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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1904)
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- "The Free State of Counani." "The
President of Counani. M. Adolph Bre
. ..iet" "The-Members of the Govern
'' -' sent of Counani'
' ..- These phrases, not without their
r impressiveness, especially to citizens
:ot a republic, nave been much in evi
' dence during the last fortnight or so
ijx the columns of the Paris news
papers. Surrounding them, however,
there has been a romantic mystery.
, Counani? Where is Counani? Some-
-.here in Brazil.; comes the 'vague
, .reply And "Monsieur Adolph Brezet
the 'Chef. du. Gouvernment de Cou-
.. .'Tianl '.This illustrious person, the
..':-commander of- his-army,- Baron Jeite
tfe Ryckelj his financial secretary. Jo
, xph "Marie ."Brezet.. Due-de Beaufort;
'; ,fcis .secretary' of..state ' for foreign' af-
fairs, M. Isidore Lopez Lapuya, and
i:i--l'-;-: -i aw in Paris. But for what?
."Ah!" replies Rumor, "this indomit
" ale Brezet. the Garibaldi of Cou
''l.aani, having just extricated his coun
try from the yoke of the -tyrant, Is
; "here to seek' the French nation's aid
h setting his infant republic on its
S. Evidently-. Brazil was. "the tyrant,"
-but one does not seem to remember
the -epoch-making struggle by which J
, - the "Counanese, under Brezet's . in
tfepid lead, ''seem' 'to nave forced her
'; to, relinquish her sovereignty over
iheir, land. But the fact remains that
-im president and his cabinet are
here, and that several rather mystify
ing interviews with-this -savior of his
country have made their appearance'.
'Curiosity led me to investigate . M.
-.Brezc. bis government and Counani
-jffjiirs generally, and the result is so
. striking as tu need -no comment. Be.
- it said in.parentheses that the address
furnished by the "Chief. of Government
of Counani'' 'had come as rather a
vhock. for it was in no savory quar
ter of the capital. The president's of
Scial letter was more reassuring, for
it was written' upon a. formidable look
ing sheet-headed "EUt Libre du Cou
nani," and stamped with .the great
real of theinew nation' However, here
V" ; ft - OUTCtt A?: wc?f 4,
. A ts.the rwalt'of my -representative's in
;An outlying Paris suburb, shabby
. CemteeTf-wlth the -genteel left out; a
-declassed and sordid .district, skirting
the unlovely ' railway, line'; a mean
street, untidy, cramped,' unclean; a
' tsojialid tenement, bare, cheap, jerry;
sloven concierge in a dark and stag
nant loge; dirty., unswept stairs, five
flights to climb; 'then a common, un
pretentious ttue'tin label, laughable
to .tears, -and you have arrived at the
oflicial residence of the president of
the republic' -sf Counani.
". knock since a .bell is absent
and the doer is .opened by a fine
breez'y'-figare of 'a man. a conquisita
dor fBlllliag the functions of usher.
Tall, broad-shouldered, upright as a
dart;, fearless; evidently, but looking
most sheepishly ashamed of his pres-
ent circumstances, t Yes. he will take
yoar name, and inquire. Muttered
-' question and answer may be heard in
an' inner room, and then the word is
I-iven to enter. So you shufle through
a marro dark passage, another door
is keld open for you, and the president
and his council of state are disclosed
to your astonished gaze.
A small ordinary living room, char-
acteristic of the usual cheap flat; a
floor nncarpeted; newspaper cuttings
banging from the walls for ornament;
- chairs, no two alike, on each side of
yoj on them seated a most extraor-
-ai?iily nondescript set of men, in
' every- attitude of wasting time;
- 'against the further wall by the soli-
. . tary window, studiously closed, two
common writing tables, back to back.
'.'. . plenteouly bestrewn with exhausted
-'.- cigarette lags; an atmosphere of to-
Getf Mania in England.
Lady Violet Greville. writing about
the golf mania, says: "It has reached
ill classes; it has swept England like
-a whirlwind and decimated it like a
pestileace. H you neither play golf
nor bridge, yoa are mot a man; you
' are merely a number. The golf votary
believes that life was made for golf.
?ot golf invented to enable one to
live. It is an obsession, a madness, an
overmastering passion. The ardent
golf player forgets his wife and chil
dren, "ate easiness, his sweetheart, his
comatry, "-while, ae is on the links
swie&mg his golf "stick staring at the
Law fer W
Sev. E. H. Eckel, rector oi an ispis
cojal church in WiUiaawport. Pa and
wke is likely to become the bishop of
lilt Hi err, will Mt tolerate women
vaw'atteM eerriees dad in low cat
jpfrB. shert sleeves and wearing bo
he. He says they ere not conform
ialktjek tmdUmam of 8L Paal and
bacco fog, an odor of smoke many
days stele, with an auxiliary force of
ill-digested garlic, and through all
this, now looking up at you in inquiry
and yes, suspicion the president.
