The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, June 27, 1906, Image 7

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RAILROAD
Important New Law for the Regulation of
Interstate Commerce Has Passed Both
Houses and Received the-Sanction of
the President.
DUTIES OF "COMMON CARRIERS" ARE
DEFINED IN THE STRICTEST TERMS
Heavy Penalties Provided for Violations Thirty
Days' Notice of Change in Rates. Pares and
Charges Must be Given Provision for Appeal
to Interstate Commerce Commission.
Following is the text of the rate bill
as passed by congress and approved by
the president:
An act to amend an act entitled "An
act to regulate commerce," approved
February 4, 1887, and all acts amenda
tory thereof, and to enlarge the powers
of the interstate commerce commis
sion. Be it enacted by the senate and
house of representatives of the United
States of America in congress assem
bled, that section 1 of an act entitled
"An act to regulate commerce," ap
proved February 4, 1887, be amended
so as to read as follows:
Section 1. That the provisions of this
act shall apply to any corporation or
any person or persons engaged in ttie
transportation of oil or other commod
Uy, except water and except natural or
artificial gas by means of pipe lines or
partly by pipe lines and partly by rail
road or partly by pipe lines and partly
by water, who shall be considered and
held to be common carriers within the
meaning and purpose of tliis act, and
IMtKSIDEXT ROOSKVKI.T.
Tin Hiief executive is Wlli-veil to be
well pleased with the provisions of the
measure.
X'j any common carrier or carriers en
Kssed in the transportation of passen
gers or property wholly by railroad (or
partly by railroad and partly by water
when both are used under a common
control, management, or arrangement
for a continuous carriage or shipment),
from one state or territory of the. Unit
ed States, or the District of Columbia,
t any other state or territory of the
United Spates, or the District of Col
umbia, or from one place in a territory
to another place in the same territory.
or from any place in the United States
to an adjacent foreign country, or from
any place in the United States through
a foreign country to any other place in
the United States, and also to the
transportation in like manner of prop
erty shipped from any place in the
United States to a loreign country and
carried from such place to a port of
transshipment, or shipped from a for
eign country to any place in the Unit
ed States and carried to such place
from a port of entry either in the
United States or an adjacent foreign
country: Provided, however, that the
provisions of this act shall not apply to
the transportation of passengers or
property, or to the receiving, deliver
ing, storage or handling of property
wholly within one state and not ship
ped to or from a foreign country from
gr to any state or territory as afore
said. Common Carriers' Defined.
The term "common carrier," as used
in this act. shall include express com
panies and sleeping car companies. The
term "railroad," as used In this act.
shall include all bridges and ferries
used or operated in connection with
any railroad, and also all the road m
use by any corporation operating a
railroad, whether owned or operated
under a contract, agrement or lease,
and shall also include all switches,
spurs, tracks, and terminal facilities of
every kind used or necessary in the
transportation of the persons or prop
erty designated herein.
All charges made for any service ren
dered or to be rendered in the trans
portation of passengers or property as
atoresaid. or in connection therewith,
sbal! be just and reasonable; and every
unjust and unreasonable charge for
such service or any part thereof Is
prohibited and declared to be unlaw
ful. What Passes Hay Be Issued.
A. No carrier subject to the provis
ions of this act shall hereafter, direct
!v or Indirectly, issue or give any in
tcrataate free ticket, free pass or free
transportation for passengers, except
to its officers, agents, employes, sur
geons, physicians, actual and bona fide
attorneys, and members of their im
mediate families; to ministers of reli
gion, local and traveling secretaries or
Ycung Men's Christian associations, In
Ever hang your horse up at the gate
of the average small farmer's house
about an hour before noon or sundown
and get his promise of "a meal's vic
tuals" and a night's rest? If not,
you've missed a great experience, says
the Washington Post. You are taken
out to the back porch, where a big
tin basin sits on a long, low shelf.
There is cool water a-plenty, with yel
low soap and clean, rough towels.
