Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1904)
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HILL TO QUIT POLITICS.
' ' Kevt York Senator Gives Formal
Notice of Withdrawal.
;"' Dai id Bennett Hill is lighting in the
--.'! jtofitical campaign i which he
'-"over will ugage. On tin eve of his
..aixl birthilay he announced his in
. ---font:un of retiring from inditics Jan.
"I. lo"". refsardie.s of the lesult "f the
'motional or state election.
; . With the passing of Hill goes, the
.- jdeisliijvpt the Democratic party in
-".Now York" state.' which has been hold
ovbini for a score of ears. Not only
:wiH he relinquish the active leader
ship, but he declares that in the event
5 Vf Democratic success this fall he
will-not accept any position under the
national or state administration, nor
wili lie again be a candidate for any
Mr., Hill has been one of the power
ful factors in the national councils
rf the Democratic party for fifteen
--'year. His personality has been felt
in all the national conventions of re
- cent years, never more than in the
Oavtd Bennett Hill.
mof-t recent. He has made politics
his life study, starting as city attor
ney of Klmira in young manhood, and
being In turn alderman, mayor, mem
tr ol the state legislature, lieuten
ant governor, governor for seven
years, and United Stales senator Tor
sx. years. He was the choice of the
Tammany element of the New York
delegation in the national convention
of 1S0J for the nomination for presi
dent. ELECTRIC AIDS IN FARMING.
Agriculturists of the Future Will De
pend Largely on the Current.
Snentitic men who are calling at
tentat: to the great benefits of elec-tro-rulture
! the farmer of the fu
ture will he a highly skilled electri
cian, u ho-from a .-cntral switchboard
at IiIh farm will direct the germina
tion and growth of cabbages, carrots,
imtatots and oilier crops. Xo longer
:m ignorant laborer or mere machine
dependent niHiii the weather, but, like
dtf engine driver, regulating the sup
ply ni energy in the lorm of 'electric
current according to certain deter
mined rules, the agriculturist will take
his place with the other large users
tf t'lecirjcity under modern conditions.
This Is the pro.spvt held out by a
Helgian scientist. Prof. Gnarini, who
.hay recently been delivering a course
fd lectures under government aus
pices at the agricultural institute of
UemWov.x, on the relation of elec
tricity to plant life, which he states
1s an electrical phenomenon that can
lc regulated at will.
According to I'rof. tiimriui the at
fUf'phcr:c electricity is essential to
irianl growth and it is not electricity
that can be suhctitnrcd for light in
. fcrtaiti cuc. in the accomplishment
d ttnr Junction or chIorophl. which
us in tin: denn:ixisition of carlMinic
acid and waT. but the light of the
Sun rr of eleclrieity arc lamps, with
the accompanying" electric radiation,
that, may fake the place of purely
GETS FORECAST BY 'PHONE
Farmers to Receive Daily Hints on
the Weather by Wire.
-: Farmers and business men in west-
" ern Pennsylvania. West Virginia and
.eastern Ohio will receive the weather
.forecast by telephone hereafter. Fore-
. caster Frank Ridgway of the Pitts-
hurg office has, with the consent of
the Washington bureau, arranged with
the two local telephone companies to
send out the forecast over their lines
to anyone who desires it.
Bells will ring simultaneously n
the ntorning in hundreds of little
towns and villages and through the
farming districts and the sweet voice
of the telephone girl will be heard
with the current forecast.
The experiment is being watched
fr.-m Washington and if It proves
popular and successful it will be intro
duced all over the country. The idea
emanated from the brain of Forecas
ter Ridgway. who secured the consent
ot Prot. Willis L. Moore for the trial.
When Bret Harte Taught School.
Old-timers boast that Bret Harte
once taught school at Tuttletown. Cal..
and in that way acquired knowledge
of the localities in the vicinity that
he afterward worked into his writings.
Mark Twain clerked in the only store
in the town at the same time. The
town itself is a small village nestling
at the foot of Jackass hill, the latter
eing a veritable quarry of gold. Near
ly all of this hill is owned by James
(lillis. the original "Truthful .lame."
and is covered by parties working
small pocket mines "on shares."
Sculptor Has Won Honors.
James Wilson Alexander MacDon
ald, the venerable sculptor in whose
honor a reception has just been held
in New York city, can look rack on
sixty years spent in his chosen pro
fession. Mr. MacDonald. now SO
years old. has lived to see sculpture
flourish in this country as never be
fore, no small portion of its progress
being due to his efforts. He is a na
tive of Ohio. It is just half a century
since his bust of Thomas Benton
brought him into the world's notice.
Swedish Explorer Honored.
Hven Hadin, the Swedish explorer,
has heen. honored with the medal of
the American Geographical society.
Few men in the history of mankind
more thoroughly deserved that dis
tinction. He knows the great desert
of central Asia more thoroughly than
any other man who ever lived.
