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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1909)
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BACKACHE IS KIDNEYACHE.
Usually There Are Other Trouble te
Pain in the back is pain in the kid
neys, in most cases, and it points to
the need of a spe
cial remedy to re
move and cure the
congestion or in
flammation of the
kidneys that is in
terfering with their
work and causing
that pain, that
makes you say:
"Oh, my back."
nurse, 420 N. 23rd
St. Parsons, Kan.,
says: "For worn.
time I was annoyed 'with sharp twinges
across the email of my back' and '.ir
regular passages of the kidney secre
tions. Since using Doan's Kidney Pills,
I am free from these troubles."
Remember the name Doan'a. Sold
bF all dealers. 50 cents a box. Foster
Hilburn Co, Buffalo, N. Y.
THE NEW DISH.
"What do you call this ice pud
iing?" "Well, sir, It used to be called ice
:udding, but now it is known as the
north pole, or the Cook's Surprise."
FOR OLD PEOPLE.
After reaching the age of forty tha
human system gradually declines. The
accumulated poisons in the blood
cause rheumatic pains in the joints,
muscles and back. These warnings
should be promptly relieved and seri
ous illness avoided by using the fol
lowing prescription which shows won
derful results even after the first few
doses and it will eventually restore
"One ounce compound syrup of
SarsapariUa; one ounce Torts com
pound; half tpinJtt of high 'grade whis
key. This to be mixed and used in
tablespoonful doses before each meal
and at bedtime. The bottle to be well
shaken each time." Any druggist has
these ingredients or can get them
from his wholesale house.
May Paste Million Posters.
Artists, billposters, printers, paper
manufacturers and tuberculosis fight
ers are all united in a gigantic crusade
against tuberculosis which is about to
be started under the direction of the
National Association for the Study
and Prevention of Tuberculosis. In
addition to the gifts of free space on
billboards and free printing of posters
made by the Associated Billposters
and Distributors of America and the
Poster Printers' Association, several"
aundred iaper manufacturers have
slven paper for the posters to the
value of several thousand dollars, and
artis's from all over the United States
ir 2 contributing sketches for posters,
free of charge. The local, state and
aational anti-tuberculosis associations
will see that the posters are placed
:n cities and towns where they are
The posters are nine feet long and
seven feet wide and will be printed in
several colors. If sufficient paper is
procured a million will be pasted up.
The value of these various contribu
tions would reach fully $2,000,000 if
paid for at commerclar rates.
Astonished the Company.
A famous dean was once at dinner,
when, just as the cloth was removed,
the subject of discourse happened to
be that of extraordinary mortality
among lawyers. "We have lost," said
a gentleman, "not less than six emi
nent barristers in as many months."
The dean, who was quite deaf, rose as
his friend finished bis remarks, and
gave the company grace ''For this
and every other mercy, make us truly
"You must at least give that candi
date credit for speaking his mind."
"Yes " replied Miss Cayenne. "But
it's unfortunate that people most-willing
to speak1 th'eir-minds are so oftea
those" whose mentalities are more or
Clarice Don't you think that our
flat is lots nicer than the Browns'?
Friend Tut. tut, Clarice! It's bad
form to match quarters.
RESULTS OF FOOD
Health and .Natural Conditions Coma
From Right Feeding.
Man.- physically, should be like a
perfectly regulated machine, each part
working easily in its appropriate place.
A slight derangement causes undue
friction and wear, and frequently ruins
the entire system.
A well-known educator of Boston
found a way to keep the brain and the
body in that harmonious co-operation
which makes a joy of living.
"Two years ago " 6he writes, "being
in a condition of nervous exhaustion, I
resigned my position as teacher, which
I bad held over 40 years. Since then
the entire rest has, of course, been a
benefit, but the use of Grape-Nuts has
removed one great cause of illness in
the past, namely, constipation, and its
"I generally make my entire break
fast on a raw egg beaten into four
spoonfuls of Grape-Nuts, with a little
hot milk or hot water added. I like
it extremely, my food assimilates, and
my bowels take care of themselves. I
find my brain power and physical con
dition muck greater and I know that
the use of the Grape-Nuts has contrib
uted largely to this result
"It is with feelings of gratitude that
I write this testimonial, and trust ft
may be the means of aiding others la
their search for health."
