The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, July 18, 1906, Image 2

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Columbus Journal
Indian Zdnaction That Carats.
The Indian school at Chilocco has
just graduated the largest class in its'
history, and some of its graduates and
many of its other classes will'helptfBer
sugar beet raisers in the vicinity of
Rocky Ford, Co!., during 'the'vacaYkm.
Over 130 of the young Indians are now
engaged in this work in that district,
and wilt remain there until the crop is
all gathered. They will be back in the
school in the fall, ready to resume their
At 'Chilocco and many of the other
government schools the young Indians
get the right sort of education to fit
them for their new role in life. The
education is equally divided between
the books and the workshops. The
boys and girls are taught all that is
imparted in 'the ordinary grammar
schools of the country, and a little
more, in some cases. In addition the
boys" are taught to make and repair
harness, to shoe horses, to build
houses, to do farm work of various
torts, to raise and care for cattle, and.
some of the rest of the things that
need to be done in the average com
munity in the west or east. The girls
are instructed, by actual practice, in
cooking, baking, laundering, nursing,
sewing and other work suitable to
their sex.
This is the education that counts,
says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat
The Chilocco school was in practical
operation at the St Louis world's fair,
and was one of its most attractive fea
tures. It was visited by hundreds of
thousands of people during the seven
months of the fair. Admiration for its
system and for the intelligence and
good behavior of its pupils was ex
pressed on every hand. Superintendent
S. M. McCowan, the head of the school,
was here with it, and won uigh praise
for the thoroughness and practical
character of the work of his pupils.
The United States government made
many mistakes in its dealings with the
IndUns in the old days, but for the
past quarter of a century it has been
on the right track. Chilocco, Carlisle.
Haskell and the rest of the great gov
ernment schools are doing a good work
in training the young Indians of both
-exes to help to intelligently bear so
ciety's burdens.
The followfhgls "suggested by Prof.
Irbyirol the North Carolina State col
lege, as the sort of creed to which
til progressive farmers should sub
scribe and religiously adhere:
We believe in small, well-tilled
farms; that the soil must be fed as
well as the owner, so that the crops
shall make the farm and the farmer
We tielieve in thorough drainage, in
deep plowing, and in labor saving im
plements. We believe in good fences, barns
conveniently arranged, good orchards
and gardens, and plenty of home-raised
hog and hominy.
We believe in raising pure-bred
stock or in grading up the best to be
gotten; they equal the thoroughbreds.
We believe in growing the best
rarietieic of farm crops and saving the
choicest for teed.
We believe in fertilizing the brain
with phosphorus as well as applying
it to the soil.
We believe In the proper care and
application of barn-yard manure.
We believe that the best fertilizers
are of little value unless accompanied
oy industry, enterprise and intelli
gence. We believe in rotation, diversifica
tion and thorough cultivation of
We believe that every farm should
own a good farmer and every good
farmer will eventually own a good
Chinese Students' Uniforms.
The establishment of government
schools in China, and the equipment
of students in uniforms is furnishing
a market for military clothing. Ac
cording to the British consul at Wu
chow CO of these schools have been
ojiened in that prefectorate alone. The
uniform consists of a coat and trousers
of foreign cut, with brass buttons and
peak caps, and shoes of foreign pat
tern. The material used is either
serge, union cloth or cotton tweed for
winter uniforms, and for summer
wear any light cotton cloth. In the
strictly military schools khaki is
worn. All the uniforms seen appear
to be of British cloth, but there is a
rule, which is evidently ignored, that
only native material be used. Caps,
buttons and braid all come from Ja
pan. The shoes are said to be of
Hongkong manufacture, but a very in
ferior kind is made locally of native
leather. The cost of a uniform of cot
ton tweed, the cheapest, is only 3.C0
Mexican (91-80 American currency)
made tc order; a set of buttons, live
in a set, costs 20 cents, and cap from
40 cents to $2.20; shoes from 91.10 to
$2;2j)v Quality in every case Is ex
tremely poor. This uniform, the con
Full adds,' is becoming fashionable
among the younger male generation in
thai part of China, and every child
whose parents can afford the expense
is now decked out as a miniature stu
One of the incidents and expenses of
orcharding on a large scale not likely
to be thought of by the casual observer
Is the constant warfare which it is nec-
sssary to wage on the rabbits so likely
to work great destruction to young ap
ple trees. This is illustrated by the
pperations of Wellhouse & Son, of To
eka, Kan., who are recognized as the
Apple Kings, as reported by E. D.
