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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1904)
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Romance in a "Graft"
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WORLD'S FAIR FAR BEYOND EXPECTATIONS
Verdict of a New York Writer Who Spent a Week at the
Exposition at St Louis in July.
The World's Fair at St. Louis is
cow in the midst of its splendid sea
son. Colossal, complete, cosmopoli
tan, it commands the attention of the
.world as no other enterprise of the
' present year. From all nations there
are pilgrims coming to this shrine,
, and from all our states and territories
. there is a constantly growing throng
of visitors. United States Senators,
-Governors of States, men eminent in
science, art and letters all express
-unqualified admiration for the Exposi
tion" and free acquiescence in' the oft
repeated statement that this is by far
the greatest and best universal expo
sition ever held.
During July a well-known magazine
and newspaper writer from New York,
Mr.rAddison Steele, spent a week at
-the" "World's Fair, inspecting the
'grounds, buildings and various attrac-
, lions as thoroughly as was possible in
that limited period. Returning home.
"Mr. Steele published in Brooklyn
"Life the following appreciative com-
mentis on the Exposition:
In the expressive language of the
cay; 6t Louis "has the goods." I had
' expected much of the Louisiana Pur-1
chase Exposition, ror l bad kept in
touch with the making of it from its
.very inception, five years ago; but
after nearly .a week of journeying
tbrough this .new wonderland I must
'confess that in every essential par
ticular it is far beyond, my expecta
tions. The biggest and best it was
meant to be and the biggest and best
it is. The exposition, rumors notwith
standing, is quite finished.
One of the greatest, and certainly
one of the most agreeable, of my many
surprises was the extreme beauty of
the main group of buildings. For the
simple reason that the camera does
not exist which could take in the
vast picture as the eye sees it, the
early views of the group a bit here
and a bit there gave a scant idea of
the scheme as a whole. -Nor did the
early views of the ten individual
Luildings which make up its compon-
HAS FAD FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.
Thousands of Negatives Made For
Millionaire August Belmont.
Among rich Americans perhaps
none is so fond of being photographed
as August Belmont. James R. Keene
being a close second. One New York
photographer, whose patrons arc most
ly wealthy men, has made thousands
of negatives for Mr. Belmont in the
last few years. One of the largest
single orders for prints from old nega
tives ever received by this photog
rapher came from Mr. Belmont himself
soon after the death of his wife. It
included a good print from every nega
tive in which Mrs. Belmont appeared.
The photographer never guessed how
many photographs he had taken for
Belmont till then; he found that they
numbered nearly a thousand.
Why Birds Live Long.
Why do birds live so much longer
than mammals, which are often a hun
dred times their size? Possibly, among
other things, because they have beaks
instead of teeth. All carnivorous
beasts become weak and liable to star
vation, as their teeth drop out or
break. Neither are the herbivorous
animate in much better case. Old
horses would probably die of starva
tion if wild, for their teeth would fail
them; indeed, in some stony countries
old horses have to be killed because
their teeth are worn away by cropping
grass close to the rock. Rodents con
stantly die from injuries to teeth. But
a bird's beak neither wears out nor
drops off, and as it constantly swal
lows fresh grit to aid in grinding food
in the gizzard that needs no repairing
Modest Philadelphia Policeman.
Philadelphia policemen are easily
shocked. One of them arrested a
handsome young lady a.few days ago
for raising her skirts too high vrhile
'crossing a muddy street on a rainy
day. It isn't often that cops feel called
npoa to determine questions of eth
ics. The justice who heard the case
discharged the prisoner. Pennsylva
nia has no statute defining the exact
lines of feminine proprieties in mat
ters of this kind.
Lawyers in Public Life.
- The membership of our house of
.representatives has 236 lawyers out
of a total of 357. The house of com
mons, on the other hand, has- only
129 lawyers in a total of 670, while
the French chamber shows an at
tendance of 139 lawyers In a total of
Week en Garibaldi Statue.
t There are prospects of finishing the
.Garibaldi atatae ia Rome. It was be
gaa.ia 1884 and may be unveiled in
1911 if all goes welL The sculptor
GaBori has been commissioned to com
plete the work
ent parts do justice to their nobility
of architecture and general grandeur.
