Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1905)
FAPM SCHAPD at GARDEN
WEDDING OF SECOND SON
OF KAISER ARRANGED FOR.
Journal Job Printing
""T';?rtqB??"' ' - "
-ii4pfe?'--t, a-. ftmAiSii ' -u
i- &. . - : c
" "?"- IrrZ.. . '
7jT t TtmAjys
M4& V "W- W W MjtmWWWW
. w r f m m
"""r AJ-O-yyy. '-- . . ''Tl-zdi,.-
inent ma vi --
ptea2 t . -villi::
Adtrss M J
---. 'au-ra or a"
i ..--- .: rbi tiepar--
sti. anil would t
tj- -jpondents des:r-
n uiji-t dwcuj.!
: szs, a.ucet: or Jts
t PRUNING FOR FRUIT CR WOCD.
TO? DRESSING PASTURES
The average yield of hay taken from
a meadow m the United States is prob
ably less than l tons per acre per
ear. If due attention is givtn to the
fertilizing of meadows this return
couW undoe&tedly be very greatly in
creased. Statements occur rrorn time
te time, particularly in eastern papers,
showing the great incrtase in the
yields of hay b roach t about by top
dressing meadows with some kind of
fertilizer, in New England complete
fertilizers are used: that is to say. ter
tifizers -Knich contain nitrogen, phos
phoric acid and potash Tb practice.
Trees have two natural methods of
reproducing themselves. The first is
! by means of shcots or buds. This is
J known as the vegetable reproduction,
or reproduction by growth. Every bud
on a tree, if placed under proper condi
tions as is done in the practice cf
grafting and budding, is capable cf
producing a tree like the one from
which it was taken. The Aher method
of reproduction is by the seed of the
fruit. If the tree is growing a great
deal of wood It produces little fruit,
and vice versa. The skill of the pruner
:s required to maintain the proper bal
ance between the reproduction by
growth and by fruit. If cne kind of
reproduction is getting too much the
start of the other, it is only necessary
to check the predominant one. If trees
. are pruned in the growing period.
, rowth will be checked and fruiting
' stimulated. Summer pruning should
howeTer. of nsms nrroren alone, and
two or three times curing the crowing ! be mostly confined to heading back too
seosni. is becoming quite common. In- i fast growing branches. If on the other
stances have been cited wherein five ; haad the center of the tree is thinned
toes per acre per year have thus been j ont- the fruit-bearm:r branches are re
reaped. In other instances. Three tons ! mOTed' and & energies of the tree
have been obtained. If these results i fe aain forced into wood growth.
can be obtained on the thin soils of -he owth of the tree might be
New Wnsfcmd hw ranch more will ' checked by stopping cultivation and
they not be obtained on the richer
soils of the Mississippi basin, if due at- i
tentioa is given to the fertilization of
the meadows. '
Tke time is coming when meadows I
and pastures will be thus fertilized. '
even in the rich valleys of the tribu
taries of the Mississippi- But even
now there is a method by which much ,
could be done by way of fertilizing
such meadows if attention were only '
paid to it. Farmers who live near i
towns and cities should draw manure .
from the same. In very many of the j
cities, towns and villages of the West
this commodity could be obtained for
the drawing. If it were piled up and
allowed to heat and were then spread
over meadows, the yields would be
very trreatly increased. The heating
of the manure would have the effect of
destroying the vitality of the major
portion of the weed seeds in the same.
sowing the orchard to some cover crop,
or the plow might be made to run a
little deeper so as to cut off the surface-feeding
roots and root-prune the
Pruning for vegetative or wood
growth is that which has been out
lined for the younir growing tree. Cut
out all dead, broken and deformed
limbs and those which cross or rub
one another. Care should be taken to
keep the tree free frocm suckers, so
that there is a free circulation of air
through the tree, and the sunlizht is
let in sufficiently to give the fruit a
A dairyman that has fed a rood deal
of apple pomace to his milch cows
says that it proved very satisfactory
' as a feed, and that he was able to
i save a large amount of silaire during
the time the pomace was being fed.
It is not long since the chestnut wa3
receiving an undue share of attention,
bu: like many another fad it scan had
its day. Yet there are many places
where the tree can be grown to advan
tage for utilizing waste ground.