Coburn. For their orchard in Osage
county they used a carload of lumber
tn the construction of 1,700 rabbit
traps; for their three orchards in
Leavenworth county they have 1,600
Xraps, and in a Miami county orchard
400 traps. These consist of a box 22
inches long, made 'of ordinary six-inch
lumber, one inch thick, closed at one
2nd, and with an inward-swinging wire
gate in the other end, which is shut
by contact of the rabbit with a trigger
after he has fairly entered. About four
feet of lumber aud four feet of No. 12
galvanized iron wire are consumed in
he making of eacn trap, which "costs,
complete, about 12A to 15 cents. This
tiap, as now constructed, is considered
well nigh perfect, cost and efficiency
considered, and is the result of 20
years of experimenting in making
traps, and studying the nature and
habits of 'the rabbits. In this connec
tion the word rabbit applies only to
the ordinary cotton-tail and not to the
larger jack-rabbit, which the Messrs.
Wellhouse say is not especially
troublesome to the apple trees. Exchange.
Stir "the soil often among estab
lished" plants and keep them free of
weeds. " '
Stake holly-hocks, dahlias and gladi
olis before the wind blows them over.
Liquid cow manure is an excellent
fertilizer to make bloom in the flower
garden, when soil is poor. Do not get
liquid on foliage.
Never allow grass or weeds to go to
seed. on the lawn; keep the mower go
ing. Hellebore dusted oh rose bushes will
kill the second crop of worms and
Don't let the pansies go to seed; it
will stop their blooming. The same
rule applies to nearly all summer flow
ering plants. I
During warm rains, put the palms,
ferns r.nd all house plants, in fact, out
of doors. The drenching rain will 'do
them :03d.
An application of kerosene emulsion
each week to the rose bushes willkeep
them free from aphis. " ' -
Summer pruning of shrubs may be
made this month. It is 'easy' to kee'p
back a too luxuriant growth by -pinching
off the shoots. '
If you want carnations for -winter
blooming, nip off the buds now and set
The first blooms on asters, verbenas,
stocks, drummond phlox, etc.1, 'should
be cut so as to encourage branching
and more blooms.
be fan
grows with silver
If "Mary, Mary, quite contrary,"
Algerian, perhaps her garden
bells and cockle
shells and sponges all in a row. The
cultivation of vegetable sponges is
making progress in Algeria. About
ten species of the plant are known
and they are cultivated in Asia and
Africa, being extensive in the regions
of Algiers and Oran. Prior to ma
turity the fruit is edible; when the
Mage of ripeness, however, has been
' passed the pulp becomes separated
from the fibrous matter which then
forms the spongy mass entitled the
vegetable sponge. Fine specimens
when bleached in a weak lime bath
are sold at about a nickel apiece.
Paris is at present the chief market
for most of the vegetable sponges
grown in Algiers. They are suitable
not only for toilet and bathroom, but
also for domestic purposes.
This- selling tot song birds for hats
is a pitiful business. There ought to
te no necessity for going to law to
Mop it, and there would not be, it
all women were as tender and merci
ful as they like to be thought A dead
bird 3n a hat does not advertise pleas
ant qualities.
The best time to root out a trouble
some weed is the first time you notice
one growing on your land. It will take
but a minute then, as it is just one
plant, or one little patch of plants.
Some of the meanest weeds that ever
pestered the farmer could be gotten
rid of if every farmer would do thus.
But the farms are large and the farm
ers are hurried and the weeds are left
gtowing until there is more time, and
then the seeds have ripened and been
scattered to the four winds to seed all
the farm and all the farms joining, and
weeds, bad weeds, are increasing all
the time. Such weeds as bull thistles,
cockleburs, ragweeds and burdock
should be rooted out as soon as possi
ble. They are bad, bad weeds, and
when they get a foothold are very hard
to get rid of. The burdock is the only
one that the root lives through the
winter, but the seed crop is so large
and not being destroyed before the
.seeds are ripened is the cause of
spreading the above-mentioned weeds.
