Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1905)
Mistress Rosemary Allyn
Copyright, lfcU. by MICAS-LINCOLN CO.
CHAPTER VIII. Continued.
Gil being wrapped in his thoughts
and his pipe, I bethought me of the
letter given me by my father. I had
been so busy getting ready and occu
pied with one thing and another that
I had barely read it. It had a great
interest for me. I had placed it in an
envelope, sealed, and marked it with
the word "Private." Then I had put
it carefully away in an inside pocket
of my coat.
Some man possibly he might be
dead v. hen he wrote those few words
on that slip of paper committed as
foul a crime as any in the category of
sins. Should I ever run him down, and
he be living, I would remember my
father and my hand should not fall
lightly. I wondered if perchance there
was anything about the paper over
looked by which the perpetrator might
he discovered. I would take it out
again and examine it more closely
I put my hand into my pocket, which
was a deep one; it was empty, void as
the air. I gasped with astonishment.
Ah! no doubt heedlessly I had
changed it to another pocket. I began
a search for it. No use, it was gone.
I reined up my horse.
Gil came riding Lack.
-What is it?" he asked.
"My God!" I exclaimed, "I have lost
"Letter?" he repeated, and looked
as if he thought me daft. "Why thrash
over the fame ground? If the girl
who stole the paper is not to be found,
and you want the lady for a bride,
why we'll see what force can do."
'Devil take that piece of paper," I
muttered in my distress; "'tis of the
letter given me by my
lather 1 am i
"Ah-h-h!" he said, ami his guttural
utterance was expresshe of many
"It is of the greatest importance,
Gil," 1 said; "in fact, on it hangs the
reason Lord Waters semis nie to l.on
clon. Without it. why I might as well
go hack to Long Haul. Jiv God! I
:n afraid it will he the death of him." t
-Taken in again," muttered GH,
"and by petticoats."
"Wnat do you mean?" I demanded
severely. "This is no time for jok
Ride on and put up at the Golden I
Ah, I see," she
Acorn." he retorted. "See that there
is another horse awaiting for me. I
will be back in five hours."
"I had better go with you; two pairs
of eves are better than one. Anyway,
without the paper I can accomplish
nothing." I returned dolefully.
"No if one isn't enough, two will be
no better." he replied. "I can attend
to the business. If I am not success
ful we can then both go back home.
Be sure the horses are in good condi
tion ready to start upon my return."
So saving he turned his horse's head
and went Lack over the road that we
had just come.
There was an old grandfather's
dock standing in the corner of the tap
room where 1 sat moodily waiting.
When the clock should strike seven
the five hours given Gil by himself for
Hie accomplishing his Irlose
would be up. 1 assure you 1 had no
hope: 1 had carelessly lost the paper
on the way and this time the rain and
the mud had blotted it out of all re
semblance to the thing it had biMn.
I was a discreet person to send upon a
serious mission. I was loading myself
wiih contumely. The clock began to
clang the hour.
I started (although
I had on an average glanced at that
rlrfk overv five minutes since enter
ing the tap room, and looked up fioni
i.i. .,;.. lrv where mv eves nao
been fixed in thought while my ears
were strained for the sound of a
horse's hoofs clattering on the brick
The door opened and showed me Gil
standing in the hallway lighting his
pipe. Gil. in a state little short of de
moralization; clothes half torn from
off him. and a wound in his head from
which the blood f.owed. 1 was too
( rushed to do aught but gaze at him.
His condition certainly did not be
speak success it was impossible that
he could h:ve found it.
He walked over to wher I sat and
hid a paper on the tab'e at my right.
I picked it up. It was .he raper with
out doubt, minus the envelope, perfect
ly drv. onlv a little crumpled.
My elastic nature rebounded at '
once. I jumped up and hugged him.
"You are a jewel of the first water.
Gil." I cried. "Whe-e did you find it?"
Before lie could amwer I added: "But
first before you begin let me look to
that cut. You are hurt."
"Not louch. I left those behind hurt
worse." he answered, dabbing his
wound with a napkin. "It will soon
hval. Yes. 1 found the paper without
much trouble following the clue I had.
You remember at the White Swan,
when Jock brought in your coat
brushed and dried he laid it down on
a chair. In your eagerness to see the
ladies into their 'magenta colored
coach' you did not put it on until you
returned to the room after their de
parture. I also went out. but I came
lack again to see -pretty Alice Lyn
son jump, rather too suspiciously,
quick away from your coat when she
heard me, and color over her pretty
face. When you said that something
was gone. 1 remembered the incident;
and as I had not forgotten the other
mid and the other paper well, wom
',i are great imitators, but poor strate
gists. I ran them down about five
miles from the ir.n. I told her in a
few words, but to the point, to give
up what she had stolen or be taken
back to the constable, who, no doubt,
was quite ready to resume operations
where they had been cut off, and this
time she could come in for her share
since she had winked at a prisoner's
escape. She cried she -My uoa;
these women! they are born to cajole
poor men till they get what they want,
and then the devil may take you for a
"Yes, yes, what then?' I asked im
patiently. "The crying wouldn't down a bit
paper or jail, said I." he continued.
