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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1909)
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THE COMING CONTEST.
The campaign of 1910 in Nebraska
is rare to center on the question of
county option. The close vote on the
question in the senate taken the other
day, indicates that county option is
not strictly a partisan question. One
of the leaders of the option idea in the
senate frankly admitted that the only
object in making the question an issue
was to take a step forward in the
direction of absolute prohibition. The
senator who made the admission is one
of the leaders of the republican party
in northeast Nebraska and claims to
represent the sentiment of his party
throughout the state. If the republi
cans of Nebraska are really in favor
of prohibition, why try and deceive
the people by raising the cry of coun
ty option. If the next republican
state convention declares for county
option, the question then becomeePa
part'ftfin issue. The history of the
prohibition movement in northern
states has always been detrimental to
republican success, and resulted in a
victory for, democrats, while prohibi
tionists who affiliate with the demo
cratic party are sincere in the stand
they take, yet when it comes to voting
for candidates invariably they stand
for their party nominees, while repub
licans, who are opposed to prohibition,
vote for democrats in preference to the
nominees of their own party when
prohibition is an issue. Prohibition
split the republican party in Kansas,
Iowa, North and South Dakota, and
it was not until the party abandoned
the-prohibition issue that it was allow
ed' to return to power. If the option
ists in the "republican party insist on
making prohibition an issue in Ne
braska, and force the party to endorse
their views, it would mean the election
of a democrat to succeed Senator
Burkett, and the election of a demo
cratic governor and other state officers
A CASE OF TAINTED MONEY.
The announcement that JosieMans
ield, seventy years old, is living in
poverty near Watertown, South Da
kota, recalls a tragedy almost forgot
ten by the present generation. Forty
years ago, Josie Mansfield, then an
actress, was alluded to as the hand
somest woman in America. The
prominence of Josie Mansfield as an
adventuress commenced from the 24th
day of September, 1869, known in the
, history of Wail street as "Black Fri
day." At that time there was in the
banks of New York City $15,000,000
in gold coin, which had a market
value of $1.30. Jim Fisk and Jay
Gould formed a "corner" to advance
the price of gold and succeeded in
running it to $1.60, when Boutwell,
secretary of the treasury, ordered the
sale of several million of dollars of
:gold in the sub-treasury and broke the
"corner." Gold dropped twenty per
cent in five minutes, but Fisk and
Gould managed to carry off eleven
millions of dollars by fraudulent
lipulations. Soon after this, Fisk
the. acquaintanca of Josie
Mansfield, and with the money made
ob Black Friday gave her a brown
atone front on Fifth Avenue, pur
chased hec'iamoMds-lknd supported
far in luxury. Fisk's liberality in
other directions was equally as lavish.
When the Chicago fire occurred and
an appeal to the country for aid was
made, Fisk sent an express train load
ed with provisions to the homeless and
starving. In the fall of 1871, Edward
Stokes, a prominent, society man of
New York and a former admirer. of
Josie Mansfield, shot Fisk dead in a
New York hotel. Stokes, after three
trials, was sentenced to a term of three
years in Sing Sing. He died a, few
years ago. And now the woman, who
became the beneficiary of the proceeds
of Fisk's gambling speculations in
Wall Street, and wbe was in a meas
art responsible for Fisk's death and
prison sentence, is dying in
friendless and almost
The case of Josie Mansfield
where ."tainted" money did
prove a curse.
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to atoa task aid at wall at that saw addma.
TO DETHRONE BRYAN.
Two years ago a repabliaaa legisla
ture made" good every promise made
in the platform the ML previous. Not
a single plank was ignored, not a pro
Contrast the present legislature with
the republican legislature of two years
ago, and what do yon find, Mr. Voter?
The record up to the present time has
been a failure. Not a single promise
at this writing has been held sacred.
On the other hand certain alleged re
forms, which the Democratic press and
democratic orators, including Bryan.
and Shallenberger, solemnly promised
would be enacted into laws, have
actuallv been repudiated some of
them by committees and others slaugh
tered in the house and senate by the
men who stood pledged in their favor.
But promises have not been, the only
things repudiated and ignored.' The
action of the democratic members indi
cate that they have become tired' of
Bryan and made up their mind to
dethrone him as leader in Nebraska.
Although he dictated the state plat
form adopted by the democratic con
vention last summer, and has been a
persistent lobbyist for some of the
freak planksm that platform, and for
personal legislation in harmony with
his peculiar ideas, he has been turned
down so completely that "Tie feels
humiliated, and appears to realize that
he has lost prestige among the faithful
who have cheered for every paramount
issue and new idea he has inflicted
upon his party. In all' his twenty
years of political activity in Nebraska,
Bryan has always been for Bryan.
