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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1910)
almubus f oxtrttal.
Consolidated with the Columbus Times April
1, 1WM; with the Matte County Argus January
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-VEDNE8DAY. MAY IS, 1610.
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BkNEWALS The date opposite roar name on
roar paper, or wrapper shows to what time your
subscription is paid. Thus Jan05 shows that
payment Las been received np to Jan. 1,1905,
FebOB to Feb. 1, 1905 and so on. When payment
Is made, the date, which answers as a receipt,
will be chanced accordingly.
srs will continue to receive this journal until tho
publishers are notified by letter to discontinue,
when all arrearages most be paid. If yon do not
wish the Journal continued for another year af
ter the time paid for has expired, yoa should
prerioasly notify us to discontinue it.
C11ANGE IN ADDHESH-When ordering a
j hnge in the address, subscribers should be sore
to tflve their old as well as their new address.
About a year ago when Senator
Burkett introduced his famous resolu
tion to change the rules governing the
appointment of senate committees he
directed the attention of the country
to the almost supreme oligarchy of
the east in congress. It was to break
up that ring that he formulated his
resolution. He was determined that
the west should have its share in the
control of the affairs of the nation.
All agree that now is the time for
the west to secure itself in the con
gress of the United States. The old
guard from New England is passing
out and as a result the western sena
tors are getting their places. If the
west keep its senators in they will he
in the position of control. The place
so long held by Aldrich as head of the
finance committee and therefore
majority leader will go to Burrows, of
Michigan, a long step west. Senator
Hale of Maine retires and the chair
manship of the great appropriations
committee will pass to a western man.
Perkins, of California, is next in line,
but he has already said that he will
not accept it.
Warren, of Wyoming, would be the
next one to whom this great chair
manship would naturally go, but he is
much interested, for local reasons, iu
the military affairs committee, and
may decide to retain the chairmanship
of that committee. Senator Burkett,
of Nebraska, is in line, and if there
should be one or two waivers as above
he would become the chairman. The
chairmanship of the agricultural com
mittee has already been captured by
Dolliver of Iowa, a western man, and
Nelson, of Minnesota is second from
the top on commerce, a chairmanship
held by New England almost continu
ously for a hundred years. Clark, of
Wyoming, another western man, is
chairman of the committee on judi
ciary, and McCuniber of North Dako
ta has succeeded to the head of the
pension committee. If the west keeps
its head and returns its senators at the
next election, the great committees will
pnss into their hands after the fourth
of March next The old timers eay
that never in the history of the coun
try has so much depended upon an
election as upon the coming one.
And every indication is that the con
trol will go west the first time in his
tory. Of course it all depends upon
what the west does for itself. If they
send new men they must go to the foot
again and patiently work their way
up, while the people at home complain
of New England domination. Scotts
for the tariff is in general no higher
than it was ten years ago. As an ex
planation of higher prices the tariff is
not worthy of a moment's considera
tion. With respect to foodstuffs and all
other agricultural products there is a
force at work making for higher pri
ces which is entirely independent of
the increasing gold supply. It is the
increasing cost of production.
The rise of prices is not without its
compensation. It gives a peculiar
charm to business and industry, for
every man likes to sell on a rising
market It also is a great stimulus to
agriculture and is tending to draw
many of our young men away from the
cities to the country. This is a gold
en age for the farmer. The prices of
the things he j roduces are rising and
he is not tempted into foolish extrava
gances by too close contact with the
cities. Farmers, therefore, are getting
bank accounts as well as buying auto
mobiles. Indeed, it is a pretty good
time for any man who is willing to
work and save. The steady upward
tendency of prices seemed to indicate
a strong demand for goods and many
new industries are being established in
consequence. The demand for labor is
strong, better wages are paid than
former' and fewer men are out of em
ployment. The people to be pitied are those de
pendent on fixed salaries and income.
Their supply of money does not in
crease, but their expenses do, and they
feel the pinch. Prof. Joseph F. John
sou in Good House-keeping.
view and 7.58 per cent recidivieita.
During the last five years 182,680
natives have passed through the pris
ons roughly, one fifth of the total
native population. In other words, the
prison has lost its terrors for the
native. It has been made too cheap,
and familiarity breeds contempt for it
It was quite a common thing for the
natives who had on them money suffi
cient to pay their fines in petty offen
ses to select the alternative of the
week's or fortnight's imprisonment,
with the usual risk of the native petty
offender being locked up with harden
ed criminals and educated to crime.