"Then she gave it up and I read her
a lesson on woman, and woman's grat
itude She told me this you must
take it for what it is worth; I believe
no woman. She had been bought by
the enemy. Sir Raoul Dwight. He
knew her, no doubt, as 'pretty Alice
Lynson.' It was for him she was to
get a paper you had hidden on your
person.. Such had been her object
when she left him yesterday, but on
the way to the inn she had fallen in
with the constable, who had just ar
rested her husband, Martin Toms. All
thought of the paper was forgotten in
the greater calamity, until we hap
pened in at the White Swri. She said
that if she had known that we were
going to be so kind ro her she would
not have taken the paper for all the
Raoul Dwights in the world. You un
derstand she said this. I but repeat
her words. She added with more blub
bering that after she left the
inn. instead of keeping to the main
road she had branched off to
Trefiord. where she was to meet
Uaoul Dwight's man. He was waiting
for her. She gave him the paper. He
opened it. and then he damned her tor
a fool and threw it back at her."
"I see. Sir Uaoul Dwight had in
some way learned that we were to go
over this road to London," I said. "He
thought to gain the promise of mar-
i riage. strange no uiun i come ai-vi
' it himself."
1 Gil mused. Presently he said aprop-
os of nothing. "Pretty Alice Lynson"
by uer iniuscreiion paving siarieu iimi
on his favorite theme women:
"Woman is like a sparkling glass of
wine, you feel as though yon eould
never get enough, but God! how heavy
they both pall upon you next day.
Landlord, your bill. Come, let us be
"But you have not told me how you
received that scratch?" I asked him.
A fierceness came over his eye.
"I fell in with the constable's fel
lows." lie replied to the point, "and
they recognized me. They were com
ing from housing tho constable."
"I wish I had been with you," I said.
"It was too one-sided three against
"It was brief. If I trussed them
before. I finished my work by carbon
adoeing them now," he said, and
A World Worn Beauty.
Only one day's journey from Lon
don! A day I felt that for me would
stretch itself out even unto twelve
times its original length before we
should reach our biding place, but.
Go willing. we Sloped to hear tin
bells ol Bow hurch ring out theii
Wo had been In the saddle all night
and I was galled from riding in spite
of the manv w?ys I had of easing mj-
wlf. I was now riding with my legs
hanging over one side as I had seen
j market men do to balance the weight
, ui men nurse-
It was yet early in the morning, the
dew was on the gossamer. Gil be
guiled those last hours of the early
morn with reminiscences of the times
he had had in London, that "hotbed of
The road had been for miles through
a forest tract where the trees were sc i
dense that, although the sun shone i
brightly, splashes of light were seen
only in places. We came out abrupt
ly into the open s51r.ee. So clean cut
was the division, it was as if a giants
knife had separated the woods from
the open country. We wre upon an
elevation and looking down (we could
see. as soon as our eyes became accus
tomed to the g!a-e great lengths of
rolling heath and hi'l. while the taper
ing read wound in ar.d out like the del
icate tracery on a piece of tapestrv.
The boastings were hardly from
his mouth, when he added: "Hasten,
there is trouble ahead!" and put spurs
to his horse.
I knew from his exclamation that
his piercing eos had caught sight of
an object my more obtuse ones had
not yet seen: what I was not long in
finding out going at the pace we were.
We kept to the sides of the road so
that the noise of the horses' feet com
ing on the turf should not be heard.
When we had ridden near enough, we
stopped in the sheltering shade of a
clump of trees. It hid us from view.
To the side of the road a post coach
was standing on the two wheels of
one side. The other two were in the
air loolting woefully out of place. The
ix horses plunged and trembled. At
their heads were masked men high
waymen bold fellows, too, to be
about their business in so open a
spot on the country's face.
"Not the 'Magenta colored coach, "
In the stillness of the atmosphere
we hrd the high clear thread of a
jntr" in voice.
?Ui (x??$ : Jin
"Pray, good sir, go easy," it said.
" 'Tis not so I have heard it said that
gentlemen who take to the road are
wont to treat the gentler sex. They
use them courteously. I assure you."
"Your pardon, Madame,' answered
a deeply musical voice. It came from
the rogue standing by the coach door.
"Allow me. Only one moment shall
I inconvenience you, for which I
again crave pardon."
With that the scamp helped the
lady out of the coach and proceeded
to search it.
"Ah, I see." she said sarcastically,
"you are truly one of those gallant
ones who lighten the purses of way
farers." "By my faith," said he, "some need
"That's as it may be," she retorted.
"Men must take the chances of war.
I care only where it affects myself.
Now if you would imitate that world
renowned highwayman, Claude Duval,
you would request the honor of a
dance on the green, and in pay
ment" She gave a suggestive, shrug
and wave of her hand. Then she lift
ed her dress in one hand to show her
feet, and most wantonly took a few
steps in the minuet. Her manner
(To be continued.)
THE ROLL IN THE ROLL.
True Use of the Pompadour Disclosed
in a Railroad Dining Car.
