The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 04, 1907, Image 4

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Secretary Taft is hurrying home
from his trip around the world, bat
wherever he has been as a represen
tative of bis country, be has attend
words of wisdom and of cbeer, aad
bat bean hospitably received.
Tbe panic of 1907, m will be known
benafter, is practically over. People
bare received a bard jolt, tbat is alL
We ware proceeding at too rapid a
gait Prices were continually being
forced no aad an. Tbere bad to be a
atop sometime. Tbe break caa
sooner aad sore audden than it was
looked for, tbat is all. Everybody
will economic for awhile at least, aad
tbe baainnai interests will fed it to a
smaller or greater extent, but tbere
will be no bard times, or deasocratic
tinMS as in 1892-3. Then, as soon as
it was known in November tbat a
desaocratic president was elected, and
tbat tbe next congress would so reduce
tbe tariff on all manufactured goods
that these goods could be nude
abroad, and imported into this coun
try, our factories shut down and be
came idle, all prices declined, and
these distressing times kept up for
years until tbe people got a chance to
place the republican party and the
republican policies into power and into
operation. . We are not talking poli
tics, but'good common sense, when we
say, let the American people stand by
tbe republican party, and their pros
perity and their happiness is assured.
again in session. Many
bilk will be introduced, and compar
atively few will become laws. This
being the year just before presidential
election, speeches of all kinds and de
scriptions will be made for political
Practically every senator and
will think be has the
correct solution for our financial
troubles. It is a question whether any
laaacial legislation will be accom
plished at this session. Tbe average
natioaal bank has a capital stock of
about $50,000 aad deposits of the peo
ple's money of about $300,000. The
bankers will loan out their deposits
on approved security, but should all
tae aeposuors Decome scared at one
time and want to withdraw their de
posits, trouble can come at any time.
Of course it is not often that people
will bring their money to deposit in a
bank, and without cause will all with
draw. A bank, in order to attract all
these huge deposits is known to be
conservative, safe and honest Of
course, the government could guaran
tee all deposits in national banks, but
then they would want absolute con
trol and some' pay for it, or if the
banks would form a combination or
trast and guarantee all deposits, they
would want control and pay. It is
our opinion that conservative and safe
banks like our Columbus banks, need
no more banking laws, and our de
positors no more protection.
The big elephant has always been
pictured as the emblem of the republi
can party and the donkey as the
emblem of tbe democratic party. The
"peerless leader," in his but speech at
$3.00 banquet at Washington, D. C,
the donkey, sayiag while the
DtAt fcarraw
Have your own.
Have a Victor. A small payment down
and a dollar a week
soloists; the great hands and orchestras; the
popular ballad singers; the comic song hits
a world of melody and fan,
tell you all about the easy-payment
plan today if
For sale by
k if only
while the
donkey caa be mat anywhere, mares
lw -.
live on bat little,
and asaally is' the.friead.of tbe oom-
Thc democratic editors
do not take kindly to this eulogy, so a
coriespoBdentaf tbe Chicago Tribune
recommends to the democrats a new
symbol in place ol the donkey, and
mentions the following to eaoeaefrem:
The lion, because it is the king of
beasts and can whip the slsphaat
. Tbe Owl, becanse it is the symbol
of wisdom and says notiuaebet that
would not & for the "peerless leader."
The Booster, became it is an em
blem of victory, can crow, strut and
The Dog, the friend of the eommoa
people, the symbol of vigilance and
The Turkey, the most popular bird
in November, when the. election takes
Tbe Camel, symbol of patience, in
dustry aad usefulness. Caa go a long
time without water.
Tbe Cat, hard to kill, baviag nine
lives, popular with the old maids.
The Goat, caa leap from crag to
crag, from platform to platform, caa
live on anythiag, knows bow to take a
joke aad butts in where angels fear to
But after all is said and done, the
donkey, being stupid, stubborn and
buy, will no doubt always stand for
the democratic party.
At Washington, November 21, Mr.
William J. Bryan, tbe well known ex
pert on financial questions, advanced
an interesting scheme. He proposed
that by act of congress the government
guarantee all deposits in natioaal
banks, the banks in turn to "agree to
reimburse the government for any
losses incurred." Thus would peace
of-mind and assurance of pocket be
the constant companions of depositors
in national banks and, oozing from
them, bring comfort to all.