The average farmer does not allow
these to grow through carelessness al
together. The main reason is he un
dertakes too much and has his hands
more than full of work saving his hay,
wheat and oats, and these weeds ripen
and shed "their seeds while he is so
very busy. How nice it would be if
every farm could be clear of all the
obnoxious weeds. There are new
weeds being brought into our country
by getting new seeds from other states.
Swine are by nature omnivorous
feeders. They eat flesh, herbage, ce
reals, roots and fruits. Their food In
their natural state has a good deal of
bulk. The bad results sometimes ob
tained by feeders is due to forgetful
ness of this fact. The salvation of
pigs kept in confinement has been the
general impression that swill was pre
eminently a hog feed. This has given
bulk to an otherwise condensed ration.
The pig has to a large extent been the
victim of a wrong system of feeding.
He has been too often confined in a
small space and fed a condensed ra
tion. As a result disease and death
have cut shortthe profits of the big
raisers. The feeding of a ration of
cereals is not in keeping with the
natural requirements of the porcine
money maker. It is not a difficult mat
ter for the swine feeder to increase
greatly the bulk of food fed. Silage,
loots and vegetables can be led in the
winter. If the fanner have not these
he can feed clover hay. This should be
cut in a feed cutter and soaked by
I-ouring water over it. To this may
be added the meal or other concen
trate that is to be fed.
Yon need not expect your heas to
lay regularly if you confine them to a
diet of corn. Vary their food as much
as possible.
There is simply no excuse oa any
farm for not furnishing shade and
plenty of pure fresh water for the poul
try. Millet seed is the finest food for
chickens as well as older fowls. Scat
tered among dry leaves it will make a
drove of chickens busy and happy for
hours. Not only is it a healthful food,
but it requires healthful exercise to
get it. '
Lime is cheap, is a good disinfectant,
is easily secured, and is one" of the best
purifiers, and should be used often as
a wash for coops, perches, nest boxes
and the sides or the house. Don't fail
to sprinkle it liberally and often on the
fioors of the chicken house and the
Go out to the hen house and look
at the pan you have been giving the
fowls their water in and see how full
of straw and other litter it is. Then
take an old cheese box, split it half
way round the side, put the dish of
water on top of that and note the dif
ference there will be in cleanliness.
The water pan ought never to be
placed so that the hens can dig stuff
over the edge into it.
If the poultry house is in such con
dition as to allow rats to run under
the floor, the farmer may as well give
up the poultry business. They are
worse than any disease the fowls may
have. When the house is built it is
very easy to put wire netting such as
is used for the small chicks under the
floors. If you have not done this, an
other easy way to keep out rats is to
put in a cement floor. It may cost lit
tle more than fixing up the wooden
floor, but it is safe against rats and
a wooden floor is not. If wire mesh
Is put in with the cement when the
floor is laid it will be all the better;
Citizens Likely to Bay Hall of Justice
at Okmulgee, I. T., Where Indian
Crimes Were Judged and
Criminals Executed.
The real good milker is made the
first year. But this is not meant that
breeding is a matter of no importance,
but she must be made to do good serv
ice the first season if she is to keep it
up. Letting the calf suck the first sea
son or permitting it to run with the
dam is a very bad way to make a good
Nothing on the farm, or anywhere
else for that matter, is more interest
ing than our honey bee. One can watch
them lor hours and never tire in the
least. Nothing is busier, nothing is
.more exact in its work, no mechanic
could possibly be more exact in his
measurements than is the honey bee.
The l'fe of the bee, though short, is
a busy one. They simply wear out
their wings in flight seeking honey,
and then give out by the wayside and
die. Knowing all this they are con
tinually rearing more young to take
the place of the ones that die. Thus
it is one continual workday in one
way or another for the little honey bee.
Every move counts for something.
Every bit of pollen has its place. You
will seldom j-ee one piece of work un
dertaken until the last one is finished.
