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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1905)
BLOT ON STATES GOOD NAME
Unsanitary Condition in Prisons and Slum .Dis
tricts a Crime.
-,, r v jt - - - - .
.- -" IK 21v -w-a ., - -mrjjh.- ear '
Mr. Wrapg Invites contributions ot
any new ideas that readers of tins ae
partir.ent may wish to present, arm
would he pleased to answer correspond
ents desirins information on -Jcc"
discussed. Address M. J. Wrags. 30" Good
1 Block. Des Moines. Iowa.l
SQUABS FOR MARKET.
The keeping of pigeons has become
a regular business in some sections,
comparing with ten years ago, and a
great deal of interest is now being
taken in the pigeon as a source of
profit. The first essential is to have
a good house and yard, and to have
the yard wired in order to confine the
birds. The house should be arranged
to permit of abundant floor-room, the
nests to be along the sides. The
Homer pigeon is largely used, an ex
cellent mating being Dragoon and
Homer. Be sure that the sexes are
equal, as pigeons pair and keep the
same nests. Mice in the nests must
be guarded against, and lice will' de
stroy all profit. Give nesting materi
als for the birds, and include tobacco
leaves, which will assist in keeping
lice away. Fresh Dalmation insect
powder should be freely used in the
rests on the first indication of lice,
and cleanliness must be enforced.
The yard should be at least ten feet
high, of any size preferred, and should
have roosting poles at different
heights, of which the birds may alight.
Keep a salt codfish hung where the
birds can have access thereto, supply
gravel, coarsely ground oyster shells,
ground bone, wheat, cracked corn,
sorghum seed, millet seed and a green
food of some kind, as the birds will
help themselves to what is desired by
them. The squabs are sold when well
feathered, are dry picked, marketed
by express and bring from two dollars
and fifty cents to four dollars and fif
ty cents a dozen, February being the
month of highest price. The rapid
ity of growth depends upon the food
and care. About eight pairs of squabs
a year may be expected, depending on
mode of management.
The time to do a tiling is now, not
to-morrow. Set a hen when she is
clucking. Keep all tools housed when
not in use. Everything that repre
sents a cash outlay should be taken
care of. Feed all kinds of stock liber
ally and the returns will usually be
satisfactory. It pays to meet all obli
gations promptly if one has to borrow
money to do it. Sell for cash and buy
the same way. Keep up to date.
C. H. II., Round Mound, Kan. If
nt loo much trouble to you, 1 would
like to ask ou to answer this: In
crop rotation, "which is the best to
follow each other in these wheat,
corn and Kaffir corn? Would wheat
do as good sowed after Kaffir corn as
Of the three crops you named we
believe we would start in with Kaf
fir corn, then corn and after that
wheat. For instance, plant Kaffir corn
next season, in 190C plant corn and
then in the fall get the corn cut as
soon as possible and sow jouV wheat.
We recommend this way because we
believe you would find that wheat
would do better, one year with an
other, after corn than after Kaffir
corn. As a general thing land is left
.n better shape for the growing of
wheat after Indian corn than it is af
ter Kaffir corn, though in this the sea
son has something to do. Another
thing. Kaffir corn is sometimes apt
to spoil more in shock than 'corn if
cut as earl' as one would want it
for wheat if planted at the time in
the spring Kaffr corn is usually plant
ed. No more urgent appeal could be
made for the necessity of tile drain
age than the conditions to be found
on many a level, undrained farm this
year where there has been too much
rain. The loss of a few crops would
go a great way toward covering the
expense of draining. Some lessons
have to come hard. If there ever was
a justifiable debt it would be for tile
draining on a wet farm.
WATCH THE MAPLES.
This is the time of j-ear when the
owner of soft maple trees should keep
a close watch of them to prevent the
spread of the cottony scales. The
fcale insects that were born last year
have now passed through the winter
and are mature enough to lay eggs.
This is beginning at this time. Little
puggs of white cottony substance will
commence to appear at the end of the
next two months. This is the sign
oy which the females may be locat
ed. The cottony substance is the cov
ering for the eggs that are being laid.
As sqon as this begins to appear, the
eggs and scale should be scraped
from the bark and destroyed. If this
Is done on trees but newly affected
the check to the spread of the scale
will be permanent. Had this been
done every year the work of destroy
. ing these incipient colonies would be
small and the results long lasting.
The neglect that is shown the scales
is the great reason for the destruc
tion they have been able to do.
