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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 10, 1909)
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A MATTER OF GEOGRAPHY.
"We are bow exactly 1.000 feet
above the level of the sea."
L "The guide-book .doesn't say."
"Just think of It! One person la
every 37 in England Is a pauper!"
"Why. John," she returned, "it Isn't
so. I met more than 37 people in
Ixtndon last summer, and there wasn't
a pauper in the lot!"
I, .I., I,, .......
If you wish to be
A delightful food made
from wheat and flax na
ture's own remedy.
Ask your grocer
It CtrtaMy Katvs
:k oa want Um- Brat Corn libeller made? It to.
insUton navlng a
MMSEILLES COM SMELLER
Write far catalog or see your local dealer.
JOHN DEERE PLOW CO., OMAHA
jgS TYPEWRITERS LAKE.
JSaaanaw1- HtoHMtrmpttm. Caen or tltnepay
SnannnaanV tents. Heated, rant tDnlln. WeahlB
for free eaamlnaUon. No de
it. Write fer M( targal. lUt ui afhr
TAFTS DENTAL ROOMS
1517 tapa St., tiuu, in.
Beliable Dentistry at
Af ELDINC? tuts process all broken
' -utrth ol machinery made pood as new. Welds
cast Iron.cast steel, alamlnnm, copper, bras or
any other metal. Exprtautomobilereairin.
BERTSCHV MOTCR CO.. Council Bluffs.
war a 1JTtTrI xnerleneod Salesmen to sell fine
YWAlM.MUlM Una advertising calendars, wall
udulf, tissues, fans, purses, pocketliook. menio'h,
sail azutclottieaaUi aprons; bond required, cumiuls
Junfc iiaJd wewy. If Incrporlejiccd don't reply un
ions yon rare Implicit oonndenci) of yours.uwes.
U-mln entity SiwlMg Cm., IMS a be, Umb, efc.
TAe Raefwaltk th Lop m mw ,
Aff af Hearfs Protected
fin! wW Firm RUtin
Ask your dealer or
SUKDEILAND lOOFOiG ft SUPfLT CO.
Omaha. i : : t t Nebraska.
Of all va
cured in a
(rwAayiwHhMt a ennrleal operation
r detection from business. No pay
will tic accepted nntll the paUeat it
vompletel satisfied. Write or call ou
linc TJM (1WT
itatsunau" it will
yon tb. poatifeWUea of
XUbbonx. gloves, fur,
nerktlea. pi urnes, cor-
aets. allppera. skirts.
Jackets, waists, flair.
veils, crercoati. angora rag, bath robes, mattresses,
blankets, pillows, silk underwear, parasols, feather
twas, unifomaE, lodce paraphernalia, billiard table
corerK, I&oe bedspreads, muffs, for rags and mount
ings, lecftBc, sweaters, bats, bath rugs, oriental
rues, fancy work, iand corers, carriage robes,
party dresses, opera coats, laon curtains, fancy
Tests, snawla, HnRerie, men s suits, cushions, Ix-ar
and tiger mat, taudioe and hundreds of other tblmrs.
We have the largest clranlrgard dyeing estal
!ishmcntlntewest. 10,080 feet of rliMrspace:ca
acity.XMagarmeats per day. Members National
Association of Cleaners and Dyers. Kzpresag
paid one way toaay polntlnU. H. Callorwrito
J. C. WOOD Jt CO.
.Street 1521 Hmri Street
1 sand of peo
ple cured by us.
make us the most ex
In the west in all dis
eases and aliments of
men and women ao
matter bow acquired,
A Letter to' us, or a
visit at oeroSce will
rM and Consults
" tlon. Write
for Symption blank.
GmS i Bj
QwMtfy Cwrm WhaumaUs Mnav Ala
Boots and Arctics
Best (j& Prices
Made liP7 Same
JOtEIGHT STATION AT PU L AC AYO; BOLIVIA
S A RESULT of having lost its Pacific
seaboard province of Antofagasta, follow
ing the war with Chile in 1879, Bolivia
found itself shut off from the sea and de
pendent upon its neighbors for an outlet
to the great world.