Each cell is brought to completion and
then it is all over the section one
after another. From these little work
ers one can learn many valuable les
sons that will be of great worth if we
only rut into practice what we learn
from them.
In driving about the country one
cannot help noticing manv nlnres
where the owner's lack of thrift is evi
dent in the dilapidated condition of
much about the house, barn or farm,
lue fences may need repairing. The
sheds may show signs of weakness.
Gates may have lost a hinge and be
come useless. The evidence of habit
ual neglect may be seen in many ways
about the place, and the aggregation
ot these little things which result
from carelessness or thoughtlessness
goes to give the farm a run down ap
pearance which it does not deserve,
and which it would not have if care
was taken to keep things in a condi
tion of good order.
Okmulgee, Ind. T. In the event
that Okmulgee becomes a county seat
under statehood the citizens of the
county are more than likely to buy
the old Creek council house for a court
. The council house is one of the his
toric buildings in the Indian terri
tory. - It is made of a very fine grade
of sandstone called cotton rock and
is situated in a yard shaded by ma
ple trees three-quarters of a century
old. The building itself is two stor
ies high, square in form, with the
conventional ball tower on its top. A
small marble tablet near the north
front door bears the inscription:
'Muskogee National Capitol. Erected
A. D. 1878. Building Committee
James McHenry, W. F. Brown and
John Mcintosh."
The council house was not only the
seat of the Creek legislature, but it
served the Indians as a hall of jus
tice for the trial of their prisoners.
Beneath the cluster of trees on the
shady side of the walk many a pris
oner has been executed within the
past 28 years. These executions were
always solemn affairs. The prisoner.
after a dignified farewell to his fam
ily and friends, took his stand with
his back to the tree and calmly
awaited the shot from the lighthorse
man's pistoi, which was to put out his
Sometimes, however, the executions
took place in the small cemetery on
the hill beyond the present Frisco
tracks. The last Creek execution oc
curred there in July. 1898. The vic
tim was a young Uitche who had com
mitted his third horsetheft. There
was a large crowd in Okmulgee that
day. The young Indian was taken
to the cemetery on horseback. When
the prisoner with his escort arrived
themen bad just finished digging the
grave. A few songs were sung, a
prayer was offered up in which the
victim joined and the Indian sheriff.
Berryhill, stepped from the crowd,
Colts revolver in hand, to do his duty.
When the fatal shot was fired the
young Uitche's eyes were sweeping
the lovely Creek hills and uplands.
He fell with a smile on his face. His
grave is well kept in the cemetery, a
monument to the stern law' and in
corruptible justice of his people.
The legal authority of the Creek
Indians expired in 1S9S. and on March '
7, 1907, the Indian governors will step
down and out and the Indians will be
come actual citizens of the United
States instead of remaining wards of
the government. The last of the In
dian governors are William C. Rogers,
of Skiatook, chief of the Cherokees;
J. F. Brown, of Wewoka. chief of the
Seminoles; p. B. Johnston, of Tish
omingo, chief of the Choctaws; Green
B. McCurtain. of South McAIester.
chief of the Chickasaws. and Pleasant
Porter, of Muskogee, chief of the
Gov. Porter, all in all. Is the best
known and perhaps the most extraor
dinary Indian now alive. Few men
cggglrif F'MMr nfTJsa-a-a-i
JMBKt " ijFrJifT JHT 1L"
have received so much newspaper no
tice as Gov. Porter, for he has been
the subject of many fables. He has
been written about as an Indian mil
lionaire, when the fact is that, though
comfortably fixed, be ranks lowest of
the Indian governors in point of
wealth. He would have been a
wealthy man if he had been less hon
est and less charitable. He has given
away a large fortune in the course
of his lifetime. Gov. Porter was born
in Indian territory near Clarksville.
September 26. 1840. He entered the
confederate army as a private and
left the service as a second lieuten
ant, after an honorable career in many
battles from Wilson Creek until the
last shot was fired In Texas.
Gov. Porter is profoundly versed In
Indian history and lore and will write
a history of his people. He believes
that the southern Indians are of Aztec
and Toltcc origin and was even in
advance of ethnologists in maintain
ing his views.