One of the best crops to grow to
help out the supply of hay is millet
If grown in a reasonably rich soil,
prepared in a good tilth, a large
amount of good feed may be secured
a comparatively low cost. The soil
should be prepared in a good tilth by
"A subscriber asks for information
about wolf teeth in horses. Wolf
teeth are small supernumerary, or ex
tra, teeth which often occur In the
horse, and are found just in front of
the first molars. It has been surf
posed by many persons that these
teeth are the cause of eye troubles in
horses, bnt aside from the irritation
Incident to teething there is no basic
for such a supposition. The colt, how
ever, is Just as well off without the
wolf teeth, and where' at all conven
ient they should be removed by for
ceps. Patronize jour county fair this fall
hy. making an exhibit and attending
with yoaraelf aad family; you can't
a few days to better advantage.
The fact that leguminous crops, like
peas and clover, can obtain nitrogen
directly from the atmosphere when
certain bacteria are present en the
roots has been known for a long time,
and many attempts have been made to
cultivate and use these bacteria in
agricultural practice. Attention has
been called in past reports to the prog
ress the department has made in in
vestigating this problem. At the time
of the last report the reason for he
failure of former work from a practi
cal standpoint, both in America and in
Europe, has been .determined, and a
new, simple, cheap, and thoroughly
satisfactory method of cultivating, dis
tributing, and using these nitrogen
gathering organisms for all important
crops had been perfected. During the
past season the value of these bacteria
has been demonstrated in extensive
field tests. Good stands of clover and
alfalfa, vetch, cowpeas, etc., have been
secured in soils where, without the
bacteria, these crops were a failure.
The field work also demonstrated that
soil and seed inoculated are equally
valuable, so that either method may
be used according to.convenience. As
a result of these experiments the de
partment is now prepared to furnish
in reasonable quantity organisms tor
all the principal leguminous crops.
Patents have been applied for, cov
ering all the processes used, in order
to make them secure for general pub
lic use. In order to enlarge the scope
of this work and to carry on the neces
sary field demonstrations, an increase
in the funds of the plant physiological
and pathological investigations lias
been included in the estimates. Agri
The man of boy who will strike a
horse with the halter or bridle when ,
turning him out should have an object i
lesson given him. It is a bad lesson
for the horse. A horse that has es
caped from his manger should never
be whipped when caught. He should
be petted instead and treated kindly.
I do not know what day it Is,
I do not know what year;
Yon can't tell 'bout the seasons
'Cause they mix up so queer.
But there's one day you can't fool me.
When the sun begins to climb
Anil the sparrows start a-chirpin'.
Then I know It's lishin' time. '
When the breeze is soft anil sinRin"
Anil the clouds are Huffy-white.
And the sunshine on the water
Keeps a-dancin' Ray and light.
And you kind o' feels that workin'
Would be nothing short o" ciime.
Then you needn't stoji to flguie.
'Cau.se you know it s fishin' time.
There is no profit in raising poor
horses. Commencing with the colt you
will be able to feed him cheap enough j
when growing, but after he is matured j
and is ready to be marketed, if he is
poorly bred there is no demand for .
him. He cannot be turned into cash ',
and a trading horse cannot be consid
ered as a very desirable piece of prop
erty. Good horses are always in de- :
mand at fair prices. It costs but little
more, if any, to keep and feed them
and they can be turned Into cash at
almost any time and may be consid
ered as valuable property.
RAISE PURE BREDS.
If a farmer will only try pure bred
pigs once he will never want to go
back to the mongrels again. The
pure breds will take less feed to fat
ten them and he can sell the choice
ones to others at better than stock
yard prices and send the culls to the
butchers and get the very top market
prices for them and generally at a
A strong argument in favor of the
pure bred animal is their uniformity of
color, which counts for a great deal at
the stock-yards. Recently while at
the Union stcck-yards, at Indianapolis,
I met the hog buyer for Kingan'a
packing house, and he pointed to a pen
of hogs that he had just bought and
said that they were the best in the
yards. I asked him why. as there
was a big market of hogs that morn
ing, and he said because they were
uniform in size and color and were
There tire always buyers ready to
buy pure breds at a premium and a
great many farmers in this section are
falling into line and will soon be rais
ing pure breds. When the average
farmer learns how much pleasure as
well as profit there is in handling pure
breds. there will be many less scrubs
throughout the country. The farmer
who wants to get the most out of the
feed raised on the average farm must
have pure breds to eat it. as that is
the most profitable way to sell your
corn, hay, etc.
The practical farmer wants and
needs a daily paper, and if he lives !
en a rural route he can have it
brought to his door. He wants the
general news for himself and every
member of his family large enough to j
read. The paper that pays strict at- .
tention to furnishing the farmer re- j
liable information about his business
is the one that he will subscribe for.
