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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 31, 1904)
' I -v
The Ward of
A Romance tf the
yOTTlUE JL UUENCRANTZ.
Copyright, 1303. br
What the Red Cloak Hid.
la the vault overhead blue had
deepened into purple, and all the sil
ver star-lamps had been hung out,
their dames trembling unceasingly in
the piaying winds. By the soft light,
the Jotun, who was striding across
the Danish camp, saw a graceful boy
ish form leave the circle around the
King's fire and join a group of mount-
ed men waiting on the river bank.
some fifty yards away.
"Ho there, Fridtjof." he roared
The figure turned, and he had a
fleeting glimpse of a hand waved in
mocking farewell. Then the boy
sprang into the saddle of a. horse
that one cf the warriors was holding.
and the whole band moved forward
z. a swinging pace.
"If you had waited a little, you
would be less light on your feet," the
Jotun growled as he strode on. strik
ing his heels savagely upo-n the frosty
"Where is the King?" he demanded,
as soon as he had reached the ring
of nobles sipping mead around the
i. Eric of Norway nodded
toward the wattled hut beneath the
"In there; and I will give you this
chain oH my nck if you can guess
what he is doing."
"It is likely that he is busy with
messnsers. ' Rothgar said with an
accent of vexation. "I had hoped to
reach him before he finished drink
ing, but there was a brawl among my
men which "
"Ke is playing chess," Eric said
The Norwegian nodded as he swal-
Towed. "Heard you ever anything to
equal that? He has the appearance of
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P JSBBBBbKB? M rVSBBBBBBSU'k
X CssneassWSlLi ..
Before the sudden ury cf the onslaught, Edmund gave back a pace.
a boy who has been released from a j
lesson. Whether he is mad. or be
witched, or feignin? like Amleth. it
is not easy zo tell. '
"I do not think it is any of these."
Rothcar said slowly. -I think it is
because he likes it so well that he
has got peace m which to amuse him-
right, any day
would he hunt than ,
and I have often seen ,
hirn express pleasure m this manner."
The Norwegian plunged again into
the general discussion: and the son
of Lodbrok stood listening discon-
tenteuly. while he Kept a snarp watcn
of the low-browed entrance. ,
Presently his patience was reward-
ed. Within the hut there arose all i
at ence a duet of voices, half angrily t
accusmc. halt" laughingly protesting.
Then the chessboard came flying :
through the doorway, ronowea dv a '
handful of chessmen and the person
ot the bic good-natured Jarl. still ut
tering his laughing protests. And
finally Canute himself stood under
the lintel, storming through his
"Blockhead, that you cannot keep
your thoughts on what you are doinu!
One might expect as good a game j
from the tumoler's doc. You de
"To loe the honor of playing with
the King." the Jotun broke in. mak
ing a lone step forward. "Be so good
as to allov.- me to take his place. lord.
I have some words for your ear
which are worth a hearing."
"Rothgar! '" the King exclaimed
with great cordiality, and stepped
from the doorway to meet him. "Wil
lingly do I make the change, for I
have been wishing to speak with you
this last hour. I have thought of a
fine plan for to-morrow's sport."
Laying his arm boy-fashion across
his foster-Drothers shoulders, he
swunz him around toward the river.
"Bnt we will not go in there to do
our talking. We will walk along the
shore. To-nighr I feel as though I
could walk to the rainbow bridge."
As they strolled beside the mooniit
water, the son of Lodbrotc listened in
secret amazement to the string of
plans that unfolded itself hunts aad
horse races, swimming matches and
"Bat where will you get the Ashing
tackle, lord? And the hawks and the
hounds for all this?" he ventured
They were some little distance np
the bank now, where trees screened
them from the camp-fires. Suddenly
the young King made a leaping grab
at a bough overhead and hung by it,
loosing down at his companion with
the face cf a mischievous boy.
"How joyfully you will take my an
swer! I have sent to Northampton
for them. And I have bidden Elfgiva
accompany them, with all her follow
ing of maids and lap-dogs and beard
As his foster-brother stood zazing
at him in speechless dismay, he
iangneu maliciously. wnere an.
your manners, partner, that you do
cot praise my foresight?"
"King." Rothgar said gravely, "is
the truce sping to last long enough
to make it worth while to fetch those
His laughter vanishing, the
came to earth in both senses of the
phrase- "Now I do not know what
you mean by that," he said. "You
were with me on the island. You
heard what was said. Yoa heard that
-v-e made peace together to last the
whole of our lives. Did yoa not hear
Rothgar kicked a stone out of his
-ray with impatient emphasis. "Oh,
f The Thrall f M the Lucky.
A. C. McCLCEG i CX.
yes. I heard it. I heard also how you sulkily. "You did not have the ap
said that you would rather have the pearance of choking much on her
tngiisnmans friendship than his
The eyebrows had drawn down in
to a frown rose ironically. "There is
room in your breast for more sense.