An insignificant, unnoticeable sort
of mam Of middle height, you will
;udge of him sitting. .A sallow, mea
ger face, with shifty eyes; a scanty
mustache, tortured half upward, and
a chin, uninspiring, unconvincing, that
gives evidence only of a desire to grow
a goatee, or else of several days' for
gotfulness of the barber. The only
impression of him that remains is of
a" rosette in a buttonhole; a rosette
that ou take to be of the Legion of
Honor until you look again; and even
that has to be taken off and laid aside
when the wearer ventures into the
You look round and take in the
room and. its occupants again, and
your usher, with his bright torpedo
teard, ia the only relieving sign in a
From the oflicial Red Book we
learn, with a good deal of head
scratching that the Counani "constitu
tion provides for a chief of govern
ment, with very extended powers, who
is assisted by a state council of ten
Inembers and a chancellor, who is
the second head of the administration.
The house of representatives consists
ot an upper chamber and a grand
Public security is assured by a per
manent', force of police and gendarmes,
'and' the republic is represented abroad
L'y a "body of diplomatic and commer
cial agents in every land."
We are then given the constitution
in a series of annexes, with the de
cree of Uayana Assu (M. Adolphe
when he is at home), proclaiming it
in force. Everything is thought of,
even to the flag, which is red with a
white star in the middle. The old
motto of "Justice and Liberty" is re
tained, while a supplementary trade
mark is now added, "Je maintiendral
par Ia Raison ou par la Force," which
A good many people are said to be
of Counani nationality, whether they
like it or not; and everyone has to be
a soldier in varying degrees of intens
ity, from 15 "to 60 years of age.
There ' are then published several
proclamations and protestations,
which do not seem to have met with
any reply-r-except in the case of an
application to join the Universal Post
al 'union, which the bureau at Berne
respectfully acknowledges, but slily
adds that it is impossible to give the
information requested until the mo
ment when the recognition of the
Free State of Counani has been ob
tained. There is also a polite intima
lion from Belgium that she is not in
terested in Counani at present, thank
Two very important documents are
the decrees numbered 43 and 141,
v.hlcb, in the name of the people of
Counani, give permission to foreign
ers to reside there, and even to ob
tain the inestimable privilege of nat
uralization. The main point of these
seems to be the payment of five
francs for a passport.
It only remains to add that this Red
Book is really very nicely printed, and
the punctuation throughout is fairly
correct. The type, too, is clear and
easy to read.
It is now time to recollect that, in
spite of all this, the republic of Bra
zil was still keeping its end up. and
h; legation in Paris was still in fairly
good working order at the old sign.
You go there, just to make sure, be
fore allowing yourself to laugh all you
want. You have the luck to fall in
with a most courteous secretary, who
tolls you briefly this:
Between Brazil proper and French
Texas Fitted for Rice Growing.
Baron Masanao Masudaira. a Japa
nese nobleman, has been traveling in
Texas, which he declares to be a
great country for rice. He regards
Texas as almost equal to his native
country and feels sure that rice can
be raised there with good profit. The
baron is of opinion that in a reason
ably short time many Japanese of
wealth and standing will become resi
dents of the Lone Star state. He is
.anxious that his countrymen shall
share in the general prosperity which
prevails in this country, and thinks
they cannot do better, for climatic
and other reasons, than to settle in
Increase Size ef Breweries.
In the year 1882 there were 10,921
breweries in Germany, while in 1901.
although the production of beer in
creased, the number of breweries de
creased to 6,74. Since 1901 the de
crease in the number has been even
store -sserked. The indications are
that brewing Is an occupation which
'ft is store prodtaMe to condect ea a
Guiana there lies a territory known
as Ccunani, after the principal town
there. The frontiers here had never
been definitely deliminated. but, as
ihe country was comparatively bare
and savage and of little commercial
value, the question was left in abey
ance, and the district became known
a." the "Contested Territory." and for
u long while, indeed, was the happy
hiding ground of the convicts escap
ing from the penal settlement of
In 1895. however, gold was discov
ered and a rush took place, bringing
the country into prominence, and it
was under these circumstances that
the French and Brazilian govern
ments signed a protocol to refer the
question of frontier to the arbitration
o;' Switzerland. -A decision rendered
at Berne in December. 1900, gave the
country to Brazil, and immediately
the government of Rio de Janeiro an
nexed it to the district of Para and
put its administration into due force.
Since that time law and order have
been definitely established there, and
the country enjoys participation in
he constitution of the Republic of
"As for the person who styles him
s.elf president of the Free State of
Counani" (it is still the Brazilian le
gation secretary who is speaking), "he
is simply an adventurer. He certainly
has been to the place, coming from
no one knows where, and but for his
timely withdrawal would have been
arrested, not for anything so grandilo
quent as high treason or tb,e like, but
on a police court charge of theft.