There fs, also, a brown stone Jug with
-j"MMMMMBMBMMIIgBMaw wniwrsWBssiissBsBBsTf ttmm fxmmmmammm
RATE BILL
mates of hospitals and charitable and
eleemosynary institutions; to indigent,
destitute and homeless persons, and to
such persons when transported ty
charitable societies or hospitals, and
the necessary agents employed in such
transportation; to inmates of the na
tional homes or state homes for dis
abled volunteer soldiers and of sol
diers' and sailors' homes, including
those about to enter and those return
ing home after discharge, under ar
rangements with boards of managers,
and female nurses that served during
the civil war; to ex-union soldiers and
sailors and ex-confederate soldleis;
and to owners and caretakers of live
stock when traveling with such stock
or when going to point of shipment or
returning from point of delivery.
Exceptions to the Rule.
Provided, that this provision shall
rot be construed to prohibit the inter
change of passes for the officers, agents
and employes of carriers, and members
of their immediate families, nor to
prohibit any carrier from carrying
prssengers free with the object of prj
viding reller in cases of general epi
demic, pestilence or other calamitous
visitations, nor prevent such carrier
from giving free or reduced transpor
tation to laborers transported to any
piacc for the purpose of supplying any
demand for labor at such place.
Any carrier violating this provision
sfca!! be deemed guilty of a misde
meanor and shall for each offense pay
to the United States a penalty of not
Ices than $10 nor more than $2,000, and
any person, other than the persons ex
cepted in this provision, who uses, or
who solicits or accepts for himself or
other person, any such interstate free
ticket, free pass, or free transportation
stall be subject to a like penalty and
fine.
Cannot Own Coal Mines.
From and after May 1, 1908, it shall
bi unlawful for any common carrier to
transport from any state, territory or
district of the United States to any
ether state, territory or district of the
United States, or to any foreign coun
try any article or commodity manufac
tured, mined or produced by it or un
der its authority or which it may own
in whole or in part, or in which it may
have any interest, direct or indirect ex
cept such articles or commodities as
may be necessary or used in the conduct
of its business as a common carrier.
Provided, however, that pipe lines
operated by oil companies may trans
port their own commodities as well as
those offere-1 for transportation by
competitors.
Any common carrier subject to the
provisions of this act shall promptly,
upon application of any shipper ten
dering Interstate traffic for transporta
tion, construct, maintain, and operate
i:pon reasonable terms a swltchc on
ncction with any private side track
which may be constructed to connect
with its railroad, where such connec
tion is reasonably practicable and can
be put in with safety and will furnish
sufficient business to justify the con
struction and maintenance of the
same; and shall furnish cars for tha
movement of such traffic to the best ?f
its ability without discrimination in fa
vor or or against any such shipper.
It shall be the duty of carriers en
gaged in interstate commerce to give
equally good service and accommoda
tions to all persons paying the same
compensation for interstate transporta
tion of passengers.
The amendment requiring that the
interstate commerce commission be
given five days' notice before the Is
suance of any interlocutory order, in
junction or decree suspending an or
der of the commission is retained.
This is an extremely important provi
sion. Its presence in the law will pre
vent a court from giving snap judg
ment on a complaint filed by a com
mon carrier against a decision or the
commission. The commission will have
to be informed or the nature or the
complaint and will have ample oppor
tunity to make reply.
Railroads carrying lumber are ex
empted from the operations of the
Elkin? amendment prohibiting com
mon carriers from transporting their
own product. This was done because
there are so many small railroads in
the south and west that own tracts
of timber and haul their own products,
which would be ruined if they were
not exempted.
Section 2. That section 6 or said act,
as amended March 2. 1889, be amended
so as to read as follows:
Bates to Be Posted.
Section 6. That every common car
rier subject to the provisions of this
act shall file with the commission cre
ated by this act and print and keep
open to public inspection schedules
HERE IS REAL RURAL CONTENT.
a corn cob stopper and a shining tin
cup. and you're welcome to all the
mountain dew you care to drink.