Rothgar, my brother, if you think, be
cause I am forced into one lie, that I
never speak the truth. he said. "We
will not talk cf it further. "What are
i the words you have waiting for my
I The Jotun's sudden frown quite
eclipsed his eyes. "Now it becomes
j clear in my mind what you have sent
your black-haired falcon down the
wind after to carry your order to
"Certainly it is." Canute assented.
"But why is your voice so bitter when
you speak of him?"
"Because I have just found out that
he is a fox." Rothgar bellowed. "Be
cause it has been borne in upon me
that he has played me a foul trick,
by which I lost property that was al
ready under my hands."
"It is not possible'" Canute ejacu
lated. "He looks to be as truthful
Rothgar uttered his favorite
grunt- "Never did I hear that Loke
had crooKed eyes or a tusk, and
black hair grows on both of them. I
tell you, I know it for certain. I
have just been to find the English
serf who became my man after Brent
ford; and he has told me what he
says he tried to tell the night before
we left IvarsdaJe, but no one would
listen to him without pounding him
taat the servant-maid, who in
formed him concerning the provision
bouse, spoke also of a Danish page
her lord had, whom he treated with
I such great love that it was commonly
' said he was bewitched. And before
j that, when the brat was telling you
how the Englishman had saved him
from Norman s swori, it occurred to
n:e that he talked more as a woman
talks of her lover than as a man
speaks of his foe."
"May the gallows take my body!"
the King breathed. And he sat down
upon a grassy hummock as sudden-
ly as though a rock had been thrown
at him that knocked the less from
Meanwhile the son of Lodbrok
strode to and fro. declaiming wrath
fully. "There is not an honest bone
in the imp's body." he wound up. 'It
iS certainly my belief that he was in
league with the Englishman: and his
freedom was the reward he got for
ur2w'ns me off. "
-Certainly you are a ve.-v shrewd
aaa- Canute" murmured. But" some
thin? in hia volce did not ?taad g.
his foster-brother darted him a keen
glance. Kis suspicions were well
founded. Canute's face was crim
son with laughter; he was biting his
lips frantically to hold back his
mirth. The temper of the son of Lod
brok left him in one inarticulate
narL Turning en his heel, he would
have 5talKed awaj: if the M nad no.
made him the most peremptory of
"No. wait! Wait, good brother! I
will show you whether I offend you
intentionally or r.ct! It is it is
the the jest " Again he became
Rothgar stopped, but it was to
glower over his folded arms. "Because
his womanish face has cauzht your
fp.ncy. you will neither blame him
yourself nor allow others to make a
"That is where you are wrong."
the King interrupted, with as much
cravity as he could command. "When
Fridtjof Frodesson comes again into
your presence. I give you leave to
take whatever revenge you like, and
I promise that I will not lift finger
to hinder you from it."
"And not hold it against me?"
Rothgar demanded incredulously.
And not hold it against you," Ca
nute agreed. "Will you wager a
finger-ring against my knife that your
mind will not change when my ward
stands again before you?"
The Jotun smiled grimly. "The
wager shall be as you have made it;
and may I lack strength if I do sot
deal with him " He paused, blink
ing like a startled owl. as his royal
foster-brother leaped to his feet and
fronted hist with shoots of laughter.
"Yon dolt, yon!" Canute cried. "Do
yon not see it yet? Frode's child is
Rothgar's jaw dropped and his
bulging eyes seemed in danger of fol
lowing. "What!" he gasped: and
then his voice rose to a roar. "And
the Englishman is her lover?"
"Tou are wiser than I expected."
the King laughed.
Stamping with rage, the Jotun ham
mered his huge fist upon a tree-trunk
until bark Sew in v every direction.
"King. I will give you every ring off
my hand if you will give me leave tc
"Tou remind me that I will take
cne cf your rings now," Canute said
reaching out and opening the mallet-
"ite fist that he might make his
choice. Then, as he fitted on his
prize and held it critically to the
light, he added with more sympathy:
"I will arrange for you a more profit
able revenge than that, I will make
a. condition with Edmund that the
Stheling's odal shall not be included
in the land which is peace-holy, and
tha- t" ravage it shall not be looked
upon as breaking the truce. Thenl
can you betake yourself thither and
si: down with your following, and
have no one but yourself to blame if
you fail a second time. Only" he
thrust his knuckles suddenlv between
i the other's ribs "only, before we get
serious over it. do at least give one
J laugh. Though she be Ran herself,
the maiden has played as excellent
j joke upon you."
j "1 do not see how you make out
I that it is all upon me. Rothgar said
The King seemed all at once to re
cover his dignitv. - will not denv
...t ; , . .. "
mat. ne saia gravely; and have 1
not said that I expect to be anerv
about it presently? That she should
dare to offer her King that lying
story about her sister's death "
His face flushed as though he were
remembering his emotion on receiv
ing that same story; and his foster-
brother's observation did not tend to i
"And not only to offer it," the son
of Lodbrok chuckled, "bat to cram it
down his throat and make him swal
Canute's heels also began to ring
with ominous sharpness upon the ,
frosty ground. "She must be
he-self: Oh. you need not be afraid
that I shall not get overbearing
enough after I am started! Now, as '
I am a kins. I will punish her in a
way that she will like less than '
strangling! I tell you. her luck is ,
p great that she is not here to-night." i
(To be continued.)
