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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 2, 1907)
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(Explosion of the Earth,
e frequently hear the theory ad
vanced that the planets and sons ex
ptoae .-and -that-oar-own earth might
possibly explode -from-peat-up forces
within. A' high explosive exerts about
the limit of pressure capable of being
exertedby gased' set free and expand
ed "by- the heat-"gene"rated" by 'any
chemical reaction. Such- a pressure, J
great as it is, is lar too mstgnlncant to
explode the earth. Were the whole
great molten jaterlor. of our globe to
be replaced by 'dynamite and detonat
ed, the explosion would not lift the
earth's crust. vWe have but to calcu
late the weight of a" column of gran
ite of a height equal to the thickness
of the earth's crust to see that the
' pressure of the crust on the molten in
terior far exceeds 'the pressure exert
ed by exploding dynamite.1 We have
seen that the speed of the detbnativc
wave te about four miles per second.
The speed of the earth in its orbit is
foar times as great, declares Hudson
Maxim, in the Independent If, there
fore, the interplanetary space of our
solar system were to be filled with an
explosive mixture capable of being de
tonated and consumed with the speed
of dynamite, and if this were to be set
off Jast behind the earth in its orbit,
the earth would not feel it, but would
rapidly rush away from the wave of
explosion, pass clear around the sun.
and come back again to meet it more
than six months later. It would take
early a year for such a detonative
wave to reach our sun 'from the earth.
If the earth Itself were a ball of dyna
mite, it would require half an hour to 1
explode; and If the sun were a mass
of dynamite, it would require about
two and a half days to explode.
New Customs Regulations.
With a view to securing greater
courtesy and dignity in the adminis
tration o' the customs laws, the treas
dry department has issued a series of
instructions to inspectors, copies of
which will be furnished to each pas
senger on incoming steamers from for
eign countries. For the purpose of
customs administration, passengers
are divided into non-residents of the
United States and residents. This
classification has no reference to citi
zenship. Non-residents are of three
classes: actual residents of foreign
countries; persons who have been
abroad with a fixed foreign abode for
one year or more, who elect to declare
as non-residents, and "persons who
have been' abroad' for two years, with
or without a fixed place of .- foreign
abode, who elect to declare as non-res!-'
dents. Besidents, include all', others.
There is no, limit to thea value of arti
cles which non-residents may bring in
free af 4laty, explain the Youth's Com
panion, providedpt6y are articles ac
tually accompanying" the passenger,
and necessary, andfappropriate for his
or her use for the 'purposes of the
journey and present comfort and con
venience, ,and not', intended, for other
persons or for- .sale. ' Residents may
bring in all wearing apparel and other
personal effects which they took
abroad with them, if not remodeled
abroad to the value of $100, if the arti
cles are not 'for sale. Under the new
regulations passengers are not re
quired to make oath to their declara
tions. The offer of a bribe or a "tip"
to a customs officer will continue to be
held as a violation of the law.
The cottage in East Hampton, Long
Island, where John Howard Payne
lived as a boy when his father was
principal of Clinton academy in the
village, will be preserved for many
years to come. Its site is needed to
make room for a new church, and the
cottage was in danger of destruction.
An admirer of "Home, Sweet Home"
has bought the building it Is more
than 200 years old and will move it
to another site and remodel its in
terior for use as a summer home. The
outside will be unchanged, so that
those may be gratified who wish to
see the place which Payne had in
mind when he wrote, "Be it ever so
humble, there's no place like home."
After all, it was not shocked mod
esty on the part of King Edward that
led him to leave the theater at
Ifarlenbad in a huff. In fact, it wasn't
the naughty song at all that offended
him, but another which seemed to
show disrespect to a local abbot who
had been his host at a recent dinner.
Thus is another beautiful vision of
virtuous royalty destroyed.
That rich New York young woman
who has discarded stockings and other
articles of apparel which she deems
saperlaoua probably will make some
concessions to the Gotham climate a
little later in the year.
That New York wife who is going to
allow her husband to get a divorce be
cause he loves another woman may
figure that the neatest way to get re
venge is to let the other woman have
It is estimated that American tour
ists took $150,MMO8 to Europe this
sanuaer. No wonder Europeans occa
sionally feel a little superior.
