasts. In the time of the republic the
people had their cups of Falernian
wine swimming with blooms, and the
Spartan soldiers after the battle of
Clrrba refused to drink any wine that
was not perfumed with roses, while at
the regatta of Baiae the whole surface
of the Lucrine lake was strewn with
Patience Did you enjoy my last
song? Patrice I might have if I had
(known it was your last. Yonkera
Laziness travels so slowly that pov
erty soontovertakes him. Franklin.
We carry the late styles and up-to-date
designs in Furniture.
If you are going to fur
nish a home, or just add a
piece to what you already
have, look over our com
Need a Kitchen Cabinet?
See the "Springfield.'
21-21-23 West 11th St.
He Saved the Patent Office.
When In the war of 1812 the British,
who had taken Washington, t mined
their guns uion the patent office. Dr.
Thornton, throwing himself directly
before the guns, cried:
"Are you Englishmen or Cot lis and
Vandals? This is the patent office a
depository of the ingenuity and inven
tions of the American nation, in which
the whole civilized world is interested.
Would you destroy it? Then let the
charge pass through uiy body.
And the building was spared. Twenty-four
years afterward, however, it
was destroyed by fire, together with
everything In It.
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WATCH THE PROGRESS OF
FARM DEVELOPMENT IN WYOMING
Th Richtst Uflicvtlaata State to the West
GO WITH ME on one of our personally
conducted Iandsrckers' excursions to
THE BIG HORN BASIN
the first and third Tuesdays of each month, and see what
the farmers are doing on these new lands where the Bur
lington Railroad is building new lines; where new towns
offer splendid business openings in all lines of trade and
EXAMINE THESE LANDS PERSONALLY with me. I will
help you to pick out the best. I am employed by the
Burlington Railroad for this very purpose.
OUR HOMESEEKERS' TICKET allows you 25 days with
stop overs everywhere in homeseekers' territory; ample
time to examine the lands and spend a few days fishing in
the mountain streams if you like. Seethe irrigated lands
where the ditches are built by the Government and also by
private companies, and the Mondell 320-acre FREE home
steads all on one trip.
SPECIALLY PREPARED WYOMING LITERATURE just
off the press. Write for it today.
In fact, for anything in the book
binding line bring your work to
Why He Applauded.
"Are ymi fni.d f iiiusio?" asked a
stnisccr r rlie vomit; man at the con
cert uim u-is applauding vigorously
after a pretty yirl hud Ming a song in
a very painful way.
"Nt p:irtit-nl:irly." replied the young
man frankly, "but I am extremely
fond of the musician."
Out of Her Reach.
"Does your heart ever reach out for
"X. hut my hands do when my hus
band N not at imiue. There are three
button-: at the back of my gown that I
D. CLEM DEAVER. General fluent
Land Seekers Infsrmatlen Bureau
1004 Farnam Street. Omaha, Nebr.
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