Look in pkgs. for the little book,MThe
Road toWellviUe." "There's a Reason."
Ever rea the afrave letter? A
Me appears fraaftlate ta tiaae.
are trraalae, trae. aavS fall at hi
Lanmnnav aeeW w jPWT rTHaRRRRRt
Policy of the Administration
Made Clear to the
FAVORS SHIP SUBSIDY BILL
Chief Executive Gives Reasons for De
siring the Passage of Such a Meas
urePostal Savings Banks Plea
for. Conservation of National Re
sources. Washington. The president trans
mitted the following message to con
gress: To the Senate and Hcuse of Repre
sentatives: The relations of the United States with
all foreign governments have continued
upon the normal basis of amity and good
understanding, and are very generally
One of the happiest events in recent
Pan-American diplomacy was the pacific.
Independent settlement by the govern
ments of Bolivia and Peru of a boundary
difference between them, which for some
weeks threatened to cause war and even
to entrain embitterments affecting other
republics less directly concerned. From
various quarters, directly or Indirectly
cQncernadJthc Intermediation of the Uni
ted States was sought to assist in a so
lution of the controversy. Desiring at all
tinif-s to abstain from any undue mingling
In the affairs of sister republics and hav
ing faith in the ab'llty of the govern
ments of Peru and Bolivia themselves to
settle their differences in a manner satis
factory to themselves which, viewed with
magnanimity, would assuage all embit
terment. this government steadily ab
stained from being drawn into the con
trovers f and was much gratified te find
Its confidence Justified by events.
On the ninth of July next these will
open at Buenos .V-jes the fourth Pan
American conference. This conference
will have a special meaning to the hearts
of all Americans, because around its date
are clustered the anniversaries of the In
dependence of so many American repub
lics. It is not necessary for me to remind
the congress of the political, social and
commercial importance of these gather
ings. You are asked to make liberal ap
propriation for our participation. If this
be granted, it Is my purpose to appoint
a distinguished and representative dele
gation, qualified fittingly to represent this
country and to deal with the problems of
Intercontinental interest which will there
The Argentine Republic will also hold
from May to November. 1910, at Buenos
Aires, a great International agricultural
exhibition in which the United States has
been Invited to participate. Considering
the rapid growth of the trade of the Uni
ted States with the Argentine Republic
and the cordial relations existing between
the two nations, together with the fact
that it provides an opportunity to show
deference to a sister republic on the oc
casion of the celebration of Its nation
al independence, the proper departments
of this government are taking steps to ap
prise the interests concerned of the op
portunity afforded by this exhibition. In
which appropriate participation by this
country is so desirable. The designation
of an official representative is also receiv
The Pan-American policy of this gov
ernment has long been fixed in its prin
ciples and remains unchanged. "With the
changed circumstances of the United
States and of the republics to the south
of us. most of which have great natural
resources, stable government and pro
gressive ideals, the apprehension which
gave rise to the Monroe doctrine may be
jaid to have nearly disappeared and nei
ther doctrino as it exists nor any
other doctrine of American policy should
be permitted to operate for the perpetua
tion of irresponsible government, the es
cape of just obligations or the insidious
allegation of dominating ambitions on the
part of the United States.
Bes'de the fundamental doctrines of our
Pan-American policy there have grown
up a realization of political Interests,
community of institutions and Ideals and
a flourishing commerce. All these bonds
will be greatly strengthened as time goes
on and increased facilities, such as the
great bank soon to be established In Latin-America,
supply the means for build
ing up the colossal Intercontinental com
merce of the future.
My meeting with President Diaz and
the greeting exchanged on both Ameri
can and Mexican soil served. I hope, to
signalize the clove and cordial relations
which so well bind together this republic
and the great republic immediately to the
south, between which there Is so vast a
network of material interests.