The modem girl has too little to oc
cupy her mind, according to Hetty
Green. What does Hetty think the
modern man Is doing?
' Michigan Is trying to get the "lying
rollers" to leave the state and will not
insist on their lying or rolling provid
ed they ro-
I The State Capital I
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jMaHeri af Geaei-aJ Mart!
j -j The Express Case.OecWan.
-Jddge W. H. Munger.jn his opinion
in ihe Nebraska expreariTcase, .had
this. to say: . - T . "
j" Under the judiciary acto entitle
a party to remove on the ground of
diversity of citizenship th're must be
a-'controversy between citizens of dif
ferent states. A state is not a dti
zen,( within the meaning of the Judi
ciary act, but" it karguedthat as the
state has no interest in'the contro
versy which entttleV'lt to maintain
the'action, therefore, if ira.mere nom
inal party, "v? r
"We have just held in the case of
the 'State of "Nebraska against the
Board of. .' Railway. .. Commissioners
against the ,Caicaga, Burlington as
Quincj, railroad, brought in the su
preme 'court of the state "for a like
purpose "and "'removed to ,this, opnrt,
that the action was a removable one
on the ground' of .diverse citizenship
for the reason that the state, though
named as a party complainant, had
not such an interest as' entitled it to
maintain the action .and hence was a
mere nominal party, and that thecal,
controversy, was between the hoard
af railway commissioners, authorized
to TPfttntain the action, and the rail;
road company. In this case, if there
is a controversy at all. it is between
the state and the express company.
Whether or not such a controversy
zko. be maintained by the state it is
unnecessary for us. to decide. We
are only to determine whether or not
there is a -controversy between citi
zens of different states Finding there
'& no such controversy the case is not
-emovable on the ground of diversity
"Without the emergency clause the
!aw did not go into' effect until July
S, it is contended, and that the defen
dants were not required to put the re
duced rates into effect until thirty
jays thereafter; that the action be
ing brought on the 5th of July was
prematurely brought and therefore
presents a federal question. We can
not agree to this contention. The
mere fact that an action is premature
ly brought cannot be said to present
a federal question within the mean
ing of the judiciary act. If that should
ibe so in a case of, this character it
would be so in every action brought
by one individual against another pre
maturely to recover on a promissory
note or other cause of action.
"For the reasons given, the motion
to remand is sustained and the case
remanded to the supreme court of the
4 State 'Wants Pension Money.".
JThe board of public lands-. and
buildings is considering the adoption
oi a'rule that will' compel members
of the soldiers' homes who receive
-more than $12 a month to pay a per
centage of their pensions to the cash
funds of the homes. Until recently
very few soldiers received -more than?
$12 a month pension.-but now many
receive 'more. The policy of -the hoard!
was to permit pensioners' who re
ceived $12 a month to retain all 'the
pension money, but to pay to the
home all in excess of that amount.
As few received more than that the
payments to the home have been very
smalL Governor Sheldon was not en
tirely in favor of the proposed rule,
but it received considerable support
from Land Commissioner Eaton, Sec
retary of State Junkin, Attorney Gen
eral Thompson and Treasurer Brian.
The rule which appeared to meet with
favor from a majority is as follows:
"All who are members of the home
at the time of the adoption of these
rules, or who may hereafter become
such, who are receiving or who may
hereafter receive a pension in excess
of $12 and not more than $19, shall
pay into the cash found of the home
1C per cent of the amount; $20 and
not more than $23, 20 per cent; $24'
and not more than $28, 30 per cent.
In cases where any member is receiv
ing $30 or more, he shall pay such an
amount as the commandant and the
board may deem just. .
High School Qualify.
State Superintendent McBrien is re
quiring pupils of high schools who
take the normal training course-to
pledge themselves that they will com
plete the course. The law requires
them to remain in class eighteen
weeks and there must be ten in a
class. Each high school that qualifies
will receive from the state $350 a
year. Some of the schools that have
qualified and the number in the class
are as follows: Holdrege, 44; Lex
ington, 34; Hebron, 30; Geneva, 29;
Hastings, 21; North Platte, 24; West
.Point, 13; Wisner, 18; Fairfield, 12;
Fire Protection at State House.