He has beat down all opposition to his
schemes within the ranks of his own
party and kept safe and sane men
from even attempting to have a voice
in the councils of the party. He has
called to his support a lot of slobber
ing admirers who' have that childlike
simplicity of the boy who believed
that "its so if 'taint so if ma says so."
But every politician, like the cham
pion prize fighter, has his day, and
Mr. Bryan's day as the brutal boss of
the democratic party of Nebraska is
drawing to a close. Hitchcock, Shal
lenberger and other democrats, who
have been like faithful dog trays in
following their master, have turned at
last. They realized several years ago
that the Peerless One assumed to pos
sess all the statesmanship of his party,
but the blinded followers of the three
times defeated' candidate for president
could not be sidetracked from follow
ing the bell sheep of the democratic
herd, and so Hitchcock, Shallenberger
and other brainy men in the party
discretely mingled with the common
herd, waiting for an opportunity to
prick the inflated champion of many
isms and let the wind out of his polit
ical sails. The election last fall of
Shallenberger for governor, and the
unlooked for victory of Hitchcock,
placed before the party two new polit
ical stars. The victory of the former
was especially significant, as it was no
secret that Tom Allen, Bryan's brother-in-law,
and chairman of Undemo
cratic state central committee, would
have been glad to have seen Shallen
berger defeated, for he realized that
the democratic nominee would become
a political power in the state and
eclipse the popularity and influence of
Bryan. Allen's fear appears to have
been realized. Governor Snellen
berger's influence is making itself felt
in his party, and he and Congressman
Hitchcock appear to have united in an
effort to wrest the leadership of the
party in Nebraska from the man who
has always used it for his own per
sonal advancement and profit.
There is a good sized tow brewing
in the ranks of the party, and the par
tisans of the one, time popular leader
have opened a campaign of abuse
against members of the legislature who
refuse longer to crawl along the
SNEAKED BACK TO OMAHA.
The day the vote on county option
was taken in the senate, Elmer
Thomas, of Omaha, member of the
state Anti-Saloon League, was pres
ent It will be rememberedthat last
fall, prior to election, Mr. Thomas and
several other prominent members of
the Anti-Saloon League, entered into
a conspiracy with Jim Dahlman to
throw the votes of prohibitionists to
Shallenberger in order to defeat Shel
don. The deal was successful, and
thousands of prohibitionists in, York,
Boone,' Lancaster Polk and other
counties went to the polls and voted as
Thomas. dictated. The presence of
Thomas ' in Lincoln, gave Senator
Meyers of Bock county, who voted in
favor of county option, an opportunity
to express his opinion of the Omaha
"reformer" and other members of the
League who worked with him to
defeat Sheldon. The attack of the
senator from Bock was unexpected
and created a iwmitina. Thomas
sneaked out of the senate chamber and
hurried to the depot and boarded the
first train leaving for Omaha.
It is alleged that Thomas received
pay for his dirty work in the cam-'
paign, but his friend, Dahlman denies
There are' democratic insurgents in
the legislature. The men who are
in favor of accepting the Carnegie
pension fund are so designated by the
.followers of Mr. Bryan. Here isa list
of the house insurgents who refuse to
be dictated to by Mr. Bryan and voted
to accept the fund: Bowman, Bushee,
Boyd, Carr, Chab, Clark, Cooperider,
Dolegal, Evans, Groves, Harrington,
Hosjodsky, Humphrey,' Kotouc,
Eraus, Scheele, Taylor and Thomas.
All the republicans, with the exception
of one, voted to accept the fund.
Although the 'proposition to accept
the fund was defeated, the vote was
The action of the house cannot be
regarded as a' victory for Mr. Bryan,
in view of the factthat eighteen dem
ocrats who have followed the political
fortunes of the Peerless Boss for many
years turned him down last Friday
and voted in direct opposition to his
stomach growling pleadings. The one
time idol of the democratic party has
a divided house on his hands, and
almost every school -boy has heard
what Abraham Lincoln said of a
FOR REVISION OF THE TARIFF.
For the first time in many years the
public is taking a lively interest in the
tariff question. Politicians and manu
facturers have had more or less to say
about, it, but the mass of the people
have been indifferent They paid
little attention while the McKinley
tariff act was being considered. They
did not ask for it, and for one reason
and another they repudiated it after it
was passed. At the time of the enact
ment of the Wilson and the Dingley
laws the people were thinking of silver
far more than they were of the tariff.