ATCHISON GLOBE NOTES.
Many attribute the rise of prices to
our trusts and so-called monoKies.
This is exactly what the people did in
England three hundred years ago, and
the explanation is wrong now as it was
then. Trusts cannot raise the prices
of commodities above the buying pow
er of the people, and that is determin
ed by the amount of gold and credit in
their possession. To be sure, trusts
are anxious to get as high a price as
they can for what they have to sell, but
so they were twenty-five years ago,
when prices were falling. The meat
trust cannot charge any price it pleases
for steak and chops. No matter how
much it may try to squeeze the con
sumer, it is finally compelled to take
the price he is willing to pay. It can
not raise the price above that figure
any more than a man by jumping up
aud down on the scales can increase
bis weight The laws governing the
price of meat are entirely beyond the
control of any great meat trust or mo
nopoly that men can create. A mo
nopoly may for a time, by restricting
its output, be able to get a higher price
for what it sells, but all business men
have learned by experience that high
prices brought about in that way do
not mean high profits.
The tariff, which is blamed by
some people for high prices, affects
only a few articles and is no more ef
fective now than it was ten years ago,
"HERS NOT TO REASON WHY."
"Yes, who bear the burdens of war?
Custom answers. So stand in the
churchyard of any village in this great
land and read the answers on the
stones. 'In the service of their God,'
yes; in the service of their country,
yes; 'freedom's sake,' nobly true. Not
a word we erase from that perfect
tribute, not a flower would we take
from that wreath of honor. But might
we not all over the land do on next
Memorial day what I could not help
but do on one Memorial day gather
a few, a very few, wild blossoms from
the brookside and place them tender
ly upon the resting-place of a mother
and child? Inscription? No. She
fought in no battle. She bore no arms.
No word had she to say, no act to do
resjecting need or cause. Hers not to
reason why, hers but to give to give
all, husband, son, child, the love of her
heart, the light of her eyes, the hope of
her care; all, all, that was on earth to
make her wish to live. Hers not to
reason why, hers but to give and die.
"If it be true that God means that
His children shall clutch at one an
other's throats to the end of time, then
truly only those who can and love to
fight should be permitted to pave the
way. If broken limbs should trans
cend broken hearts, then women's
voices should be stilled. But let those
who feel thus take their fitting statiou
behind the warring Mohammed.
There is for such no place in the foot
steps of the gentle Christ. God meant
that for some inscrutable reason you
women should suffer as you do and as
men do. But simultaneously He im
planted in every human breast,womau s
as well as man's, the right to reason
why. Aud if today the spirit of that
brave man could speak from the
unknown I cannot but believe
it would say, 'Stamp upon a single
stone these words, "For our God, for
our country, to free the slaves, we died
together." And so the words I
would leave last in your minds shall
be: Not to die in war unless it be a
holy war, but to live in peace, in hoe
in help to humanity, in love and care
of children; so let true men and noble
women live and work together."
George Harvey, in The North Ameri
can Review for May.
HIGHEST CRIMINAL RECORD.
According to the recent report of J.
de V. Roos, secretary of the law de
partment and director of prisons, the
Rand contains more criminals to the
thousand inhabitants than any other
place in the civilized world, the Lon
don correspondent of the Philadelphia
The population is about 1,500,000.
In 11(09 one out of every 245 was con
victed. These convictions have risen
from 33,255 in 11104 to 80,005 in 1009.
There were also last year 5,585 unde
tected crimes, including 27 murders,
21 cases of arson, 12 forgeries and 131
robberies. Arrests for 1009 included
4,335 male whites and 834 women,
91,003 colored males and 3,493 col
The most serious part of the report
is that dealing with the marked in
crease in native crime. Native pris
oners sentenced by the courts as first
offenders are constantly being recog
nized as old offenders, nor will this
defect disappear until the finger-print
record as to natives arc made univer
sal. Nominally 92.42 per cent of all
criminals of all races are given as
first offenders for the year under re-
Ever Know This.
Southern remittances to the North
began to grow unsatisfactory some
time before the election of 1860, and
after that grew still more uncertain,
stopping entirely the next year.