You and the master of the house
compose yourselves in big splint-bottom
rocking chairs, light your pipes
and watch your "critter" rolling in the
stable lot, while a small black person
waits for him to get through, holding
two bundles of sweet-smelling fodder
to give him -afterward.
At last, after inhaling many grate
J! - i" ""
showing all the rates, fares and charge
for transportation between different
points 'on Its own route and between
points on its own route and points on
the route of any other carrier by rail
read or by water when a through route
and Joint rate have been established.
Any common carrier subject to the
provisions of this act receiving, freignt
iu the United States to he carri-jd
through 'a foreign country to any place
in the United States shall also in like
manner print and keep open to public
inspection, at every depo or office
where such freight is received for
shipment, schedules showing tae
through rales established and charged
by such common carrier to all points
in the United States beyond the foreign
country to which it accepts freight tor
shipment; and any freight shipped
from the United States through a for
eign country into the United States the
through rate on which shall. not have
been made public, as required by this
act, shall, before it is admitted into the
United States from said foreign coun
try, be subject to customs duties as if
said freight were or foreign produc
tion. "No change shall be made in the
rates, fares, and charges, or Joint rates
fares, and charges which have been
filed and published by any common
cairier in compliance with the require
ments or this section, except after 3d
days' notice to the commission and to
the public published as aforesaid,
-a'hich shall plainly state the changes
proposed to be made in the schedule
-then in force and the time when the
changed rates, fares, or charges will go
into effect; and the proposed changes
shall be shown by printing new
schedules, or shall be plainly indicated
upon the schedules in force at the time
r.nd kept open to public inspection.
Provided, that the commission may, in
its discretion and for good cause
shown, allow changes upon less than
the notice herein specified, or modify
t!;e requirements of this section In re
spect to publishing, posting, and filing
of tariffs, either in particular instances
or by a general order applicable to spe
cial or peculiar circumstances or con
ditions. All Contracts to Be Filed.
Every common carrier subject to this
:ci shall also file with said commission
copies of all contracts, agreements, or
irrangements with other comomn car
r.eir in relation to any traffic affected
by the provisions of this act to which
it may be a party.
No carrier shall, unless otherwise
provided by this act, engage or partici
pate in the transportation of passen
gers or property, as defined in the first
section of this act, unless the rates,
rare? and charges upon which the same
r.ie transported by said carrier have
been filed and published in accordance
with the provisions or this section; nor
shall any carrier charge or demand or
collect or receive a greater or less or
different compensation for such trans
portation of passengers or property, or
for any service in connection there
with, between the points named in
such tariffs than the rates, fares, and
charges which are specified in the tariff
filed and in effect at the time; nor
shall any carrier refund or remit in
any manner or by any device any por
tion of the rates, fares and charges so
specified, nor extend to any shipper or
I erson any privileges or -facilities in
the transportation of passengers or
property, except such as are specified
in such tariffs.
That in time or war or threatened
war preference and precedence shall,
upon the representation or the presi
dent or the United States of the need
therefor, be given, over all other traf
fic, to the transportation of troops and
material or war.and carriers shall adopt
REPRESENTATIVE HEPBURN.
Introducer of the original rate measure
in the house.
every means within their control to fa
cilitate and expedite the military traf
fic Penalties Are Provided.