Now the one has passed out of mind
and the other has come to the front
There is a genuine popular demand for
tariff legislation. A newspaper which'
recently tried to find what legislation
its subscribers wished to get from the
Sixty-first Congress ascertained that
what they chiefly wanted was tariff
Another interesting feature of the
situation is that so many manufac
turers are asking for low duties or no
duties on many articles. They are
largely the manufacturers' who want
cheaper raw materials, so that they
may hold or enlarge their trade in
foreign markets, while the ordinary
consumer has a general impression
that he has to pay -more for some arti
cles than he should because of excess
ive tariff duties. These manufacturers
see clearly how the export trade of the
country in manufactures is hampered
and choked by certain duties. They
are valuable auxiliaries in the popular
campaign for- tariff revision a revi
sion of the downward, not of the up
This popular sentiment, which
knows no party, which prevails among
republicans as well as among demo
crats, is something which congress
cannot trifle with. It is something
which the old stagers of the ways and
means committee, who cannot have
forgotten the disastrous political con
sequences of the enactment of an un
popular tariff law, cannot safely ignore.
The bill to be submitted by them to
the house this month will be scanned
more carefully by a greater number of
people than any previous tariff bill.
The country looks for the "tariff bill
drawn in good faith" President Taft
mentioned in his inaugural address.
An attempt at sham revision would be
followed by stormy protests. The
people of small means and they are
the majority ask for a revision that
will lower the cost of'Iiving by reduc
ing the ability of monopolies to put up
pmes. Chicago Tribune.
FREE HIDES, CHEAP SHOES.
It is announced with seeming auth
ority that the House Ways and Means
committee has taken the'duty off hides
and made substantial cuts in the tariffs
on leather and shoes. This is well so
far as it goes, but when the bill reach
es' the conference committee, hides,
leather and shoes should all be put on
the free list And, inasmuch as the
tanners and shoe manufacturers at
least some of the representative opera
tors in these industries have time an j
again declared that they could easily
get along without protection if they
could get free hides, there ought to be
no formidable' obstruction to -placing
these three articles on the" free list,
provided hides are finally put there.
The real beneficiaries practically
the only beneficiaries of the duty on
hides are, the packers. The packers
have made a good many stockmen be
lieve that free hides would reduce the
market price of beef cattle. If it
woaldhave such a result the reduction
would be wholly arbitrary. The cat
tlemen know that the packers have
already reduced the margin of profit
between the cost orraisiag, fattening
and marketing the steer and the sell
ing price of the steer to' such a small
scale that it cannot be made smaller
without seriously menacinr the source
of the packers' supplies. It is a re
markable fact that the profits of cattle
raising are smaller now than when
retail prices for meats were much
lower. And the reason is that the
packers have absorbed the profits of
both the cattle business and the meat
business to such an extent that the
margins are often close on the range
and in the retail shop, even while the
prices Jojconsulners are so high that
the consumption- of meat is rapidly
Take the duty off-hides and make
the packers sell their hides at prices
necessary 'to f compete with imported
skins. That-done, there is no reason
why the tanner should be protected,
for he can' make leather cheaper than
it can be imported. 'And the duty off
leather, take it off shoes" also, for the
American manufacturer, with his im
proved machinery and superior work
manship, and his large and available
supply of leather, can compete without
protection wiih foreign manufacturers.
- Net result: Cheaper shoes for the
people, a slight reduction in the abnor
mal profits of the packers. Kansas
The Carnegie foundation, whose
beneficent help Mr. Bryan and the
democratic members of the Nebraska
legislature are not in favor of accept
ing for this state, was originally organ
ized for the, purpose of granting pen
sions to aged college and university
professors, but it is gradually extend
ing its jurisdiction and broadening its
usefulness. William E. Curtis, a well
known Washington correspondent tells
how each successive report of the
board of trustees shows the results of
its endeavors to improve the standard
of educational institutions in this
The report of Dr.Henry S.Pritchett,
the president, and his associate trus
tees for the year 1908 shows that much
work of importance was accomplished
during the year and that much more
was undertaken. They have entered
a field of investigation and endeavor
which has required attention and
which offers an opportunity for great
In order to enjoy the benefits of the
pension system which Mr. Carnegie
has endowed it is necessary for an ed
ucational institution to maintain a
certain standard of instruction and
scholarship. This has been a suffi
cient inducement for several colleges
already to advance their courses of
study, and others are preparing to
Dr. Pritchett and his associates are
now using their influence to secure
uniform requirements for admission to
college and graduation, an advance in
the standards of professional schools,
and a more generous support for insti
tutions of higher education. They are
also encouraging colleges and univer
sities to adopt and maintain retired
lists for professors, and are agitating
a general system of insurance for the
teachers of the public schools.