"He escaped to Paris, where he has
got together a band of men like him
Keif, 'gens sans aveu,' of no avow
r.ble profession, and is now simply
trying to get money from the foolish
"Oh, no, he does not trouble us; we
take no notice of him; all we have
t'one is to beg the Paris police, in the
interest of common honesty, to keep
an eye upon him and his gang."
Another illusion gone, another cas
tle in Spain crumbled to dust and
ashes in Counani. Nothing remains,
not even Port Tarascon of the immor
tal Tartarin. Paris correspondence
New York Press.
Forgot Name of His Intended.
"Lemme see," reflected George San
ders, colored, as he stood before Dep
uty Walter Ratcliffe's desk in the
county clerk's office at the court house
yesterday, a perfect picture of per
plexity. "Let me see. what is de
name of dat gal I'm goin' ter marry?"
As the bystanders laughed and
made suggestions. Sanders, who had
come to the court house for a mar
riage license and forgotten the name
of his fiancee, scratched his head and
made an explanation:
"I am plumb excited. I ain't used
to all this to-do of gettin' married, and
I've just forgot that gal's first name
as clean as a whistle."
The witness that Sanders had
brought with him was not acquainted
with the girl's first name, having
known her only as "Miss Johnson,"
and could not help out. Finally, San
ders got his bride-elect over the tele
phone, and this is what he said:
"Say, honey, what is yo front
What the reply was cannot be
stated, but Sanders hastened to ex
plain: "You see, honey, I'm so plumb
excited that I've done forgot it, and 1
can't get de license."
She told him and he turned away
from the instrument exclaiming: "Of
course, I oughter have remembered it
Mattie Johnson, boss." Louisville
Medal for Chemist.
At the annual meeting of the Asso
ciation of German Chemists, held at
Manheim recently, the Liebig gold
medal for distinguished services in ap
plied chemistry was presented to Dr.
Rudolf Knietsch of the Badische Ani
lin und Soda-Fabrik. the discoverer of
the so-called contact process of sul
phuric acid manufacture.
An Uncertain Classification.
A carter was shipping some packed
furniture at Glosgow quay the other
day, and he stood watching curiously
ihe next package to leave his lorry.
"What is this, now?" asked the
"I'm hanged If I ken whether it's
live stock or a bed mattress!" was the
reply, "for I've counted six mice leav
mg it since I left the warehouse, and
it depends on how mony mair there's
left to say what ye'U book it as."
Mercury Vapor Arc Lamp.
The new mercury vapor arc lamp
brought out by the General Electric
company is shown in use for photo
graphic and other purposes at the St.
Louis exposition. An adaptation of
this lamp for, general illumination is
known as the "orthocrome." Prof.
Steinmetz' luminous arc is another
novelty In the illumination exhibits.
Masons in Gold Mine.
Masonic degrees were conferred on
June 22 in a gold mine 1,000 feet be
low, the surface ot the earth at Rose
land, British ClesMa. - . -
jpHBBSHak Nv' ?r m agnsdgrg znmmmmmP
IMr. Wragg avttes contributions eC
any new Ideas that readers of this
pertinent may wish to present, aajft
weald be pleased to answer correapoaeV
ents desiring lnformatioa on suMects
Harassed. Address M. 3. Wragg. Wae
THE FARMER CHEMIST.
The American farmer is learning to
apply the knowledge that science has
been gathering for his benefit. He
knows already that corn of different
kinds is wanted by stock-breeders and
starch-makers, and he is breeding the
grain accordingly. The stock-growers
desire maize that is rich in "protein."
which is the stuff that- goes to pro
duce muscle and blood; the manu
facturers of starch require all of that
substance the corn can furnish and
there is a special demand for corn
that is rich in oil.
The farmer has been taught to find
out, by merely cutting a grain of corn
into pieces with a knife, just about
what percentages it contains of oil.
of starch and muscle-forming stuff.
He knows that nearly all of the oil
is in the "germ" and the "protein"
is mainly in the horny coat of the
seed, and that, the interior of the
grain, apart from the germ, is packed
with starch. A grain of corn, in fact,
is a little box of starch inclosed in
a horny case. If the thickness of the
case is increased the amount of
starch it contains is diminished, or
Understanding these facts, it is
easy enough for the farmer to select
suitable seed for the kind of corn
crop be wishes to produce. By taking
note of the size of the germ, he can
pick out high-oil or low-oil corn. Low
oil corn Is much desired as feed for
bacon hogs, inasmuch as ordinary
maize contains too much oil for the
production of the hard firm bacon
which commands the best price in the
market. The bominy mills, also, de
sire low-oil corn, because the corn oil
tends to become rancid and to injure
the salable quality of their output
Farmers everywhere are talking
about "inoculating" the soil in order
to get a better yield of alfalfa, clover
or other crops. Some of them are
actually bringing soil from fields
where these crops have grown, to
scatter on their own land. Ten years
hence such things will be quite com
mon. Ten years ago the most farm
ers knew that the principle was
sound. They used a small quantity of
buttermilk from one churning to
"start" the cream for another. What
was this but "inoculation," since it
carried the proper bacteria to the
cream and ripened it? Farmers ob
served also that where they used ma
nure which came from stock fed on
clover they had the best "catch" of
clover seed. Here is another case of
"inoculation," for we now know that
the manure contained the special bac
teria which affect the growth of clo
ver. So science is now making these
things clear showing the why of the
how, and enabling us to do at will
many things which we formerly guess
ed at. Knowledge of these things
grows like a snowball when it once
THE VALUE OF TREES.
