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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 18, 1908)
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IK IK JACOBS
A Marked Man
(Oopjrisbt, Ootid. Head Company.
"Tattooing is a gift," said the night
watchman firmly. "It 'as to be a
girt, as you can well see. A man 'as
to know wot 'e is going to tattoo an'
ow to do it; there's no rubbing out or
altering. It's a gift, an' it can't be
learnt. I knew a man once as used to
tattoo a cabin-boy all over every v'y'ge
trying to learn. 'E was a slow, pains
taking sort o' man, and the langwidge
those boys used to use while 'e was
at work would 'ardly be believed, but
e 'ad to give up trying arter about
fifteen years and take to crochet-work
' "Some men won't be tattooed at all,
being proud o their skins or sich-like,
and for a good many years Ginger
Dick, a man I've spoke to you of be
fore, was one o that sort Like many
red-'aired men 'e 'ad a very white
skin, which 'e was very proud of, but
at last, owing to a' unfortnit idea o'
making 'is fortin, 'e let hisself be
"It come about in this way: Him
and old Sam Small and Peter Russet
'ad been paid off from their ship and
was 'aving a very appy, pleasant time
ashore. They was careful men in a
way, and they 'ad taken a room down
East India Road way, and paid up the
rent' for a month. It came cheaper
than a Iodging-'ouse, besides being a
bit more private and respectable, a
thing old Sam was always very per
"They 'ad been ashore about three
weeks when one day old Sam and Pe
ter went off alone becos Ginger said 'e
wasn't going with 'em.
'"Where've you been?' ses Ginger,
when they returned.
"'Blsness, ses Sam.
"'We must 'ave another man in it,
Peter, he ses, and, wot's more, 'e
must 'ave ginger-colored 'air. That
being so, its only right and proper that
oyr dea old pal Ginger should 'ave
the fust offer.
"It wasn't often that Sam was so af
fecksunate, and Ginger couldn't make
it out at all. Ever since 'e'd known 'im
the old man 'ad been full o' plans o'
making money without earning it,
'"We've been in a little pub down
Bow way, me an' Peter,' ses Sam,
f 'and well tell yon more about it if you
. promise to jolm us an' go shares. It's
kep' by a widder woman whose on'y
son red-'aired son went to sea 23
"Wot?" Screams Yinger. "Tattoo
years, ago, at the age o' 14, an' was
never 'eard of arterwards. Seeing we
was sailor-men, she told as all about
it, an' ow she still 'opes for him to
walk into 'er arms afore she dies.
"'She dreamt a fortnit ago that 'e
turned up safe and hound, with red
whiskers,' ses Peter.
"Ginger Dick 6at up and looked at
'em without a word; then 'e got out
o bed, an' pushing old Sain out of the
.way began to dress, and at last e
turned round and asked Sam whether
he was drunk or only mad.
"'All right,' ses Sam; 'if you won't
take it on we'll find somebody as will,
that's all; there's no call to get huffy
about it You ain't the on'y red-'edded
man in the world.'
"Ginger coughed and looked
"'It sounds all right, mates' 'e ses
at last, 'but 1 don't see 'ow we're to go
to work. I don't want to get locked
up for deceiving.'
" 'You can't get locked up, ses Sam;
'if you let 'er discover you and claim
you, ow can you get locked up for
It? We shall go in an see her agin,
and larn all there is to larn, especial
ly about the tattoo marks, and then '
CUSTOM OF ORIENTAL NATIONS
Salute by Kissing the Foot Is as Old
The custom of kissing the feet of
persons whom it was desired to honor
originated with the ancients. The peo
ple of oriental nationals used to kiss
the hands and feet or hems of the
clothes of the persons they wished to
how respect for.
-'Wotr screams Ginger. Tatto
me! Spile my skin with a lot o' beast
ly blue marks! Not me, not If I know
it I'd like to see anybody try it,
"They started on 'im agin next day,
but all Sam and Peter could say didn't
move 'im, although Sam spoke so feel
ing about the joy of a pore widder wo
man getting 'er son back agin arter
all these years that 'e nearly cried.
"They went down agin to the pub
that evening, and Ginger, who said 'e
was curious to see, wanted to go too.
Sam, who still 'ad 'opes of 'im,
wouldn't 'ear of It but at last It was
arranged that 'e wasn't to go inside,
but should take a peep through the
door. They got on a tram at Aldgate,
and Ginger didn't like it becos Sam
and Peter talked it over between
theirselves in whispers and pointed
out likely red-'aired men in the road.