That section 1 or the act entitled "An
act to further regulate comemrce with
foreign nations and among the states,"
r.pproved February 19, 1903, be amend
ed so as to read as lollows:
The willful failure upon the part of
any carrier subject to said acts to file
and publish the tariffs or rates and
charges as required by said acts, or
strictly to observe such tariffs until
changed according to law, shall be a
misdemeanor, and upon conviction
tnereof the corporation offending shall
be subject to a fine of not less than
$1,000 nor more than 120,000 for each of
fense; and it shall be unlawful for any
person, persons or corporation to offer,
grant or give, or to solicit, accept or
receive any rebate, concession or dis
crimination in respect to the transpor
tation of any property in interstate or
foreign commerce by any common car
rier subject to said act to regulate
commerce and the acts amendatory
thereto whereby any such property
shall by any device whatever be trans
ported at a less rate than that named
in the tariffs published and filed by
uch carrier, as is required by said act
to regulate commerce and the acts
amendatory thereto, or whereby any
other advantage is given or discrimin
ation is practiced.
ful odors, you are summoned to the
hving-room and there, assembled with
out ostentation, are the fried relics
of your feathered friends, great cuts
of savory home-made bacon, heaps of
fresh eggs, cooked on both sides, hot
biscuits and cornbread, honey, yellow
milk, steaming coffee and slabs of
butter, with the perfume of the clover
rich upon it So you feast!
Any industrious and patient and
determined man can build for him
Every person or corporation who
shall offer, grant or give, or solicit, ac
cept, or receive any such rebates, con
cession, or discrimination shall be
deemed guilty or a misdemeanor, and
on conviction thereof shall be -punished
by a fine of not less than $1,000 nor
more than 120,000: Provided, that any
person, or any officer or director of any
corporation subject to the provisions
of this act, or the act to regulate com
merce and the acts amendatory there
oi, or any receiver, trustee, lessee,
agent or person acting for or employed
by any such corporation, who shall be
convicted as aforesaid, shall, in addi
tion to fine herein provided for, be lia
ble to imprisonment in the peniten
tiary for a term of not exceeding two
years, or both such fine and imprison
ment, in the discretion of the court.
Every violation of this section shall be
prosecuted in any court of the United
States having jurisdiction of crimes
within the district in which such vio
lation was committed, or through
which the transportation may have
teen conducted; and whenever the of
fense is begun in one jurisdiction and
completed in another it may be dealt
with, inquired of, tried, determined,
uv.d punished in either jurisdiction in
the same manner as if the offense had
been actually and wholly committed
therein.
Any person, corporation, or company
who shall deliver property for Inter
state transportation to any common
crrrier, subject to the provisions of
this act, or for whom, as consignor or
consignee, any such carrier shall trans
port property from one state, territory,
or district of the United States to any
other state, territory or district of the
United States or foreign country, who
shall knowingly and willfully, by em
ploye, agent, officer or otherwise, di
rectly or indirectly, by or through any
means or device whatsoever, receive or
accept from such common carrier any
sum of money, or any other valuable
consideration, as a rebate or offset
against the regular charges for trans
portation or such property, as fixed by
the schedules of rates provided for in
this act, shall be deemed guilty or a
fraud, which is hereby declared to he
a misdemeanor, and, shall, upon con
viction thereof in any court of the
United States of competent jurisdic
tion within the district where such of
fense was committed, in addition to
any other penalties provided by this
act, be subjected to a fine equal to
three times the sum of money so re
ceived or accepted, and three times the
value or any other consideration so re
ceived or accepted, to be ascertained by
the trial court; and In the trial for
such offense, all such rebates or other
considerations so received or accepted
fo- a period of six years prior to the
commencement of the action may be
considered, and the said fine shall be
three times the total amount of money
or three times the total value of such
considerations so received or accepted,
an the case may be: Provided, that the
foregoing penalties shall not apply to
rebates or considerations received prior
to the passage and approval of this act.
Authorized to Fix Bates.