When the war began there was due
from the South to the merchants of the
North $300,000,000, all of which was
practically a total loss, its payment
being made a criminal offense. New
York city firms lost $160,000,000 in
Taft Takes Notice.
The Kansas State Federation of
Women's Clubs, meeting in Abilene,
adopted stirring resolutions yesterday.
"The cow, horse, hen, even the
guinea pig are protected with vast ex
penditures," say the resolutions, "and
why not the woman and child. Why
not a new department in the Presi
dent's Cabinet devoted to women and
After a resounding vote, the women
settled back in their seats and listened
to an Abilene girl play "The Storm"
on the piano, with both hands crossed.
Then there was a violin duet, and an
other piano solo, and then the women
who had been visiting in Abilene three
days went home to find out what had
happened in their absence to the Man
The World's Loss.
Ruth Bryan Leavitt, having learned
what a waste of time the men are, was
in Brussels engaged in voice culture.
She intended to become a great singer
aud be known all over the world.
One day she met a man named Regin
ald Althau Owen, ami he made love to
her, aud she couldn't resist that front
"But my talent?" she pleaded. "I
can't give up my Career. Think
what it means to me. Think, oh think
Reginald dearest, what it Means to the
But Reginald, being an English
man, didn't care a rap for the world,
and with his strong manly arms around
her shrinking form (we claim that's
good; he made her name the day.
The situation is one that could be
handled more effectively by the Irres
istible L. H. J. It is beyond us.
As a great commoner, and a friend
of the plain people, it must pain the
peerless loser of Lincoln, Neb., to note
how persistently his family breaks
into the aristocracy. Son-in-law Leav
itt wasn't exactly a plute, to be sure,
but he had the artistic temperament
and other handicaps and earmarks
which removed him far from the com
mon people, being worse. The Bryan
boy married an heiress, which sounds
aristocratic, but the heaviest cross
comes in Ruth's second choice, an
officer of the Royal Engineers. Now
all British army officers are not
"flanneled fools," as Kipling's verse
aud General De Wet's early victories
in the Boer war might have led you
to believe. But their interest in the
common people lies chiefly in the fact
that they pay taxes and furnish
recruits and servants, in return for
which they are willing to look pleas
ant, and fight and die if the occasion
offers. They are the real aristocracy,
including many of the nobility. The
Bryans sure seem to be drifting away
from the proletariat
were born on the fans, it was discov
ered early in their career, that they
were unfit, and sent to town.
An old fashioned woman recently
attended a wedding, and the procession
with its maidens in trains, and its flow
er girls impressed her, but when they
brought out the bride's cake she gave
such a sniff of disdain that it blew it
out the window. "In my day,'' she
explained to a man without legs who
sat near her, and who couldn't run
with the rest to pick up the cake from
the ground outside, "we hadn't any
such parades but we had a cake that
was a cake. No plain slab like that
in those days! My wedding cake had
seventeen layers, and on the top there
was a two story house of white sugar,
with a man and woman standing in
side, and a wedding bell on top, and
all around the cake there were white
sugar roses, and silver leaves. There
wasn't a cake at the wedding that was
n't trimmed with something, candy
heart, or cinnamon drops, and one had
the date and 'I Love You' done in red
and blue sugar on top of the frosting.
Theregwasn't acake as plain as that
slab," and here she sniffedTin disdain
so violently again that the'eake in the
hands of the rescuing party just com
ing through the door, was blown to the
The Worst Luck.
General E. P. Alexander died the
other day, and his death marked the
end of a singular and interesting car
eer. Alexander was a federal army
officer at the time the war broke out,
but, being a Southerner, he resigned
like Lee, to go with his state, rather
than from any great confidence in the
Confederacy. It was General Alex
ander who started the artillery duel on
the third day at Gettysburg, and gave
Pickett the command to charge.
Three years ago Alexander published
his memoirs. This book is counted
one of the best dealing with the great
struggle. He was a Confederate, and
a good one, yet in that book he says
that the worst thing which could have
happened to the Confederacy would
have been success. Most people will
admit that now. That was a great
war; a giant issue was at stake, which
set brother against brother, lather
against sons, so seriously was it taken.
Yet one of the great losers admits that
success would have been the worst
luck. It is well to remember that the
same may be true today of some of the
impossible things the people are
screaming for. Success might damage
industry, throw men out of employ
ment, provoke a panic: it might easily
be the worst luck.
