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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 4, 1907)
VWSwi Fi 7ST-J :. t -a
j"i ,j"i,f .!i. -z.'-w?ir, .K-i
Awardod M Friio m Local
iY he wmm nkiweai b m wi
lie Maaeiag Underwear k tke ckoice of all
parents for their children, especially sckool children,
m they are all in on niece, aflonkan; asuch store;
strength aad are oooseqaeatlj asore durable thanthe
old styiesup up slip down mite.
They hare all necessary fullness aroaad the hips
and ia the seat which allows children the pririledge ;of
stoopiag or junptag while at play without duwanJort
of buttons snappiag of the waist as. the old style suits.'
They are of extra strong weave, beautifully ribbed
and well ieeced, giving the greatest naxmnt of warmth
to the body, and are well shaped so as to fit the body
snugly, not giving it any oaneceanuy sue.
They have close fitting extra strong wristbands
which do not stretch, admitting cold to anas and ankles
Every boy and girl should wear Munsing Under
wear, the reasons are for comfort, durability, economy.
It was made for every person old and yonag, they
are of extra sine for large people and are well worth
the price paid for them and they will last twice as long
as the old style.
They are perfect fit and rery low priced anion suits.
Every school child finds them the warmest; every workman fiad
i most durable.
the Mussing Underwear is the only kind to buy.
EVA DELAND, Colombo, Neb,
Par GRAY MERCANTILE CO.
The Latest Styles
PLACE TOUR ORDER EARLY
MEANS MUCH WORK
LABOR , IN ARRANGEMENT
SkillM Adjustment of Time Tables Is
Perhaps the Most Difficult of All
, Duties Devolving on Offi
cials of Line.
"Glre aa inexperienced person a
large railroad folder and you put more
trouble in Ms hands than the 'piss in
the dorer puzzle," said a prominent
railroad official the other day.
Ton will nad that the average per
son has not the slightest idea of how
to decipher the arrival and departure
of tralaa. Juuglne, then, the immense
amount of work involved, in arranging
the schedules of the trains of a vast
railroad system so they will dovetail
sasootkly aad be got In working order
at an appointed hour.
Tie adjustment of the time-tables
devolves upon the chief operating offi
cial of the road. He notifies the offi
cial of each division that a new train
te to reach a certain point at a certain
hoar, aad will depart after a change of
engines Ave minutes later, being due
to arrive at the other enM of the divis
ion at a certain hour.
The trainmaster of the division
mast then prepare a tentative schedule
of tralaa for his division, aad this ten
tative schedule must be seat to the
chief train dispatcher before the new
train ia nut on.
"Back additional train must involve
a certain derangement of the schedule
already la force. If the new train ia a
tke derangement amounts al
to disorder. Tke local aad ac
commodation trains are moat affected
by these changes. They must get out
of tke way of the limited trains ia
pleaty of time aad passengers on tke
local tralaa are very likely to chafe
under tke delays that are inevitable.
"When all of the tentative schedules
arovidlag for a new train are in band
tke chief train dispatcher is in a posi
tion to prepare a Inal schedule. He
must regard, especially la limited
traiae, tke koura at which trains are
expected to leave and arrive at impor
tant pouts. He cannot run a train
along the line of least resistance, for
at the hours when there are fewest
obstacles ia the way of a "flier" there
might be the greatest likelihood of no
passengers being waiting M the most
"When all the data are in hand the
schedule is prepared and notifications
are sent out to all of the division su
perintendents. But the experimenta
tion does not end here. There is a
great deal to be done by way of ad
Justing experience to operation, so the
strata on the rolling stock may be
"In preparing a schedule for a
long-distance run it is essential to es
tablish an average hourly mileage for
the entire distance. It-is not possible
to test tke running time between two
neighboring points and by adding
these together to arrive at the maxi
mum speed possible to attain between
two distant points. The theory of
these averages is that the train shall
leave sufficient leeway toi make up
time when necessary. It has been
found, however, that engineers will
loaf along over parts of their trip in
order to make faster time than their
schedules call for over other portions
of the route. .