Sir George Clarke.
Sir George Lydenham Clarice, secre
tary of the British defense commit
tee, has been governor of Victoria and
Hied many foreign missions.
EX-SULTAN OF TURKEY DEAD.
Unhappy Life of Murad V Comes to
End at Constantinople.
Sultan Murad V. modem Turkey's
man of mjstery. died last week and
was buried with scant ceremonj.
hi .May. 1ST!", when there was smol
dering reiolutiou in Turkey "proper
and open rebellion in Servia. Bulgaria,
and Montenegro. Abdul-Azi.. sultan ot
Turkey, was dethroned. The sultan
was visited by his ministers and high
dignitaries, and informed that it was
the will of God tnat he be deposed.
He wa.- deK)sed. and a month later
v.as found dead in the palace to which
he had been assigned as a prisoner.
He was succeeded by Murad V. who.
distracted by the quarrels of Midhat
P.isha and other reformers with the
conservatives in the council, was
seized with melancholy and declined
to assume the responsibilities of gov
ernment. Meantime lebellion was rampant in
all the Turkish provinces. Constanti
nople itself was in a ferment. The Eu
roiiean iower.s were clamoring that
the porte should fulfill its obligations,
and the governing council again re
sorted to deposition.
The ministers called in some of the
most celebrated physicians in Europe,
called in representatives of the Mo
hammedan hierarchy, and Murad was
pronounced insane, and Abdul-Hamid,
a younger brother of Murad, was de
clared regent, or sultan.,
The reform iiarty, it was reported at
the time, consented to the change on
the theory that Abdul-Hamid should be
really regent, and that when Murad re
covered his mental equilibrium he
should lie restored to the throne. Abdul-Hamid.
however, informed all par
tics that he would be sultan in fact,
and he socn became the real head of
Midhat Pasha carried on his quarrel
with his rivals in the cabinet, and
succeeded for a time in banishing
them from power. Later he was him
seir banished, and the two factions to
this quarrel, which had led to the de
posing of Abdul-Azi.. found that Abdul-Hamid
was to be counted on in
every step taken by the Turkish gov
ernment. Meantime sight was lost of Murad,
and for nearly thirty years his fate has
been a mystery. It was reported at
one time that he was dead, and that
for reasons of state the fact was con
cealed. It was reported again that he
was very sick, that he was well cared
for. but that he could not recover.
At last the mystery is solved. Mu
rad. who. it is said, held the promise
Sultan Murad V.
of Abdul-Hamid to leave tne throne
wl.en Muntd should recover his health,
is out of the way. While he lan
guished in a sanitarium that was a
prison, his younger brother has be
come one of the most iiowerful of the
sultans who have ruled in Turkey in
the last fifty years.
RICH MAN LITTLE KNOWN.
Wealthy Citizen of Philadelphia Has
Just Passed Away.
There are some very rich men
whose names never become familiar
to the public, and one of them was
William Weightmau, who died at Phil
adelphia last week in his 91st year.
He was a native ol England and went
to Philadelphia when It years old to
enter the chemical manufacturing
business started there by a relative.
Eventually this establishment, under
the name of Powers & Weight man.
became the largest manufacturer of
chemicals in the world. It is said that
for fifteen years prior to the death of
Mr. Powers each partner took $G00.0U0
a year out of the business. Mr.
Weightmau invested most of his
money in Philadelphia real estate
and ltecame the largest taxpayer in
Offended Chinese Empress.
The empress dowager of China, ac
cording to the Shanghai Times, is
highly offended with the wife and
daughters of Yu Keng. late Chinese
minister at Paris, and has issued or
ders that they are not to enter the
palace again. The cause of their
sudden downfall is said to be that
they instigated the young American
lady artist who painted the empress
dowager's portrait to demand a sum
of SOO.OuO taels for her work. The
empress dowager at the advice of
some of the officials had previously
presented the artist the sum of 12,000
taels and some presents.
Pen Picture of Great Heiress.
Of Miss Pauline Astor, American
heiress of a naturalized Briton and
fiancee of Captain Spender-Clay, an
English paper says: "She is quiet,
rather nice-looking, sensible, self
willed. Not pretty in the accepted
sense, though her hair is beautiful in
its wayward profusion and her deep
eyes look into jours with a sympa
thetic intelligence. Playing hostess
to the great wot Id ever since she was
14 ha.- given hr -m nir of easy distinc
tion, and with it perhaps a suggestion
of being a little tired."
Royalties Breakfast on Fruit.
At the present moment there is
quite a rage for friut diet among sev
eral European royalties. The German
emperor breakfasts and lunches off
fruit and only tastes meat at dinner
time, when he partakes of it very
sparingly. The king of Italy for the
last couple of months has lived almost
altogether on fruit, and in several of
the leading restaurants at Rome fruit
in various shapes and forms makes
almost the sole article of diet supplied
Woman Keen in Business.