I am happy to say that all but one of
the cases which for so long vexed our
relations with Venezuela have been set
tled within the past few months and that,
under the enlightened regime now direct
ing the government of Venezuela, provi
sion has been made for arbitration of the
remaining case before The Hague tri
bunal. Since the "Washington conventions of
1P07 were communicated to the govern
ment of the United States as a consult
ing and advisory party, this government
lias been almost continuously called upon
by one or another, and in turn by all of
the five Central American republics, to
exert itself for the maintenance of the
conventions. Nearly every complaint has
been against the Zelaya government of
Nicaragua, which has kept Central Amer
ica In constant tension and turmoil. The
responses made to the 'representations "of
Central American republics, as due from
the UiiltcdStates on. account .of .its. rela
tion to the Washington conventions, have
been at all times conservative and have
avoided, so far as possible, any semblance
of interference, although it Is very appar
ent that the considerations of geograph
ic proximity to the canal zone and of the
very substantial American interests In
Central America give to the Unit-d
States a special position In the zone of
these republics and the Caribbean sea.
I .need not rehearse here the patient
efforts of this government to promote
peace and welfare among these repub
lics, efforts which are fully appreciated
by the majority of them, who are loyal
to their true, interests. It would be no
less unnecessary to rehearse -here the
sad tale of unspeakable barbarities and
oppression alleged to have been commit
ted by- the Zelaya government. Recently
two Americans were put to death y or
der of President .Zelaya himself. They
were officers In the organized forces of
a revolution which was in control of
Hhoui half of the republic, and as such.
Men and Morality.
All the .great ethical teachers from
Aristotle and Plato down to Sldgwlck
and Spencer have beea "contemp
tlble men. Man, and not woman, has
created that immense moral force, a
public conscience. Harold Owea, la
"I need a rest," remarked the hard
worked student Wherewith he went
over to his desk calendar and' took a
day off. Cornell Widow.
according to the modern enlightened
practice of civilized nations, they were
entitled to be dealt with as prisoners of
At the date when this message la
printed this government has terminated
diplomatic relations with the Zelaya gov
ernment, for reasons made public in a
communication to the former Nicaragua
charge d'affaires, and is intending to take
such future steps as may be found most
consistent with its dignity, itsjduty to
American interests and its moral obliga
tions to Central America and to civiliza
Department of State.
I earnestly recommend to the favor
able consideration of the congress the es
timates submitted by the department of
state and most especially the legisla
tion suggested in the secrtary of state's
letter of this date, whereby It will be
possible to develop and make permanent
the reorganization of the department
upon modern lines in a manner to make
it a thoroughly efficient instrument in
the furtherance of our foreign trade and
of American interests abroad. The plan
to have divisions of Latin-American and'
Far-Eastern affairs and to institute a
certain specialization in business with
Europe and the near east will 'at once
commend Itself. These politico-geographical
divisions and the detail from the
diplomatic or consular service to the
department of a number of men who
bring to the study of complicated prob
lems in different parts of the world
practical knowledge recently gained on
the spot, clearly is of the greatest ad
vantage to the secretary of state in
foreseeing conditions likely to arise and
In conducting the great variety of corre
spondence and negotiation. It should be
remembered that such facilities exist in
the foreign offices of all the leading com
mercial nations and that to deny them
to the secretary of state would be to
place this government at a great disad
vantage In the rivalry of commercial
The consular service haa been im
proved under the law of April 5, 1906,
and the executive order of June 27, 1906,
and I commend to your consideration the
question of embodying in a statute the
principles of the present executive order
upon which the efficiency of our consular
service is wholly dependent.
Expenditures and Revenues.
Perhaps the most important question
presented to this administration is that
of economy In expenditures and suffi
ciency of revenue.- The 'deficit of 'the
last fiscal year, and the certain deficit
of the current year, prompted congress
to throw a greater responsibility on
the executive and the secretary of the
treasury than had heretofore been de
clared by statute. This declaration
imposes noon the secretary of the
treasury the duty of assembling all the
estimates of the executive departments,
bureaus and offices of the expenditures
necessary in the ensuing fiscal year,
and of making an estimate of the reve
nues of the government for the same
period; and If a probable deficit is thus
shown. It Is made the duty of the presi
dent to recommend the method by
which such deficit can be met.
The report of the secretary shows
that the ordinary expenditures for the
current fiscal year ending June 30, 1910.
will exceed the estimated .receipts by
$34,075,020. If to this deficit Is added
the sum to he disbursed for the Pan
ama Canal, amounting to J3S.000.000.
and Jl. 000.000 to be paid on the public
debt, the deficit of ordinary receipts
and exnendltures'will be Increased to
a total deficit of $73.075.fi20. - This def
icit the secretary proposes to meet by
the proceeds of bonds issued to pay
the cost of constructing the Panama
Canal. I approve this proposal.