"It can, therefore, be seen that all
must be ready as far ,as it can be
figured out by man, and the benefit
of experience adds greatly to the mak
ing of a schedule in the rough that
will work out to a nicety when the
train is actually under way."
is unavoidable that
tnerailroaaa are net celiac nearly as
.great efficiency out of tneir care, kav
iasT regard to number and carrytac ca
pacity, aa tkey did six or aeven years
ago, aaya a writer in tke Iron Trade
Review. Meat tke. new condition be
accepted aa one wklck ia to remsla,1
or ia it to prove but temporary? It
bard to' Betters Oat Aaseriran rail
roads can never do better tkaa get
Set ton miles per day of paying freight
out of a car, tke equivaleat of ten
smiles if tke average capacity ia H
toes, or 16 miles if tke average ca
pacity ia 29 tone. 'If tke cars were
worked bat oae-fourtk tke time, L a,
if tkey spent 12 koura idle, six koura
ssoving aa empties and six kours mov
ing witk freight, this would be It to
16 milea in six hours, or 1.7 to 2.6
atOea per hour, when actually at profit-
fable work. Making tke comparison
In another way, it appears that if tke
freight ia moved at the rate of 16 to IS
ainea anhour, then tke can work an
average of but one hour in 24 kours.
Again, the actual statistics snow that
the average leagtk of kaul jn 19f6 was
12 miles. - At tke speeds and toads
we have been considering, this means
that on aa average a car carries a
load to destination during 13 hours,
running time, but consumes tke bal
ance of 13 daya In idleness.
Poor's railroad statistics for IMG
snow a total of 1.979.CC7 freight cars
owned by railroads reportiag, an in
crease of 222.6S2 can for the year. This
la by far tke largest gala for any
year, and witk the exception of 1903,
wklck shows a.gaia of 126,201 cars,
is more tkaa double the gain shown ia
aay prevktua year.
Ia tons of freight moved one mile,
there waa a gala ia 1996 over 1996 of
16.7 per cent. This waa the largest
gala, in point of tonnage, in tke his
tory of American railroading, aad, the
largest ia point of percentage for
There waa a. mild shortage of can
In 1906, but the shortage did not
compare in any sense with that which
developed In 1902 and seriously crip
pled many branches of industry. Thus
far this year, the' car building shops
have been turning out can at least
aa rapidly as they did ia 1906, and the
prospect is that the end of this year
will find the railroads to have made
about aa large a gala in number of
can aa they did ia 1996.
NEED FOR DISTINCT COLORS.
Spectacles for Cows.
A Russian firm which manufactures
optical goods has just completed an
order for 49.000 pain of glasses to be
worn by cows. These spectacles are
necessary because tke steppes, the
great Russian prairies, are covered
witk snow for six nrantka in tke year,
but during part of the time delicate
fresh grass tips protrude from tke
white 'and dazzliag mantle. The cows
then, are tuned out to feed oa the
aew grass, but if their eyes are un
protected from the dazzle of sunshine
tn the snow it -gives , them snow
blindness. Hundreds have died from
this cause; but a rude, cheap Uad of
spectacles, made of leather aad
smoked glass, was invented, aad since
has beea used witk great success.
At my tan one-half mile west of Riling
City, Hebraists on
Thursday, Dec. 12th, 1907
35 HEAD-10 Ms ul 25 Females
Tnebulis are a good useful 1st raagiac ia age from 7 mouths to 8
laMandwUlbeoaTemdiniMaBiM hrwili iwiliiii- ! miiT
r old 8ootokbull, a aura br ar aad good enough to head asset
Oee 2 yaar eld as food aa individual aa there m in the sale aad
od breeder, ss his calves wfll shew.