Br. Frances C. Williams has ob
tained control of all the coal lands in
the Coalda'.e district of Nevada. She
has organized a trust capital of $3,
000,000 and the railroad companies
that are dependent upon the Coaldale
section for fuel will have to make the
best arrangements they can with Dr.
Bulgaria's exhibit in the Palace of
Varied Industries at the world's fair
covers 6,000 square feet
AS THE WORLD
GIFT OF GERMAN EMPEROR.
Statue of Frederick the Great Now
on Way to America.
The replica of the statue of Fred
erick the Great, the work of Prof.
Ur.hue. which is now en route to tflis
city, is a prerent from the German
emperor tenceted to the American
people. It will be creeled on the ar
senal grounds on the river front, at
thf I'Atrenie southern limit cf the c'ty
ol Washington. This gift from the
emperor has evoked unfriendly com
ment from certain German newspa-
pers. and at one time it was said that
because ot the. remote site chosen for
it here the statue might remain in
NAVAL LESSONS OF THE WAR.
Little of Value Disclosed Through
Combats on Sea.
The war in the far east has. luckily
enough, been barren in results that
might turn sea methods and material
into vague and uncharted channel
ways. It has. for example, taught
nothing new in naval policy, nor has it
revealed any truths that experts have
not insisted upon for many years.
Til's, however, does not mean that
the conflict is valueless either as an
object lesson or as a guide to the high
er development of fleets, for. indeed,
in this sense it has been most fruitful.
Never, perhaps, has the necessity
of initial preparedness and of com
mand ot the sea been so quickly and
incontcstably established. Further
more, in the latest engagements the
dominance of the battleship as the
vehicle and the supremacy of the gun
as the instrument have been equally
reasserted notably when the latter is
associated in a just relation with ar
mor protection and good speed. But
these. let us remember, are old stand
arils of naval thought, an-2 the Japa
nese have earned their place- aicong
the sea pov ers. not because they have
given us anything new. but because of
the manner in which they have proved
in stern practice the validity of these
accepted theories. New YorkHerald.
BABY PRINCE OF EGYPT.
Here Is th? Future Ruler of the Land
of the Pharaohs.
The hereditary prince. Mohammed
Abdul Monnelin. is the eldest son of
Abbas I. and was born Feb. 20. 1899.
Father and son are both visiting Eng
land at present. He is a smart and
most intelligent boy. His father, the
khedlvc. was born on Aug. 12, 1874,
so that he is thirty years of age. He
ascended the throne Jan. 8. 1892. on
the death of his father. Mohammed
Tewfik. during whose reign occurred
the now almost lorgotten Arabi rebel
lion in 1SS2. when the then khedive's
life was saved through the presence
of British troops. This picture is by
DIttrich. photographer by appointment
to the khedivial family and court.
Test for Travelers.
A traveler just returned from a tour
of the Rocky mountain and Pacific
coast region says that he was sur
prised one evening to find a large pic
ture of Dr. Edward Everett Hale hang
ing on the wall of a little inn in Ore
gon. The landlord exclaimed: "Ye
sec. mister, a good many strangers
come along here and want me to take
care of them. I don't know nothin'
about them, of course, but if they
know Dr. Hale's picture I know they're
good for somethin' and I let 'cm stay.
I'm a Yankee myself."
No Room for Shakespeare.
London has never had a memorial
to Shakespeare. Recently a resident
of that city offered to donate $12,500
toward the purpose, provided the
county council would accept a finan
cial responsibility in the undertaking
and secure other contributors. This
the council declines to do and. as
much as it appreciates the fitness ot
thus honoring the greatest of Eng
lish poets, someone else must guar
antee the full funds before it will en
tertain the provision of a site.
Family in Marriage Ceremony.
An unusual .wedding ceremony took
place in the Church of St. Eusebe at
Montreal when Mrs. J. Charron, who
hes been a widow for several years,
and her two daughters, Lennia and
Ale::ina Charron. were married re
spectively to Denis Laudry, Leon Mar
tel and Marcine Therrien.
To Popularize Science.
Sir Norman Lockyer has been .elect
ed president .of a new scciety for the
popularizing of science called the Brit
ish Science Guild.
Tk Alligators of Canada
Among the most common sights in
the streams and lakes of the Cana
dian lumber country are , alligators.
One canuot go up a river in the woods
without seeing anywhere from two to
half a. dozen of them lying on the
banks or floating in the water.
Nobody bunts these alligators, and
there is no instance known of their
attacking anybody. Indeed, the lum
bermen swim around right alongside
of them, and generally there are from
one to three lumbermen sitting on the
back of one alligator.
The fact is that the Canadian alii
gator is not a reptile, but a boat and
a boat as queer in the world of boats
as the real alligator is queer in the
world of reptiles.