"And 'e didn't like it when they got
to the Blue Lion, and Sam and Peter
went in and left 'im outside, peeping
through the door. The landlady shook
'ands with them quite friendly, and
the barmaid, a fine-looking girl,
seemed to take a lot o' notice of Peter. ,
Ginger waited about outside for nearly
a couple of hours, and at last they
"Losing ls Wot?" Ses Yinger, Turn
ing Pale and Staggering Back.
came out, .talking and larfing, with
Peter wearing a white rose wot the
barmaid 'ad given 'im.
"They all went In somewhere and
'ad a few drinks first, though, and
arter a time Ginger began to see
things in a different light to wot 'e
'ad before, an' to be arf ashamed of
'is selflshness, and 'e called Sam's pot
a loving-cup, an' kep' on drinking out
of it to show there was no ill-feeling,
although Sam kep telling him there
wasn't. Then Sam spoke up about
tattooing agin, and Ginger said that
every man in the country ought to be
tattooed to prevent smallpox. He got
so excited about it that old Sam 'ad to
promise 'im that he should be tattooed
that very night, before he could pacify
"Ginger was the last one to wake up
In the morning, an' before 'e woke he
kept making a moaning noise. His
'ead felt as though it was going to
bust, 'is tongue felt like a brick, and
'is chest was so sore e could 'ardly
breathe. Then at last 'e opened 'is
eyes and looked up and saw Sam an'
Peter and a little man with a black
" 'Cheer up Ginger,' ses Sam, in a
kind voice, 'it's going on beautiful.'
" 'My 'ead's splittin',' ses Ginger,
with a groan, 'an' I've got pins- an
needles' all over my chest'
"'Needles,' ses the man with the
black mustache. 'I never use pins;
they'd pison the flesh.'
"Ginger sat up in bed and stared at
'im; then 'e bent 'is 'ead down and
squinted at 'is chest, and next moment
'e was out of bed and all three of 'em
was holding 'im down on the floor to
prevent 'im breaking the tattooer's
neck which 'e'd set 'is 'eart upon
doing, and explaining to 'im that the
tattooer was at the top of 'is profes
sion, and that it was only by a stroke
of luck 'e had got 'im. And Samgre
minded 'im wot 'e 'ad said the, night
before, and said he'd live to thank 'im
"Ginger gave in at last, and told the
man to go on with the job and finish
it, and 'e even went so far as to do a
little bit o' tattooing 'imself on Sam
when he wasn't looking. 'E only made
one mark, becos the needle broke off,
and Sam made such a fuss that Ginger
said anyone would ha thought 'e'd
"Owever 'e was done at last; his
chest and 'is arms and 'is shoulders,
and he nearly broke down when Sam
borrowed a bit o' looking-glass and
let 'im see hisself. Then the tattooer
rubbed in some stuff to make 'is skin
soft agin, and some more stuff to make
the marks look a bit old.
"They 'ad a little call over in their
room to see 'ow Ginger was to do it,
and to discover the weak p'ints. Sam
worked up a squeaky voice, and pre
tended to be the landlady, and Peter
pretended to be the good-looking bar
maid. "They went all through it over and
over agin, the only unpleasantness be
ing caused by Peter Russet letting off
a screech every time Ginger alluded
to 'is chest wot set 'is teeth on edge,
and old Sam as the landlady offering
The ancient Egyptians got this cus
tom from the Assyrians, and later the
Greeks adopted the habit from the
Egyptians. The Romans followed the
Greeks, and then Pontifex Maximus
had his great toe kissed by celebrities
The story will be remembered of the
old Briton ruler who appeared to dp
homage to a Roman monk after the
conquest of Briton. He was told that
it was customary to kiss the foot'of
Ginger pots o beer which nade Is
" 'We shall go round to-morrow for
the last time ses Sam, 'as we told 'er
we're sailing the day arter.'
"'Meantime,' ses Peter Russet, 'yon
mustn't forget that you've got to send
us post office money-orders erery
"Ginger said 'e wouldn't forget and
they shook 'ands all round and 'ad a
drink together, and the next arternoon
Sam and Peter went to the Blue Lion
for a last visit
"It was quite early when they came
back. Ginger was surprised to -see
'em, and he said so, but 'e was more
surprised when 'e heard their reasons.