"We live to learn," said the travel
ing man. "For the past four or five
years I have admired the pompadour
stjle of dressing woman's hair; but
until recently it had never occurred
to me that this mode of arranging
the locks might possess practical
utility as well.
"I was in the diner of a train about
an hour out of Chicago when I per
ceived a particularly stylish brunette
.vith a girl friend sitting at the table
-'ust ahead of me. What especially
caught my eye was the mass of beau
tiful hair piled up on that girl's head.
"While the arrangement of it was
entirely becoming to the comely
oung woman, yet I'll venture to say
that her pompadour rose to the heigtt
of some eight inches fiom the for
"The two young women had abotft
finished their dinner when I enterott
the car and were fumbling in theil
purses for the wherewithal to pay for
the meal. Between them they mas
aged to rake up some 06 cents.
" -Well,' observed the stunning
brunette with the big pompadour, 'it
looks like I shall have to go into my
"And v.i:h that the glorious creature
calmly removed her ha, ran her fin
gers through the nia.s of dusky hair
and fish'-d out a bundle of money.
"Tl-oie." ?!i" exclaimed when the
operation had beta ctAipleted. 'I have
U. I always carry my money in my
:rr v. hen I'm traveling. It's so muoi
afer than any other way.'"
PRISONERS CAGED IN COURT.
!n Italy Criminals on Trial Are Ci&se
To the foreigner and especially the
Ittiian the air of peace which prevails
in an American criminal court of jns
tiee a strange study, says a Detroit
News-Tribune correspondent, and the
absence of bolts and bars and armed
men arouses his wonder and surprise.
Kxcept for a policeman or two. the
t)rioner is unguarded and sits beside
his attorney with no mere apparent re
straint than though he was merely a
defendant in a little action for debt.
In Italy it is very different, for at a
trial at assizes the prisoners are
placed in cages from which escape is
In American courts three or four
prisoners are often seen together, and
no bars or bolts are necessary to keep
them within the bounds of court de
corum. But in Italian courts the hot
temperaments of the prisoners require
the restraints of gendarmes, rifles and
iron bars, for not infrequently they are
desperate men, who would not hesi
tate to make a bold fight for liberty or
visit death upon their accusers.
Grandmother's Bouquet Holder.
A girl was rummaging through an
old treasure box of her mother's, and
she came across a sort of cup of
filigree silver, attached to two silver
chains, the longest of which ended in
a ring, the other in a long silver pin.
The girl had never seen its like and
rhe carried it to her mother, curious
to know its uses. "Dear me." ex
claimed her mother, "I haven't seen
that thing for years. It was my
bouquet holder in the days when I
went to parties. Where did you come
The bouquet holder belonged to the
c n of "made-up" nosegays, stiff, hard
and about as ungraceful as a collec
tion of anything so beautiful as ilow
i.rc frmiii ,(- inrtiired into. The girls
o! the present day who know only the
sheaves of superb cut flowers and the
bunches of smaller single blooms, like
ielets. sweet peas, lillies of the val
le and the like, would look with puz
zled wonder on the collection of
camellias, japonicas. heliotrope, mig
nonette. Bon Siiene roses, tuberoses
?nd smilax. tied up compactly, after
having their stems cut off and wire
nems substituted, and then put into
an elaborate petticoat of paper lace,
which her mother used to carry to
r.arties or the theater.
Fishermen's Clocks Always Fast.
The commissioners who are holding
the board ot trade inquiry at Hull have
been much puzzled to ascertain the ex
act Greenwich time of the happenings
on the Dogger Bank. The fishermen
who have been called have confusing
ly spoken of "the time" and "the right
The explanation is a peculiar one.
The clocks on the fishing trawlers are
timed one hour in advance of Green
wich, and the reason for this is that
the trawlers may always take their
catch of fish in good time to the
"mark" boat, so that the carriers
which ply between the mark boat (or
receiving boat) and Hull may not !e
l?te for the markets.
The managing director of the Game
ccrk fltet was questioned about it.
"Surel." he was asked, "if the fisher
men know thr.t their clocks are fast
there is nothing gained by the prac
tice. ' Mr. Beching replied that it
was an old custom, and only those who
fully understood the fishermen could
understand its influence. Westmin
Gotham's Child Labor Evils.
Robert Hunter, the wealthy head
worker of the university settlement in
New York city, declares that despite
the child labor law, and undetected by
the labor inspectors, there is one fac
tory in which are at work 300 children
under 14 years ot age. In another
factory, he adds, one boy 9 years of
age was employed; his sister, at the
age of 7, and a younger brother, 4
yar old. earnine 19 cents a day. In
ano h,T' place a girl of 3 was at work.
IMr. Wrags invites con muuuu
ragR '"" "". " !,! ,1-
anv new ideas mai n.- ------ .
rartment may wish to present, and
Would be plea! to "?wcr .1" ",l 1",
ai.i.- iAt2itni7 mini maiiuu -"- --. ,
. . r-b 1111 Villi llL
discussed. Address M. J. raj
Block. Des Moines. Iowa.
ciiii v. - - .
CHEMISTRY OF SOIL6.
