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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1910)
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TRAMP KNEW HUMAN NATURE
Simple Stratagem That Secured for
"Knight of the Road" a Sub
A clever little bit of human nature
was used by a "knight of the road" re
cently on a matron living in a suburb
f Pittsburg, and as a result he slept
with a full stomach that night.
The suburb is quite small, and when
the tramp dropped oil a freight and
imbled up the mala street he was quite
hungry. There were about ten houses
which gave fair chance of meals, and
the tramp lost no time. He was not
turprised when the first housewife
clammed the door In his face, nor the
econd, for that was natural and the
proper thing to do. But when he
ached the ninth house, or rather was
elpod away, he was thoroughly dis
gusted. The town certainly had him
After a short rest and a deep think
the hungry one knocked at the door
f the tenth house.
"Madam, can you let a hungry man
&Hve a bite to oat? I don't think you
ean, though," he said. The woman
aliened her ears.
"Why" can't 1?" she inquired.
"The wou.an next door said
idn't have enough for yourself."
He got his meal.
CENTENARY JUNE 23
CELEBRATION AT BSLLEVUE ON
THE ABOVE DATE.
all mmn is invited
Addresses by Prominent Men During
the Day and in the Evening at
Brandeis Theatre in Omaha.
At the Bovine Faucets.
"I pent my little boy on his first visit
r tJi rtiirt-Tr lief nil.- ootrl a WnoH I
. . ". , . , , ' ...... w Governor Shalleuberger, G
aiy Loyhood was passed on the old
farm. Willie has grown to the age of
flight in the city, lie had been watch
tag T'ncle Hezekiah milk the cow on
fcis f.rst evening, and when he re
turned to the house his aunt asked
"Is Uncle Hezzie through milking
-'Not yet.' answered Willie. 'He
bad finished two faucets and has just
begun on the olher two." "
frxTB o Ohto enr or Toledo, r
Lucia Coc.vrr. f
riu'vE J. Ciiknet cutkM oath that he to aralm
iiturr ot the Ona of F. J. Ciievey & Co dcliut
iuiKincn In tl.e City of To'fd.i. Count and hlat
ifomMJI. and tliat said Arm will pay the sum o!
ONH HUNDRED DOLI.AItH for each aid every
asp or Catakru that cannot be cured by the use o
tUua Carar.hu Cicx.
ITIANK J. CHENEY.
tTorn to before me and subscrllted tn iny preaene
bLi cti: day ot December. A. I. 1SSS.
i A. W. OLEASON
t, KOTABT PCBUG
Hall Catarrh Cure If takra Internally and aru
fln-ctly u'kiu the Mood an.l raucous eurtace ot tha
ayntein. Bezui tor U-rtunoilVs. free.
P. J. CHENEY & CO- ToiadO. a
dnld by all DruixUta. Tic
Vkfce UaU'a family fiUa tor consUaatloa.
Reasoning of Youthful Mind.
A schoolmistress whose hair was
of the blackest hue, was one day giv
ing a lesson on a coal mine to a class
In Suffolk. England. To make the les
son interesting as possible she went
on to say she had herself been in a
coal mine. A little lad put up bit
bund, and when pointed to said:
"Please, teacher, is that what made
four hair so black?"
Important to Mothers
Examine caretuily every bottle of
3ASTORI A, a safe and sure remedy for
Infants and children, and see that it
Dears the rf yr&S
Signature & (JaffllZ3ZM
In Use For Over 30 Years.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
"Doesn't It annoy you to be bald
"Not at all." replied the gonial citl
een. "When we go out evenings my
wife wears more than enough hair for
PRRRT DAVIS IMINKICMSK
tor All iw.rts of cms. brul-s. hums and strain
fami internally It ourrs diarrbi-a and drwnlerr
.void aubsUiutea. 20c.tsandSOc j"j
Some choirs have the artistic tem
penui.ent so bady they will sing a
lullaby just before the sermon.
or. troVi Piquant PeHett tint pot op 40 yev
j Tbrj npirulaM ana Invigorate atomaclL7Urw
Wulboanla. dmjar-cuatwl tiny granule. ""
On Tuesday, June. 23, the Nebras
ka centenary celebration will be held
at Eellevue. It is under the auspices
of the Nebraska State Historical So
ciety, of which J. L. Webster is presi
dent An event of more than usual In
terest will be the untitling of monu
ments marking points of interest in
and about Bellevue in the afternoon
of centenary day. Three organiza
tions are to be represented in the
affairs of the day. The territorial
pioneers' association, the Douglas
county pioneers' association and the
Harpy county association are ex
pected to each figure In the day's
At the afternoon meeting in Uelle
vue Mr. Webster will pteside and
tles and Albert Watkinr, historian of
the state historical society, are to
Proclamations from Mayor Dahl
man of Omaha and Mayor Trainor of
South Omaha are to be Issued declar
ing June 23 a special holiday and or
ders from Washington have allowed a
half holiday for the employes of the
South Omaha postoflice. Similar or
ders are expected in connection with
the Omaha postofOce.