"It come over us all at once as
we'd bin doing wrong,' Sam ses, set
ting down with a sigh.
-" 'Come over us like a chiU, it did,'
"'Doing wrong?' ses Ginger Dick,
staring. 'Wot are you talking about?'
"'Something the landlady said
showed us as wevwas doin' wrong,'
ses old Sam very solemn; 'it come
over us in a flash.'
" 'Like lightning,' ses Peter.
"'It ain't fair play agin a woman,'
says old Sam, 'three strong men agin
one poor old woman; that's wot we
" 'Well, I don't feel like it,' ses Gin
ger; 'you please yourself,, and I'll
" 'E went off in a huff, an' next
morning 'e was so disagreeable that
Sam an' Peter went and signed on
board a steamer called the Penguin,
which was to sail the day arter. They
parted bad friends all round, and Gin
ger Dick gave Peter a nasty black
eye, and Sam said that when Ginger
came to see things in a proper way
agin he'd be sorry for wot 'e'd said.
And 'e said that 'im and Petor never
wanted to look on 'is face agin.
"Ginger Dick was a bit lonesome
arter they'd gone, but 'e thought it
better to let a few days go by afore 'e
went and adopted the red-'aired land
lady. He waited a week, and at last,
unable to wait any longer, 'e went out
and 'ad a shave and smartened hisself
up, and went off to the Blue Lion.
"'Glass o' bitter, ma'am, please,' he
ses to the old lady as she came out o'
the little parlor at the back o' the bar.
"The old lady drew the beer, and
then stood with one 'and holding the
beer-pull and the other on the coun
ter, looking at Ginger Dick in 'is new
blue jersey and cloth cap.
'"Lovely weather, ma'am,' ses Gin
ger, putting his left arm on the coun
ter and showing the sailor-boy dancing
'"It's a 'ard life, the sea, ses the
"She kept wiping down the counter
in front of 'im over an' over agin, an'
'e could see 'er staring at 'is wrists as
though she could 'ardly believe her
eyes. Then she went back into the
parlor, and Ginger 'eard her whisper
ing, and by and by she came out agin
with the blue-eyed barmaid.
" 'Have j'ou been at sea long?' ses
the old lady.
" 'Over 23 years, ma'am,' ses Ginger,
avoiding the barmaid's eye wot was
fixed on 'is wrists, 'and I've been ship
wrecked four times; the fust time
when I was a little nipper o four
teen.' " 'Pore thing,' ses the landlady,
shaking 'er 'ead. 'I can feel for you;
my boy went to sea at that age, and
I've never seen 'im since.'
'"I'm sorry to 'ear it, ma'am, ses
Ginger, very respectful-like. 'I suppose
I've lost my mother, so I can feel for
"'Suppose you've lost your mother!'
ses the barmaid; 'don't you know
whether you have?' '
"'No,' ses Ginger Dick, very sad.
'When I was wrecked the fust time I
was in a open boat for three weeks,
and, wot with the exposure and 'ardly
any food, I got brain fever and lost my
" 'Pore thing,' ses the landlady agin.
'"I might as well be a orfin,' ses
Ginger, looking down; 'sometimes I
seem to see a kind, 'andsome face
bending over me, and fancy it's my
mother's, but I can't remember 'er
name, or my name, or anythink about
'"You remind me o' my boy very
much,' ses the landlady, shaking 'er
"Ginger Dick wqnld ha' liked to ha
seen 'er a bit more excited, but 'e
ordered another glass o' bitter from
the barmaid, and tried to think 'ow
he was to bring about the ship on his
chest and the letters on 'is back. The
landlady served a couple o' men, and
by and by she came back and began
" 'I like sailors,' she ses; 'one thing
is, m7 boy was a sailor; and another
thing is, they've got such feelin' 'earts.
There was two of 'em in 'ere the other
day, who'd been in 'ere once or twice,
and one of 'em was that kind 'earted
I thought he would ha' 'ad a fit at
something I told him.'
"'Ho,' ses Ginger, pricking up his
ears, 'wot for?
" 'I was just talking to 'im about my
boy, same as I might be to you, ses
the old lady, 'and I was just telling
'im about the poor child losing 'is
"'Losing 'is wot?' ses Ginger, turn
ing pale and staggering back.