The secretary of agriculture an
nounces that the bureau of soils has
just finished an exhaustive investiga
tion of the chemistry of soils as re
lated to the yield of crops. The re
sults indicate that practically all soils
have sufficient available plant food for
normal crop yields, and that this sup
t&v is constantly maintained through
natural agencies in the soils dissolv
ing the material of the soil grains. The
difference in yield is dependent upon
the condition and kind of cultivation
and rotation of crops maintaining cer
tain necessary physical conditions in
the soil, under which the plant ioou
can be used by the crop. A bulletin
has just gone to press giving the de
tails of the investigation, and dis
cussing the influence of climate, tex
ture of soil, rotation, fertilizers, and
soil management upon the yield of
crops. The work is based upon an
alyses by new and exceedingly sensi
tive methods, by which the amount of
plant food in the soil moisture itself,
which is the great nutritive solution
for the support of crops, has been de
termined, and not by digesting the
soils in acids which attack the inert
mineral matter of the soils. While
the conclusions appear to be in con
flict with the opinions held for so
many years by agricultural chamists.
they" are in strict conformity with the
experience of good farmers in all
ccirtries. and with actual tacts which
have long been established by agri
cultural chemists. The fertility of the
soil is thus shown to be due to physi
cal causes which control the supply of
water and plant food which it contains,
a.s the soil moisture in all cases ap
pears to be about the same in compo
sition and concentration. The fertil
ity is therefore controlled by a physi
crl eause. and a chemical examination
of oil can not be expected to iudi
cite the yield of a crop. It is believed
that a simple phs'cal method will be
devised for determining the relative
fertility of soils.
Now is a good time to get on inti
mate terms with the young heifer, that
is to become a milk cow in the spring.
It is a good plan to tie her up occa
sionally so as to get used to the halter
and stanchion. Kindness and the
proper handling of this kind never
proves disappointing, and is time well
All over the middle West the report
comes to us that there is a great
awakening among the farmers at the
institutes held so far this winter. In
every institute that we have attend
ed they have been pronounced the
best that were ever held; and as the
institute is becoming better known in
its workings, and covering a wider
field, the results will be much greater
than in the past. The farmers just
now are discussing practical ques
tions, such as farm drainage, rotating:
of crops, soil fertility, road making,
corn breeding, etc. In fact the farm
ers are beginning to awaken to the
fact that tiiey are the people, and it
is in their hands that the great im
provement along these lines is to be
made. Theory is all right, science is
all right, and when the two are com
bined with good horse sense and a lit
tle tmsh, together with our rich soil,
it is not easy to realize what the re
sult may be.
Winter wheat does not look well
through the middle West. The fall
was too dry, and we have had but lit
tle snow, which leaves the ground ex
posed, which is not conducive to good
results, and again the Hessian fly got
in his work in some sections. Taking
it all in all, the outlook is not bright.
HAVE THE NESTS NICE.
To Jeep hens cheerful and have
them lay well in winter, clean, soft
nests of warm hay or straw, placed
where they will be protected trom
cold winds, snow and rain, should be
provided for them. They should be
cleanell out occasionally and fresh
hay put in. and when an egg is found
broken it should be removed at once,
for. aside from the fact that the more
enterprising layers might out of curi
osity taste of it and thus acquire the
hateful egg-eating habit, 'a single
broken egg in a nest will soon cause
millions of lice, which, once they have
secured a foothold, are not to be ex
pelled without more or less heroic
treatment. It is advisable to have
either tobacco dust or earth saturated
with carbolic acid convenient for scat
tering in the nests when they are
The pig must be warm and dry. If
possible give him a sleeping room
where he can make his nest separate
from the feeding room. Then it will
be undisturbed and he will take pains
to keep it clean.
STIMULATING FOOD FOR HENS.
We do not believe in feeding hens
with stimulating food so as to make
them lay through the cold weather
during the dead of winter. If you have
not got a warm henhouse, where they
will lay on a good egg-producing ra
tion, we would not use these means to
make the hens productive. As a rule
the natural results of any stimulant
are bad. Even if you do get eggs dur
ing co'.d weather, next spring when
vour hens ought to be giving plenty
of eggs, and your neighbors are reap
ing their reward, you will find your
hens in an exhausted condition. It
does not pay to overwork the hens.
Give them warm quarters, good feed,
and the hen will look after the rest.