A WOMAN OF RESOURCE.
Had Her Way in Spite of
A story is going the rounds about
how a prominent actress satisfied her
post-season thirst while playing in a
special production after her winter's
engagement was over. The young
artist is very well known to theater
goers, and for this reason her name
will be omitted.
A special production in which she
appeared made it necessary for her
to wear high topped cavalry boots
as a part of her costume. During the
week which the show ran the weather
happened to Be quite warm. The
management of the theater supplied
the actors with ice water, but prohib -
ited any of the members of the cast
from taking stronger refreshments
into the place.
This actress is quite resourceful,
and soon hit upon a scheme that was
most ingenious. She was stopping
at a hotel within a square of the the -
ater. and this enabled her to work
out her plan successfully.
One night she went to the theater
as usual, bur after making up gave
a reat imitation of being horrified
when she discoveerd that the cava
ry boots had been left at the hotel.
Summoning one of the attaches ol
the theater, she sent him after the
boots, with instructions to bring them
to her just as he found them. Her
instructions were carried out. and
after bestowing a greatful smile on
tut? uiesaeuser ue was aiioweu to ue-
part, after depositing the boots in her j
As soon as the door was closed be-
iiiuu iii.ii iiie auLresa eALracieu irom )
the depths of either boot, where she '
had placed them beforp leaving tht
hotel, a large, cool bottle of beer.
WEEOS USED IN MEDICINE.
Pests of the Farm May Be Turned tc ,
The extent to which weeds are used
in medicine is indicated in a receni
bulletin (No. 1SS) of the Uniteo
States Department of Agriculture
Most of those used are gathered ia
Europe, but many of them are onlj
too common in this country, ano
while it is not likely that the farmei
may succeed in getting rid of "hem
it is possible that he may turn some
of them to account. The prices paid
on the other hand, are not so large
as to induce a man to go into the
business as a vocation: it is distinctly
as by-products that the weeds ma
return something to him who raises
Among root drugs the bulletin
names these: Burdock, dandelion, tht
various docks, couchgrass and poke
weed. Wormseed and black and white
mustards yield their seeds for medi
cal uses, and these weeds are named
as supplying leaves, fiowers or seeds:
Foxglove, mullein, lobelia, tansy, gum
plant, scaly grindelia. boneset, catnip
hoarhcund. yarrow, bleabane. blessed
thistle, jimson weed and poison hem
The bulletin gives suggestions a;
to the packing and handling the
weeds and the prices recently paid
for them in the drug market. As
some of the plants are known to be
poisonous, the farmer who gather
them for profit should not use them
without the advice of a physician.
On "Classes" and Their Money.
"That man who just went out," re
marked the observant man. is a
"He is." replied the storekeeper
"You know him. probably?"
"Never set eyes on him before."
"Then how did you know that he
i i .. i
was a Dutcner; assea tne store
"Simply by the way he carries his j
money. I noticed that when he paid
for his purchases he took a crumpled ,
wad of bank notes out of his trous i
ers pocket. Butchers always carry
their money that way. So do bakers
and grocers, but I knew be was
neither of them, and therefore con
cluded that he was s butcher."
The assemlhed citizens who sat
round looked admiringly at the ob
servant stranger and asked for mors
information on the way different
people carried their money.
"Bankers carry their ssoaey fa nice
new notes IsJ oat at fall length in a
morocco poeketbook." he weal oa.
"Brokers always fold their notes
twice. Young merchants carry their
money in their vest pocket, while
sports carry theirs in their trousers
pocket. Farmers and drovers carry
their cash in their Inside pockets."
And where, asked one of the men.
wher' does sn average man like me. ,
who does not belong to any of the
classes named, cs.ry his money?" I
"In his wife's lockeC replied the
observant man. .
Gives Japs High Praise. '
Troiu-nn-T, Pn?!! ??- L
-- -- . .
writer. Dr. Jliiier laguire. recently
called the Japanese "scientific fanat-.
ies and declared that "man for man i
and ship for ship" they "can beat any
opponent in the world because of
their superior knowledge."
Care for Invalids From Slums.
Thirty-seven of the sick and crip
pled children from New York's slams
are being cared for by the deaconesses
in the Invalid Children's Home at Ver
bank, N. Y.
T Pass Under the Rod f
? An Old Favorite I
I saw the young- bride. In her beauty-
Bedecked in her snowy array.
And the bright Hush, of joy mantled high
on her cheek.
And the future looked blooming and
with woman's devotion she laid her
At the shrine of Idolatrous love.
