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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1906)
By COLUMBUS JOURNAL Ce.
i The Ostler Fallacy.
Dr. Oiler's fatal philosophy regard
las the comparative uselessneas of
jnea after 40 years of age has been
followed by a fearful wave of dis
couragement and depression among
those who have reached middle life
or later without gaining a competence
or achieving anything like material
success. The extent of the harm
which Dr. Osier has done innocently.
I believe can hardly be estimated,
writes Orison Swett Marden, in Suc
cess Magazine. His words have come
like a death sentence into thousands
pf homes! They have taken away
hope and left despair in thousands of
aching hearts. "What is the use of
trying," these unfortunates say,
"when one of the greatest authorities
In the world has pronounced the ver
dict against us?" Gov. Allen, of Ohio,
in commenting upon the edict of some
of the railroad companies and other
corporations that men over 35 should
not be employed, said, "It is not how
long a man has lived that counts, it
is what's left in him." This is the
secret f the whole thing. It depends
altogether on how much is left in a
man as to whether he is old or young,
whether his fires have burned out or
are still alive. What the employer
wants is vitality, resourcefulness,
alertness, freshness and openness of
mind. It does not matter so much
about the years. It is rather a ques
,tion of energy, of reserve power. It
is folish to fix an age at which men
become comparatively useless. Some
men are young at 70, others are old
at 25. One of the worst delusions that
ever crept into a middle-aged man's
mind is the conviction that he has
done his best work, that he is grow
ing old and must soon give place to
younger men. Do not be discour
aged or allow yourself to be influ
enced by Dr. Osier's "fixed ideas," for
he is himself, at 56, a direct contra
diction of his own theory.
Is meat going out of fashion? There
has been a twofold conclusion in the
results of the recent experiments made
that we eat too much meat, and that,
generally speaking, we take too much
food. The experimenters, led by
Prof. Chittenden, of Yale university,
jfor several months, and in some in
stances for more than a year, reduced
their meat diet by one-half, and yet
maintained as good or better health
jthaa before. The muscular power of
the athletes was increased and mental
activity undiminished. A banana and
a cup of coffee was one bill of fare for
breakfast Strictly scientific experi
ments carried on in America, Ger
many and France have unanimously
resulted la the conclusion that health
and strength can be maintained with
a much less proportion of nitrogenous
food than meat eating peoples deem
necessary. The distinct teaching of
science is that, except the extremely
poor, most people eat about twice as
much as is needful, and that the su
perfluous amount is not merely waste
but becomes the fruitful cause of dis
ease and suffering. The rice eating
Japanese and Chinese practically con
firm the scientific doctrine.
Occasionally some foreign publica
tions assert that there is such an un
worthy thing as an "American lan
guage." Our slan; phrases and our
dialect stories worry them no lit
tle. So far as dialect is con
cerned, remarks, a wise con
temporary, we have no advantage
over our British brethren. They have
;novels written in a jargon which no
one not initiated into the mysteries
can understand. It is not denied that
the United States have contributed
many "Americanisms" to the language
of John Bull. We are a resourceful
people, much given to invention, and
if we want a word that is not in the
dictionary we do not hestltate to coin
one. This may be in very bad taste,
but we have a great country and are
entitled to make occasional innova
tions. Theoretically the promotion of
universal peace through the mediuu:
of international agreements offers an
ideal solution of differences arising
between nations. The practical re
sults have not been such as to arouse
any vast degree of enthusiasm, how
ever. At The Hague convention Eng
land's objection to the Transvaal be
ing given a voice in the deliberations
was sustained. The provisions relat
ing to arbitration proved distasteful
to several of the powers represented
and it was only on the broader pro
posals that the signatures of those
present were obtained.
Dr. Robert-E. Minahan, mayor of
Green Bay, Wis., has declared war on
the street masher, or "the ahem man,"
as he calls that pest. His honor has
observed that it is unsafe for an un
escorted woman to be about the
streets after dark, so he makes this
public declaration: "I am going to get
rid of the ahem man in Green Bay.
They say it can't be done. I do not
know positively that the evil can be
eradicated. But I know this much I
am going to give that fellow the best
run for his money he ever had."
