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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1905)
THE NEWS IN
AS TO STOCKMEN'S PASSES
The Court Adheres to
The pnreae court has adhered to
its forcer judgment in the case of the
C. B.Jz Q. R. R. company against, A a2d b3T tfBb Ls to c
Davji C Troyer. error irom Hamilton j zzralzed at Glenover. Gage county
fnty. Judge Barnes , Ubkx ; anty clerk of Coifax
Trover while traveling en a stockl.. ... -,, , , .
IT" .. ,,-,-,! .-,,1 -.-- hss collarbone broken by a tor-.
li l ..uii..-vi. t .v..t ...
iuries. In the lower court jud:
- --r -ri-ist the railroad- The!
supreme" court holds that under the ' e55-0--- Strict will meet in lin
evidence the question of the alleged Jnne 15-
negligence of the company was a mat-
tPr for rs court to cetermine ana tne
evidence is sumcient to -warrant a -
finding that the defendant company;
Bras guilty of actionable negligence1
which was the approximate cause of
.,. z, -..,1.,;., f T-V. ,v.rn-T .
ir ijA vj. j . . . i . ; :. w. j. at iut w
says that it cannot be said as a mat
ter of law that the plaintiff was guilty
of contributory negligence so as to
preclude a recovery. The court holds
that a Tierson while traveling on a
freiuht train on a stock shipper's pass i
for the trarrose of attendine to the
Ht- cirk v?in- shinrred sustains tne
reiation of the carrier of p3ssenge:
but in a restricted modified sense.
. . JT5i ,. ,,-ait-i- !
such a person while so traveling as-
.v ,.-,- 5 x-o-,?: i
fUItltrs mzn . ise diiu iii.uu"-n-i. i
as necessarily attend upon carins: fo:
SKch stock and such as are inciden
to the means and methods employed .
by the eomnaay in the operation of its
Jnds Barnes dissentinc says that
tne piainuns nrni w retxitr uspu;
. . -. . i. j i
Mnw.MA T.ll-if Tirn Tha
1 . . . " . ..j.'club has decided not to have a came
port of the company and as he reads :
the record finds no such negligence is ,
sowa. The plaintiff was walking in,
J ' ,. . j
order to reach the caboose at th end ,
of a freight train and wss struck by,
a switch enzme on an adjarent tar-k i
Jedcp Barnes says the fact was clear
v.. .-x: r rt t-iirA HrTLU2n
y ssviuiA'iirvi w& iut .fc. w..-. j
ac n Al -n.lA.-A a l-nTTiF '
IBS UiiTJBU liAl-as JC.c u;f j)-- I ,
was walking wa wide enouzh for nis :
afe passaje if he had exercised or-J
BAXER MUST KAKG.
Little Hope Remains fcr Man Ccrt
victed cf a Double Murder.
LINCOLN Tfa- supreme court has;of j fee,
overruled the as'tra for a rehearmsj A s:M.cia! tr2ili left 5li310n reCent
Sled by the attorneys for Frank Bar-)!T f)r Chicac3 with twentv-six cars
Iter, the Whsrer county double mur- of ..Je. The train load was made
der-er. Tae forty-day limit in which I np of clxlle lhzl h2d hee fed for a
t&e motion could have been fill ex-! ,OEg ti,e aad m bri:,g a cod pTice
pired Tuesday Counsel for Barker h ;sra5 estimated that there were 540,
SBbzaiued an application for leave to Cfv0 -OTth of. c-je on the train.
me a motion for rehearing The court The eecujj-e committee of the Be
aBowed the application to be filed, but , a:rice volunteer fire department held
overruled k as intending to delav the a j-j.g to T-ajje arrangements for
carrying out of the former decision. j liie j-op- observance of firemen's
Since being confined in an isolated z,ezLCrizi tjaVi which occurs on Sun
ceH Barker has become gloomy and dzJ Ju:ie Committees were ap
is a trifie despondent. June lo is tne pojj,. lo complete final arranne
date of the execution and the hanginc aeats fo tne 5ervfC5i -srhich are to
will take place between the hours of , held 5re department halL
II a. m. and 3 pm. j County Superintendent B. F Will cf
" Johnson county has reason to feel
MAN AND "WOMAN HAVE GONE , pr0ud of the report he has made so
the office of the state geologist. He
Frank Har.sccrr. ar.d Mrs. Ortrnan j, received very comriimentary Iet-
Crer.te a Scandal. ters from both Prof. E H. Barbour
BEATRICE Sheriff Trude and his a Tjr. g. E. Condra of that depart-
deputies 3re scouring the country for ment. in which they say his record is
Prank Haascom and Mrs. Etta On- fry fr -ne best that has reached
pran -arbo. it is allcel. have eloped.