The Canadian alligator boat is an
oval, flat thing, with a small boiler
and. engine bolted to the dec!;, without
any deck house or other structure
over it. Two spidery iron paddle
wheels on the sides do the propelling.
They look funny enough plunging
along, with the skeleton wheels pad
dling like mad. and a great raft be
hind them: but the funniest part of
the alligator is not seen till the craft
happens to get to a shallow place, or
till it becomes desirable for aome rea
By the statutes of Illinois it is pro
vided that when a person is arraigned
in court to answer to an indictment,
if he refuses to plead the court shall
order that a plea of not guilty be en
tered for him. If the court proceeds
to try -the case without a plea, such
omission is good ground for setting
aside a verdict of guilty for the rea
son that without a plea of not guilty
there is no issue presented to the jury
to try. John F. Getting, in the elev
enth American criminal reports,
points out that under the old English
law if a prisoner stood mute and
failed to plead to the indictment a
jury was impaneled to determine
whether his conduct came from ob
stinacy or from a natural impediment.
According to Blackstone if the pris
oner was found to be obstinately mute
and the indictment was for high trea
son it was settled that his silence
was equivalent to a conviction and
that judgment and execution should
follow. This same rule applied to
petit larceny and misdemeanors, but
upon appeals or indictments lor other
felonies, or petit treason, according to
the ancient law the prisoner was not
deemed convicted, but. because of his
obstinacy, he received "the terrible
At Jackson's Old Home
The mention of "The Hermitage"
calls up a peaceful scene that should
appear most attractive to American
tourists on American soil.
There is in the first place a drive of
twelve miles from Nashville through
a beautifully undulating country and
by prosperous-looking farms and coun
try homes that would be an ornament
to the richest sections of the long-settled
East. It is. perhaps, difficult to
associate President Jackson with such
homes when one recalls bis life in the
backwoods, but, as a matter of fact,
the house in which he passed his last
years is a notably fine old mansion.
It stands far back from the street
behind a curtain of trees that are
scattered about the great yardv and is
impressive at first sight, and more im
pressive still after a close examina
tion. A hall some fifteen feet wide
passes through the center, the rooms
are all large, and they are seen to
day with furniture aud all appurten
ances much as they were in Jackson's
time. This is due to the patriotic
work of the Ladies' Hermitage asso
ciation, whose services in the cause
Tale of a
Gov. Pennypacker of Pennsylvania
was reviewing the State militia at
Gettysburg. A young staff officer de
scribed to him in a low voice some
unimportant error that had been
made. "But as to the cause of the er
ror.sir." he said, "that is a mystery."
Gov. Pennypacker smiled.
"If it is a mystery." he said, "it 13
like the pickled pork disaster that be
fell two Pennsylvania Dutchmen,
Hans and Fritz.
"These two men bought a lot of
pickled pork in partnership. They
put it in a barrel, and stored it away
in the cellar of Hans' home. Now.
Hans, though a Pennsylvania Dutch
man, was dishonest. The combination
"Weli. the morning after the deal in
pickled pork. Fritz met Hans on the
" 'Good morning. Hans." he said. 'Is
The Inji.oi Ocan set an' smile
S" sof. po bright, so bloomin blue:
There ain't a wave for miles an" miles
Excp" the jiggle from the crew.
The ship is swep". the day is done.
The bugle's gone for smoke an" play:
An' back aRain the settin' sun
The I-us-car sings. "Hum deckty hai:"
For to admire an for to see.
For to be'old this world mi wide
It r.-ver done jyi .ood to me.
Hut 1 can't drop it if 1 tried:
I .i the Sergeants pUc-hln' quoits.
l'.'.tr tle women Inimh an" talk.
1 spv upon the qu.nter deck.
The orticers an lydies v.-.ilk
i thinks about the tilings that was.
An leans an" looks acs.-t the sea.
Till, spit" of all th" crowded ship.
There's no one lef alive but me.
The thinss that w.i. wlileli I "ave seen.
In b.irrick. cuinp. an act'on. :oo.
1 lelis thorn over by myHf
An" sometimes wonders if they're true:
For they w- odd most awful odd
Kut all the same now they are .r.
There must be eaps o plentj uch.
n" if I wait 111 see some more.
Only New Mistakes Condoned.
The following is a rule in an Atchi
son wholesale house: "Employes are
welcome to one mistake, but we sock
it to 'em for making the same mistake
twice." Atchison Globe.
"Hymn to Apollo."
A song called the "Hymn to Apollo,"
written. 2S0 yenrs B. C. has just beon
sung for the first time in England..
son to warp a great crib ot logs into
shore or fasten it to the bank.
Then the alligator proceeds to dem
onstrate why it is so named. It chug
chugs calmly to the bank-, goes
straight at it. up goes its nose on
the shore, and the next moment the
paddle wheels cease to revolve anil
the queer boat trundles up on land.