There are three kinds of chestnuts
which are cultivated for their fruit.
The American, which is the largest,
the European and the Japanese. The
first needs a space of forty feet or
more. It makes a good shade and is
fairly ornamental. It is slow growing.
Some of the trees at least have partial
ly sterile blossoms. Generally, more
than one tree should be planted if fruit
The European species needs less
room, about thirty feet. The nuts are
large, but not of as good quality as the
American. In Spain and Italy they
form an important article of food. The
trees have been planted to a consider
able extent in this country, but have
not met with expectations.
The Japanese chestnut is smaller,
having a spread of about twenty feet.
The tree is not so easily affected by
disease as the others. The nuts are
large, but of inferior quality. Some
of the lately introduced varieties are
a? good or better than the European.
Japanese chestnuts are noted for early
bearing and productivity.
Both Japanese and European chest
nuts have been extensively advertised.
If early bearing is desired the Japan
ese is to be recommended, but for a
standard tree we prefer the American.
However, the most popular of all is
the Paragon, which belongs to the Eu
"Give to the lordly stetd his equine
Givr to the farmer lar?e rewards for
Render to the milkman all honor due his
Bat bear in mind the cow is master of
II. -. n- - i ; .i
Pastures should also be verv trreatlv i "e "- tjouun pomace ai
n, k r 4, t, ha-ra almost nothing at a cider mill, the
AMVt WU A U4 tww ---, lA( .
a field is to remain for some time in
pastere. the plan would probablv be
reasoaably safe that would spread the
manure thas drawn immediately ever
the pastcres. However, there might
be some kinds of weed seeds in such
manure that would make it unsafe to
spread it thus over th pasture before
it was reduced by fermenting.
The return from such a method of
treating meadows and pastures would
not all be obtained in the extra pro
duction resulting. That return would
continue in crops that were crown on ) Some people Ions: t r lemonade
, . . . And .soi3 for fan dnaks
the sou when it was overturned, ihe t snT7, inr OTri.,m,h rh- -.m
Of sundry wicktHi winks.
i expense being chiefly the work of haul-
insr. He bean feeding to each cow
only 10 pounds per day. but gradually
i increased the amount till each animal
i was receiving 4 pounds. He found
j the pomace to be best when not al
I lowed to ferment, the lermented po
mace causing bloat when not carefully
used. The writer of this note has also
fed pomace and found it very accept
able to the cows.
increase in the humus thus put into
the soil would be favorable to plant
Procress in agriculture is not so
much the result of what a few men of
genius have done as it is the result of
the patient work of thousands of toil
ers, who have ziven to it the skill of
their hands and the best thought of
their minds The farmer of to-day can
be all that these thousands of his fellow-workers
have helped to make him.
But it is only through the reading and
lie study of the literature of his occu
pation that he can realize these possibilities.
OF HORSE BREEDING.
But wh-n tc un i nerce and hisrh.
'Tis then rny fancies turn
To buttermilk 'ti then I sish
For nectar from th rium
Forgotten then are draft.- of wine
That all th ensf clov.
And you your happv soul retzn
To deep drawn breaths of jo
And he who do; not know of this
Has one clad truth to 'e-im
Thar buttermilk L luiuid bliss
When ladled frnrn th churn.
The Iarsre mercantile establishments
in all of the bic cities are replacing
the lighr and middle weight horses
with Heavy drafters and well-matched
teams, each of which weighs from
1.700 to 2.U0D pounds, sound and prop
erly proportioned, will now sell read
ily in the city markets at S600 to
What a lot of guessing is done on
some farms' Yet we are clad to note
that such are growing less, but still
we occasionally find dairymen who
feed, water and salt their cows by
:ruess. knock their cows out of condi
tion, diagnose their ailments and dope
by cuess. says the "Farm." They use
a scoop shovel for a measure, a meas
ure for a scale, and when it comes to
regularity in feeding they use their
inclinations for a timepiece. They
feed their stock Dy feasts and lasts,
and then guess that stock farming
doesn't pay. They use their finger
for a thermometer, and alternately
scald and chill the calves and pigs,
and guess that skim milk is worthless
food. They cut their hay and fodder
by guess, and guess that there is no
nutrient in it. They don't seem to
know nor care to know when or why
or how to do but keep right on sowing,
planting, reaping and feeding by guess,
and as a consequence are kept a guess
ing to maintain an existence antil
Father Time closes the chapter by har
vesting a professional guesser.