Then again in the ground plans and
bird's-eye sketches the only possible
manner of showing it the ran-shaped
arrangement of this group looked stiff
and unsatisfying. Far from that, it is
quite as remarkable in its way as the
famous Court of Honor of the Colum
bian Exposition. In one respect it is
even more notable, for instead of two
grand vistas it offers a dozen. The
main vista is. of course, the one look
ing up the Plaza of St. Louis whose
crowning feature is the great Louisi
ana Purchase Monument and across
the Grand Basin to the Cascade Gar
dens. On the right are the Varied In
dustries and Electricity buildings and
on the left Manufacturers and Edu
cation, these with Transportation and
Machinery still further to the right
and Liberal Arts and Mines beyond
at the left making up the body of the
fan. For its handle the fan has the
Cascade Gardens rising in a grand
terrace to a height of sixty-five feet
above the floor level of the buildings
mentioned and crowned by the great
Festival Hall, the Terrace of States
and the East and West Pavilions and
the Fine Arts building directly behind.
The Pike has in the Tyrolean Alps
the finest concession that I have ever
seen. There is a great square with
many quaint buildings, a little village
:-treet. and above the snow-clad moun
tains which look very real as the
T.ffS- .a -,'.J
MONUMENT AND PALACE OF
evening falls. The best scenic rail
road yet devised affords several fine
glimpses of the Alps and there is a
very graphic exposition of the Ober
ammergau passion play in the little
church. The Cliff Dwellers' conces
sion also looks very realistic at night
fall. It is elaborate in arrangement
ard the courting, snake and other
dances by, the Southwestern Indians
make it another of the Pike shows
which, should be taken in by all. In
Seville there Is an amusing marionette
theater .and some genuine Spanish
dancing. For the rest the Pike offers
How the Waiter Lost a Tip.
At one of the Kansas City hotels
where the colored waiters give espe
cially good -service, but always expect
adequate remuneration for the same
from the guests, a waiter was espe
cially officious the other day in serv
ing a man from whom he expected a
liberal tip. When the meal had been
served and he was standing off at one
emIo. eagerly looking for an opportu
nity to be of service, he said to the
"Didn't yo' have a brothah heah last
"Nc," said the one addressed, "I be
"Well," continued the waiter, "theh
was a gem'man heah at mah table
what looked ve'y much like you, and
he was so well pleased with the serv
ice that he gave me 50 cents when he
The guest had by this time finished
his meal, and as he arose he said to
the expectant servitor:
"Come to think of it, Sam. that was
my brother that was here, and I guess
he paid you for the whole family. He
may be back again in a week or two."
Kansas City Journal.
Church and School for Indians.
Mother Katherine Drexel of Phila
delphia, founder and head of the Or
der of the Blessed Sacrament, com
posed of nuns who devote their lives
to the uplifting of the Indian and ne
gro, has offered $500,000 of her own
private fortune with which to build
a church and school for the Indians
of the Winnebago, Neb., reservation.
The only condition is that the Indians
consent, and this Father Schell of
Homer. Neb., has obtained.
Actor's Opinion of Managers.
Wilton Lackaye, the actor, told a
friend some time ago that he had
made a dramatization of Hugo's "Les
Miserables." The friend congratulat
ed him. but doubted whether any New
York manager would produce the
piece. "Produce It." sneered Lackaye.
"Why, my boy, I doubt if any New
York manager could pronounce It."
Smart Woman 'Becomes Citizen.
Miss Millie. Holmes. English, has.
after twelve years' residence, taken
out naturalization papers in order to
be eligible for a position at the Phil
adelphia mint Few women apply
for naturalization, but it is noted that
Miss Holmes showed a rare knowl
edge of the constitution and passed
the examination with high credit
Few of Fremont Guard Left.
At last accounts the Brooklyn man
engaged In rounding up the John C.
Fremont old guard of 1856 had suc
ceeded in getting three responses. He
wants them for campaign purposes. If
there are more of them alive it isn't
to be wondered at that they are reluc
tant to make the fact known.
infinite variety, and as a rule the full
money's worth is given. The enor
mous Jerusalem and Boer War con
cessions are not on the Pike.