In order to avoid a deficit for the
ensuing fiscal year. I directed the
heads of departments in the prepara
tion of their estimates to make them
as low as possible consistent with Im
perative governmental necessity.
I am aware that there is a strong
feelinsr in both houses of congress, and,
possibly in the country, against the
establishment of civil pensions, and
that this has naturally grown out of
the heavy burden of military pensions,
which it has always been the policy
of our government to assume: but I
am strongly convinced that no other
practical solution of tho difficulties
presented by the superannuation of
civil servants can be found than that
of a system of civil pensions.
Frauds in the Collection of Customs.
I regret to refer to the fact of the
discovery of extensive frauds in the
collection of the customs revenue at
New York city, in which d number of
the subordinate emoloycs In the weigh
in:? and other departments were di
rectly concerned, and in which the
beneficiaries were the American Surar
Refining Company and others. The
frauds consisted in the payment of
duty on underweights of sugar. The
government has recovered from the
American Sugar Refining Company all
that it is shown to have been defraud
ed of. The sum was received In full
of the amount due. which might have
been recovered by civil suit against
the beneficiary of the fraud, but there
was an express reservation in the con
tract of settlement by which the settle
ment should not interfere with, or pre
vent the criminal prosecution of every
one who was found to be subject to
Criminal prosecutions are now pro
ceeding against a number of the gov
ernment officers. Th treasury de
partment and the department of jus
tice are exerting every effort to dis
cover all the Wrongdoers, including
the officers and employes of the com
panies who may have been privy to
the fraud. It would seem to me that
an investigation of the frauds by con
gress at present, pending the probing
by the treasury department .and the
department of justice, as proposed,
might by giving immunity and other
wise prove an embarrassment, in securing-
conviction of the guilty parties.
-The Tariff Act..
Two features of the new tariff act
call for special reference. By virtue
of the clause known as the "maximum
and minimum" clause, it is the duty
of the executive to consider the laws
and practices of other countries with
reference te the importation into those
countries of the products and mer
chandise of the United States, and if
the executive finds such laws and prac
tices not to be unduly discriminatory
against the United States, the mini
mum duties provided in 'the bill are to
go into force. Unless the president
makes such a finding, then, the maxi
mum duties provided -in the bill, 'that
is. an Increase of 25 per centad valo
rem over the minimum duties are to
be in force. Fear has been expressed
that this power conferred and duty
imposed on the executive Is likely to
lead to a tariff war. I beg to express
the hope and belief that no such result
need be anticipated.
The discretion granted to the execu
tive by the terms "unduly discrim
inatory" is wide. In order that the
maximum duty shall be charged against
the imports from a country. It is necessary-
that he shall find on the part, of
that country not only liscrimlnatlons
in its laws or the pract.ee under them
against the trade of the' United States,
b-at that the discriminations found
ahall be undue: that Is. without good
and fair reason. I conceive that this
power was reposed in the president
with the hope that the maximum du
ties might never be applied in any case,
but that the power to apply them woulw
School Teachers Well Treated.
Disabled teachers in Munich receive
pensions of 75 per cent, of their sal
aries and a schoolmaster's wife, who
loses her husband gets three-fourths
of his salary with an allowance for
every child under 20.
World's Submarine Cables. '
The submarine cables of the world
cover a total of 2TS.203 miles, distrib
uted among 2.053 cables. Three
fourths of this total mileage is owned
my private companies.
enable the president and the state 6
partment through friendly negotiation
to secure the elimination from the laws
aad the practice under them of any
foreign country of that which is un
duly discriminatory. No one is seek
lig a tariff war or a condition In which
tne spirit of retaliation shall be
Needs. of tha Navy.
The return of the battleship fleet from
its voyage around the world, in more
efficient condition than when it started,
was a noteworthy event of interest alike
to our citizens and the naval authorities
of the world. Besides the beneficial and
far-reaching effect on our personal and
diplomatic Telations In the countries
which the fleet visited, the marked suc
cess of the ships in steaming, around thei
world in all weathers 'in schedule time
has Increased respect' for our navy and
has added to our national prestige.
Injunctions Without Notice.