The old state house couldn't burn
now if it wanted to. The water has
been turned on in the new anti-fire
pipes and the hose is all ready for a
conflagration. This was all done out
of the appropriation made by the leg
islature last winter. Incidentally the
building has settled two or three in
ches since the session. Several days
ago a creaking and cracking and
groaning was heard in Superintendent
McBrien'a office and the plaster
popped over the door and the loor
dropped at least a fraction of an inch.
Vacancy in Legislature.
Lancaster county has a vacancy in
Its legislative delegation, the Hon.
Joseph Burns, state senator, has
moved to Colorado, and at the pri
maries no one lied as a candidate and
no application has been made 'to Gov
ernor Sheldon to include the filling of
the vacancy, in his election proclama
tion. Senator Burns has been missed
front his favorite haunts for a long
time and It developed that he had
moved to Colorado, there to look after
a young fortune he is tending By
.S'KMWMai MEN PIAN
t , AFRICAN EMPIRE
?riw question involved in this ease ' TT.
AjC". . -T r ,-
w whetner the action may be removea
iirto the United States drcalt court,
fche solution of this' aueetion defends
anon; the construction of the act f
congress of March 3; 1887; which gives 1
cognizance to the circuit court, of the
United States of all aafis' of a civil
nature, at common lhw-or U;eaity
in which there shall fhe-ra con
troversy between citizens otdjfferent
states.' in which the' matter 'contro
versy exceeds exclusive of -" Interest
and costs the sum of $2,00f.s.T,j , '
"The complainants contend.that the
action does not come lthin the
statute for the reason' that $he act of
congress refers only to controversies
between .citizens of different states
and not to controversies between the
state and 'citizens. '
"The fact that the suit is1 brought
.in the name of the state does not de
termine whether or not the state' la
really a party in interest,
Judge Monger then quotes fronvnu
merous opinions in state and federal
courts bearing on this question and
on -the one referring to the point of
pecuniary interest.the state may have
in ' the controversy. Analyzing var
ious cases, Judge Hunger finds that
they are not wholly analogous to the
one in controversy, as in each case
cited by the attorney general, the
state had some sort of actual Inter
est; either of 'property, or .tor.enercise
police power in direct prosecution or
suit for penalties.
"It Is' also contended that in case
of doubt, it is the duty of the court
to remand the case to the' state court.
This is not the rule of the circuit
court of appeals for this circuit.
"But no doubt is entertained that
the state of Nebraska in this case has
no real interest as an artificial per
son and therefore the motion to re
mand will be overruled." I
State University Again at Work.
Students are coning in and the
largest attendance in the history "of
the institution is registered.
From the registration so far it ap
pears that 'the engineering depart
ments are the' chief attraction 'for men
at the university. There has been 'a
'decided gain in engineering courses
ever the attendance last year. The
forestry department also shows an in-'
crease. The academic college seems
to prove a less and less attraction
every, year for the men who come to
college, and this year has been no
exception. The women still outrank
the men five to one in this depart
ment. This year they have taken
more than usual interest in the scien
tific courses, and here -the ratio be
tween, the sexes promises to be much
less than, it was a year ago, Last
year the academic college was attend;
ed by 1,039 students, and .the. indus
trial by 1.0SC. There was.about an
equal number of men and women in
the two, taken together, but the .in
dustrial had a large majority of men,
while the academic drew a large share
oi the women. The 'schools of musio
and fine arts registered mere than
600-, students last year,-and only about
3 per cent were men.- This year will
show about the same ratio.
Appraising Western Land.
Western county boards are .busy apr
praisng the state lands for leasing
purposes, and when, the report of. Per
kins county, which was the first .to ar
rive, reached Land Commissioner
Eaton 'he was surprised at the man
ner in which- land values of .that
county had taken to the toboggan
slide. He had heard of land values
for Perkins county as high .as .$15
per acre and none lower than $5. But
the county commissioners informed
him that the school land was worth
only from 40 cents to $2 per acre, most
of it being listed at 50 cents.' The
commissioner will reject this appraise
ment He refuses to believe the land
has had such a drop in value because
of good crops. and plenty of moisture.
