The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 08, 1909, Image 4

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baan ncaivsd ap to Jan. 1, 1906,
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la aSa.tha data, which answers aa a rscaipt,
will ha Mhaaaad aciootrtlatly.
DlX)STINXJANCl-B-BapoiiaIble aabaorib
anwill aoarJaaa to lateiTa this Journal anril tha
lata notifiar. by latter to diaoontinaa.
laUamaragaa m lat be paid. If yomdoaot
miah tha Joaxaal continued for another year af
ter thattaa paid for has expired, yom ahoald
wfioaaly notify nstodiaooattaaa it.
CHANGE IN ADDBESS-Whan orderlac a
ahaaaaU tha adttrsss,sabscribars should bs
to rfratfcalr old as well as thstr saw address
Calling Barkett names will not elect
a democrat to succeed him.
Has the reform movement made the
price of batter and eggs any cheaper?
The Lincoln Star is alluded to as a
republican paper by democratic
organs, rotmoiy it is, out it taias
like a democrat.
Women vote like men in Colorado,
yet the Centennial State has the repu
tation of being-rnext to Pennsylvania,
of course ihe most corrupt state
politically in the Union.
Hon. J. P. Latta has changed his
mind and will be a candidate for re
election. Edgar Howard will also be
ft candidate. Looks as though another
check book campaign was coming
down the pike.
For a man who is "already beaten,"
Senator Burkett appears to be worry
ing the democratic .politicians. The
enemies of Burkett always have him
defeated before election, but somehow
Burkett always gets there.
Now that Nebraska is out of debt
there appears to be a movement incu
bating in Lincoln to pile up a burden
some debt by appropriating several
million dollars for a new capitol build
ing. All the Lancaster county re
formers are in favor of the scheme.
Has "Little Giant" Thompson been
into the political garbage dump?
Yon don't hear his name mentioned in
connection with any political office of
importance. Bryan, Sballenberger
sad Dahlman appear to be tbe only
available democratic timber for polit
ical honors.
"Anarchy reigns supreme in Oma
ha!" shrieks a little folder devoted to
county option and edited by a dozen
preachers. Remarks of this kind will
not strengthen the cause of county
option. There "are law breakers in
.Omaha 'the same as there is in Lincoln
or any other large city, but any man
of common sense knows that "anarchy
don not reign supreme" in the Ne
braska metropolis.
City produces some queer
religious freaks. A year ago a band
of preacher appeared on the streets
who claimed the divine right to kill
all who opposed their peculiar views,
and when an attempt was made to
arrest them they brought their artil
lery into action, killing two policemen.
Two of the reformers are dead and the
others are in the penitentiary. Now
another reformer, William L. Willson,
has appeared in Kansas City. He
says it is an unpardonable em to wear
clothes, and attempted to .preach on
the street in a nude condition. He
was placed under arrest, and later
banished to Kansas, where the state
board of health has secured an order
prohibiting men from wearing whis
The plan of the prohibitionists in
Nebraska, as declared by the leaders
of the movement, is first, a county
option law, to be followed later by
abmitting the voters a proposed con
stitutional amendment prohibiting the
manufacture and sale of intoxicating
liquors. This was the plan adopted
by ths prohibitionists in Alabama.
After securing the enactment of a
county option law two years ago, the
prohibitionists proceeded with the sec
ond part of the program. The pro
hibitory amendment was presented to
the voters for their endorsement or
rejection two weeks ago, and to the
sunrise of the prohibitionists through
oat tha country the amendment was
defeated by ft large majority, only
three out of the sixty-six counties in
tha state returning a majority in favor
of the proposition. Not only was the
amsndmmt defeated, but the result
alsa indicated that county option, as a
to curtail the liquor I
traffic, is a failure and unpopular.
Unlike Nebraska, Alabama only has
one political party. True, there is a
republican organization for tha par
pose of controling federal patronage
and dividing ap the official positions,
but as a factor in a political contest
the republicans of Alabama are not
very .much in evidence outside of a
national convention. And owing to
this fact the prohibition movement
does not create friction inside the party
lines. As long as a candidate wears
the democratic tag in Alabama he
receives the unanimous support of his
party, whether he' be a prohibitionist
or a so-called "whisky man." In Ne
braska, many prohibition republicans
allow such men as Harrison, Darnell
and Thomas to think for them and
vote as the alleged reformers dictate.