It is a case of dine at the German
Pavilion and die at the exposition. In
a beautiful Moi rne Kunst building;
adjoining Das Deutsche Haus the best
fcod and the highest prices on the
grounds are to be found, the table
d'hote lunch and dinner costing two
and three dollars, respectively. There
is also a la carte service. Evsry thing
considered, the prices are not exces
sive, and at least one meal shotud be
taken there for the experience. An
other should be taken at the Tyrolean
Alps, either outdoors or in the gor
geous dining-room in the mountain
side. The best French restaurant is
at Paris, on the Pike. Lower in prices
and in every way admirable are the
two restaurants conducted by Mrs.
Rorer in the pavilions of Cascade
Gardens. The east one has wait
resses and no beer and the west one
waiters and beer. For a bit of lunch
Germany. France and England all
offer delicious pastry in the. Agricul
tural building. These are not free
ads, but time-saving tips for the trav
eler. There are no end of restaurants
to fit all purses on the grounds. I
tried nine of them and nowhere found
the prices more than they ought to be.
As a matter of fact, for neither food
cor lodging no one need pay any more
at St Louis than he feels that he can
bfford, and yet be well fed and housed,
it he will use ordinary common sense
in making a selection out of the
Hot? Yes, but on the two hottest
days of the summer at St Louis I
suffered no more from the heat than
in New York before leaving and after
returning. Every day of the seven
there was a breeze at the fair grounds
and It was always possible to find a
shady spot The nights were cool and
SET THEM ON EACH OTHER.
Belligerent Callers Fooled by Quick
witted Newspaper Man.
Representative Brownlow of Ten
nessee tells that once he was running
a country paper during campaign
times and was printing "fighting"
language every week. One day, just
after the paper was out, a big man,
armed with a club, walked into the
sanctum and fiercely inquired if the
editor was in. The frightened Brown
low had wit enough to answer that he
was not. but that he would go out
and hunt him up. He started for the
street and at the foot of the stairs
met another irate fellow, who asked:
"Will I find the editor of this dirty
sheet upstairs?" "Yes." said Brown
low, "he's up there at his desk just
itching for a fight." The second man
went up and Brownlow disappeared.
Which whipped the other is not re
lated and Brownlow didn't go back
during the day to find out
Ancient Phases Corrupted.
Ancient Picts In England were
called by the Celtic word "pehta" or
fighters. This was Latinized into Pic
ti. So, too, Barbary of the ancient
maps is a monument to the miscalling
of the Berber tribe by the Greek word
signifying "barbarian." Even the leg
end of the victory of Guy of Warwick
over the dun cow is assailed by ruth
less etymologists, who insist upon its
derivation from his conquest orer the
"Dena gau," or Danish settlement, at
the champion's gates. The Celtic
words 'alt maeu" are responsible for
many "old man" crags upon sea coasts
and among mountains. They mean,
however, "high rock."
Progressive Egyptian Ruler.
Prince Abbas Hilmi, khedive oi
Egypt, who was in London recently, is
a clever farmer, a skillful engineer, a
master of five languages, a scientist
a keen man of business, a yachts
man and a prince of many social ac
complishments. He is also a sanitary
reformer and has built a model village
not far from his place at Koulbeh, on
the outskirts of Cairo. He is a well
built man of medium height.
Biblical Truth Shown by Papyrus.
Dr. Carl Schmidt of Heidelberg has
succeeded after seven years of hard
work in piecing together 2,000 small
fragments of papyrus and translating
the contents from the Coptic. He
says that he has the first accurate
and complete account of the acts of
Paul. The papyrus was inscribed in
ISO A. D.
Favors French National Church.
According to the Paris Presse M.
Combes, the French premier, desires
that the French Catholics should
break off from ihe "Roman church and
form a French national church, with
a pope of its own.
The best grafts in the world are
built up on copy-book maxims aad
psalms and proverbs and Esau's
fables. They sem to kind of hit off
human nature. Our peaceful little
swindle was constructed on the old
saying: "The whola push loves a
One evening Buck and Miss MaUojr
drives up like blazes in a buggy to a
farmer's door. She is pale but affec
tionate, clinging to his aim always
clinging to his arm. Any one can see
she is a peach and of the cling vari
ety. They claim they are eloping for
to be married on account of cruel par
ents. They ask where they can find
a preacher. Farmer says: "B'gum,
there ain't any nigher than Rev. Abels,
four mile mile over on Caney Creek."
