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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 13, 1905)
"REAL TTtOlTiLE WITH ItlSSIA
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TMr. AVragg Im-Itcs contributions of any
.new idwis mat roatlc-is of this depart
ment may wish to ir.snt. and would lie
lileasod to answer c-oriespondents eair
in information on Mibji-cts discussed.
Addie-s M. J. "Wiase. Waukee or Des
One of our subscribers asks us to
give the best method for packing trees
and vines in a cellar, to insure the
Jeast injury or loss during winter.
This is a subject that has attracted
the attention of horticulturists and
nurserymen for many years, and it is
along this line that much stock has
been damaged from winter packing.
For several years we packed our cel
lars using pure black earth or sand.
Either of these have been satisfactory
but there is a great drawback when
you have any great quantity to
pack owing to the great weight
of either earth or sand, and having
to be removed by shovel makes
it quite expensive in packing large
cellars. We have tried with good
success wood fiber in the pack
ing of trees, etc. The fiber above
referred to is the sawdust from a shin
gle mill, and should be used fresh and
not allowed to become heated by lay
ing out in large piles during the sum
mer. We use one-third Spagmum
moss, and two-thirds shingle shavings,
or wood liber. This way of packing
has this advantage, that there is no
possible chance for it heating, and it
letains moisture well. In unpacking
our cellars we have found it 50 per
cent easier to handle. To the above
we wish to add that ventilation is one
of the main requisites in packing trees
away in cellars. Never pack trees in
a cellar that is under a house used
for a dwelling as it is next to impos
sible to keep the conditions right, as
they will become too dry during our
winters, and as a rule they do not
have the proper ventilation. The best
cellar for wintering stock is one
built out of doors, using as a roof
either a brick arch, or a lumber roof.
In either event, ventilators should be
built every eight feet, so as to insure
Where but few trees are to be
packed away we believe the best way
is to heel them in in open ground, as
nature furnishes all the conditions
and with a little mulch over the tops
during our winter months is all that
Two men will work horses side by
side on the same farm. The horses
may be about equal on the start. The
feed is taken from the same mow
and also from the same bins and the
labor is the same in quality. The
team driven by one man will keep in
good condition, all the while; that
driven by the other will be in low
condition before the end of the sea
son. What makes the difference? In
the first place the care given to the
horses in the stable, and in the second
place the quiet way in which the labor
is done. One man will handle hi"
horses without irritating them, the
othor man has them in fear all the
QUACK GRASS SEED.
The oat crop ripens latest of all the
small grains, and where the land is
filled with roots of quack grass some
of those will get even start with the
grain, and will ripen their seed at the
same time. Quack seed is very small,
so that in winnowing the oats of it
will fall through the seive and be
separated from the oats. But some of
the quack seed is likely not to be
threshed, and will then go into the
stalk. It is in this way that quack
grass often spreads from a small place
over the entire farm. When it gets
into the manure pile, there is no stop
ping its progress. Late oats and late
hay grown where quack grass is now
to be should be kept by themselves,
and,the oat straw be sold to some fac
tory where it will not go into any
body's manure pile.
FARM HOUSE CELLARS.
Most cellars are not only too warm,
but too damp. The latter evil is easily
remedied by putting a few lumps of
unslaked lime in various parts of the
cellar, where it will absorb the sur
plus moisture. It will also help to ab
sorb the odors of decaying vegetables,
which are held in the moisture of the
air. which is sweetened when they are
removed. To keep roots in "cellars,
some dirt should be thrown over and
sifted among them. This will also
protect them from being frozen, if
the cold weather causes the ther
mometer to sink below the temper
ature for freezing.
SOIL FOR BULBS.
All bulbs like a rich, well-drained
mellow soil. They will not do well
in heavy soils, and a great deal of
moisture about their roots is fatal to
them. Therefore in selecting a place
for them choose one naturally well
drained, if possible. If you are not
sure of good, natural drainage, set
about providing a means of escape for
surplus water by excavating the soil
to the depth of at least a foot eighteen
inches would be better and filling in
at the bottom of the excavation with
from four to six inches of broken pot
tery, brick, old cans anything, in fact,
which will not decay readily and allow
the soil above it to settle back into its
former hardness, and thus become as
retentive of moisture as it was before
anything was done with it
In this day and age when things
are figured down fine, a cow that pro
duces less than two hundred pounds
of better fat is not a paying invest
xpoL with grain and hay at present
NOTES ON THE STRAWBSRRY.