3otii are inarred and have families re
siding north of thJ. ci. Mrs. Ortman
came to the city an I soon after Han
sard arrived. Neither returned home
83d no trace could be found of them,
Tbe sheriff i sending out cards jand 5i50:: Sunday. May 25. and William
offering a reward fr their arrest. his v. Allen -w:ii deliver the memorial ad
is the same couple that scandalized GreS5 at 2 p. m. There will be no
the neighborhood in a sfmilar man- 3p0rts of any kind indulged in on Me
tier about a y-ar aco when they dis- m0rial day at Stanton,
appeared, anally cominr br.ck and re-i George. Fahnstein. formerly of
suming relations with their families. piattsmouth, was one cf the Snyder
MOkLi storm victims. He was killed
5iq Cattle SHzment. I by being crushed under the debns -
STANTON A special train load of a hotel buildins where he had been
Jat cattle, cons.stinc of twenty-six ! boarding. Fahnstein. who was about
cars, owned by Louis Smithberuer. Ed . 25 years of acre, was one of the expert
Zibaer and Horton Chace. left here bridge builders sent o Piattsmouth
for the Chicago market.
Given Three-Year Sentence.
vivvn.iri xi.v.- Word has been received frcm 5a
plesded guilty to grand larceny in ' vannah. Mo that William Jones, the
district court and was sentenced to,j.or5e bo - arrested in Otoe
the penitentiary for three years. 3e-, co,,- 3 se::t iq Cass county for
toix is the party who several weeks ,or5e Stealin: and afterwards taken
n?o entered the residence of Rev.
Mx. Tainter at Lon Pine and pur-!
Joined therefrom clothing and S27 in
Large Catalca Grcve.
AUBURN Wallrich Ubben of this
city has been highly complimented by
the bureau of forestry department of.
the national gDvemmnt. Last wetk
he received a communication from ,
Frank G. Miller, first assistant Wash-
ington. asking for information con
cerning the catalpa :rrove on Mr. Ub-
-aT' far-" south 01 town, inis !S
one of tbe largest artificial groves in
xhe coantry and last year was inspect
ed by a c -rps of government official?
-who measured the trees and collected
inSBrmaiion concerning their growth.
Gift to Dcane College.
CRETE Doase's students and fac-
Ity members are rejoicmc: over the
receipt of a 5lo.x ift to the college,
Public announcement of the gift of
that sum by James Whitcomb of Wor-
xa- -vr-: -m -mf.a tt-?t!- t"i
se band concert on the
cam-jes and was receivec witn cneers. ,
ceUege yells and a general jubilation,
Tke gift came as a result of the solic-
of President Pen
who is at
present in the east. It is to be used ,
in the erection and equipment o:
Former Secretary of State Porter i
mast repay the state SS23 collected by
"him as fees for recording brands cur- j
ing his term of ofiice. according to
of the supreme court amrm-bi
ing the judgment of the district court
of Lancaster county. The court ad-'
heres to a fcrmer decision in which
.-.- ... . f.;. w.k. , ic
iconstitutional as adding;
to the emoluments of ontce. Ia the t the. new- company, which has an au
former trial the case was reversed j thorized capital stock of $50,000. is
because judgment included the bonds- j to build, own and control telephone
men. acainst whom there was no cause i lines in Sherman and surrounding
a farmer of
Rock Island t Pacific Railway com
pany in the United States circuit court
for 53.000 damages sustained to his
premises by Hoods occasionec by an
embankment built hy the road.
It is reported amonff state officials
on the authority of a federal official
close to the Union Pacific nanage
xaent that the governor has forwarded
an- ultimatum to the Buriingtoc and
Union Pacific that the taxes must be
paid or a special session cf the legis
lature arffl be suxn-aosed to deal -villi
tae rate jrobIem.
A franchise has been granted at
York for a gas plant.
Another new rural mail route i
been started oat from Palmyra.
't of hoia fper-
The democrats cf the First can
.sirs. 3iarr vmcent cr lorn ciea in
rMTTP" Trhoro cha rr hon ifYT
K-ri T. -
abont ' months, hoping to benefit
"William Neal. a laborer ar the Peru
brickyard, got his left hand in the
- " -"" i"- itr .ITS.. iU
T? .....3 t. .1. . ... .-...
tae wouno was aresseu Dy urs. rir
child and Shelhorn.
The Commercial club of York is
busy just now to secure attractions
for a Chautauqua. There seems to
"; - "- -----.'--" uu c
u - . , ..- . .-- ,
- - --" - - -"---
Granville Smith of Beatrice has in-
stituted suit in the district court for
damages in the sum of $5,0o0 against
Louis Walther, a merchant of
ziore, for false imprisonment.
i me esorts of tie resiectaDle ele
ment of Homer to rid themselves cf
the disgrace incident to drunken In-
dians and snuaws has resulted in no
saloon license being issued in that
place for the coming year.
1 7hnnli the la-n- fi nnr niu-srirp fn"
" ca- u""u 1-'l-IU Ull::,r uu"
o: ball on Memorial day. it interfering
with the hours durinc which memo-
, . :,, T r;. T
rial services will be held at the opera
Members of the Southeastern Fruit
: Growers association are conte:
The ing a big crop of small fruit.