A man who got among the curb
stone brokers in Phlladelphla,.shut -his
eyes and prayed for the mob was sent
to the asylum. The probate court felt
that a man who would shut his eyes
In that crowd was, to say the least,
If yon are puzzling your brains to
think where yon are going to get the
accessary supply of. coal next winter,
it may eacoarage yon to know that
the doctors say that great mental ac
tivity is conducive to long Ufa.
AGENTS OF SULTAN OF TURKEY;
BLAMED FOR CRUEL MURDER
Macedonian Refugees in Minneapolis
Slaughtered in Hovel They
ROBBERY CLEARLY NOT MOTIVE FOR CRIME
Fact That Currency and Valuables Were
Found with Bodies Proves This Inter
national Politics at Bottom, Is Theory
of Police Officials.
Minneapolis. Again the old saying
that "murder will out" bids fair to be
In the heart of Minneapolis, busy
city of the great Northwest, six ap
parently inoffensive men have been
cruelly put to death, and all the efforts
of men bred to the unraveling of
ghastly mysteries have been unavail
ing, either to find the murderers or to
discover a motive for the crime.
The slayers have disapeared as com
pletely as if, indeed, they wore the
fabled invisible cloaks.
At the bidding of a secret order
Because the Turkish government
wanted them out of the way.
These are the various theories
formed by the police. And at theories
All that is positively known Is that
six men, marked for murder, lie in
their graves in Minneapolis all six
killed by orders of some one while
Xotives Apparently Absent.
Everything sems to point to poli
tics. It was not money, because the
men's money and other valuables were
all found intact. It was not revenge.
because they knew no one in Minne
apolis. It was not love, because they
had no women, either as wives or
sweethearts, in this country.
There is but one explanation they
were put out of the way by order of
some high political power on the other
side of the water. This is what the
police believe. What were the intri
cacies abroad no one dares surmise.
And dead men tell no tales.
The six were found lying quite dead
la a ramshackle old wooden house, No.
245 South Tenth avenue, Minneapolis.
So little known were they thereabouts
that the police had a hard time in find
ing out the names of the six. Finally
it was found that two were father and
son, Nicolo and Kirle Demetri, and
that the other foud were Kerstan
Tovke, Krivie Metie, Nukola Jaless
tnd Andri Jaless.
Bodies Not All Together.
The knives, the blood-stained
hatchet, the splashes of blood every-
where, the disorder, the signs of a
struggle, told the story as plainly as
words could tell it Four of the bodies
lay about the front room on the second
loor; tbe other two those of the De
metri lay in a dirty, muddy base
ment where they had been dumped
by the murderers.
Not a thing was found on any of the
men to give absolute proof of their
identities. Even the landlord. H. Mag
nusson, didn't know their names. All
he cared about was that the men had
paid four months' rent in advance
when they came there a week before.
The men ate, slept and lived in the
little roms on the upper floor. They
never drank liquor and were1 appar
ently of tbe most peaceable disposition.
They went out regularly every day
and returned with equal promptitude
in the evening.
Even the people who lived below
heard nothing on the night of the mur
der. It was only guessed at because
the men didn't appear on the second
morning after the murder. Some one
notified the landlord and he summoned
the police. They broke in.
Peter Stuyanoff knew the dead men.
He was arrested as a suspect at first
bat there was nothing to prove against
aim. Ia fact, he gave the police all the
lKUe they do know. He said the mem
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never had a quarrel in their lives and
never .carried weapons. He said they
were all men who had come over here
to make their fortunes, and had no
thought of anything else but of mak
ing money and of sending for their
loved ones on the other side of the
Pathetic Sight at Morgue.
It was a pitiful sight at the morgue
when poor Stuyanoff went there to
identify his dead friends. The sight
of the gaping wounds moved him to
tears. He knelt before each body and
made the sign of the cross as he
breathed a prayer.
Then he arose to his feet and kissed
each dead man on the brow. When he
finally came to the body of his cousin,
young Tovke, he was completely over
come. Great tears rolled down his
swarthy cheeks; his big red handker
chief was soon soaked with them. He
took the head of the murdered boy in
his arms and kissed the still face
again and again. Then he left the
room shaking with grief.