The platform of the successful party In
tthe last election contained the following:
'"The Republican party will uphold at
all times the authority and Integrity of
the courts, state and federal, and will
ever insist thatf theirs powers.. to enforce
their process and protect life, liberty
and property'shajl be preserved inviolate.
We believe, however, that- the rules of
procedure In the federal courts with re
spect to the issuance of the writ of in
junction should be more accurately de
fined by statute and that no injunction
or temporary restraining order should be
issued without notice, except where ir
reparable injury would 'result from delay,
in which case a speedy hearing there
after should be granted."
I recommend that in compliance with
the promise thus made appropriate legis
Jation be adopted. The ends of justice
will best be met and the chief cause of
complaint against ill-considered injunc
tions without notice will be removed by
the enactment of a statute forbidding
hereafter .the Issuing of any Injunction
or restraining order, whether temporary
or permanent, by any federal court,
without previous notice and a reasonable
opportunity to be heard on behalf of the
parties to be enjoined; unless it shall ap
pear to the satisfaction of the court that
the delay necessary to give such notice
and hearing would result in irreparable
injury to the complainant and unless also
the court shall from the evidence make
a written finding, which shall be spread
upon tlte court minutesthat Immediate
and irreparable injury is likely to ensue
to. .the complainant, and shall define the
injury, state why it is irreparable and
shall also indorse on the order Issued the
date and the hour of the IssViance of the
order. Moreover, every such injunction
or restraining order issued without pre
vious notice and opportunity by the de
fendant to be heard should by force of
the statute to expire and be of no effect
after seven'days from the issuance there
of or within any time less than that pe
riod which the court may fix. unless
within the Injunction or order Is ex
tended or renewed after previous notice
and opportunity to be heard.
Second-Class Mail Matter.
The deficit every year in the post
office department is largely caused by the
low rate of postage of one cent a pound
charged on second-class mall matter,
which includes not only newspapers but
magazines ' and -miscellaneous periodicals-.
ine aciuai toss growing out or me trans
mission of this second-class mall matter
at one cent a pound amounts to about
JC3.0W.000 a year. The average cost of the
transportation of this matter is more than
nine cents a pound.
It appears that the average distance ov
er which newspapers are delivered to
their customers Is 291 miles, while the
average haul of magazines . is 1,019, and
of miscellaneous periodicals 1,128 miles.
Thus, the average haul of the magazine
Is three and one-half times and. that of
the miscellaneous periodical nearly four
times the haul of the daily newspaper, yet
all of them pay the same postage rate of
one cent a pound. The statistics of 1907
show that second-class mail matter con
stituted 63.91 per cent, of the weight of
all the mall, and yielded only 5.19 per cent,
of the revenue.
The figures given are startling, and
show the payment 'by the government of
an enormous subsidy to the newspapers,
magazines and periodicals, and congress
may well consider whether radical steps
should not be taken to reduce the deficit
in the postoffice department caused by
this discrepancy between the actual cost
of transportation and the compensation
, exacted therefor.
A great saving might be made, amount
ing to much more than half of the loss
by imposing upon magazines and peri
odicals a higher rate of postage. They
are much heavier than newspapers and
contain a much higher proportion of ad
vertising to reading matter, and the aver
age distance of their transportation is
three and a half times as great.
Postal Savings Banks.
The second subject worthy of mention
in the postoffice department is the real
necessity and entire practicability of es
tablishing postal savings banks.' The suc
cessful party at 'the lost election-, declared
in favor of postal savings banks, and al
though the proposition finds opponents in
many partB of the country, I am con
vinced that the people desire such banks,
and am sure that when the banks are fur
nished they will be productive of the ut
Favors Ship Subsidy.
Following the course of my distin
guished predecessor. I earnestly recom
mend to congress the consideration and
passage of a ship subsidy bill, looking to
the establishment of lines between our
Atlantic seaboard and the' eastern coast
of South America, as well as lines from
the west coast of the United States to
South America. China. Japan and tie
Philippines. The profits on foreign mails
are perhaps a sufficient measure of the
expenditures which might first be tenta
tively applied to this method of Inducing
American capital to undertake the estab
lishment of Amer!canlines of steamships
in those directions in'whlch we now feel
it most important that we should have
means of transportation controlled in the
Interest of the expansion of our trade. A
bill of this character has once passed the
house and more than once passed the
senate, and I hope that at this session a
bill framed on the same lines and with
.the same purposes may become a law.
