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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1910)
""" ttGHI OF THE ROD. "
Ueed In OrtangOfcenVlt Came Haftdy
In; Mattering Land.
.The origin of the rod, pole or perch
a, lineal and superficial measure has
beea traced to' the 'rod, pole or goad
. used, to urge and direct a team of ozeu
palling & plow. So It came .about it
was nsed as a .convenient and bandy
land measure in feudal times by tha
lard in. allotting plots of land for. ag
ricattaral purposes to the villeins and
One rod wide and forty long bunt up
a euarter of an acre. The furious, or
fear poles wide and Mime depth L c
forty poles, one acre-was a convenient
length .for a furrow before turning the
plow, lot couwe these lengths some
what varied in different parts of the
ceutry where soils and agriculture
Tailed,' but gradually the slight varia
tions grew.letts, and finally the present
accepted statutory acre was -evolved.
Ganter's chain of sixty-six feet (ten
aquar. chains to the acre) was invent
cd by,?the Rev. Edmund Gunter (1581
1G6). Be-was a professor of estrone
y at Gresbam college, London, an
igeniqmsly adapted it to facilitate dec
imal calculations in land measure
meats. The use of the rod in superfl
dal measurements of brick work and
lineally in hedges, ditches and fences
followed as a convenient existing
' measure. Builders' Journal.
A CAUTIOUS SCOT.
The 'Elder's Search For a Strictly Or
Scotch elder who did not believe
that bis own minister held strictly
orthodox views wished to have his
babe baptized, but would not risk its
spiritual welfare by having him per
form" the rite in any heterodox man
ner. $& he walked to another town
only to find the minister he sought was
away fishing. The next one he was
directed to had gone bunting. Filled
with (indignation, he said to his com
panlon: "We'll gang to Maister Erskine.
That godly man will no be fishing oz
So he found the house, but as he ap
proached it be heard the sound of music.--
When the servant lassie opened
the door he remarked to her:
"Ye have company tbe night. I bear
the fiddle going."
"NaV na," she answered, blushing.
"Robin could na play like you, but the
minister aye fiddles a bit afore he goes
The good man went away without
making his errand known. So minis
ter who played the fiddle could baptize
his bairn, so he went back to his own.
who neither fished, hunted nor played
forbidden music, and let him name the
child. London Spectator.
. . Made Certain of It.
through train on the Rock Island
stopped a few moments at the Eugle
wood station one day. A passenger
got off to walk around a little. As the
train began to move again the passen
ger jumped aboard, but just then be
discovered that he. bad but one over
shoe Thinking that be dropped tbe
other somewhere on the platform and
at the train was going too fast for him
to jump off and recover it. he pulled
of? theTemaining shoe and threw It on
the platform, exclaiming. "There that
makes -.a good pair of overshoes for
somebody." Entering the car, he pro
ceeded to bis seat. There, to his great
astonishment, was his overshoe. A
look of intense disgust came upon hie
face, but he did not hesitate. Quickly
picking up tbe lone arctic, he hurried
to tbe platform, threw the shoe as fat
aa be could back toward tbe other one
and shouted, "By jlmlny, there Is a
pair of overshoes for somebody!" Ar
gonaut Sleeping In Church.
-Charles." said old Mrs. Spreckles to
her husband, "I'm so ashamed of the
Way you go to sleep in church Sunday
after Sunday that 1 don't know wbat
to do. I can't hardly hold my head up
aadJopk the people in the face after
tke:Brvices. Ton are such a devout
sMb.ob week days that I don't see why
yon show so much disrespect for sa
cred thlngs.on tbe Sabbath."
There's no disrespect intended," an
swered Mr. Spreckles. "1 am like the
little boy next door. All week he
looks forward eagerly to the Sunday
ant ride his uncle gives him. It is
the crowning event of the week to
him. Yet he goes to sleep invariably
before be has ridden a mile, and he
I't wake up until it is all over.
Willie goes to sleep is no sign
that the ride is not doing him any
good,-is it?" Newark Jiews.
The Judges' Ride.