Farmeress wipes her hand on her
apron and rubbers through her specs.
Then lo, and look ye! Up the road
from the other way jogs Parleyvoo
Pickens in a gig, dressed in black,
white necktie, .long face, sniffing his
nose, emitting a spurious kind of
noise resembling the long meter dox
ology. "B'jinks!" says farmer, "if thar ain't
a preacher now!"
It transpires that I am Rev. Abijah
One of the great forest fires was
the Miramichi fire of 1825. It began
its' greatest destruction about 1
o'clock in the afternoon of Oct. 7 at
a place about sixty miles above the
town of Newcastle, on the Miramichi
river, in New Brunswick. Before 10
o'clock at night it was twenty miles
below Newcastle. In nine hours it
had destroyed a belt of forest eighty
miles long and twenty-five miles wide.
Over more than 2.500,000 acres al
most every living thing was killed.
Even the fish were afterward found
dead in heaps along the river banks.
Five hundred and ninety buildings
were burned and a number of towns,
including Newcastle. Chatham and
Douglastown. were destroyed. One
hundred and sixty persons perished
and nearly 1.000 head of stock.
Peshtigo's fire of October, 1871, was
still more severe than the Miramichi.
It covered an area of over 2.000 square
miles in Wisconsin and involved a
loss in timber and other property of
many millions of dollars. Between
1.200 and 1,500 persons perished, in
Just a Wild Flower
It lay in the streets of the city a wild
flower from the fields.
Trampled by hurrying human feet,
beaten and crushed and alone.
Till a ragged child the kind of a child
the slum of the city yields.
Seized it with eager lingers and carried
it swiftly home.
Home? Can a wretched basement be
worthy of such a name?
Home where a drunken father but adds
to poverty's shame?
Bnt 'twas home to the ragged little girl,
for wasn't her mother there?
Toiling all day at the steaming tubs,
weary and full of care?
She held up the wilted blossom: "See.
mammy. It's mine to keep!
I found it up on the corner O mammy,
nin't it sweet?
An did you have this very kind when
you was little like me
And lived 'way oft in the country? How
beautiful that roust be?
"DarlinV' the mother dried her hands
and took the faded flower;
"It's adalsy from some far meadow O,
many and many an hour
Did I wander the sweet fields over and
gather the pretty things;
Actor's Youth Well Kept
The mysterious faculty of keeping a
youthful appearance well into the
meridian of life which so many ac
tresses and actors possess received a
fresh illustration the other day. Frank
Deshon, who a generation or more ago
used to play the part of the old miser
in "The Chimes of Normandy," has
come in from a season on the road
with a musical comedy company, and
he told on the Rialto the incident
which showed how lightly his years
sit on him.
"I was playing in 'The Princess
Chic,'" he said, "and during a semi
dark scene I had a sort of wrestling
bout with another character. We were
supposed to receive what light there
was, and it was rather essential thatl
we did receive it, for the business was
pretty strenuous, and in the dark one
Just how fast salmon can travel has i
never been proved. Owners of weirs
say that a healthy salmon can swim
faster than a torpedo boat. Here is
some evidence on the subject:
Frank Arey of Winterport, Me.,
went fishing the other day at the pool
below Bangor Dam. He landed two
small salmon on the flood tide. About
11:30 a. m. he struck a big one. which
caused his rod to bend until ir was
perilously near the breaking point.
Then the salmon darted under the
boat and catching the line against
the keel, severed the fly and leader
from the silk string and escaped.
Disgusted with his luck, the young
man landed and went to Bangor at
11:40, remaining in the city until the
afternoon train took him home. His
Indian Game of Ball
Indian ball Is a peculiar, a fascinat
ing, and a bloody game. It is played
on a ground almost like a gridiron.
There are two goals 150 yards apart
and the object is to pass the ball be
tween these goals. The ball is a base
ball, the Indians making them them
relves with yarn covered with deer
skin. A stick about two feet long
with a spoon shape at the end backed
by thong laces is used, and In this
spoon the Indian must catch the ball.
