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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 26, 1910)
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dally, the greatest private telephone ex
changes. In the world are those at the
United States capltol, and In the most
extensive government departments at
Washington, as, for Instance, the war
and navy departments, and the depart
ment of agriculture. Such an exchange
covers hundreds of 'phones, and there
is a "night service" which enables com
munication, with all the more impor
tant officials at their homes. The
equipment of the more notable of these
governmental exchanges Is perfection
itself. The switchboards, for Instance,
are of the illuminated type. That is,
instead of the receipt of each call being
marked by the fall of. a small metal tab
something that may easily be over
looked by a "hello girl" the summons
for "central" to make a connection. Is
given by the illumination of a small
electric lamp something that 'cannot
readily escape notice. The switchboard
" of this type provides, of course, one
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S THE rivers farthest flowlnc.
In the highest hills have
As tt:o banyan, broadest growing.
Oftencst bows Its head. to. earth:
As the noblest minds press onwardi
Channels far of. Rood to trace:
So 'the largest hearts bend, downward.
Circling all the human race.
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NCLE SAM lias been quick to
adapt to his own uses all the
notable inventions ami innova
tions or the age. The tele
phone, wireless telegraphy, the
automobile, thu Hying machine
and all the other notable scien
tific and mechanical advances
of the generation have been
pressed "into service by the fed
eral government as quickly or
almost as quickly as spheres of
usefulness have been opened to
them in the commercial field.
Of Till the'nineteenth and twen
tieth century revolutionary cre
ations, however, no one has come to have such
dependency placed upon it by the national gov
ernment as has the telephone. Certain it is
Chat there would be occasion for universal sur
prise were it possible to compile statistics that
would show what proportion of the government
Lu?inci:s is now transacted by telephone.
.Every federal official, from the president to
the most subordinate of. the nation's public
servant?, has a telephone bu his desk, and con
siderations ol time saving t:nd monetary econ
omy, to say nothing of the conveniences, impel
the almost universal employment of the "in
stantanoo'is communicative system. It has,
to n great extent, displaced the mails and tele
graph Washington, our national capital, is
famous as tht "best telephoned city in the
world," ami it is likewise known far and wide
lis the "City of Magnificent Distances" two
circumstances which combine to influence
heavy dependency upon the telephone by the
30,000 federal employes at Vncle Sam's head
quarters. More than this, however, the execu
tive brancji of the government is coming to
rely more and more upon the telephone for the
transaction of official business between the
seat of government and federal offices in oth
er cities. Aside from this extension of long
distance, telephone operations. Uncle Sam.
TflCrbughly abreast the times, is now conduct
ing practical experiments with wireless tele
phony. Perhaps the most convincing evidence that
could be offered of the degree of dependency
which Uncle Sam now places on the telephone
Is to be founa In the attention paid to the in
gtallatioa ol telephone facilities in the new
$50,000 olTce building recently completed for
the use of President Taft and his business
staff. Ever since the Spanish-American war
the telephoae room at the executive offices has
been considered one of the most important
features of this model business establishment,
but the equipment of the reconstructed White
House annex is infinitely superior to the tele
phone facilities in the old structure, and is. in
deed, probably the finest and most complete to
be found in America that, is the most notable
that has been provided in any private resi
dence or corporate business office, or else
where than in the up-to-date telephone ex
changes in our largest cities.
The new telephone room at the White House
adjoins, on one hand, the general staff room
the working quarters of the president's clerks
and stenographers and, en the other hand, the
office of the secretary to the president. Just
beyond this is the presi
dent's private office, so
that the chief executive of
his "tight-hand man" can
reach the telephonic
nerve center with very lit
tle trouble. The private
branch exchange in the
matter of switchboard and
all the details of equip
m e n t, represents the
latest approved practice
and the wiring of the of
fice is thoroughly up-to-date.
Hy no means the
least important feature of
the telephone room is a
specially designed tele
phone booth, claimed to
be the finest booth and
the only one of its kind in
the world. This is for tho
use of the president, when
using the long distance telephone, and tho
structure is sound proof in the highest degree.
In general appearance the president's new
telephone booth conforms very closely to the
usunl type of booth found in hotels, railroad
stations and business houses all over the coun
try To be sure, the oak wood of which it is
constructed has been specially selected for its
beautiful grain and the plate glass in the door
and windows is unusually heavy, but in gen
eral appearance the booth conforms closely to
prevailing standards. The distinctive charac
teristics is the roominess of the Interior. Not
only will the booth accommodate satisfactor
ily so big a man as President Taft, but there is
ample space for a stenographer to sand beside
the president's chair inside the booth In case
the executive should desire to have a memo
randa taken down In shorthand as he received
it over the telephone. There are also facilities
whereby If desired, this booth can in warm
weather, be connected with the novel air cool
ing system which has been installed in the
new White House offices for the purpose of
making them habitable to a weighty president
during the dog days.