Then the amphibian character of
the thing becomes visible. Under the
keel of the alligator are wooden roll
ers. When the queer cratt has been
forced as far up the bank as the pad
dle wheels can drive it, chains are
run to the nearest tree and brought
back to the rollers. The engine gear
ing is shifted from the paddle wheels
to the rollers and the alligator pro
ceeds to pull itself along over the
Thus the lumbermen have a boat, a
locomotive and a stationary engine
combined in their alligators, and the
value of such a combination can be
realized when it is understood that
sometimes they bring down rafts so
huge that they will cover a square
mile; while the distances over which
they are floated are so great t.iat rafts
have been known to be three years on
the way-from the far north to the
sentence of penance or peine." and
was pressed to death.
Blackstone thus describes this pun
ishment: "That the prisoner be re
manded to the prison from whence he
came and put in a low. dark chamber,
and there be laid on his back on the
'bare- floor, naked, unless -decency for
bids: that there be placed upon bis
body as great a weight of iron as, he
could bear and more; that he should
have no sustenance, save only on the
first day three morsels of the worst
bread, and on the second day three
drafts of standing water that should
be nearest the prison door, and in this
situation this should be alternately his
daily diet till he died, or (as anciently
the judgment ran) till he answered."
During the trials for witchcraft in
New England a respectable citizen be
ing so accused, knowing that by rea
son of the excitement of the times a
plea of not guilty and trial would re
sult in a conviction with confiscation
ot property, and the same judgment
would follow a plea of guilty, refused
to plead, thereby preventing a convic
tion and enabling his family to retain
his property. The court ordered that
he be pressed because of his obsti
nacy. The order was carried out and
the victim died.
of restoration are of inestimable value.
It would require a long catalogue,
however, to enumerate the things of
interest within the house, and there
are mony others outside. There is the
carriage in which the general trav
eled to Washington, there is the fam
ily monument, and a little farther off
is the poor cabin of pioneer days,
which affords a striking contrast to
its grand successor. It harmonizes
with the character of the owner better
in some respects, for. in spite of his
later experiences and a certain na
tive courtesy and chivalry, he re
mained to the end of the aggressive,
fighting, pioneer type, but apparently
he knew how to make the new home
inviting, and certainly there were
grouped about him numerous objects
which testify to the esteem and affec
tion in which he was held as a hero
of the nation. The hospitable build
ing, with its spacious rooms and many
mementos of Jackson's life and serv
ices to his country, is. in fact, an in
tensely interesting historical museum,
a shrine that will always richly repa
the visitor for his journey.
there any news about our picklei'
"Fritz. Hans answered gravely
'there is news, and bad news. A
strange thing has happened. It is a
mystery to me.
'"Well. Hans, tell me all about It,'
" 'Fritz, my friend, it was like this,'
said Hans. 'This morning I went
down cellar to get a piece of pork for
my breakfast, and I put my hand down
in the barrel, and I felt around in the
brine, and there was no pork there.
It was all gone all gone completely.
So then I turned up the barrel, and,
as true as you are alive, the. rats had
eaten a hole clean through the bot
tom and dragged the pork all out.'
"Fritz was amazed and stunned.
"'Why didn't the brine run out of
the hole?' he asked.
"Ah. Fritz. said the other, 'that's
the mystery. That's the mystery."'
Oil. I ave come upon the book.
.n' often broke a burrick rule.
An stood beside an" watched my.-elf
Ke'avln like a bloomin' fool.
I paid my price for findin out.
"N'or never grutclied the price I paid.
But sa: in Clink without my boots.
Admirin 'oxv the world was made.
Be'old a cloud upon tin- Iram,
An" "umped above ihe sea appears
Old Aden, like a b.irrick-stove
Tii.it no one's lit for years an years'
I passed by that when I began.
An', go "ome the road I came,
A time-expired soldier-man.
With six years' service to "Is rame.
?.I g'rl she said. "Oil.. stay with me:"
.My mother "e!d m.- to "er breast.
They"e never written none, an" so
Thee must "ave gone with all the r-t
With .ill the ret which 1 "ave seen
An found an known an met along.
I f ,m not sny the things I feel.
But still I fins my eenin" song:
For to admire an" for to see.
For to be'old this world so wide
It neer done no good to m".
But I can't drop it if I tried"
, Hudyard Kiplipg.
Gold Quartz in Ceylon.
Gold bearing quartz has been found
Li Ceylon, but it remains to be seen
whether it is present in sufficient
quantity to be commercially success
ful. Women Taxpayers May Vote.
The Evangelical church council of
Hungary has given taspayicg women
(he tight to vote.