Great as was the blow to national
pride, for the Bolivians felt the loss of
Antofagasta more keenly .than even the'
French that of the Rhine provinces, and
serious as was the loss to the" national
treasury of the revenues derived from
the rich nitrate fields of the lost province,
yet the blow was perhaps less heavy than
the Bolivians themselves then thought.
It changed entirely the country's eco
nomic outview and pushed it forward into lines of de
velopment which in all probability would otherwise
have been delayed for many years. Even prior to 1879
the nitrate fields were for the most part owned by for
eigners, the Bolivians themselves being engaged in gold
and silver mining. But the taxes from nitrate produc
tion paid in a large measure the expenses of gov
ernment and with the loss of this revenue the
state was forced into consideration of the eco
nomic development of the country in other lines
than gold and silver production alone.
The settled part of Bolivia wa3 then and is
to a large extent yet, that high table-land, one of
the most spacious and elevated plateaux to be
found on the globe, which lies between the west
ern and the eastern Andes. This table-land ex
tends from about the Argentine border in the
south into Peru ou the northwest, and is from
60 to 150 miles in width.
On the Chilean border the western Cordillera
is in reality less a mountain range
than a line of huge cliffs. The table
land is itself 12,000 to 13,000 feet
above sea level and slopes gradually
2,000 or 3.000 feet up to the crest of
the western hills and then falls away
abruptly nearly three miles down.
15,000 feet, to the desert land lying
between the foot of this immense line
of cliffs and the Pacific ocean. To
the east of the table-land lies the
high Andes, the 'Cordillera Real, ris-
ing in Illampu. Illimani, Ancochuma
and Sajama over 21,000 feet. North,
east and south from the Cordillera
Real the land falls away to the great
Amazon and Parana plains. This
country, three-fourths of BoHvia in
area, is but little settled, but is in
natural resources and soil one of the
richest parts of the world.
It could easily sustain an agricul
tural population greater than the
whole present population of South
The first and most pressing need
to Bolivia is railways. This need was recognized
to a certain extent prior to the war with Chile.
As far back as June, 1863, the national assembly
authorized the president to enter into contracts
for the building of railways, and in 1868 a con
cession was granted to a citizen of the United
States to build a railway from Cobiji to Potosi
with a government guaranty of seven per cent,
on the capital invested. In addition, the conces
sion carried a grant of land one league on each
side of the line. A number of other concessions
were made in 1869.1873,1874.1877,1878 and 1879.
In 1904 the Bolivian national office of immi
gration and statistics issued a volume of nearly
400 pages containing the acts, decrees and con
cessions in aid of railways, covering the years
1880 to 1904. Every effort was made by the gov
ernment during this period to induce capital to
invest in railway construction in the country.
Perhaps nowhere else in the world were such in
ducements held out by any country to secure the
end sought as by Bolivia, following the termina
tion of the war with Chile. These inducements
were offers of land, mines, exemption from taxa
tion and customs duties, government guaranties,
financial aid and exclusive privileges. But unfor
tunately for Bolivia the offers were not made in
the right quarter. In its eagerness to secure re
sults, concessions were granted to and contracts
made with the most irresponsible parties, in
many cases mere adventurers without capital or
influence. The net result was naturally to retard
rather than to help railroad construction.
In 1904 all that Bolivia had to show in rail
ways as a result of 40 years' legislation and in
numerable contracts were the Gu'aqui and the
Antofagasta roads. The former gave an outlet
from La Paz to Lake Titicaca, whence passengers
and freight were transported across the lake by
boat to the Peruvian port of Puno and thence by
the Peruvian railway to Kollehdo on the Pacific.
The total length of the road from Alto of La
Go to aay good preacripUoB
gist aad get the following and mix
them: If he does not have these la
gradieats he will get thea from hi
Ob oamce compoaad syrup of
SaraapariUa. and ose ounce Torts com
pound.. Add these to a half plat of
first-class whiskey, and use a table
sooaful before each meal and at bed
time. -The bottle must be well shakes,
each time. This simple remedy Is
one of the most effective, known. The
restorative action will be felt after
the first few doses.
The Last Resort.
"They're going to increase the tax
on beer!" "Then we won't drink any."