The question of a candidate's ability,
his loyalty to the cardinal principles
of the republican party and his moral
worth as a citizen k never taken into
consideration by the majority of pro
hibitionists. The idea seems to prevail
among the prohibitionists of Nebraska
that if a candidate does not openly
declare himself in favor of county
option now and state wide prohibition
later on, he is anundesirable citizen
and unworthy the confidence of his'
countrymen. Sheldon was defeated
by republican prohibitionists (voting
for Sballenberger. In the next cam
paign it is the expressed determination
of the prohibitionists to vote against
any and every republican candidate
from governor down to members of the
state legislature who do not publicly
endorse and advocate what they de
mand regardless of what the state
platform shall declare fer. If the
republican prohibitionists obey the
order of Darnell and Thomas asjneek
ly as they did when they were told to
vote against 8heldon, then the next
state administration will be democratic
and a democrat will succeed Burkett
in the United States senate. In every
northern state where the prohibition
ists have dictated the policy and plat
form of the republican party, the party
has been ultimately defeated, and pro
hibitionists have gained nothing but
revenge. The one great difference
between a democratic prohibitionist
and a republican prohibitionist is that
the farmer always votes his party
ticket on election day, while the latter
frequently walks up to the ballot box
and assists in electing men who are not
only opposed to him politically but
have the utmost contempt for him
Enid, Okla., Nov. 21. The Enid
State Guaranty Bank of this city has
surrendered its state charter, and
Monday will open as the First Nation
al Bank of Enid, its name before May
1 last, when after a struggle with the
state officers it was compelled to com
ply with the guaranty law.
Immediately after the recent failure
of the Columbia Bank and Trust Com
pany of Oklahoma- City the State
Guaranty Bank's officers decided they
would take no further chances on the
guaranty law and applied for a nation
al charter.
The delay in granting the applica
tion was the result cf fitly other state
guaranty banks applying for national
charters, all of which had to be ex
amined. An application has been made for a
national charter for a bank here to be
known as the American National.
None of the four other banks here
will admit they have made this move.
The day after the failure of the
Columbia Bank and Trust Company
was announced, it was loudly pro
claimed by the democratic press that
all depositors would be paid in full
within a week. lime went by. The
depositors were clamorous. No one
appeared to make good. Finally the
statement was issued that what is
known as the guaranty fund supposed
to be on deposit somewhere in the
state and under state control, would
not be available until -a statement
from the receiver of the defunct insti
tution was received, giving the exact
amount of the assets and liabilities,
then the depositors would receive their
money in full. - It has since been
learned that the amount of money in
the guaranty fund was not sufficient
to pay the depositors, and additional
assessments were levied on -all state
banks. Many of the banks refused to
contribute the amount levied against
them, and if the depositors have ever
been settled with in full the fact has
not been verified.
The truth of the matter is, the so
called bank guaranty law of Oklahoma
is a failure. The idea of taxing a man
to make up a loss occasioned by the
frenzied financiering of another man,
or setof men, is wrong in principle and
not morally right. The enactment .of
the guaranty law' in Oklahoma placed
every bank in the state on the same
footing as to safety, and resulted in the
organization of the state banks by men
incapable of conducting a banking
business with due regard for the safety
of the money placed in their vaults by
depositors. Is it to be wondered at
then, that slate bancs are reorganizing
and makine annlications for national
charters? It is stated that within a
year there will not be to exceed a I
.... .
dozen state banks ia Oklahoma.
The New York World wants to
know. Beaaarking that the bureau of
labor at Washington has established
the fact that divorces are three times
more numerous now than they were a
generation ago, it says:
"What is the trouble? Why is it
that of every 1,000 American men,
women and children ten have been
divorced, and another ten perhaps
have separated from their marital
partners? What is it in the lives of so
many of the younger generation of
Americans that renders them incapa
ble of matrimonial happiness? Why
so many divorces?"
First Because af the decline of au
thority. Everybody in this country
wants to be his own boss, and is so as
far as possible. Nobody wants to
obey unless obedience matches inclina
tion. The ancient superstition that
the husband is the head of the fauily,
and his wife must mind him is thor
oughly exploded. Husbands nowa
days seldom demand or expect obedi
ence, nor do wives suggest it The
basis of contemporary American mar
riage is agreement. When this fails
the parties quit.