A Terrific Arraignment.
Memphis News-Scimitar: Someone
who gives his name as Prof. Spillman
and he is not a member of the fac
ulty of Rockefellers stormcenter of
crankism in Chicago has receutly in
dulged iu a terrific arraignment of the
farm. Aftet figuring it out, he has
anuouueed that the farm has furnished.
92 per cent of our presidents, 91 per
cent of our governors, 83 per cent of
our cabinet officers, 70 per cent of our
senators, 64 per cent of our congress
men, and 55 per cent of our railroad
This is a fearful indictment to be
found against the farm, which we have
been led to believe was the home and
abiding place of all the virtues.
Investigation should be made, and a
plea of not guilty entered without
delay- If investigation proves that
Prof.Spillmen is right, the farm should
plead guilty, and throw itself on the
mercy of the court, urging in exten-
The Jury Human.
Judge Hough, of the federal court
in New York, doesn't pose as a re
former, but he is a real one, probably
because his legal knowledge is supple
mented by commou sense. His latest
achievement, and one which might
well be considered by Judge Latshaw,
of Kansas City, and a good many
other more or less eminent jurists, is
to treat a jury as human beings. It
may lie recalled that counsel for
Charles W. Morse was greatly shocked
because the judge allowed the jurors
to read the newspapers, and drink
whisky. There was even talk of a
new trial on this ground. And now
the same privileges and others, are to
be extended to the jury in the trial of
F. Augustus Heinze. "In the matter
of eating and drinking," announced
Judge Hough, "they arc to be permit
ted to lead their usual lives, as if they
were attending to their own affairs,
instead of engaged in the public
It is only reasonable to assume that
such liberties promote unprejudiced
judgment, for the man sorely bar
raised can hardly maiutaiu a perfect
equilibrium. Yet how unusual it is
for a juror to be allowed to lead any
part of his usual life. It is so unusual
that the common sense of Judge Hough
attracts a lot of attention, and so con
trary to the usual way, that his exam
ple may not have a large following on
A Swift Bunch.
There is a secret order in Kansas
City known as "The Chosen Sons of
Uncle Sam," and the members are
rather a swift bunch. Recently a
member died, and, as the member was
very popular, a Chicago orator was
sent for to speak touchingly at the
funeral, all the principal talkers in
Kansas City being engaged in the
Hyde trial. The Chicago spellbinder
reached the hall a few minutes before
the funeral services were to begin, and
stopped a moment to talk with a mem
ber of the lodge. Before stopping to
talk, the Chicago orator looked at his
watch, to see that he had time to pala
ver a few minutes. Then, after a
short talk, he went up on the stage to
get ready for his address, and noticed
that his watch was gone. He called
another Chosen Son of Uncle Sam,
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into the hall?" the Chosen Son of Un
cle Sam asked. "O, yes; I looked at
it only a moment ago." "Have you
talked to anyone since coming into the
hall?" the Chosen Son of Uncle Sam
asked again. "Yes; to that man down
there," the Chicago orator replied,
pointing out a member of the order.
"Well, you pay no further attention to
the matter," the Kansas City man said;
"I will attend to it." In a few min
utes, the Kansas City man came back
with the watch. "What did he say?"
the Chicago orator asked. "O," re
plied the Chosen Sou of Uncle Sam,
"he doesn't know I have it."
They Ar Trained For Their Duties In
a Regular Police School.
Iu Paris aspirants for pwitions ic
the detective foroo are taught iu a reg
ular school, wherv day aftrr day thej
are put through various exercises uiiti
they become proticieut ami receive ai
ItniiitmeutH or show that they have nol
the detective instinct in them.
The students first are trained iu flu
use of their eyes and their hands. On
of the lessons consists in placing the
pupil in a brilliantly lighted room fill'
of furniture and ornaments. Then h
is taken to another room aud required
to make a sketch of the room he just
has left, indicating the position of all
the objects iu it. He Is allowed to look
at a face for a minute aud then re
quired to describe the color of the hair
the eyes, the general form, etc. lie
afterward is required to pick out a
photograph of the face from among
seven I hundred others.
In educating the hand the student is
placed in a dark room iu which are
many curious and unusual objects.