The care of the grounds at Belle
vue for the picnic and celebration has
been left to the Sarpy county pioneers
association. Assurance was received
at at meeting of the general commit
tee on Saturday evening that all ar
rangements for the celebration would
be taken care of. A big tent is to be
erected for the benefit of those who
will hear the speaking program.
All Nebraska is invited, and a spe
cial Invitation is to be issued to the
the residents of Pottawattamie and
Mills counties, la., to attend the cele
bration. Notification has been re
ceived by the officials that special
delegations will attend from Oage,
Lincoln and Lancaster counties in
George E. MacLean, president of
the Iowa state university, and Chan
cellor Avery of Nebraska university
are to be speakers at the meeting to
be held in the Brandeis theater In
connection with the Bellevue cen
tenary on the evening of June 23.
John Lee Webster, chairman of the
general committee in charge of the
centenary celebration, has received
the acceptances of Chancellor Avery
and President MacLean.
The meetings will comprise several
Interesting numbers aside from the
principal addresses of the evening. A
band and a choral society will fur
nish music. Webster, who is also to
preside at the celebration In Belle
vue in the afternoon, is to speak as
president of the state historical society.
State Treasurer L. G. Brian has
filed with the governor a semi-annual
statement of the transactions of the
treasury for the period from Decem
ber 1, 1909, to May 31. 1910. The fol
lowing table shows the receipts and
payments during that period in the
Fund. Receipts. Payments.
Genur.il J1.C-'3.173.S $L.059.1M.j3
Temp, school 2tJ.701.ll 23S.t'04.23
Temp university .'3;.0'0.(M 21S.011.2I
1 23.57 S.79
21. IS 53
JLvV mw i
Hosp'I for Insane.
Permanent uni ..
Aff. col. endow...
Peru Norm. HbrV
As. and Mec. Arts
U. S. As. station 11.000.00
L tlvers.lty cash.. 57.S7C.34
Kearney Nor. lib. 2.000.00
Totals ?2.f.l 1.743.73 52.241.033.12
Balances: December 1. $50.". 700 07: .May
31. $;7G.4I0.r.S: cash on h.in.l. $r2.'J38.47:
cash on tleptit.i. $7S3. 172.21; trust fund
Investments. JS347.5CI.C1; lond. JS.379.
3S1 23; university fund warrants. J1C3,
IS.'j. Semi-Annual Report of Auditor.
The semi-annual report of State
Auditor Ilarton, bled with the gov
ernor, shows there are outstanding
warrants at this time to the amount
cf $297,774.74; there has been issued
during the six months $l.ti97.50G.i9;
amount outstanding December 1, 1909
$03C.392.SS; amount paid, $1,750,124.
33. leaving the balance outstanding
as shown above. The treasurer has
enough money to pay all of the out
standing warrants and hardly miss it.
Roosevelt Declines Invitation.
Col. Roosevelt has written to Gov
ernor Shalienberger that at this time
it is impossible for him to accept an
invitation to deliver an address to
the State Teachers' association which
will meet next November. The former
president wrote from London and in
formed the governor he was so busy
that he had not the time to answer
personally all the letters that came
to him, but in this case he so ap
preciated the invitation that he had
done so. He suggested that the gover
nor write to him again upon his re
Secretary Junkin Files Report.