Through the medium of this t6lephone clear
ing house with an operator on duty night
and day the president has the entire official
world at his ear. First of all. it serves as the
"central" of the White House private telephone
system. This system has 18 "inside stations"
as they are known in technical jargon that Is.
it controls a dozen and a half different tele
phones distributed about the presidential man
sion, the White House offices and the grounds,
and thereby linking the business offices, the
living quarters, the kitchens, laundry, stable
and garage, etc., etc., not forgetting the head
quarters of the police froce of 32 men that
guard the White House, and the members of
which may be needed at some point quickly, to
control a crowd or remove a crank. Via the
president's private exchange his 'phone or any
of the other IS may be quickly connected to
any of the thousands of 'phones official and
non-official embraced in the public telephone
system of the city of Washington. ;
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However, the higher circles of officialdom
are by no means dependent upon the public
service for their telephone facilities. They
have a very ingenious system of their own. It
is a secret network of wires, and, very natural
ly, it is centered in the White House. Pri
marily, this confidential telephone web consists
of a special private telephone wire leading
from the White House to each of the nine de
partments of the government. The main pur
pose of this is to enable the chief magistrate
to at any moment consult with any of his nine
cabinet officers without any danger of eaves
dropping, but of course, should the president
desire to communicate confidentially by 'phone
with any subordinate in any of the depart
ments, it Is a simple matter to summon such
Individual to the secret 'phone, rather than to
have him communicate with the White House
via the regular telephonic channels.
Equally important as arteries of quick com
munication, are the two special telephone
wires leading from the White House to the
United States capltol. One of these lines leads
Into the great exchange at the big white-domed
building, and through this "central" the presi
dent can get connection with the private office
of any senator or representative, or with the
cloak rooms or other rendezvous of the law
makers. The other line from the White House
to the capltol Is a strictly secret line. Not
only does it not lead into the exchange at the
capltol, but the terminal Is not accessible to
any person save with the president's sanction.
It Is safe to say that there are men who have
been in congress for years, who do not know
of the existence of this secret line to he
White House, much less know the location of
its terminal. However, the line serves a most
Important purpose, for It enables the president
to at any time, confer with the vice-president
or with any senator or representative for in
stance, the administration spokesman or floor
leader In absolute security as to the confiden
tial character of the verbal exchanges. Not
even a "hello girl" can overhear what is said.
In number of connected telephones, and in
point of the average number of calls handled
little Incandescent light for each subscriber In the sys
tem. The expense of such Installation may be surmised
however, from the fact that the switchboard of this pat
tern recently placed In one of the governmental ex
changes cost $5,000.
Some few public men In Washington who do not wish
to be bothered with business after office hours, have
adopted the expedient of having secret or unlisted tele
phones at their residences. Under this scheme the public
man confides the number of his confidential 'phone to
intimates or others whom he Is willing to have call him
up, but so far as the telephone directories s'iow, he has
no 'phone at his residence, and "central" Is forbidden to
connect persons who cannot give the confidential number
that acts as a password. A possible disadvantage of this
system was Illustrated In the recent predicament of
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts, who. In en
deavoring to call his own residence by 'phone, discovered
that he had forgotten the number. After several unsuc
cessful attempts at a solution of the difficulty, he was
finally obliged to call up the White House and obtain, his
number from the operator In charge there, who, fortu
nately, recognized the senator's voice.
The United States amy and navy have for some time
past placed great dependence upon the telephone. Aside
from the extensive use of the invention at navy yards,
the telephone has been employed universally for Interior
communication aboard our battleships, and the keynote
of the new fire control system on the reconstructed
battleships is found in the telephone installation which
permits quick communication between the officers at the
top of the new fire control towers and the officers who
are directing gunnery operations from protected stations
In the heart of the ship.
The army similarly, has utilized the telephone for all
sorts of communicative purposes at forts and military
posts, probably the most important being its employment
for communicating determinations of range from the fire
control and batttle direction stations to the various bat
teries. The army has also employed the telephone for a
variety of field operations, including experiments with
the motor telephone and telegraph car of the United
States Signal corps, and a particularly mobile system
which has enabled the laying of telephone wires and com
munication by telephone between horsemen
riding at a gallop In opposite directions.