Land for strawberries must be prop
erly prepared. We saw a case this
year where strawberries were set out
on virgin soil soil that had never had
the plow on it, and where the ground
was so compact that even the natural
verdure on it was thin and weak. This
land, although manured, did not do
well, and should not be expected to
do weil, in helping to make a good
trawberry bed. Though the growing
season has been a good one, most of
the plants in question are now small
and stunted in appearance. Had the
year been a dry one they must of
necessity withered and died. Land
like the above lacks both the mechani
cal structure and the plant food to
permit the strawberry plant to do its
Nurserymen are often blamed for
sending out strawberries that do not
come up to the expectations of the
buyers. In many cases the poor re
sults are directly traceable to the man
ner in which the plants were handled
by the purchasers or to the very un
prepared condition of the ground in
which they were placed. The land for
strawberries must be land that has
been growing some thrifty crop and
that has received proper manuring
and attention. Virgin soils are not
suitable for the development of a
crop that must feed as grossly as
does the strawberry. Land well
worked and well-manured and of prop
er mechanical structure will give
good results when the plants are prop
erly handled and taken care of. It is
our experience that the nurseryman
is seldom to blame, but the buyer
often. This is especially the case
when the buyers are people setting
out a strawberry bed for the first
The custom of dipping sheep once or
twice a year has now become a part
of their regular work incidental to
sheep husbandry in well managed
flocks. It is only quite recently, how
ever, that dipping has been resorted
to as a means of removing ticks, lice
and other kinds of vermin from cat
tle, also certain skin disease. Some
owners of large herds are construct
ing large vats at considerable expense
and are experimenting in order to
ascertain as to whether cattle will
rot be benefited as much from dip
ping annually as sheep.
AMONG THE APPLES.
Tied, and russet, and yellow,
Ikying here in a heap
Pippins, rounded and mellow.
Greenings for winter keep:
Seek-no-furthers. whose blushinjy
The soul of the aint would try.
Till his face showed the crimson Hushing
The cheek of a Northern Spy.
Hid from the winter weather.
Safe from the wind and sleet.
Here in a pile together
Kusstt and Pippin meet.
And in this dim and dusty
Old cellar they fondly hold
A bieath like the grapes made musty
By the summer's radiant gold.
Each seems to hold a vagrant
Sunbeam, lost from the sky.
When lily blooms were fragrant
Walls for the butterfly:
And when the snow Is flying.
What feast In the hoarded store
Of crimson and yellow lying
Heaped high on the sandy floor.
Frnltag of bright spring splendor.
Of leaf and blossom-time.
That no tiopic land can mend or
Take from this frosty clime
Fruit for the hearthstone meeting.
Whose flavor none can destioy.
How ou make my heart's swift beating
Throb with the pulse of a boy!
Apples, scarlet and golden,
Apphs. juicy and tart.
Bringing again the olden
Joy to the weary heart.
You send the swift thoughts sweeping
Thiough the wieckage of time and
To that hidden chamber, keeping
The gladntss of youth's bright years.
CLEAN AND PURE FEED.
Poultry that are fed grain receive
pure feed, but it is not by any means
advisable to make grain the sole
ration of the poultry. Soft feeds will
have to be fed to some extent and
troughs must be used for this kind of ,
feed. Where the residue is left to sour j
the fowls will show the effects in time. '
Fermented feeds no not appear to be
readily digested by poultry. Careless- .
ness in the matter of cleaning the ,
troughs may cost the poultry owner .
dear. It requires some effort to have I
the feeding and watering vessels al- ,
ways clean, but it is the only thing
that should be done. Spoiled food is
a disease breeder and it should not be
permitted within reach of the fowls.
UTILIZING COW PEAS.