Nagging will destroy the comfort
and peace of any home; but the wom
an who never asserts herself loses her
influence among her friends and rela
tives. There is a certain amount of
consideration and respect which she
should demand from those about her,
nut she must first earn it by tact and
timeliness in the rebukes she is forced
FARMERS FINDING THEIR PROP
Surely the American farmer at the
beginning of 1905 finds himself near
er his proper place than ever before
as a recognized, active factor in help
ing to shape the destiny of his coun
try socially, educationally and politi
cally, as well as materially. This
rapid advancement In recent years of
the once too passive, "man-with-the-hoe"-like
tillers of the soil, occasion
ally electrified by politicians to get
their votes and other schemers to get
their money, is due to several causes
working in unison, and probably the
most effective of these is the agricul
tural press, which.twhile widening and
deepening its range of thought, man
ages to furnish its patrons more and
better reading cheaper than ever be
fore. Experiment stations are doing
a work of much value to the farmers;
and this work is being constantly im
proved and more generally recognized
and appreciated. We should have
more of them for some experimental
work one in each county. Agricul
tural colleges seem to have found out
their true mission, ami are finding
means for fulfilling that mission in a
way that will make agriculture in all
its branches a fascinating and profit
able study, enlisting the brightest
minds in a vocation both satisfying
The grange, too, lias found its true
mission, and is now recognized as a
national as well as a local factor in
bettering the farmers' condition in
The Farmers' institute, as conduct
ed in several states, sheds its invig
orating and elevating light in the
pathway of many farmers whose views
can only be broadened in this way.
We believe in reciprocity on the
faini. and this time of the year it is
the custom in our neighborhood, and
a rood one. we believe, for the farm
ers to kill their own beeves and sell
it out among their neighbors, it is
much nicer for neighbor A to kill a
beef and divide up among his few
neighbors and then have neighbor
Ii when this is gone to do the same,
and so on through the neighborhood.
What is the use of us farmers selling
our fat heifer., and steers to the butch
er and then when we want a pound
of steak or a roast buying it back at
GROWING SVEET POTATOES.
What we have to say about grow
ing sweet potatoes is not from our
own experience, for sweet potatoes
seem never to want to grow for us.
They either grow all to long roots
or all to vines whenever we plant
them, so, as Artemus Ward would
say. sweet potato growing is not our
But a neighbor says he has been
able to. raise "dead loads of them"
si'ice adopting a new plan, and here
He lists the ground out in the spring
with his lister, scatters well rotted
manure in the ditches, then "busts the
ridges," planting on the newly made
ridge, which is above the manure that
was put in the first ditch. He claims
to have raised the biggest sweet po
tatoes in the country this way. and
we know him to be a man who does
not tell anything without being able
to some time produce. the goods. It
we had happened over to his place last
summer we know we would have
found his sweet potatoes as large as
The small farmer can take a lesson
from the fact that most failures are
due to three things: First, not giving
the stock comfortable winter quarters.
V.armth saves feed, while exposure
lessens the products. Second, in not
rotating crops. To plant wheat after
wheat, oats after oats, corn after
corn, soon exhausts the land and
gives it a full crop of weeds. Third,
in raising crops of weeds. There
must be a constant fight against these
enemies of successful farming.
For the best pork we must have
the healthiest system, consequently
the plan of feeding that is most con
ducive to perfect health makes the
best pork. A variety of food not only
aids in maintaining better health, but
supplies the elements of nutrition in
better proportions to secure a better
quality of meat.
A fault with many in caring for
sows with their first litter is that a
great effort is made to get all possi
ble out of the pigs, forgetting that in
the treatment of the mother at this
time her future usefulness is largely
determined. Proper feeding and care
will lay the foundation for future use
fulness, while indifferent treatment
will render her almost worthless.
Exercise in the open air produces
brisk circulation and stimulates res
piration, and materially aids the ani
mal in combating cold and disease. It
furthermore aids digestion and ren
ders all organs more able to perform
HAULING SHOCK CORN.
Say, you fellow that was out the
other morning after the blizzard with
your scoop shovel shoveling out your
shock corn, would it not have been
much better for you had you taken
your neighbors' advice and always
had a few loads hauled in to bridge
over a wet day or such a snow storm
as we had? It is certainly a hand-to-mouth
policy to feed this way. and it
is certainly hard on either the hired
man or you to be out in the cold and
storm when it could have been avoid
ed bj a little head work.
Secretary Wilson does not stop with
statistics, in his annual report. He
gives standards of purity for foods,
both natural and manufactured. Much
attention by his scientific experts has
been given to milk and its products.
Standards for these and for meats,
vegetables and manufactured foods
Be sure that the bedding under the
cows is all shaken up every day and
made even. Never allow them to lie
on damp boards.
THE REFINEMENTS OF SHEEP
The hog will eat corn in filth, knee
deep, and cattle gather living from
muddy stalk fields, but the sheep asks
for clean food in clean yards. No
farm animal has such strong likes and
dislikes, and we must cater to its
tastes if we expect it to do its best
The sheep will not touch hay that
other stock have nosed over. They
must eat first at the table or not at
all. We throw the refuse from the
sheep racks to the cattle, but it
would be useless to throw the stubs
left in the cattle mangers to the
sheep. So with corn and oats; they
like them none the better if the rats
have played, or the sparrows roosted
above the feed bins.
Sheep dislike to have their hay
racks used for hen roosts. In these
days of pure food laws, one of the
children should be appointed a special
deputy to see that such transgressors
are promptly put in the chicken
house. Mud is another of the sheep's
dislikes. Had they their choice, they
would take ladylike care of their gold
en slippers. A flock has been seen
to stand half an hour studying wheth
er or not to cross a muddy road.