Tbe particular ground upon which
this scheme is open to criticism is. its
limited scope. It is subject to at least
a- suspicion of special if not of class
legislation. The total deposits of the
country in banks of all kinds, national,
savings, state, private and in', loan
and trust companies, are reported as
exceeding $12,000,000,000. About
one-third of the sum is deposited in
national banks. A considerable per
centage of the national bank deposits
is the loose change of malefactors of
great wealth. Most of the money of
the "peepul" is in the other institu
tions, for which Mr. Bryan proposes
no guarantee. His disregard of this
fact comes as a surprise and startles us.
We respectfully propose an exten
sion of Mr. Bryan's plan. We suggest
that the government guarantee the
whole $12,000,000,000, that it also
guarantee all commercial credits, all
products of the soil, the mines, the
forests and the fisheries, tbe volume of
water in our rivers and all other inter
ests directly or indirectly subject to
guarantee. It is to be understood, of
course, that all government guarantees
are to be guaranteed by some other
guarantor. The process is amazingly
simple, and there can be no doubt that
it would be a panacea for all our
financial -and commercial woes aad
trials. Such a broad plan would re
lieve the Bryan idea of all taint or
suspicion of special legislation. A
weary world has been waiting long for
a scheme which would give equal value
to the speculations of the foolish and
the investments of the wise. New
York Sun.
"Is there km poverty or less crime
in England under free trade than
there was under protection? To what
extent has Cobden's great fight for free
trade improved the general condition?
No country in the world exhibits so
painfully and so publicly the squalor
and suffering of the poor as free trade
England. There are slums in New
utiir fm
Have it at heme.
gives you the errand
youll call.
ulna heat is big and
HI Crier
Y line of Gxoomv'
lea is new did
aMoiuteiy iresn.
S ThA rmwst brands of
I canned goods. Cof-
mjb, vomm auu sjfMva t
of the best quality.
f ISamtllthSt.
Ind. Phone 277 Bell 226 I
York, but London is all slums. The
miserv of the noor aad the vices to
which tbe poor fly for an anodyne to
misery overflow the precincts of the
East Ead and stain Mayfair. If-selfishly
bent, a man caa escape the evi
dences of haniu suffering ia an Amer
ican city. The people of Fifth avenue
aught never know that tbere was such
a thing as abject poverty if they did
not see it in its least uafavorable
aspect from a cab window while on
their way to their country bouses on
Long Island or in New Jersey. ' But
in London there is no escape. Base,
brutalizing poverty sweeps along Park
Lane aad gases with sorrowful, cow
ardly eyes at the palaces of South
African millionaires. It crowds the'
June morning parade of smart ladies
in Bond street It touts for cabs or
needlessly sweeps crossings in front of
the restaurants. It fills the Strand
with drunkards and Ficcadily with
prostitutes. It is to be seen in the
squares of the fashionable neighbor
hoods, where its presentment is
drunken women asleep with their
babies in tveir
England may
be the richest country in the world,
but London is a swamp of dreadful
poverty. In degree the provincial
cities are as bad. Who that has ever
seen them can forget the palpable
miseries of the poor of Edinburg and
Glasgow and Dublin? There is little
choice between Manchester, the home
of Richard Cobden, and Birmingham,
the home of Joseph Chamberlain, the
protectionist It would be pretty hard
to convince one of the thousands of
London who 'sleep out' or 'does' in in
fected lodging houses that any benefit
has arisen from free trade." Ameri
can Magazine.
Dr. George M. Btratton, professor of
experimental psychology in Johns
Hopkins university, delivered an ad
dress a few days ago before more than
a hundred nurses of the hospitals of
Baltimore and declared that music
would be a vital factor in treating the
sick in the near future. He said:
Physicians have all agreed that
there is nothing more helpful to a
patient in a hospital, or even in the
home, than melody of some kind. The
singing or humming of some familiar
tune is beneficial. Experiments have
proved music to be exceptionally relia
ble in being able to produce that
serenenem of mind so essential in the
life of a patient when he is convales
cing. When one lies helpless upon a
bed his emotions are brought to tbe
surface. Ofttimes they are in a tur
moil, and maay times they drift along
in channels which are not' good, for
them. In other words, a person sick
becomes depressed and sad. He takes
a rather gloomy view of life, and des
pite all your talking and words of
cheer that you briag to him some of
them never are wholly free from this
Dr. Stratum's ideas, if generally
accepted and carried iato' practice,
would mean a revolution in the meth
ods now employed for traiaiag nurses.