He is not allowed to touch it with
his hands. He catches and throws
with his club. The game is a skir
mish all the time, and there are
twenty players oa a side. Aa Iadiaa
catches the ball ia his stick, if he is
skillful. He starts on a ma for his
coaL He is immediately tackled by
Greea, traveling over to Little Bethel
schoolhoese for to preach next Sun
The young folks will have it they
mast be married, for pa is pursuing
them with the plow mules and the
buckboard. So Rev. Green, after hesi
tations, marries em la farmer's par
lor. And farmer grias, and has la the
cider, and says "B'gam!" aad farmer
ess saifles a bit aad pats the bride
on the shoalder. And Parleyvoo Pick
ens, the. wrong reverend, writes oat
a marriage certilcate, aad farmer aad
farmereess sign it as witnesses. And
tae parties of the trst, second and
third part gets in their vehicles and
rides away. Oh, that was an Idyllic
graft! True love aad the lowing sine
and the sun shining oa the red barns
it certainly had all other impostures
I know about beat to a batter.
I suppose I happened along in time
to marry Buck and Miss Maloney at
about twenty farmhouses. I hated to
think how the romance was going to
fade later on when all them marriage
certificates turned up in banks where
we'd discounted 'em, and the farmers
had to pay them' notes of hand they'd
signed running from 300 to $500.
cluding nearly half the population of
Peshtigo, at that time a town of 2.000
inhabitants. Other Ires of about the
same time were most destructive in
Michigan.' A strip of about forty
miles wide and 180 miles long, extend
ing across the central part of the
state from Lake Michigan to Lake
Huron, was devastated. The esti
mated loss in timber was about 4,
000,000.000 feet board measure and In
money over $10,000,000. Several hun
dred persons perished.
A destructive fire of more recent
years was that which started near
Hinckley. Minn.. Sept. 1. 1894. While
the area burned over was less than
in some other great fires, the loss of
life and property was very heavy.
Hinckley and six other towns were
destroyed, aMut 500 lives were lost,
more than 2,000 persons were left
destitute and the estimated loss in
property of various kinds was $25.
000,000. Except for the heroic con
duct of locomotive engineers and
other railroad men the loss of life
would have been far greater.
Ah, me! Ah. me! It was long ago, but
how their memory clings!"
It was only a wilted daisy dropped In a
But it lay. that night, in the little hand.
while dreams surpassing sweet
Flitted. like gay-winged butterflies.
through the little sleeper's mind
Dreams of the dear, green country she
had always longed to find.
O. children who dwell in the midst of
fields where the wild flowers grow
Think of the child whose only field is the
suning city street:
Gather and send the daisies fair to the
dreary tenement place.
Where little hearts are hungering for tht
wild flowers dainty grace.
It is little to do. but the blessing that
goes with the gift you send
Will brighten and gladden a little life
and a precious Joy will lend
To the cheerless home, to the dreary
child, to the mother's life of woe.
For it carries a breath from the beauti
ful fields where the daisies love to
Los Angeles Times.
of us might have been injured. But
one night, just as the scene got fully
under way, the light man switched
the glim upon the leading woman and
kept it on her till the scene was over.
I was good and angry, and made no
bones of saying so; In fact, I called
the light man a blooming incompetent
What was my astonishment to hear
him muttering to one of his com
" 'Ump, calls me a bloomin' incom
petent, does he? I'll have him know I
worked the lights for his father when
he played old Gaspard In 'The Chimes
of Normandy,' and he never made no
kick. His father was a real actor,
"I had to find what compliment I
could in his tremendous emphasis on
father" New York Times.
father met him at the station saying
I have got your fly and leader all
right, Frank. I found them in the jaw
of a twenty-six pound salmon which
I took from the weir at high tide to
day. It was just 12:10 when I dipped
tne fish from the weir into my punt
What time did you lose your rig?-"
On comparing watches, father and
son learned that the fish had gone
from a mile above Bangor to Bucks
port Center, a distance of thirteen
miles, inside of balf an hour. The
tide was flowing up river at the time
at the rate of three or four miles an
hour. After making due allowance
for every condition. It was proved
that the salmon had covered the dis
tance at the rate of about twenty-eight
miles an hour. New York Sun.
all his opponents, and the scene close
ly resembles a "down." He runs as
tar as he can aad then tries to tarow
the ball. The opposing players balk
at him at every move. They strike
his stick, if they can. and if not they
strike whatever is in reach, oftea the
head of the player. The games are
sometimes very bloody, especially
whea played between rival towas, aad
many a player has been killed la the
game. Whea womea play they are
allowed to use their hands la addi
tion to the sticks. They caa throw
the ball any way they like. They are
as fleet as the mea, and with the ad
vantage of their hands, oftea win. A
game consists of ,tweaty-oae poiats.
aad there Is no time limit They
play antll oae side has pat the ball
through the goal twenty-one times.