Sec. 4. That section 15 of said act be
amended so as to read as follows:
Sec. 15. That the commission is au
thorized and empoweredand it shall
be its duty, whenever, 'after full hear
ing upon a complaint made as provided
in section 13 of this act, or upon com
plaint or any common carrier, it shall
be or the opinion that any of the rates,
or charges whatsoever, demanded,
charged, or collected by any common
carrier or carriers, subject to the pro
visions of this act, for the transporta
tion or persons or property as defined
In the first section of this act, or that
any regulations, or practices whatso
ever or such carrier or carriers affect
ing such rates, are unjust or unreason
able, or unjustly discriminatory, or un
duly preferential or prejudicial, or oth
erwise in violation of any of the pro
visions of this act, to determine and
prescribe what will be the just and
reasonable rate or rates, charge or
charges, to be thereafter observed in
such case as the maximum to be
chr.rged; and what regulation or prac
tice In respect to such transportation is
just, fair and reasonable to be there
after followed; and to make an order
that the carrier shall cease and desist
trom such violation, to the extent to
which the commission find the same to
exist, and shall not thereafter publish,
demand, or collect any rate or charge
for such transportation in excess of the
maximum rate or charge so prescribed,
and shall conform to the regulation or
practice so prescribed. All orders of
the commission, except orders for the
payment of money, shall take effect
within such reasonable time, not less
than 3 Odays, and shall continue In
force for such period of time, not ex
ceeding two years, as shall be pre
scribed in the order or the commis
sion, unless the same shall be suspend
ed or modified or set aside by the com
mission or be suspended or set aside
by a court or competent jurisdiction.
May Make Joint Bates.
The commission may also, after
hearing on a complaint, establish
through routes and joint rates as the
maximum to be charged and prescribe
the division of such rates as hereinbe
fore provided, and the terms and con
ditions under which such through
routes shall be operated, when that
may be necessary to give effect to any
provision of this act, and the carriers
complained of have refused or neglect
ed to voluntarily establish such
through routes and Joint rates, provid
ed no reasonable or satisfactory
through route exists, and this provis
ion shall apply when one of the con
necting carriers is a water line.
Provision for Damages.
Sec. 5. That section 16 of said act, as
amended March 2, 1889, be amended so
as to read as follows:
Sec 16. That ir, after hearing on a
complaint made as provided in sec-J
self just such a home in almost any
southern neighborhood. There is no
room in that region for the incendi
ary agitator for the man who
preaches discontent and expects to
thrive on social chaos. But the hon
est toller, equipped with the very
smallest glimmer of intelligence and
thrift, can build a competence for
himself and bestow upon his family
health, happiness and civilization
Take it or leave it
tion 13 of this act, the commission shall
detctmine that any party complainant
is entitled to an awardbf damages un
der the provisions of ttiis act for a vio
lation thereof, the commission shall
make, an order directing the carrier to
pay to' the complainant the cum to
which he is entitled on or- before a day
named.
If a carrier does not comply with an
order for the payment of money within
the time limit in such order, the com
plainant, or any person for whose
benefit such order was made, may file
la the circuit court of the United
States for the district in which he re
sides or In which is located the prlnci-
,.j 5fc jtiVTw- i
SENATOR TILLMAN.
Introduced measure in the upper house
and was prominent in all the debates that
followed.
pal operating office of the carrier, or
through which the road of the carrier
tune, a petition setting forth' briefly
tb.3 causes for which he claims dam
ages, and the order of the commission
in the premises. Such suit shall pro
ceed in all respects like other civil suits
for damages, except that on the trial
of such suit the findings and order of
the commission shall be prima facie
evidence of the facts therein stated,
and except that the petitioner shall not
be liable for costs In the circuit court
nor for costs at any subsequent stage
of the proceedings unless they accrue
upon his appeal. If the petitioner shall
finally prevail he shall be allowed a
reasonable attorney's fee, to be taxed
?nd collected as a part of the costs of
the suit.
In such suits all parties in whose fa
vor the commission may have made an
award for damages by a single order
may be Joined as plaintiffs, and all or
the carriers parties to such order
awarding such damages may be joined
rs defendants, and such suit may be
maintained by such joint plaintiffs
and against such joint defendants in
any district where any one of such
joint plaintiffs could maintain such
suit against any one of such joint de
fendants; and service of process
against any one or such defendants as
may not be found in the district where
the suit is brought may be made in any
district where such defendant carrier
has its principal operating office. In
case or such joint suit the recovery, ir
any, may be by judgment in favor of
any one of such plaintiffs, against the
defendant found to be liable to such
plaintiff.