WHITEWASH ON TREES.
Recently in a trip through a farm
ing region, the writer was pleased to
see that a good deal of attention had
been given to the orchards, even
though the community was one de
voting its efforts to general farming,
rather than to fruit growing. The
farmers everywhere had got into the
notion of whitewashing their trees.
This was especially the case with the
younger trees. The custom is a good
one that has long been practiced in
New England and probably in other
sections of the country. The white
wash does the tree ho, harm, most
certainly, but on the other hand,
keeps the beetles that make borers
from selecting such a tree as a depos
itory for eggs. It is doubtless a pre
ventive of fungus attacks. We would
like to hear from our readers as to
the prevalence of this practice' in their
Take an inventory of the different
necessaries of life that you are buy
ing, that could be produce on the
farm, and make an extra effort to
produce them this year.
Tarred paper makes a good lining
for nests. Vermin do not like the smell
and stay away.
Bunches of Kaffir corn make fine
food, and furnish good exercise for
chickens, old and young.
Don't hurry the old hen in coming
off. Let her stay on the nest as long
as she will remain content. It keeps
the chickens warm and makes them
In an experiment made by the New
York Experiment Station with feed
ing it was found that chickens fed the
whole or ground grain, the ground
grain proved the more profitable. No
difference could- be seen in the health
fulness of the chicks, but those fed
the grourd food grew faster and made
the most rapid increase in weight, as
did also the capons which were in
each lot fed.
Mud holes in the chicken yard
should be filled. Also all places which
are deep enough for young chicks to
get into, and not able to get out. Old
post holes are death traps for them.
It is the practice of some to sell
their fowls as soon as disease ap
pears. This is not right. The mer
chant may lose, and the consumer
may. unknowingly, eat sick chickens.
Do unto others as you would be done
Geese do not accommodate them
selves to each other and to their quar
ters as readily as chickens; nor do
they breed as young. A gander to be
effective should be two or three years
old. Matings should be made early
in the winter.
Wash the horse's shoulders with
cold salt water at noon and night, and
keep the collars perfectly clean, and
you wili have no trouble with sore
shoulders. Of course this is when
the collars are properly fitted, no
amount of care will suffice to keep
horses' shoulders in condition that
are compelled to work in an ill-fitting
WEED KILLER AND RAIN SAVER.
One of the best tools to use in the
garden during drought is what we
call a boat, writes an Illinois garden
er. It is a little boat three feet long
by two feet wide. Any man who can
use a saw and hatchet can make one
in an hour, and the whole cost would
not exceed thirty cents. To make it
fake two pieces of hard wood three
feet long, one and a half inches thick,
by eight inches wide. Slant up at one
end. like a sled runner, and slank
crosswise with planks one inch thick
and two feet long. Nail on two old
plow handles. In the inside nail on
a strong piece of hard wood, on the
top, at the nose, to attach the clevis
to. and the thing is done. ,
To use it. load it down with stone"
to suit the case. Toward the last cul
tivation given put the finishing
touches on with the boat. Should
there be some light rains, enough to
form a crust on top, run the boat
again. Any weeds that may have start
ed will be entirely destroyed, and the
earth will be so compacted that it will
form a mulch on the top of the soil.
It seems to make the moisture rise by
capillary attraction. This little sim
ple tool. I believe, is used only in
southern Illinois, as far as I know. Let
any man try it in time of a drought,
and. my word for it, he will be pleas
ed with it. It can be run within
three inches of the plants on each side
and will not disturb the roots in the
This is the season of the year when
no man can afford to make a mistake
A good crop will come from a good
stand, other things being euual. Nc
matter how favorable the conditions
are a good crop cannot come from a
Green manure is the name applied
to a crop that is grown for the pur
pose of being turned under. Some of
the lands that are exhausted to such
an extent that they will not bear good
crops of grain, yet will be found grow
ing up to some kinds of weeds. Some
times this weed crop is the bestthing
that can be grown on the land, if the
farmer is smart enough to turn il
under. It adds humus to the soil. We
have heard of fields that were prac
tically good for nothing, yet were re
claimed by having the weeds plowed
under for three or more years. The
fact was that the fields were deficient
in humus and nitrogen and needed an
application of both of these, which
they got in the green manures given
in the form of the turned under weeds
The best green manure in mosl
parts of the North is the clover plant
But cow peas and soy beans are ex
cellent where they can be grown. All
kinds of legumes are very good foi
turning under, as they always add ni
trogen to the soil. Rye and such
things are sometimes used, but they
add little or nothing to the soil ex
cept fiber, which is not taken up bj
the roots of the growing plants. It
may, however, do some good to the
If your corn is not a full stand, re
plant a part of it. Sometimes it hap
rens that the tassel of the corn If
killed by the drouth, and should a
rain occur soon after the replanted
has tasseled it will come on and, tc
a large extent, do the work expected
of the earlier tassels.