Of course it would not mean that every
aarse should beaMelba, for Dr. Btrat
ton believes that the simple songs,
sang by a eweet voice not necessarily
highly trained, are the. best for tbe
We ase muck of rood sense in the
learned doctor's words. A nana who
can sing a tender little song hi a
ssslhiag way is a nurse who baa sym
pathy m her heart aad a big
ofkiadaemiahar soaL The
nwna would hi nine eases oetef ten be
a goad aad gentle arsr,one wheat
at the bedside weald help a
as the
i I
placed and the medical desas aha ad-
Bv all 'means let the
test be' accepted. The muse
"high-strung" aad not capable of per
forating aueh duties as the hospital
ward requires. And agaiast the state -
meat that aMsie is a good thiag for
the sick we shaU ofer no denial, for a
aong hap helped aaaay a auterer back
to health aad saved aumy a dying per
son from the gnvc-r-Liacola Star.
Are railroads uader any obligation
to rua their. traias on the published
schedules? Orkkmir to fasten such
an oUigatioa upon them? Oklahoma
our new frontier of reform, answers
yrs to both questions It is proposed
to order the roads to furnish full aad
accurate information of the running of
traias in order that the public amy
know what to expect. This at least
seems reasonable. This practice of the
roads has been to assume that the peo
ple could not stand the strong: meat of
truth. When atraia is seven hours
late inteadiag pamongrri are told it is
three.' When they appear at the ead
of three hours they are advised that it
will be one hour more. At the end of
one hour they discover another exten
sion, and so are let down easily bat
to their great inconvenience. Okla
homa travelers propose to know the
truth in advance. Furthermore,
when a train is to be more than an
hoar behind time the road is required
to send out a special train on the pub
lished schedule.
Unexpected results sometimes flow
from such experiments. The Okla
homa railroad commimoB may find it
self subsequent to the enforcesseat of
this rule under the necessity of forcing
the roads to increase their speed sche
dules. The roads will be likely to re
duce speed in order to reduce the risk
of ute trains. Patient America will
hope for wholly good results. The
confiscation of railroad property with
out due process of law with which the
railroads so freely charge tbe public
is nothing to the confiscation of the
public's shining hours without due
process of law which the railroads
have accomplished by the irregularity
of their passenger trains. State Jour-aL-
Women as Story-Makers.
Women write with color and spirit;
an unexpected number of them are
showing genuine humor. A few hare
brute force, as welL Women moral
ists have the sense, too, of situation;
they construct plots that are intricate
aad then carry'' them through with
dash. They manufacture good dia
logue, aad they know human nature
uader all aspects save one. The wom
an who knows man is yet to come.
She can handle him domestically, per
haps, though there is often more of
masculine objection to a fuss than
great feminine diplomacy in his con
cessioas. But she cannot maneuver
aim la a book. Man. though, has
plummeted woman's heart and chart
ed it better than she could do herself.
Until she can do as much for him, he
has ao fear of being entirely ousted
from the field of fiction. Cleveland
Through Purifying Process.
A business man who had purchased
a Salvation Army paper from one of
the blue-bonneted peddlers, handed
her a five-dollar bill which he asked
her to turn into the treasury with his
compliments. As she thanked him, he
said: "How do you know how I
made that money? Perhaps It Is
tainted." She looked at the money
for a moment, and then folded It up
and put It in her purse, as she an
swered:' "No money can be so bad
that it cannot be fumigated In passing
through our treasury. In this gift, sir,
you have done good for yourself, good
for the army, and good for some poor
sinner who needs aid. How can money
be tainted that does so much?"
For Speed
Safety, Surety
. A solid rondbed is es
sential Visibility
Speed in the Under
wood (TnbnIator)type
writer, are supported
by perfectly balanced
ft House Full or Rousing Furolture Be
Dining Tables, Buffets
Sideboards, China Clo
sets and everything in
stock marked in big
plain flguresonalarge
green tag at prices
that will make yon
stop and think.
wiNG to the recent financial trouble, we have not had the trade
we expected. For that reason we started tiw hnlirtsvw anasnn
Monday with the greatest bargain sale of high grade furniture ewer
known in Columbus. We have to make room for goods already pur
chased and arriving every d.y. Every article marked with a large
Green Tag, showing you in plain figures the exceptional bargains we
are onering.
A Large Selection of Leather Couches
is LAN DON 'Ss-
Incident that Caused Consternation to
Railroad Officials.