And she anchored her hopes to this per-
i BS" -ae chain which her tendernes
i But I saw when those heart-strings were
bleedins and torn,
cham " a severed
he had changed her white robes for the
' iTnflTf , t,.i-. r ,.
But the Healer was there, pouring balm
on her heart.
And wiping the tears from her eyes:
He strengthened the chain he had broken
And fastened it flrm to the sides!
There had whispered a voice 'twas the
voice of her God
"I love thee. I love thee pass under the
I saw the young mother In tenderness
O'er the couch of her slumbering boy:
And she kissed the soft lips, as they
murmured her name.
j wnne tne dreamer lay smiling in joy.
j. a:L iu cu xuscuuu eacircieu wilu
When its fragrance is flung on the air.
So fresh and so bright to that mother
As he lay in his Innocence there.
But I saw. when she gazed on the same
The young man seemed to be of a
particularly mild disposition and the
straw hat he wore was not out of the
ordinary, but the combination was the
cause of a series of mishaps on a Sev
enth avenue car the other day. And
it was a closed car at that. The young
man and the hat took a seat well for-
. ward were sooa Jn deeP thought
I at lemat tie TonnR man The
j WM evidently cooking up mis-
The chance came at last. It was
I blowing a gale in the street and hats
j wer njlng in all directions. The sight
1 probably fired the ambition of the hat
' on. the young man's head.
I At Twenty-third street the car
, stopped. A stout woman climbed on
j the front platform and the motorman
' obligingly opened the door for her.
With the woman came the tail end of
' a particularly fierce gust of wind
t which hit the car plumb center. The
hat arose from the young man's head.
. seemed to pause for a moment in
mid-air as though selecting a victim,
and then started on its aerial night.
It nipped off the eyeglasses of a
choleric looking old man, caromed
across the car and smacked a German
woman in the face. Then, gathering
fresh impetus from an open window,
it sailed up to the roof of the car,
tried to ring up a couple of fares on
the register, and fell into the lap of
Interesting and valuable archaeolog
ical discoveries have been made on
the site of the ancient Greek city
Olbia. The site is situated on the
southern bank of the Eoug, about mid-
way between Otchakoff and Nicolaieff,
and not far distant from the estuary
of the Dneiper. This ancient city was
a great center for Greek trade with
the interior. It is generally main
tained among archaeological author
ities that a trade route extended from
Olbia across country to the northern
sea, and when a find of ancient Greek
coins was mad3 it was contended to
be substantial proof of the fact. Re
cently, however, it was proved that
these coins were spurious.
Olbia was destroyed by the Getoa
about 70 to 60 B. C. but it revived
and when it was visited by Dion
Chrysostum about 100 A. D. it was
again a flourishing city. The excava
tions that are now in progress upon
the site of this city are being carried
out by M. Formakovski under the aus
pices of the Russian Archaelogical so
ciety. M. Formakovski has succeed
ed in unearthing extensive portions of
the walls and foundations of the orig
iaa. city, which date back from the
J. B. Southard, old-day miner in the
Western El Dorado, lawyer at the
state bar, preacher for a season, judge
on the bench, but now gone over
"Lethe's wharf" into the sea that
sweeps away to an unknown shore,
once found time hanging on his hands.
He accidentally met one afternoon
tmir-'nsr fripnrf and ev-nartner from
the mines of an upper county. The
judge had not seen Bill since they
had shoveled dirt into a flume to
gether back in the dim '30's. They
.V..9 -Vw .-. -
dropped all else and hugged each
. oriental fervency. Then the
jew with a whiz. Not in the
!!- jh. u so rapidly that the
nutes and seconds fell off the body
0 !, were iost ca e way.
vr - - - t tho n-iHontai -- rhr th
-.-.., M - - -. W- --. -
judge was st home; thence to Frank
Garda's, and afterward to the Pacific
club now out of date. Then to tht
other resorts frequented by the bo
tTsfff of the town and the day.
Without baiting they went over the
rents again, harrying, harrying on
"When postage stamps first came
into use." saia a veteran postal clerk,
"the public didn't know how to han
dle them. You remember how, when
tea and coffee first appeared among
tae people fried the tea leaves and
" , 7 ' -JVL
salt and pepper? Well, tie peo-
PIe ,Hfred eir stiaips M hsarcT
, ,. .
Some folks would put the stamps
mside their letters, out of sight. Here
s ucjcjai nouce mat we issueu to
r - n i tOT Tfrt4o
" - i---
T-i Tor!r Trrlr tVvtti rTa Ar-m-n e- s ,
Jfct .-- VWVA A tT. fe , A .A OU
rgea duiiu uias. saia:
-The stamps upon an letters and
packages must be affixed on the OUT
SIDE thereof, and above the address
He put back this bulletin and drew
orth another one.
"People would pin the sta ns on
I Tnpir letters. inaTosi nf i i-ii
them." he said, "and when they did
gum thera, they would not do it right.
Hat on a Frolic
I Ml FTt! ll iT BBS SM Usflll UMsfsas
i IIIVVIIIV III Alii inn ITIIIIIX
Pa!e as marble. anf -nn m mm.