'Customs change slowly with tbe law
yers, but tbe procession through tbe
streets at tbe reopening of tbe law
courts was not always tbe casual af
fair It now is. Until tbe middle of the
sixteenth century the "judges' ride" to
Westminster hall was quite an impos
ing' spectacle, all tbe legal dignitaries
being mounted on mules, like bishops
and abbots on a pilgrimage. Mules
presently gave place to horses, which
In turn were abandoned for coaches.
Tbe last procession on horseback took
place In tbevtime of Charles 11. and
was then regarded as an Interesting
revival. It was not greatly appreciat
ed, however, by tbe judges themselves.
who found their efforts to remain in
the saddle far from conducive to a
dignified appearance, and before the
Journey's end one of their number.
Lord Twisdon. bad tbe misfortune to
be thrown in the mud. Westminster
Drinking and Smoking In Korea.
The Koreans are Inveterate smokers
green tobacco, wblch they use lu
with tiny bowls and stems two
or three feet long. They stick their
pipes down the back of tbe neckwhen
et Being them.
There is a deal of drinking, too.
though they nave many proverbs
against lt-Heavn and earth are too
assail for a drunBen man." "White
whisky makes a red face." "There hi
m bottom to toe appetite for anna.'
An Example. v
. J wfc? cmlenl smfler
Tear mother wfll .how yon. my
- tune i tell her 1 can't
momrj ste wantnT
A I mmA ml
Alaska on -some" near tomorrow ia
expected by an official of the TJalted
States. geograpnlcal surrey to have a
half million increase in populatlooN
The metal and coal mining inaaetrles
should each, support at least lOfeQOQ,
and if a third of -the laid classed aa
arable is now available forearming it
will furnish 3X000 hotueeteade, 'sup
porting over 1UU0U0. '
The' tourbt who travels to Glacier
Bay. the capital of Juneau, and the
picturesque Sitka must not suppose he
has seen Alaska.
He could skirt another 5,000 miles of
coast line to Cordova, Valdes and
Seward, and then, writes a correspond
ent of the San Francisco Chronicle. if
he would see Alaska his journey Is only
Obr the gold fields of Fairbanks
would be 400 miles to the nortu, ana
those of Nome would be as distant as
New York is from Chicago. "
It would be a still greater distance,
to the seal rookeries of the Pribllof
islands and the great tundras of the
north, with their herds of wild rein
deer and their lonely Eskimo Igloos.
while to reach the westernmost Aleu
tian Island would require a journey
half as long as that from New York
Should tbe tourist retrace his steps
to Skagway, cross the White pass and
follow the mighty Yukon for 2,000
miles to Bering sea his knowledge of
Alaska, while much enlarged, would
still be incomplete.
A DREAM STORY.
The Jeweled Ring a Woman Saw Twice
In Her Sleep.
In November, 1893, I awoke one
morning fully impressed with tbe idea
that I was receiving as a gift an un
usually large gypsy, ring set with a sin
gle sapphire with a brilliant on each
side. Tbe dream was a pleasant one
to the female mind, and I soon fell
asleep again, but only to awake with a
still stronger impression that the jewel
was actually in my hands. So curious
were my sensations that on my maid
entering my room at 8 o'clock 1 told
her of the two dreams, most minutely
describing- tbe ring, and I also asked
my husband to bear witness to the
statement should anything follow to
confirm the dream.
Two hours later the postman arrived.'
and so great were my excitement and
astonishment at seeing a small, neatly
done up packet (evidently a ring case)
that I dared scarcely open it and decid
ed to ask my maid to do so. Before
breaking tbe seal 1 asked her to repeat
the description of tbe ring that I had
previously given her, and then tbe lit
tle packet was opened, and tbe joyful
exclamation followed, "Why. my lady,
here It is!" The ring was sent to me
by a friend in memory of his wife,
who bad died some months before, but
I had absolutely no Idea that I should
be the- recipient of any souvenir of
her, nor did I ever see her wearing the
ring In question. London Spectator.
Needed the Knife.
Speaking of table etiquette. General
E. Burd Grubb told a story about a
man who was justified in eating pie
with a knife. Smith was standing in
a hotel lobby one day, according to
the general, talking to Jones, when the
conversation turned to a dinner that
had beeu given at tbe borne of a mu
tual acquaintance named Brown.