""KmferfSgClV&r. . '.21 ..s0 . ..-.. .... rittLjr. avaumsr
Mr. Wrasa Invite coatrttmtloas et
say new Ideas that readers of this d
partBMBt may wish to present, ana
would be pleased to answer correspond
ents destrina information on subjects
discussed. Address M. J. Wragg. Wsa
WILL PLUMS PAY?
Yes, plums are growing in demand
every year at the same ratio of any
other fruit. More plums are used
now than ever before. True, they do
not bring the high price they did
twenty years ago, but the last season
found a ready market for this fruit,
ranging from $1.00 to $2.00 per bushel,
and as the season has been lengthened
by the introduction of many of our
new early sorts together with some
late sor:t. makes it a fruit to be de
tired by the man embarking in fruit
culture. We know of no family of
fiuit that has developed so quickly,
and everything goes to show that
Iowa is the home of the plum, for
from the family of indigenous plums
has been bred some of the very best
of our fruiting varieties. For early
plant Wild Goose, and in favored lo
cations this can be followed by Red
June. Abundance. Pottamattomle. etc..
but for the mid-season plum, the ones
to depend upon one year with another
and never be disappointed, we would
advise planting Forest Garden, De
Soto, Wolf, Hawkeye, Stoddard, etc.
These varieties, while not the highest
in quality, yet are the ones to get
the bushels from. Those having clay
or timber soils, whose land is ad
jacent to streams, can plant many of
the European sorts with success. Of
these we would advise the planting
cf Lombard, Tatge, German Prune,
etc. By all means plant out this
spring a few of these luscious fruits,
and if the hen house has no better
protection we know of no better place
to plant them than about it.
Pencillaria was much advertised in
certain quarters during the past year
or two. Some of our readers may not
know that it is the same plant as
pearl millet. Such is the fact, never
theless. We have tried pearl millet
at our experiment station. We have
grown it both for pastures and fod
der. One chief objection to it is that
live stock do not take very kindly to
it We have concluded that either
corn or sorghum is preferable to pen
cillaria. It may have a mission away
South, but it is not probable that it
will ever become popular in the
We are often asked the reason for
using lengthy botanical names, which
tax both tongue and memory, when
we have short, familiar titles that
convey the same meaning. This criti
cism sounds quite reasonable, yet.
when we study the matter, we find
that the familiar title does not always
convey the same meaning, and that
the universal language of science is
the only one absolutely certain. We
recollect hearing two of our friends
debating over wild honeysuckles.
"Such a lovely pink." said one. "Why,
they're red and yellow," said the
other. Further questions showed that
the upholder of pink honeysuckles
referred to the native Azalea nudi
flora, known in some sections as pinx
ter flower, while her opponent meant
by red and yellow honeysuckle the
wild columbine, Aquilegia Canaden
sis. Neither of these plants has any
right to the name of honeysuckle,
which belongs to the Lonicera in its
various forms, yet local nomenclature
has bestowed it upon both. We need
not go to the other extreme and ask
for a peck of Solanum Tuberosum
when we need potatoes, but we may
just as well acknowledge the propri
ety of botanical names after all.
The farther north we get, the more
roots are grown for stock; carrots for
horses; turnips and mangels for cows
and sheep. One extensive farmer said
he fed a great many mangels to his
fifty horses and knew it was better
for them than all grain and very much
cheaper. Mr. DeLancey, in the in
stitute work in North Dakota, recom
mends carrots for horses very high
ly, and says if one does not grow
them it will pay to buy them, to mix
with the other feed once or twice a
week. Prof. Henry says: "The car
rot is by all odds the root for horses."