But paler and colder her beautiful boy.
And the tale of her sorrow was told!
But the Healer was there who bad
stricken her heart.
And taken her treasure away:
To allure her to heaven he has. placed
ic on high.
And the mourner will sweetly obey.
There had whispered a voice 'twas the
voice of her God
"I love thee. I love thee pass under
I saw a father and mother who leaned
On the arms of a dear gifted son.
And the star in the future grew bright
to their gaze
As they saw the proud place he q
And the fast-coming - evening of ufe
And its pathway grew smooth to their
And the starlight of love glimmered
bright at the end.
And the whispers of fancy were sweet.
And I saw them again bending low o'er
Where their hearts dearest hope had
And the star had gone down in the
darkness of night.
And the joy from their bosom had fled.
But the Healer was there, and his arms
And he led them with tenderest care:
And he showed them a star in the bright
Twas their star shining brilliantly
They had each heard a voice 'twas the
voice of their God
"I love thpe. I love thee pass under
a woman carrying a baby. From
thence it dropped lightly to the floor, I
evidently satisfied with its work. i
The owner of the hat jumped after J
it at the first stage of the desertion. .- fr- L" 4U"11-' u- 1V-VJ1U' iJa"t
but was obliged to tack about the ?d at. tae same time cared torm
stout woman whose entrance to the
uat mnioj Vm rn.,v.7,i TiTt,.-,.. ,
. iioftu nuatrvi IUT iiuuuitr. llii. uc
got by he failed to see the choleric
old man, who was blindly groping for
his glasses on the floor of the car
and saying harsh things sotto voce.
Therefore, the young man was hardly
to blame whan his knee caste iato
violent contact with the choleric par
ty's ear, knocking off his hat. The
young man, who was crimson with
embarrassment, turned to apologixe,
and. plunging forward In hia confu
sion, stepped squarely upon the crown
of his mischievous hat, which was re
posing at the feet of the woman with
The young man was still several
blocks from his destination, and the
rain had begun to fall; but somehow
he felt that his Dresence in the car
was rather embarrassing to the other
passengers, so he got off. The chole-
ric man found his hat and glasses,
but not his temper. The German wo -
man quoted Wagnerian selections
while she prospected about her facs
for possible scratches, and the wo -
man with the baby said something
that sounded like "chump." New
seventh century, B. C. The masonry
is identical with that of th rnina of
ancient cities excavated in various
parts of Greece. Before thi3 depth
was reached two different strata of
walls and basements bearing descrip
tions of the fourth and first centuries
B. C. were encountered. ' scntinuous cropping in corn, or in any
The stone blocks composing the other one crop, or any number of non
ruins of houses, temples, etc., in th6se leguminous crops, will sooner or later
upper strata are of remarkably exact burn ouc lne nunius fcy exposing it
area, square proportions and excel- to the air- This will prevent the
lently dressed. The more solid con-1 tonner from getting his soil in the
structive work is. however, found in Proper physical condition as well as
the remains of the original city. At ase UP a veiT lar5e amount of the
this depth there was unearthed a per nitrogen which it contains,
fectly preserved wine cellar. Some ( Clover and other leguminous crops
fifty huge jars or vases had evidently supply nitrogen from the atmosphere
contained red wine, now turned to a ' and supply humus to zh soil, and
light powdery substance. A large col- thus enable the farmer to cet his soil
lection of valuable antiques in gold, in such a physical condition that the
marble and ancient pottery has alsc roots of the plants can ut.l.ze the fer
been found in these newly uncovered tility which it contains. Farmers
ruins. These have been dispatched tc sow these crops not merely to furnish
the Hermitage at St, Petersburg. JL nitrogen to the soil, but to furnish
Jlormakcvski. however, is carefully humus and to get them in proper
examining every antique unearthed, tc physical condition and you need not
establish its genuine character, as it worry about anything else until the
was on this site that the spurious tiara crops show that it is short of some of
of Saitapharnes. now in the Louvre, the mineral elements.
was- alleged to have been discovered. Some of the soils in southern Illi-
through the night. No account has
teen kept of the libations that were
poured out in that bacchanalian feast.
Bill had frequently turned himself
loose and made the golden dust fly
after the clean-up, but this was faster
than the best time of a mining town
Along toward morning Bill began to
break, and finally lost his feet. The
judge carried him on around the
stretch till his condition called impe
riously for a downy bed and the re
storer sleep. I
When the hack had rolled off for
the hotel with Bill the deserted and,
lonely man stood looking sadly down i
the street. The sun was flushing the
sky over the green Alameda hills and
the young day was finding its way
through the city streets. Bat time had
left no record of the passing night
To hia an hour was as a second aad
a century as a day.
"What shall I do." he soliloquized:
"what the thunder shall I do the rest
of the night?" San Francisco CaH.