ate 4 straight 8eotek Gewa aad Haifam. aad th imI flmtah
all but two will have calves at foot or well akag ia estf to
arise (a penSeatek Bell); and LaaVe Pratee. the two rear aid
imtaearauuYateaaaafalletefeewaL endure erne to
White Lights te Indicate Danger Are
New colon for railroad signal
lamps appear to be due for general
adopUoB. The use of "white" lights to
Indicate safety, long conventional on
American roads, involves several ele
ments of danger; with the increase in
population density and of settled
tracts along the railroads, too many
possible sources of white lights near
the tracks exist, with consequent lia
bility of their being mistaken by en
gine runners for track signals; wheth
er the colored glass fused takes tke
form of lenses in pivoted lamps or of
spectacles on a semaphore arm, the
propensity of persons with firearms to
select such things aa targeta intro
duces aaother possibility of false sig
nals. The tendency on a number of roads
seems to be toward green for clear,
yellow for caution (green's former
place) and red for stop. For a. num
ber of years the Chicago and North
western railway has used green for
clear; green and red, side by side, for
autlon; and red alone for stop. This,
in view of the superior distinctness
and individuality of these two colors
at night, and the possibility of error
in the nearness of yellow to red,
seems safe practice if not so simple.
perhaps, aa the use of three colors
The main point In the abolition of
the so-called white light, and the use
of distinct colon only in signailag, is
that tke showing of a white light at a
sigaal point, from aay cause break
ing of lenses or disks, or otherwise
will indicate something wrong, and a
cautioua englnemaa will atop. Pos
sible inconveniences in the nee of
yeHow or orange glass are on the side
of safety; if a light yellow ia mistak
en for white, or a deep orange for
red, it will only mean a stop. Break
age of a green lense of semaphore
glass, whether by accident or design,
would show a white light and also
cause a stop. Engineering News.
"My brother was conductor of a lo
cal on one. of the branch roads of tke
Southern," said an engineer, "and ke
once told me these two stories to illus
trate the slow time made ia that sec
tion of the country:
"One day they were making tke
usual trip, and one of tke passeagers
waa awakened by the "toot-toot" of
tke engineer's whistle. The passenger
looked very muck aggrieved and ejac-
traia has caught up
witk that cow again."
"'On aaother trip a woaaan put ner
head out of tke door of tke last car
"'"Why, there's that nigger on
horseback we saw 10 milea back from
kere." A pasaenger across tke aisle
"Well, I wouldn't own tkat
Tm glad I never worked on that
road," concluded tke speaker.
WRITER URSCS NhXESSITY OF
with lUueee er Death While In
On tke physical and mental condi
tion .of the locomotive engineer de
pend tke safety of kla train and tke
Uvea of tke passengers, aaya a writer
In tke Literary Digest. What will
happen If ke suddenly dies or ia taken
Ul? Thie question ia discussed sporad
ically in tke press, and certain types
of locomotive in wklck tke fireman and
ewdaeer are 'widely separated, leav
ing the latter practically alone in his
cab, have been condemned on this
ground. An editorial writer in the
Railway and Engineering Review
(Chicago, July 27) regards it aa re
markable that ao few accidents have
happened from tralaa rannlag with
out control, caused by the sudden ill
ness or sudden death of engineers at
their posts. He. says:
"Occasionally an instance of this
kind has occurred, and in times past
some one would propose, now aad
then, that an extra employe be sta
tioned on each locomotive, like the
lookout on a skip, witk no other duty
than that of' constantly watching
ahead for obstruction. Such a plan
would discover anything wrong with
the engineer In proper time, but the
idea has aever found lavor from pnu
tical considerations. Nevertheless,
every recurring Instance of the sud
den Incapacitation of an engineer sug
gests grave possibilities of an acci
dent. How many of tke accidents
from unexplaJnable causes might have
happened In this way is at least an
interesting thought to reflect upon.
The facts of experience are sufficient
ly numerous to uphold a view of the
reasonableness of such thoughts.
"During the earlx part of this month
we reported a collision which occurred
on the Mobile A Ohio railroad caused
by the engineer of a passenger train
falling unconscious at his post, the
train running past a station where a
stop should have been made, and the
fireman not discovering what" was
wrong in time to stop the train- before
collision with a switch-engine oc
curred. Recently the engineer- of a
passenger train of the Lake Shore A
Michigan Southern railway, approach
lag Cleveland, was overcome by heat
and fell unconscious at the throttle.