Conserving National Resources.
In several departments there is present
ed the necessity for legislation looking to
the further conservation of our national
resources, and the subject Is one of such
importance as to require a more detailed
and extended discussion than can be er
teredupon in this communication. Fo
that reason I shall take an early oppor
tunity to send a special message to con
gress on the subject of the Improvement
of -our. waterways, upon the. reclamation
and irrigation of arid, semi-arid, and
swamp lands; upon the preservation of
our forests and the reforesting of suit
able areas; upon the reclassification of
the public domain with a view of sep
arating from agricultural settlement min
eral, coal, and phosphate lands and sites
belonging to the government bordering on
streams suitable for the utilization of
I urgently recommend to congress that
a law be passed requiring that candi
dates In elections of1 members of the
house of representatives and committees
in .charge of their candidacy and cam
paign file In a proper office of the United
States government a statement of the
contributions received and of the expen
ditures Incurred in the campaign for such
elections and that similar legislation be
enacted in respect to all other elections
which are constitutionally within the con
trol of congress.
"I saw a remarkable demonstration
of courage and fortitude this morn
ing." "Some one rescued from a fire?
"More notable than that, even; a man
passed a prepossessing looking wo
man on the street and never turned ta
look after her."
"My new hat is a dream," said the
fashionable woman. "I wish you
wouldn't walk In your sleep to do your
shopping," answered her auabang.
A clean horse is soonest curried.
Better a poor horse than a poor
Chickens kept confined should be
fed a noon meal.
Cheap harness often -proves an ex
A little axle grease applied where
it belongs saves horseflesh.'
Lots of people have automobile aspi
rations and ox team efficiency.
Good ventilation is one of the first
essentials to good health of dairy ani
mals. Good management is the only thing
which will make hens pay a profit
A cold roast for dinner and a hot
roast between meals turns the mills of
the divorce courts.
It should not be one great breed of
horses against another so much as
the well bred against the scrub.
Whenever a large limb Is sawed
from the tree the wound should at
once be covered with wax or thick
Fall plowing that Is well done cuts
the labor of prisrine Uie seed bed
next spring cuts It squarely in two
in my opinion.
Diversified intensive farming is the
only kind that will pay the money
which buys autos and other conve
niences for the farmer.
A few hours' work with a steady
team and a road scraper will save dol
lars worth of manure and leave the
barnyard in dandy shape for the win
When the consumer can rest assured
that his milk won't have dirt and filth
settled in the bottom of the glass
from which he drinks, he will pay
high for his milk.
There is a mistaken notion among
some breeders as tot the value of old
sires among horses and other live
stock. It has been noted that good
stallions if kept right are valuable for
very many years.
Best soil for alfalfa is one with a
surface sufficiently heavy to retain an
abundance of moisture and furnish a
good storehouse for plant food; one
with a fairly deep subsoil sufficiently
porous to allow good underdrainage.
Some of the corn shocks will twi-t
and go down before you are ready to
use them. If such shocks have already
been damaged by rain, husk them out,
place the corn and fodder in small
piles, let dry for two or three days and
then store. If they are left in the
shock both will mould and rot.
Ground limestone Is better than
burnt limestone. Two tons, per acre
may be applied if the soil is rather
acid, but if extremely acid three, four
and even five tons per acre, once in
three or four years. It may be thrown
upon the ground broadcast, and more
of it should be applied on the hills.
It is not necessary to inoculate the
soil for cowpeas, but it is necessary
for soy beans. It is much easier to
inoculate the soil for soy beans than
for alfalfa, but it is just as necessary.
Inoculating once is sufficient; it may
be done by putting a pint of the soil
containing the bacteria in the drill box
and letting it sift out with the seed.
On the majority of soils It is safe
to spread manure in the fall, either
for fall or spring plowing. If
manure has been accumulating around
the barn yard or in the manure k shed
it is a good time now to draw it out
and spread it upon the land. In no
way T does manure give .as large re
turns as when spread on grass land,
and there is no better time than fall.
The fall rains and winter snows will
soak It well into the soil where it
will be -available for t!.e grass roots
when they start in the spring.