Sheep like pure water, several de
grees warmer than they find in the
brook. These are the reasons that
they hunt the springs and close up to
where it bubbles out ; or cross the
run to drink in the barn, where pure
water is provided and warmed several
degrees by passing through the under
ground pipes. These may be consid
ered the niceties of sheep husbandry.
You cannot say to the sheep. "Eat
what is set before you. ask no ques
tions." They want clean service, pure
food and pure diink. with blossoms
for dessert. It pays to give them
what they want.
Too many shoats should not be
lept in the same pen. Five or six
may do well together, but these must
be selected for equality of size and
strength Considerably larger num
bers will do well together in yards,
with sleeping pens adjoining, in fall
and early winter. But ample trough
100111 must be provided, and even dis
tribution of tVod effected, unle.-s part
will get all the food and others suf
fer. The smaller and weaker mem
bers in this case must be removed to
quarters by themselves.
ESTABLISHING A HOG PASTURE.
The following communication has
been received from one of our reac"
ers in Illinois: "I am a gardener op
erating only a small farm. I Sceep a
few hogs at present. 1 have no hog
pasture, but in the spring would like
to seed down about four or five acres,
so as to have range for the sow and
pigs. What kind of grass would you
sow so as to get the best lesults?"
If it is the intention of our inquirer
to grow a crop of small grain and
take it from the ground before pastur
ing we know of nothing better than
oats. We should sow clover, a little
timothy and two bushels of oats to the
acre in the spring. Prepare the seed
bed well, and sow the clover after the
ground has been harrowed twice and
the oats fairly well in. We use about
five pounds of timothy and eight
pounds of clover. This is a very good
pro'Hirtion to get good results. We
think it would be best for early pas
ture for hogs to sow some oats thin
and rape seed. This will give you
early pasture, and will carry you over
the time from early summer until
your other oats crop is harvested. As
peas make a very good hog feed, we
would advise the sowing of two pecks
of peas with the rape.
A few days ago two farmers came
to town and both brought butter for
sale. One of the farmers had his
product pressed into neat, compact,
half-pound packages, and he readily
sold it at "3 cents a pound. He said
that he could not meet the demand
for his butter. The other had his but
ter in a bucket, and it looked soft and
watery. Alter tramping around town
from place to place trying to sell he
gave up in disgust and said it was
no use to bring butter to town to sell,
as nobody would buy it.
TREES SHAPED BY THE VIND.
The effect of wind upon trees is
powerful. Even the presence or ab
sence of forests may be determined
by the character of the prevailing
wind or the conditions that modify it.
The wind acts as a drying agent, giving
a special aspect to many plants. When
it is almost always from the same
quarter the plants show greater de
velopment upon one side. Trees re
cmaller on the windward edges of
forest's, and trunks and branches are
!ent to leeward. The deformations
are most marked near the sea or in
flat regions. The cherry, plum, wal
nut, black poplar, ash ar.d certain
pines are very sensitive to the wind,
but mountain pines and certain firs
offer great powers of resistance, and
these are recommended for reforesting
The man with a sharp, bright hoe
does a third more than the man with
a dull, rusty one. It is so with all
kinds of tools. It is so with human
nature thrc sunshiny, pleasant, jovial
fellow always accomplishes more than
the glum, surly one.
A WORD TO THE INDOLENT.
A man should never invest in pure
bred stock at all unless lie proposes
to take care of it. Sound specimens
of the improved varieties do not re
quire any coddling or pampering, but
they must have those common crea
ture comforts that leave animals
enough vitality to produce something
besides mere bodily warmth. Them
is no money to be coined out of the
manufacture of animal heat alone.
The revenues are derived from added
flesh and weight. Those who will not
take proper care of good breed Iiir
stock .should leave the bundling ot it
to those who will do it.
A well fed, well cared for cow not
only pays back every penny laid out
on her, but she pays you a good profit
in hard cash every week of her lift.
Battle Creek! What memories that
name conjures up memories of other
days even the pioneer days, when the
redmen of the northern lake region
bent the bow and smeared their faces
with keal braided their flowing locks
with feathers of the porcupine and
wild eagle, that they might appear
more wild, if possible, than before.
And as they painted the cheeks and
braided the hair, the squaw-women
sharpened the flint arrow heads and
shaped new bows, that their lords
might do battle to the death with
And here at Battle Creek, way up
in Michigan, a great battle one day
did occur, and when it was over, and
the sun kissed the range to the far
west, the tom-toms were muffled and
the squaw-women wrapped their heads
in varicolored blanKets and wept, for
with the going down of the sun, many
braves passed to the proverbial happy
But that was many, many moons
ago. as the -Indians measure time, and
a new era has long since dawned.
True, it Is "Battle Creek" to-day, just
as it was decades ago, but, instead of
the cry of the savage, is heard the
hum of industry; the throb of life;
the greeting of men and women of
the Anglo Saxon race the shouts of
happy boys and girls, who know of
Battle Creek's former history only
by tradition. And here on the site
of the famous battle between the red
men stands now one of the fairest
cities of the great Northwest; a city
sought out among thousands, for in it
dwell, month after month, as the
years come and go. men and women
who find within the charmed circle
that which they have long sought else
When one speaks of health, the
mind naturally wings itself to Battle
Creek, for up there health is to be
found as at few other places on earth.