Orders of the Commission.
Any carrier, any officer, representa
tive, or -agent of a carrier, or any re
ceiver, trustee, lessee, or agent of
either of them, who knowingly tails or
neglects to obey any order made un
der the provisions of section 15 of this
act, shall forfeit to the United States
the sum of f 3,000 for each offense.
Every distinct violation shall be a sep
arate offense, and in case or a continu
ing violation each day shall be deemed
a separate offense.
It shall be the duty or the various
district attorneys, under the direction
of the attorney general or the United
States, to prosecute for the recovery of
foifeitures. The costs and expenses or
such prosecution shall be paid out or
the appropriation for the expenses or
the courts or the United States.
Provision for Court Beview.
ir any carrier rails or neglects to
obey any order of the commission,
other than for the payment of money,
while the same is in effect, any party
injured thereby, or the commission in
its own name, may apply to the circuit
court in the district where such carrier
has its principal operating office, or in
which the violation or disobedience of
such order shall happen, for an en
forcement of such order. Such applica
tion shall be by petition, which shall
state the substance of the order and
the respect in which the carrier has
failed of obedience, and shall be served
upon the carrier in such manner as the
court may direct, and the court shall
prosecute such Inquiries and make such
investigations, through such means as
it shall deem needful in the ascertain
ment or the facts at issue or which
may arise upon the hearing or such
petition. If, upon such hearing as the
court may determine to be necessary,
k appears that the order was lawfully
made and duly served, and that the
cairier is in disobedience of the same,
the court shall enforce obedience to
such order by a writ or injunction, or
other proper process, mandatory or
otherwise, to restrain such carrier, its
officers, agents or representatives, from
further disobedience of such order, or
to enjoin upon it, or them, obedience to
the same; and in the enforcement of
such process the court shall have those
powers ordinarily exercised by it in
compelling obedience to its writs of
injunction and mandamus.
From any action upon such petition
on appeal shall He by either party to
the supreme court of the United States,
and in such court the case shall have
priority in hearing and determination
over all other causes except criminal
causes, but such appeal shall rot va
cate or suspend the order appealed
fiom.
Test of Allison Proviso.
The venue of suits brought in any of
the circuit courts of the United States
THE SUNDAY ROWDY.
The Sunday rowdy Is one of the
most pestiferous of the minor nuis
ances in New York. He makes life
miserable for many persons whose
only holiday Is Sunday and whose only
means 'of escaping from the heat and
noise of the city Is the public trans
portation system. It is impossible to
find any defense for the Sunday
rowdy. He may be' explained as an
overdeveloped physique with an un
derdeveloped mind. This year the
transportation managers whose fail
against the commiasioB to enjoin; set
aside, annul or suspend any order or
requlreoMBtor the commission shall
be in tie district where the . carrier
against whom such order or require
ment may have been made in its prin
cipal operating; office, and may be
brought at any time after such order la
promulgated. And If the order or re
quirement has been made against two
or more carriers then in the district
where any one of said carriers had its
principal operating office; and If the
carrier has its principal operating of
fice in the District of Columbia, then
the venue shall be in the district where
said carrier has its principal office and
jurisdiction to hear and determine suck
suits Is hereby vested In such courts
The provisions of "An act to expedite
the hearing and determination of suits
la equity, and so forth," approved May
11. 1903, shall be, and are hereby, made
applicable to all such suits, including
the hearing on an application for a
preliminary injunction, and are also
made applicable to any proceeding in
equity to enforce any order or require
ment of the commission, or any of the
provisions of the act to regulate com
merce approved February 4, 1887, and
all acts amendatory thereof or supple
mental thereto. It shall be the duty
of the attorney general In every such
case to file the certificate provided for
in said expediting act or February 11,
1W)3, as necessary to the application of
the provisions thereof, and upon ap
peal as therein authorized to the su
preme court of the United States, the
case shall have in such court priority hi
hearing and determination over all
other causes except criminal causes:
Provided, that no injunction. Interlocu
tory order, or decree suspending or re
straining the enforcement of an order
of the commission shall be granted ex
cept on hearing after not less than five
days' notice to the commission. An ap
peal may be taken from any Interlocu
tory order or decree granting or con
tinuing an injunction in any suit, but
shall lie only to the supreme court of
the United States: Provided further.