"You should have seen Barton," re
marked Jones, referring to one of the
guests. "1 thought be bad better ta
ble manners. When his pie was served
he actually ate It with his knife."
"I don't blame him for that," was
the startling reply of Smith.
"You don't blame him?' repeated
Jones in amazement
"No." smilingly joined Smith. "I have
eaten pic at Brown's myself, and It is a
wonder to me that Barton didn't take
an ax." Philadelphia Telegraph.
The Woman With the Transfer.
With a transfer ticket punched to
expire at 12 o'clock an elderly woman
got on a car.
"I can't take this, lady," said tbe
conductor. "You see. it's marked for
12. but now it's ten minutes of 2. The
ticket's been dead for nearly two
"Well," was the woman's reply, "I
took tbe first car I could get after
leaving tbe bank. I bad to wait to
have my interest figured up."
"If it took 'em two hours to figure
the interest on my money I wouldn't
argue about a transfer. I'd pay my
fare or ride in an auto." said the con
ductor. The woman made no retort, but
fished a nickel out of her hand bag and
gave it to the conductor. New York
The Thunder Sounding Smoke.
The Victoria falls, the untive name
for which is Mosi-oa-Tounya. or tbe
Thunder Sounding Smoke, have right
ly been called tbe most beautiful gem
in the whole of the earth's scenery. No
pen picture or photograph can give the
faintest idea of the marvelous gran
deur and beauty of tbe scene. The
majesty and mystery of tbe gigantic
gorges, tbe foaming torrents, the won
derful atmospheric effects all come
upon one with a force and power as
though nothing bad ever before been
read or. beard in connection with
them. The falls by moonlight are a
truly fascinating spectacle. The roar
ing clouds of spray, tbe somber rain
forest, tbe stream of tbe Zambezi
shimmering far above tbe trembling
earth, the lunar rainbow, combine to
make an inimitable picture.
Where the Zambezi takes its mighty
plunge of a sheer 400 feet tbe river Is
over a mile wide. or. to be exact. WJ08
feet. Rand Mail.
. Turtles of the Amutn.
The fresh water turtle of tbe Ama
zon grows to a great size, especially on
tbe upper river, where full grown ones
three feet in length, two In width and
weighing 200 pounds are often seen.
Every house has Its little pond or cor
ral to bold a stock' of these "'nmlt
through tbe season of dearth, the wet
months. Those who have Indians hi
their employ send them out for a
month when tbe waters are low to ae
lect a stock; others purchase their eap
.. FILIPINO WOMEN;
rswir wiim pnui sMBTwt mnm
irwifl vltMsNsnflht Wy WmfW f mftflfCa
"Filipino women know bow tfr"w&
sttisbands' says an. American Vojnan
who is living at Manila! - "it is a 'com
mon thing in the Islands to see aglrl,
young and brown and strong, cruavng
xke with a heavy wooden sailletvhlle
around her ait a number Of admiring
wains, looking on; but never dream
ing of offermto Selp,And.the;gIri.
doesn't expect it. She pounds cheerfal
ty,away. and by and by her reward
comes in d husband to work for.
"Life accustoms the Filipino womam
to labor at a very early age. .-As' a
tiny, girl she is rarely seen without an
appendage In" the shape of a -'baby
brother or sister perched on her little.
brown hip. When she grows a" few
inches taller and a few degrees strong
er she is pressed into service asa wa
ter carrier, bearing heavy jars of wa-,
ter poised gracefully on her bead
from the river to her home. Now; too,
she works, in the fields, and a vivid bit
of color she makes in her short kilted,
scarlet skirt When she becomes, a
woman and she is a woman at fifteen
or before-'-sbe-may have a small shop
to tend, and there Is the rice to beat
and much other work to do.
"Marriage brings no vacation.. 'She in.
pretty sure to have many children to
care for. She tends the fieldscooka
and frequently has a' stall in the mar
ket for several hours a day. But-when
the, women are really old then their
rest time comes. They sit quietly by,
looking on as life goes past them, but
taking part no more. In spIteVof tbe
hard labor they have had there Is gen
erally a vesy peaceful look in the
brown, wrinkled faces of these old
women." New York Tribune.
