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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (June 27, 1906)
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Anthem in Which Americans All Join
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Oh! say, can you see, by the dawn's early light.
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming.
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming;
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air.
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
Oh! say, does that star-spangled banner still wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
Fourth of July
Day Witnessed His Surrender ef
Fort Necessity to trie-French.
It was the 4th day of July, 1754,
Z2 years before the Declaration of In
dependence made the day ever fa
tuous. The light of early morning shone
ipon a strange scene in the wilderness
of western Pennsylvania.
A force of 600 Frenchmen and 100
Indians was camped around a rude
stockade a little to the southeast and
not far from the present city of Pitts
burg. They were commanded by
Coulon de Villiers, a young French
man, the commandant of Fort Du
quesne, who had sworn vengeance
against the English for the death of
his brother, Jumonville, who had fall
en in a skirmish a few days before.
Besides, he was pledged to make good
the French boast that no English flag
hould wave west of the Alleghenies.
In the fort a little force numbering
less than half the number of the
French and Indians had held out for
3ne long day and six hours of the
night against the attack of their
vengeful and overpowering foe.
Before we relate the story of Fort
Necessity, however, it will be well to
refer to the causes which led to this
Fourth of July episode.
At the commencement of the French
ind Indian war it was determined by
the English, for the better protection
of their interests, to build a fort at
the junction of the Allegheny and
Monongahela rivers, on the present
cite of Pittsburg. A body of troops
was accordingly dispatched by Gov.
Dinwiddle of Virginia to accomplish
The death of their colonel on the
march threw the command into the
hands of the second officer, a tall Vir
ginian of 22, with brown hair and gray
eyes, whose gravity of manner and
careworn appearance bespoke even
then the greatness he was to win.
This Virginian youth was George
Before he reached the goal of his
journey, Washington learned from his
scouts the futility of his errand. In
stead of driving out the French, he
and his command stood in a fair way
of being themselves driven out, if not
The French had been improving the
summer weather. They had captured
the few English and built and manned
a strong fortress at the very place
where the English expected to build
one, and a French and Indian force
of more than 1,000 men was thronging
the adjacent forest.
When within a days march of the
new fort which the French had named
Duquesne, after the governor of Can
ada, Washington halted at a place
called the Great Meadows and con
structed a fortification of logs and
earth, throwing up with his own
hands the first shovelful of soil.
To this rude stockade he gave tHe
name of Fort Necessity. In it were
placed the cannons which he had
dragged with so great toil through the
forest paths from Virginia.
After a few days' rest, Washington
went forward with a portion of his
force to meet the Shawnee chief. Half
King. A council was held and it was
determined to make a night attack
The scouts of the faithful Shawnee
chief found the enemy's trail, and in
the darkness of a rainy night the
English made a successful raid. Ju
raonville, the French leader, was
killed, and several of his men fell
prisoners into Washington's hands.
He now fell back upon Fort Neces
sity. His situation was a critical one.
His men had but little ammunition,
and no bread of any kind, having lived
for several days on fresh meat alone,
aad even this was not plentiful.
They were much fatigued by their
long and wearisome march and the
provisions of the wildwood: and.
worse than all, the walls of the rude
fortification were hardly such as could
be expected to sustain a siege from
any large number of foes.
Washington spent his single day of
respite in strengthening his rampart
with logs. On the morning of the
3d of July his scouts brought intelli
gence of the advance of the French.
Meanwhile the French and Indians,
under the command of Coulon de Vil
liers, had been holding a grand pow
wow at Fort Duquesne. The "French
father" had supplied his children lib
erally with firearms and the where
withal to eat and drink.
The braves after consuming several
oxen and drinking two barrels of wine,
had expressed their willingness to
march against the English and drive
them across the Alleghenies.
De Villiers set out on this expedi
tion. The way through the forest was
a difficult one. and before they reached
Fort Necessity rain began to fall heav
ily. But the French pressed on, and
before noon of the 3d of July they
were firing upon Washington's de
fenses. Their position was such, being upon
higher ground, on two slight eleva
tions, and well sheltered by trees and
bushes, that they could cross their
fire upon the fort and enfilade a por
tion of it, without themselves being
exposed to much injury irom the Eng
lish. The rain continued all that day and
night, but the combatants fought on.