That the appeal must be taken within
?0 days from the entry or such order
or decree and It shall take precedence
in the appellate court over all other
causes, except causes or like character
and criminal causes.
Appeal for Rehearing.
Sec. 6. That a new section be added
to said act immediately after section
16, to be numbered as section 16a, as
follows:
Sec. 16a. That after a decision, order,
oi requirement has been made by the
commission in any proceeding any
party thereto may at any time make
application for rehearing or the same,
or any matter determined therein, and
it shall be lawful lor the commission
in its discretion to grant such rehear
ing if sufficient reason therefor be
made to appear. Applications for re
hearing shall be governed by such gen
eral rules as the commission may es
tablish. No such application shall ex
cuse any carrier from complying with
or obeying any decisions, order or re
quirement of the commission, or ope
r.ite in any manner to stay or postpone
the enforcement thereof, without the
special order of the commission. In
case a rehearing Is granted the pro
ceedings thereupon shall conform as
nearly as may be to the proceedings
in an original hearing, except as the
commission may otherwise direct.
Sec. 16b. Nothing in this act shall
prevent any common carrier subject
to Its provisions from giving free
transportation or reduced rates to the
officers of organizations or employes
for the purpose of transacting the busi
ness of such organizations with such
railroads. Provided, that such reduced
rates or free transportation are not is
sued with the view of discriminating
SENATOR BAILET.
Whose attitude on the bill was ques
tioned by newspaper correspondents at
the capitol.
in favor of or against any particular
class of employes.
Other provisions or the bill provide
that the commission shall be empow
ered to require annual reports from all
common carriers, and providing that
such reports shall be of the fullest
character; giving the commission at
all times access to the books of com
mon carriers, heavy penalties are en
joined for false entries in accounts. A
fine of 5,000 or imprisonment for a
term of two years, or both, is decreed
for any examiner who shall wrongly
divulge information acquired through
examinations of accounts. Circuit and
district courts are to have jurisdiction
to issue writs of mandamus compell
ing common carriers to obey the or
ders ot the commission. Bills or lad
ing are to be issued by any common
carrier accepting goods for transporta
tion, making railroad companies liable
for loss or damage done in transit
over their or any other line. The com
mission Is empowered to employ spe
cial agents or examiners with full
powers.
This act takes effect and is la
force from and after its passage.
The interstate commerce commission
will consist of seven members, who
shall draw salaries of $10,000 per an
num e:;ch.
ure to perform their duties in the
past is largely responsible for the con
ditions that exist appear to be mak
ing a real effort to suppress the young
toughs that abuse their lines. In this
they should have the active and hearty
cooperation of the city authorities. A
dozen or so disturbers of the peace
sent to Jail would stop many of the
most acute annoyances. N. Y. Sun.
And the more justice some men get
the more they are dissatisfied.
4-M9tr,r'iJAmrr v1 aKt-.4.... J :,
IAIway
the
8ame
Calumet
Baking
Powder
W9 Mssvww BBlMMWHeVp
S.,000.00
atalaraavtsiafiaj
iiC
Catumwt Biking Powdtf
Do act baiadacedto pay 45 er 50 eases
a poaad far the Trait baking paadsra;
stov leave large quantities off Itochisa
Saks ia the food.
at dosiacof KocbenV
the dfceenve ansae. Ta
wffl teB jo this,
INVESTMENT IN MOTH BALLS
of Using the Prevastivw
That Proved to Be a SMgasl
Failure.