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Mr. Wragg Invites contributions ot
any new ideas that readers ot this de
partment may wish to present, and
would be pleased to answer coi respond
ents desiring information on subjects
Gl-niFsed. Address M. J. Wrasg. Wau
THE FARMER AND THE AUTOMO
BILE. August is a very good month to
consider some of the problems which
the farmer is facing, and will have to
settle, and we know of no question
that is interesting them more at the
present than the automobile. We are
having evidence, both ocular and
from letters received from writers to
this department, which leads us to
believe that the automobile, as it is
operated on the highways at the pres
ent time, is a menace to "life. liberty
amTthe pursuit of happiness."
One of our correspondents not long
ago In writing says: "The automobile
is a nuisance on the public roads. We
are not building roads for machines
of this kind, and we will never have
roads here in northern Iowa if they
continue to use our roads as they do
at present. We have had several run
aways and severe accidents and I
would sooner meet the than an
automobilist. When the roads are
muddy these machines cannot use
the roads, which gives us farmers an
opportunity of doing a little hauling
with a feeling of security."
We have lately had occasion to
talk to a doctor, who said that the
"automobile was all right" and that
in the use of one for over nine
months he had not had an accident,
nor had be caused anyone any incon
venience. Our observation is that
when automobiles are owned in our
small towns that they are dangerous
to the public. No woman or child
dare drive even the gentlest horse,
for fear of meeting the strange
thing. Hence it makes a prisoner of
every woman in the neighborhood,
and when a spirit horse is driven
there is great rtsk ot meeting one of
these machines on the road at any
time, and the result, with few excep
tions, is a runaway.
The whole fault lies with the op
erators of these autos. They do not
consider that the farmer or anyone
else but the automobilist has any
rights on the highway. We have seen
them urging their machines, and run
ning their gasoline engines at a ter
rific rate over good roads, regardless
of the fact that the rural public is
taxed to maintain them.
This is a question that every farmer
wants to give more than passing
thought, and should see that there is
proper legislation along these lines.
Sec that the man asking your vote
at the coming election is in sympathy
with the rural population, and is in
favor of a law regulating the speed
and setting forth the rights of the
automobile on the public highways.
-If all the apple trees and aP the
pear and plum anil peach trees in th
United States, or at least the bulk of
them, should once bear full crops, or
anything approaching full crops, we
would have fruits to burn, aud apples
and pears would be worth little more
than hog-feed. Such a thing, however,
is not likely to happen. We have our
seasons of superabundance, and cor
responding cheapness, of fruits; but
apples, pears, plums and peaches of
good quality and properly marketed
have seldom failed to give good re
turns to the grower in the right loca
tion, and we need not fear that they
will often do so in the near future.
PASTURAGE FOR GEESE.
Geese are grazing birds. Ir lict.
they live and thrive on good pasturage
and water, although, of course, they
do not make the rapid growth that
may be secured when some grain is
fed; on the other hand, it is probably
not possible to raise goslings on an
exclusive grain diet, without a liberal
supply of some succulent vegetable
food. Young goslings make the most
rapid growth upon short, nutritious
grass, or brook grass and grain. In
wild state geese devour large quan
tities of roots of grasses and aquatic
plants which they dig from the banks
and borders of streams, and wash
free from earth in shallow water. Do
mestic geese confine themselves to
less water and aquatic plants, and
generally feed upon pastures, prefer
ring moist, rich localities where the
grass is kept short and sweet by con
stant feeding and rapid growth. Tall,
woody grasses which have become
tough are not relished by them. This
natural habit of geese makes consid-
erable space necessary for their sue- j
cessful keeping, or requires that they
be provided with succulent green
There are lots of fools who drive
horses, but one of the biggest is the
one who trots his horses down hill.
It jars the shoulders and may bring
on paralysis of the nerves and mus
cles. It weakens the tendons and
springs the knees. Let a horse have
his own way and you will notice that
he wfll slacken his pace and go care
folly down hill. Only those go down
hill pell mell that are first made to
do It under the voice or whip.
THE HARVEST MOON.
It so happens that the position of
tms moon is such that the full moon
proceeding the autumnal equinox for
several successive nights in the lati-
tude of London rises only nine or ten !
minutes later each succeeding even- I
mg. This phenomenon is called the
"harvest moon" from a notion that it
is a provision of all-wise Providence
calculated to enable the husbandman
to take care of his grain at night if
there is so much of it that it cannot
be handled during daylight.
In farming, as a rule, it is better
to raise a thing, or an animal, than
to buy it. Something should be grow
ing and going all the time, and this
can be done only by keeping a variety
of stock and crops. Different plans of
management will be necessary on dif
ferent farms, but is should be remem
bered that the fanner is farthest from
market who has nothing to sell.