"And they're going to increase the tax
on spirits." "Then we wonjt drink
any." "And they're going to tax
wine." "Then we won't drink any."
-And they're going to tax inheri
tances!" "Then" let's drink up our
'Wt - - W'W4
. & --
cklae in the Faaallr Stae laekae
3 - W-g-P -g!' " (STMl
nujs, oy a g g?
anas soowiaa a
Wigg Scribbler's stories
such sad endings.
VVagg Yes, they generally find their
way into the wastebaskeL Philadel
PKKRY DAVIS PAINK1X.1.EB
bas Bo substitute. No other remedy Is so eScctive
for rheumatism, lumbago, (stiffness, neuralgia or
cold of aay sort. Put up in 25c, i and Mc bottles.
Some people's cast-off happiness,
tike their cast-off clothes, would make
some other people very happy.
It's the judgment of many smokers that
Lewis' Single Binder 5c cigar equek ib
quality most 10c cigars .
If a man is a liar it is useless to
tell him so. He knew it all the time.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate and Inyto.
orate stomach. Urer and bowels. Btifr agstsd.
tiny, granules, easy to take. Do not gripe.
Procrastination is the thief of maay
a good time.
t or catsosasrs to aw
fen fl illlnBlall
get the aeeacy ia jeer tontf
ajelrkiy teas yon may
Turlock Irrigation District
OPPOBTUNrnES rrnsurpaeeed. A-t land.
ABUNDANT WATER at low rase. Healthful
Climate. Everythinjr Grows. Strawberries at
Christmas. No Shelter Necessary for stock on
coldest dav or night. The DAIRYMAN'S PAR
ADISE. Write for ILLUSTRATED BOOKLKT.
. TURLOCK MM OF TRMKw Tertock. Cat.
clusively settle all the questions arising
therefrom, that on October 20, 1904, at San
tiago, plenipotentiaries of the two countries
signed the treaty of peace and friendship
which put a final end to all disputes between
Bolivia and Chile and secured in addition
concessions to the former.
In the preceding year, 1903, was signed
the treaty of Rio de Janeiro with Brazil.
Under this treaty an exchange of territories
between the two countries was effected. Bo
livia acquired on. the southeast the strip of
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Taeyregeiata tee awila.
They else relieve Die
A perfect rem
edy fer Dtnisese, Nan-
e Ttmgee. JPeia in the
SUe, TOBPTD UTXB.
6miiA Melt Boar
In great variety
for sale at the lowest arlecs hy
m i lavasawae !
JalaBlw I 9 every home.. Tour proSt WS
stratlon mekesa sale la
mit. Towr nmSt SS.
N. Stormesa 0 MmneesoUs. SCnn.
far Ooeee with thhi twaad
Arasoa aetag to bay a Plaae or Orgaal If ebsy
tealSaeeaVasaay. Omaha. TheTeegwt
SeatarTV naaos aadOcgaa. la the Meat sad
SGIGft CWIWN, IJIttlfSwCIETT
Xmm WHTN H HANS. IMAIS
awr gtvea away ahsMatary ere y
CM aay- Writs aow tor as nflsrs
POTBIO wmmni wtmr
rly m aawat rfcees aad Or-
gaaiSsassactlVOSB. nmm wj .
tit BHMtt Ctapeiy. OHhi
territory lying between its boundary and the
Paraguay river, and Brazil acquired Bolivia's
claim to the Acre region on the northeast. The
latter territory being considered the more valu
able, Brazil stipulated to pay a cash indemnity
of 2,000,000 sterling.
These two treaties were of immense conse
quence to Bolivia: first, in relieving her from
the old railway and mining entanglements; sec
ond, in securing the construction of the Arica
La Paz railway; third, through the loan of Chi
lean credit in internal railway construction; and.
fourth, in providing a cash fund of 2,300,000
with which to guarantee or to begin the actual
construction of the trunk lines.
Following the ratification of the treaties ne
gotiations were opened with prominent European
and American capitalists and on May 19, 1906,
a contract was signed with the National City
bank and Speyer Sc Co., of New York. The con
tracts was signed in La Paz by a representative
of the concessionaires and additional stipulations
were made on May 22.