Cansea PkMtcs a'
. Willi wf Pink Pill.
Mate New Bleed Ma
Cur Fotews.
I abused my stosaaca, aay blood go
oat of order and then ray face broke out
with pimples and boils," says T. E. Rob
ertson, of 197 Addison street, Washing
ton, Pa. "This was over two years ago.
My stomach was iu bad shape. After
eating I would- have to rest awhile or I
would suffer the most severe pains in)
my stomach. Oa arising I would of tea
be so dizzy that I could hardly stand up.
The slightest exertioa would start my
back aching so that I eftea had to sit
down aud rest awhile. At times I ex
perienced a paia aroaad the heart Which
alarmed me hut which I sappose came
from my stomach troable.
'I begauto break out on the face with
pimples and titer with boils which con-
lined me to the house a wedk or more at c
a time. Ono day I saw Dr. Williams
Pink PillsforPale People advertised in a
pamphlet which was left at the door aud
I thought I would givo them a trial. l
took several boxes of the pills before all
the pimples and boils left me, but I am
now glad to say that my blood is good.
I do not have any eruptions ami f nn
longer have the head and stomach
troubles I have described. I am very
grateful for what Dr. WilliamsTiuk Pills
nave done lor me aud I havo re-om-nieuded
them aud always will aihi-o
thoso who are suffering from bad blood
or stomach trouble to try them."
If you want good health you must have
good blood. Bud blood is tho root of iuo-t
common diseases like nuamiia, rhetnna
tism, scmtiai, uonralgia. St.Yi ti: ' riuti.e,
nervousness, indigestion, debility, p. r
tial paralysis and locomotor ataxia.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pilk are mM I y
all druggists or sent, postpaid, on rece fc
of price, 50c. per box,. six Ixrces for$!.. J,
by the Dr. Williams Mtdiciirj C'ouipai: v,
Schenectady, N.T.
Even an electric button won't accom
plish much unless it is pushed.
Go over the potato patch with a
harrow when the young plants are be
ginning to come up, and you will de
stroy all the weeds and leave the patch
in such fine condition that but little
hoeing will be needed thereafter. The
potatoes will get the start of the
weeds, and the weeds may then be
kept down with the horse cultivator.
Lewis Single ISinder the famous
ftrnight 5e cigar, alw.ijs best" uuihiy.
Your dealer or Lcvis Factory, Peoria, III.
The parson was talking to little El-.
mer about his habits, and eskeri him
what time he was usually called for
breakfast. "They don't have to" call
me." answered Elmer. "I'm always
Lcrd Joicey Had Disadvantage of
Starting in Life Rich Knows
Business Thoroughly.
Axles run dry with surprising quick
ness in rainy, muddy weather. Look
after them daily, and never apply two
kinds of grease to a wagon. The watc
washes it out faster in some cases, anti
in others I have known the two com
bine in a paste which quickly wears
oul aud powders, setting the wheel
by heating.
It must not be supposed that the
manufacturers of black pepper are
confined to the use of lampblack and
tapioca. They can make an excellent
article out of ground cocoanut shells.
Now doth the little busy mosquito
improve each darkening hour. Coin
ci dentally the weeds are sprouting on
the vacant lots and there be many
signs that it is time for the first gun
in the annual summer war of ex
termination against the pestiferous in
sect that hungers and thirsts for hu
man gore.
. Count Boni de Castellan has
planned a terrible revenge on the
Gould family. He contemplates going
en the vaudeville stage.
Among the many bright spots in
childhood's memory there is none which
gave mere pleasure than that of the
'barberry hedge which grew near the
old schoolhouse; that hedge which fur
nished us shade during the hot noon
time play hour. The bushes with their
deep green foliage, racemes of yel
low flowers and hidden thorns that
prevented their destruction, and later,
the bright scarlet berries hanging un
til late in winter, perhaps the glasses
of barberry jelly that graced our
mother's pantry shelves and gave
relish to the bread and butter eaten
at school intensify that memory.
This was over 30 years ago, but the
barberry hedge still stands, furnishing
shade for other children now, putting
out leaves and flowers, and maturing
its berries as then.