Many plow sod in the fall for po
tatoes, sowing the field to rye, which
is turned under in the spring. This
freezes out and kills many of the
grubs which are always found in old
sod. As it is not necessary to plant
potatoes early the rye gets consider
able growth and chokes out all weeds.
It also protects the soil during the
winter. This method makes two plow
ings for one crop, but the advantage
is that the sod rots and the humus is
thoroughly mixed with the soil. The
rye also adds to the fertility and
makes the soil loose, giving the po
tatoes a chance to grow to a large
Look well after the water supply.
Keep all dishes and fountains scrupu
lously clean; at least once a week
give them a good boiling down in wa
ter in which washing soda has been
put and don't neglect this. If any
thing has to be neglected, neglect any
other thing rather than the water sup
ply, for success cannot be attained
without-this important factor in chick
en culture. But where chickens are
raised for profit as well as for pleas
ure nothing should be neglected, but
every little detail carefully attended to.
Ilalf a loaf Is enough for the icniei
Plow to sow, sow to reap, reap to
Cows should never he allowed to go
dry top long.;
Insanitary vessels are a potent
cause of bad butter. .
Service in the field depends upon
the comfort of the horse.
No alfalfa for the orchard. It takes
too much moisture out of the ground.
It is poor economy to try to save
money by having the horse imperfect
' The Incubator giving the least trou
ble is the one kept in the best work
ing condition. ,
In southern New Jersey the weekly
shipment of squabs to market is said
to be more than 7,000.
If the pullets have not commenced
ti make comb they should be espe
cially fed so as to hasten maturity.
It is much easier to prevent the
growth of horns on the heifer calves
than it is to dehorn a grown animal.
Tho dry weather early in the season
wa? just right for turkeys and there
will be a larger crop this fall than
When covering the strawberries,
see that there is little or no grain in
the straw, else you will have trou
ble in tho spring.
Plant diseases and insects can be
kept iu check by keeping the ground
free of fallen fruit, after the orchard
crops have been harvested.
An inexperienced man with a pair
of sharp shears will do more harm
in an orchard in one day than all the
insects combined could do in a year.
The millions of bacteria In the de
composing manure go to work at once
on the grass roots, strengthening
their growth and increasing the hu
mus in the soil.
When manure is applied to grass
lanu it should be spread thinly and
evenly, and there is no way the work
can be done as satisfactorily as with
a manure sprinkler.
The hog population of Ireland, as
reported by the Irish Farming World,
numbers about one to every four in
habitants, that of Denmark about oae
to every two inhabitants.
The great demand of fruit buyers
is for an improved package. The fruit
producer who takes advantage of this
knowledge finds his pains amply re
paid when he compares his returns
with neighbors who do not pay atten
tion to this phase of marketing.
There is nothing, which can be put
into the "ground, which will yield
greater financial returns than Catal
pa Speciosa, though there has been
no greater source of loss and disap
pointment, than the attempts to se
cure the advantages of its growth.
A farmer of lone experience has
recommended this prescription for
horses afflicted with rheumatism: Two
drams carbonate of potash dissolved
iu a pint of water and mixed with feud
daily. Alcohol diluted with one-half
water applied to affeeted joints twice
daily. n ....jiiaiU
Don't offer much advice to the man
who is up in the world; he doesn't
care for it. Don't offer advice to the
man who is down; it is not what he
needs. Advice is good, so is assist
ance, but they are often criss-crossed
It is a poor way to plow the soil and
w it Hf without working before Dlant-
Ing, so that it dries out and cannot be
got into good condition. If the ground
Is plowed in tne xaii we snomu regit
upon It as early as possible in the
spring and cultivate or disk it several
times, so as to start and kill several
crops of weeds, and this will also put
the soil in good condition.
By the end of that time the land Is
exhausted, the yields are low and the
farmers are poor. The change to a di
versified system of farming should
never be deferred until the bind is
run out. In most of the regions men
tioned above, characterized by single
crop systems of farming, the change
to more diversified and more conserv
ative types of farming that Is, types
more conservative of soil fertility
has been more or less completely
Tho fnllnwinir ctatpmnnt will be re-
) . .
ceived without question: "liy giving
pigs access to a clover pasture in ad
dition to ground corn, water, and
mineral matter, during the first three
months of a six months' feeding
period, they made 2.7 times as much
gain fc live weight a3 was made by
the pigs that bad ground corn, water,
and mineral matter, but no clover.