The cow's memory is long. Often
it reaches clear down into the milk
pail. It always will do this If she is
DANGER IN DRAINAGE. t A FARMERS OUTING
Two wet seasons in the West have
turned attention to the drainage of
large sections of the country, particu
larly in Minnesota and Iowa, the crops
on hundreds of thousands of acres of
the low and undraincd lands having
been practically destroyed for two
years by reason of the excessive rain
fall. Some very extensive' and ex
pensive drainage propositions are now
under way. A serious question arises
in connection with this work. AH
drained lands rid themselves quickly
of surface water. The rivers and main
natural waterways of those states are
ot a capacity to care for a uornial
flow of water without serious damage
by overflow. When these drainage
schemes are all-completed and the
floods of an ordinary wet time re
leased in a hurry from these lands it
cannot be otherwise than that very
destructive freshets will result for all
the bottom lands of the stream which
have to carry the water, and the dis
asters which belell Kansas City. To
peka and Des Moines last summer
will become a common occurrence.
These wet lands with their numerous
ponds and slough have, undralned.
served as reservoirs or feeders, the
surplus water escaping slowly but
when they are drained cut will go
the water with a rush. Cities and
'towns. built adjacent to such rivers
will have to meet the problem of
how best to guard against these ag
gravated flood conditions, for it will
not be possible to prevent the drain
age of the lands referred to.
Why should not farmers and their
wives take a vacation the same as
city business men? A week or two of
change and rest will prove beneficial
as well as instructive. The best way
to take an outing is a carriage drive
of 100 or 200 miles through surround
ing counties. Twenty to twenty-five
miles a day can be easily made with
a good horse and carriage. One can
see much more in this way than when
riding at express train speed.
Evorgreens are a class of indis
pensable trees which fill a very im
portant place in landscape work.
What tree can take the place of an
evergreen in the winter, when all
other trees are leafless and stand out
naked and cheerless against the cold
elements? In reply to a question
sometimes asked. "Are evergreens go
ing out of fashion?" I say most as
suredly, no. and I do not think they
ever will, as long as mankind is capa
ble of appreciating the useful and
beautiful in nature. From the time
these trees are several inches high
in the nursery row they are attract
ive and beautiful, and when they
reach their full growth they are
magnificent. Nothing gives a home a
more cheerful and trim appearance
than well planted hedges and groups
of eergreens, and the value or a
farm is greatly enhanced by the loca
tion of belts, groves and hedges. The
steady demand for these trees proves
conclusively that their popularity is
not decreasing and that they are
wanted not only on farms, but on pub
he grounds and large private estates
where he best things are used and
needed. Evergreens were created
ever green for a purpose, and no oth
er tree or invention can supplement
them. The are a beautiful tree, and
animals and fowls will seek their
shelter in winter or summer.
There is something about the mere
mention of lightning rods that sends
a cold chill oxer a good many of us.
I presume this is because we have
yuch distinct recollections of unpleas
ant experiences with agentrs anil the
outrageous bills they have saddled
upon us for that kind or farm fixtures.
And - we do not like to think or the
matter any more than we can help.
HE KNEW A HEN.
A boy who was required to write
an essay on hens produced the follow
ing: "Hens is curious aniimals: they
don't have no nose nor no teeth nor
no ears. They swallow their wittles
whole and chew it up in their crops
inside of 'em. The outside or hens is
generally nut into pillers and into
feather dusters. The inside of a hen
is sometimes filled with marbles and
sich. A hen is very much smaller
than a good many other aiiumals. but
iliev'II dig up more tomato plants
than anvthing that ain't a hen. Mens
is very useful to lay eggs for plu'ii
puddings Hens have got wings aim
can fly when they get frightened, i
cut off a hen's head and it frightened
her to death."
Composting manure does not add
any to the benefit that is ultimately
derhed from it. but does make the
plant food in it more readily available.
Whether composted or not. the
amount of plant food actually con
tributed to the soil will be the same,
but when composted it is more under
control and we can compute with
more certainty its effect on a given
crop or during the season.
HUMUS IN SOILS.
Humus is simply vegetable matter
In the soil and unless when first put
in. is undergoing change through
"r-Mlnnt dec:-. Some soils are large-
ly made up of humus, as. for instance,
th soils of the prairie, open and
cimii-v in cnaraeier. iiiki-k i:i
and so light that they lift more or
less with the winds. Other soils are
deficient in humus, more especially
stiff clays The effect of tillage on
soils is to lessen the supply of humus
in the anie Soils that have been
long tilled without enrichment are
generally very low in the supply of
hiimtia which they possess.
It never speaks well of any farm
er who lets weeds grow in the fence
rows and along the highways. It is
jur.t as detrimental to have barn
doors hanging on one h.ing- or the
doers fastened shut with rails. Neg
lect sometimes goes to seed when it
becomes a menace to the farm.
Imagine yourself to he your neighbor
and then go past your own place and
note criticisms you would make. This
is cue way to eco the defects.
