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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1909)
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WTOMSDAY. MASCH 10. lHft.
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The legislature continues to kill-
time and its platform promises.
As the greatest private citizen Mr.
Bryan has retired to the back ground.
Theodore Roosevelt has retired from
The Oklahoma legislature has fur
nished Governor Haskell a certificate
of good character. Now who will
come forward with a certificate of
good character for the Oklahoma
In proportion to the population,
South Carolina has more people who
cannot read than any other state in
the Union, and they imagine that
Senator Tillman is the greatest man
the country has ever produced.
If all the different bills, providing
for appropriating money for various
purposes good and bad were enact
ed into laws by the present legislature,
the tax payers would be compelled to
pay out over two millions of dollars.
Let's see; wasn't "Economy" one of
the reforms the fusionists claimed to
stand for during the campaign?
If the bill which has been introduc
ed in the state legislature providing
for the appointment of a state beer
inspector becomes a law, Governor
Shallenberger will not find much
trouble to secure a man for the posi
tion. Columbus has about five hun
dred men who would not refuse the
job. Think of it! Three thousand
dollars a year for inspecting beer!
In answer to the charge that the
democratic members of the legislature
have repudiated their platform prom
ises, an exchange says "give them time
and they'll make good." Yes; give
them "time" plenty of it, at least
fifty years, for they deserve it Never
was a body of men so completely dom
inated, run, owned and bossed by half
a dozen as are the democratic mem
bers of the present legislature.
A bill has been introduced in the
legislature, as a "reform" measure, of
course, compelling real estate men to
pay a tax of $25 per year for conduct
ing their business. The bill also pro
vides that real estate agents shall fur
nish a bond to the amount of $10,000
as a guarantee that they will act on
the square with their customers. The
measure was introduced by one of the
numerous lawyers who are responsible
for many of the freak bills now before
the state law makers.
Where was Mr. Bryan when an
attempt was made to secure a favor
able report on the bill locating an
agricultural college in the western
part of the state? Did he go before
the committee having the bill in charge
and insist that his party redeem its
platform promises? No! He allowed
the bill to be buried without a protest
His action amounts to nothing more
than repudiation of the plank in his
platform declaring for a state agricul
tural college. The Lancaster county
delegation was opposed to the measure,
and Mr. Bryan was never known to
favor anything that Lancaster county
The voters heard much about
"economy" last fall from democratic
orators and newspapers. The last re
publican legislature was charged with
extravagance. The charge was true,
but Governor Sheldon vetoed some of
the appropriation bills, and thus pre
vented state warrants from depreciat
ing. It is now evident that Governor
Shallenberger will be compelled to
follow the example of Sheldon by
vetoing some of the bills providing for
additional state normal schools, a
binding twine factory and several
other unnecessary appropriations. Up
to the present time the total amount of
mosey asked for by the various bills
introduced foot up $4,573,220.09, or a
Bullion and a quarter more than the
lafMatnre appropriated two years ago.
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SUNS ftSBflBB unit W
TAFT FAVORS TARIFF REFORM.
William Howard TaA is sow area
dentof the United States, No; man
who has filled thehigh offieea-bet-ter
equipped from experience to take'
up the responsibilities of the chief
magistrate of the nation than Tan.
His training on the bench, in the
Philippines, as secretary of war, and
adviser of Boosevelt Jias equipped Mm
for the responsible position he now
holds. Taft is abig man, intellec
tually as well asphysically; he under
stands men and measures and has
surrounded himself with a cabinet
made up of able and broad-minded
men who have made the science of
good government a study.
The new president promises to con
tinue the reorm work commenced by
Boosevelt, and "make the maintenance
and enforcement of these' reforms a
most important feature of his adminis
tration."' The president has made it
plain that he favors tariff reform -not
tariff tinkering. The people have
heard tariff reform discussed since the
campaign of 1884, the year the demo
crats won their first national victory
since the election of James Buchan-
nan, outfit was not until the second
administration of Cleveland, ten years
later, that, what is termed a tariff
reform measure was passed by con
gress. The act was a lamentable fail
ure and cost the country a big price.
The country was enshrouded in com
mercial gloom, and it was not until a
year after the election of McKinley
that order was brought out of chaos.
The same conditions that existed in
1896 do not exist today. True, the
government is spending more than it
is receiving, but the new administra
tion will not be compelled to solve the
problem of reviving confidence and
opening the mills and furnaces. The
country is in a reasonably prosperous
condition. The farmer is receiving
good prices for his products and nearly
all manufacturing establishments are
in operation. A careful revision of
the tariff along non-partisan lines will
cause still greater activity in business.