"They would not hurt afly; would
not hurt a fly!" he moaned over and
Fought Hard for Life.
When the house of slaughter was
searched a lamp was found burning in
the rear room upstair. A light had
been seen there the night before. It
looked, however, as if the bodies found
in the cellar had ben dead longer than
the others. This only added to the
Both bodies were terribly hewed and
hacked. In all, the six bodies between
them bore more than 100 wounds, al
most any one of them sufficient to kill
any able-bodied man. There were great
splashes of blood all over the walls
and floors, and it seemed as if the
dead, aroused from their sleep, had
made a desperate fight for life, but in
Two big bowle knives were fonnd in
the room with the four. Two more lay
in another room. A fifth, in Its sheath,
lay in the basement beside the De
metris. Then there was the hatchet
and not another clew.
"Robbery!" said the police, as a first
guess, but that was knocked in the
head when a money belt was found in
plain sight, containing $502, besides
many other articles of value.
Finally the knives were traced by
trade marks upon them. Thomas Wil
son, clerk of the Kelley Hardware
Company, in Duluth, identified them
as having been bought at the store
by a party of six foreigners a week
before the murder. That these were
the six murderers, one for each of the
intended victims, there can now be no
Plainly the dead six had been
marked for vengeance.
Their trail has been followed from
far across the seas to the hidden fast
ness of the far Northwest by men who
evidently had sworn to kill. They had
traced their quarry to Albion, Minn.,
a tiny town, and from thence to Du
luth. When the six came to Minne
apolis they were hunted still.
Had Fled Far to Find Safety.
Adding to the mystery, the vest
ments of some order, religious or se
cret were found in the house. What
had these to do with the strange
deaths? But most remarkable of all
was the plain proof that the six had
fled half-way around the world to es
cape their mysterious pursuers.
Passports proved this without doubt
The papers bore -the earmarks of
Turkey, Greece, Italy and the Balkan
States. Their asoaey, their foreign
coins of gold, several checks and
money orders were all found intact.
They had not been pursued to be
What was it, then?
There had been no drinking bout.
Neither wine nor spirits, or empty
bottles or glasses were found. There
was no love affair, apparently, at the
bottom of it The men knew no wo
men in this country. It may have been
the vendetta, who knows? But every
thing to-day points to politics.
And now comes the story told by the
passports, that seems to point to pollt
cal murder. There were two pass
ports found among the belongings of
the murdered men. One was issued to
young Demetri on January 25, 1905.
This was a passport from Macedonia.
Issued by the Turkish government It
bore the seal of the sultan. Half of
the document was In French, the other
half in Turkish.
It described him as smooth-shaven,
about 33 years of age, medium size, a
native of Macedonia and a subject of
His Imperial Majesty the Sultan. The
other passports were old and inde
chiperable. Strengthens Theory of Politics.
And this pointed to the politics of the
case. The Macedonian rebellion took
at once accepted this theory and went
to work on it But the murderers had
covered their tracks too well.
This much the police believe:
That the victims were leaders of the
rebellion and fled to this country and
that their murderers were agents of
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that they fled here, well knowing they
would be followed, but hoping to escape
into the far Northwest, where perhaps
they might be safe. They went West
in the guise of railway laborers to es
But those whose appointed task was
to kill were cleverer than they and
were always close behind. Though the
chase led half way around the world,
the Turkish agents found their quarry
in an obscure corner of Minneapolis
and then went deliberately about the
job of killing- They bided their time.
When all six were rounded up together
and asleep, and when all was quiet
and deserted without they stole inside
place about two years ago. The police
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SEES SEISMIC PERIL.
Chicago. There are slight indica
tions that Chicago may? experience
an earthquake within a few years,
according to Professor J. Paul Goode,
of the University of Chicago geology
faculty. The presence of certain
species of rock in the earth Inside
or near the city limits, he believes,
is an indication of a condition that
might result in the dismantling of a
portion of the city.
"There is no absolutely geological
proof that Chicago may have an
earthquake in the next few years,"
Professor Goode declared. "One can
detect slight symptoms, however.