Hence tail second buHetrs," and be
" 'Persons posting letters should
2 fix the requisite number of stamps
previous to depositing them in the
letter receivers, as when posted in a
damp state the stamps are liable to
iub off and thereby cause the letters
to be treated as unpaid. Do not pin
on the stamps.'
"Still." sa.d the clerk, "the public i
didn t understand. Think of it it and no better definition cf "luck" can
didn't understand the simple matter ( be given. It should be printed in cap
o. sticking a postage stamp on a let-1 itals and hung up ia every office,
ter. So we gat out a third bulletin." counting room, workshop and family
The third bulletin, in big, impatient
"The simplest and most effective
method of caasiag stamps to adhere
5rmly is, first, to moisten well th
outside of the stamps and afterward
the gum med side slightly, taking care
net to remove the gum.'
The clerk said that a philatelist had
offered him $12 a piece for these three
FAPM PCHAWan GAD
"-iy 7. '"2lssV.-., ,. .. --v- -. mi "
Ofr. Wrsgg tBvttee contributions et
ay new Idea that readers of this de
partment may wish to present, and
woeud be pleased to answer correspond
ents desiring Information on subjects
3fe used. Address 1L X Wrazg. Waa-
VERY TIRED LAND.
AH over the Middle West, even in
the very best of it, we find some very
tired land land that badly needs rest
and doctoring, tenant farming is re
sponsible for much of it. but not at
Prof. Hopkins of Illinois in some of
bis communications to the press tells
of a field in southern Illinois that has
been continuously in corn for twenty
seven years and this year produced
twenty-seven bushels per acre, and
rentingfor fifty cents per acre; of a
field directly opposite to it which has
been rotated with corn and oats, and
leguminous crops, and this year pro
duced seventy-five bushels of corn:
and opposite to this is another field to
which was added some bone meal,
which produced eighty-seven bushels.
"So we have." to quote his own lan
guage, "from twenty-seven to eighty
seven bushels of corn grown this
Just "V same
I sixty bushels
an actual umerence oi
from twenty-seven to
eighty-seven grown in the same type
Nearly every time we meet fanners
of Illinois we are told that their land
is inexhaustible, that corn has been
grows upon It for thirty or thirty-flve
years, and this year's crop is as good
as any before. We have always oeen
skeptical of the real accuracy of these
statements, believing that there were
conditions, such as favorable seasons
or a superior condition of the land,
which would account for the facts as
While the farm mentioned is in
southern Illinois, where the soil in
j general is inferior to the central, yet
j we have had no trouble in rinding
. much worn-out land even in the very
best parts of the state, and we will
not feel quite happy until we are able
! to induce corn-growers in that state
' to abandon their evil ways and rotate
' their crops. It is to give them an
i object lesson from their own state
1 and from one of their most nighly
esteemed professors, whose opinions,
. in the lines on which he gives his
opinion, go as far as any man's of
whom we know, that we quote the
statement given above.
There is no possibility of progress
in farming until this one-crop sys-
' tern year after year on the same land
i ia broken up. It must be broken up
' or it will eventually break up the men
' WCo own the land, as well as the men
i who farm it. Notice in the above
statement the wonderful increase ia
production when leguminous crops,
such as cowpeas. clover or alfalfa,
have a place in the rotation. To un
derstand the reason is easy. This
t noia are deficient in potash: others in
phosphoric acid. Where it is clear
l ly ascertained that the soil is defi
cient in these, they should be added
in the cheapest possible way.
' There is nothing, beyond good seed,
necessary to raise crops proportion-
j ate to the season exc?pt to get the
soil in the proper physical condition.
That is the main reason why we grow
clover and other grasses, the main
reason why we rotate, the main rea
son why we urge farmers net to plant
. any crop until they get the soil in
i such a condition that the plant can
avail itself of the fertility therein con-
Jlutton as human fjed is gaining
rapidly in popularity Good authori
ties predict that the ime is rapidly
approaching when as many sheep and
lambs will be slaughtered in this coun
try as there are hogs and cattle
slaughtered now. History shows that
ia old countries muttcn is the poor
man's diet because it can be raised
st less cost than any other, and also
that it is the best and most whole
tome. Wool brings a good price, mut
ton is in demand and the farm needs
fertilizing. Then why not every
farmer grow sheep, and those who
feel so inclined operate a sheep
h? It is a paying business.
DM you ever happen across Max
OTtell's definition of "luck?" It may
serve ss sn answer to some of those
who refer to freaks of fortune:
"Luck means rising at ? o'clock in
the morning, living on a dollar a day
if you earn two, minding your own
business and not meddling with other
people's. Luck means appointments
you have never failed to keep, the
trains you have never failed to catch.
Luck means trusting in God and your
I own resources."
Max CRell never said a wiser thins
It looks as if there would be much
les? demand for labor in the construc
tion of railways this year than last,
and this lessened demand by the
reads will to a certain extent affect
"Geniu3 is partly insp'ritfen. but
mostly perspiration." Ed:soe.