The people demand that the tariff on
hides be reduced in order to make
shoes cheaper. More people buy shoes
than have hides for sale; more people
eat sugar than are engaged in the
sugar industry, and a reduction of the
tariff on sugar, and a reduction of the
tariff on hides would doubtless swell
the revenues of the government On
other articles, where the tariff is so
high that it practically makes the im
portation of an article prohibitive and
builds up a monopoly at home, there
should be a reduction.
Should it be impossible to secure
sufficient revenue by import duties, the
president says, "new kinds of taxation
must be adopted," and recommends a
graduated inheritance tax. The only
income tax law that was ever enacted,
that stood the test of a judicial decis
ion, was passed by a republican con
gress and signed by a republican pres
ident and a tax on incomes is one of
the possibilities if a revision of the
tariff fails to furnish sufficient revenue.
The sentiment on the tariff question
has undergone a change within the
past few years. The radicalism of the
two old parties has disappeared, and
there is a tendency to treat the tariff
as a business question and eliminate it
from politics by the appointment of a
tariff commission composed of men
from both the republican and demo
Theodore Boosevelt retires from the
presidency at the age of 50, having
served more than seven years. In one
respect, at least, he is the greatest of
all our chief magistrates. He has
done more than any of his predeces
sors to expand and utilize the poten
tialities of the presidential office as a'
representative commission from the
people, to make intimate the relations
between the public and the govern
ment, and to arouse and make assertive
the menaced spirit of true democracy.
He has manifested a broad, informed
sympathy with all sections, all classes
and all interests of the country.
Through his singular faculty for lead
ership he has commanded and used to
an unprecedented degree the powerful
agency of public opinion in the accom
plishment of his purposes.
So far as the achievements of his
administration are concerned, it can
not be said that President Boosevelt
has been the product of circumstances.
It would be much nearer the truth to
say that the circumstances associated
with his administration have been the
products of Boosevelt He came into
authority at a time of peace, plenty
and ignoble contentment If he had
chosen to be a mere executive and.per
functory adviser he might have had
one of the most prosaic of administra
tions. But he came at a time when a
magnetic leader, of rugged personality
and aggressive methods, was sorely
needed. The roughness of Theodore
Boosevelt was as necessary to arouse
the public conscience and inspire gov
ernmental enterprise as was the. gen
tleness of Abraham Lincoln to allay
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popular! paiiioal andfpreventjgovem-memtaLrepritafc-
With the' retirement of President
Boosevelt, it should be profitable and
inspiring to contemplate the remarka
ble record he has made. For his
achievements, too numerous to grasp
without compilation, will loom big and
splendid in authoritative history, when
the irritations and resentments attend
ing their processes will have been for
gotten or will be remembered only as
amusing incidents of contemptible
manifestations of his time.
Previous experience and accom
plishments had marked Mr. Boosevelt
as a man of lofty purpose and large
capacity and had prepared him for the
post of the presidency. ' But not even
his most sanguine friends could have
foreseen the scope and the productive
ness of his influence on the nation.
The greatest things of the Boosevelt
administration are not the completed
undertakings, but the aspirations
aroused, the movements inaugurated,
the projects begun. In some of these
he was a creative genius; in others he
crystallized and quickened latent pub
lic sentiment; in others he became the
champion of definite but languishing
issues; in all he was a resourceful,
tireless, potent leader. Some of his
policies have become national, and will
endure as long as the nation lives.
No other president has shown such
foresight or has impressed upon the
people so powerfully their obligations
to future generations.
In viewing the work of the Boose
velt administration much creditshould
be given to three of his cabinet offi
cersWilliam H. Taft, John Hay and
Elihu Boot Kansas City Star.
THE EVANGELIST'S HIRE.
Gypsy Smith, evangelist, is holding
forth in Kansas City. He is attract
ing more attention than a circus, and
his methods are not so different There
is even a similarity in motives, which
may sound shocking and sacrilegious!
But listen, and you will hear the
Gypsy praising the town, because of
the fine hall it has provided, and then
abusing it because the collection is
so small. That abuse is the real sac
rilege; it forms no part of the faith he
presumes to represent
Topeka is listening to abuse from
the Rev. Mr. Beiderwolf, and Topeka
isn't coming through very well, either,
although the more or less reverend
gentleman will lose no money on the
transaction. That is the one bet your
modern evangelist never overlooks,
and it is a rare town that escapes its
portion of abuse.