09rRr',:f5V V Tlfi r" TvkPMSS
5 B Kr SbZHiM
I fit vi iBBs!
i i tip ' mUFy i
i I . 9! Iff
Styles are always up-to-date.
"Work is guaranteed.
If we haven't it we will order it. We can save business
men money on printed forms; we can get engraved
cards for society people; better styles at lower prices.
Journal Sale Bills bring crowds,
brins business. Trv us.
Journal Letter Heads
Columbus Journal Co.
Prince Eire! Frederick and the
Duchess Sophie Charlotte, whose en
gagement is just announced, are dis
tinguished scions of reigning families
The first named is the second son of
the German Emperor and King of
Prussia. His full name is William Ei
tel Frederick Christian Charles, and
he was born in the Marmor palace,
near Potsdam, on July 7. 1SS3. He is
a lieutenant in the guards and in a
Iandwehr and other regiments. Prince
Eitel wears the decoration of the Or
der of the Annunciation, and he is a
chevalier of the Order of the Black
Eagle. He is one of the popular princes
of Germany, and is held in high esteem
by all classes. The bride to be is the
oldest daughter of the reigning grand
duke of Oldenburg. Frederich August.
She was born at Oldenburg on the 2d
of February, 1S7S. Her mother. Prin
cess Elizabeth of Prussia, died in 1SS5,
and the following year her father mar
rie: Princess Elizaoeth of ilecklin-burc-Schwerin.
The young duchess is
described as being pretty, bright and
amiable, and as bein a great favorite
in grand ducal circles. The house
from which she Is descended has given
! umjz fALNi rAC'l'S
Oil Is tke
2. Tke mmi1 rtjwdlee
tke fact tUmt Boat f tfceai are MfttlTrW wtta
3. All paint is first srrwn m THICK PASTE.
Sfcsea paiBt maser uaea tfintes every sautm f
-iturjom have to take kJa war tor Ha
. Wan yea bay taJy.Tlixea' Patat.ye Bay tke
tt price f or Zkia canned -aU." ar (roam 2 13 to 3
' tke freak, pare raw ail la y
3. Tkere Is a paint wkaae awlrfri STOP,
ptetea; ceateai aruk tke araut oa tke
tkat aay 14 ymr eM key eaa attx this paste
katk beetnt separately free tke leU dealer.
gsilsa for calM. no mere, no less.
yea kave aa absolutely pare liaseed ail
as least 33aA, less thaa aay -Illzk
ksaest price for bock paint and all
ede of its parity and daraaUHy. -
a. Tats paint Is Klaloeh H
une of standard, popalar
patat-tr- tan tke road
reaoy far yea to Cham dona nun
are raw oM.
Simply stir tecetker.
else. and FOtl
t that ki
wase nam; waira m ansae bb a nut
aad DURABLE colors. It Is aot a pateat
old tiawcried anlat msli i Is In rrnaas
tke nan ran- oil.
WHEREVER WE HAVE NO AGENT. YOUR OWN DEALER WILL
aETKINLOCH" FOR YOU. IF SHOWN THIS AO.. 3Y WRITING DIRECT
KJNLOC"-1 A!NT COMPANY. ST. LOUIS. MO.
I I I I I I I I I I i I I I I I I I III II HI I I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I I I 1 I II 111
sovereigns to Denmark, Scandinavia,
and Russia, and is said to be de
scended from "Wittikind. the celebrated
leader of the heathen Saxons against
Charlemagne. Five years ago Duchess
Sophie, whose mother was the elder
sister of the present Duchess of Con
naught, was reported engased to the
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar, but for
some unknown reason the match was
RUSSIAN NAVY CF LITTLE USE. j THE MANUFACTURE OF PAPER
Commenting upon the necessity for
a foundation of good blood in the im
provement of stock, the distinguished
writer. John H. "Wallace, says :
When I commenced to think and
write about the horse fifty years ago,
like all other bezmners of that day I
was wild as a hawk. I was terribly af
flicted with the parrot cry of that age,
that the way to improve the horse or
any other domestic animal was to
""breed up." and I never got clear of
my affliction till I sat down to the
study of great collections of facts. It
did not take me long to learn then
that mere breeding was a delusion and
a humbeg. and that the true way to
breed was to go to the horse that pos
sessed the qualities and could do what
I wanted my colts to possess and do.