I oecft3Ttni hoc ij3T- fa irtn
ent of 120,000 strawberry boxes and
5 00j crates for the berry supply this
Bob Moore, the young colored man
who had his risht foot cut off above
the ankle a few weeks ago. surprised
his friends bv riding ii the streets
j at Humboldt on his bicycle with as
much ease as he did when possessed
Memorial day will be celebrated in
Stanton this year fcy the Grand Army
j of the Republic, assisted by all the
fraternal orders. The me
q;, -arfjl be preached b
.rom Illinois a: the time the Burlins-
ton reconstructed its
bridge at that ro:nt.
to Lancaster county en the same
charge, and in bo;h cases was sen
tenced to the Nebraska penitentiary
for a term of one year each, has just
been sentenced to two years in the
Missouri penitentiary for stealing a
Land Commissioner Eaton, who has
returned from a land-leasing tri) ic
Tavlor and 3urwe"L says that the
school land in that region is all in
cood demand at constantly improving
rates. He says tha there are in
quiries for all western land, even that
in the san hills. With the spread
of irrigation, the introduction of new
forage plants, and better methods cf
cultivation, the commissioner believes
that the sand hill region will make j
' qreat strides.
: While plowing on his farm ia Sar- ,
jpy county the team of Hen-y Fricke j
j stepped into a hole. Upon investiga- ',
. tion Mr. Fricke found it to be a coy- f
ote's den and in it were fourteen ,
. rooar ones. He brousrht them to the '
county clerk's office and received Si-. '
. o:-,.-; ir'in iinh T."-r?-,-ij
-vrho is erecting a large residence,
-talked into a room ne sunuosed was i
fioored. stepped on a piece of tarred
paper -and fell through to the cellar.
he pap having been placed over an
iei. a !
broken rib. and it is feared internal
I Earl Beery, a young man of Hum- ;
bc4dt will leave in a couple cf weeks
for Seattle Wash, where he has been
given a position as assistant electri-
ciau on board the new battleship Ne-
The Sherman County Telephone
company of Loup City has filed arti
i.ic2 -o. u.u.j.atiuu i i fc ui.TT Uti i
the secretary of state. The object of I
Mrs. J. H. Hickscm cf Plattstncuth
was called to Palmer bj a telegram
reporting that her brother, Joseph R.
Carrisan. had been killed by an en
gine at that place. Mr. Carrisan was
a former resident of Piattsmouth and
was one of the eldest employes of the
Fire, which started from embers
tfcro-a too dose to a barnyard, com
municated -with stacks and buildings
at the farm of Sirs. Frank Hodapp,
south of Hcmbcldt, and. before it vas
checked by neighbors, destroyed con
siderable property, inrhirtmg bars,
granaries, grain, sheds, etc
! SCENE OF RECENT FATAL WRECK Otf
j PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD
VIEW OF RAILROAD TfiACKS AIOMG THE BANKS OF THE S3SQ0EHANNA flBSJ'jfljB
namite (shown by th
tne risht is a picture
tor Kncx cf Pennsylvania, who
r.sar Harrissurg. Pa occurred. The express tram, whicn vw2s wrecked. '-'vE ' jil
is seen apprcachir.g frcm the west. At the point where the circle ap- scs BfesL! -Ik "'
pears tr.e express. "wr.tch was rushing along at full speed, hit trri wreck- rli '?
ace of twe box cars which r.ad been tnrewn acrcss tne main line. "I..
V2S r.Ul UUUH -i- - -. - ww . i... ww ! w- ip itei wj
Twentv persons were killed and more tnan 100 injure:
MAY LEAVE SUPREME EENCH.
Justice John M. Harlan Said to 3e ,
Contemplating Retirement. j
Justice John M. Harlan is reported !
to be en the point of retiring from j
the United States supreme court and
to devote his time and energies to es- j
tablishing a great Presbyterian t
church in the city of Washington. :
Justice Harlan has been on the su-
preme bench for twenty-eight years.
When questioned upon his intentions j
he announced that he was not pre- i
pared to say that he would leave the
bench for the purpose of devoting
himself to the movement, but he ad
mitted that much would depend upon
the action of the general assemb'.v. '
The early work of raising funds would
involve a great amount of work in
the way of correspondence. If re
guested to do so he wou!-d be willing '.
to share a part of this burden. Lead
ing Presbyterians in Washington
think his interest in the cathedral is
..i, . .-T- riiTi fm the
bench and if the matter is taken up
by the assembly there is strong prob
ability that he will be asked to direct
the movement. Chicago Chronicle.
Value cf the College.
President Hadley of Yale has been
explaininz on numerous recent occa
sions that a course at college is vain- ,
.! .. T il r- arrciT?-T c TnP L-- .
sociations into which it brings the
ients, and not solely, or primarily,
on account of
room work, the
text books, the formal instructions,
For men rarely retain and more rare-
iv no te scholastic information ob- ,
tained in college classrooms. What is
needed for general use is now taught
earlier, and. on the whole, better, in
the public high schools. College in
formation, so to speak, has decided
vaue only when it helps the stucent
with a chosen specialty. The mental
education which really counts is ob
tained outside the classrcom and by
dint of the student's own enterprise.