CLOVERS ON WET LAND.
Clovers differ greatly as to theii
ability to live with water at theii
roots. Thus, the red varieties musl
be grown on land where water doe
not stand. A large proportion of the
failures in getting catches of clovet
are doubtless due to the sowing ol
the seed on poorly-drained land
Where the red clover is wanted and
the land is wet, the only thing to dc
is to drain it, so that the land wlL
dry out well in the spring, and get
warm quickly, and so that it will' re
main warm till late in the fall rvrtn
land is not suitable to the growint
oi medium and red clover. But with
the alslke it is different, to a degree
That variety will stand more moisture
than the other kinds, but not so mack
as some people give it credit for.
There's "Airiness" in Coats.
A very light weight supple moire is
being exploited by some of the French
coatmakers, and often with admirable
results. In a delicate pearl gray, inset
with lace dyed to match, and in a de
sign or huge grape clusters, and trim
med with soft frills of yellowish alen
con, this new moire made a most de
lectable flowing three-quarter coat.
The new supple iaille, too, has' been
taken up enthusiastically by cloak
makers, but taffeta still holds the first
Mousseline, chiffon cloth, and net
are perishable materials for the wrap,
but, perhaps for that very reason have
for some time past been popular with
Che women who do not count dollars
in their pursuit of modish elegance.
Models in these sheer stuffs are love
lier than ever, and the flowered mous
selines and chiffons so wonderful in
design and- coloring are often utilized
by the artist in coats.
The New Slipper.
Perhaps there is no better illustra
tion of how carefully the smart girl
considers every little detail of ner
dress than the new slipper which the
girl with the large foot Is wearing.
She scorns all the gay colored, bril
liantly ombroidered evening slippers,
and wears instead a plain black satin
slipper which fits the foot very snugly,
has a medium high French heel, and
an exceptionally large black satin or
black velvet bow in front which really
has a remarkable way of apparently
reducing the size of the foot.
f it; "J "l
:SSSW?S5&a ' 1
Navy Serge, most serviceable of ma
terials, makes thib gown, wit!: touches
of white and red to smarten up the
coat, and triple rows ot fancy buttons
, as a nnisu.
Silk Shirt Vvaist Suits.
Silk Shirt waist suits have changed
a good deal since last year, and half of
them have the chenjisettc in one form
or other; the little round and square
necks are most popular, although sur
plice styles make V shapes of the
tuckers. Circular Jlounres have come
in again, after circular skirts, and
prove an attractive way of getting a
graceful little extra fullness about the
skirt from the knees down, without
accentuating fullness further up on
the skirt. The same skirts often
show tucks running t;p and down
just on each side of the front and of
the back, giving a sort of panel effect
that is very good. With this skirt
the shirt waist should be tucked down
front and back like the skirt, carry
ing out the panel effect. Leave the
shoulders plain, and put stitched
bands of the material in a broken
line to define a deep yoke and about
the tiny square neck. The yoke and
cuffs may be made separate or at
tached. Three-Flounce Skirts.
Three-flounce skirts have swept
back into form the kind where the
three flounces make up the whole
skirt. The top flounce is tucked to fit
closely over the hips, and' the other
two flounces fulled on. Those circular
ruffles make attractive three-flounce
suits almost prettier than the full
flounces and more becoming to a
stouter figure. Shaped circular
flounces come for setting on petti
coat foundations of soft white stuff
or of silk. The flounces are made of
sheer lawns and linens, embroidered
elaborately or simply, according to
purse and taste.
For the Dust Cloak.
For midsummer wear, when a wrap
is worn more for protection from dust
than for warmth, the pongee and s'lk
coats are by far the best, and fashion
has pronounced in favor of light rath
er than dark colors. Tan. gray, all
pale colors and white an ivory white
are thought far better than the dark
blues and blacks that at first were
thought the more practical. Fortun
ately common sense does play a prom
inent part in fashions nowadays, and
when, as in this instance, it is discov
ered by actual test that light colors
are best, as they shed the dust, then
light colors are worn by the majority.
The blues and reds in bripht shades
are very smart also, but these colors
require to be carefully chosen or they
will be too conspicuous.