Is found on his farm, an exchange
says, anil adds: "The city man who
works in factory, shop, store or of
fice, generally has a vacation some
time during the harvest season. And
when he goes out and sees the farm
ers all busy in the harvest field, he is
apt to sympathize with the poor, over
worked tiller of the soil, because he
has no vacation. But all his sympathy
is misplaced. Sympathy is rather du
the man who toils within four walls,
among machines that are hot and
greasy, or at a desk in a constricted
office where he can hardly straighten
his legs, for eleven months in a yar.
He must have a vacation, for human
nature canuot stand the strain of per
petual imprisonment without a break
down mentally and physically. The
farmer has much hard out-door work,
but there is, but little monotony about
It. and his physical energy is in
creased and his wits quickened by
the ever-changing variety of his work.
He has pure air and abundant physi
cal and mental exercise: he mut
mingle with his stock, provide for
their wants and profit by their develop
ment. He has something interesting
to think of every hour of the day. He
has a variety of work to do. and 'va
riety is the spice of life.' It makes
life taste good. He learns that recre
ation is better than rest. Thea if he
would hunt and fish to vary the scene,
he can enter upon the sport with a
vim and vigor the vacation fiend
knows not of."
The above is at least partly true,
but where the whole thing rails
through is that the wife, and frequent
ly the children, do not get this vari
ety which their souls crave. The
farmer himself gets more variety
from the nature of his work. He goes
frequently to town, attends town
meetings, auction sales, lawsuits and
almost everything else. He is all too
apt to forget that the wife and chil
dren to not get this same change of
scenes, and before he is aware he is
often warping and narrowing their
monotonous lives most cruelly.
Forty ears ago settlement preced
ed the railroads, the pioneer settler
often having to wait from ten to twen
y years before he was afforded any
benefits of railroad transportation. In
these days the railway goes ahead ot
the settler aud thus removes many ot
the hardships which fell to the lot ot
the -pioneers of the west. The roads
rhouM have credit for much enter
prise in this regard, especially, in the
matter of making low excursion rate
to all parts of the country, so that it
is Missible for even a poor man to
seek a new location and a home.
Dust spraying, which now seems to
come to the front, has proved just as
sure death to leaf-eaters on trees as
it always has on potato-vines to the
potato bug. Whether it does as well
for fungous diseases as spraying with
the Bordeaux mixture is as yet an un
solved problem, although in some
trials seven dust sprayings appeared
to give about the same results as
liquid sprayings, which cost fully as
much in lalor and material. For leaf
eaters, such as cankerworni. the pro
portions applied were one pound of
Paris green to fifteen pounds of Hour.
The one objection which I always
have had against using dust sprays
on potatoes namely, that we an; li
able to inhale a portion of the poison
ous dust, seems to apply with even
greater force to dust-spraying trees.
In the operation we fill the atmos
phere around the tree with the pois
oned dust, and as we have to work in
close proximity, we cftn't help getting
ome of it into our systems. I prefer
liquid spraying, and would even if it
was more expensive or laborious.
So far from each cow giving milk
of a fixed richness that cannot be
varied by feeding, experience shows
there are rarely two milkings when
the milk is of identical richness.
While some breeds of cows are better
adapted to the production or butter
than others, yet prize butter has been
made from the milk of every known
HONEY AS A DAILY FOOO.
Honey is one of Nature's pure,
healthful sweets The nectar from
which it is made is distilled in th
ehalices of the peerless clover and
tiagrant linden through the alchemy
of sun and shower by the Divine
Chemist. It can never be success
fully imitated by man nor excelled as
an article of diet. Th bee with its
husbanding instincts collects the wa
tery sweet before the wind drinks
it from the flower cup and transforms
it into one of the most useful and ap
petizing of natural foods. In the
laboratory of the hive it has under
gone such a change as to fit it for
human digestion without the labori
ous stomach process necessary with
most manufactured sweets. It is as
similated more easily than cane su
gar, and therefore not so likely to
produce distress in the stomach.
WHEN TO WEAN PIGLETS.
A series of eight experiments re
cently demonstrated the advisability
of keeping the pigs on the sow as
long as possible, consistent with the
healthy and strong condition of the
mother. The chief reason for this is
that a sow and her pigs together will
extract more nourishment from a giv
en quantity of food than will the
weaned pigs alone. The sow and pigs
were weighed separately each wee!:,
and any loss or gain of the sow was
deducted from or added to the i::-'
creased weight of the pigs. The pigs
were allowed to remain on the sow
for ten weeks, then a similar course
of feeding was carried on with tho
pigs for seven weeks. The sow pigs
consumed on an average 2.11 pounds
of meal and 531 pounds of skim milk
in making a similar increase.
Unless the stable is comfortable and
dry the horses will not lie down as
much as they should for perfect rest.
A good supply of bedding will not only
add to the comfort of the horses, but
will materially aid in increasing tho
amount of manure.
, -'.- -xi
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