- - - .
Large Estate a Surprise.
The first statement of the executors
of the wil
:he late Henry W. Oli-
ver of Pittsburg proved somewnat of
a surprise, as the estate is now esti
mated at between $4y.'X." and
S5yH.000. while fifteen years pre
vious to his death Mr. Oliver was a
bankrupt. He built his immense for
tune principally through a lucky strike
in the Mesaha ore range later. The
statement of personal property shows
the executors credit themselves with
S1S.432.S72. and have a balance on
hand of S14.253.S1S.61. It is likely
the real estate will run the total np
to about 5).Cv. M0
Some interestin-r information re-
gardiug the causes of London's fires
lijutu ii.tr ia . .' vii jil- i
rials of the London fire brigade. The
!no n? 3h7 i th ? fT o fire? wh!ch
t vear were unknown.
Among tne reason-, o: uie ontszi .
werei Lignts thrown down. 24; ,
parks frcm nre grates. 302: escapes .
of gas, I4s: see-ong tor an escape
I . ..3 , r i.t- . .
OI as. ' cniiuren piamg ilu nre, ;
J-l iatnps upset or expiocmg, i.i: i
I accicents witn cancies, -is; ioui :
Get Fine Haul cf Fcxes.
Jcseph Cope, who lives in Scott ;
Crr-r!- -i r5-T-"o- T.-l-i:"rT"il Crrr- i
saw tnree young faxes enter a burrow
in the weds near his house. Upon '
U. l.li UlU L-Z U..Ur il C
rnnr-r? a -icr in -srhich -5rprP ttj voir-i-
foxes about half grown. All of them
ere captured alive. In the nest were
a number of chicken bones, a partly
devoured chicken and a woodchuck.
Mr. Cope returned to the burrow later
and captured one mere
eleven in alL
Effects of Rarefied Air.
Recent travelers in Thibet have no
ticed that while effects of the rarefied intends to present a handsom. foun
air are severely felt at altitudes of be- j tain to the city of Calcutta as a mark
tween 14,000 and 15.000 feet, on going
yet higher all disagreeable sensations
Senator Admitted to the Bar.
United States" Senator Clark of
Wycmmng. prospectrre chairman, of
tbe senate committee on the judi
ciary, has been admitted to practice
in the supreme coart of the United
nfic explosions fcllowec. On
:x Tir.cell, daughter cf Sena
r.i tr r-
persons iniured in tne
ONE OF AFRICA-S SIGHTS.
Marvelous Seauty Seen in Crossing Sir John Tenniel Retires After Sixty
Bridge Over Victoria Falls. j Years cf Service.
It was a gift of the immagination i Sir John Tenniel has just passed
which mace Cecil Rhodes say: "3uild j his eighty-fifth birthday. After draw
the bridge across the Victoria falls ' for Punch for half a century, with
where the trains as they pass will , hardly a week's intermission. Sir John
catch the spray from the falling Zam- j retired in the unobtrusive manner
besL" It was always so with him. j which is characteristic of the man
He visualized and spiritualized his ' and the cartoons have no longer the
work, strange as this suggestion may j familiar monogram , "J. T." which,
seem to those who looked upon him as ' week after week appeared on them
a materialist and as a great adventur
er. He was nearer the soul of things
than the world knew, felt the forces
that are the elemental impulses cf the
first life stirring round him. It was
no: givn to him to travel up the
wide, wild tropical valley from 3ula-
wayo to Victoria falls and see the
greatest water wonder of the world;
, ne ciea before ce could accomp
the journey, or fit it in with a too
strenuous life. But a railway takes
you to the banks of the deep, tortuous
stream, and. looking out from the
hotel veranda, you can see the rolling
' curtain of vapor rising, spreading.
' thickening, feeing away. You can
1 see the great supports of the bridge
jutting out from their bases hewn the world of art. It is said that Ten
from the solid rock, and the cage niel originated few of the subjects of
which carries tons of iron and steel J his famous cartoons. But he had tne
for the railway riding along the 3!on- j rare gift of translating and improving
din wire from side to side, a journey
exciting for the eager
- -. .
rrr Tr it-"el? m rK?
v " w. v kt
ant not to tase tnis merit across
the chasm is to miss one o: tne sights
of south Africa. Below you speeds
with terrible swiftness the Zambesi '
40 feet below; on one sice the wide 1 he -vas in command of the Olga. which
1 tropical land, and the stream appar- I a5 iving anchored in northern wat
i ently closing in a cul-de-sac; on the I er5. His highness gave an order that
other, the northern end of the falls. ! ajj hands were to bathe. The weather
( over which the water plunges, breaks, j an( e -ater being cold, seme ce
1 spreads itself in spray, and is lost in t j- -zs cade. Without a word
j a mist over the cauidron below. Here ! prizce Henry, who was on the bridge.