"In other words, adopt the simple
formula that "like begets like." In
looking back over the acts of a long
life. I think that if I had done any
thing that may live after me. it is the
promulgation and support of this great
central truth as applied to breeding
horses. It met with much and bitter
opposition for a long time, but it has
now become the law of the land.
SHAPING A TREE.
If the proper work i- done at the
time of planting the Tee :n givimr it
the proper shape by cuttinc out all
superfluous limbs the tree can go for
tsree or four years with but little la--bor.
But so many merely plant out a
tree in the spring and let it so. letting
it form a tcp as "t will. To these we
would say that now is the tim- for
zoin over your trees and cutting out
all small limbs and twigs that indicate
in a year will be large branches and
have to be removed. The mam thing
in any tree is to set bearing surface
o: wood To do this the tree must be
trained from its start into a spre?dins:
shape. - we always oeueve in a low.
open, topped, spreading tree. They
rive entire protection to the trunk,
and have more exposed surxace to the
san for the development of fruit.
the heifer shooM be such as would
tend toward development of frame J
pather than to the laying on of flesh. I
Grass and roots and bulky forage win ;
he of more value than grain or other i
r! zh. concentrated foods. j
This well Savored venerable can be
easily grown if ziven the risht care
and treatment. The following sim
ple method of planting siven by one
of our exchanges is worth of consid
eration. The fall is a good time to begin
preparations for a horseradish bed. A
spot should be selected where the soil
is deep and strong and contains a
fair amount of moisture. At this time
of year the soil should be pulverized
to a depth of two feet or thirty inches.
This is necessary as the root re
quires a good deal of room in which
to develop. Into this soil barnyard
manure should be worked to the
depth of a foot or more. We notice
that some say well-rotted barnyard
manure, but unrotted manure is good
if it does not contain two great a pro
portion of straw The manure is put
in fresh in the fall, it will have be
come largely incorporated with the
soil by spring, when the cuttings of
the horseradish plant are to be put in.
These cuttings should be about
twelve inches long and be placed
eighteen Inches apart.
It is easier to plant fruit trees and
shrubs than it is to give the subs
quent care that is essential to success.
This often causes many to overdo the
nrst step and they plant out many
more than they are able to give the
proper attention to. The outgrowth of
such work is generally discouragement
on the part of the planter. Buy with
moderation and increase your plant
ings according to your ability to give
proper care and attention.
Supply chickens and fowls with
plenty of travel and sand.
Keep the drinking fountains clean
and filled with fresh water.
Do not disregard breeds and keep
anything that is a fowl.
Ducklings should not be allowed to
bathe until they are well feathered.
The feliow in the poultry business
who kncws it all and won't learn
is to be pitied.
It is a mistake to feed only com
and wheat to fowls, omitting foods
which supply albumen for eggs.
Because we have seen neglected
and despised clumps of these dull and
poor colors with narrow and ragged
petals in scores of gardens is no rea
son why this family of beautiful her
bacious plants should not have a
-ro-inent place on every home
We have just been out among our
phlox, a collection embracing some
thirty of the best named varieties of
recent introduction, and a more gor
geous exhibit of color and freshress
of foliage can be found in no other
family of flowering plants at this time
cf the year. The best varieties are
those of the phlox decussata and the
pancalata hybrids. They are mostly
of French origin, hence we will not
give the names, but will say that our
readers ought to know more of this
family. The Pearl and Miss McGrey
are two of the best whites, Wallace
the best carmine, and in pinks and
reds and crimson there are many
varieties that are all zood.