A ROYAL BED.
The Magnificent One That Was- Used
by Queen Elizabeth.
An interesting description of the
magnificence of a bedstead ordered for
Queen Elizabeth's use Is found in a
"wardrobe 'warrant" dated 1581 and
quoted in "Gleanings After Time." It
'was of walnut tree, richly .carved,
painted and gilded. The eelure, tester
and valance were of cloth of silver, fig
ured with velvet, lined with change
able' taffeta and deeply fringed with
Venice gold, silver and silk.
The curtains were of costly tapestry
curiously, and elaborately worked,
every seam and every border laid with
gold and' silver lace, caught up with
long loops and burtons of bullion.
Tbe headpiece was of crimson satin
of Bruges, edged with a passaymayne
of crimson silk and decorated with six
ample plumes containing seven dozen
ostrich feathers of various colors pro
fusely decorated with gold spangles.
The counterpoint was of orange col
ored satin, quilted ' with cutwork of
cloths of gold and silver and of-satins
of every f imaginable tint embroidered
with Venice gold, silver spangles and
beautifully colored silks fringed to cor
respond and lined with orange sarce
net This was a queen's bed, but almost
equally gorgeous ones were common
for several centuries. In the reign of
Queen Anne a bedstead put up as a
prise In a lottery was reported to have
cost over! 3,000. London Family Her
ald. Graft In the Household.
The tipping system has become acute
now that graft is boldly recognized aa
"business." and the world' has no
shame for the majority of workers in
the vineyard. A charming young ma
tron exclaimed the other day that
graft had even invaded her household.
She 'was asked how that were possi
ble and replied, "I have discovered
that my most trusted and faithful maid
has been .approached by some one who
shall be nameless to advisee cook,
who is another treasure, to leave me."
"But she did not?' "Yes. .she did,"
said the' young matron, laughing.
"Yes, she did, and I don't blame her
for the price. My nice Juliawas paid
$20 to sell me out, and-the cook's
wages are about double what I can
pay." "A case of bribery." "Not at
all plain, unvarnished graft" was the
philosophic response. Boston Herald.
One of Field's Jokes.
Edward Everett Hale greatly enjoy
ed a joke which was perpetrated on
him by Eugene Field. Field celebrat
ed one of Dr. Hale's visits to Chicago
by giving a luncheon In his honor and
inviting a number of prominent per
sons to meet bim. "Field was aware,"
said Dr. Hale, "that 1 was a temper
ance man. and therefore I was some
what surprised to see that tbe table
on which tbe luncheon was served was
very abundantly supplied with bottles
labeled 'Whisky,' 'Brandy' and 'Cham
pagne.' But when these bottles came
to be uncorked they were all found
to contain nothing but water!"
' It Was MistakeK Charity.
The athletic girl bad been out in tbe
woods taking pictures, and at evening
she started for tbe car. wearily lug
ging the camera and tripod. The curs
were thronged with workmen return
ing to their homes, and she irid to
wait some time before there caute one
with even standing room inside. She
pushed her way across tbe platform
and just inside the doorway. The legs
of the tripod rested on tbe floor at her
side, and she was trying to brace her
self against the door when a woman
who had been sitting in the corner
suddenly rose from ber seat and gen
tly but firmly pushed the young wo
man into it with the remark. "Now
yon sit right there, you poor thing!"
The girl remained seated passively
and looked puzzled for a 'moment
Then a dull flush covered -:ber face.
"How awful!" she thought "That wo
man saw the tripod legs and thought
they were crutches. She thinks 4'm
lame." Then she shrank back in the
seat and tried not to show her face.
When a butcher .answered tbe ball
off his telephone instrument one day
tbe shrill voice of a little girl greased
lis ears. "Hello! Is that Mr. WUeor
"Yes." he answered kindly.