" 'Finger,' ses the landlady. E was
only ten years old at the time, and I'd
.sent 'im out to Wot's the matter?
Ain't you well?"
"Ginger didn't answer er a word,
he couldn't. 'E went on going back
wards until 'e got to the door, and
then 'e suddenly fell through it into
the street, and tried to think.
"Then 'e remembered Sam and
Peter, and when 'e thought of them
safe and sound aboard the Penguin he
nearly broke dowji altogether, as 'e
thought how lonesome he was.
"All 'e wanted was 'is arms round
both their necks same as they was the
niy.it afore they 'ad 'im tattooed."
the holy father. He hesitated for
a moment and then, bending down,
he suddenly seized the monk by the
ankle and, jerking it up to his lips,
toppled the worthy father over back
ward. The toe of the sultan of Turkey is
kissed by subjects of high rank. Those
of more lowly position are merely
allowed to touch the fringe of his gar
ment to their lips, and the poorest
classes must be content to make a low
obeisance in his presence. Blustrated
Sunday Magazine. N '
Corsets fut BeAdap-
ted to tbe Individual
URE enough, womankind
has been terribly stirred
up this season about the
fashions. The launching
of the sheath gown was
a shock, and the predic
tions about clothes in general and
corsets In particular wero nothing
short of appalling.
But, you know, it Is one of the char
acteristics of the American woman to
jump to conclusions. A fault it is
termed by some, but it embodies such
spontaneity and freshness that older
and wiser heads condone it
Well, as always happens after a
great excitement, we come down to
earth, and the modification of the ex
treme is usually very satisfactory. The
case of the corset is no exception to
The new corsets are high and low,
but they are not designed to distort
the figure, as has been threatened. If
you have noticed well-dressed wom
en, you have realized that the sil
houette lacks nothing of grace.
Just a practical word about the
"long and short" of the corset they
must in a measure be considered as
comparative terms. The corset must
be high or low for the individual wear
er. The corset must not be of incon
venient height under 'the arms; it must
not be so high in the back as to form
a prop for the shoulder blades (who
has not seen this), thereby accentuat
It must not be so high in front as to
form a chin-rest for the slim woman
or to "shelve" the bust of a fat wom
an. The bones of a corset should not
be so long, in either the front or back,
as to make the wearer conscious of
their existence. Of course, the cor
set proper may be longer and higher
than its bones. If the bones be too
long they will be pushed up when the
wearer is seated, which will cause an
unsightly bulge in the corset.
A corset should be fitted to the
wearer in a sitting position, and, if
perfectly right then, it cannot be
wrong when any other attitude is as
sumed. The slender woman may assume the
high corset with less danger than the
stout woman; for the long corset is, of
course, good for both alike.
The proper fit of a corset is consid
ered so important by the dealers in
good corsets that, in many shops, only
a corset-maker is permitted to super
intend the slightest alteration.
SIMPLE CURE FOR RED NOSE.
Massage of the Face Will Be Found to
Old Father Winter is almost with us,
and with him will come cold days,
when noses will look red and unat
tractive. A cure for this trouble is
very necessary, and, as it is merely a
question of circulation, It is very eas
ily remedied. The nose and the
surrounding part of the face should
be gently rubbed night and morn
ing with the tips of the lingers. This
will stimulate the glands and promote
the healthful action of the skin.
In fact, the massage of the whole
face night and morning will keep the
little blood vessels all acting so nice
ly that the complexion will soon be
come visibly better. The massage
does not take very long, and it is well
Pretty rugs can be made from car
pet rags by crocheting the rags, using
a large bone crochet hook. Crochet a
chain of ten stitches, then single cro
chet round and round, widening where
necessary as the rug grows larger.
These rugs can be made as large as
desired and are durable and inexpen
sive and make a much prettier rug
than the ordinary woven rag carpet
Try this and see what a pretty, dura
ble and inexpensive rug you will have.
There are certain books of reference that should always find a place on
the writing-table, and it is convenient to have those books so arranged that
any particular volume may be found at a glance, and in that case, it is almost
necessary to have some kind of book rack to hold them. In our sketch, we
show a novel way of doing this, and, perhaps, a better name for it than book
case would be book-ends, instead.