Washington's men stood knee-deep in
the mud and water. Twice the fusil
ading partially subsided, and besieged
and beleaguered gazed sullenly at each
other through the thin gauze of mist
At a little after nine o'clock in the
evening the French commander called
out for a parley. Washington's fear
of treachery led him to ignore the pro
posal at first, but his position was so
desperate that he complied the second
Capt. Vanbraam. a Dutchman, the
only person in his troop who could
talk French, was sent to De Villier's
After a long preliminary talk the
Frenchman wrote his terms of sur
render by the flaring light of a pine
knot, the rain drops spattering upon
the paper and rendering the writing
The terms permitted Washington
and his men to march out with the
honors of war, retaining their arms,
stores and baggage.
Washington signed the paper be-'
tween midnight and one o'clock, and
the rest of the night passed quietly,
though the men remained under arms.
At dawn of the Fourth of July the
Great Meadows presented an animated
scene. The morning was fair, and the
sun shone brightly over the damp,
green forests and the lofty ridge of
The horses and cattle belonging to
the garrison had all been killed, and,
burdened by the sick and wounded
j whom they carried on their backs, the
English were obliged to leave most ov
their baggage and cannons behind.
Slowly they filed out of the fort and
began their slow and wearisome marct
for Wills Creek, the nearest EngHst
station. 52 miles over the Alleghenies
Sad must have been the heart oi
Washington as he surveyed the scene.
All his hopes of military glory seemed
blighted in the bud. but whatever may
have been his feelings, no word of
complaint or anger escaped his lips.
1 Without any doubt, however, it was
the darkest and most miserable morn
ing in his life.
He could not foresee the future, but
on that other day, when the bell on
the state house at Philadelphia was
proclaiming the Declaration of Inde
pendence far and wide, and jubilant
crowds were shouting and throwing
up their hats at the glad tidings there
of, Washington must have thought of
the time when he left the walls of
Fort Necessity, a defeated man and a
fugitive. Golden Days.
How They Celebrated.
Said the belfry: "Clanj-! Clang!"
Said the crackers: "Rap! Rap!"
Said the brass cannon: "Whang!"
Said the torpedoes: "Snap!"
Said the sky-rockets: "Whizz!"
Said the candles: "Sh! Piff!"
Said the small pinwheels: "Fizz!"
Said the bin ones: "Whir! Win!"
Said grandma: "There, there!"
Said father: "Boys! Boys!"
Said mother: "Take care!"
Said cook: "Such a noise!"
Said puss: "Gracious me!"
Said Towser: "Bow-wow!"
Said Susie: "Wee-ee!"
Said Will: "Hurrah! Off!"
Edwin L. Sabin, In St Nicholas.
While the Fourth of July is looked
forward to with positive terror by the
(mothers of small boys and venture
some girls, not one woman out of a
hundred has the heart to forbid the
observance of the day by the popu
larly approved method of noise and
the necessary combination of gun
powder and fire. Truly no Spartan
mother was more heroic in sending
'her sons to the training school and
battle than the plucky little American
mother of a pack of patriotic young
people. It is to be feared that the
fundamental spirit of independence
which made the day worthy of re
membrance is very often forgotten, or
at least lost sight of, in the awful de
light surrounding a pack of fire
crackers. But how is it that on this day of
days mother Ignores or keeps silent
about her headache; paterfamilias
rises with the lark, ostensibly to pre
vent his offspring rfom setting fire to
the premises if not to themselves, and
grandfather contributes to jtbe joy
ousness of the occasion by generous
donations of cash, and even the
grown-up sons and daughters of the
household are willing to set oft some
of the larger pieces in the pyrotech
nic layout? Is all this unselfish be
havior entirely for the sake of amus
Flanagan's oration was the chief
feature of the Fourth of July pro
pramme of section 10 of the Missis
sippi A Western railroad, then build
ing through one of the western states,
starting at nowhere, and so far end
ing at nowhere.