"Well, can yon tell us where-grand-pa's
liver to? We've' got to pat a hot
flannel aa it and we can't and stT
- oeaar minc ,r .,
There Is a terrible khid of Norwegian
iNcane"niysoet." which to made
of goats'- milk. It. Is brown in color
and serve la the" shape. of bricks
done up in -stiver, paper. ,The initiated
shave tftm-nta-thftilalme and make it
' uu.' . A,.rfL .
ito a sandwich with black bread aad
itjer: This cae la really made'
m the Whey art er prooer caeeae aaa
nt imftafttmLt' All the water hi
then boiled out. and the remainder to
compressed .Into these brown bricks,
which, taste sweet and gritty.
. Love of this cheese would take some
time to acquire. Tbe opportunity is
not lacking, for It appears, at every
meal, from breakfast onward. There'
are several uative cheeses. Another
terrible one. "pultost," is made with
caraway seeds and "always smells as
if it had gone bad. Mysost baa ao
smell, fortunately, only a terrible as
pect and taste. '
Dr. 'Julius Nkholyson sent a few
Norwegian delicacies to a friend in
Germany,1 dnd. among others, he put
In a piece of tbe native mysost His
friend wrote and thanked him for tbe
salmon, etc.,, and then continued, ."The
soap is very nice, but we find great
difficulty In 'making the lather." This
waa the cheese! London Saturday Be
Pilot Bread the First Variety Made In
.the United States.
The first, cracker produced in-the
United States, so far as known, was
pilot or ship bread, a-'large, round,
clumsy, crisp affair, which supplied
the demand of the merchant marine
for an article of food that would, un
like ordinary bread, keep for a pro
Later another variety was origi
nated; theTcold water cracker, which
differed from the first chiefly in its
smaller size, more compact texture
and greater hardness. For a long time
these two. were the only goods known
to the trade: '"
They were both made of unleavened
dough mixed and kneaded by band,
and the crackers were rolled out and
shaped separately before being placed,
one at a time, on along bandied sheet
iron shovel or peel and transferred in
order to the floor of the oval shaped
tile oven then In use. It was not until
some time later that raised or fer
mented dotfgtrwas used in the manu
facture of "crackers; and it is only
within the past three-quarters of a
century that any great variety has
been produced. Bakers Weekly.
As there Is more than one way of
cooking a-goose, so there is more than
one method of teaching a dog to throw
somersaults' But the most practical
and thorough manner is to fasten a
cord around; the body of the animal
close to the fore legs, and two people
should bold? the ends of the cord on
either side of the unfortunate dog. A
third party, armed with a stout rope,
takes a position' Immediately In front
of tbe canlni acrobat and with a meas
ured and'' masterly stroke flogs the
floor at close quarters to tbe dog's nose.
At each stroke of the rope tbe dog
springs backward, and that movement
la tbe trainer's golden opportunity. As
tbe dog springs backward the rope
passing 'under its body is jerked up
ward, and, although the first few at
tempts may prove futile, tbe somer
sault is acquired in course of time. An
intelligent dog soon sickens of this or
der of things and throws somersaults
without the assistance of ropes.
And Yet the King Died.
Daring the' fatal illness of King
Charles II. of England there were four
teen doctors In attendance, and they
dosed him in the course of five and
a half days with the following drugs
and powders: Orange Infusion of the
metals, white vitriol dissolved in com
pound peony water, powder of sacred
bitter, sirup of buckthorn, common
decoction for clysters, -rock salt, emetic
wine, two blend pills, bryony com
pound, powder of white hellebore roots,
powder of cowslip flowers, best man
na, cream of tartar, barley and liq
uorice, sweet almond kernels, sal am
moniac, antidotal milk water, mallow
root, melon,, seeds, chicken broth, bark
of elm, a julep of black cherry water,
flowers of lime, lilies of the valley,
spirit of lavender, prepared pearls and
white sugar, candy, senna leaves, ale,
sirup of cloves. Goa stone, Rhine wine,
oriental bezoar stone and a number of
Charming Away Tigers.
No woodcutter will go about bis
task in the' Indian forests unless be is
accompanied by a faker, who is sup
posed to exercise power over tigers
and wild animals generally. Before
work Is commenced the faker assem
bles all the' members of bis party In a
clearance at tbe edge of tbe forest and
erects a number of huts, in which be
places images of certain deities. After
offerings have been presented to the
images the particular forest Is declar
ed to be free of tigers, and tbe wood
cutters hi virtue of the presents they
have made to the deities are supposed
to be under their special protection.