The semi-annual report of Secre
tary of State Junkin for the period
from December 1 to May 31 shows
the total receipts for the office to
have been $17,4SS.0B. This was di
vided as follows: For filing articles
of incorporations and certificates of
agents, $12,3$s.86; notarial commis
sions, $5C6; certificates and trans
cripts, 1297.20; for labels and trade
marks. $21; issuing marks and
brands. $213.05; motor vehicle
license, $4,039.53; corporation per
mits, $2.ri,5l5.40; corporation pen
HE nation that
leads the world
In feverish busi
ness activity re
grounds as well
says George Otis
Smith, which is
but an application
to America of the
old saw that all
work and no play
maices of Jack a dull boy. When
Secretary Seward was endeavoring
to enlist the support of the people
for his project to purchase Alaska
me of the somewhat esthetic argu
ments by which he sought to gain
advocates was that this great north
western territory should be ac
quired if for nothing else than that
It would afford a magnificent sum
mer playground for the American
nation. Alaska's purchase is doubt
less Justified on this score alone.
and, while its varied topography af
fords in truth a wonderful field to
the tourist, there are much more
readily accessible "playgrounds"
within the. United States. Indeed,
some lie at our very doors, although
for lack of good transportation facil
ities they may be more difficult of
access than far distant points.
The nation owes It to Itself, to
the people cf the present day, and
even more to those of a future con
gested population to create into na
tional parks the magnificent regions
of the Rocky
the High Sierra,
which have little.
If any, economic
thus preserve al
ways their natu
ods will quickly
follow and thus
U..5. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY"
j ' fif' ?-&'2rs
Unfavorable growing weather for
growing corn during the past month
has made it necessary to replant a
good many fields in Nebraska, and a
few cases are reported where the
farmers are being put to the neces
sity of planting a third time. The corn
which was put in by the check row
system Is doing better than the list
ed grain, because the kernels wprp
The best way m lead the to ieu near U!e toP ol tUe ground where
Files for Congress.
Clarence E. Harmon of Holdrege
has filed his name with the secretary
of state as candidate for the dem
ocratic nomination for congress In
the Fifth district. Mr. Harmon is a
traveling man employed by a Council
Muffs firm and is well known over
the district among democrat6. He has
never held office, though a hard part
wrongdoing is to nuike a mockery of
the punishment of the strong
Letria' Sinpte Binder 5c cigar eqoalt
to. quality most 10c cigars.
When a man dries up like a mummy
fee usuallv thinks be 13 a saint.
4Yiav. irnf tlin Itnfinfit aP ...... ......f.1.!.. ..
When listing was done in April, the
ground was dry and farmers plowed
the ground deep.
.1 STOMACH f
1 BITTERS I
Banks Have Money Galore.
Regardless of the vast investments
that have been made by the people
of Nebraska during the last few
months and the amount of money put
In the lands of other states, the
banks Indicate that the money had
hardly been missed. Secretary Royse
of the state banking board has Issued
a statement showing the condition of
the banks at the close of business
May 11. It is of a highly satisfactory
Aldrich Files for Governor.
C. H. Aldrich of David City filed
his name as a candidate for the re
publican nomination for governor.
Mr. Aldrich is an attorney and served
in the senate in 1907, being one of
the auditors of the railway commis
sion bill and also a member of the
committee which drafted the primary
The fact that Hostett
ers Stomach Bitters has
helped thousands of sickly
people back to health during
the past 56 years should
Convince you that it is the
medicine you need for Indi
gestion & Stomach Ills.
Cm quickly ba oraco bj
ct mirdr sad
eu. aad Iadboa. They do t&dr doty.
( Stal Pin, SmaB Dim, Saul Pric.
GENUINE no bear Rgaature:
BBBs aimi ar
Initnn.U.U Uoolnirw, High
'SUVZZl ThMMtM't Eyt WalN
Jury Finds Henry Guilty.
Guilty on all three counts was the
verdict returned by the Jury in fed
eral court which heard evidence in
the case of E. H. Henry, charged with
using the mail to defraud.
Mains Files for Congress.
E. I Mains, deputy food commis
sioner, filed his name as a candidate
for the democratic nomination for con
gress in the Fourth district. Mr.
Mains filed personally as a democrat
and Included in his filing a petition
asking that his name also go on the
populist ticket as a populist.
Fire Drills in Schools.
A. V. Johnson, fire commissioner,
has taken up with State Superintend
ent Bishop the proposition to have
school teachers Instruct their pupils
regarding fires, explosives, the use of
matches and what to do in case of
fire. Mr. Bishop wrote to the fire
commissioner that he would be glad
to co-operate with him in this movement.
Calls on Bishop.
J. W. Crabtree, formerly principal
of the Peru normal school, was at
the state house and bad a talk with
Superintendent Bishop. Mr. Crabtree
said he would not be a candidate for
state superintendent if Mr. Bishop de
sired to run again, but that if the su
perintendent accepted the Iowa ofTer
he may decide to run, though he had
not fully determined the question.