These lie feels over and then writes a
description of them. He must reiuein
lK?r even the slightest details. One test
Is to let him handle gems In the dark
and then tell what they ate, whether
diamonds, rnbles or what not. This is,
of course, an exercise for the more ad
A Little Awkward.
"Nearsightedness must be very em
barrassiug at times." remarked a
Brooklyu resident to an acquaintance
thus afflicted. "The other morning;
for example, a uiau addressed me on
a crowded bridge trolley, aud Iu the
course of conversation be roundly
ibused a chap whose political aud
business methods be disliked equally.
In fact, he became acutely personal
In his denunciation.
"Before he left the car he was in
formed by a friend near him that I
was the man he had been abusing. It
didn't worry me at all. but it must
unve been a bit disconcerting for him,
Jon't you thinky New York Globe.
At a London board ttcbool the teach
er bad explained to the children the
ineauiug of the word "ability." "Now.
children." she went on. "what word
would express the opposite to ability ':"
A sharp faced little boy at the end
of the end form bobbed up his bead
and exclaimed. "Please, teacher, nobility!"-Work
Not Guilty. A
"Doctor, why don't you sometimes
denounce wickedness in high places:"
"Bless your soul. Brother Uardesty.
I do! Have you forgotten that in uty
sermon two Sundays ago I spoke
sharply against the practice of flirting
In the elevated railway trams?" Chi
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The Compositors Are Staid and Digni
fTed and Never Rush.
A font of type iu the Chinese lan
guage requires 11,000 spaces, and in
the large and spacious rack each word.
Instead of each letter, as in Euglish,
has a place by itself. There Is also a
peculiar grouping or classification of
symbols into groups to further facili
tate the mental labors of the typeset
ters. Thus iu the immediate vicinity
of the symbol for fish would be found
the symbols of scales, net, fins, tail,
gills. This simplifies the labor, which
in any event must 1hj so strenuous that
it is evident that the compositor.? end
of the Chinese newspaper should, If
perfect Justice ruled, be the highest
The compositor is a staid and digni
fied individual, and as be slowly walks
from symbol to symbol, picking up
those which he requires with provok
ing calmness, the American compositor
might well wonder when the work
would be completed, and to set up the
type required for a small four page
daily paper the constant labors of
eight or nine skilled Chinamen are re
quired for twelve or thirteen hours, the
entire work in every department being
the antipodes of the rush and whirl
and marvelous celerity of the modern
A BROAD CHOICE
OF VACATION TOURS
TO THE PACIFIC COAST: From June 1st only $60.00 round
trip, direct route, and, on special dates in May, June and
July, only $50.00; $15.00 additional via Shasta Route.
TO THE EAST: Ask nearest agent about the various special
rates to be in effect, commencing May, to principal
YELLOWSTONE PARK: All kinds of tourist rates to this
wonderland, including diverse tours through scenic Colo
rado, Yellowstone and Gardiner entrances; also to Cody
(eastern entrance), in connection with Holm's personally
conducted camping tours through the Park, July 29, Aug
ust 10 and September 9. Apply early.
MOUNTAIN TOURS: To Denver, Estes Park, Salt Lake, Hot
Springs, S. D., Sheridan and Ranchester, Wyo., (for the Big
Horn region), and Thermopolis, Wyo., the coming wonder
ful sanitarium eighteen million gallons of hot water
daily at 130 degrees.
CALL OR WRITE describing yonr proposed trip an J let us advise you fully.
F. RE6T0R. TICkfJt flffjlit
L. MT. WAKfcLftY. Cmi'I. PiiiMiir flewm. Omaha. Ner.
Sirs. Xewed How does the break
fast suit you. darling? Newed It's
just right, sweetheart. It may be
rather plebeian, but just the same I'm
awfully fond of calf's liver. Mrs.
Newed So am I. dearest Don't you
think it would pay us to keep a calf?
Then wc could have calf's liver every
morning for breakfast. Chicago News.
Nat That Kind.
Charlie came to the doctor's office In
a state of great excitement and said:
"Please, doctor, come right straight
down to see Freddy. Mother says
he's wreathed in agony." Delineator.
The Responsible Party.
Visiting Relative How aristocratic
and reported the loss. "Are you sure " 'ETVm v Ina
. , , , J I hair! The Naughty Son Yes, and he's
uation that while these unworthies you had your watch when you came I got me to thank for It too.-Puck.
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