If after, all these precautions a tiger
seizes one of tbe party the faker
speedily' takes his departure without
waiting ta offer superfluous explana
tions. Calcutta Statesman.
' Oddest Parasite In Creation.
The royal Bengal tiger is Infested
with one 'of the strangest creatures
that ever lived. It Is said, to be-a fact
easily demonstrated or proved by one
who has access to a zoological collec
tion that the web of tbe foot of tigers
off the above named species to Inhabit
ed', by a Meodsatklng- Insect about the
toe off a common flea which is a per
fect counterpart of a tiger in every
particular.-' shape, claws, tail and
He Lived Well.
He-Yes. he Uvea on tbe fat off the
land. She-Wbat is he? HeAn anti
fat medicine manufacturer. Comic
Life's a reckoning .we cannot make
twice over. You cannot mend a wrong
cubtracUoa by doing year addition
EdBitabte Building, U and Sarin
,- .Th lacrcaoe hi bwilnm
, The her of loaev sssate daahsg the year.
The preseat Messbership 54t
' Divideade credited to Stock in lift 12 1-2 per cent.:.' $15,764.47
lff Wee the saost en
thex vlHBiMket; of Cehmhna aiaca Ma orgaaitalioa has exceeded the saost sanguine expectations 'of its Di
recton sad friend. The Equitable solicits your business and offers a first class proposition to both the in
vestor aajd the borrower.
' ASSETS JANUARY 1 EACH YEAR SINCE ITS ORGANIZATION
January 1, ltti $ 14,792.89
DANIEL SCHRAM, President G. R SPEICE, Vice Pres. H., S. ELLIOTT, Treas.
LOUIS UGHTNER, Counselor J. C. ECHOLS, Secretary
OFFICE WITH ELLIOTT, SPEICE ft CO., POST OFFICE BLOCK, COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA
WHY IOWA BUSINESS MEN
In 1894 Iowa abandoned the policy
of statutory prohibition and passed' a
law permitting the larger cities to li
cense the,' sale of liquor. Shortly be
fore this was done the Canadian com
mission visited Iowa and took- testi
mony, much of which related to the
injury prohibition had inflicted upon
business' Interests.' Extracts from'
such testimony, taken from the official
records of the royal commission, are
given below. They ought to be read
by every business 'man In Nebraska:
PROTEST OF BUSINESS MEN.
E. A. Hughes, mayor of Clinton,
testified: "Are there any benefits
that you have noticed to come to your
community from tbe prohibitory law?
I should certainly say not. Last
spring there was a convention called
at Des:3folnes, or rather a call was
made on the mayor of each city jn
the state of Iowa to send a delega
tion,' consisting of the mayor and
three representatives of the business
interests, to meet In convention at Des
Moines ;for the purpose of soliciting
the legislature to give us some relief
in relation to the prohibitory law. I
went to; that convention w.ith three oi
our citizens, but there was preseat at
it a very strong representation from
all over) the state, and if the voice or
that convention can be credited with
having any weight, or with giving us
an indication of the condition of af
fairs throughout the state of Iowa gen
erally, -it certainly showed strongly
that tb,e effect of the taw was detri
mentals to the state of Iowa In a gen
eral way, and In each individual local
ity represented in the convention.
There were a number of strong
speeches made by men who said that
at the time the prohibition law waa
submitted to the people they were in
favor pf it It was first represented
to the; people of the state by the pro
bibitioqists that all they asked was
a far.rial of the law and a fair and
earnest effort to enforce It, and If. In
tbevljjw of the people of iowa, it
proved;o be a failure and not a goo'd
thing1 rar the state, they would agree
that ' the law should be repealed. I
heard 'several very good speeches
made .there by business men who
claimed that they had been in favor
of thev measure at that time, but who
now thought we had seen a sufficient
trial of it, and concluded that It hadJ
proven a ratiure. Tney said tneir cit
ies were suffering to such an extent
that they could not stand it any long
er without relief, and they asked the
legislature to give them relief. The
feeling of that convention generally
was that the law had been a curse to
tbe state of Iowa, especially in the
larger cities. At Des Moines the sec
retary of state, Mr. McFarland, indi
cated to us that be favored a system
which, while retaining the prohibitory
law for the state, would allow any
community that washed to withdraw
and establish a license system with
regulation. If such a plan as ihat
were carried out, would it be better
than the present? I think so. Tbat
would be practically local option."