In many parts of our country farm
ing would be impossible but for the
trees, such is their influence upon the
streams. They regulate the water
supply, and their tendency is to pre
vent both floods and drought; they
supply fuel, one of the greatest neces
sities of life, and furnish the lumber
for the building of our cities, rail
roads, ships and a thousand other
things, without which our present
state of civilization would not have
been possible for ages if at all. This
is why we should be careful of our
forests which are fast dwindling away
in many sections. This is why we
should legislate against sheep-grazing
in the forests, and against all other
practices which tend to cause forest
fires, and why we should try to pro
tect our trees from their natural en
emies1, such as landslides, floods, in
sects and fungi. And it is well to
bear In mind the fact that we cannot
replace in fifty years a tree which we
can destroy in an hour.
"Some time ago I suggested that,
taking one year with another, it may
be good practice to thresh out of the
shock and this for the purpose of
saving grain, because there are too
many farmers who know so little
about stecking that if they would
save their grain they must thresh
from the shock. If grain is well
shocked there will be less loss bar
ring bleachine than if it be poorly
sucked. I nearly always suck my
grain. There is in my neighborhood a
number of farmers about twenty
who have organized themselves into
a ring, so to speak, and they get a
machine and it goes the rounds. The
threshing crew is permanent and they
know where they are to go each day.
ft saves Gathering hands and by the
time they are through the help is all
paid back. I have been watching this
crew and I find that they have been
more successful in saving their grain
during a series of years than the few
THE SHOW RING.
Judicious advertising is just as Im
nortant as eood breeding and feeding.
Show-ring advertising is good when a
breeder has the skill to put his ani
mals In good form to win, but quite
oiten a good breeder does not quite
reach the standard of good careful
fMxlinr that makes winners: but even
If successful in the show ring, unless
printer's ink heralds his success, but
few outside of a circle of friends ever
become aware of what he has pro
It will usually be found that those
who say that "farming don't pay,"
are those who do not use "brains with
brawn." . Their tools and machinery
are badly used, or left to stand In the
weather: their live stock is unpro
tected; their fences and gates aaff
buildings are out of repair. Of
coarse, with such management, farm
ing, nor anything else, will pay.
Keep your horse feeling good by
food aad care and be will store
repay you for the little extra
jm give alat '
iWw ! '-
t THE FARMER AND THE FAIR.
It Is during the months of August
and September that most of our sUte
and county fairs will be held, and it
is every farmer's duty to attend the
sUte fair If possible, aad If not. his
county fair; and to take part in mak
ing it one of the best.
We look upon these annual gather
ings as educational. Here the farm
er can meet his brother farmer, the
one who has made a greater success
in the growing of crops, breeding of
stock and handling machinery, and
gain much practical knowledge that
he needs. You always find the wide
awake, progressive farmer at these
gatherings, and you owe it to your
self, as well as your family, to take
an outing. So attend the fair this
fall, and if possible go prepared to
stay several days. Do not just rush
off on the train and spend a few
hours; Uke a tent and let your fam
ily have some recreation, and you will
have time for gaining the Information
that you need, as it will Uke oaver
al days to go through the different
The Iowa state fair will be during
this month, and will give a splendid
opportunity for those living in this
state to attend one of the most pro
gressive and up-to-date sUte fairs in
Care must be Uken at this time not
to allow the pastures or meadows to
be grazed down too closely. The roots
of the plants need some protection
during the winter, and this can be best
secured by allowing a fair growth in
the field that frosts will kill down
and make a mulch, which will serve
as a protection to the plants during
BETWEEN THE PLOW-HANDLES.
What man In alt the Universe of God
Has better right to look aloft and say
"I'm partner with the Lord, I turn this
To feed His hungry children day by
With all His nlentltude of sun and rain.
And whispering winds from out the ar
He needs the whistling plow-man's cheer
And sinewy arm. to fill each waiting
Who plows a field says to despairing
"Hope is not dead, look up and see the
Who plants, believes that He who suns
Shall bless the labor thus in faith be
gan. Kings of the Earth are they who plow
If. in that work they do their very
No need to envy poor rich men who go
About their greedy quest but crave for
Sweet sleep is given to him who tills the
And sweeter peace of mind, because he
That no man's poorer for his fruits of
Ingathered from the bounty heaven be
stows. EUGENE SECOR.