This honor hau been accorded Flan
agan, as it was to his efforts the camp
were indebted for the privilege of
celebrating. Flanagan had been in
the country but four months, but that
was long enough to imbibe the Amer
ican spirit, together with a generous
amount of red liquids, and when the
'foreman of gang two intimated that
July 4 would not be a holiday Flan
agan organized an opposition, and was
appointed a committee of one to wait
on the boss.
"Gintlemin and fellow pathriots."
began Flanagan as he fa?ed his audi
ence of railroad laborers gathered
from the four corners of the world.
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One little, two little, three little fingers;
Four little, five little, six little fingers;
Severn .little, eight little, nine little Jsgers;
Tea litfe Angers; on two hands.
Cannon cracker fired off, then there were nine;
Nigger chaser shot off, then there were eight;
Torpedo exploded, then there were seven;
Toy pistol blowed off, then there were six;
Pin wheel flew around, then there were five;
Skyrocket whizzed off, then there were four;
Roman candle popped off, then there were three;
Red fire flared off, then there were two;
Flower pot went off, took one of these;
Piece of punk burned out, saved the last one.
Ten little, nine little, eight little fingers;
Seven little, six little, five little fingers;
Four little, three little, two little fingers;
But one good finger on two hands.
B IV b H aasBwasawkv aasawsa ? H
The signing of the Declaration of
Independence at Philadelphia on July
1, 1776, meant more to the world than
the breaking of the bonds between
Sreat Britain and a rebellious colony
across the seas. The establishment of
a government by the people ind for
the people meant an object lesson for
die nations of the old world which has
had its effect on every day of history
rince that important, event.
' It marked the downfall. of absolut
ism, of tyranny, of the "divine right
of kings," of the governing of men
It defined the inalienable rights of
man in the immortal phrase "life, lib
"by will and pleasure."
LESSON FOR THE YOUNG.
Vation's Birthday an Appropriate
Time to Inculcate Spirit
These are stirring times in the
world's history. Bring the facts down
to the comprehension of the boys and
girls, and on the nation's birthday let
its celebration deepen in them a spirit
of loyalty and the purpose to do their
part in holding up the standards set
by the brave ratn and women who
founded thia great nation.
bwBsbwBssbbW afAwaW Hv
ing the children; of letting them have
one day of absolute freedom; of as-'
sisting them in firing off the said,
dangerous toys in order to prevent
the little people from getting hurt?
Some people have a sneaking notion
that the proper observance of the day
is not entirely for the pleasure of the
young people, and that paterfamilias
secretly enjoys rousing the neighbor
hood with a blast of patriotism, and
that grandpa has been hoarding up his,
spare pennies for weeks past and
would have been much chagrined if
his young "grandson had not generous
ly invited him to "set off" a few of the
As for the mother of the family,
would she upon any other occasion
put up with the din and the dirt and the
burns and ruined clothes if she had
not some sympathy for the offenders
hidden away hi her inner heart?
She may laugh at her husband's ef
forts to become a boy again, but she
is as delighted as the children them
selves when said husband persuades
her to try firing off the pistol, and shel
recalls to mind that it was not so very
long ago when she was able to hit the
bull's-eye at quite a long range. "I
was just your -age then, daughter,"
and she smiles quietly to herself at
some half-forgotten episode.
" 'TIs not much of a spaker is Flan
agan. Yez sint me to see th' boss,
an' sez I to th' boss, sez I: 'It's a fine
pathriot yez are to keep th' min a
workin' when it's attendin' th coun
try's wake they'd be after doin.
Sure,' says I, 'if 'tis sich as ye they
be makin' bosses of 'tis a poor place
I to be a-comin' to. Sure now,' sez I,
'there's Branagan as is a-helpin' make
th' laws, an' Branagan sez to me when
I come over: "Sure, Flanagan, an
it's no work you'll be doin' on Fourth
o' July. TIs a day ye'll have off fer
takin' a bit of a dhrop with th' bys."