Under article III of the contract the conces
sionaires oblige themselves within a period of
10 years to construct the following railway sys
tems: (a) From Oruro to 'Viacha, with a branch to
the river Desaguadero, connecting with the Arica,
line. -''" ,0"V
(b) From Oruro to Cochabamba.
(c) From Oruro to Potosi.
(d) From Potosi to Tupizi, by Caisa and Cata
gaita. (e) From Uyuni to Potosi.
(f) From La Paz to Puerto Pando.
All .of these roads are to be one-meter gauge
except the last two mentioned, which, in the dis
cretion of the concessionaires, may be of 75 cen
.The cost of the railways is estimated at 5,-
500,000 sterling, including 1,200,000 allowed for
bear six per cent, interest and the in
terest will not be guaranteed by the
government. The second-mortgage or
income bonds run for 25 years, bear
five per cent, interest and. are a sec
ond lien on the roads.
Under an agreement made in Lon
don in 1907 by the Antofagasta and
Bolivia Railway Company, which is a
British corporation, and Speyer e:
Co., the Antofagasta Railway Com
pany agreed to guarantee the inter
est on the line from Oruro to Viacha
and in addition to make a payment
to the concessionaires for a majority
of the line's stock. This agreement
made necessary the law, mentioned
above, signed by President Montes
on December 1, 1908. The purpose
of this agreement is to make the new
lines serve as feeders to the Antofagasta line in
stead of playing the part of competing lines, as
would have been the case had the original pro
gram of construction been carried out.
The Oruro to Potosi line of the original plan '
would partly parallel the Antofagasta line. It is
very probable that a complete merger of the in
terests of the Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway
Company and the American concessionaires will
aaffci IrM vim iiHIOOr
naetiCasfc. aisflnlaW Free sample
W. N. U-, OMAHA, NO. 48-190J.
neaaVm Serenas Panel n?Sh
A STOUT THING
7 As we get older the blood becomes sluggish, the mus
cles and joints stiffen and aches and pains take hold
easier. Sloan's Liniment quickens the blood, limbers
up the muscles and joints and stops any pain or ache
with astonishing promptness.
Proof that it b Best for IQieniiiatiflni.
Mrs. Daniel H. Diehl, of Mann's Choke, R.F.D., No. i. Pa writes:
Please send me a bottle of Sloan's Liniment for rheamaUsai aad stiff joists.
It is the best remedy I ever knew for I cant do withoat it."
Abo for Stiff Joints.
Mr. Milton Whxblex, 2100 Morris Ave., Krauaghasi. Ala, writes :
I am glad to say that Sloan's liniment hasdoae aw snore good for etsf
joints than anything I have ever tried."
PaztoGuaqul on Lake Titicaca was 87 kilometers , jthe"a Pax-Puerto Pando line.
(54 miles). The gauge was one meter (39.37 m 5Te, concessionaires are authorized to issue
inches) and the rails weighed 18 kilograms per Jwlf classes of bonds first mortgage and second
meter about 12 pounds per foot. mortgage, or income bonds. The first mortgage
The Antofagasta, Bolivia's first railway,, had a 'bonds, which are a first lien are authorized to
total mileage of 925 , kilometers (573 miles), a the amoant- of 3,700,000 sterling, bear' five 'per
gauge of 75 centimeters (29.53' inches) and rails . cent Interest and are payable in 20 years. The
weighing 17.40 kilograms per meter, or about interest for .20 years is guaranteed by the gov-
11 pounds per foot.
"It was not until 25 years after the outbreak-of
the war with Chile and 20 years after the signing
of the agreement of April 4.1884, which marked
the close of that war, although it did not con-
ernment of Bolivia ,
- A- farther issue of additional first mortgage
bonds to the amount of 2,000,000 sterling Is
authorised in case the sum of 5,500,000 proves
insufficient to build the lines. These bonds will
Miss Burden was not devoid of good sense, but
she had brooded over her neighbor's treatment of
her until it seemed both intolerable and lawless. It
involved a question of shares in the privileges of
a certain spring of water and of rights in a certain
path, and disagreement over these had led to
other differences, small and large, until the main
issue seemed hopelessly confused.