Perhaps the record breaker, both as
to cash collections and abuse is Billy
Sunday, sometime ball player, and
now a plutocratic preacher. Seattle
had him recently, and Seattle is en
titled to what benefits may be derived
from his preaching. Seattle surely
paid the price $11,000 for six weeks'
work. And it is hard to believe that
Sunday is worth the money, or that
any great evangelist is. The early
evangelists, the greatest of whom was
Paul of Tarsus, never displayed a
tendency of the itching palm. They
lived somehow, and asked no more.
Nor did they abuse, and revile the
populace. It was a story of much
love and forgiveness they had to tell,
and was free from abuse and clamor
for graft or gain. Statistics show that
church membership isn't increasing in
this country as it did years ago, and
the question arises, Is not the evan
gelist partly to blame? There is no
faith in fear, and fear is the strongest
weapon of the evangelist; fear, and
the influence of a magnetic person
ality. When the evangelist has passed
from the scene, his influence, such as
it was, goes with him, and the people
drift back to their old way of living
and thinking, which probably was
better than the evangelist hadmade
them believe; even better than the
evangelist, who fattens his purse on
human emotion. Drake Watson in
Criticism of the democratic legisla
ture is not confined to republicans:
Edgar Howard, in the Columbus Tele
gram, last week printed the names of
the leaders in black type, as being
unworthy of confidence. The large
majority of the members want to do
the right thing, but they lack leader
ship and are led along by the corporation-brewery
bosses. Albion News.
Two weeks from today Theodore
Boosevelt will be on the ocean, carry
ing with him the best wishes of the
American people for a pleasant voyage
and safe return to his native land.
Hard to Understand.
Bacon That's the third time this
week I've seen Blinks coming out 01
that X-ray doctor's.
Egbert Is that so? What In the
world do you suppose the doctor can
see in that man? Yonkere Statesman.
First Landlady If you allow tipping
It reduces wages.
Second Landlady Tea, but tfea
boardera ft too much to oat
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ONCE A MORTAL SIN
HOW OUR ANCESTORS DISCOUR
Fearful Punishments Threatened
Failed to Deter Sinful Men from
the Crime Some Quaint
During one of the occasional out
croppings of pure thought with which
the recent Ruef trial in Judge Ca
bani8s court in San Francisco was il
luminated, it was stated by a distin
guished prosecutor that "perjury has
become the greatest crime of the age."
Perhaps the trouble is that perjury
does not entail such dire calamities
nowadays as it once did. Delving into
the subject with the spur of curiosity,
we learn that two or three centuries
ago it cost something to swear falsely
Then it was a mortal sin rather than a
simple crime, and some of the domestic
troubles which followed were a curse
running to the seventh generation,
death from a lingering disease within
12 months, or being turned into a
stone, swallowed up by the earth and
ever afterward crawling about as a
Those punishments which deterred,
if one believed them. As a matter of
fact, few did, and people committed
perjury as merrily in the good old
seventeenth century as in the twen
tieth. Then, as now, the moral man
spoke the truth for practical moral
reasons and the immoral man lied for
Superstition has always been the
basis of oaths, and their practical
value has depended on the depth of the
superstition. That, of course, is evi
dent enough, as all that differentiates
an oath from a plain statement is that
one Introduces an element of religious
faith. In California taking an oath
requires simply that a witness raise
his right hand while the clerk in
forms him that he solemnly swears tc
"tell the truth, the whole truth and
nothing but the truth, so help you
God." The charm of legendary at
taches to the explanation that the
hand of the witness was originally
raised to show that he had not a
weapon concealed in it, but this is
Touching a sacred object is a world
wide method of oath taking. In earlier
ages one swore by the sun or by a
great river or some other awesome
thing in nature. Even now the
Ganges Is the most binding oath to a
Hindu. The Tungaz witness still
brandishes a knife before the sun, say
ing: "If I. lie may the sun plunge
sickness. Into my entrails like this
knife." The Somali, administering an
oath, declares: "God la before us and
this .stoae is from Amr Bur," naming
a sacrsd noamtala. Tas maa ta ba
sworn tnen takes tne stone and says:
"I shall not lie in this agreement.'
It would be pleasant to believe that
he does not. San Francisco Chronicle.
Rabbit's Foot, or Pill?
Rheumatism is not the only ailment
for which the possession of a rabbit's
foot or hare's foot has been a specific.