An' sure,' sez I to th' boss, "it's nary
a pick will Flanagan lift on that day.'
An', gintlemin an' fellow pathriots,
th' wake will be hild in th' cook tint."
The celebration of section 10 lasted
for three days, and was followed by
seven funerals on the following Sun
day. It is still referred to as a me
morable day in the history of the Mis
sissippi A Western railroad.
erty and the pursuit of happiness."
Tnose words have been the battle
cry of many peoples. They have en
couraged the races of Europe and the
east in the battles against oppression,
and tyrannical governments, one after
another have gone down before them.
They are to-day the rallying cry of
the oppressed of Russia "life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness."
These words are the rock, on which
the Declaration of Independence was
founded. They are the rock on which
our government is founded. So long
as we keep them as the rallying cry
of the nation government by the peo
ple for the people will live.
It is a fitting time to visit the
places where the struggles for inde
pendence was made, and to take the
children, if possible, to visit them.
History becomes a living interest to
children when it is recounted on the
very spot the famous deeds were en
acted. Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill,
Valley Forge, the Brandywine, Ger
mantown, Independence hall, the Bet
sy Ross house, the Old South church
and many other spots have a story
full of inspiration to the boys and
girls of every generation, for there
were enacted the deeds which war
the Baking of a nation.
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as with joyous hearts and smiling faces ftey romp and play when in health and
how conducive to health the games in which they indulge, the outdoor life they
enjoy, the cleanly, regular habits they should be taught to form and the wholesome
diet of which they should partake. How tenderly their health should be preserved,
not by constant medication, but by careful avoidance of every medicine of an injuri
ous or objectionable nature, and if at anytime a remedial agent is required, to assist
nature, .only those of known excellence should be used; remedies which are pure
and wholesome and truly beneficial in effect, like the pleasant laxative remedy,
Syrup of Figs, manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co. Syrup of Figs has
come into general favor in many millions of well informed families, whose estimate
of its quality and excellence is based upon personal knowledge and use.
Syrup of Figs has also met with the approval of physicians generally, because,
they know it is wholesome! simple and gentle in its action. We inform all reputa
ble physicians as to the medicinal principles of Syrup of Figs, obtained, by an
original method, from certain plants known to them to act most beneficially and
presented in an agreeable syrup in which the wholesome Californian blue figs are
used to promote the pleasant taste ; therefore it is not a secret remedy and hence
we are free to refer to all well informed physicians, who do not approve of patent
medicines and never favor indiscriminate self-medication.
Please to remember and teach your children also that the genuine Syrup of Figs
always has the full name of the Company California Fig Syrup Co. plainly
printed on the front of every package and that it is for sale in bottles of one size (
only. If any dealer offers any other than the regular Fifty cent size, or having '
printed thereon the name of any other company, do not accept it. If you fail to get
the genuine you will not get its beneficial effects. Every family should always have
a bottle on hand, as it is equally beneficial for the parents and the children,
whenever a laxative remedy is required.
NEW HOMES IN
Shoshone Reservation to Be Opened to
Settlement Chicago ft Worth
Western R'y Announces Round
Trip Excursion Rates from,
All Points July 12 to 29.
Less than one fare for the round
trip to Shoshoni, Wyoming, the res
The only all rail route to the res
Dates of registration July 16th to
21st at Shosheni and Lander. Reached
only by this line.
Write for pamphlets, telling how to
take up one of these attractive home
steads. Information, maps and pamphlets
free on request to S. F. Miller, A. G.
F. A P. A., Omaha, Neb.
The king of Ashanti has 3,332 wives.
A young Jones is born every 40
The number of known stars exceeds
- Contributors to the London Times
are paid 125 a column.
One man in six in the American
navy is a total abstainer.
The parrot appreciates music more
than any other of the lower animals.
Over 20,000,000 leeches were used
annually 25 years ago, but now not
1,000,000 a year are used.
The world's largest prune orchard
la Los Gates, Cat coatajas 60,000
trees and yields an annual profit of
"There Is one advantage In this business,-'
mused the expert gardener, as
he stood in his orchard. "It is graft
lag all the time, but yon can always
get the public to swallow it" Balti-
There's no use telling a girl she le
Ttrettv: to do the work you must tell
.aer she is the prettiest one you ever
saw N. T. press.