Finally Miss Burden resolved to consult a law
yer, to ascertain if there might not be comforting
relief for her feelings in a lawsuit. When a wom
an's ..exasperation, reaches the point where she is
ready to resort to the law, she is to be dreaded,
and Miss Burden went to Lawyer Fairman's office
with a long and spirited story of her wrongs.
Unfortunately for :her plan.-thesewrongs were
rather 'of word than of deed, and7 rather of fancy
than of record. What the neighbor wanted to do
and talked about doing, and even what he meant
to do at some future time, did not greatly impress
Mr. Fairman. He gently suggested to the angry
client that her mood was unjustified by what had
actually happened. and concluded bis advice with
some words which she never forgot.
"Don't go to law, my dear lady, until you have
some facts to take with you. Law by itself Is a.
poor friend; but a fact's a stout thing a fact's a'
The country lawyer's wisdom is sound philoso
phy for every day in the year. Fancy gives birth
to a long train of children, good and. bad, and they
'all" have legs and arms of characteristic slender-,-
liess and a, grasp on life too gentle to be control
" ling. Set them in line of battle and Master Fact,-
wAlt arattor thptn nil llk rlrv lpavpn fnr in.rlcteil
- . .T" .- . . . t '..-.- ';
ana in trutn a iact.is a stout tning: xouurs jom
is the qiickest and best remedy for Rheuma
tism, Sciatica, Toothache, Sprains, Bruises
and Insect Stings.
Price 25e 60c, and $14)0 a All Deaden.
sad f er SloeS ee Beek em afeeeee. AiiienS
DR. EARL S. SLOAN BOSTON, MASS.
The construction of the new Cam.
panile at Venice is proceeding apace,
aad 1911 should see its completion. It
has been fortunate in being relieved
of ail pecuniary embarrassment a
fate which oar tottering cathedrals
have not avoided aad the originally
estimated 72,000 and later calcu
lation of 80.000 have already been
r -.. niiT with a comfortable
surplus for emergencies. The new
Campanile will resemble the old ia
appearance, though Iroa clamps and
girders will is reality stake it en
tirely safe. The only proposed altera
tion is the removal of a pillar which
stood In the center of the tower, la
favor of a passenger lift. For the
most part, too old associaUoaa are being
ing preserved, the stone being quar
ried in Istria, the cesteat coming
ixom Moatferrat, the sand from
Brenta places all famous ia Vene
tian history. Magnificent work is be
ing done, an excellent example of re
constructive skill being the piecing to
gether ef the Madonna .of Saasovlno,
which was found samashed into nearly
2,000 fragments. 80, owing to the
generosity of the art patrons of Bo
rope in general and the pope in par
ticular, the Campanile wlU soon reas
sert its domination.
Prosperity on the farm means plenty
of money ia circulation everywhere.
Just ss Bad.
Courtesy over the telephone Is a vir
tue, aad it'a just ss offensive to the
girl at the switchboard to be called a
Dutch mutt as it would be to he told
that her hat isn't on straight Hart
trf coffee voa ever elraak? R
PAX1WS GAS ROASTED COFFEE
tie tfeErioQS flavor mA arvitie frinfci of
Faxtxjm's Gat Roasted it alwayt
Try Femxton next time yov bay.
B ' T"fT ' eman
20b. muuwawmnmmmei as maammm ammmm ga
e. SeelfyowrirocerAmsM pew
CS aawmwMawaswawaaem rT"
r ear Opinion of Countrymen.
One of the great intellects of Eng
land has stated that not above 60,000
people in all Britain can read aad un
derstand the ordinary London newspaper.
A rTTBW p
wt ttsi not m StcaeSjB
Millions Say So
When mimoaet of paopfe for
People who knowCASCAJUtTS'
value bay over as3Hoti boats a
month. ...Ufa tha biggest aasW be
cause kit the best bowel en ervar
assfcrne ever auade. No matter
what you're tumg, mst try CAS-CARETSMW-you'nSe.
--rpa;-grfe4i.;c?rT-r, , , ,
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