To Test Aeroplane Flights.
The Lincoln Aero club just organ
ized is planning to procure a tract of
ground just outside the city limits
for club grounds where test flights
can be made with aeroplanes. Dr. G.
D. Brownfield is working on a four
foot model of a double bi-plane ma
chine which be and members of the
club think will have some advan
tages over the Wright and Curtiss ma
chines. The machine has revices
which are especially advantageous in
preserving the balance of the machine
In the air.
Turiey to Ask for Pardon.
Mrs. Turiey, whose husband Is
serving a sentence of seventeen
years for the murder of a man with
whom he was fighting, called on the
governor and will probably ask for a
hearing on an application for a par
don for her husband. According to
lier story, Turiey was out 3hootIng
rabbits with his sons, when he ran
into a man who was killing pigs with
a pitchfork, that had broken into his
field. Turiey spoke to the man and
In turn he was set upon by the man,
whom he killed in self-defense.
Draws Fine of $1,CC0.
Charles P. Fay of Haigler pleaded
guilty in federal court last week to
the offense of procuring a perjured
affidavit in a homestead entry for
land in Dundy county. He was fined
$1,000 and paid that amount, with
costs, into the office of Clerk McClay.
Two separate bills were pending
against Fay, but the second was dismissed.
Nebraska State Institute.
The Nebraska State institute closed
with a program at the University
farm. The secretary's records show
that about 200 were enrolled in this
institute. Of this number fifty were
county super tendents, 100 city
superintendents and twenty-five
school officers. Superintendents from
other states present and taking part
in the program were E. T. Fairchild
of Kansas, W. E. Harmon of Montana,
C. G. Schultz of Minresota, John W.
Zeller of Ohio, A. C. Nelson of Utah,
and N. P. Swasson of South Dakota.
Blackburn Files for Congress.
Thomas W. Blackburn came to
Lincoln and filed his name with the
secretary of state as a candidate for
the republican nomination for con
gress in the Second district.
Governor Shalienberger will soon
be ready to designate the newspapers
in which the proposed constitutional
amendments are to be published.
This was formerly done by the secre
tary of state, but tht last legislature
changed the law.
ized on some
such basis as
that of the Si
erra club of Cali
fornia, but with
the United States
tor its field of
work to be done
and would en
list many ardent
supporters. Numerous national parks have al
ready been established by the government, some
because of their recognized standing as natural
wonderlands, such as Yellowstone, and others
through insistent championship of enthusiasts.
The youngest member of the playground fam
ily, now knocking at the door for national protec
tion, is the proposed Glacier National park In
northern. Montana. There are some people In the
east who do not even know that there are gla
ciers in the United States today, but think of
them as extinct monsters belonging to a past geo
logic era. To such the very name. Glacier park.
Is an education. There are no longer, it is true,
vast continental glaciers; even the great frozen
regions of Alaska are small in extent compared
with the ancient glaciers, but the remnants of the
onetime universal ice sheets, such as can be
seen In Glacier park, are so majestic and numer
ous as to awaken in the mind of the traveler sen
timents of unbounded awe and wonder at Na
ture's matchless handiwork.
-Give a month at least to this precious re-
Kanrn aM .!. m..l.. .... ,
.n... v, jo nuuii jmiiii, ume leu years ago, in
speaking of the delights of this region. "The
time will not be taken from the sum of your life.
Instead of shortening it will Indefinitely lengthen
It and make you truly immortal.
Nor are the attractions of the Glacier park
region confined to the scenic. Here lies, for in
stance, the majestic Lake McDonald, full of brisk
trout, as described by Mr. Mulr. in the heart of
the splendid Flathead forests of giant pine,
spruce and cedar, while ten miles above Is Ava
lanche lake, shimmering at the foot of a group of
glacier-laden mountains. Far up the white peaks
one can hardly fail to meet the white goat or
American chamois, while In other retreats dwell
deer, elk and bear, and many smaller, sleek-furred
animals enjoying their beautiful lives In company
with numerous bird species.
It Is hoped that the present session of con
gress will preserve for the nation this latest
playground and constitute it another of our na
tional parks. It will then be our second largest
park, surpassed only by the Yellowstone.