A poultryman, reports that an acre
of cow peas was left uncut near his
poultry yard, and during the winter
his hens attended to the harvesting of
the peas. He was surprised to re
ceive almost double the usual amount
of eggs during that season, and asked
if the peas had anything to do with
it Cow peas are rich in protein,
therefore should assist in forming
eggs. The exercise in securing the
peas is another factor which recom
mends this practice to the poultryman
in search of winter eggs. It would be
a good plan to give cow peas a trial.
If ventilators are put on the barn,
see that they are not so placed that
they will cause a draft of air over the
In kodaking a mule, don't focus the
rear unless you have a wheelbarrow
Keep the machinery oiled; better
work can be obtained from oiled machinery.
BUILDING THE ICE HOUSE.
The following suggestions on build
ing the ice house and storing Ice will
be found helpful. They are from the
pen of T. B. Terry, of Minnesota. The
ice question is one that the farmer
should pay more attention to, and at
least experiment with it It will not
be a costly experiment, but on the
contrary will be found to be almost
indispensible, once tried. The season
is now at hand when the work can be
commenced. The lakes, creeks and
ponds, already frozen over will soon
produce ice of sufficient thickness to
store and in great abundance. Get
your ice house ready for it, and next
July and August, and during several
other months, you will thank your
lucky stars you were so provident Mr
Terry's helpful suggestions on the
"Ice will keep, be the house above
ground or below, if the construction
and management are right There are
three points that everyone absolutely
must pay attention to. They are ven
tilation above the ice, drainage below
it, and a body of sawdust or similar
non-conductor, about one foot thick,
on top, bottom and sides. The ven
tilation can be obtained by good sized
openings in each gable of a small
building, or on all four sides of a larg
er one. The opening may be covered
with wire cloth, to keep out the birds.
Blinds may be used, with large slats
turned down so as to keep out the
most of the rain, while letting the
air in freely.
"The drainage under the Ice may
be obtained in various ways. The
well, or pit, is all right, provided it
is fixed so water can be readily got to
the well, and it is mimned out. or
! soaks away before it becomes full. A
foot deep of small stones, covered with
two inches of gravel, will also make
a fair drain and a proper foundation.
The water may be taken away from
below this by tile drains that run out
side to some point that is low enough.
Bear in mind that the water must not
stand under the ice; you must fix It so
it can get away out of the foundation
as fast as it comes, that is all.
"Now with these precautions. It
doesn't matter particularly what the
building is, whether of brick, stone,
slabs, or lumber, cheap or costly.
Just pack your ice on the sawdust
leaving a space a foot wide all around,
and fill up solidly with sawdust as you
go up. There is no need of sawdust
in the roof, or In walls of buildng. A
single inch board is as good as more
for sides, or at least is good enough.
The sawdust, with its air spaces, keeps
A day spent now in cleaning, oiling
and putting under cover all farm ma
chinery not needed until another sea
son will pay big interest in time and
money saved. We always followed the
practice of cleaning and oiling plows,
cultivator teeth, corn planter knives,
in fact, everything that will rust. Lin
seed oil is good for this purpose, and
can be easily applied to the wearing
parts of machinery with a rag. We
went further and applied oil to wood
work where needed, using a brush for
the purpose. More than that, we
housed every tool on the farm when
not in use. Weather often does more
damage to expensive machinery than
actual wear. Of course the machine
agent likes -to see machinery standing
in fields and fence corners covered
with rust and decay, for he has more
to sell, but the farmer who takes care
of his implements is his poorest cus
tomer CARING FOR THE BULL.
The bull should have a ring in his
nose about the time he is a year old,
says Charles L. Hill, and earlier if
he is headstrong, 'and as soon as it
is healed he should be taught to lead
by it, and always be handled by a
stall. A daily grooming will greatly
improve his looks and doubtless do
him good. Do not keep your bull in
a foul dark pen, but if possible give
him a light airy box stall, in sight of
the herd of cows, and be sure and
clean his stall, and water him daily.