Latterly both the army and the navy have
taken up the .wireless tolephone. It may be re
membered that during the round the world
cruise of the battleship fleet, the wireless tele
phone was employed extensively for communi
cation between the various ships. Now the
United States Army Signal corp3 is taking up
wireless telephony with long distance installa
tions, with a view to determining tho utility
of the system for field service. With the In
struments in use it is possible to communicate
In an ordinary conversational tone for a dis
tance of 13 to 20 miles. The array experi
ments are designed especially to develop ap
paratus that will combine compactness and
Fish as. Food.
Fish In one form or another Is al
most universally recognized as one
of the important food materials that:
enters Into the diet of most Ameri
The mode of capture affects the
market value. Fish caught by the
gills and allowed to die in .the water
by slow degrees.-as Is the case where
gill nets are used, undergo decomposi
tion very readily, and are Inferior as
Fish are often landed alive and' al
lowed to die slowly. This custom Is
not only inhuman, hut lessens the val
ue of the fish. It has been found that
fish that are killed Immediately after
catching, remain firm and bear ship
ment better than those allowed to dia
Fish, because of their abundance,
cheapness and wholesomeness are In
valuable as an article of food. It Is
less nutritious and less stimulating
than meat, as It contains less solids
and more water.
The Idea that fish Is a brain food
has been greatly exaggerated, because
it Is rich In phosphorus and the brain
having that chemical in Its composi
tion which the fish Is supposed to sup
ply. The fact Is that many meats
have as large a proportion of phos
phorus as fish. Being easily digested
and therefore a good food for brain
workers, may be one reason why ths
Why docs Qrtat Britain buy Its
oatmeal f us?
Certainly it seems like carrying
coals to Newcastle to speak of export
ing oatmeal to Scotland and yet. every
year the Quaker Oats Company sends,
hundreds of thousands of cases of
Quaker Oats .to Great Britain and
The reason Is simple; while the
English and Scotch have for centuries
eaten oatmeal in quantities and with a
regularity that has made-them the
most rugged physically, and active
mentally of all people, the American
has been eating oatmeal and trying all
the time to improve the methods of
manufacture so that he might get that
desirable foreign trade.
How well he has succeeded, would '
be seen at a glance at the' export re-
I yviia i. yuaui veils. u u.wuw --
recognized as without a rival in clean-,
liness and delicious. flavor. 51 "
HYMN WAS NOT A HOODOO
Chop fine the remnants of cooked
beef; moisten with the liquor in which
it was cooked, season with salt, pep
per and butter if needed. Place in a
deep dish and cover with seasoned
mashed potatoes mixed with beaten
egg. Bake a light brown and serve.
Didn't Seem Particularly Appropriate, '
But Later Events Justified '
The story of the minister who held
a religious meeting -in a penitentiary
and aroused the ire of -.the inmates
by announcing as a hymn -that one
beginning "The dying thief rejoiced
to see.". is equaled by the' tale of a
local preacher whose., church got in
debt not long ago. A congregational
meeting was held for the purpose 61
extricating it. and the chairman of
the board of deacons, or whatever the
financial body was, got up and stated,
the situation, and ended by calling
for a special collection to make up
"I suggest that we sing a hymn;!
one of the members of the church"
This idea was carried out and the
number of the song was announced.
A smile overspread many faces, how
ever, when they reached the line:
"When we asunder part it gives us
Nevertheless, the "sundering," pro
cess was most successful and wasn't -particularly
painful, either. Louiaf--ville
Take one quart of molasses, two
cupfuls of sugar, one teaspoonful of
vinegar, butter the size of an egg.
Boil until it hardens In water. Just
before removing it add a teaspoonful
of soda. Pull when cooL
Put one dozen very thin slices of
lean bacon into a hot frying pan; cook
for one minute, then add six slices of
tomatoes, or the canned may be used
with tho liquor reserved for soup or
SUFFER not through any
miraculous Interposition of
tin nvcnslnff God, but In
consequence of violated law. and the laws
of nature make uo distinction of persons:
but so interwoven Is human society, that
the penalty Is. rarely confined, to the
VIEW OF SELF-SACRIFICE
A question which frequently arises In so
cial relations is to what extent should one sac
rifice one's self to oblige one's friends. More
than half the social pleasures entail a sacri
fice on somebody's part. Money has to be
spared that can ill be afforded, people whom
o'ne doesn't like have to be met and health
has to be disregarded in order to keep an en
gagement. The life of the average woman seems to de
mand of each successive day just a little more
of her time and consequently of his vitality,
and when she adds to her own burdens those
of other people, by filling in a place at the
last moment, or by doing any one of the mul
titudinous other little things that oblige so
cially, she is on the road to destruction and
had better learn to say "No" before she has
to go to a sanatorium. Every social leader
has on her list some of these tried and true
mortals whom she can coax into working over
time. For this reason her dinners are never
clouded by a vacant place; her entertainments
are always a success. But the woman upon
whom she leans pays for it all, even though
she has her good time.