It consists of two small cardboard boxes, which may be filled with anything
of weight, small stones, for instance, or sand. The boxes can then entirely
be covered with any pretty odd remnant of material that may be handy, and
all round the edges a silk cord is sewn. Pretty little floral designs may be
worked In silk on the sides and top. The books are placed in a row as shown
in the sketch, with an "end" at either side, to hold them in position. If one
or two books should be taken away, it is no trouble to push the remaining
books together and close up the gap. When not being used for books, these
little boxes make capital paper weights.
Among the severe modes are some
most attractive coats in blue serge
with color Introduced in the collar.
Bright reds, greens, and even orange
are the color notes most used. One
of the smartest coats seen this fall is
a Francais model in very wide twill
serge finished with narrow strappings,
pipings and buttons of black satin, a
cunning little scarf of satin and a col
lar facing of deep yellow chamois com
pleted the charming wrap. Apropos
of utility coats there Is nothing so
chic "as the large check woolens in
black and white with collars of black
satin or of black combined with a
bright color. Black and white stripes
still retain a certain prestige, though
as a rule they show soil readily and
are not desirable for all figures, while
broken plaids and invisible markings
are becoming to almost any type.
Alligator Claw Purse.
One of the new small purses for
change and car tickets is made from
ttie rlaws of an alligator. It is fas
tened with a single clasp and has a
strap across the back,
to Be Consid
ered Before Purcbas- .
ii?g Dress Material '
F YOU are going to get
clothes for the street si
this season of the year
and the problem con
fronts everyone take
into consideration, first,''
the money yon have to spend, and sec
ond, the way in which your life is
spent, writes Annie Rittenhouse, in the
Chicago Inter Ocean.
If you are compelled to be on the
street a good deal, you want a coat
suit. If your life is mostly in the
house during the day hours, filled with
domestic duties, put your money into
a top coat and a one-piece jumper
frock of cloth.
If you choose the former, don't gel
satin, no matter how black it is, nor
satin broadcloth nor lustrous cash
mere. These are fashionable and love
ly, but not fit
There is going to be a wide distinc
tion this year between the clothes
worn on the street and those worn in
doors, and you want to show that
you know it by choosing a coat suit
of the roughest weave.
Last year the shops did not offer
these fabrics generously, for it was
a "smooth" season. This year it is a
Ask at the counters or at your
tailor's for diagonal serge, for chevron
cloth, for English cheviot, for Scotch
You will bo delighted at the choice
Kto be made. Such stylish-looking
cloths have not been offered to wom
en for years, i Blue serges with a wide
wale that makes for character, striped
cheviot in the new colors, rough plaid
homespun with solid tones for the
coats are among the cloths that will
You can't go wrong in choosing any
one of them. If there is a leaning
toward any two fabrics, these two are
are chevron serge, with its great
marked stripes woven in the goods,
and the gray and black striped cheviot
The striped broadcloths are also'
here with a much rougher surface
than they had last year. They are
good looking, and much admired, but
the fastidious woman will pass them
by for the new serges and cheviots.
New coats are elaborately braided.
Modish grays range from deepest
smoke to palest pearl.
The Psyche knot is the favorite
coiffure of the moment.
Pompadour ribbons are much In de
mand for evening sashes.
The sack shape is smart and be
coming to good forms.
The walking coat is long and the
walking skirt is short.
Rich and dark colors have the great
est vogue in hat trimming.
Brightly colored heels are found on
many of the new smart pumps.
Some smart French women are be
ginning to carry dainty walking sticks.
r Filet net and soutache braid are
the two most popular trimmings.
Embroidered Coat Collars.
Linen embroidered coat collars will
be worn until it is time to put on
furs. The new collars have a touch
of color, which is quite Parisian. They
are somewhat larger than the early
fall styles and the revers come to a
deep point. The edges are embroidered
in long, shallow scallops, alternating
blue and lavender or pink and blue.
Green and white is an effective com
bination for these dress accessories.
Irish lace medallions arc introduced on
the collars, tiny roses with an open
meshed border encircling them being
the favorite design.
mm -a m
Men's sweaters knitted of angora
wool are warmer than those made of
ordinary German knitting yarn, and
they have a more "sporty" air. A
gray angora sweater butoned down
the front with gray pearl buttons had
pockets and border of the same wool
knitted a trifle tighter or with smaller
needles to keep it in shape. To wear
with these sweaters men are choos
ing angora neck scarfs made like the
smart silk automobile ones. They
match the color of the sweater, though
this is not necessary, for combinations
of colors are often more attractive
than ore tone.