Do not abuse him, but still be firm
with him. Never fool or play with a
young bull, but always make him
mind, and then as he grows older
never give him a chance to know that
he can do anything else. Do not trust
him if he is gentle, though you may do
as you please about it if he acts cross.
It is always the gentle bull that kills
the man. Careless handling of bulls
has cost our state some of the best
dairymen and breeders.
A noted sheep raiser says that it Is
a mistaken idea to think that one
should depend principally on corn for
fattening sheep; one should use plenty
of bright, sweet, roughness such as
J clover hay, sheaf oats, mixed hay,
j millet and-there is nothing superior to
j corn fodder or hay cut from new
meadow with plenty of weeds in it,
for sheep are fond of weeds and never
fail to eat all such feed.
Any time now, as soon as the
ground is frozen the strawberry bed
may be covered for the winter. For
this purpose nothing is better than
marsh hay; the next best materia! is
corn stalks, then clean straw of any
sort The sole object of covering the
bed is to prevent the thawing of the
biuuuu auu uui me ireezing.
Fortune knocks once at every man's
door, but many of them are eithei
finding fault or chewing the rag s
hard that they fail to hear the knock
A sure sign of Snancial indigestion
is living to-day on to-morrow's Income.
''Some days before our departure
from Moscow for Nizhni Novgorod we
had booked tickets for places in a
sleeping car," writes a traveler.
"There were two of us, and by book
ing berths in time we doped not only
to avoid trouble in obtaining places,
but to insure a night's rest in the
'wagon-lit' We were en route for the
famous and always unspeakably in
teresting 'Bqlshaya Yannaka,' that
great fair at Nizhni which is absolute
ly without rival in the whole world of
periodical commercial exhibitions. I
had been cherishing some degree of
apprehension as to what might hap
pen at the 'Nijegorodsky Voksal,' or
station of the line which runs by
Vladimir to Nizhni Novgorod. My
worst fears were realized. Many peo
ple were going to Nizhni Novgorod.
And I wondered how many might have
booked for the first-class carriages,
and whether many would make a rush
to capture the berths in the 'wagon
lit.' So I somewhat heavily tipped
the most intelligent looking official I
could find, showed him our two num
bered tickets and engaged him to see
that we were able to appropriate them.
"Suddenly the doors of the waiting
saloon were flung open and there was
WOES OF -BLOCKADE 'RVffJtE'R
Here is a tale of adventurous block
ade running during the Russo-Japanese
war: In December of last year
the steamer Carlisle, Capt Jessen,
1,035 tons, belonging to Leith, Scot
land, left Vladivostok with arms and
ammunition worth over 14.500,000 on
board, destined for Port Arthur. Be
fore that port was reached, however,
it had surrendered to the Japanese.
Capt Jessen altered his course while
he had yet time and stood out to the
open sea. All went well until the
steamer was 300 miles to the east
ward of Yokohama when the Carlisle
lost all her propeller blades. The cap
tain rigged up sails on the steamer's
stumpy masts, and navigated his ves
sel 2,000 miles southward, ultimately
dropping anchor in San Miguel bay,
Caramines, in the Philippines, on Feb.
Japanese in the vicinity had heard
of the vessel's arrival and disguised
as fishermen set out in four sampans
to attack and if possible sink the ship.
A little man of 12 years, already a
qualified practician in silence and obe
dience, whose father owns a large
rubber 'plantation in Central America,
and who not long ago secured options
on two plantations adjoining his own,
went to New Orleans to raise the
money to purchase them.
In a short time his wife secured an
option on a third plantation, which
he very much desired, but which he
had not been able to set before leav
ing for New Orleans. WUh a wife's
caution, she was afraid to trust the
option to the mails, so she sewed it
carefully in the lining of her small
son's jacket, and sent him north by
the next steamer.
"Mind, you are not to talk to any
body!" was her parting injunction.