Use two cups of milk, two table
spoonfuls of butter, half a cup of su
gar, four eggs, two teaspoonfuls of
flour, one teaspoonful of vanilla. Scald
the milk in a double boiler and when
hot add the yolks of the eggs .well
beaten, with the sugar and flour; take
from the fire as soon as it begins to
thicken, and stir In the butter. Beat
the whites of the eggs to a stiff froth
and mix with custard lightly. Bake
in a slow oven for half an hour. Serve
New Styles in Mohairs.
Mohairs have come out in the pret
tiest of pastel checks, and mohairs
have no end of wear in them. They
make the most satisfactory traveling
suits and dresses imaginable. Chiffon-taffeta,
in the tiny broken checks
and hair lines, copied from old-time
Bffka, makes up exquisite suits. Reg
alation shepherd's checks, and, most
of all, the shadow checks, are strong
tr than ever. In wash stuffs linen
I tPi'je- VC-tJtMiSTTy
leads. But chambray and ginghams,
and. by the way, those dark plaid
ginghams, make stunning suits, re
lieved from too somber a style by
chemisettes, and a hundred other ma
terials are used, trimmed or plain.
The broderie Anglaise suits are stun
ning, and the embroidered ones, and
a severe little kind of plain suit that
is just coming in more mannish as
to style, yet anything but masculine.
Only a few have been made yet, but
they're too fascinating not to be repeated.
Linen soutache braid trims the
Valenciennes lace comes now in cir
The soft leather girdles are em
broidered in colors.
Shaded stockings, the color paling
toward the top, are new.
Patent leather ties are procurable
now in both mauve and white.
The open-work shoe. has come. It
makes its initial bow in white kid.
Short black coats with light skirs
is a combination that will be much
Burlingham silk is making some of
the most approved coat and skirt cos
tumes. Gloves with open embroidery up the
back, showing contrasting kid be
neath, are new.
Tan shoes, tan gloves and a brovn
hat give most any dress an air of com
pleteness. Newest in Coiffures.
Fringes as known in the nineteenth
century are now things of the past.
Smart women wear a light, straight
rouleau of hair on their foreheads, or
wave the hair into in artistic frame
for their faces, with one or two soft
curls to break any hardness in the out
line. And sometimes one curl is worn
drawn to a point in the middle of the
forehead. A few women, tall and with
long, swanlike necks, dress their hair
low, with a loose knot in the nape of
Fichus and Pelerines.
The small fichus, pelerines and
capes that are in any sense of the
word wraps are most attractive this
season. Made of chiffon, silk net lace
ami featluirs they add very much to
the finished appearance of a smart
gown and are most becoming. The
fichu with 'pinked ruchings of taffeta
made to cross in front and with big
ends that an be left to fall to he
hem of the skirt at the back is worn
with afternoon gowns, and is also
made as trimming lor evening gowrs.
The fashion is picturesque and very
attractive, and when the hat is in the
same coloring a white gown gains new
virtues and added distinction.
One pint of milk, two-thirds of a
cupful of flour, three eggs and one
scant teaspoonful of salt will be need
ed. Beat the eggs very light. Add salt
and milk and pour about half a cupful
of the mixture upon the flour. When
perfectly smooth add the remainder.
This makes a small pudding about
enough for six persons. When the
roast of beef is almost ready let the
pudding bake in the oven for half an
hour. Then cut in squares and place
it on the platter under the squares
and place it on the platter under the
meat to catch the dripping.
Soaking prints in salt water before
washing fastens the colors.
Ink stains on linen should be soaked
out in milk and the sooner this is done
the better, for, though wet Ink comes
out readily, it takes a good deal of
soaking to remove it if it has been al
lowed to dry in.
Never neglect small repairs a
AIDS TO HOME SEWING
BLOUSE OR SHIRTWAIST.
Plain shirtwaists always are in de
mand, and always fill a need. This
one shows the new sleeves, that are
full at the shoulders, and includes a
wide box plait at the center front.
The model is made of Russian blue
sicilian mohair, stitched with cortl
celli silk, and is worn with a belt and
tie of black taffeta. All waisting ma
terials are, however, equally appropri
ate, the many mercerized cottons as
well as wool and silk.
The waist consists of the fitted lin
ing, which is optional, fronts and
back. The back Is plain across the
shoulders, drawn down in gathers at
the waistline, but the fronts are gath
ered at their upper edges also, so
forming becoming folds. The sleeves
are in shirt style., gathered into
straight cuffs, and at the neck is a reg
ulation stock. '
The quantity of material required
for the medium size is 3 yards 21
inches wide, Zi yards 27 inches wide,
or 2 yards 44 Inches wide.
stitch in time saves not only nine, but
ninety! Don't let buttons hang by
their last thread, darn small holes.
never wear dirty linen or tumbled I
lace, brush off mud, and bind frayed
After washing, silk lace should be
allowed to lie for half an hour in a
little warm milk, to which a very lit
tle gum water has been added. Then
squeeze nearly dry and iron on the
wrong side on a board covered with
several thicknesses of clean flannel.