Other western counties are being
apprased, and the commissoner is
awaiting their figures with consider
able interest. He wonders whether
other county commissioners will be
willing to put such a blot upon the
land prices In their counties.
Government Janitor Discharged.
John H. Leckliter, janitor of the
federal building, is said to have re
ceived a discharge from the govern
ment to take effect September 30, but
his friends are moving to have him re
instated. As the position is a civil
service job' a discharge must be for
cause'. Mr. Leckliter was serving his
six months probationary period. At
the end of that time a recommenda
tion for reappointment is necessary
to enable the applicant to hold his
place. In the case of Mr. Leckliter it
is understood that he not only failed
to get a recommendation from Custo
dian Burgess but that his discharge
; '-. 2
Railroad Men Explain.
C. E. Spens general freight agent
of the Burlington and General Super
intendent Byram of the same road,
called on the railway commission.
They discussed classification and
talked of a .complaint filed by John
G.- Hengen of Crete concerning' an 'al
leged overcharge on a car of lumber'
from Clearmont Miss., to Crete. The
defense of the road is that the two
local tariffs were added together as
permitted by the interstate com
Work In Campaign.
Senator Burkett left for Washing
ton to aid Mrs. Burkett in getting lo
cated so that the children can start
into school. He will return to Lincoln
shortly to take part in the fall cam
paign wherever he can be of service.
Food Commissioner -J. W. Johnson
is sending notice to meat packers,
meat dealers and all. persons selling'
meat for use In Nebraska containing
a warning' about the sale of short
weight packages or packages which
are not branded with the net weight
AMMTMHIS SCHEME IN WHICH
NEW YORK MILLIONAIRES
WILL INVEST MONEY.
FAITftEIS OF A MOWAICH
Thatnaa T. Ryan, James D. Stillman,
' John.D. Rockefeller, 'Jr., and Oth-
' era- Have Joined King Leopold in
Effort to Open Up Dark Continent
and Incidentally 'to Turn Their
Millions Into Billions.
New York. In the heart ofvEqua-torial-
Africa a group of New York
I milllonarles has acquired an empire.
i Oat of this empire, representing in
direct and indirect control a region of
1CC.M aaaare miles, they expect to
increase their millions, perhaps to
turn them into billions.
The menwho are exploiting this
untrodden wilderness of forest, moun
tain, jungle and morass are Thomas
F. Ryan. James D. Stillman, John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., H. P; Whitney, B. B.
Aldrich and the Guggenheim brothers.
Other names have been mentioned. In
cluding those of J. P. Morgan. Thomas
F. Walsh and Anthony N. Brady, who
may own stock in the two great com
panies which have been formed, hut
they are not directors in either and
have taken no active 'part in their or
ganization. These men have as partners Leo
pold, king of the Belgians, and a few
Their empire- is in 'the heart of the
Congo Free State; In fact it stretches
almost across its greatest breadth,
from east to west, and consists of be
tween 8,000,000 and 9,000,000 acres,
or, roughly speaking, an area about
.the size of New Hampshire and Ver-.
mont Over this they have powers
which are virtually absolute. Nom
inally the Congo courts have jurisdic
tion over the territory and it is gov
erned by the laws of the Congo, but
actually these Americans are its mas
ters. They have the right to police
it and the terms of their concession
impose this upon them as a duty.
They may employ native labor or may
import coolies or Americans, just as
they like, but there is no doubt they
will employ natives.
Project Originally Hammond's.