Second Because there are so many
more ways than there were a genera
tion ago for a woman to make a living.
Marriage is less important to women
as a means of support than it was theri.
Third Because the price of living
is so high. Men abandon their wives
in shocking numbers because the job
of maintenance is heavy and they get
tired of it:
Fourth Because women require
much more and give less than they
did a generation ago. They have been
carefully endowed by law in most
states with rights and privileges prop
er to independence. Their private
fortunes, if they have any, are their
own; their earnings are their own:
they have a claim on their husbands'
estates, and a legal right to be sup-,
ported by their husbands, but their
legal obligations to their husbands are
few and slight, and difficult, such as
they are, to exact by law.
Fifth Because distractions have
greatly increased in American' life in
a generation. Cheap amusements
abound, electric lights, cheap shows,
cheap newspapers, cheap transporta
tion. Everybody reads the one-cent
papers, including the advertisements.
The common run of people have more
ideas in their heads, run about more,
want more things and live much more
stimulated lives than they did a gen
eration ago.
Sixth Church influences for the
time being are weaker than they used
to be, and dramatic influences are
more pervasive. Church influences
favor continuity in marriage; dramat
ic influences favor variety.
There are plenty more reasons, but
six are enough. The wonder is that
in the face of such convincing reasons
as these about nine marriages in every
ten still hold good. From Life, New
The most dreaded man in England
today is David Lloyd George, a celt
from Wales. He is the leader of the
most remarkable movement toward
revolution by peaceful means that has
ever taken place in Britain. Altho
ugh not denounced as a Jack Cade or
a Wat Tyler, he has been sneeringly
alluded to as Robespierre.
This powerful exponent of the trend
of social democracy is now chancellor
of the exchequer. He has reached the
heights of fame by the toilsome moun
tain road of poverty. Son of a Uni
tarian clergyman, who died without
making any provision for his family,
he was brought up as a simple cottag
er's child on plain and scanty fare.
But insufficient diet did not stifle his
ambition, nor tame his fighting spirit.
When a mere lad he refused to answer
certain questions in the established
churches catechism because he believ
ed they reflected on his own religion.
Apprenticed "to a firm of lawyers till
he became of age, he was enabled in
1884 to begin the practice of his chos
en profession.
Religious liberty seems to have been
a passion with him. One .of his first
cases at law was his appearance for
the friends of a deceased person denied
burial in the village cemetery on ac
count of her religious belief. -The dis
putes that followed made Lloyd George
a popular hero and paved his way to
He has now the fight of his life on
his hands. If the budget, a plan of
taxation which he has. guided through
the house of commons (a plan where
by the rich, not the poor, are assessed
to pay the piper) is accepted by the
lords, his fame is secure. If, on the
other hand, the lords reject it, his car
eer may have just begun. A rejection
ny the lords means a general election,
in which case a bitter 'fight between
the peers and their friends on one side
and the plain people and their friends
on the other will take place. Trium
ph for Lloyd George would then call
for the abolition of the lords and their
principal privileges. He has only
scorn and contemDt for them now.
He will not spare them, once lie gets
them down.Boston Globe.
If the report that the famous Hope
blue diamond has gone to the bottom
of the sea with its owner, Selim Hab
ib, in the wreck of the French mail
steamer Soyne at Singapore shall prove
to be true the last link has bees add
ed to a long chain of misfortunes that
have come upon possessors of this fam
ous stone. By the superstitious
the hope diamond has long been
considered a gem of baleful influence,
and there certainly are enough rec
ords apparently confirming this idea
to make even those who scoff at
the idea of an inanimate object bring
ing ill luck find unusual interest in its
history, throughout which romance
and tragedy are strangely interming
led. .
The Hope diamond is generally be
lieved to have been part of a large
stone that weighed in the rough 112
carats and was bought by Louis XIV,
of France from a French traveler and
merchant, Andreas Tavernier. The
story goes that Tavernier bought or
stole it in India, where it had once
been one of the eyes of a temple idol.
Soon after Tavernier sold it to the
grand monarch he was torn to pieces
by wild dogs in Spain, it is recorded.
Louis XVI. had .the original stone
cut, but after cutting it weighed only
67 carats. What became of the
other 45 'carats? Probably they
formed part of the stone that was stolen
during the cutting and remained in
hiding or the seclusion of some family
treasure chest, unknown to the dia
mond dealing world, for a century
and a half. At any rate, the Hope
diamond, corresponding in weight and
color closely to the stone that formed
one of the crown jewels of France un
til the revolution put an end to French
.kings of tbe old regime, did not ap
pear on the market until 1830.'