For a small child, little cakes dec
orated with frosting and red candles
are always appreciated. There are so
many inexpensive and pretty things to
be bought now that one's ingenuity
need not be taxed to make something
pleasing. A cake baked In a small
round loaf, frosted in white and tho
name written in chocolate with the
date, or It may be done with colored
Get a candy pail covr. sandpaper
and stain it. then tore the holes part
way through, making the hole to
stand the candle In. This candle
board may be used by every member
of the family, being brought In in
state with the cake in the center, and
the lighted candles around IL More
holes may be bored each year or they
may all be arranged when the board
is made to make the staining all look
For a very young child the tiny
cake might be surrounded by the lit
tle candies the size of a match, that
are so popular with the little people.
When there is a small party, or if one
wishes to make a surprise cake, put
little gifts that will not be hurt, by
beating Into the cake before baking.
Even older children are. made happy
by such a cake.
EPIDEMIC OF ITCH IN WELSH
"In Dowlais, South Wales, about fif
teen years ago, families were strick
en wholesale by a disease known as'
the itch. Believe me, it Is the most .
terrible disease of its kind that I;
know of, as It Itches, all through your :
body and makes your life an inferno.
Sleep is put of the question and you.
feel as If a million mosquitoes were .
attacking you at the same time; I .
knew a dozen families that were sc
"The doctors did their best, but
their remedies were of no avail what
ever. Then the families tried a drug--,
gist who was noted fsr and wide for.
his remarkable cures. People came
to him from all parts of the country -for
treatment, but his medicine madf
matters still worse, as a last resort -they
were advised by a friend to use.;.,
the Cuticura Remedies. I am glad -to.
tell you that after a few days' .treat-.,
ment with Cuticura Soap, Oin'tmenf
and Resolvent, the effect was wonder-
ful and tho result was a perfect, cure',
in all cases. ; ""
"I may add that my three, brothers. ?
three sisters, myself and all our-fam--Hies
have been users of the Cuticura -.
Remedies for fifteen, years. Thomas
Hugh. 1G50 West Huron St, Chicago; ,
IIL, June 29, 1909."
He Asked Too Much. . V.
They had been engaged for -exactly." '
47 seconds by the cuckoo clock...
"Clara, dear." queried the happy.
youth, who had a streak of romance
running up and down his person, "wjll '
you promise to love me forever?'-
"I'd like to, George;" replied the - ,
practical maid, "but I really don't ex-.
pect to live so long."
ALL SUNSETS ARE NOT ALIKE
Domestic Happening Helped Mrs. Pe
te rby to See the Beauty of This
Mr. and Mrs. Peterby were sitting
on their piazza,- It was late after
noon and the sun ?as making his final
preparations to gild the western heav
ens. Peterby sat in mute admiration.
"bid you ever see such a superb
sunset?" he exclaimed, rapturously.
"It is simply wonderful! Amazing!"
Mrs. Peterby did not Join in his
enthusiasm. She shifted uneasily in
"You would think anything was
good," she replied. "You've just had
a gooe dinner. But it's just an ordi
nary sunset, nothing more."
"Where are you going?" asked Pe
terby. "Why east you alt still? Jmst
No artistic apprecia
like a woman,
"I'll be back
Four or five minutes passed. She
came back and sat down. There was
"It Is beautiful," whispered Mrs. Pe
terby. "Don't think I ever saw a finer
sunset See that exquisite coloring
off there and those feather effects.
Peterby turned his face slowly and
gased at her.
"What did you do in the house just
now?" he asked.
Mrs. Peterbys face beamed.
"WTiy," she replied, "the cook was
going to leave, but she told me she
would stay another month." Success
A Modem Woman.
A Massachusetts woman can talk 51
languages. And it was a Puritan poet
who decided that one tongue was
enough for a woman. Cleveland
Church Bell Kills Sexton.
M. Dumet, sexton of the church at
Bayet. was killed by the bell falling
from the tower. He hr.d gone to ring
it to announce religious service, when
it snapped off and dropped, killing
him on the spot
Making a Life.