. hang long clusters of flowers on the j sprann into the sea and swam around
j arown and green ledges of the sides to -ve ladder at the stem, climbed on
of the gorge, bngfit-nuec birds sing 1
in the leafy coverts on the lofty banks, j
the dull rear is a music which stirs
the senses, and even as you hang
over the vas: abyss you feel the vibra
tion which shakes the earth and adds
mystery to majesty.
My first glimpse of the fails was by
moonlight, and the lovely white reek
ing splendor of the thing the rolling
clouds of spray, the sombre rain ror-
est on the bank opposite the falls, the j
stream of the Aamoesi snimmenng ,
tar aaove. tne tremonng eartn. -.ae .
smell of tne tropic wood, a lunar rain
bow stealing over the clouds cf spray,
all made a nicture for a lifetime o:
memory: the mind took en a feelinn t
for "the glory of the Lord." Gilbert t
Barker in London Mail. f
Mav Get Eccy Aft
i nere is a prooaouuy mat tne dog.. .
. ...... , .. . - i
of Lord r rands Pcugias will he de- ,
i.. ... t- .- ..-.-- -
summer. Douglas lest Lie life forty
vears aco during the first ascent of
the Matterfcom. Despite a prolonged
search no trace cf the body has been
foune. ircnng cnoe iO.... .ea uie
giacier nas oen aecenci, re-ruia.-
iy. anc scarui- oj ..u i-. .-r ,
.-, .v.. ;-H dl c in' !
iu.. --- -c xiu. .-. w ,
reacn uie tbucjis i..,
u; bs u; i Keii-rv. :i j
To V.arr. fcr S1.CG0.
A strange agreement has been ad- j
to recorc nere in tne omce oi
the clerk of the County court- (
By its terms. Miss Gertrude Low- j
tier of Ritcme county acrees to marry i
w.w . .. - . . j
Is. W. iiarcen of Catawna. . a ana
s5- ,:- -.-if TTTTit n acTi
when she is to receive Si.000 from his
estate. Harden is 52 years old and
is a rich widower. 3Iiss Lowther is
j 2S years old. The marriage license
nas neen grantee airmon
spondence Baltimore Sun.
Lady Curzon's Gift to Calcutta.
Lady Curzon. wife of the viceroy,
cf her gratitude for the notable wel
come accorded her on returning to
India after her long illness in. Eng
land. Brutality in Gentian Army.
Ia a debate in the German Reich
stag General Ton tttptt-, minister of
war, admitted that brutality in the
army -vas "the most repulsive canker"
in that crxanizatioa.
LONG AND BRILLIANT CAREER.
with a regularity unparalleled in the
world of art. It is sixty years since
Tenniel's first work was published and
forty-four years since his first draw
ing appeared in Punch. For the last
forty years and more he hardly ever
failed to do the weekly cartoon. He
' once wen, with a colleague for about
a month's rest to Venice and some
times he had a little hunting in Lei
ce.tershire, hut regular holiday he had
not. It is a s:range commentary on
his undoubted reputation that the
Royal Academy passed him over. He
was a member of tne Royal Institute
of Painters in Water Colors, but hard-
y another distinction
; hoed, commemorated
bs position in
anv ideas which his colleagues at the
' Punch table suggested. He used to
I .1 :-. .... v A .Tr
i;. ci ii.tn:. u.i u;c wu uuv.a-
Prince Henry a Born Leader.
Many stories are told of the hardi
hood and valor of Prince Henry of
Germany. It was not so long ago that
board acain and asked the officers if
-nv still thounht it was too cold.
There was naturally no reply and the
rder was promptly carried cut-
Woman Would Wear Trousers.
Gov. Herrick of Ohio a few cays ago
received from "Miss L. Neal" of Bed
ford a request for a permit to don
men's wearing apparel The woman
savs she works on a farm and that
115 interfere with her usefulness.
i r:ne wants to know if tne covemor
., rot ve ver
permission to get
into trousers. At present
quest can not be granted, hut the let
ter was referred to the attorney gen
eral with the suggestion that perhaps
he wo-ic recommenc an amendment
to the la-
to suit such a case.
Dowry Through Temperance.
A marriage recently celebrated at
Glasgow has a curious story attached
to it. The bride's father and mother,
who have been abstainers for over
twenty years, gave as a marriage
cowry to their daughter the sum cf
120. Every week since they became
totaI abstainers the amount formerly
pe-r - alcoholic liquor was banked
.-or tie livla e b caused her
parents to take
the- oled-re. The little
lu- iXK..- j -i h2d e6- ver atjjr slightly in
prese. .a-j phj--,- ,,- rov h1r f ir .v.
Dauchter cf Diaz Is Popular.
Mrs. Amada Diaz De La Torre,
the oldest daughter or President Diaz,
is one of the most graceful figures in
the nigh society of the capital She is
the wife of Congressman Ignacio De
La Torre, a wealthy hacendado. At
their town house they often dispense
elegant and truly cosmopolitan hospi
tality. While their home
ous and palatial both Mr. and Mrs De
La Torre possesses the simplicity and
unpretentionsness of the highest
Youths Attack Actor Villain.