Marie Antoinette, the unfortunate
queen who went to the guillotine, as
did Louis XVI., wore the original
stone, which was lost in 1792 and
never found. In 1830 the Hope dia
mond, weighing 44 J carats, was bou
ght by Daniel Eliason, an English
dealer in diamonds, from a French
man who was starving and in the last
stages of consumption. Eliason sold
it to an English banker, Henry Tho
mas Hope.
From the Hope family the gem got
the name by which it has since been
known to the world. Treasured as a
family jewel, it came into possession
of Lord Francis Hope, now the heir
presumptive to the Duke of Newcastle.
This scion of British .nobility, born in
1868, married in 1894 May Yohe, the
actress. On state occasions the wife of
Lord Francis was allowed to wear the
beautiful blue diamond, and she even
appeared on the stage adorned with it
After may Yohe had been Lady Fran
cis Hope for seven years she scandali
zed British society by eloping with
Putnam Bradlee Strong, a soldier in
the United States army. Then Lord
Francis Hope obtained a divorce and
married another woman this time an
Hubert Parry once wrote: "Every
sane person tries to get as much en
joyment out of life as be can. How
ever much you hope the future life
may redress the present, it is just as
well to make the most of what you
know you have got There are vari
ous forms of enjoyment One gentle
man thinks the height of enjoyment is
to live at the top of a tall pillar.
There is in the East the man who finds
his enjoyment in standing on one leg.
We know some people whose form of
enjoyment is to go through unendura
ble things in order to say they have
been to the north pole. One of the
most universal enjoyments is doing
things for other people. Look at pol
iticians. Consider the insufferable
boredom they suffer in congress under
the idea they are doing good to their
fellow creatures. Look at the pilers
up of millions, the sordid toil they
have to undergo in making their enor
mous piles. They Know tnat tney
cannot hope to enjoy more than a frac
tion of it themselves. It is all done for
their fellow creatures. They discover
to us that there is nothing in the world
which requires so much discrimination
and iudement as the enjoyment of
doing things for other people."
The editor of the Globe confesses
to a number of aueer notions. One of i
them is that people do not enjoy work
ing for the happiness' of others. To
suppose that a man enjoys hard work,
in order that a friend or relative may
enjoy idleness and luxury, is absurd
and unnatural. It so happens that
many men work themselves to death,
in piling up fortunes inherited by
others, but they do not do it because
they enjoy working for others; every
man who is imposed on knows it, and
Jt is true that yon often find artifi-1
daily good men, who claim to enjoy
Soon after the elopement
Lord Francis became heavily involved
financially and sold the famous dia
mond for $168,000.
Pawing front Lord Francis Hope to
an English broker named Well, the
diamond was sold to Simon Frankei,
head of a firm of New York jewelers,
and was credited with causing the fin
ancial difficaltities into With Frankei
soon afterward fell. In 1908 Frankei
sold it for $300,000 to Jacques Colot,
a Paris broker, and soon afterward he
again became prosperous. The dia
mond, 8elim Habib said in Paris on
the occasion of his offering this and a
number of gems for sale last summer,
had been bought bj him at the Frankei
sale. Other stories, however, have
found their way into print.
According to these stories, the Hope
diamond was sold last summer to a
Russian prince, Ivan Eanitovski, who
loaned it to a pretty dancer named
Lorens Ladue. The dancer is said to
have had a jealous lover who shot her
from a box when she appeared on the
Jtage wearing the diamond. Then, it
is said, the prince recovered his pro
perty, but two days later he was stab
bed to death by revolutionist From
Paris the gem is said to have gone to
Constantinople, where it was bought
by Sultan Abdul Hamid and a weird
tale says that it reposed on the breast
of the sultan's favorite, Zubayba,
when she was shot down by the sultan
in his last moments of fear and rage
when he was captured by the young
Turks. These stories may or may not
be true, something of color is lent to
them by the fact that the ast possessor
of the diamond, Selim Habib, was a
Turk and had a father living in Con
stantinople, in which city the young
Babib passed much of his time.