At a time when there is -so much
call for hedging plants for our subur
ban homes why would it not be well to
plant more barberries? Hardy, hand
some, easily cared for and protected by
sharp thorns from the depredations of
stock it seems to me to be one of ihe
most desirable plants for the purpose,
while its fruit finds a ready market
wherever known.
course oi treatment Involving the giv
ing of medicine several times a day.
But that is not possible to most of
those that keep poultry. Therefore,
the onlj system that is practical is to
kill all very sick fowls, especially if
they have a contagious disease. Then
keep aud feed the ethers rightly, go
ing through the flock every month or
so and carefully inspecting every one
of the birds to see if they have roup
or other contagious disease. The roup
can be told by looking into the mouth.
If the roup le in process of spreading
the little slit in the roof of the mouth
will Le clogged with a colorless, thick,
stringy fluid, or there may be little
blisters, called canker, in the mouth.
My neighbor is a good farmer in
most ways, but as I passed his horse
barn this morning, I noticed a large
pile of manure out in the weather. It
was a cool morning, but I could smell
the ammonia arising fiom the manure
pile for a long distance. He will lose
one-half to two-thirds the value of the
job of going through life without
working for a living. But young
Joicey's father was a level-headed
man. He sent his son to a cood mid-
London. Decidedly the most inter-. die class school, where there was no
esting of the new peers is Lord Joicey, ( danger of his being infected with
who has been raised from a bar- snobbery, and where a thorough
onetcy to a barony, and has taken grounding in science took the place of
the title of Baron Joicey of Ches-! Latin anil Greek. There j-oung Joicey
terle-Street in the county of Durham. ' studied hard, carried off a lot of prizes,
a district which he has represented joined his father's business when he
in parliament for ten years. But he , was 19, and devoted himself to mas
has won another title which will stick tering all its details. He was con-
to him longer than that which car- , stantly in the pits and about the work-
Attractive Colorado Booklet.
One of the most attractive of the-"
summer vacation booklets that have -.
been issued is "A Colorado SummfjiV
put out by the passcuger department '
of the Santa Fe railroad. Thi" pic
turesque mountain scenery and thede-
scriptions of it which the booklet gives
impress the- reader with a new. idea
of the grandeur of the mountain crags
of Colorado, and will start one day-
dreaming of the time when he can
view for himself the magnificence"
which the booklet describes. After .
reading the booklet one must certainly
be convinced that Colorado offers- both "
pleasure and health for every summer .
tourist. "A Colorado Summer" may bo
secured from Mr. W. J. Black. Pass.
Traffic Manager, Santa Fe Railway, ,
Chicago. " ."
ries with it a seat among the heredi
tary legislators of the realm. It is
that of the "Coal King." for he is
the largest individual producer of coal
We are convinced that doctoring
poultry is of little avail. Probably
birds could be cured if they would
have their diseases diagnosed as hu
mans do and then be put on a regular f dissolve the soap in a little hot water
If the small green plant-louse, the
aphis, infests the trees to any extent,
make a solution by dissolving one
pound of whale-oil soap in ten gallons
of water, and spray with this. First
and then dilute to the desired htrength.
The best man in the business must
have the right kind of a cow to make
a success of dairying.
The manufacture of peanut butter Is
on the increase and is becoming an im
portant commercial product. "Peanut
butter is made by grinding peanuts
very fine," said a gentleman the other
day, "and reducing the mass to a pasty
substance, a portion, at least, of the
large amount of oil contained being
removed. Some salt is added for
flavoring , and the result is a cheap
and nourishing 'spread' for crackers
and bread, the nutritious value of
which is now recognized by many
physicians. Nuts have always been
known to contain fat and strength
giving elements, and its absolute pur
ity makes it an excellent product for
the poor, as it can be manufactured at
a fraction of the expense of cream but
ter. The industry is growing rapidly
and peanut butter is extensively used
in the large cities of to-day."
Givj soft food, such as boiled oats
or potatoes, mixed with equal parts ot
bran, .shorts and ground corn twice a
week for breakfast, but not a full
feed of soft feed, as they will eat toe
fast and then sit around with a stuffed
ings so much so that an old work
man one day said to him as he passed
with dirty overalls on:
"Why. young maister. you'll soon
know as much about the pit as we do."