Certain .formations of certain kinds
of rock underneath Chicago might
be taken as an indcation. An earth
quake is as simple as the breaking
of a timber.
"I believe that the seat of the
disturbance at San Francisco was
about seven miles below the surface
of the earth. It was quite probable
a slipping of the crust of the earth.
Generally one block of the crust
slips up while the other slips down.
The focus of the disturbance may be
noted by the direction of the cracks
in the Sierra Madra Mountains are
in the wrecked buildings.
"The sierra Madra Mountains are
young and are growing slowly, and
no docbt their growing was tne
cause of the earthquake."
According to Rollin D. Salisbury,
of the university, California has ex
perienced close to 1,000 earthquakes,
of which number 417 have occurred
In San Francisco.
"Previous to 1887, 948 earthquake
shocks have been recorded in Cali
fornia," he stated. "Of these 417
have taken place in San Francisco.
Since that date the earthquake rec
ord of California, so tar as available,
is as follows: 1888, 35; 1889, 40; 1890,
30; 1891, 2t; 189&, 42; 1893. 41; 189,
33; 1815, 36; 1896, 40; 1898, 26.
"The majority of this large num
ber of earthquakes were the merest
tremors. Many of them would have
passed annoticed but for the exist
ence at various points of seismo
ana nnstairs to anisn turn md ror waiea
they had come so far.
The dead men were not caught en
tirely by surprise. There are plenty ot
signs that they struggled desperately
against overwhelming odds. All the
furniture was upset, showing that
there was a struggle before the an
who had been aroused from their sleep
to go to their death had not given ia
without a whimper. Every body bom
wounds enough to kill a dozen men.
Imagine it then the semi-darkness,
lighted dimly by one feeble kerosene
lamp at the window, the silent en
trance of the murderers into the
gloom; the sudden awakening of some
one of the doomed when his wound did
not kill him at the first blow; his cries
to the others,, their sudden awakening,
too; the clash of the steel, the cries of
the unarsssd victims as they vainly
tried to fight off the the knives, the
grappling, wrestling, biting, scratching
of men fighting weapons with only
their hands; the thrust at head and
heart; the death rattle of one aftei
another until there was none left tc
Then the dragging of two of the
bodies to the mouth of the black pit
that passed for a cellar, the dumping
of them down into the hole, and fin
ally the flight into the murky dark
ness of the dawn.
Evidences of Conflict
It was a sight to terrify when thf
police broke in. The six were stone
dead, but there was plenty of evidence
that every one had fought for his life
till, weak from loss of blood in tbe un
equal contest, he had fallen at the feet
of his enemy to receive his coup.
After satisfactory identification had
been made, and the authorities had
made their preliminary inquires, the
bodies were buried together. A Minne
apolis medical college attempted to get
them for dissection, by right of a law
allowing them the bodies of all paup
ers without kith or kin. but when the
$502 was shown the college had to give
The police have worked hard, but
nothing turned up. They have been
to Chicago and to Dulutb, where there
are other Macedonians, but not a single
clew has come to anything.
And now, "Who killed the six?"
seems to bid fair to go down into his
tory as one of the greatest murder
mysteries of the century.
graphs which record movements
much too slight to be sensible.
"Practically half of the earthquakes
recorded in California have been felt
in the vicinity of San Francisco.
Only a few, however, were severe
enough to be destructive. The most
severe was April Id 1902. Others
severe enough to be destructive oc
curred April 21. 1892. and March 30,
1898. A careful record of earth
quakes and of earth tremors has
been made at Lick Observatory and
on Mount Hamilton."
According to Professor Ulysses S.
Grant bead of the geology depart
ment of Northwestern University,
there is no city in the country in
wheh a great earthquake could be
more destructive than in San Fran
cisco, because the western city is
built on a solid foundation of rock.
"If a shock of equal severity had
occurred in Chicago," said he. "it is
probable few buildings would have
been destroyed, because of the clay
and gravel foundation of the city. It
is probable there may be smaller
shocks in the Western States for a
few days, and there may be consid
erable danger from tidal waves, for
these things are likely to come at
"In fact it may be that so severe a
shock as the recent cne In San Fran-
I cisco may bring on a tidal wave that
will be large enough to extinguish
the flames along the water front
"I cannot say that I think there is
any connection between the eruption
of Vesuvius and the earthquake in
California, because the two phe
nomena are of different origin. The
latter is of the sort that is caused
by sliding or slipping in the rocky
crust from cooling. Besides this, the
line of 'volcanic sympathy,' which
causes a chain of earthquakes to oc
cur at about the same time, runs
from north to south."