At the auction of Selim Habib's
collections of precious stones, last sum
mer, the Hope diamond is said to have
brought only $80,000. Habib is be
lieved to have had the diamond on his
person when drowned a few days ago,
and probably was on his way, dis
patches say, to deliver the diamond to
its purchaser.
Compared with other famous dia
monds, the Hope stone was not extra
ordinarily large; in weight it was sur
passed by the Kohinoor, 106 carats;
the Orloff 194 carats, and the Regent,
136f carats, and several other stones.
It was, however, of extraordinary size
for a blue diamond, and was consider
ed superb in every way. The blue
diamond, it may be explained, is a
stone tinged with blue; many dia
monds are thus tinged, with different
colors, among the colors being pink,
red, orange, yellow, green, brown and
black. Estimates of the value of the
Hope diamond varied greatly and it is
said to be probable that in a market
where a quick sale was not essential it
would have brought much more than
the $80,000 said to have been paid for
it at the Habib sale. Experts con
sidered it worth at least 8100,000.
Chicago Record-Herald.
working for others, but they are liars.
W. J. Bryan claims that he enjoys
working for others. But the facts are,
in "working for others, and enjoying
it," he has made a fortune and reputa
tion for himself, without accomplishing
anything whatever for others. This is
true of every man or woman who
claims' to "enjoy working for others";
they are. really working in the hope of
benefiting themselves first, and others
incidentally, the latter expectation
seldom being realized. Atchison
Sunshine and Dust.
There la more dust In tbe places il
immlnated by the sun's rays than In
these which we call shady. If you
look along: a beam of light as it streams
throagh a window or a chink in tbe
door you will see innumerable dost
particles dancing about In the light
Ton will be told by most persons that
there Is just as much dust In tbe non
Uluminated parts of the room as in tbe
more favored spaces, but you cannot
ee the particles because tbe rays do
not fall directly upon them. You will
think that this Is eminently plausible,
but It Is not the case. The sun falling
npon the air creates irregular currents,
and these currents stir up the dust and
collect It In layers along tbe line of
light; hence there is more dust where
the sun shines than elsewhere. A cu
rious experience in a museum gave
proof of this. It was noticed that
there was always more dust on the
glass cases exposed to the sunbeams
than on those which were never touch
ed by the rays of tbe great orb, and
this led to an inquiry, with tbe above
Tha Sun.
It has been stated that no one has
sver seen the sun. A series of con
:entric shells envelops a nucleus of
which we know nothing except tbat it
nnst be Infinitely hotter than tbe flerc
sst furnace and tbat it must amount to
more than nine-tenths of the solar
mass. That nucleus is tbe real sun.
forever hidden from us. The outer
most of tha enveloping shells is about
I.O0O. salles thick and Is called tbe
V,tonKPere - ,
It la a gaseous flood.
About Our New Fall lane
We are showing on the floor at the present time our
new line of Bed Room Furniture in Circassian walnut,
mahogany, bird's eye maple, golden oak and the good
imitation quartered oak.
In beds we have something newin wood in the Ver
nis Martin and enamel finishes. The first time these
goods were shown was in Grand Rapids last July. We
can truthfully say that at the present time we can show
you a larger line of bedroom goods than we ever carried
In kitchen cabinets we have just received a line of
the Springfield make, the best we know of, in prices
ranging from $18.50 to $40.00. We also show the Mc
Dougal line of sifter bin cabinets.
Pedestal extension tables, 42 inch round tops, we are
selling now for $11.00. These are first class -tables in
oak and ash, solid woods, golden oak finishes. Genuine
quarter sawed oak tops on these tables at $14.50 and $16.
219-21-23 West Eleventh Street Columbus, Nebraska
For a good Xmas dinner, order your
Groceries of us.
We can supply you with
Nuts. Vegetables,
Let Us Prove To YOU That
You Want This
Heat Regulator
We can provide it and prove, that if
you have it installed, you won't sell it
for what it cost you.
Let Us Take the Risk
If you are not satisfied, and it does
not do all we claim, we will take it out
and give your money back.
We Handle the "Minneapolis''
in This City Because
We know this is the best Heat Regu
lator made regardless of price, and we
know the price puts it within the reach
of every household.
Furnace or Boiler-All Kinds of FnaL
uc-- zm.- & e t
javvca- ii vwi ui at geuon
Columbus, Nebraska
Old Books
Iu fact, for anything in tbe book
binding line bring your work to
Journal Office
Phone 160
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