The Newest Colors.
Pervenche, a delicate lilac tinted
with blue, snuff brown and raspberry
are some of the smart new shades of
the moment. It would appear that
the kitchen garden had been closely
observed by the dyers of the day, for
gooseberry and ivy, two good shades
of green, are the tavorite ones of the
moment. There are still some ex
quisite sequined robes (old favorites
never to be dispossessed) to mention,
one shining mother-of-pearl disc, and
another with paillettes that gleam like
tempered steel and look lovely over
billowing masses of gray blue tulle.
Seen the other nisht at a very smart
restaurant was a brown gown covered
with nut-brown sequins. Brown is
only rarely used for an evening dress,
but it is certainly very effective
when worn, as it was in this case, by
a blonde whose hair answered per-
fectly to the French term cendre,
uLe Dernier Cri" in White.
Several of the
newest ideas are
The tunic fashion
of the skirt, leaving a flat front; the
deep point to the corsage, and the j
elbow hleeve with the turned-tip gaunt
let vcuff. The material is white cloth,
and the collar and cuffs are embroid
Put a tablespoonful of gelatine in a
little cold water to soften, and then
pour over one cupful of boiling water
to dissolve it. Turn all into a dish
with the juice of ten large oranges,
and add two breakfast cupfuls of su
gar and three of water. If there is a
tendency to insipidity, add the juice
of a lemon, also of a pineapple, if de
Shirt Waist Innovation.
A shirt waist, with a tiny vest show
ing below the yoke, is an innovation
Tho shirt waist is tucked down the
back ami the puff of the sleeves, and
trimmed with straight hands down
each side of the front and a shaped
one around the yoke. Cuffs and yoke
may be made of lace or embroidery
insertion, or both the newest way ol
making cuffs being of rows of narrow
Valenciennes insertion, finished at the
hand with a row of batiste insertion
as sheer as possible and in as open
. The skirt shows a panel effect in
front, and is trimmed with three bias
bands, starting from the panel. The
back is pleated into the belt.
All shirt-waist suits are cut walk
ing length a little shorter than jusl
CHILD'S TUCKED FROCK.
Wee tots are always charming in
frocks of dainty material simpl
made. The very pretty little model
shown is tucked to form a yoke, and I
can be finished plain or with the her
tha as preferred. The original is mado
of fine nainsook, with trimming of em
broidery, but all fabrics used for the
dresses of little children are appro
priate. With the bertha the frock be
comes suited to dress occasions;
without it is adapted to the hours of
play and to simpler materials.
The dress consists of front and
back, the tucks forming the yoke, with
full sleeves that are tucked above the
elbows in conformity with the latest
style. The bertha is circular, and-ar-
ranged over the dress on indicated
lines, and at the lower edge is a gath
The quantity of material required
for the medium size (2 years) is 3
yards 27 Inches wide, 2 yards 32
Inches wide, oi 2 yards 44 inches
wide, with 5 yards of embroidery to
trim as illustiftted in the medium
ihHVI r Mk-g "JIB
Sine? the attention of the Chicago
authorities was so forcibly called to
the conditions present in the peniten
tiary other states have been investi
gating. The rapid growth of tuberculosis
among prisoners in the Joliet, 111., pen-
j itentiary, attended by a marked In
crease in the prison death rate, has
aroused the officials to action. An in
vestigation and reform is to be insti
tuted by the State Beard of Health.
The members of this board do not
deny that tinder the present conditions
all efforts to combat the disease are
hopeless. Better general sanitary con
ditions must be established or it will
be impossible to prevent the spread of
tuberculosis to all the present prison
ers and to all who may be so unfortu
nate as to be sentenced later.
This Is another instance of the state
forcing its citizens to live under con
ditions which mean almost sure death.
It is surprising in this day of enlight
enment that the state should allow its
citizens to live, voluntarily, in unsani
tary homes. Yet it does. The resi
dents of the slum and tenement dis
tricts are dying from faulty sanita
tion and bad hygiene. But more the
state forces some others to spend
from one to ten years in a dark cell
from which they so often come, strick
en by the great "white plague"
wrecks of their former selves and a
continual expense to the community.