It is noticeable that both grade and
pure-Bred draft mares are very little
appreciated if one can judge from the
price at which they sell in the open
market. They seldom sell for any
more than the value of each colt that
they raise; and this did not seem to
be right, considering that they can
raise a good colt every year for many
years, if properly bred. Good brood
mares are often sold off the farm to
work in cities; but this is a very un
businesslike thing to do and should
be avoided if possible. Now that draft
horses are so scarce and are bringing
such increasingly high prices, good
ll-ftf Mnflrt. I... t . T.
and a pure bred mare, bred to a good
stallion, can raise one worth from
1300 to $1,500. Whether grade or
pujc ureu, me mare snouiu oe area to
i.uK vrr ut staiiion ootainame. re-
gardless of service fee. The increased
value oftne colt will always much
more than pay for the higher priced
fee. A big colt matures earlier and
costs no more to raise and will sell
for a much better price than a com
mon one. The good mare colts should
be kept for breeding, if possible, and
set to breeding as soon as they ma
ture. They are worth twice as much
for breeding as for any other purpose
and should be kept breeding to the
best sires as long as draft horses com
mand anything like their present
It is a day of specialties. Those
who succeed in professional life or
in any commercial department, must
have some specialty for which there
is a demand. In early times the
neighborhood physician was obliged
to practice in all kinds of cases and
also posed as a surgeon and dentist.
Times have changed and the physi
cian now makes a specialty and fol-
lows closely to it.
The same way
with attorneys. We have some law- '
vers who are especially adapted to i
meet the requirements of railroads,
corporations, to practice in criminal I
courts, and for the various other lines .
of work which need assistance from
the legal profession. The formers
are keeping step in this march of
progress. They have learned that in
order to be successful they must have
one special pursuit and thev natural-
ly follow that m which they are most
inturacfa.l m-Vi I. - .. s. l. . :,r i '
or stock, growing wheat, corn or fruit.
Don't keep 'era in a narrow, nasty
A high-bred sire ought to enrich a
town $1,000 if used right.
At ruling prices the breedinir nn of
caoice craves sncuia oe given a great
Keep the sow for a breeder until
she becomes awkward and too heavy,
it she produces good litters.
Next to grass nothing grows pigs
so fast with skim milk as cornmeal.
says the New York experiment sta -
Ring the pigs that are in the or
chard. Then protect the tree trunks
if they manifest a disposition to peel
If the pig? root out dig a trench
one foot deep beside the fence and
tack poultry nets to the posts. Their
sensitive noses will avoid it,
A good trough for little piss can be
made of a long, narrow and shallow
box of any kind. The first feed of
wet bran will make it milk-tight.
In figuring up the profits of your
farm operations for a year you should
always take into account the house
rent and good living the family has
been provided with. If you do not
know how much to credit the farm
with on this account, go to town and
ask some man with a like home and
family to support, how much it costs
him. Doing thus, there is quite likely
to be a surprise in store for you.
A reader in Batavia, Ohio, asks
how to prevent blights on muskmelon.
watermelon and cucumber vines. The
answer usually given is. "Spray with
Bordeaux mixture." It is easy enough
to give this advice it is far more dif
ficult to make use of it In such a way
as to save the plants when they are
bound to blight. That the Bordeaux
mixture affords some protection there
can be no doubt; but in order to be
effective it should be applied - quite
freely and quite frequently. When we
allow bun-s and beetles to riddle the
plants, we cannot expect to keep our
plants free from diseases that stand
ready to attack them. I invariably
add some arsenical poison (preferably
arsenic of lead, or disparene) to the
Bordeaux mixture, and thus make
3ure that insect enemies will not do
much damage. Some of these blights
are insistent diseases, and often take
the plants Just as soon as we are
guilty of the least negligence.
Farmyard manure is a universal
fertilizer, suiting all crops, climates
and soils. In the case of leguminous
crops where great difficulty has been
experienced in arranging satisfactory
artificial mixtures, farmyard manure
has always given excellent results.
SOAPSUDS FOR SCALES.
Common soapsuds will go far
towards keeping plants, vines and
bushes free of scales and insects in
general. On washday the soapsuds
may be utilized to "douse" the leaves.
With a common sprayer one can wet
the under sides of the leaves thorough
ly with the suds. Where it is possi
ble to reach the leaves the treatment
may be easily done. Make a soap
lather and apply it to ail vines and
bushes within reach by dipping them
Into the vessel. Or take one handful
of lather and with the ether hand
draw the infested leaves through it,
so that the under sides are wet,
We hate a man who checlrreins his '
horse uncomfortably. Such a man is
cruel, selfish, and unworthy cf re- j
u'"u """" aiC u ljr iat-' KIUi'1 aiU- mrected trees. In some peachgrow
able animals on the farm. they can j iag states ms ,3 requiretl bv j
do all the farm work and at the same , Every farm shouId nave
time raise high-priced colts every . orchanl of choice fn,its of differenC
year. A first-class grade draft mare , kIads an(1 vanetieS. at feast amIe to
can raise a colt worth S200 to SSOO; , sunnv th ntk,u nf thA ,.