Farmers in the Southwest have been
too intent on growing and selling raw
material, when they should have been
studying how they could use their raw
material in producing more finished
goods. Raising cattle and cattle feed
and selling both to the feeder at raw
material prices is bad from a busi
ness standpoint It Is the same with
all feed crops, and all sorts of live
stock. There are but two methods of
disposing of feed crops. One Is to feed
them out and sell the resulting beef,
pork or mutton. The other method Is
to sell the feed to some one who is
anxious to convert it into high priced
finished food products. In this case
the feeder makes more money than
When raising calves for the dairy
it is not necessary that they should
be fed whole milk for more than a
week or ten days. They, however,
should always get the first milk
(colostrom) of the dam, as this is
necessary for starting the bowels and
the digestive functions. Gradually
reduce the milk by adding skim milk,
so as to leave off the whole milk en
thely and substitute skim milk when
the calf is three or four weeks old;
by this time they will begin nibbling
second crop clover hay. supplemented
with a little oats or bran. Flax seed
jelly may be added to the skim milk,
commencing with a Ublespoonful at
first. Remember that more calves are
killed by overfeeding than all other
causes. Feed regularly three times
daily until the calves are four to six
week? old. Always feed milk at blood
How can we progress in farming
unless we have the figures to show
the cost of production? Let the farm
ers who have produced the largest
crops on the fewest acres without
decreasing the fertility of the soil
come forward. They are the men
we want to see and question at the
institute. Perhaps a premium for the
lowest cost of production would be
good. Would not this be of more val
ue than to award Mr. Smith a pre
mium for the largest accidental pump
kin? WHAT IS A FRUIT, WHAT A VEGE
TABLE? There are several suggested differ
ences between a fruit and a vegetable,
though the dictionaries do not admit
any. A fruit is the seed of the plant
that bear it; a vegeUble is some part
of the plant itself root, leaves, fruit
It is suggested that vegeUbles grow
Under ground, aad that, as a rule,
they are cooked before they are eaten;
but that fruit may be eaten without be
Every fanner boy wants to be a
school teacher, every school teacher
hopes to be an editor, every editor
would llketo be a banker, every bank
er would like to be a trust magnate,
and' every trust stagnate hopes seme
day to owa a farm aad have chickens
and cows aad pigs aad horses to look
after. We end where we begin.
If you cat the seeoad growth of
clover for hay, do not allow it to reach
that stage of bloom which was permit
ted before the list catting, as the
seeoad growth of clover should be eat
before reaealac fall bloom.
- ..7rrrfc.s:-.. -
PERMANENT FARM HOMES.
The ambition of a great majority
of our western farmers Is to get their
farms paid for. and enough money
ahead to buy a home In the village,
where they expect to retire and take
life easy. This. I think. Is not as it
should be. The fact is these retired
farmers, as a rule, do not Uke the
comfort they expect and are ver
little help to the village. A man with
any ambition is much happier employ
ed than Idle, aad lives longer.
The farmer that expects to leave
his farm at some future time, gener
ally puts very few permanent im
provements on the place while there,
and lets it fall into decay when he
leaves it. He will see plenty of ways
for the income of his acres to be used
in his new home, and will forget, as a
rule, that consUnt repairs have to be
made in order to keep up the farm.
Brother farmers, think twice before
you leave the farm. Remember you
have palled the load up the hill when
you have the farm paid for. and that
the level road is- before you where
you can have many more of the com
forts, yes, and the luxuries of life
now. than while you were paying for
the home. Take the money you would
spend on the village home and put it
on the farm in the way of permanent
Improvements and conveniences
and it will make the home so pleasant
and comfortable that you will not de
sire to go to the village.
Secretary James Wilson is author
ity for the sutement that the famous
"Irish bacon" for which the aristoc
racy of England has been paying
fancy prices and for which no substi
tute would be accepted by them, is
grown in the United SUtes and made
up in Chicago. The genial Sir Thom
as Lipton. be of tea and yacht fame,
is charged with being responsible for
the deception and it is not to be sup
posed that he has been practicing
this bit of commercial deceit with
pecuniary loss to himself. The same
authority also claims that the "Irish
hunter" used by the fox-chasing no
bility of England is an American
product and that certain dealers in
Chicago make a regular business of
picking up all the horses with the
proper conformation that comes to
that market. As fast as a shipment Is
accumulated, it is sent to Ireland,
where the horses are trained to jump
ing and performing other necessary
feats by professional trainers, and
then sold as "the rale ould thing."
In spite of official denial, we always
suspicioncd that we furnished Eng
land with all her mules used in the
Boer war, but few of us ever dreamt
that the "hunter" that made England
famous was our own production. It
is well that we know of these things,
and from now on we will make a reg
ular business of it, and pocket all the
profits instead of dividing up with
SELECTING THE PULLETS.