With the message of "prevention
and cure" of consumption in every
paper let the state not forget its pris
oners who must silently suffer what
ever fate is decreed for' them.
A Slaughterhouse Victim.
The papers recently reported the
death at Cripple Creek, Colo., or a
woman who, three years ago, while
visiting the slaughterhouse of the Ar
mour Packing company in Chicago,
was completely paralyzed on one side
as a result of the shock produced by
the sight of the terrible tragedies
which are constantly being enacted in
that great killing establishment. This
victim of slaughterhouse horrors is
only one of many thousands who meet
their death through the slaughter
houses every year. It may not be
said, indeed, that the death can be
traced so directly and immediately to
the slaughterhouse as in this case, but
the multitudes of men and women
who die of gouty disorders, rheuma
tism and other maladies resulting
from uric-acid poisoning might enjoy
many years of life were it not for the
deadly dose of uric acid and other poi
sons derived from the products of the
slaughterhouse meat eaters' disor
ders, among which must be included
trichina and tapeworm, tuberculosis
and possibly cancer as well as those
which have been traced directly to
Don't wear thin soled shoes at any
season of the year. One may take
cold from chilling of the feet as the
result of wearing thin-soled shoes in
walking over a cold pavement, even
when the pavement is perfectly dry.
Don't adjust the clothing to suit the
season of the year only, but adapt it
to the weather conditions of each par
Don't wear high-heeled shoes, nor
pointed shoes, nor narrow-soled shoes,
nor tight shoes, nor low shoes. Don't
wear slippers, except in the house.
Shoes must have broad, reasonably
thick soles', plenty of room for .the
toes, low 'heels. Rubber heels are a
Don't support the clothing by bands
tight about the waist.
Don't constrict the limbs by means
of elastic bands to support the stock
ings. Support ail clothing from the
shoulders, not by bands, but by a
properly constructed waist free from
bones, on the "union" plan.
A Centennial Celebration.
The people of Fayette, Ohio, recent
ly showed their appreciation of the
favor conferred on them in having in
their community a fine old lady who
has rounded cut the full measure of
her hundred years. The centennial of
Mrs. Amelia DuBois was celebrated
by hundreds of people who met to do
her honor. The public schools were
closed, that the children might join
in the celebration. In charge of their
teachers, they marched- to the home
of Mr. and Mrs. DuBois and escorted
them to the opera house, where an in
teresting program, in which many
prominent people of the neighborhood
took part, was carried out.
One pleasing feature was the pres
entation by the children of a quantity
of flowers the money for which had
been collected among themselves.
The interest shown in the occasion
by the people of Fayette and j-urround-
towns is evidence of the hish
esteem in which this remarkable old
lady is held. Lvery faculty of her
mind is alert and responsive, and h"r
brown eves still retain their attract- !
ive sparkle. She is an accomplished
needlewoman, and still spends much
time in preparing dainty gifts for her j
friends. Mr. DuBois. to whom Mr.
DuBois was married sixty-one years
aco, is no less remarkable than hi-;
wife. The unusually healthy and ac
tive old age of this fine couple is a
testimony to the value of their simple,
natural, peaceful life of ar-ivity. Com
menting upon this, the Fayette Review
"One's relation to the ALL. are fo
simple that it is not necessary for
Had Something Left
"I was buying apples in Pennsyl
vania' said the commission man, "and
one day I got around to inspect a lot j
which an old farmer had been writing
to me about. He had them in his barn
and a cold snap had come on and
frozen every apple as hard as a stone.
I found him almost in tears about it
and, while I could not buy his frozen
apples, I did think to chirk him up a
bit. In this I succeeded after a time
and, wiping away the last of his tears,
he' observed :
"'Yes, as you say, it might have
been fur, fur worse.'
"'Of course it might. For In
stance "'For instance, my daughter Sally
might have been stolen away from
" 'Yes, Sally might have been called
"'But .while the apples has friz,
Sally is still left to me and she's got
a suit for breach of promise agin a
feller and Is bound to get a verdict of
$5,000 and lend me half of it, and I
just reckon I ought to shet up and be
thankful to Providence that I hain't
a busted man!' "
anyone to transgress. Instinct, that
mysterious principle- that protects and
preserves all creatures, would protect
us if we did not bury it under an av
alanche of artificialities. Our falling
away from nature is what kills. Our
getting back to it will revivify, and
this principle of 'sticking to' nature is
what one sees so distinctly in theso
grand old people."
Changed Its Mind.
As mamma was preparing her boy
for breakfast she said: "How many
cakes can Eugene eat for his break
fast this morning?"
"I can eat four. Mamma."