Fortunately the fireman observed the
engineer's condition In time to pre
vent accident to the train. During
the same week tke engineer of a
freight train on the Chicago, Rock Is
land A Pacific railway is reported to
have become suddenly insane, and ran
his train a considerable distance at
extraordinary speed, in fear of an
imaginary enemy in. pursuit, in spite
of vigorous efforts of his fireman to
prevent him. Eventually the head
brakeman returned from "a. trip to tke,
rear, and he and the fireman over
powered the unfortunate man and as
sumed control of the train. Accord
ing to the newspaper reports this-ea
gineer had just recovered from a
spell of sickness and bad gone out on
hlsregular run without displaying any
IwJtmWswswsVj eVaf amwsmTJ wMsnvwMVwnsn
seal momsat than u dead man.
cknrncter statsd nave keen
slgaala alone would
at 'the throttle nUgkt. f or obvlbws
at a writ-
aaratively sasaslag. yet tkey have
to call for careful
of N protection. Aa viatbie
evidently be ef
no avail in nek easel, unless tko'fire
maa caanced to notice tke non
obssrvaace of .tunas, tke argument far
automatic control of train fits Buck
emergeaclee witk peculiar adaptability."
Qui Saved Train Crew.
The presence of salad and quick-
of Miss Dorothy Wagner, daugh
ter of John Wagner, One Hundred and
Sixty-eighth street aad tke North,
river. New York, saved six New York
Central traiamen from almost certain
Tke men were on a long freight
train from- Albany, wklck had been
stopped by . signalman owing to a
handcar being stalled ahead of it Miss
Wagaer waa ataadiag. oa the froat
porch of her kome wken tke freight
halted aad glanced down tke track
to aee what the trouble waa.
The tracks curve near, wkere tke
Wagaer house stands, but from her
poeiUou on tke'porck tke girl could
see arouad this down tke tracks. Sud
denly she saw two engines coupled
and drawing a caboose approaching
fast At first she thought the "doable
header" waa on a different track from
tke one upon wkkk tke freigkt train
stood, and wken ske realised tkat they
were on the same track tkey were
only a few rods away. She ran from
the porch, dashed up the steps of the
caboose of the freight train aad shout
ed a' warning to the six men Inside.
They made for the door and jumped
an instant before the. "double-header"
plowed at full speed through the caboose.
The engineer aad fireman of the
"double-header" also jumped just In
time. The former sprained his ankle,
and the train crew of the "double
header," back la the caboose, suffered
slight cuts and bruises from being
flung down by the collision.
POWER OF THE ROTHSCHILDS.
Columbus gets its first
installment of the
good to come from
the rich man's panic
Gerharz Flynn Co,
finds some parties very long; on
goods and very short on cash and
in consequence Platte county peo
ple are going to benefit several
points on their winter clothes.
Good wool underwear at less than
halt Men's cassimere shirts 20 to
30 ofll Duck coats, boys' and
children's suits at panic prices.
In fact everything in this line gets
the knife to kind of equalize things
and enable the Gerharz-Flynn Co.
to send every customer away feel
ing that they have got a good deal
Accumulated Wealth Soon te Make
Influence ef House Enormous.
It has been calculated that at the
present rate of accumulation the
Rothschilds will own by the middle of
the present century some 2,000,000,
000 sterling, or nearly enough to pay
off the national debt three times over.
says a writer ia the Grand Magazine,
of London, England. The imagination
is staggered and fails to realize the
power which is represented by such
figures. It could finance, or it could
stop, a war; it could delay the indus
trial development of a country 'for a
generation; or it could, on the other
hand, enable a country which it fa
rored to beat all its industrial rirais.
A power like this must have Its fingers
on all the arteries through which flows
the life-blood of commerce, the ebb
and flow of which it can regulate ua
NEW MMC STORE
WE have opened a new music
store in the Landon furni
ture store on Eleventh street and
will handle a complete line of first
class pianos. Our prices defy all
competition. Remember we are per
manently located in Columbus.