These are large tasks and there was
no one to undertake them until the
trustees of the Carnegie foundation
discovered the vital importance of
such reforms to our system of public
These are the tasks for which Ne
braska shows no appreciation. And
the strange thing about it is that not a
single sound argument against the
acceptance of the money has been ad
vanced. This state probably will be
shut out merely because of the mis
taken zeal of a certain eminent gen
tleman whose word his political home
folks blindly follow. Lincoln Star.
Here is the way to quit smoking
(recommended by a man who ailed
to make it work) : Instead of quitting
off short, quit gradually. Don't smoke
in the morning until you can't stand it
any longer. Then smoke a cigar, and
then quit again until you are compelled
to smoke or go crazy. By degrees,
you will learn to do without smoking.
"There's a paint shop around the
corner on First avenue that's just as
full as can be of all sorts of explo
sives," said the east .side woman.
"Naphtha, kerosene, turpentine, and
do you know what else they've got
there? A cross-eyed girl clerk. It's
tempting Providence." New York
A Witty Revivalist.
A revivalist in Carterville enlivens
his addresses with such anecdotes as
this: "An old woman shouted in the
revival. Her husband said: I felt like
going through the floor.' She replied:
'And I felt like going through the
roof.'- Each was attracted home."
Kansas City Star.
Jimmy Knew When to Start.
"My -son Jimmy came home from
school yesterday crying as if his heart
would break. 'For heaven's sake, stop
it, son!' I commanded. Did you yell
that way all the way down, the streetr
N-bo,' he sobbed. 1 started when I got
to th' front m " Cleveland
WESLEY CALLED A VAGABOND.
Grand Jury Dealt Hardly
Founder f Methodism.
The Irish Tear Book for 1908, just
leaved at Dublin, contains a bit of
history concerning John and Charles
Wesley that is not generally known to
Methodism. This account notes that
John Wesley arrived in Dublin on a
Sunday In August, 1747. He had been
preceded by a lay preacher earlier 'in
the same year, whqhad gathered a
society numbering almost 300. These
Wesley describes as "strong in faith."
Of the. Irish he writes, "So civil a
people in general I never saw either
in Europe or America." , Charles
Wesley and other preachers followed
him and the Methodist song 'writer
heard his own tunes sung and whistled
as he went.
Pork city was disturbed in 1748 by
the advent of the new preachers. A.
local ballad singer gains temporary
notoriety as a riot leader. Subsequently
the grand jury declared: "We And
and present Charles Wesley to be a
person of ill-fame, a vagabond and a
common disturber of his majesty's
peace and we pray that he may be
The movement had spread to Ulster
in 1750. At Limerick, in 1752, John
Wesley presided over the first
conference of the preachers. John
Wesley died in .1791, having made
more than two score cross-channel
journeys and having spent six years
ot his life in Ireland, as well as
presiding at all the conferences from
1756 to 1778.
Notwithstanding the steady stream
of emigration the Methodist church in
Ireland has 250 ministers, 358 Sunday
schools, with a total of more than
26,000 pupils and -about 65,000
NOT ENTIRELY TO HIS LIKING.
Guide's Objection to Bear Too Much
Alive for Comfort.
Miss Geraldine Parrar, at a luncheon'
in her honor in Philadelphia, marveled
at the American hotel manager's dis
like of the dog.
"No one objects to a nice little dog
abroad," she said, "but over here they
fear a dog' as much as Pete Wilson
"But that is a story a bear story
and I must begin at the beginning.
"A party of easterners went bear
hunting in California. Pete Wilson
led the party, and day and night he
boasted of his skill as a bear killer.
They got no bear on the hunt, and
Pete grieved terribly.
"'This is good enough grub,' he
would say, as he pitched into a cold
can of preserved meat, 'but the finest
meal in the world, in my opinion, is a
bear steak, grilled to a turn over a log
"'Gimme bear,' Pete growled one
day. 'Gimme a good bear brile. I'm
gettin sick of this canned stuff.'
"'Look out!' cried a neighbor.
"There's a bear right behind you
"Pete gave one look. It was- a bear,
sure enough. He turned very pale, and
bounded off into the woods.
" 'We thought you liked bear?' they
said sarcastically to him on his return
" 'So I do,' said Pete, 'but that f el lei
wasn't well enough done.' "
That Kentuckians have a very high
regard for their native state is illus
trated by this anecdote told by one
Once a Kentuckian died. So a near
relative went to the local tombstone
artist to arrange about an inscription
on the deceased's tombstone.
After due cogitation the near relative
"Carve on it: 'He's gone to a bettei
"I'll carve "he's gone to heaven,' if
you want me to," remarked the tomb
stone artist, "but, as for that other in
scription there's no better place than
Women of the Future.