Seated at the table, his appetito
seemed to have materially diminished,
for he ate only one of the cakes.
"Mamma -thought you were going to
eat four cakes this morning. What is
"Well," said the five-year-old. "my
stomach changed its mind."
It occurs to us that the wise man's
stomach often "changes its mind." as
in this case, but too often that much
abused organ is so pressed upon as to
be convinced against its will, though
of the same opinion still, and. yield
ing to the demands of an abnormal
appetite, finds itself wishing the real
man had been master over the lust of
To Prolong Life.
The British Medical Journal recent
ly devoted eight pages to a discussion
oi the best means for the prolonga
tion of life. The greater part of this
space was occupied by a lecture re
cently delivered by Sir Herman Web
er. D. D., F. R. C. P.. before the Royal
College of Physicians of London, and
the main points of his advice were as
Moderation in eating, drinking and
Pure air oui of the house and with
in. The keeping of every organ of tho
body as far as possible in constant
Regular exercise every day in all
weathers; supplemented in many
cases by breathing movements, and
by walking and climbing tours.
Going to bed early and rising early,
restricting the time of sleep to six
or sever, hours. (We question tho
wisdom of this teaching. Most peoplo
require eight hours sleep; some,
Daily baths or ablutions according
to individual conditions, cold or warm,
or warm followed by cold.
Regular work and mental occupa
tion. Cultivation of placidity, cheerful
ness and hopefulness of mind.
Employment of the great power of
the mind in controlling passions and
Strengthening the will in carrying
out whatever is useful, and in check'
ing the craving for stimulants, ano
dincs and other injurious agencies.
The following abstract from tho
Cincinnati lancet-Clinic in regard to
one of the'worst evils of modern child
life is very timely:
Refinement in matters of social
life proceeds hand in hand with re
finement in other lines as civilization
advances. From the standpoint of the
physician and of the anthroiologist.
it is a question whether the physical
side of mankind is improving or de
generating. The method of bringing tip chil
dren, especially in the families of tho
well-to-do. is too often a serious men
ace to the child's health and develop
ment. Too much indoor life, too
much supervision, too little freedom
of motion an 1 will is undoubtedly tho
cause of the many weaklings seen in
the families of tho wealthy. Such chil
dren have the characteristics of hot
The remedy is, of course, to do away
with the surplus care and attention
bestowed on the child, to let the child
do more for itself, have more free
dom, more fresh air. more play with
other children. Foods and medicines
are only temporary helps for child
Naturt? is its own best doctor, and
in the end can take care of "hothouse
children" if fond parents will only
give her the chance.
A Wholesome Mcdicinei
"A wholesome m'ilicln' is Cheer.
Ami Hoi- a tonic stroni;:
H- ninuw'rs all who -nnUprs fear.
And -sliall his days prolong.
"A hanpv h"art. a rliTfiI Up.
ln::iRiiii' herilth l)-tov
As hon'V-l" tli'lr sw-tn!S dp
Krorn fragrant dowers that Wiw.
"I.'t rhrfrful tliont'hts prevail arnonR
he sons of rm n alway.
And vKiw shall haw;e to I.ov sweet
And rihiht to puMi-n day.
is reporrcd that at a recent ex-
animation of candidates for admission
to the Naval academy at Annapolis
only leven out of twenty-five were
found sufficiently sound physically to
be admitted. The whoI twonty-nve
passed the mental examination, but
fourteen or them were unable to pre
sent the necessary physical require
mnts. This fart is a f'lir index of the
rate at which the physical decadence
ot the American people is progress
ing. Insanity, idiocy and epilepsy are
all increasing at a very rapid rate
three hundred per cent within the past
Willing to Economize.
Little Willie, the attractive child of
the washerwoman who has seen bet-
ter days, was taKen to omner o a
kindly disposed patron ot his mother.
He had the least of his life, ordering
almost everything on the bill of faro
and was finishing when he announced
that he wanted more. Reason did
not appeal to Willie, and after sev
eral peremptory "Whys?" from him,
his hostess gave an excuse which sho
thought he could understand.
"It costs too much." she said.
"Oh, well, then." said Willie In a
loud and cheerful voice which pene
trated the room, "let's have some
more ice water. That doesn't cost
anything, does it?" New York Press.
On the Mississippi.
On a trip of one of the upper Mis-,
sissippi river packets a young lady
asked the pilot several questions
about the boat, channel and shores.
"I suppose you know every roclr.
reef, bar and obstruction ha this
river?" she asked.
- "Yes." he replied. Just then the'
packet ran on a sand bar. "There's
one now!" he exclaimed.
i -- -'-
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