Forty years ago there began in Bat
tle Creek a leturn to nature move
ment, with purposes and pricinples in
many respects similar to those which
leu to the famous "Brook Farm Exper
iment"' twenty years before and to the
Grahamite movement of that period.
This movement, while religious, was
aowedly non-sectaiian. and was in a
broad sense philanthropic, altruistic
and reformatory. The immediate re
sults were the establishment of a
monthly journal now known n"s Good
Health and shortly afterwards the
erection of a health institution called
The Health Reform Institute." The
chief features of the institute at this
early period were diet reform, dress
leform and the use of water as a cura
!n l67t" the present management
trok charge "of the institution and with
the consent and co-operation of the
Board of Directors (the institution
having been incorporated ten years
before), a thorough reorganization was
effected. Broader plans were intro
duced, the methods of treatment were
placed upon a substantial and thor
oughly scientific foundation, and the
name was changed to the Battle Creek
Sanitarium. Since this time the
growth of th3 institution has been con
stant and rapid.
From year to year accommoda
tions for patients and facilities for
treatments were enlarged to meet
the increasing patronage until Feb
ruary. 1902, when a great fire swept
away the two principal build
ings of the establishment. The erec
tion of a new building was speedily
begun, and the following year. May SI.
190I5, the present fireproof main build
ing, erected at a cost of more than
$000,000, was dedicated. The cost of
the entire establishment, including
equipment, twenty dormitories, cot
tages and other buildings has amount
ed" to more than 1.200,000.
The Battle Creek Sanitarium as it
stands to-day is recognized the world
oer as the most complete and thor
oughly equipped establishment of its
sort and the headquarters for physio
logic therapeutics or natural methods.
Connected with the Sanitarium is a
Training School for Nurses, in which
from two to three hundred nurses are
constantly under training.
These principles and methods have
penetrated to the remotest parts of
the civilized world, and scores of men
and women who have been trained in
these methods are devoting their lives
to medical missionary work in heathen
The Battle Creek Sanitarium may be
regarded as an epitome of the "return-to-nature"
idea in practical operation.
Its success in the restoration of sick
people to health brings to it annually
many thousands ot men and women,
many of whom have been pronounced
incurable, bur who. nevertheless, with
rare exceptions, return a lew months
later to their homes prepared to enter
again upon the battle of life.
There are many sanitariums in the
world, but few. if any. that are con
ducted on the same plane a.s that at
Battle Creek. This haven of rest and
health is in no sense a money-mak
ing scheme, and every cent that is
made from patients who are able to
pay for their accommodations is used
to help those who have nothing but
broken health. All over this country,
and even beyond the seas branch in
stitutions are springing up- creepers
from the mother plant at Battle
Creek. One point in view is down on
State street, in the center of the me
tropolis oT the Middle West. Chicago,
when hundreds of the city's poor are
cared for a.s tenderly as if in the par
ent institution at Battle Creek.
In a few brief paragraphs one can
tell but little of the good work of the
Battle Creek Sanitarium, but a postal
card will bring pamphlets that will
tell all all except the knowledge ob
tained by actual experience, and that
experience must be had at Battle
Curtails Opium Smoking.
Japan's official control of the use of
opium in Formosa is a success, its
import into that island fell from $769,
110 in 1902 to $r,94,09r in 1903. a de
crease of $17..00-L The price is fixed
by the government, and selling agents
are only allowed a profit of 1 . per
cent. Since late in 1900 the number
of opium smokers in Formosa has de
creased by about a thousand a month.
Each opium smoker has to be regis
tered. Public opinion as well as the
law is against its use.
Curiosity of Congo Valley.
A part of the southern valley of
the Congo is rather curious, as there
is vegetaSde growth on only one side
of the range of hills hounding it. The
fog.s from the river blow over one
sitle of the bills every morning, but
no moisture reaches the other side.
The natives seem to think that there
is some deep religious meaning to
this, antl some of them shave their
heads on ono sitle and let the hair
grow on the other so that they can
be like the bills.
Creek to be. appreciated to it. f..j
This institution at Battle Creek a
not built up in a day it took a
of toil to reach the perfected sa-.-.
and the work has but hegnn the cra'
work is to come from rising genera
tions who are imbibing ideas from th
Battle Creek tome, and what it stands
For Three Decades.
For more than three decades trie?
present institution has been t
center of a wonderful educa
tional, philanthropic and reform
movement which has finally cuht:i
ated in success Undreamed of a few
years ago. and in this connection a
brief history is most opportune la
February. 1902. the two main buildics
of the Sanitarium were destroyed lv
fire. For a short time the days w
dark for those who had worked so
hard to build it up. But strong heart
are not to be awed by misfortune
and a new building sprung from the
ashes upon the old site.
The dedication took place May 31
and June 1. 190'J. An elaborate p'
gram was carried out and many rwn
of national reputation made speeches
and highly complimented the manager
and their co-workers on their gooI
work. Invitations were sent to all
patients, rich and poor, who had ever
been at the Sanitarium. Many r
sponded in person, and hundreds .ni
letters of regret.