An actor named Catela. who plays
a villain's part in a Paris theater, mur
dered a woman in the way of business
tie other night, and cn his way home
Lfrom. the theater was attacked ?(
stabbed -by four youths who had wit
nessed his atrocious deed from the
gallery. He was not seriously hurt,
hut had to be taken to a hospital.
Tokk is a few degrees colder t
London is January, and IS degree-
wanner in July.
Tells of Horrors of the
TVeil may tie inhabitants of St.
Petersburg shudder as they glance
beyond the Neva, at the dark fortress
when each hour the north wind brings
across the river th,e discordant sound
o: its melancnojy bells, says a writer
in the St. James Gazette. Melan
choly, indeed, for nothing but mem
ories cf suffering and oppression sit
upon its granite walls. Here Peter
I. tortured and mutilated his enemies.
Here he slew his own son. Alexis, and
to this dungeon during the disgraceful
reign of the empresses, ompipotent fa
Torites consigned aspiring rivals. And
since then whole generations of men
and women, for no other crime than
love of their oppressed country, have
entered these gates, often to leave
them no more.
The horors perpetrated with in the
fortresses of St. Peter and St. Paul
and the Schueselberg are typical of
the prison system all ever the Rus-
sian empire, and in spite of official ef -
forts to suppress the fatrb it has
oen possioie to obtain the truth, both
from former officials and from those
who have suffered.
A special refinement of the Russian
prison system in the case of political
prisoners and suspects, who are not
given a short shrift en the clacis or
the gallows, is continued solitary con -
nnement until, as in the case of that
splendid intellectual reformer. Dmitri
Pissareff. they can be reported as
"harmless." Some prisoners here were
relieved of their senses quite gently
and almost politely. They were shut
up in comfortable cells well lit with
electric light, and for metal pabu
lum, they were supplied with only re
ligious and technical works. When in
sanity or suicide supervened, the ap
pointed end had been secured.
Horrors cf Dark Cells.
But the doom of others presents
even greater features of horror. Im
agine a dark, damp cell, measuring
about ten by six beneath the level of
the surrounding waters, in which the
chained man or woman is condemned
to lie in absolute idleness studiously
isolated from any intercourse with
human beings. There is no bed. no
sort of pillow, nothing wtever to
PATH OF DESTRUCTIVE OKLAHOMA CYCLONE. AND TYPES
OF BUILDINGS IN WRECKED TOWN OF SNYDER.
w----w"Wyi""Ju'-r-rj-vj,fi - n m t 'n. i flaj Naa
-wpw S I fc" T m -fc- fc
cover the body hut the prisoner's gray
cloak. The amount allowed for food
is five farthings a day. which provides
bread and water, and three times a
week a small howl of warm soup.
For ten minutes every second day the
miserable wretch is allowed to see the
light and breathe the air in the prison
For the rest intolerable loneliness,
absolute silence, occupation of not the
smallest kind, no hooks, no writing
materials, no instruments or manual
'abcr. Madness comes to such grad- .
sally with the passing years, not as
'.t came to an unhappy young lady, a
using pamter. who received such '
treatment at the hands of the brutish
orison police that she lost her reason
nstantly. In the majority of cases the
mind rets gradually in the enfeebling '
oody. Suicide and madness are the
two great weapons in which Russian
autocracy puts its trust.
Frequently, says one who has been
a prisoner in one of these Russian i
hells, some pcor wretches will make a ;
feeble attempt upon a warder in the i
cope of at last being brought to triaL '
Shooting or hanging has been their
Terrible Execution Scene.
The scenes o' suffering witnessed
it the slow sanging, occupying at least
:alf an hour, have been terrible. With-
ji the courtyard of the prison is a J
tand hoist for lowering ropes depend-
ng over a gnllo-s. To these the vie-'
in are attached and then slowly ele-
rated into midair to struggle and gasp j
ill death relieves them from their i
igony. Should the governor or super- j
or present be desirous of getting
"hrough the business speedily, a ward- '
;r is ordered to seize the suspended
victim's feet and hang on, swinging '
3ackward aid forward.
Cn previous occasions when there ,
tas been a Large number of political
offenders insubordination has been d
Milk Cans Eecorr.e Lifebuoys.
A farmer's wife, who had been to
laudipsil. Cardiganshire, to sell milk
tad a singular escape from drowning
x-hiZe returning to Carmarthen.
A smal boat in which she was cross
z.z a river was upset and she was
j-.rown into the water.
Fortunately she had with her wo
nilk cans, now empty, and securely
ilosed. and ztsse acted as lifebuoys.
Clinging to the cans, the woman
ioated along for some distance until
-assersby saw her plight and rescued
ler. London Express.
The Greatest Smokers.
Fcr somt: reason cr none mot
teople havr hitherto looked upen the
2ermani as the most inveterate smok
rs in the world, although few will he
surprised to iesm that the Dutch are
i little ahead cf them as consumers
3f tobacco, since pictorially a Dutch--nau
is always associated with a pipe.