A State street druggist, telling of the
quaint characters whom he encounters
ta his business, recently said: "Lata
one afternoon one of the 'ould sod
ambled up to the counter. Hov yez
onythlng good to kill moths?' he asked,
relates the Chicago Record-Herald.
Yc3.' said I, we have moth balls,
the best reemdy known.'
"'Give me tin cints worth, thin
cays he.
"I made up the package, handed it to
him, and he ambled out again. I had
forgotten all about my customer until
about four o'clock the next afternoon,
when I was forcibly reminded of the
transaction ot the day before. After
I had waited on my customers in their
turn 1 walked over to another coun
ter and was there confronted with my
moth-ball investor. Without giving?
me time to make an inquiry, he said::
"'Are yez the young mon that sold
me thim things yistiddy?' showing ma
the remains of about half a dozen of
the white balls.
"I answered In the affirmative, and
also inquired what the trouble was.
"Av all the con games I've run up
against in me tolme, this bates this
all,' he said. 'To think of onyone run
ning a decent down-town store selling
the lolkes of thim things to kill moths
with, or onythlng else, for the matter
of that They might be all right for
playing marbles, but for killln moths,
nlver. I may not be as young as yes
are, young mon, but I'm just as stiddy,
and I want to tell you wan thing. If
yez can show me the man or womam
that can throw wan of thim balls)
quick enough to kill a moth I'll not
only ate ivlry wan of thim yez have
In stock, but I'll say nothing about
the picture the ould woman and meself
broke In the foine little game yes
would have us play.' "
roBEiov rncAHcx. a
Great Britain's public revenue fa
April, the first month of the seal
year, amounted to 418,895, asd ex
penditures, 21,360,361.
New capital issued is London Cross
January 1 to May 5, amounted to
1288,788,915. as agalast 8434,216.505 ia
the same period is 1905.
Total operations of the Bask ot
Japan is the year 1905 amounted ta
814.578,127.060, as increase of 85.744.
106,420 compared with 1904.
The annual report of the Basque da
Paris for 1905 shows that net profits
amounted to only 10,804,883 francs,
agalast 19,411,421 francs in 1904.
A loan of lOu.000,000 francs will ha
shortly pat on the Paris market for
the French colonies Is West Africa.
The greater part is intended for Sen
egal ssd the Upper Niger, to Improve)
the navigation on the two rivers.
The mare is by no means singular.
Everything goes, where money is the
motive. Puck.
THE DOCTOR'S WIFE
Agrees with Him About Pood.
A trained nurse says: "In the prac
tice of my profession I have found sq
many points in favor of Grape-Nuts
food that I unhesitatingly recommend
it to all my patients.
"It is delicate and pleasing to tha
palate (an essential in food for tha
sick) and can be adapted to all ages,
being softened with milk or cream
for babies or the aged when deficiency
of teeth renders mastication impos
sible. For fever patients or those oa
liquid diet I find Grape-Nuts and al
bumen water very nourishing and re
freshing. This recipe is my own idea
and is made as follows: Soak a tea
spoonful of Grape-Nuts in a glass of
water for an hour, strain and serve
with the beaten white of an egg and
a spoonful of fruit juice or flavoring.
This affords a great deal of nourish
ment that even the weakest stomach
can assimilate without any distress.
"My husband is a physician and he
uses Grape-Nuts himself and orders
it many times for his patients.
"Personally I regard a dish of
Grape-Nuts with fresh or stewed fruit
as the ideal breakfast for anyone
well or sick." Name given by Postuna
Co., Battle Creek, Mich.
In any case of stomach trouble,
nervous prostration or brain fag. s
10 days trial of Grape-Nuts will work
wonders toward nourishing and re
building, and in this way ending th
trouble. "There's a reason" and trial
proves.
Look In pkz-:. for the famous little
book, "The Road to Wellvill."
t