Tho Sixtieth congress made a favorable re
port on a Glacier park bill, which had also the
strong support of the secretaries of the interior
and agriculture. This report was based largely
upon a topographic survey made four years ago
by a United States geological survey party, and
upon a later compilation by Robert H. Chapman,
one of the party, embracing a total area of about
1.000.000 acres lying Just south of the Canadian
line and between Flathead river and the Black
feet Indian reservation. This area contains CO
or more true glaciers, ranging in size from small
glaciers of a few acres each to those covering five
square miles. It also contains over 250 glacial
lakes from a few hundred feet to ten miles In area.
The Rocky mountain system in the United
States abounds in regions of wild and magnificent
scenery, but it is doubtful if any of them sur
passes in grandeur and Interest that of Glacier
park. From its area water flows to Hudson bay,
the Gulf cf Mexico and the Pacific ocean. Mount
Cleveland, its highest peak, reaches an eleva
tion of 10.434 feet, and there are many other rug
ged mountains ranging from 6.000 to 10.000 feet
above sea level. This area of the northern Rocky
mountains, says Mr. Chapman, which lies to the
north of the Great Northern railway and to the
south of the Canadian boundary, is one of the
most beautiful mountain regions in the world.
Approaching the divide from the plains region to
the east, the mountains present to the traveler a
Tf -. .
horns and the white
goats will soon become
fi Sjp. There are numcr-
mis rasses through the
y higher ranges. Across-
these the game trails
lead from valley to valley. Following
the game came the Indians; the hunt
er and the trapper. looking for easy
routes of travel, followed the Indians;
then came the government engineers
exploring and mapping, and finally the
hardier of the tourists and lovers of
nature. Most of these passes are
closed for many months of each year
by the snow; some of them are avail
able only after the use of the ax to
give footing on the hard ice of gla
ciers lying close to the Continental
divide, but across one or two of them
wagon roads may be built by which
persons unfitted for the strenuous ef
forts now required to reach the higher
country may have opportunity to view
It at close range. None of the passes
that are south of the Canadian boun
dary will ever be used for a railway
There Is Interest In Canada which
looks with favor upon the creation of
the proposed Glacier park, and at
6orae future day the locomotive may
cross from the Dominion to the wa
ters of the Flathead river and wend
southward to the towns and farming
valleys adjacent to Columbia falls and
Kalispell, forming a link between the
-L ,-.. i
rock wall of great
northwest by southeast
for unbroken miles ex
cept where cut by deep
These have been large
ly formed by the great
glaciers which once
slowly flowed from the
peaks and ridges form
ing the divide between
the drainage of the At
lantic and the Pacific
oceans the northern continental divide.
Deep In he canyons are roaring streams, com
ing from the melting Ice and snow and flowing
Into placid mountain lakes below. Between the
canyons the long, finger-like ridges rise to consid
erable heights, the timber-covered slopes ascend
ing steeply until a region of brush-grown broken
rock is reached, which in turn leads to the base
of precipitous cliffs. The canyons at the head
usually terminate in great amphitheaters, rising
cliff over cliff in a stairway of tremendous pro
portions. Many of the steps of these giant's
stairways retain Ice masses which slowly flow
across tfcem, each fed from a large Ice mass
above until a region of huge snow banks Is
The main Rocky mountain mass Is actually
made up of two principal parallel ridges, the
Lewis and the Livingston ranges, which run ap
proximately through the center of the proposed
park. These ranges are the remnants of what
was once a much wider plateau-like region of
rock, which, however, has been mightily carved
and. shattered by the forces of erosion, princi
pally those of the great ancient glaciers. Resting
upon this great mass are the higher peaks, huge
pyramids and blocks, with din's and precipices
of hundreds and sometimes thousands of feet,
plunging away down to the roaring streams of
the canyons or ending In the great crevasse at
the head of some glacier.
To the westward the mountains break pre
cipitously, and from the foot of the steep. long,
timber-covered ridges reach out toward the valley
of the Flathead river. Between these ridges and
extending un the canyons of the higher range
are many miles of lakes. Joined by rushing
streams similar to those on the eastern side.
The whole park is inhabited by wild animals
and birds and tho streams abound in many kinds
of fish. In the higher barren rock areas the white
goat is found in great numbers, while on the
slightly lower ridges, where some protection Is
afforded by stunted timber growth and brush
and jagged slopes, the Rocky mountain sheep, or
"bighorn," has his haunts. In the valleys and on
the loner spur3 are many white-tail and black-tail
deer and moose; In places a few elk are found,
and over the whole area, from high glacier and
snow-field to huckleberry bush region of valley
and flat, roams the giant grizzly bear.