It's Easy to Prove
The superior merit of Dr. Price's Food over other cereals, many
of which are adulterations and injurious to health.
WHEAT FLAKE CELERY
is made from the whole grain of the wheat and absolutely free from
adulterations or bleaching fluids. Prepared by a physician and chem
ist of unauestionable repute. The name is a guarantee of its purity,
as no food products bearing his name have ever been questioned.
Filalitli MslrillwM Cm, off mtlMJ awl sUswy t Cat
package rv safari
givFrte, tbm fiunous food expert, the creator of Dr. Price's Cream BaUac Powder. DeBdeaa
Plarariac Katracta, Ice Cream 8uar and Jelly Deaaerta, fcaaHicver been cobToSiSl
awtwitaattadiac atrenaoua Pood law., to chance mw If S pro&cSTheT haS-.?!.
HiaarnvunaKsn. saw mm
fax a icv n vrn i nMroyS.ntam.d
affords romfort to every
bone. One Mil bos Inst the satire season. Hanaleaa
neat and will aot
oil or Injure
yon will nerer be
without them. If
aotbepC by deal
er, eent prepaid
for tic. aaraM
Men to work ia saw mills and shingle stilts ia
the state of Washington.. MMH WAGES I
Steady employment. No saow or cold weather,
mills run every month in the year. Cheapliving.
For full particulars address Pacific Coast leat
her Manufacturers Association, Seattle, or oa ar
rival call on Crawford & Pratt, 1M Main Street.
PATENTS for PROFIT
must fully protect an invention. Booklet and
Desk Calendar FBEE. Highest references.
Communications CoaSdentiaL Brtabllsacd UB1.
resale IMZtaca. Waaatactaa. a. C.
nasi Biaa ac a-, a I aaaiwraai ea
A CtrWa Car far Iks, Net, Acfthf
DO MOT ACCEPT A SUBSTITUTE.
Lit Sti. Yti a Package af
with your next order of groceries and I will guarantee
aawlotc (saraatM of their qaaiityaad parity.
GRAND ISLAND ROUTE
Account Annual Meeting:. Beneroleat aad
Protective Order of JCiks. at Denver, the St.
Joxepb Grand Island Hallway will sell oa Jalj
W-Mt Inclusive, round-trip tickets to Denver.
Colorado Springs and Pueblo at exeeediaaly
Jow rates. Tickets cood to return nntllAnrnstM.
. ' for farther Information call oa nearest .seat
s. m. ADsrr. ar.A.SL
I a guaranteed earcfor Heaves. riinmhs J
Mstearaer. laaigteuon.winaTT iiasssa
W. X V.t OMAHA. HO. 26, 1906.
that you will be better satisfied
with it than with any starch you
have ever used.
I claim that it has no superior
for hot or cold starching, and
Kocheappremiums are given
with DEFIANCE STARCH.
but TOU GET ONE-THIRD UOMM.
for tour mokkt than of any
DEFIANCE STARCH costs
10c for a 16-oz. package, and I
will refund your money if it
sticks to the iron.
The Grocery aua.
i, STICK TO
There is nothing we eat that makes
the family feel so good as light,
To make good bread it is neces
sary, to begin with fresh. Hvely
yeast. .There is-none- so fresh as
the Big Ten Cake Package of
Two packagesof "On Time" wfil
cost you 10 Cents and weigh more
than three packages of other yeast
which will cost you 16 Cents. Use
9a Tim Yeast and save the nickels.
SO Bus. Winter Wheat Per Acre
That's the yield of Salser'a Bad Crom Hybrid Winter
Wheat, Send 3e In taauMfor f rra naiple of Mine.as
aliocataloaiieof Winter Wheata. Rje. Barley. CloTers.
Tlmothr. Owwi. Bulbs, Tree". etc. for fall planting
emaial TtlSpiHt EfC Wwttf
T-.r.r&T"y -. vj
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