But none will be prepared to hear that
the Swiss smoke 50 per cent noe
ihan either, still less tnat the 3elgian
jums more than double as much as
Kindly Dee Well Rewarded-
Mrs. C Durga of BetheL Tt-, has
received 20,000 by the will of Alfred
Bnrte of Liverpool, England, almost
a total stranger. A few years ago,
while Mr. Bnrte was -visiting in Beth
el, Mrs. DDurga did some wrting for
him and would take no pay. She
sst heard from hrm since.
Sure of Man's Descent from Apes.
Prof. Ernest HaeckeL in a recent
lecture in Berlin, stated that, is his
opiv'coc, it is absolutely certain that
aua Is descended from apes.
! liberately manufactured to afford a
pretext for judicial murder. From a
, Polish nobleman, the husband of an
j English lady now in London, the
writer learned details of his experi
ences m such a case. "We never
knew," he said. "I and those who had
been taken at the same time, until
after our morning parade in the prison
yard, who would return alive to his
cell or who would remain in the yard
upon his back on the stones. Every
morning we were subjected to the
grim sport of a lottery. After being
brought from our cells to the yard.
we were placed in line, and a certain
number being drawn say five that
number of men told off from the right.
The doomed fifth was then marched
with his back to the farther wall and
a file of soldiers did the rest. I saw
my own brother shot before my eyes
one morning. I was eventually exiled
' to Siberia, and fro:
there I managed
' to escape."
J -The Mercy of the Czar.
i Do you know what it is to have
. vour sentence
j your sentence of death commuted by
. the Czar? A little while ago Europe
commented with satisfaction en the
commutation by the Czar of three
death sentences out of five. These
"fortunate ones" were immured in
1 cells in the fortress of St- Peter and
St. PauL Not only were these dens
dark for tweny-two hours out of
twenty-four, but the walls were run
ning with damp, and pools of water
had gathered on the floor. Neither
books nor anything that might dis
tract the mind was allowed, and one
! prisoner having been found designing
geometrical figures with his bread had
it removed by the jailor, with the re
mark that hard labor convicts "were
not permitted to amuse themselves."
Another calculated torture in these
j cells i? the eyehole, at which a warder
i or soldier is poed to watch the pri
soner. By this means the quietest
prisoner is soon moved to frenzy, and
the slightest insubordination Is at
once punished by merciless flogging,
if not worse Thus it comes about
i that of the three mn whose sentences
: had been commuted, one after a year
i of these horrors, became a consump-
m - i
a Oa- C ""i A jn iaT
N V i.
Miss Gould's donations are nearlv all
Map shows general ccurse of storm. of a ponaj cature It is said by au
Tne cross indicates Snyder. The loss , -horides on the subject that Miss
of life and destruction of property Gould contributes o more individual
were very heavy, tne dead alone num- ' charities than any other person In the
hering over two hundred. . world. Through her secretary more
.ssrssw tf-au 5200.000 has been distributed
live; another, a rotmst and vigorous ' ;o onsands of beneficiaries. About
workinn man, wen, mad. the third..200 Pr50--a- !:-rs asking for help
also a man of powerful phvsique. was ' 2re s:-to -e" each day. but they are
rotted with cnrw Snrh i rb thoroughly digesd before Miss Gould
mercy of the Czar.
New Life in tne Red Crcs.
There will be widespread and pro- j
iOund gratification at the indications
of restored vitality in the American '
National Red Cross which have ap
peared since the placing of that or- '
ganization upon a rational and busi
nesslike basis. This organization.
both in its broad national scope and '
in its' local details, is voluntary, and
is dependent entirely for success upon ,
the favor and benevolence of the pec-
pie. 3eyond question, therefore, the !
essential cornerstone of it must be
public confidence not cnZy in the ab- .
solute integrity, but also in the busi
nesslike eSciency. economy and com
mon sense of its administration. The
public will not support, and ought not
to support, a work the ways and
means of which are noc above suspi
cion, and a shadow cf carelessness or
slovenliness is scare less damning
than one of ouTtzht dishonesty. Un-
"Ever merrt .
"Sure. Met :
ence. Belt full
- on tne warpath
lanridges and re- ,
vol vers, and a
Had a Winches--hand
and a saw :
"Must have S'a
"Scare me? I -him
a lesson all -.
i. tr-tii w .
rt-l. V.-. t
; tacoe gave Mr. Van Sant a close re
' 7GC" r ,. 5e:a-a--ce to Gen. Jean A. Louan
-ssnsc I taught making the wear- ar easy mark" for
:tX- ' I Ibe cat-UJonisT. H.s friends think L
-as that. must be cat of ro!iru fn- ; i. a
"He asked m
davit' an' I .
aim. -Cie. eland
Hen fanciers r.
boro. Me., thm'r
the egg layinc
their hens thr.-:;
a liberal sept
Emmea L. La
pullets from wL
eighteen eggs a
fed in that t.r
of apples. E. F
a large fock. :'
barrels of the fr
- region of Waido
- - they have solTed
- .em by feeding
.- the winter with
: apples. Miss
-r.e got fifteen to
:-. ail winter. She
r&r nine barrels
- .sec some twen:
. : wi:
American Tyre a -iter fr King.