That's just what I want to do."
answered young Joicey.
They say that the cow's olfactor'es
are about ten times as acute as th se.
of man. If this is true, the necessity
of keeping the feeding trough, the
drinking vessel and all the surround
ings of the cow clean becomes very
The eggs of geese, ducks, turkeys,
guinea'-- and chickens that are shipped
a gr?at distance will hatch well if thej
are turned upside down in the basket
and left -for 24 hours and then put un
der a good hen or In an incubator.
(Coal Karon Is One of Interesting Char
acters of ftritisli Parliament.)
in the world. The output of the Lamb
ton and the Joicey Colliery compa
nies, which he practically owns,
amounts to 5,000.000 tons a year, and
he has besides large interests in sev
eral other coal companies.
Lord Joicey cannot lie described as
a self-made man according to the pop
ular definition of that much-abused
phrase. He did not start in life with
what Andrew Carnegie has repeatedly
declared is the most valuable aid to
success poverty. He belongs to the
rarer type of men who acquire vast
fortunes without the early stimulus
of a dire struggle for the necessities
of life. His father was a fairly pros
perous coal mine owner. He could
have well afforded to send his boy to
Eton, Rugby or some other famous
public school, where he might have
made the acquaintance of several fu
ture dukes and earls, and aristocratic
Ecions of lower degree, and have ob
tained a sort of education which is
Woman President of Law SckaaL
Washington. A woman at the head
of a college of law is an unusual fea
ture even in this land of progressive
women. Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey.
of this city, ranks not only as chief,
but also as founder of the Washington
Law College, which she established in
order that legal-minded women might
have a law college instituted for them,
specially. Nearly half of its student
body in the last year was composed of
Born in Geneva. O., in 1S30, Mrs. Mus
sey is the daughter of Piatt K. Spencer,
author of the famous Sitcncerian sys
tem of penmanship. After a thorough
training, she, at the sige of 21, entered
into matrimonial and business part
nership with Gen. K. D. Mussey, who
died a year later. Mrs. Mussey's legal
career covers a period of 35 years. She
is a member of the bar of the supreme
court of the United States, attorney for
several foreign legations and counsel
for a number of national, patriotic and
labor organizations. She was one of
the founders as well as attorney for
the American Red Cross society, and
has served as president of the Legion
of Loyal Women.
She has always been busy. Legisla
tion for the betterment of woman's
conditions in the District of Columbia
has constantly received her ardent sup
port. Among the laws which she has
helped to obtain are the bills giving
mothers the same right to their chil
dren as fathers; and married women
the right to transact business and to
Force of circumstances "Is a poor
excuse for the taking of a wrong path.
The bearer of unpleasant tidings
rarely appreciates, bow hard he strikes.
Hold fast to a truth without re
gard to what others may think of you.
The value of wealth cannot be es
timated by those who do not possess it.
It does one no harm to call atten
tion to the good that may De seen in
An assumption of humility does not
always carry with it the appearance
of honesty.
Because others may ovc'restimati
your value is no reason for your do
ing likewise.
Jumping at conclusions wirhout
facts shows a ready .mind, if not. a
well-balanced one.
Words can be used so as to increase
their importance even in telling an
ordinary story.
The ravages of time come crepinq
along no matter how effectively they
may be concealed.
Some farmers sow clover seed twice,
half early and half late, to insure a
stand; but it is a question whether it
is not wiser to sow it all very early.
In this way the writer has not failed
of a good stand in many years.
Geese and ducks should have water
to swim in during breeding season, as
they mate better in water than on
land. Scoop out a place with team and
scraper and fill with water, if practicable.
Don't get your breeding geese, ducks
or torkeys too fat, as eggs from such
stock seldom hatch well. Don't feed
to much corn at this time of the year.
Plant most of the garden in rows,
and cultivate it with a horse. You can
do more in one hour than you can in a
day with a hoe, and so much easier.
In orchards badly infested with
cankerworm late spraying with some
form of arsenic, which is most safe
ly used in bordeaux mixture, may do
good if the worm is still feeding.
supposed to best equip a man for the control their own earnings.