Country Could Use Monsy in Mere
A distinguished Englishman made a
remark some days ago that the states
men of Russia might seriously consid
er. It was that Poland is likely to
sive her masters serious trouble, and
he intimated that Germany was a par
ty in interest. The socialists of the
German empire are a formidable po
litical party who give the government
creat concern. Poland has their sym
pathy in her longing for liberty and
socialistic ideas have taken strong
hold on Poland, in which there are
immense communities of artisans.
Russia will require all the money it
is proposed to put in a navy to nay
the expense of reform in Poland, in
Finland and at the south. It would
take ages for Russia to create a navy
that England or Japan would not sink
during the firs: six months of war
if it ventured to sea. A sailor is not
made in a generation or two genera
tions. Nelson and Decatur were
sprung from ancestors who sailed the
seas before the time of Alfred the
Great. The race that produced Togo
were barbarian fishermen before the
time of Barbarossa. Washington
Different Materials Called For in the t
Various Grades. '
William R. Stewart, in his article '
on "Paper and Its Manufacture," in i
the Technical World Magazine, de- !
scribes the process brieny as follows:
"In its broad outline the process of
paper-making may be described as I
collecting the raw material (pulp),
whether made from wood, rags, or
other substances, diluting with water,
forming a sheet on a porous surface,
so that the water may drain off. and
drying the sheet of paper thus formed.
Different materials are used for the
pulp being now used in the manufac
ture of nearly all the fine paper, straw
and manila m making wrapping pa
pers, etc. But a large amount of pa
per is given Its distinctive character
after it leaves the paper mill by sur
race coatings with various substances.
Without Change of Cars
UNION PACIFIC R. R.
Chicago- Milwaukee & St. Paul
For Time Tables rnd Special Rates see Union Pacific
Agent, or write
F. A. NASH, 6m'I Western Agtii, 1524 Fama St.
We have found out by experience
the past season that there are cer
tain bulbs that must not have raw
manure worked in the soil during the
season that you expect bloom. My
gladiolas and lilies are injured this
season by too liberal use of barnyard
manure. While on hyacinths, tulips.
i and the ordinary herbaceous plants it
is quite an advantage, making strong
er growth and mvins out larcrer bloom.
Record-Sreakinc Business Year.
The year 1305 s-ands out as a rec
ord breaker "a year of superlatives
in the business wjrld." as Dun puts j
it. Prices of the sixty most active
railway securities have reached the
of pig iron in the first half of 1505
not only far surpassed any preceding
six months' production, but exceeded
every full year prior to 1S9j; prices
of hides are at the highest position
since the civil war; wool quotations
have not been as strong since the
early 'SOs; shipments of footwear
from Boston are close to the maxi
mum, and including all shoe centers
the movement this year is beyond
precedent. Foreign commerce in July
surpassed the corresponding month
in, any previous year. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Grandson of Robert Burns.
Robert Burns Thompson, a grandson
of the great Scottish poet, is a hale
and hearty octogenarian, living in a
suburb cf Glasgow. His mother was a
iau?hter of Robert Burns by Anne
Hyslop of the Globe tavern in Dum
fries. In the days of his young man
hood Thompson was the counterfeit
presentment of him whose name he '
aears. Also he has the same pithy
humor, which was a distinguishing
characteristic of his noted grandsire, i
combined with a taste for poetry and
music and a characteristic sense of
manly independence. '
Track Railway be-,
twesn the Missouri
River and Chicago
Fast daily train service via the Chicago. Union
Pacific 8c North -Western Line from points in
Farmers should encourage th estab
lishment cf canning factories iear at
hand, even if they hav4? to invest some
what in the stock in order to get them
started. There is profit in gr.viiig
fruit and vegetables when there is a
market close at hand. Co-operative es
tablishments, owned by the men who
are to grow the products, should pay
well if nroperly managed.
Get well acquainted with your hog,
so that you can handle them easily
make pets of them anything to culti
vate a quiet disposition. They wij
take on flesh more rapidly than they
will if wild.
Remove suckers from the trees and
stools from the vineyard.
DECLINE OF PEAR GROWING.
That the culture cf the Kieffer pear
has assnmed such proportions indi
cates that our older orchards or better
kinds are in a decline. Another evi
dence that the culture of our finer
varieties has fallen behind is the fact
that California fruit is held in. snei
favor in ocr markets.