To get rid cf moss and Hncheas ad
hering to the bark of. trees, gire aa
application of whitewash.
As soon as the trees in aa orchard!
come into bearing all other crops ex
cept grass should be discontinued.
Clover is the best plan for tke
orchard. It keeps the ground1 Inner
and moist and at the same tiaae em
riches and shades it.
The growing of fruit trees is the
growing of a valuable crop aa4 Ose
trees deserve and should haTe rick
soil, care and any needed fertilbsarJon.
The only certain cure for "yellows'
j in the peach orchard is to cut cut the
Manure and plow the catch intend
ed for early spring vegetables.
Gather and destrov all the
fruit. It will pav
up to date and very careful ia
packing fruit for market.
Dig the spuds. If they are ripe they
will keep better in the cellar than
In the hill.
If not yet done, clear out the olit
Banking the celery will scon be ia.
Go over the young orchard aad re
move the water sprouts and
limbs that chafe.
Never ceasing care in marketisc i
required. It is a great thing to grow
a crop. But it requires a higher or
der of skill to sell it well.
Cultivation is manure at least it
behaves like it.
For fruitfulness In an orchard tree?
trim in June; if June was skipped. k
it now. Shorten all the branches st
It" Ben Davis orchards will persist
in bin crops, and consumers will per-
, sist in buying Ben Davis apples, bra'5
, it a good business proposition for
orchardists to grow what they can
expect with reasonable certainty and
1 what the people will take? That is
1 the way the majority of commercial
growers look at it.
This has been a hard season in
many parts of the country for newly
transplanted trees, etc. owing to pro
longed drought. It is not too late tc
mulch such trees and plants with a
few forkfuls of partly rotted manure.
The underlying principle for tan
successful management of an annlt?
orchard lies in keeping the soil toe
and porous, so that air and roots eaa
be filled with humus to hold moisture
and maintain bacterial action.
When trees are raised from seed?
there is no certainty that the same
identical variety will be produced.
JIuch of the beauty of any business
is in the profitableness of it: and yet
, year after year with only the most
meager profits. In the growing ol
hoes or other live stock. ?ood pastur
.,se and plenty of it is the cheapest ol
. an iHefis, and M COO(1 as any tbM cx3
be devised for animal growth. Pastur
age increases the profits by curtail
; $2g the cost of production,
The thinning of apples has not aa
yet come into general practice, but
instances were cited by some of those
present which went to provethat sue-
thinnings could be profitably made.
Hon. Theo. Wade told of their experi
ence in thinning during the season
just past. Their orchard of sixteen
acres was set in 1S80. and during the;
past season gave them a net profit of
$125 pr acre. He said that as the
season advanced and the limbs began
to bend with their loads, it looked
like a herculean task to undertake tu.
thin such a mass of fruit. They suc
ceeded In thinning four rows about
half way up the tree, at an expense
of $70, ami when the time for picking
came the results were surprising.
The fruit on the thinned portion was
nearly all first-class, while on the
unthinned portion of the trees and.
the remainder of the orchard, there
were quantities of culls, not wormy,
but imperfect, undersized fruit. He
estimated that $70 expended ia thin
ning brought him in $L00 in cash,
and that the neglect to thin the re
mainder of the orchard must have
Iost to him a great deal more than
that amount- Low heading of art
apple orchard is conceded to be the
During oats harvest, if the weather
promises to be unfavorable for dry
ing cut the crop, which is ofttimes
the case, we set from 3ix to eight
sheaves in single file. When they
have dried out somewhat, a day or
two later we put them into shock
of ten sheaves and cap securely, with)
two sheaves, always laying the taat
one on well broken and back to tie
prevailing winds. This makes a' Ht-
tle extra work, but the oat crosr
is well shocked and cured out ia
much mare for feed and seed
the musty, bleached quality s
found at our elevators.
HINTS ON CORN FO DOCK-
The corn plant is considered a
grass; so far as It3 feeding value ,
it has been shown that the stains
husks contain 60 per cent of all' taw
digestible matter in the entiro sssnf.
This proves that there is sora astrf-,
meat in the sta!k3 and husks-
acre of ground than in the
sides being considered a waste prod
uct, corn stalks have heretofore" an
ally proved a great nuisaace. oa Zhs
farm. If stock animals are turned
loose in the fields after husking fc?
done they waste at least four times
as much as they eat. and often enc
tract corn stalk disease, and leave
the stalks lying in the field to inter
fere with spring plowing.
The dollar's worth of 3ugar Is tha
halt -ahich traps more people ia the
purchase of bills cf groceries than any
other cne thing. They will blindly
and foolishly invest in teas, coffees."
snices. scans, condiments and shoo-
bl - ckin. things about the value of '
which they know little or nothinsi if
they can see a chance to get an extra
ennd or two cf zm-it for a dollar.
: ' ,
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