Veteran Thought His Pension Insuf- whether it was my liver, my lungs.
ficient and Said So Without
Much Formality.
With many cuss words and startling
or what, and your net dokters don't
seem to know as much about it as I
do. The plane facts is that it broke
t and busted me from heel to whiskers.
spelling, but with a picturesque ex
Mate one diake with five ducks, one
gander with three geese, one gobbler
with tcur to twenty turkeys, one male
guinea with tour to eight guinea hens.
Give your laying hens milk and'
meat' scraps every four or five days.
It means more eggs.
oression. an old veteran applied to
Vespasian Warner, commissioner of '
pensions, for an inc-ieat-e in his pen-j
sion. He writes:
"Now, Mr. Commissioner, about this
matter of my pension, you ma do just
as you dam pleas. If you think lusin
one laig at the Wilderness in 1S64
bloted out the record of a bullit thro
the body at Antitum in IS62 and if you
think the pension I've been gettin' is
full pay for a set of busted insides
that haint been in good runnin order
for more en twenty year, and never
will be this side of new gemsalem, al
right. But I'm going to tell you be
tween us that when the minie ball
Vent through me at Antitum, it plaid
hell with sum important part of my
inards, and it plaid for keeps. It cut
something alto flinders, I don't know
I and I got busted at Antitum before my
laig was lost, and the record says so.
No, I don't want to be j-assy; I ain't
bilt that way. But rar. warner. if you
expect to blossom out as vice president
of these United States bi bucking
against the honest klaim of an old
veteran with one foot in the grave
and the other dam near it. you're get
tin' more hay than you'll have time
to stack up. Youl make about as much
at that game as the doktor general
will by vetoeing wooden Iaigs.
"Respectfully your with a dam good
memory." Imporia Gazette.
The Greatest feariing CoKcgc in the WerM
University of .
Notre Dame
Wt guarantee tav fcin.- Our ztudentt
study anU our ituJtais trku-.t tkthiitktt
lSBaiaafs 75rnlcMars Mt Stufe.
Connes la Ancient and Slmlern fonicnaffr.. Koj;.
JJjb. MJntory, and Economics. Cheintntry. Bioloirir,
rkarmmcjr, civil. KIn-trlral, nnl Xrrhmntem hnK-l-Brerltur,
Architecture. Law.ahoi UanJ.Bok-k-.
TElrt Si BmH. Tuition, and UeaaVy. SIM.
Saatf lea ccats ! ifce lefiurar fer Catalog e
Mm. VThMtow'n Konthtotr yrsp.
For children teetalnir. Mitten? the kiipi. reduce i
lajrunathm .allaja pala. curaa wind colic ZJcabctUe....
There's no need to hunt for trouble;
it will find you just as quick. .
Wkeat, 'kaafaela) peracre.
Catalogue ana samples n:su.
lUianS CMMir.a- lafaai i.Wla.
Selected by Kaiser.
The emperor of Germany has ap
pointed Privy Councillor Goldberger
to be a member of the expert commis
sion which will make an American col
lection for the Royal Museum of Ethnology.
enlists for four years yonnir asea of good
character and sooml physical condition 17 to
v? 5" apprentice seamca. and men
quaiiuea ior special ratines. 21 to 35 years.
" I""" eood. expenses moderate, food
wholesome and sufficient, and life beneficial
physically and otherwise.
Yoanemenwho are skilled mechanics, pos
essinc soma knowledge of electricity, or
Mudents of electricity, who show achtude
for the saral service, may be enlisted as
landsmen for electricians an& ejven the train
tne at the Navy Electrical ScluxJ. All such
sen mnct have a coed erfnraiinn.
Bub-oScea- ac Ijneolu and llajtings. Ke
UOeeawin bo opened turn fall at Wea
anasieancity. Iowa. Addi
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jitj.3s3Sc- ,jJawSiSate r,rim1&2B)kL2&fafc-iilii- r - JKi&i&hi.
. iwn . T3ik2i . --t.&c.
ftS. a f-L r' .- fe mr frnnij'fti V ij-
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