Mrs. Annie Nathan Meyer in one
jof the February magazines says that
women, like negroes, proud of. their
emancipation, have been trying to dc
the things that men do, rushing into
'already overcrowded professions, in
order to be indifferent seconds. She
thinks it is now time to Xtop, and
that women and negroes should stick
to the things they did in the past
She wants to know why pounding i,
typewriter should be considered more
intellectual work than beating an ome
let. As women adjust themselves tc
the new conditions the despised home
will take on a new dignity.
Will Reform The Turks.
Princess Fatima el Melmed, wife of
a Turkish prince, is busy in forming
a league of Turkish women, the mem
bers of which are to pledge them
selves not to marry men who take
more than one wife. She was smug
gled out of the harem several years
ago, went to Berlin and studied the
woman question. She was cast off by
her husband and father and had a
hard time to support herself, but
when she was nearly starved to death
the revolution broke out and she was
allowed to return to her own country
Bound to Be a Success.
Smiley I see the women of Su
burbia have adopted a sure method of
securing a circulating library.
Banks How is that?
Smiley Why, they've made a rule
that every time a woman says a mean
thing about any of her neighbors she
has to contribute a cent to the library
fundi Illustrated Sunday Magazine.
More Than Figurative.
"Alas," sighed Weary Wiggles, gaz
ing dejectedly upon his torn and tat
tered trousers, "I'm afraid these here
pants is on their last legs!" Lippin
cott's. Work of Jungle Monarch In India.
A year's death rate from tigers in In
dia numbers 698 human beings and
nearly 29,000 head of cattle.
Long Life ef Cocoanut Palm.
the Brazilian cocoanut palm Uvea
Bran ig aim's
Columbus - - Nebraska
r Will be held on the
Monday, March 15 1909
Monday, March 29, 1909
Monday, April 12, 1909
Monday, April 26, 1909
I always have from 200 to 250 horses for
every sale, besides a number of good spans
of mules and farm mares, and have sold
every horse that was in condition at every
sale this season. Parties selling horses in
my sales should be in by 10 o'clock in order
to get them listed.
Anyone wishing to get their names on
my mailing list can have it by sending me
your name and address.
How Lapp Collects Reindeer.
In April, the Lapp lets his reindeer
loose to wander as they please, and
when the mosquitoes begin to abound
(about midsummer) collects his herd
simply by catching one deer, fitting it
with a bell and trusting to instinct
(which leads the animals to gather
into herds for protection against the
mosquitoes) to do the rest. Iu a cool
summer, when mosqiutoes are few.
this instinct does not come into play,
and it is almost Impossible to bring
the reindeer together.
England's house of commons wants
ventilation. Plenty of air is pumped
into the chamber, and it comes
through the gratings on the floor, but
it comes from a spot just over the
bank of the Thames river, with Its
ill-favored barges. And the other even
ing a member met a colleague with
his handkerchief to his nose. "You
never know what will pass inside," he
spluttered, "but you always know
what's passing outside."
Make It Effective.
Markham: We have committed the
golden rule to memory; now let us
commit it to life.
No Chance for Argument.
No man dares dispute that a mar
ried woman is a slave. His wife won't
let him. Brooklyn Standard-Union.
Before All Things, Humility.
Humility is the A, B, C of spiritual
life. St. Vincent.
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Globe-Wernicke "Elastic'; Bookcase
that grows with yoar fifinry and always fist it, that h umtc b f aste
aad caa he atmatyd Ja a varisty ef aiwjlie si
at a time, withos datarfciftf the books.
IILIlll I UflUw?
To keep the water fresh and sweet
in vases of cut flowers, add to it a
small bit of sugar. This is successful
even in the case of such things as
The Minnesota Girl.
It is said that every third Minnesota
girl is a breadwinner. It is hoped
that the other two girls are bread
makers. Minnesota certainly has the
flour. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
African "Butter Tree."
The "butter tree" grows in Central
Africa. From the kernel of its nnt
Is obtaine'd nice, rich butter, which
may be kept a year or more.
Man Is Not Made for Himself Only.
No man is made only for himself
and his own private affairs, but to
serve, profit and benefit others. Ben
Few of us are interested in those
famous pavements made of good inten
tions, as we don't expect to go there,
anyhow. Chicago News.
Popular Names in Britain.
In England and Wales, out of every
100,000 girls and boys, 6,820 are called
Mary and 6,590 William.
Immense Mexican Haciendas.
Some of the haciendas in the Mexi
can state of Durango contain a million
or more acres.
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