HENRY J. BECKER, Manager
nnagai anBau .naaanuaw. BaBans bbbbu nhhhhhnnnaw nhBnuu hhhuh. huhr
nWaTaWj nnnnnn nwawawi, fianwawn unnnnnj unnnnnnnnnnnnkv gnWawa wm awn
nwhwhm Kaawam nwhwhwhwhwhwhn nuawawn nwhwhwa nwhwhwhwhwhwhwhwhw awawawawl vhwhwh uaaw "
In view of the money stringency for the holidays we will conduct a bargain sale so
the people of Columbus and adjoining towns can do their Qhristmas shopping for less
money than ever before. It has been some time since we have put on a sale, and as we
have'an exceptionally large stock of merchandise, this is going to be a record breaker.
Read the following prices and figure out your savings:
Latest Styles in Men Suits to be sold at 20 discount
Menu Galawsr Fur Coats ak-Q OA
worth up totl5.00goiagat..tp7TJO
Men's Dnek Coats wortk $J. W
ieaw Corduroy Pants worth a QQ
Ilea's Usok wonted Pants wortk
1.60 going st psr pair
Men's best made Corduroy
Paata worth $4 goiag at.. . .
Meaa all wool Shirts wortk ti
Meaa fleeced lined Uaderwear
worth 68e garsssat goiag at..
Men's all wool Sweaters worth
$1.50 going at
frost 7ie to 91
. - z : --,.----. p.
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Cettoa growing In Pern dates hack -. . .. ,
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I Mem Practical. I .
I mj?!! ear tkt Prowaaor I
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g I assayJsrtaVayer. - "; I fT " I ant; kwtJf he would I Tl
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I YswaennrmillymTitadtoBttea4taeaslewaa4hsryoukuyeraoL I to "a wife wken he cornea I "
" m Mnwo i- . tmo -tI flmmk ke would I 4
M IXBMB-CmmmjmfrUmmwmtogkmmattittimtwHk if. f karu a more apnreciativn auawaam? I - '
v Jlj. I -NaahTHH innaarteanT I -
ssssssssar u. t muit. i jfijtets-i -
, V - I AWBV Z. WBBBH BBI BM BBBBBBBBM B HI BBBB' WW BBBH BBi m BBB
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BE5Sijr. C.JA:- ;-fcKiniTSCt :
BBBTHJ LaifclMi i flTMBmTM.riiiilTM rwlkfTMli irr'' rz.-r - T-T'Ji'V -LisiaBJBBaM.- rrtoi--&t JkMnrntwJrr iMi r ii 3iljr - ;VvL 3'L '"T ii V- r'--&.J-- rl' 'w5 r -1 ? T 1Zi - V ii-I'-c : Vv--w.;
- -- -' "-rni -t imitibi i bbbmbbt ma jiiiw ! ii- I miTififfTi niMguBBininimri"-! r. i i - jl a-!"'
' Overalls worth
Ladies' Cloaks worth $12.00 at A Qfi
Ladies' black Martia Fan -f A A fL
worth $10 going at tjj'p'0
Martia Fura worth $6 going Wat yj.ft
Martia Fan worth $1.50 dgll CkSL
goiag at tpiuTJO
Ladies' black sateen Petticoats yfQ
worth $1 going at fT7"-
Bitr line of Men's Mackin- 4-t OJnV
toshes worth I0.S0 goingat.fpO70
Bur Hoe Ladies' Fascinston worth
$1.50 to $3 going at
Ladies' and Men's Night-Gowns
worth $1.50 to $2 going at
Big discount on fine Ladies' Dress Skirts.
Child's bear ak Coats, sizes
2 to 6, worth $4 to $40 g0 Oft
nag at qwjsfe 7 J
Men's heavy wool Socks 50e per pair
Meals Boekford Socks worth 15c
goiag at per pair
Big discount on Ladies'
Children's and Men's Shoes.
Big line of Ladies', Chil
dren's and Men's rubber
Arctics at a big discount.
A big discount on Boys'
Nice line of Rugs to be
sold at a big discount.
Pearl Buttons 2c doz.
Fins lc paper.
Sale Begins Saturday, Dec. 7, Closes Tues., Dec. 24
:. j jj: a
419 Eleventh hW
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