As your young stock grows, select
from all the broods the very finest,
strongest and most vigorous pullets
to keep for winter layers. Size,
strength and vigor have so much to
do with egg production that one should
ttudy this continually in the flock and
train the eye to see the best egg pro
ducers while yet undeveloped. Save
au such for your own use; never part
with them unless you have more than
you need. After they are selected
keep them well under your own eye
and select from all these the very best
egg producers to lay the eggs from
which will grow your future stock,
and gradually in this way you will
gain in egg production. The best
hens are the ones that lay the largest
number of eggs that are of fair size,
good form and finely finished. Such
eggs sell the best, usually produce the
best and have the best value In the
The farmer who drives his work
will have his plans for the season
well matured before the time is upon
him, and will then be prepared to per
form more promptly each operation
just at the right time. If we master
our work, instead of allowing it to
master us, we will not be compelled
to go through the season pressed at
PRUNING SUMMER ROSES.
Crimson Rambler. Prairie Queen.
Baltimore Belle and other summer
blooming climbing roses should be
pruned just after the flowers fade. In
pruning be careful to cut away the
older growth, or the branches which
produced the late crop of flowers. Do
pot remove the- vigorous growing
shoots, which will bear the clusters
of bloom next season. Cutting away
the growth sUrted during the spring
and early summer will injure the
plant and may cause its death.
If you can secure one. it is well tc
remember that an alfalfa pasture foi
ihe hogs will put size, bone and vigor
into them and probably do more to
render them immune to attacks of hog
diseases than any other one thing.
The daisy is most troublesome in
pasture and sod land, but is not much
seen in well cultivated fields; conse
quently when any seeding down !s
done it should be to clover, and again
plowed up after the one crop is Uken
off, which should be before any daisy
seeds have matured. The daisy will
give no trouble north of a line extend
ed east and west on the northern
border of Missouri.
While trying to make a farm pro
ductive one should also keep a close
watchout for making it a home. His
wife and children are there continu
ously. He owes it to them to give it
all the comfort and beauty he possibl
can' afford. There is ever so much
mere than money in it There Is
more content to the wife, and it is a
necessity ia keeping children on the
Mea who use their credit to obUir
uaaeceaeary things wUl usually come
to the time when they will be unable
to use it to secure those which arc
A SULTAN'S WEALTH
PROFUSION OF GEMS OWNED BY
In Value More Than Sufficient te Pay
the National Debt ef the Country
Monarch Lives in OrienUI Splendor.
A party of American tourisU saw
the jewels ia the sultan's treasury re
cently. The royal throne of Persia,
captured by the Turks in 1514. about
half the size of aa ordinary bedstead,
aad the footstool accompanying it.
were covered with beaten fine gold,
and the entire surface of each was
thickly studded with precious jew
els, chiefly diamoads, emeralds aad
sapphires. There were also some
pearls, rubies and other minor pre
cious stones. The estimated value of
this throne aad accompaniments alone
The turbans, official' paraphernalia
and arms of the former sultan are also
there, glittering with enormous pre
cious jewels of every kind in every
part The throne of Suleiman. II. is
also there, resplendent with the most
valuable of precious jewels
There is also a writing desk or
secretary or ordinary size of the same
character, and hundreds on hundreds
of other minor objects, or public and
private character, made of the finest
materials, most perfectly, and deco
rated in every part with the same
kind and quality of most precious jew
els, from a finger ring and a pipe to
? saddle, sword and scepter.
For. example, there are many cof
fee, tea and other drinking sets, made
of gold, porcelain and a variety of
other fine materials, beautiful in form,
style and workmanship, whose decora
i.ve figures are worked out In a pro
fusion of the most precious jewels,
diamonds, sapphires, emeralds and
rubles, the edges of the cups, mugs or
tankards, as the case may be. being
embossed with diamonds in such 'a
manner as to make them complete
circles of glittering splendor.
To enumerate all the priceless. ob
jects which the sultan's treasury con
tains would require a small library of
books. Suffice to say that our party
of tourists- was of the opinion, ex
pressed then and there, while viewing
the treasury's contents, that what we
saw with our own eyes was of'suf
fcient value, in dollars and cents, to
cay off the entire Turkish debt.".and
that such an exhibition ot splendor
was a sad commentary on the general
status of the people there, a large
part of whom lived in abject squalor
and want close to the very doors of
Oriental splendor as experienced
and illustrated by the Sultan of Tur-1-ey
is no myth, but a distressing real
ity, indulged in at the expense of his
wretched people. Wherever he is there
are the same lavish and expensive
luxury and splendor. His palaces and
all they contain are of the same costly
character,constructed of the finest
materials, of most beautiful style and
artistic design and finish, and every
where resplendent with jewels of all
kinds, where they can be artistically
used to enhance the effect; even some
of the palace ceilings, beyond reach,'
are decorated In figures worked out in
The Rector's Blunder.
This is a verbatim report of a con
versation that took place in an upper
Broadway apartment one Thursday
afternoon about six months ago:
"Is this Mrs. So-and-So?"