The Slashed Skirt.
Women should not confuse the
slashed skirt with the sheath skirt.
The former is open to the knees or
the hips and is now filled in with
chiffon, not knickerbockers. The
sheath skirt is merely a tight, unlined
graceful affair that falls in clinging
folds from the high waistband over
the floor. Each gets its name from
its appearance. Yet they are constant
Bf tsr Wmf jvl M U M M j
With eggs high in price it will pay
you to feed generously and to get the
eggs in return.
Provide plenty of litter for the
chickens to scratch in this winter.
Leaves are excellent
Don't forget-to pick some of the best
of the hickory sticks for ax handles.
You will need them.
Be regular in feeding the poultry.
This Is a good rule with regard to
livestock of all kinds.
A good way to feed molasses to
horses is to put it on the hay. This
ration will keep them thrifty.
Alfalfa pays if you get a good stand,
but remember that a good stand
comes only with faithful preparation
About the only treatment which the
sheep-killing dog deserves is a bullet
where it will put him out of business
for good and all.
Give the hens a good dust bath. Put
the box in a sunshiny place in the hen
house. It will do your heart good to
watch them wallow in it.
Never get the conception that it is
clever scheming that brings success.
It's hard work that brings enduring
success.. The genius of hard work is
the best asset in life.
The farmer who begrudges the time
necessary to feed and care for the
hogs is generally the farmer who on
market day is disappointed with the
return from the sales.
Before worrying over the fact that
your neighbor has more land than you
have, just study over the question
whether you are getting as much as
is possible out of the land you already
The manure from a dairy cow will
amount to over ten tons a year with
a value of upwards of $30. But the
way the average farmer handles this
by-product, much of the value is lost
Why not stop this leak by putting
in cement gutters, make free use of
bedding and get the manure out on
the land every day?
Get the boy a camera and get him
Interested in taking pictures of the
buildings and the stock. It will be
one more link to bind him to the farm
and will be a step toward improve
ment in the appearance of the farm
and better farm animals. Pictures tell
stories, and where the camera is on
the farm to bring their tell-tale mes
sages of neglect and disorder and
poor stock, you are apt to spruce up
a bit and to want stock that will look
well in a picture.
The weather man by study and ob
servation may be able to pretty accu
rately predict what the weather Is go
ing to be, but it is God who maketh
the sun to shine and the rain to fall,
the winds to blow and the crops to
grow. And it is well it is so, for he
knoweth best. Let us never be im
patient with what he sends. Always
make the best of the weather condi
tions; order the farm work in har
mony with the conditions God pro
vides, and when it comes to taking
stock after the harvest is over you
will, as you do this year, have to ad
mit that things turned out better than
you had thought they would.
Remember that of all the manure
produced on the farm that from the
poultry has the greatest value, and
yet with but few exceptions it is not
taken care of as it should be. The
New Hampshire experiment station
recommends that the weekly drop
pings of a flock of 25 hens should be
mixed with about eight pounds of
kainit or acid phosphate and a half
peck of sawdust. If one desires a
balanced fertilizer for corn and other
hoed crops, a mixture of equal parts
of kainit and acid phosphate could be
used instead of either alone. Good
diy meadow muck or peat would be
equally as good as sawdust, if not
better, to use as an absorbent. In the
experiment mentioned, more than half
of the ammonia was lost in hen
manure without chemicals when com
pared with that which had been mixed
In speaking of the prosperity and
the conservatism of the American
farmer the National Mazazine has this
to say: "No other class of people
have kept their feet so firmly since
last October (1907) as the fanners
have done, and they have kept their
heads, too. They look out over the
country and behold the symptoms
here and there of financial demorali
zation and depression, in the light
railroad traffic, partly suspended man
ufacturing, commercial hesitancy, In
activity, and speculative paralysis.
They realize that, in so far as these
things, portend low wages or lack of
employment for labor, they must ul
timately affect the farmer by limiting
the demand for his product; but they
are sagacious enough to know that
existing conditions, with the world's
supply of food relatively low, will pre
vent any acuto depression in the
prices of farm products for two or
three years to como, by which time
financial disorders effecting other
classes will doubtless hare passed
I SlIirwOSrBS-w-sSf 1 j
Feed variety to the bogs.
The farm is no place for the lazy
Growing pigs' shoald not be coalned
to small pens and yards.
An animals, especially the horse,
relish a change in their feed.