The'boy obeyed her so literally that
half the passengers thought him
dumb. Several persons took a kindly
interest in him, and tried to make the
voyage pleasanter for him; but he re
fused to make friends, and except for
There are some Interesting anec
dotes of the leading British literary
lights of the middle nineteenth cen
tury in a volume recently published
in London, "Mrs. Brookfield and Her
Circle." On one occasion there was
great emoarrassment at one of their
gatherings. The majority of the par
ty were anxious to hear Tennyson
read "Maud," the first copy of which
had just reached him; but it was
known that Carlyle could not endure
to hear any one reading aloud. What
was to be done? A plot was laid to
have the reading during the time of
Carlyle's morning walk; but for this
he always demanded an appreciative
companion. Mrs. Brookfield says:
"Chairs had been arranged in a quiet
sitting room; the visitors were taking
their places. Alfred was ready. So
was Carlyle in the hall waiting for
a companion in his walk, and evident
ly determined not to stir without one.
It was quite an anxious moment. At
length Mr. Goldwin Smith generously
A stone carving of a grizzly bear in
the attitude of defending her cubs has
been carved by Andrew Chester
Thompson of Seattle, and will be im
mediately shipped to Alaska to be
placed over the grave of R. Shadesty,
one of the most prominent Indians
in the north when alive, says the
Seattle Times. He died Dec. 17, 1903.
leaving $600 to defray the cost of the
The big piece of stone carving,
weighing 3,000 pounds, will be shipped
from Seattle to Wrangel, and from
that point will be carried about 150
miles overland to the home of the
Bear family Indians. The Indians
themselves will transport the grizzly
on its overland journey according to
their own primitive methods of trans
portation. Mr. Thompson has been carving im
THE FATE OF
The Assyrian came down like a wolf on
And his cohorts were gleaming In purple
And the sheen of their spears was like
stars on the sea.
When the blue wave rolls night on deep
Like the leaves of the forest when sum
mer is green.
That host with their banners at sunset
Like the leaves of the forest when au
tumn hath flown.
That host on the morrow lay withered
For the Angel of Death spread his wings
on the blast.
And breathed in the face of the foe as
' he passed;
And the eyes of the sleepers waxed dead
ly and chill.
And their hearts but once heaved, and
forever grew tlll'
a wild stampede. A big squad of most
respectable -Russian passengers made
a rush for the sleeping cars. T Ul
the berths were not booked they
would seek to occupy them, although
only possessed of ordinary first-class
tickets, and they might be allowed to
do so by the expedient of a small bribe
quietly administered to the guard. I
have never seen a wilder, scrimmage
than the fight that ensued. The pas
sengers with numbered tickets had
booked up all the seats for the night's
journey. But our man had to shout,
push, strike right and left, to hurl out
two invaders who bad stormed our
places and to back hard against others
who elbowed their way along the car
riage corridors before the way was
clear and we could reach the places to
which we bad a right
" 'What can be the matter with Rus
sia? What can be the real cause of
her troubles?' These are questions
which thousands of people are asking.
The little incident I have described
suggests the accurate answer. Abso
lute carelessness as to administration
is typical of the management of all
public affairs. 'Nichevo' (no matter)
is the word most constantly heard on
native lips. Nobody cares."
With the assistance of the customs of
ficers on board the crew managed to
beat off the repeated attack of the
Japanese, but not before many shots
had been exchanged. An American
warship ultimately arrived on the
scene and towed the Carlisle round to
Manila, where she was interned by
the American authorities. At Manila
the Carlisle was provided with a new
propeller, but watched by the Ameri
can warships within the port and by
a Japanese cruiser which kept con
tinually appearing in the offing. The
Carlisle one night disappeared from
Manila at the time of the passing of
Singapore by Admiral Rojestvensky's
But again fortune frowned; the
Carlisle could not find the Russian
fleet, and after many days' fruitless
search the captain had again to turn
south. At the end of May the vessel
steamed innocently into Saigon,
where she is at the present moment
with her valuable but dangerous car
go on board.
brief thanks, no word could be got
out of him.
As soon as the boat docked he
found his way to the office of the
broker where he knew his father
made his headquarters. His father
turned pale at the sight of him, and
tremblingly asked if anything had
happened at home.
The father then asked, somewhat
sternly, what had brought him there.