"I must ten you of an exciting scene
I witnessed In the general manager's
omce in Chicago," said an old railroad
"The Jarrett aad Palmer train from
New York to San Francisco was taken
charge of at Clinton by Superintend
ent Oliver and Conductor Charles Hoi
ton, and the engine was run by
Thomas Keefe. The train had the
right of way over the road, and there
was ao time table.
"The engineer and conductor were
Instructed to go through to Council
Bluffs Just as quick aa steam could do
It The telegraph operators at each
station were directed to notify the
general manager's omce, Chicago, of
fee moment the locomotive came la
sight of the statkm.
"In the once were Keep, Hughltt,
Porter, Stennett, Wheeler and other
Interested spectators, all eagerly
watching the progress of the train
across Iowa.
"Between Fairfax aad Norway there
is but one curve. The train passed
Fal-tax going finely, and just before
it reached the curve which would
bring it in sight of Norway.a coupling
pin between the baggage and smok
ing car came out, and the. engineer,
calling for. brakes, pushed ahead and
rounded the curve, while the brake
man stopped tbe train before it
reached thehead la the curve.
The operator at Norway saw the
headlight of the locomotive, aad, rush
ing Into the office, telegraphed train
in sight' While the operator was
sending the dispatch the engineer
backed the locomotive around the
curve to pick up the balance of the
train, and, of course, went out of
sight of the Norway station.
"So when the operator stepped to
the- door to see the. train, pass it was
not in sight, and he excitedly rushed
back to the Instrument and tele
graphed: Train disappeared.'
"Instantly the company la the Chi
cago office became wildly excited.
Hughltt was the tret to speak, and
bringing down his fist with such force
that the papers on the table fell la all
directions, cried: The whole train
has gone to a 1, Just as I expected!'
"Hardly had the words passed his
lips, when Norway telegraphed:
" Trala passed O.K.
"Aad the special sped onward Into
the night on Its record-breaking trip."
Two Engineers In the Cab.
'There have been of late so many
cases of sudden disablement of the
engineer at the throttle, thereby leav
ing the train without control, as to
lead to renewed discussion of the
question of placing two engineers in
the cab. at least In the more import
ant fast trains, says a writer in the
Scientific American. There was a
time, in the days of smaller locomo
tives, when the fireman had more
leisure than now for general observa
tion, both of the signals aad of con
ditions In the cab. He. was in closer
touch with the engineer. Today, how
ever, the locomotives have Increased
to such large dimensions that the
attention aad energy of the fireman
are fully occupied in keeping the huge
furnaces fully supplied with fuel and
the boiler with water. Not ao very
many years ago , square feet of
heating surface was the maximum to
be found on most of even the largest
engines, but today the standard en-
press passenger engine win" have from
2,sa to 3,ee square feet ef
aad the most powerful
motives from 4.W9 ta MM
feet From persona experience
riding la the cab of fast and heavy
passeager trains, we know that what
time the fireman Is not seoreMnc eeal
he is attendlan to hm mJeeter or aaar.
lag ahead for the first gompee ef the J
signals, it m oar eouvttqeu
locomotives have grown to
that the railroad management
give careful eoaafderatlon to the
Uou of placing a third person nt the
cab of the largest eagines far mn
poses of observation, and thm la par
Ocularly necessary on these lommi
ttvea la which the engineer's can m
separate from that of the
RfJweT eVJ6VJenjKlvV aPfuTrJuTPVems
Daring the past ton years epmknet.
endeavors to ami eome bettor ana
atmctSen to replace copper hueaeaea.
Mr. Brotan, Inspector aad bub win
tondeat the jncnhsnaf the Jsaoni
imamum ... . . ,.
Be Sure and Attend
wSmnM aTlsyjEmmwS
aad Imperial Austrian' State railway,
at Gmund, has now invented a water
tube firebox, which has been la use
for some time, with the very heat re
sults. Upright seamless steel tubes, ar
ranged in rows, with their ends rolled
into a cast-steel pipe,form the bound
ary at the sides and rear of the rect
angular combustion chamber, from
which the gases of combustion pass
-forward through the iron tube plate
iato the fire tubes of the boiler. In
order that the foremost water tube
may adapt itself to the curvature of
the tube plate, the lateral wan tubes
are beat so as to correspond to the
circumference of the fire tube boil
er. To the rearmost lateral wall tubes
there are connected the rear wall
pipes, which are arranged close to
gether in concentric curres and
encircle the fire door. The space un
der the fire door aad tube plate is
lined with fire clay. The uppa- tube
ends are rolled from below radially
Into the rear portion of the steam col
lector of a second boiler lying abo7e
the fire tube boiler, and projecting to
wards the rear; this second boiler car -
ries the steam dome, and is connected
to tho fire tube boiler
by means of
three stays. Technical
World Mag
Intellectual Life
Living Authors.