When Hew York Had Slaves.
In Washington's time there were
21,324 negro slaves in New York
JAPANESE ARMY SUTLERS.
The Canteen Follows Closely- ia the
Wake of the Kevins;
One who was with the Japanese
army ia Maacaarta for six months
says: "Old foreign campaigners re
marked ia the field that no army prob
ably ever had so many canteens ia its
wake. When the army was aot
marching there was always a canteen
or two not far to the rear of every
division. When it settled down to
recuperate after a battle canteens
were quickly established hi Maacha
houses. These carried cigarettes,
writing paper, postcards, beer, imita
tion brandy, imitation whisky, imita
tion port, imitation sherry, sake aad
sometimes Manila cigars.
"Japanese are keen traders. Not
200 feet back of the Nanshan battery
one day in the seven-day battle of the
Shaho there was a Japanese peddler
selling cigarettes, Chinese sweetcakes,
rice and beer to the reserves. During
the same battle the canteens were
never more than three miles back of
the front line of trenches.
As the Japanese soldier's pay is
only $1.36 a month and the army sav
ing banks had. considering that
phenomenal deposits, there was not
much spending money in the army.
A bottle of beer cost ten cents and a
packet of cigarettes about three
"Whenever there was a triing bat
tle the commander-in-chief would or
der Bake distributed as a ration. On
the mikado's birthday a year ago one
extra double packet of cigarettes was
distributed to each man in the field.
This cost the emperor more than $15,
000. Otherwise when the distribution
was possible ten cigarettes a day went
with the regular ration.
"One day in an American periodical
received at camp there was a solemn
poem celebrating the abstinence of
the Japanese from drink.
"This caused concern among the
Japanese officers, who disliked the
emphasis laid upon the difference be
tween their army and a European
army and the commissary general
told the foreign observers:
"'Our soldiers like drink as well as
any other soldiers. Sometimes they
need it when they cannot get it and
we send it to them in the trenches.'
As a matter of fact, though the peas
ant at home has a hard enough time
to supply himself with food, he is not
more averse than other people to
strong liquor once he learns the taste
of it. Many a man will go home from
the campaign with tastes he never
had before. The manufacture of beer
is still a young industry in Japan, but
from the time the process was import
ed it has grown to enormous propor
tions. Headquarters, even battalion
headquarters in underground bomb
proof trenches, were always sapplied
with beer or sweet wine. Marshal
Oyama liked sweet champagne. The
strategist of the war. Gen. Kodema,
drank claret with every meal."
Sleep Kay Be Wooed by Taking a
Series of Deep Inspir
ations. It commonly happens that persons
otherwise apparently in good health
find a difficulty in sleeping without a
break, their night's rest being inter
rupted by turns of wakefulness; after
falling asleep for an hour or two they
awaken a modified or incidental in
somnia takes the place of normal re
pose, says a correspondent of the Lon
don Lancet I believe, and I suggest
that this may be due to a disturbance
of the equilibrium of the cerebral cir
culation. The cause of the disturbance
may be various. I do not propose to
enter into the question of cause, but I
have in many instances successfully
counteracted the result by forced in
spiratory movements by assisting and
encouraging the return flow of blood to
the heart; by a rapid and thorough ex
pansion of the chest cavity, by tbe
vacuity produced, the blood in the
great veins of the neck and upper thor
ax is sucked in and hastened on to its
The large serrati muscles (costo
scapulares) are more especially called
on for this duty. The serratus, by its
hindermost attchment to the pos
terior border of the scapula, as a
muscle of "extraordinary" inspiration,
requires for its action in this ca
pacity that the scapula should be
steadily and firmly held to the spine
by the muscles allocated to this end
in other words, by the shoulders be
ing vigorously held backward. Tbe
deep breathing thus carried out for
8, 12 or 15 inspirations usually suf
fices to induce the wished for somno
lence. Anyway, it is an experiment
easily tried and without risk.