Cover the rhubarb ana asparagus
beds with a heavy coating of staaure.
For every tree cnt out a new one
should be planted. Only In this way
can you keep up the supply.
The plank drag will prove of great
value on any farm in crashing clods
and making land fit for the seed.
Alfalfa hay is good for the horse as
it contains more nutriment than tim
othy hay, but be careful as to how you
"Do you know that your hens come
over into my garden?" "I thought
they were." "Why so?" "Because they,
never came back."
Leaks in the roof and cracks in the
walls of the hen house will lead you
to conclude before the winter is over
that chicken raising does not pay.
Without comfort how can you ex
pect that your dairy cow is "going to
fill the milk pail. Shiver and shake
and a poor food ration never yet
secured a profit from a cow.
Good ventilation is needed in the
sheep barn, but don't let that ventila
tion be through the roof which lets
the rain in. Fix up the barn now if
you have not already done so.
Canadian thistles can be cleaned out
of a field by a thorough cultivation
of the ground for a few years, making
sure that none of the thistles go to,
seed. Not an easy job, but it can be
One farmer who has bad success
raising calves takes them from the
mother after the third day and feeds
skim milk with a handful of rolled
oats to a quart of milk. The oats
before using are boiled up with a
little salt in the water.
Every farm in the land should have
its flock of sheep. Twenty are none
too many. They will keep the pas
tures free from weeds, and while
living on forage which the other ani-j
mals would not touch will enrich the!
ground with their droppings. :
Protect the young fruit trees before
the snow comes and drives the rab
bits and mice to eat the tree bark. An
excellent way of doing this Is to wrap
laths, building paper or strips of wood
veneer around the base of each tree,
reaching two or three feet up from the
Investigation has proved that the
greater part of the impurities found In
milk get there within a short time
after it has been drawn from the
cow and before it leaves the shed.
This fact should set the farmer to
studying how he can Improve the!
conditions in his barn.
Take care of the threshing engine.
Clean the boiler, then fill it with cold-
water, pour in a quart of good oil
and get up steam, then blow It out
When it gets cold clean the grates
good and all around them, then take
some axle grease or thick oil and
grease the inside of the firebox all
around. Oil the flues with good oil
and put two or three shovelfuls of dry
shavings in the firebox to take up the
The government commission on
country life is anxious to obtain all
the suggestions possible from farm
ers, and pursuant to that end have
sent out circulars containing various
questions covering nearly every phase
of farm life with the request that
they be answered and returned. If
you have not received one, write to
the commission at Washington, D. C,
and one will be promptly sent Such
help will prove of inestimable value
to the commission.
Save your coal ashes for mixing
with heavy soil in the vegetable gar
den. They have almost no fertilizing
value, but help to loosen up some
soils. Soot should always be saved
when flues and chimneys are cleaned,
for it is invaluable, especially for
roses. It is beneficial as a fertilizer
and drives away insects. For radishes,
onions and cabbages it is helpful, for
it discourages the cutworms and
grubs. Wood ashes are especially
valuable as a fertilizer and should al
ways be saved.
The dairy division of the United
States department of agriculture will
conduct a milk and cream contest open
to all dairymen In the United States,
at the third annual dairy show, Chi
cago, December 2 to 10. The object of
thivi contest is educational and entire
ly for the benefit of the dairymen. The
milk and cream will be carefully an
alyzed and scored by experts from the
department of agriculture. Forty
points will be allowed for flavor, 20
for composition, 20 for bacteria, 5 for
acidity, and 10 for appearance of pack
age and cleanliness of milk. Any de
fects will be pointed out in the score
and dairymen will have opportunity to
learn whether by the methods they
are using they can produce a standard
product. There will be four classes
In this contest, as follows: Class I.
Market milk (raw) two prizes (gold
and silver medals). Class II. Market
cream (raw) two prizes (gold and
silver medals). Class HI. Certified
milk (raw) two prizes (gold and silver
medals). Class IV. Certified cream
(raw) two prizes (gold and silver
medals). Milk and cream receiving a
score of 90 or above will be classed as
excellent. After being scored, the
product will be placed on exhibition
accompanied by the score. Dairymen
producing milk or cream for city con
sumption are invited to exhibit in ac
cordance with the conditions pre
scribed on the entry blank. For fur
ther particulars relating to the con
test, address the Dairy Division, Unit
ed States Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C.
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