King Leopold secretly sold these
Americans this concession some
months ago. Mr. Ryan is not a man
who is in the habit of going into gi
gantic transactions without knowledge
of what he is doing or without some
definite assurance that he will reap a
substantial profit from his investment
The man who advised him that there
was big money to be made in the
Congo was John. Hayes Hhmmond,
the famous engineer, who had looked
Central America over in a general way
and who knew the vast mineral wealth
that lay hidden in its immemorial
rocks." He had traveled through its
forests of rubber .trees, . ebony, ma
hogany and other valuable woods, and
he knew that, even if the gold, the
copper, the sliver should not pan out
as he expected, there was enough
money to be made out of the rubber
and the wood to reward handsomely
the men who should open up the coun
try. Upon his report, supported by
the reports of other experts, Mr. Ryan
BttttKBiMQg0M BBnVn? was I
anT AttKr anV ffir I
Ssjri!'riSnn LnmnY I
Map of Western Africa Showing the 166,000 Miles of Territory Controlled
by .the American Syndicate Through Concession and Stock Ownership.
accepted the suggestion of the king
of the Belgians that he take a long
lease' of this vast territory.
Of course it is something of a gam
ble, for the American explorers are
going into what is virtually unknown
country, and the difficulties, sanitary,
engineering, economical, etc., may
prove so great that they will not im
mediately make any profits. But-the
odds are so heavily in their favor that
the chance was well worth, taking.
The crown domain, which is a large
part of the Congo, returns at a con
servative estimate a profit of at least
$700,000 a year, and almost all of this
Is from rubber, the minerals being
virtually untouched. So Mr. Ryan and
his associates have every reason to
hope for-large profits.
Exact Investment Unknown.
The exact amount .they are. invest
ing in the Congo is difficult to' ascer
tain, but it is known that they paid
King 'Leopold $1,500,009 for 'the con
cession, and that he and the Belgian
stockholders retain a substantial block
of stock in the Societe Internationale
Forestiere et Mlnere du Congo, one of
the companies they have formed. The
EDUCATING HORSES FOR WAR.
Enormous Sums Spent by the Nations
of the World.
From the earliest times the horse
has been a poteat factor in war, and
today his education Is a delicate and
serious matter, undertaken at great
expense hy all the nations of the
world, says a writer In the Circle Hag-
"trlT Censam-r mH m. milltoi horana
for cavalry and artillery to put her I
colossal forces in the field;, France ro-
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Thomas F. Ryan.'
other company is the American Congo
company; justvhow the shares in this
are allotted is not yet known. Be
sides these companies there are the
two great Belgian 'corporations which
have had enormous concessions for
many .years; these are the Anglo-Belgian,
India Rubber company and the
Katanga company. In both of these
the . Americans have bought large
blocks of stock -enough to secure a
.dominating influence. The former has
a .concession for 25,009 square miles,
the latter for an area averaging 429
miles long by 399 miles wide.
These latter companies are Im
mensely profitable. They collect the
taxes and police their own territory,
and the methods used by some of
their employes in collecting the taxes,
which are paid in rubber have sup
plied the enemies of King Leopold
with ammunition for their campaign.
Whatever truth there may be in the
stories of "atrocities" must -be laid at
the door of these concessionaries.
Their experience with the natives as
workers will be valuable to the Amer
icans, as the latter will have precisely
the same conditions to meet and have
almost as plenary powers as their
forerunners.- ' These powers have
been curtailed within.,a year, as a re
sult of the abuses which a Belgian
commission discovered. The conces
sionaires have been forbidden, for .in
stance, to use armed native sentries
or armed overseers.
Difficulties in the Way.
The great difficulty ahead of
Ryan's men is the improvidence and
savagery of the natives upon' whom
they will have to rely to do the work.
Money means notVng to them. They
must be paid, at any rate at first, in
something they can use such as cot
ton, beads or knives, and it is the in
tention of the Americans to furnish
the natives with food, and lodging as a
return for their labor. But it is ex
ceedingly difficult to persuade these
men to labor at all. They tare noth
ing for the development of the coun
try, preferring to live by hunting, fishing-and
gathering the fruits and nuts
with which nature, has supplied them
so bounteously. Many of them are
canibals still and would practice their
gruesome rites if it were not for their
dread of the stern punishment .that, is
meted out to any who may be caught
eating human, flesh. This is made a
crime by the laws of the Congo and is
punishable by death. Cannibalism
has been stamped out of the parts of
the Congo along the coast and the
banks of the great rivers, but there is
no -doubt that it still flourishes in the
wilds of the interior, where are situ
ated the concessions of the American
To induce these natives to work,
the Belgians devised a plan by which'
each man is taxed an amount of rub
ber each other day that a careful cal
culation estimates should be collected
in 40 hours. For this he is paid at
the market rate. Some such system
as this which the missionaries in, the
employ of Congo Reform association
persistently call "slavery" will have
to be adopted by the Americans.