The boy answered by shaking his
head. "I can't tell till we are alone,"
When his father took him Into a
private office, he shut the door and
locked it Taking oft his coat he
showed his dazed father where to rip
it and the option was in safe hands.
Then he spoke with a sigh of relief.
"Mother told me not to talk with any
body," he said, "and I haven't."
Of course his father was proud of
him, but one hopes that the faithful
little chap bad a good time after that
New Orleans Picayune.
stepped forward and joined the phil
osopher and then Mr. Brookfield joined
them both, while the rest of us re
mained to listen with enthralled at
tention to the new words of the poet."
Of Macaulay's conversational mcth
od Mrs. Brookfield gives the following
curious example: "I remember sit
ting next him at dinner, at one period
of which I asked him if he admired
Jane Austen's works. He made no re
ply until a lull in the conversation oc
curred, when he announced, 'Mrs.
Brookfield has asked me if I admire
Jane Austen's novels, to which I re
ply ' and then entered into a lengthy
dissertation, to which all listened but
in to which no one else dared intrude."
A Tennyson incident: "Mr. Moxon
said that Alfred one day while trav
eling said to him, 'Moxon, you have
made me very unhappy by something
you said to me at Lucerne the unfor
tunate speech having been: 'Why Ten
nyson, you Wiu be as bald as Sped
cing before long.'"
ages for Alaska Indians for the last
twenty-five years, but this is the
largest monument he has shipped to
Alaska carved from a single piece of
The stone carving provided for
Shadesty is the first to be ordered
in a defensive attitude. For the Black
Bear tribe Mr. Thompson has carved
several statues of bears, but they
have all been on all fours. The Wolf
tribe and others taking their name
from wild animals have ordered carv
ings, but the work done for Shadesty
is novel in its conception.
It is customary among the Alaska
Indians to leave money to pay for
their own tombstone, and Shadesty
saved for a lifetime to give himself
a suitable piece for his g-ave. He was
wealthy enough, though, to leave his
kinsmen considerable money.
And there lay the steed with his nostra
But through it there rolled not the breath
of his pride;
And the foam of his gasping lay white
on the turf.
And cold as the spray of the rock-beating
And there lay the rider distorted and
With the dew on his brow and the rust
on his mail;
And the tents were all silent, the ban
The lances unlifted, the .trumpet un
blown. And the widows of Ashur are loud In
And the idols are broken In the temple
And the might of the Gentile, unsmote by
Hath melted like snow In the glance of
of the T o-
Journal Job Printing
Styles are always up-to-date.
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If we haven't it we will order it We can save business
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Journal Sale Bills bring crowds. Journal Letter Heads
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Columbus Journal 60.
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WHEREVER WE HAVE NO AGENT. YOUR OWN DEALER WILL
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KINLO" AINT COMPANY. ST. LOUIS. MO.
Without Change of Cars
UNION PACIFIC R. R.
Chicago- Milwaukee & St. Paul
For Time Tables rnd Special Rates see Union Pacific
Agent, or write
F. I. MSN, Gm'I Wester Igml, 1524 Farm St.
Four fast daily trains via the Union Pacific R.R.
and The North-Western Line take you through
to Chicago without change of cars over
The Only Double) Trick Railway Between
the Missouri River and Chicago
Pullman standard and tourist sleeping cars, free re
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Direct connection in Omaha Union
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City, Mankato, St. Paul, Minneapolis
For rates, tickets and full information apply to
Agents of the Union Pacific R.
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Me. 1201 FARMAal ST.
Kansas City Southern Railway
"Straight m tke Crow Fats"
KANSAS CITY TO THE GULF
PA83ING THROUGH A GREATER DIVERSITY OF
CLIMATE. SOIL AND RESOURCE THAN ANY OTHER
RAILWAY IN THE WORLD, FOR ITS LENGTH
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rla: for commercial ca;
for aegar cane and rleecnltjTftUoa;
aorsM. males, cauie, nogs, aneep. poultry aaa Angora geew.
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FREE GOVERNMENT HOMESTEADS
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THE SHORT UMC TO
"THE LAND OF FULnLLMKHT"
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for merchantable timber; Sonataae
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