KILLED A GREAT INDUSTRY.
William P. Daniels of Cedar Rapids
testified: "A great proportion of the
Germans are settled along the line
of the river,, and a great many of them
engaged in the grape industry and
wine making. A few miles south of
here we have a colony of Germans,
which might In one sense be called
a socialistic colony. They hold their
property largely in common. They
manufactured a great deal of wine
some tune ago. They are a very law
abiding people, and the prohibitory
law has stopped their business entire
ly in that respect They have com
plied with the law without any com
pulsion. My observation with refer
ence to the whole state Is that a large
number of Germans paas us by on ac
count of the prohibitory law. and' that
that law has not influenced any large
class of people to come here. The
period during which we lost Immigra
tion and the period of oar greatest de
pression waa daring the time of the
greatest attempt to enforce this law,
and when there was bat little prospect
or agitation for the repeal of tbe law.
Bat whether It is simply a coincidence
or not, it is a fact that busiaess and
hamlgratloa both have Improved late
ly, coaweaclag almost Immediately.
with the prospect sf the repeat of tie
HNAKGIAL STATEMENT OF
of Ctoluthbui, Nebraska
- January 1, 1910.
$m,3S9M Capital Stock pd hi aaddtvideeds added$2t3,895:M
, 4U.H - Reserved Faad "2 1 1,431.43
- - ' UsrfWdcdProfta. 1I 1,183.73
.-Jtt,717t . Total , $2te,71t.76
for the year ltt
c easeful oae aiace the omaizatiosi of
1, 1998 .
"WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH
The Kansas .City Dajly Star of Nov.
26, 1909, contains the following edi
torial: "Kansas has been able to boast
of an increased total value, of Its farm
products every year,, expect one, in the
past fourteen years, But this has
been due to-.advanciHg prices of farm
products ratter than to increased pro
duction. In'some respects Kansas ag
riculture .is perilously near the verge
of stagnation, or even 'of decadence.
The state never .has been able to raise
a bigger corn crop than It produced
twenty years ago. There have been
eight years' in two decades when the
number of swine was greater than
Coburn reports on the farms this
year. Kansas had more cattle ten
years ago, and more hogs twenty
years ago,' than at the present time.
Records such as these are forgotten
In the general Jubilation over steady
Increases In the value of tbe aggre
gate output of the farms. They fur
nish indubitable evidence that, pros
perous as Kansas is, the state is not
making the headway in agriculture
that it should be making. Compari
sons wjth 'Other states are as unfavor
able as, comparisons of present with
past production. The average yield of
corn per acre In Kansas for ten
years was 23.1 bushels to the acre,
compared with 27.7 bushels In Ne
braska, and 34.5 bushels In Illinois."
(The StAr does not .attempt to an
swer the query propounded In the
above headline. Tbe one simple an
swer is that prohibition drives out of
a state Its enterprising and indus
trious producers of wealth.)
IN TH HOLE.
Kansas City, Kan., Is deep In the
financial hole. The city council
passed an ordinance In October au
thoricing the issue and sale of mu-
In paying the city's debts. A ciiizn
went into court and enjoined the sale
of bonds. Here is a statement of the
condition of that city In 1908: "The
public treasury in Kansas City, Kan.,
Is empty.' The deficiency In the gen
eral fuad reaches over 139,000. From
this fund- the current expenses, includ
bg maintenance of the fire depart
nent, are pajd. Formerly the saloon
licenses and fines caused' an annual
payment '' into the treasury of about
$100,000. Call of which is lost to the
city. This caused the cutties down
f the police force to less than one
self Its. former number. Last Feb
ruary one of the banks of Kansas City,
Kan., refused to cash a city warrant
for the reason that the bank was then
carrying like warrants eighteen
months older than the one presented
hi February. The loss of revenue
'made It necessary to raise the tax J
Jasnw AM IDEAL DRAMATIZATION OF
T THE MOST POPULAR AND f lk
BsrssaW!BCIinr "BalT nJ
tvNtfrcmuTM wMKrmw nscuuc
f ''" hnss) Wp. MM rtMattatqy
ym smmrrr smemt jm stasm.