Cloven is a nitrogenous roughage and
among other considerations furnishes
protein, which In the above case en
abled the pigs to make much larger
and also much more economical
The floor in the horse barn is of
very great importance. The dirt floor
by most horsemen is considered to be
ideal in most respects. There seems
to be something beneficial to the
horse to permit him to lie close to the
soil. Then it makes a softer floor to
stand on7 than any other. However,
the dirt floor becomes objectionable
on account of its damp condition un
less the drainage is exceptionally
good. A well-drained dirt floor that is
kept covered with a plentiful supply
of bedding is without doubt the ideal
floor for a horse barn.
In the production of baby beef the
stockman should always remember
that the young animal makes quicker
and cheaper gains than the older one;
consequently, the young steer should
be kept pushed to his normal limit
every day of his - life.
Staple Remedy That Anyone Can Pre
pare at Home
Most people are more or less sub
ject to coughs and colds. A simple
remedy that will break up a cold
Quickly and euro any cough that is
curable is made by mixing two ounces
of Glycerine, a half-ounce of Virgin
OH of Piae compound pure and eight
ounces of pure Whisky. You can get
these in any good drug store and eas
ily mix them in a large bottle. Tee
mixture is highly recommended "by
the Leach Chemical Co. of Cincinnati,
who prepare the genuine Virgin Oil of
Pine compound pure for dispensing.
A Risky Thing.
-I think 111 go home."
- "But it's only 11 o'clock, old man."
"Well, there's nothing doing at the
"I know; but consider. Once I
went home at 11 o'clock and caate
near establishing a dangerous prece
dent." This Will Interest Mathers.
Mother Gray's Sweet Powders for Chil
dren, used by Mother Gray, m nurse ta
Children's Home. New York, cure Consti
pation. Feverishness. Teethls Disorders.
Stomach Troubles and Destroy Wornat:
S0.0M testimonials of cares. All druggists.
Be Sample FREE. Address Allen 8.
Olmsted, Le Roy. N. T.
Flattery is turned to good accoaat
when used as a guldepoat to all one
ought to be. Sample.
A Man Says of
AS A CURE FOR CONSTIPATION
"Gained six pounds in four wrecks
and they are working every dav."
(Name on request.)
A delightful breakfast disk and
"does the work." '
ASK YOUR GROCER AROUT IT
HE CERTAINLY KNOWS
U. S. B. F. Ce,
A Personal Question
TW aula taiag wkn feeaUs b
ceifcstaedit aawt be geed cscwe.
Tear whale day acpeaas ea year
twriac Faxlea's Gas Reatfee If
yea weald fed year best.
Gas Roasted Coffee
cantata ae Utter berries te aael
year cap ef geei cheer.
Boots and Arctics
Rod 40 PriPtt
Itv x70 the
Made lll Same
Do joa wast toe Heal Cora SbeUersads) If t
tUISEILLES Mil SMELLEI
Writ tor catalog or Me yoar local daaler.
JOHN DEERE PLOW CO., OMAHA
lrVELDING this rJii all broka
8ERTSCHV MOTOR CO.. Council Bluffs.
J. E. WALLACE, Tariesnaist aes Farrier
MM Lake Street OMAHA, NCR.
TAR'S DENTAL ROOMS
1517 DNtlK St., tlUUU. RES.
Reliable DmllHrj at I
to HVf price.
Hwritmn. cksa or Una pa.
ita. Rented, rent applies. We abb
where for tree examln&tioa. No d
t- Wrii. f Mc tenant IUt ea-t oCr
Mwi CeS1 11m
Of alt va
cared ia a
few days without a surgical operation
or detention from business. Ko pay
will be accepted until the pattest Is
completely satisfied. Write or call oa
FHANTZ H. VMY, R.
tdtaaoSBMBMs.. " Osahs.irea
When He Takes
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H Sr jpBSBS-Mt Rt ReMal RsjRMRI GRRRwBbM RW OBw H
etcmTTW atfUsf. Kb a far ! ilis
fl steal Mil il fnetiln af in llillt 111 Imw
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