Pepys, the seventeenth century diarist
had one as a charm against the colic.
But he was never quite sure whether
he ought to be grateful to it. At the
end of 1CG4, noting his abnormally
good health for some months past, he
remarked: "But I am at a great loss
to know whether it be my hare's foot
or taking every morning of a pill of
turpentine, or my having left off the
wearing of a gown. " Three weeks
later a friend showed him that his
hare's foot was defective, not having
"the joint to it." "And it is a strange
thing how fancy works," wrote Pepys,
"for I no sooner handled his foot, but
I became very well, and so continued."
Pepys got another hare's foot, and
inrove again, Dut in March he was
still wondering whether this was due
to the charm or to the turpentine
Nearly a Hero.
The passengers on the Pullman car
took in the situation at a glance and
did exactly what the train robber told
At the points of his guns he relieved
them of their valuables. But at the
sight of one woman, he paused with a
"Who are you, woman," he de
"I," she quavered, "am Miss Fay de
Fluffie, the well-known actress. Here
are my jewels take them all!"
The hold-up held up his head,
"No," he replied, "I may be a rob
ber, but I am .no press agent Keep
First Mention of Playing Cards.
The earliest direct mention of play
ing cards discovered so far is in the
"History of the City of Viterbo." The
author quotes Covelluzzo, who' wrote
about the end of the fifteenth century
as follows: "In the year 1379 was
brought into Viterbo the game of
sards, which comes from the country
of the Saracens and is with them
A Cress-Eyed Hit.
"That handsome cross-eyed boy
makes a great hit when he gives a
recitation," whispered one whose eyes
are straight "He seems to be so
impartial. They think he is looking at
them all at one and the same time
when the fact of the matter is that
he can't look a single one of them
straight in the face."
"Wednesday, March 24th
publishes its great Annual Spring
Fashion Number. This edition
will show the leading styles for all
ages, from the baby to the grand
mother. Besides the regular news
section, there will be several sec
tions in full color, printed on fine
paper. There will be a women's
section, devoted exclusively to the
styles and affairs of women; there
will be a men's section, devoted to
men's wear; there will also be a
Home Beautiful Section. Newest
things in furniture will be described
as well as in clothes.
Order now. It will help you
decide the problem of Spring
ORDER FROM YOUR
NEWSDEALER AT ONCE
ymysrzsiiiytt'" ' jaar
A London man attempted to prevent
an angry husband from abusing his
wife, whereupon the wife shot and
killed the good Samaritan.
Universal Patent Costly.
To secure a patent in each of the 64
countries issuing them would cost an
inventor $15,000, exclusive of the at
Waiter "Be careful of the soup,
gentlemen. It is so hot that it has
scalded both my
Mission of Successful Man.
Not to outshine, but to shine upon
his neighbors, is the successful man's
Sometimes the Less, the Better.
We have noticed that anybody who
can sing can play the piano a little.
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Gal aad aw it or
HFNRY RAv furniture & undertaking
ItLllll I UfflUV Beth ihcn:35-21-21-S3 West 11th St
NOTICE OF INCORPORATION.
Notice i hereby Riven that E. H. Chambers,
II. F J. HockenberKer and W. E. Harvey have
associated themselves together for the purpose
of form ins and becoming a corporation under
the laws of the state of Nebraska.
FirwU The name of this corporation shall be
The Home Builders Company.
Hecond. The princiiwU place of transacting
its business shall be Columbus, Nebraska.
Third. The nature of the business to be trans
acted by this corporation shall be to bny. sell,
exchange, hold, plat, subdivide, improve, mort.
(cape or lease real estate ami to take, hold. sell,
assign, transferor pledge any mort gage, contract
or other property acquired in the conrse of
Fourth. The authorized capital stock of said
corporation hall be One Hundred Thousand
Dollars, Forty Thousand Dollars of which must
be subscribed and paidnp before commencing;
Fifth. The existence of this corporation shall
commence on the 24th dar of Nnvemlmr. 1(M
and continue for a period of Ninety-Nine years.
Sixth. The highest amonnt of indebtedness to
which this corporation shall Btibject Itself shall
not exceed two-thirds of its paid np capital
Seventh. This corporation shall be managed
by a board of directors of not less than three nor
more than five and the officers shall be a Presi
dent, a Vice President, a Secretary and a Treas
urer. The secretary and treasurer may be one
and the same person.
H. F. J. Hockxxbzbgeb, Secretary.
First-class printing done at the Jour
Fitted with tacaafr
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