"I am the assistant rector of the
"Oh. yes. Won't you come in?"
"Thank you. I saw your name in the
registry and have been trying to find
time to call on you ever since I came
to the church, but somehow I could
not get around in this neighborhood
until tcMlay. But I think I know your
children. Your son sings in the choir,
does he not?"
-And your little girl is in Miss An
derson's Sunday school class, I
"How old are the children?"
"Willie is fourteen and Mamie
"Well, well, anybody would think
your children were older than that."
And he doesn't know to this day
why that woman has stopped going to
church. New York Herald.
Not Suitable for Two Ministers.
One of the most esteemed of the
Texas Methodist preachers was Rev.
John De Vilbis.
Another minister, on his way to San
Antonio, once stopped at the home of
Mr. De Vilbis to enjoy his company
for a few hours.
Finding that his host also expected
to journey to San Antonio on the fol
lowing day. he concluded to remain
... li t.o ttiov miflrht trav-
over wnn mm -w
To acquaint his waiting friend with
the change in his program', he tele
graphed: "Will come to-morrow with
The message delivered, to the
amazement of its recipient, read:
"Will come to-morrow on the Devils
hns." New York Tribune.
The Missing Treasure.
I know a man who has marble halls
nerXA'S m-S; stalls.
Sgow'herlhe is P"
And mere is mc - v .
But he hasn't you. my boy.
Vo master lays down rules for him
But he hasn't you. my boy:
No ofniVfwtM or wish or whim
i nuffcred to oerthrow nw P'""- .
YVwlththe ioy that are thta man s
Is one great woe he hs to bar.
No child Is given to his car
And I have you. mybo
Young Girl Trains Butterflies.
Miss Mabel Adams Ayer of San
Francisco has succeeded in training
Dutterflles. At first the idea aeema
almost absurd, but to see the way
uiiut Aver handles ner pei
Se most nature thing in the world.
I." speaking of them Miss Ayer said:
"WhT it doesni seem t - o
to me. They are just like any other
trained pet. They have their likes and
Suke. and they are really lovable
little things, when you come to know
Harped en Same String.
When Richard Mansfield was Intro
duced to President Roosevelt atthe
WUe House he said: "Mr Prejd-
dnt. I " Mr. Roosevelt at the
2e moment exclaimed: "Mr. Mans-
Hmi " "The l's have it." grave-
y remarked a mutual Wend and
wither of the famous men knew just
whether to laugh or be offeadeo.
Cotton Eachame fer "veraee!.
The designs for a big aew Cotton
exchange for Liverpool have beem
An a Jockey he's a wonder aad he r jver
makes a blander.
He's a master hi the asdMe aad a .
rides a perfect race.
Every common pout of vantage he can -turn
to good advantage.
And It's readily admitted he's a master -mfad
He can seise oa every loophole, he can.
squeeze right through a knothole.
And he'd never meet disaster while ho -"" -.
. thus was gaining ground. - , .
And hed make the poorest hones sfla:'-.--.-.
around the devious courses ---.'.
in open-eyed amazement at the sudden - "- :
speed they'd found.
At the start he's ever ready and hi" "..---'
nerve Is keen and steady . "'--.-
Ami he coolly sets about his task with
And his calmness wonlt diminish: "be.lt" r.
whatso'er a finish. :. -.""..
He just goes and gets the money la a ' ,:'.
most convincing way! .,---. -.v-."-V
JIe"8 a brilll&nt aa a rocket and--ho,. '".:" -
uuugro every - pocaet
And he'd turn into a victory-a palpablov '"--"'.V "!.-'. . "--:. r. ?
defeat - - ; .- y ;. T-":?-1- .:
ut there's no one "keeping- cases'-', on- V : V.-"--'- f--.:.:.y- ".
this Jockev'a nerfnt nn-m- ... T" --- -? "- '-ZL ' - "
For the trouble is he rides them front -c
"s grana stand seat.
New York "Sun!-: -
Falkland's Plague ef
There appears to be. an- excellent
opening for a new Industry, ia' -the:
Falkland islands. Gov. Grey'wtlsoa
reports that.aa agitation l oafoot to
induce the government' to undertake
the diminution of the-wild ".hut in;-;s'
reality much too tame"
that he does not. sympathize
The farmers meaatlm
this deadly work' themselves,
paying $2.50 a hundred for -the upper.-
beak as evidence of slaughter:" aad. it
is suggested' that'from. lOO.OOO tOlSO.--"-000
geese, representing grass" for'20..V
t00 sheep, aright with advantage W. '
destroyed annually. .. -.-:;"-:..- ---...-.-;-.-,
- But the' governor polhts out tkaf-tiie.: .'
uative goose is excellenl-.'eatlngaaj.-'.;
thinks that - commercial: ;eaterprl8e.v$':
might preserve 'from "waste " about '-' ; -. "
millions. pouadsf of food and thVUgtK'c!:"''
ilass. down. which. thls:laagkter.' &twv"-: '.
videa :, f- ; - .-."..-.-.-:..-.-;? -;...,:
.This;, is to' say atf hlng tk0'.fmit-:-Suantity-
of eggs which- ar-.. broke - -.-.'
veariyl-Stray Stories.'-? '.'"-. ;-D:-V
- Judgo Got Bask His Wallet -.:; s-.$ -
While sailing down the bay- la'.kw'VS. ';:-. ";
cat boat .the other, day. withJt parly, ;
judge: Stackpole' lost -his" wallet' Wer- :
board; uear..Riverhead;'-L. .1. - It-had-,
about $35 in ft. The -loss" wasp aot .dls'';
covered until' some rtime later. ;whea;..