Rockefeller, Jr., Interested.
The American Congo company was
formed especially for dealing in rub
ber. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., ia in
terested In this company and plans to
apply a newly discovered process to
the manufacture of rubber. The So
ciete Internationale is to exploit the
mineral resources and it Is this in
which the Guggenheims are interest
ed. This latter company's engineers
are now in the Congo making a sur
vey. The party ia in charge of A.
Chester Beatty, an associate of John
Hays Hammond; with S. P. Verner.
Dorsey Mohun and L. N. Boll. They
quires probably 750,000, aad even
Great Britain has needed as many as
230,000 In her serious predicameat in
South Africa while she was fighting
Although England in peace time
mounts only two-thirds of her cavalry,
her horse hill amounts to about $400.
Off a year a figure which may he
multiplied by four or five for the Ger
man army. Inmost countries 'omni
bus, farm aad domestic horses are reg-
istered aa being available in time of
war for aaiscellaneoua service, and fori
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James D. Stillman.
started last spring and it is their task
to make the preliminary surveys for
a complete geological survey of -the
The concession was granted on con
ditions that make certain, the immedi
ate opening; of the country. The
Americans must open 39 miles within
six years, and they are to have the ex
clusive right to the product of 29 of
these for 99 years.
Copper and gold are the minerals
they expect to find in the greatest
quantities. Gold has been found in
rich deposits in the adjaceat British
and French territory, and the same
veins run into the Congo. The ex
istence of copper, all ready to he
mined, has long been known.
Plan to Benefit Natives.
It is the plan of these Americana
whom King Leopold has interested in
his African territory to treat the na
tives on a plan that differs slightly
from that of the Belgian concession
aires. They will start plantations of
bananas, peanuts and all the other
fruits, grains and vegetables, for
which the climate is adapted; they
will develop the fisheries of the great
rivers and employ the natives to can
the products of -both. They will at
first supply the" natives with every
thing they need, including food and
lodging, and pay them in beads and
trinkets, gradually teaching them the
use of money as a trading medium.
They will have to start schools aBd
hospitals, and here Mr. Ryan will find
wide scope for his philanthropy, al
though the field is not virgin soil, for
the priests and nuns of several re
ligious orders are already in there
and have doae much splendid work
among the natives.
Thus it is that New York million
aires are at work exploiting alto
gether about 166,000 square miles of
African jungle, surveying virgin for
est, boring into unknown mountains,
building roads and railroads through
trackless wildernesses and exercising
absolute "sovereignty -over- millions of
naked man-eating savages, with a rea
sonable prospect, whether they strike
mineral wealth or miss it. of raisine
their millions tot the billion mark.
- LIKE SHEETS OF ICE.
Were Bed Coverings of Visitor in Eng-
' , lish .Country Heme.
The old-fashioned glazed chintz.
Which in the Victorian era was for so
ling a period in favor as a covering
for the English drawing room sofas
and .'chairs, is now. very fashionable
in this country, .especially for bed
This chintz is generally a large
floral pattern, on a white ground, and
will last for years if properly cleaned
and "calendered," a word' unfamiliar
to most American ears, although in
England calendering is a usual pro
cess in every household, many house
keepers using it for their beautiful
linen sheets, which makes them dread
fully cold and slippery! It is done by
a mangle that burnishes the material
with a glaze, and for chintzes and
table napery may be appropriate, but
for sheets, except in torrid weather,
it Is anything but comfortable.
"I shall never forget," said an
American girl, speaking of calender
ed sheets, "visiting at a country house
in England, where in zero weather
they gave me polished sheets of ice,
for that is what they felt like! I
shivered for an hour or more, unable
to sleep, and I took them off and slept
in the blankets. I was afraid that the
housemaid would consider that it was
an American aboriginal habit, so I
made up the bed again in the morn
ing, pressing it down as if It had been
slept in. This I did evry day for my
week's stay, as I shall always remem
ber those calendered linen sheets with
amusement, fancying my hostess'
feelings if she had seen me at work
night and morning."