North Theatre,! Friday, January 14th
Gird WlttMt OKfitkjfc
STATE OF MINNESOTA, )
COUNTY OF STEELE. S.
L Richard Jahreiss, of Owatoaaa, Miasu, bciag first duly sworn, do
say that I am the person named in and who subscribed the fol
lowing statement and the same as true of say own knowledge,
in every particular: 1 had severe pains in say right side, just a.
bove the Appendix. I went to tbe doctor and he pronounced my
case Appendicitis and advised an operation. Instead I went to
Zamboni Bros,. Drag Store and bought a bottle of (Adkr-i ka)
Treatment. After taking it the result wasindeed wonderful. The
pains stopped and I felt like a new man. I heartily recommend (Adlerika)
Treatment to anyone troubled with Appendicitis, as I know it has cured me."
.aaa. (Sitaed) RICHARD H. JAHREISS.
t Seal. Sahscrihod and sworn to before me June 29, 1905.
T J. NEWSAJLT, Notary Pablic, Steele County;
cluelstHilBgwetaad wm, BrtiwtftitoMnwr el tab wonderfully successes!
mx. A valWWrtt. awjag rsteewat ttar unto s4 Sette kaown organ, the
AMBI. "iTfffi?f!iglnl !m" jraa? " operation.
Mel at I?' Ummth
the EQUITABLE. i ;.t.n.-. :
rate, which was in 194 and 1905 ?l.'ii)
per $100 property valuation, and which
Is now $3.10 per $100."
A GREAT TAX BURDEN.
The Pittsburg Kansan says:' "3tal.
taxes" are nearly $1',00'0.006 in excess
of anything levied before! That's tho
situation in Kansas; Bo' the copIi
like -It?' Not much, but they thai
dance must pay the fiddler."
Twe Hundred Per Cent Loss.'
He was no rolle;: onil lnNinos
man. He was just tin other kind. In
tbe course of his commercial venturo-
be was induced by an acquaintance to
become a partner in thf niiu and feed
line. After about a year of It the firm
went to pieces. leaving him with the
bag to bold. A college friend met'him
shortly after the collapse and was hsl;
tag about it.
"What per cenr of the fo.ss fell on
you 7 inquired the friend, who'tildn'r
know tbe particulars.
"Two huudred." he responded
Two hundred?" exclaimed the
friend. "Why. man.'1 there can't he
more than a hundred per cent loss.'
"Come off." he countered. "Theix
was two of us. He lost a hundred and
I lost a hundred. Don't that make
"Of course not. Your loss Is only
100 per cent."
"Yes. but say." he explained. "I had
to settle for it all."
"Ob." snld the friend. New Yorl;
Horse or Beef?
The first day horse was served out a'
Kiniberley omy of it was cooked tor
the officers mess at the mounted camp
At the table i'eakiuau said:
"Gentlemen. 1 am borry to-say thai
we were unable to get ail our ration hi
beef today and bad to- take part if it
in horseflesh. This which 1 am carv
ins is beef: the horse is at tbe otht-t
end. and any one who prefers it can
Nobody did prefer it. and so they all
ate beef and made a good dinner.
When tbey bad finished Peaknian sud
"By Jove, gentlemen. I find I haw
made a mistake in 'the joints! This i
the horseflesh and the other is beef."
It was just a dodge of his to get
them started on the horseflesh. DIarj
of Dr. Oliver Ashe.
A Monumental Bull.
At Kilkenny castle may !e seen a
"monumental" Irish bull in the form
of -a tombstone erected to the memory
of a former retainer of the Ormond
family. The stone bears the truly Hi
bernlan inscription. "Kreeied by Joh'i
Toole In Memory of His Posterity.' -Britannia
eft is Swore. Proof:
.SUto Drmff Stoc.
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. -. i,. .
, v i v 5y wlf - JS&ti " , H jjls.
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