't came floating along, while-. so"me-tf
he party were in-swimming..-' A- few;"
of the. bills in the pocketbook - had!,
loated away! -" Otherwise, all." -of-the'-;
money was "recovered. "The person .'
who discovered the wallet and money--boating
along with the' current' was
considerably surprised. At first it was.
thought that the bay must' have more",
money in it than fish, and the other :
members of the party made a scramble',
to get hold of some of the "riches that '.
appeared to be floating right into their':--open
arms. Their Joy was' short-lived," "
however, for the judge quickly disco v-;
ered with his keen legal eye that the
money belonged to him. '' r
Herr Reiser, a German dentist
whose hobby is palentology. from
a study of a number Of prehistoric
skulls holds that dental troubles
were largely prevalent among the. peo
ple of the stone and bronze ages, the
incisors being in 'many cases worn
away to the root. The "dining-room
furniture" of primeval man. says a"
medical paper, was. in fact, in Herr
Reiser's experience, as scanty and'
dilapidated as it is in his civilized
descendant. He says he has found
traces of filing von teeth which he
examined, from which he infers that
there were dentists in prehistoric
A Phosphorescent Lake.
There is a small phosphor esceat
lake in New Providence Island, which
proves a great attraction to visitors
It is 1.000 feet in length and 300 feet
in width, and a row upon it at night
discloses a scene of great beauty
Each row boat is accompanied by two
boys as out-swimmers, and. as the
boat is shoved off from the shore,
these swim out by its side as in a
cloud of phosphorescent fire. At the
slightest disturbance the water is lit
up like molten silver, and when an oat
is lifted out of the water, the falling
drops are like blue-tinted pearls, and
each movement of the boat makes
light enough to plainly show the bot
tom, as the water is excessively clear.
Hen Died of Broken Heart
A Plymouth Rock hen hatched out
four ducklings about six weeks ago
at St. Catharines, Ont. Her counte
nance wore a somewhat surprised ex
pression when she first gazed upon
he web-footed brood, but she cared
for them with maternal instinct. But
the hen's appetite failed, and the look
of surprise grew into one of disgust aa
the ducklings grew. The strain was
too much, and the other day. with a
last look at her charge, the hea top
rled over and died, undoubtedly from
a broken heart.
Tramp Really Was Hungry.
A tramp was arrested at Ludlow.
Mass., who claimed to have beea four
r"ays without food. The kind-hearted
officer took the famished man to- a
restaurant, where he ate a meal which
fer the quantity of food coasumed
'teats all known records in the town.
The meal Included ten large slices
oi bread, about two pounds of meat'
tour large pieces of pie and six dough
nuts washed down with four cups oi
Ancient Watches Still Keep Time.
A jeweler in Boone. Iowa., has a
collection of watches and clocks that
date back hundreds of years aad still
keep time. One watch has a diamond
set gold works and silver case la
dated 1538. 'A 1685 watch bears the
trade mark. "Gray's. Bead street.
1685." A clock is dated 1687. aad there
are two very old clocks haviag wssd
ea works ia his store for repairs. All
keep perfect time.
Lemon Tree Worth Owning.
Mrs. A. C. Wellman of Brookliae,
Vt., recently picked from her lemoa
tree a lemon weighing thirteen aad a
half ounces aad measurlag twelve
Inches one way and eleven laches the
other ia circumference. The lemoa
has beea growing fourteen months.
The tree, which is three years oM
aad about five feet high. -has always
beea kept Indoors.
Immenerty'ef the Sun.
If the saa were bellow ft could hold
500,000 globes the sue of oar earth.
&ad ea eye-capable ef
jeware miles aa hoar woaM
iity-tve jeers to see all Ke
. . "
. - .
" --a-- .".-11-
, V J.-T-.
---fv: -.-. i
e - - -- v.- ..- - .
-- - -. --
goose: and ".-'.':L--"'-v.: ''$ &'t'i
with-it:. -.: .:,--:--:f . -:;.
e. are -doaM.-V"::rJl-r-"r-:s-s-'-:
.and are-iv.ir- -r
w-- v v.'.---.-. , -"'
. - - '.
; T f r
.:- .-t.-',7-l- -r-"r
i .- -.- - -
- ' . .'I
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