Shaped by
Journeymen writers
all that almost all
leans read, says Walter Page la
the Atlantic This Is a fact
that we lore to fool ourselves
about We talk about "literature"
and we talk about "hack writers," Im
plying that the reading we do u of lit
erature. The truth all the while Is,
we read little else than the writing of
the hacks living hacks, that Is, men
women that write for pay. We
hug the notion that our life and
thought are not really affected by cur
rent literature, that we read the liv
ing writers only for utilitarian reasons
aad that our real intellectual life la
fed by the great dead writers. But
this delusion does not
the fact that the Intellectual
Hfe even of most educated persons,
and certainly of the mass of the popu
lation, is fed chiefly by the writers of
our owa time. Let us hope that the
great writers of the past do set the
standards whereby a few Judge the
writing of the present But even if
this be true, it is still true also that
the Intellectual life of the American
people Is chiefly shaped by current
The Family's Night Out
la one large family a pegboard on
which the members can record their
outgoing and incomings at night is a
valuable article. It is a board with
holes in it like a cribbage board, ar
ranged In two vertical columns. Each
column' has as maay holes as there
are persons in the family, with the
names In between. When "George"
goes out he puts his peg In the "out"
column and when he comes In he
puts it back In the "in." The last one
who puts the last "In" for the night
has to lock the door and make things
for the niaht
Condon &
Mid an
Our Big
Beds, Dressers, Com
modes, Chiflbniiiers,
Music Gabiiets,ladie'
Desks, Parlor Goods,
Den Suits, Iaihrary and
Parlor Tables, etc., at
prices that is sure to
Family Prepares) ear Hies
Tea dent knew what treuMo m
when you're Just merely married.'
snapped the head of an East End fam
ily, as he sat in hie office looking ever
a bunch of newly arrived hllla.
"No air." he declared with the air
of a man .who knows Just a thiag or
two of what ae'a talhiag about, "a
married man isn't really hs trouble
until he has a big family partly grewa.
"Here's a bunch of little fsrget-me-aots
about the folks at nesne the mall
carrier Just hsndsd ta me. Aad when
I get home 111 probably ran into sssne
taing else to make me sweat
"Night before last when I ant heme
I found my two oldest girla were pat
ting over some sort of a social affair,
and it didn't look Ike any cheap skate
sort of an affair, either. Before I get
to our bedroom two of the
girls called me in to see the
they had bought that afternoon te
take to some birthday party they
1 were larited to the aext afternoon. A
' adnute later my wife called me in ta
see a new dress that our oldest
ter had bought that day. It
much of n garment either. Just a
little measly C4 outfit at that While
we were looking at that my
girl she's Just turned eight J
bussing in aad wanted
ey to run up to the corner after
Ice cream. She wasn't In en
the party down below and
some entertainment
"'WelL' my wife remarked
that time, "you'd bettor hurry and get
into your drees suit Ton know we
are going out tale evening.'
"'No.' I says. 1 guess I'd better
sneak back to the office aad get to
work again.'
"Nice. Jolly evealag off K. wasn't
Itr Cleveland Plata
A Real Practical Cardan
Saying that the conventional
garden was a misnomer. Mrs. Aatenle
Bellestri of l. Hillen street bnOt n
real garden on her roof
a variety of vegetables. Stalks
com, wnlch is only oae of the
vegetables she raises, can be seen
from the street, and attract much at
tention. The inability to buy vegetahMa In
the market caused Mrs. Bellestri to
conceive ine men or a
Procuring several store boxes
depth of about six feet she
them with rich soil end planted the
seeds. The growth ef the plants
was watched with keen interest, and
to her delight the vegefshles she de
sired came In abundance, and she had
more than could be need by her urns.
ily. Those that she does net una
sent to her Meade.
Several crone are
besides corn and
sereni Italian plants that
well la the rich sett
. Baltimore I
Phonographs I
The latest songs on
Gold Moulded
We are sole agents in this
city for the Colombia Phon
ograph and carry a com
plete line of ti&ir- goods.
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