The influence of respiratory move
ments is demonstrated by the effect of
a prolonged and forced expiratory ac
tion. The impediment to the return
flow of blood is easily to be observed
when a vocalist with an uncovered
neck is singing a long-sustained high
note; the external jugular veins will
be seen in their course across the
sterno-mastoid muscle in a state of
extreme distension, accompanied by
congestion of the veins of the head
and face, indicating hindrance to the
blood current toward the heart.
San Marino, the smallest republic in
the world, will soon be without voters
if its rate of emigration keeps up. It
has only 1,700. including widows, but
It i3 still a good repunlic. Recently
its assembly decided to abolish the
oYPnitire council, the members of
which have been elected for life.
Hereafter members will be elected for
three years only.
Searsport, Me., is a town of many
skippers, having been represented on
the high seas by 142 captains of full
rigged ships. The year 1885 was the
best in her history In this respect, for
Searsport then had 77 captains in
active service. They were not all resi
dents of the town, but all either lived
there or were born there, so that was
the place they hailed from.
In the Usual Way.
Friend Do thoughts that came to
you long ago ever return?
Scribbler O. yes if I Inclose a
stamped envelope. Stray Stories.
UMTEO STATES SENATOR
FROM SOUTH CAROLINA
S) Ex-SeoaterM C. Butler. (3
Dysfefsia Is Often Caused By Catarrh
of the Stomach Peruna Relieves Ca
tarrh of the Stomach and Is Tiurefort
Remedy For Dyspepsia.
Hon. M. C. Butler, Ex-U. S. Sen-
1 ' ator from South Carolina for two ' '
, ' terms, in a letter from Washington, ',
D. C, writes to the Peruna Medicine
1 ' Co., as follows : ?
" cam recommend Peruna fori
dyspepsia and stomach trouble. I
1 1 have been using your medicine for ' '
, a short period and I feet very much I
1 relieved. It Is ladeed m wonderful
medicine, besides a good tonic. "
CATARRH of the stomach is the cor
rect name for most cases of dyspep
sia. Jnordertocurucatairhof the
stomach the catarrh must be eradicated.
Only an internal catarrh remedy,
such as Peruna. is available.
Peruna exactly meets the indications.
"For a number of years requests
have come to me from a multitude of
grateful friends, urging that Peruna
be given a slight laxative quality. I
have bsen experimenting with a laxa
tive addition for quite a length of
time, and now feel gratified to an
nounce to the friends of Peruna that
I have incorporated such a quality in
the medicine which, in my opinion,
can only enhance its well-known bene
"S. B. Haktiiak. M. D.m
It is just about impossible to be
sick when the bowels are right and
not possible to be veil when they
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once you wish to know how it feels
to be thoroughly well, give this
famous laxative tea a trial.
Sold by all dealers at 25c and 50c.
That Delightful Aid to Health
Whitens the teeth purifies
mouth and breath cures nasal
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and by direct application cures
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Paxtinc possesses extraordinary
clcansinir, healimr a::d ccrmi-
cidal qualities unlike anything
else. At all druggists. 50 cents
IAKGK TRIAL PAC.CAG3 FRSB
The It. Paxton Co., Boston. Mass.
When you btry
Hies and many
other good poHKS' ,
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AjTQwt CO BOSTON US
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Children Taught to Smoke.
In the seventeenth century children
at Worcester, Eng., took their pipes
and tobacco to school, where the mas
ter taught them "how to hold their
pipes and drawn in their tobacco."
Curiosities of Amber.
Flies are not the only things found
in amber. In a big mass of clear am
ber dredged up out of the Baltic sea
recently there was visible in Its in
terior a small squirrel fur, teeth and
There are very few women who can
look at their husbands without giving
the impression inthe glance that they
believe they might have taken their
eggs to a better market Atchison
The discrimination against the male
sex has no end. When a scarecrow is
built, ever notice that It is patterned
and dressed like a man?
If a sword breaks the owner will be
stabbed. If a gun breaks the owner
will be shot
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