All the game animals use the higher moun
Canadian Pacific and the Great Northern railroads.
A route on the west side of the Flathead river,
says Mr. Chapman, is very available for the loca
tion of a railroad track.
In order to open up this region of superb and
unique scenery for the public, a few main road
ways will be required along the streams, together
with horse trails to points of especial Interest.
Lake McDonald. It is pointed out in the senate
report. lying near the southwestern boundary ot
the proposed park. Is a sheet of water of un
matched beauty, surrounded by scenery of such
signal grandeur as to make a roadway along its
eastern shore extremely desirable, but this. It Is
stated. Is a matter for the future consideration of
The region combines all the elements of an Ideal
"playground" as it stands. It needs only official
designation to insure Its protection and perpetuity
as such to stimulate the establishment of trans
portation facilities, making It more readily avail
able to visitors. While of interest geologically. It
Is of little, if any, economic importance. The con-.
ditions are particularly adapted to the study of the
structure and history of mountain building, as the
ancient forces of nature were most active and a
tremendous folding and warping of the once hori
zontally bedded rocks Is In many places apparent.
At one time prospectors for copper flocked to the
region, but no finds were made indicative of any
economic deposits, and the same may be said as to
oil. From the reconnaissance made by the geo
logical survey it Is not believed that Glacier park
contains any mineral-bearing formations of com
mercial importance. However, If such are discov
ered following the creation of the park there will
be nothing to hinder their development.
KEEP YOUR FEET STRAIGHT.
How many men know how to walk? Most men
turn their toes In or out. a writer In the New York
Press says. The toes should not be turned either
way. Tbey ought to point straight ahead, so that
the foot at the end of each step can give the bodv
that upward, forward impetus that results in what
is called a springy walk. This does not mean that
a man should walk exclusively on bis toes. Th
whole foot must be used In proper walking Th2
goose step of the German army Is as absurd a th.
boy's prank of walking on his heels
When a man walks In the right wav-n.n
ntprallv the back of the heel fitrtfc-T?pciVMn
-: vu ,u .-. v ".- "" grounri
first. Then the rest of the heel cornea o -2na
. , J- . . T "" U8 " : !""- which the outer edge of the foot takes the hnS .
tain districts for summer range only, as the area the burden uati, tne forward mov "" of
weight to the ball of the foot and Anally to t
toes. The Ideal step Is a slightly rocking motion
At no time should the entire foot be pressed
against the ground. Heel to toe is the movement
Try it and see how much further and more eaall
you can walk. It's the Indian's way and what
Poor Lo doesn't know about footwork can go into
the discard. w
is too high and the snowfall too heavy to permit
of winter use. As in the case of the other nation
al parks, these game animals, protected by law
from interference, will Increase to such an extent
as to furnish in the overflow from the park a
tempting supply to sportsmen for all time; on the
other hand, without such protection of a breeding
ground, many of the animals, especially the big-
Heavy Snowfall at Valdez
Was So Deep as Almost Completely
to Bury Thriving Town in
"Probably you wouldn't believe it,
but snow fell during the past winter
In Valdez, Alaska, to the depth of 53
feet by. actual measurements taken
I uunng ine year aaiu r. o. uuuiau
Bl tkat city.
"Little of the city protruded above
the snow during the past winter,
though sunshine and heavy rains com
bined to keep the average depth about
15 feet. Valdez presented a peculiar
sight during the winter. Stovepipes
and chimneys were just visible above
the top of the snow, and entrances
to the stores and houses were made
by tunnels through the snow. All the
business affairs had to be carried on
by electric light, which was burned
all winter, day and night. Hotels and
boarding houses were crowded with
miners waiting to start for the Inland
mining districts over the Fairbanks
"A large number of miners went
over the Fairbanks trail during the
past year to claims In the interior of
Alaska. Along this trail there are
comfortable road houses every ten
miles or so, and there are none of the
hardships that were the portion of the
earlier prospectors before the trail
"Many 'mushers as the miners are
called up there, made the Journey from
a dez to the Interior by one horse
sleighs, and dog trains pulled by the
Eskimo 'huskie- dogs, which are
worth as much as good horses la that
The Carnegie Steel company nara
about one-seventh of the entire taxes
collected by the city of Yowgstowa.