She Said the Wrong Thing.
"I shall never forget the breakfast I
gave to a pretty girl when I first knew
her," the short man began. "It would
make your mouth water to hear what
it was. Grape fruit to begin with, the
most delicate of breakfast food, with
cream, a choice broiled chicken, a
small champagne cup with it it was
a late breakfast the finest of fruit,
coffee. I can't remember the things
I ordered for her at that breakfast
and what do you think she said when
she finished? She said: 'You needn't
have gone to so much trouble. I don't
care for anything but a couple of eggs
for my breakfast and a piece of
"It was the wrong thing to say, I
will admit," sighed his wife. "I was
that girl aad I have been living ever
since on a couple of eggs for my
breakfast and a piece of toast."'
this anything from 130,000 to $150,000
a year may be paid by a military na
tion. France spends upward of 1600,600 a
year on horses for her great armies.
As a general rule, the recruits are
five years old and cost 200 each.
Belief of Mohammed;
Mohammedan meals begla with salt
aad end with vinegar. The salt do-
fends the believer from 70
the vinegar assures
.- i s
- unrj s c of er-
-ausanat cnuaea Backache.
Mrs. 8. A.
reetaarraat- at Wa
teiriOe, Mo., says:
"BefSw inins DoaVs KWney Pifc I
suffered everything, from kidney trou
bles for a year and a half. 1 had pate
In the hack and head, and almost con
tinuous in the lotas aad felt weary all
the time. A few doses of Doaas Kid
ney PUIs Brought great1 relief; aad I
kept on taking them until Jn a abort
time I waa cured. I think Dona's
Kidney Pills are woadtifuL"
For sale at all dealers. 59 cents a
hex. Foater-Milbun Co, Buffalo, N.T.
"Babies who are weaklings should
he killed at birth," remarked the ad
vanced doctor. "We are getting; to bo
idiots and imbeciles,' he added.
"You. are too radical,' remarked a
hearer. "I wouldn't kill an idiot or
an imbecile, bat I woaMa't try .
make a doctor out of aim. either.
It waa at this point debate took a
tun almost acrinMsdoua. Philadel
That an article may he goad as well
as cheap, aad give esrfixe aatiafacUoa.
la proven by the extraordinary sale of
Denaace Starch, each package
talalag one-third more Starch.
can he had of amy other Brand for the
"John, where h
"Why da you aakT
"I' understand he ia offering:
bargains in stocks, slightly damaged
hy water.' Washington Life.
The greatest cause of worry out
ironing day can be removed by using:
Defiance Starch, which will not stick
to the iron. Sold everywhere, IS oz.
Net Saying Much for Ma.
"Pa. is ma your best half V
"I suppose so."
"Still, that ain't saylm much for ana,
Lewis' Single Binder straight 5c cigar.
Made of extrw quality tobacco. Yeur
dealer or Lewis' Factory, Peoria, HL
There never waa any heart truly
great that waa not also' tender
Positively cared hy
these little Pills.
They also reliere Dis
tress frets Drapepsia, la
digest ion ami Too Hearty
Eatinjr. A perfect rem.
ely for Dizziness. Nau
sea, TJrovrslcesa. Bad
j Taste in theX out's. Coat
jed ToBjrue. Pam ia tb
ISide, TOKPID LIVER.
They regulate the BoeIa. Porely Vegetable.
SHALL PtU. SM1U. IPSE. SMALL MCE.
Genuine Must Bear
Cleans and polishes.
stains and restores the finish.
Can not injure the wood Wany
Guaranteed to give perfect
Absolutely the best
Junkure polish on the market.
Sold through dealers or shipped
direct, race 25 ana SO
ORCHARD it WILHELM
k hs Mfw weans
Ship Voir CraM
to the Farmsw Ce
DYEING AUB CLEANllfe
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mo naauwot user west off Ontcssa
af. Weifc.far laK. Iiaif far eaaanlas
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