One of the prettiest sights in con
nection with the whole event was h
procession of nurses and matn n.
which formed on the college gro:nJ.
opposite the new Sanitarium build r
and marched through the audtenrt
, reserved seats at the right and I -
of the speakers' stand. The ma'r. '.
in their usual cream white um? rr.
the nurses in blue and white, and -.
gentlemen nurses clad in new wl .'
duck suits presented a sight w
moved the audience to one simu r
eous burst oft applause
As before stated there are rrar
sanitariums in the world, but re.
just like that at Battle Creek, i: 1- .1..:
i the first of tne kind, so far a.- kunw-
where an attempt has been mud . ar
crowned with success, to bring 1 1
gether in one place and under ol
management all rational h 1 r
agencies, giving special prom-mi
to those physiological or natural he-
mg agents the scientific Know sens:
which has been chiefly devthr
within the last c-nttiry, e-pc . 1 ''
! hyp:otherapy. electrotherapy, n
sage, uxercise. diet, sunlight nur .
and moral influences, rest, :nd Af"
eral health culture.
Of course the first thing to be ta .
into consideration was the con ''
tiori of she building to be ocC'ip
for much depended upon that. B-'
after it had been discussed pr-j .i. I
con a plan entirely satifactor j"
adopted and the structure :o-day play
no small part in the healing proces
that goes on from day to day a
A Return to Nature Movement.
The philosophy of the Battle Crec .
Sanitarium may be defined as the rt-turn-to-nature
idea. The doctors teach
the use of natural foods, natural I.i'l.
the use of natural agents in the treat
ment ot disease. A great amount ot
attention is given to dietetics. Fruit-,
nuts and nut preparations, cereal foot -
and easily digestible vegetables art
the basis for tilt delicious menu,
which are daily served in the gr-a
Sanitarium dining room, at which s
down hundreds of intelligent men an '
women from all parts of the Unite .
States and een from foreign con:
tries. Milk, eggs and other dairy pro
nets are also freely used. Great car
is taken to piovide the very best ar. I
choicest of everything edible, of whirl
the physicians approve.
During the year which has Ju'
closed a vast amount of these thin'-:-were
required to provide for the arn.j
of patients who visited tin sanitanun .
for several thousand sufferors houst J
there during the twelve months t
1904. A.s to the expense for the pa-:
year it was considerable, amounting ' -a
total of I327.1S9.99. divided as to.
lows: Nut foods. SO tons. $2'.7!S..s
cereal foods. 101,994 pounds. $9.."i2I 19
bread. Go.02" pounds. $2,657.43; canm ..
goods. 3.99 cases. ?10.5fl'.f5: iril'
juices, etc.. made on the place. 114.
gallons. $2,030.90; fresh fr::i. "7
bushels. $10.20.46; vegetable. 7V
bushels! $3.t'9.i.20; sundry gro r
items. 41.55S pounds. $3,39t;.3S: i-
2.".31 dozen. $fi.7S9.Tn; butter, ma.
on the place. 29.961 pound. $5.ir -cream.
r.S.67S quarts. $10,323.70; m "
.17.366 quarts. $1.692.1.1; coal. .17 "
tons. $2(Uo0.i:i: labor, $213,"i5.: "
The amount of charity tLspe:
during the past ten years ar ; "
sanitarium amounted to $"Sl.t
To caie for the patients an average -72.1
men anil women were emp'ov
'luring each year, ami an average
.I.I11 patients are under treatment :
this sanitarium every day in the jtar
We have given our readers onI
brief glance at the workings of. tl. -unique
establishment. Another articT."
would be required to give somethin
of the details of the daily routine 01 a
guest at the Sanitarium, and of th
methods which have given to thi. r -stitution
its world-wide reputation as a
Mecca for sick folks.
Must Marry to Get Prize.
An artillery volunteer won rcceutJy
at a shooting match at Blackpool"
England, a prize consisting of a wed
ding ring, gratuitous marriage cere
mony. a wedding equipage, a polished
cradle, ami a bassinet. But he mu"
marry within twelve months to ge'
To Ward Off Disease.
Among the peasantry of Hoxburq'
shire (Scotland) women who are nm
ing babies wear round vheir nee
small cords of blue wool. These. . .
never removed, day or night, until t?
chilli is weaned. By taking this 1 -caution
they imagine- that they in
gtxtl health both to themselves ,i
their offspring during that critical ;
riod. The cords are handed t!i i'
from mother to daughter anil are
teemed in proportion to their ar
Monkeys to Pick Prune Crop.
A proposition to train monkejs
pick the prune crop has been :."
vaneed by Martin V. Seeley, an or.
artiist of San Jose, Cal. He en
ceiveti the idea of training the :i
mals to tlo such work while a reid r
of Central America. Seeley says h
has made arrangements with A. U
Jancs of Acapulco. Panama, for "
native tame monkeys. Gettiug- tl
prunes off the ground has been t
problem because of the scarcity
Powered by Open ONI