Pins cf Ancient Times.
Women in ancient times must have
had a great deal of trouble to keep
their hair in place, the only hairpins
they inew being long spikes with big
heads, resembling modern hatpins.
They were well acquainted, however,
with safety pins. The ladies cf im
perial Rome used safety pins, some
of which were large and masisve, at
taining a length of a foot, and weigh
ing a pound or more; but these pins
were made on exactly the same prin
ciple as the safety pins of to-day, with
the same kind of catch.
Found Prayer Effective.
Mrs. John Cade cf Leavenworth
orchard. Last spring her neighbors
sprayed their peach trees as usual,
but while they sprayed. Mrs. Cade
prayed. Godly people in the neigh
borhood at least those who do not
own peach orchards are greatly en
couraged by the fact that the prayers
seem to have been more effective
than the sprayers, for Mrs. Cade
raised a fine crop of peaches, while
those of her neighbors were almost
complete failures. Chicago Chronicle.
Lcng Legal Fight Over Nothing.
Four years ago William Rockefel
ler, the Standard Oil magnate, began
an action at law against an old army
veteran named Lamore for trespass
on the magnificent Rockefeller estate
a: Malcne, X- Y. The jury returned a
verdict in favor of Mr. Rockefeller
and awarded hTr is cents damages.
Lamore's attorney appealed the case.
It has taken a dozen turns, but it is
still in the courts. Rockefeller is try
ing to get his IS cents and Lamore is
trying to keep from paying it.
Chicago and East
Six trains a day Omaha to Chicago, without
change. Two trains daily between Omaha and
it. Paul and Minneapolis.
Ghe Best of Everything
. For rues, tides and fait lefcraacon acciv
r. . .. . -
vo asrrts umen ficsc K, H. or acsrsss
J. ft. Cm. tat im. Fntttari Wr.
Oricign &. Ncrth-Westara Ry.
Making His Mind Easy.
Father Healy. coolest of men in ordi
nary circumstances, was reduced al
most to collapse from apprehension
j one night when, returning from a ban
quet at Dublin castle, his tram whirl
ed, recking wildly, through several
stations at which it should have
stopped. An old woman looked u
from the corner and said with pride
and satisfaction. "Make you moind '
nisy, yer rivrence. It's my son Jim
who's dthrivin to-night, an whin he's
a dthrop in him he'd as soon dash on
to Wicklow as nit."
Dr. Johnson's "Ink Throwing.
Canon Xicholl used to tell how some
fifty years ago he had visited the fam
ous house of the Thrales in that sub
urb of London where Dr. Johnson was
at home. "Johnson." said the canon.
in recalling the visit, had occupied
two rooms and these were left as he
last used them. The sight was an ex
traordinary one, for ink was splashed
all over the fioor and even on the
walls. It 'was one o" the doctor's
habits to lip his pes is ink and thei
Kansas Southern Railway
"Stmgkt as the Crew FHw
KANSAS CITY TO THE GULF
PASSING THROUGH A GREATER DIVERSITY OF
CLIMATE, SOIL AND RESOURCE THAN ANY OTHER
RAILWAY IN THE WORLD. FOR ITS LENGTH
Along its lin srs the finest lands, rsitedfor grow tag rrr.itP. rrxlz. ear.
eottos: for eassercul apple &adpeacaorcliri. for other Irsita xzi Iser-
rtes ; Tor cosserdal csstalocpe. potato, tomato aad aial truct farau ;
for ssgar cane asdriee col ttrattos; for zerchaatable tlsber; fur railing
horse, aalea, cattle, ices, sheep, poultry aad Aagors gsata.
Write fer lafaraaiia Caaetralnf
FREE GOVERNMENT HOMESTEADS
a Cateftr Locations. Iifrav4 Farm, 'traf Lanfe. Rica Lmntfs aa TtafMr
Laaas, aad far caaiw of "Corranl Eiants." asinau OapartMitiai.
Ilea ftaak K. C S. Fruit lea.
Cheap rocad-ci? horiaaeekara' ttsteta oc tale irsS aad third Tuesdays at
each saa th.
TH SHOfTT UHE TO
"THE LAND OF FULnLLMCNT"
Powered by Open ONI