King EdwarC of England is about
to put" the stamp of -yal approval on
the American typ-w-.ung machine A
particulariy ela:--ae specimen of
that labor-savin:- c:ce is being made
for his use anc wiU be shipped to
England ere long. It is to have a
mahogany frame and tie keys will he
Taft to Deliver Address.
Secretary Taft win this year deliver
the commencement address at Miami
' der the new charter and the new- or
ganization the Red Cross stands above
reproach and above suspicion, upon,
a basis which merits and will douht-
' less command the confidence cf the
American people. New York.Tribune.
j DOUKHOSCRS A STRANGE SECT.
Peaceful and Industrious, but Fanati-
' cat in the Extreme.
j The Doukhobors go back to about
1730. and had their origin in the Rus-
sian province of Ekaterinoslav. The
first leader of the sect taught his fol
lowers that, as the externalities of re-
ligion were unimportant they might
1 conform to any prevailing wherever
J they happened to be. He was zealous
" and pious, and, laboring among his
small group ci ciscipies ait nis me.
wrought an enduring influence upoa
them. They were early subject to per
secutions; Czar Alexander early la
the nineteenth century sought to de
liver them from this oppression and
settled them in a fertile district north
of the sea of Azov, where they got
on well for a time, were orderly and
Their new leader, named Kapous
tin, was a man of talents and authori
ty; he appointed thirty elders and
twelve apostles, and through them
ruled tie sect, which prospered while
he was at the head of it. But his
descendants, son and grandson, drank
too much vodka, and abuses crept ia
to such an extent that Czar Nicholas,
who had succeeded Alexander, trans
ported the whole lot to the Caucasus
to mend their manners. Those who
would join the Orthodox church might
stay; the rest must go. and did go.
keeping in general their sectarian
characteristics as obstinately as so
Tolstoy fell in with them about
ten years ago and took to them with
much ardor. It was at this time that
they refused conscription, and this
drew on them renewed persecution
from the government. Under stress
of this,, with Tolstoy to advise and
back them, several thousand of then
came to this country, settling in Brit
ish North America, where, with the
exception of a few outbreaks of re
ligious mania, they have gone on tol
erably well, raising wheat and cattle
and building up their material pros
perity. Their present director is
named Verigin. and his influence -is
employed in directions prescribed by
common sense, and to restrain fanati
cal tendencies. Their chief danger in
the future is in getting a fool for a.
leader. Such an one might lead the
whole sect into demoralizing extrava
gances, to which they are always
Miss Helen Gcald's Charities.
The charities of Miss Helen Gould
amount to about 5S9CKKO annually,
and while this amount seems small in
comparison to the great sums given
away by Messrs. Rockefeller and Car
negie, it must be home in mind that
sees them, mos of the applicants
proving unworthy In one week re
quests amounting to SI ,500.90 have
Prince Prcmine-.t ir. Y. M. C. A.
Prince Oscar Bmadotte of Sweden
and Norway, who made the opening
address at the world's conference of
the Y. M. C. A. at Paris and who was
ejected first vice president, is tie sec
ond son of King Oscar He was bora
Nov. 15, 1S59. and m !. renounced
his succession to zbf hrcne and mar
ried Ebba Munch, -f Fuikflla. to
whom he was a:trac-i by her in
tensely religious d:spc----.on. Since his
his marriage Princ- Bemadotte, who
also bears the ti:!. of count of Wis
borg. has worked 'onistently as a
religious propacarc:- among the sol
diers and sailors of h.s country. He
has a large estate, 'yva as Frid
heim. on the island of Go-Jand. The
prince's mother. Q.r Sophia, also
is cf a very reii o:- exposition.
j r-.x-ucverr.cr Discardc Mustache.
; Samue? R. Van San. -x-govemorof
Minnesota, has ;naved off th heaw
black mosache vhich o-ro - J,
i -. -.via
cantpaigaer he vo-sid be handicaned
by his smooth face.
CoiorE. like go-.-rs. have a meanin
of their own. Wh.te signifies purity
, faith, joy and !If red. the ruby, typl'
fies fire. Jove and royalty, bine, the
sappnire. express-s hea-ren, Irarh com
stancy and fidelry: yellow represents
the sun. ma-nag- and faithfulness
green is the cclcr of hope and victory"
. violet is the hue of passion and suffer
tag; purple and scarlet are for hor
' timgs and black is the attendant ol
. despair, earthliness. mourning and
Lcrd Roberts to Visit America.
, Lord Roberts, the fan-sus 3riisb
army officer. wHl visit this country
some time next fall He has
: nounced nis intention to his
i.ciiiu. vji. . uorcon McCabe ol
t Richmond. Va, who is accustomed to
' spend a good portion of his time fe
Greatest Russian Journalist,
Alexis Sergevitch Suvonin, editor of
the Noroe Vremya. now 70, has bee
for years the greatest figure is th
Russian journalistic world.
de in his nht that intimate ar-.-tanc pas--witi
, --- -v3iiiiii. ii.31. ice cue
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