Many a man ha3 made a good liv
in who has made a poor life. Some
no have made splendid lives who
have made very moderate and even
scanty livings. Success -Magazine.
Mix and sift together two and three
fourths cups of flour, one teaspoonful
of soda, one and one-half teaspoonfuls
of salt, one teaspoonful of cinnamon,
and half a teaspoonful each of ginger
cloves and nutmeg. One cup each of
milk, molasses and suet Combine mix
tures. Three-fourths of a cup of cur
rants, one and one-fourth cups
of raisins, one-half cup of finely
sliced citron added at the last Steam
three hours and serve with an egg
sauce, made as follows: Two eggs,
well beaten, one cup of sugar, one
fourth of a cup of hot milk, and one
teaspoonful of vanilla. A yellow sauce
may be made by using the yolks of
the eggs. Flavor with orange rind
Commercial Value of Rat Skins.
The use of rat skins in the manu
facture of fancy articles. is increasing.
Last year the trade In Great Britain
alone amounted to $250,000. and sup
plies of brown rat skins are being
sought in lots of from 100 to 10.000.
It is proposed to start a business .in
Calcutta for securing and preparing
the skins of the brown rat, to be used,
nraong a variety of purposes. In the
binding of books and the making of
purses, gloves and various articles for
women's use and wear.
$100 Reward, $100.
The rrsAm of this psper win be pleased to lean '.
that there I at least one Urcai.ctl tllscsse that-'neienco. "
has boen abio to cure In all its stagrs. anil that Is -.-Catarrh.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is the only- positlvs.
cure uovr known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
boins a constitutional illsca.se. requires a vonstitu- "
tlonal treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken In-I
ternally actlnz directly upon thtf blorxl and mucous,
surfaces of the system, thereby ilestroylns tb "
foundation of the Ubaise. and itlvlni: the patient
strength hy bulMlnir, up the constitution and atclat-..
Ins nature In doing Its worfe. The proprietors have"
so much faith In Its curative powers that they offer "
One Hundred lHIlars for any .caso that. 'It " to "
cure, bend for list of testimonials "
Address K. J. CIIEXKY A CO- Toledo. OL
Fold bv nil Iirurcists. 75c.
Take Hairs family PUU toe constipation.
"Do you believe in a future pun
ishment of everlasting fire and hrlm-"
stone?" asked the man with the ques-'
tion habit. . .'
"Only for my neighbors." replied "the
party of the egotistical part
Important to Mothers.
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTOR! A. a safe and sure remedy for
Infants and children, and see that it
"i sW as 'WV5aMHWHSk
Signature of (
In Use For Over 30 Years.
The Kind You Have Always Bought .
Uses of Oddity.'
"Isn't your hat rather curious in-""-;
shape?" asked the' uninformed man.
"Certainly," answered his.wife "it "
has to be. Any hat that wasn't curious-'
in shape would look queer."-
Free to Our Readers.
Write Murine Eye Remedy Co.. Chica
go, for 48-pase Illustrated Eye Book Free '
Write all about Your Kye Trouble "and. '
they will advise as to the Proper ApoU-V '
cation of the Murine Eyo Remedies In" :'
Your Special Case. Your Druggist wiU' !.
tell you that Murine Relieves Sore .Eyes'.
Strengthens Weak Eyes. Doesn't Smart.
Soothes Eye Pain, and sells for 50c Try"--It
In Your Eyes and In Baby's Eyes' .for
Scaly Eyelids and Granulation.
The world delights in sunny people-.
The old are hungering for love mora '
than .'tor bread. DrummoUd. ' ''.';,' f
fJ!Si?? If"""? wilnt delay when sora-ebett a,
ticklica : throat win yoa that an annoT$n?eoi"i
!.... .11 j '.r.T,-- """
One fisherman ought to believe tne
stories of another, but he seldom doe&
TO CtTRK A rnin svnw 4.'
t.v. t . .-!.! T...:rcr. --"-'
- .-ulA&ft.b DHiy 1 tliiln n
Uruifjriusrelund money ir I
liUuVK'S usuaturo lion eac
u . Quinine TahJet.
t fails to cure. . kr or
each box. 15e.
Occasionally the humau race is-run
over the course of true love. "
Leww Single Binder made of extra qua!. "
ity tobacco, -costs more than other 5c ''
cigars. Tell the dealer you, want them.
Cheap notoriety olten turns-out tQ
be an expensive luxury.
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