Next to a match that will not light
is a friend who will not stand up for
von In an emergency. All have friends
who are always ready to say a good
word for you when they are not need
ed; but when the time comes to test
them, they fly away like birds at the
approach of the cat. Let us nope that
in the next world, if not in this, ail
shall have the chance to find out what
true, fearless, unalterable, perfect
friendship Is friendship that cares
not whether you are poor and III
clothed or rich and arrayed in fine
raiment; friendship that casts its lot
with yours, whether you munch crusts
or feed on pheasants; that will re
main at your side, whether you walk
on cobble-stones or ride in state over
the king's highway.
On every farm wood ashes should
be carefully stored under shelter.
When leached the mechanical effect
npoa the soil Is all the virtue left in
them. Ashes should never be com
posted, or mixed with any nitrogenous
fertilizer, but should be applied sep
arately and only on the surface. Rains
will do the rest There is no better
fertilizer for orchards than wood
WHERE THE LIME COMES FROM.
Heas don't obtain the lime which
they aeed for forming the shells of
eggs from limestone, oyster shells or
other inorganic material. The lime is
la the food in a soluble condition.
aad if this were not the case the hen
would speedily become bankrupt in
egg-shell Material though she lived
la a limestone quarry. Lime is intro
duced Into the system of the hen in
the same maaaer that it is introduced
tato that of her owner.
Many folk of decidedly less ability
thaa you, get along much better than
yoa. Perhaps it is because they try.
while, yon cry!
STICK TO ONE BREED.
Almost any breed is better than a
mixture. Suppose we should start
out to get the good qualities of all
breeds. We buy a few Poland China
sows, as everybody seems to keep
them. We hear the Berkshires are
good mothers and they "are English,
you know." so we get a Berk hog: we
save our pigs and read that the Ches
ter Whites never die with cholera or
anything else unless Armour gets
hold of them. We must have this ad
mirable quality in our herd, so we
must have a Chester White hog.
Next year a Jersey Red for beauty
and finally hear of a fine breed jst
patented that seems to be just wiat
ve want. Now what do we have for
all our yoars of labor? A hog con
taining the good qualities of all these
breeds? I think not. but the concen
trated meanness and "orneryness" nf
them all. We may be able to peddle
pigs among our neighbors to scare
off tramps with, but can scarcely ex
pect to live long enough to get them
fat enough for market.
Hon. James Wilson, secretary of ag
riculture, says old methods are worn
out and must be displaced by modern
methods. The farmer of to-day is the
scientific agriculturist of to-morrow.
People, he said, might call these new
fangled ideas if they wanted to. but
they were substantiated by facts. The
farmer must learn to make his ground
yield the most. This knowledge he
would never gain unless he familiar
ized himself with the science of the
KeepHhe hen house clean. This is
balf the battle. You have cead this
hundreds of times, but are you doing
More fowls should be kept on our
farms. They pay. and pay well. Keep
an account with them one year and
see if they do not.
Much may be accomplished in im
proving the flock by picking out the
best year after year and breeding from
them. A good many farmers follow
the opposite course. They pick out
the best fowls and put them on the
market. These are the sort of people
who say there is no money in chickens.
Money in poultry? Of course there
is. There is always money in any
thing that is a necessity of life. Eggs
and poultry may be reckoned as ne
cessities. There may be brief periods
when there is no money in fowls, and
some people make little at any time,
but there is always a good, fair profit
in poultry. It all depends upon you
to get this profit out.
The question is sometimes raised
as to when clover draws nitrogen
most freely from the air. The con
clusion is now pretty general that, al
though the clover begins to fix atmos
pheric nitrogen soon after it begins to
grow, the fixation increases with the
ago of the plants during the period of
growth until they reach maturity.
These conclusions are based upon ex
periments carefully conducted.
THE INOCULATION OF SOIL FOR
The fact has been observed re
pefatedly that in certain areas clover
and other legumes will not grow suc
cessfully. The seed will germinate
and will probably live for a time; af
ter a while it may die. If it does not.
the growth is apt to be spindly and un
healthy. It is now known that this is
owing to the fact that the necessary
bacteria are not present in the soil.
It has also been ascertained that if
these are introduced these crops can
subsequently be grown with mure or
less success, according to the adapta
tion of the respective soils.
"Oh. It's good to lx allvt
When the orchard hirils an
And from every busy liive
Ha-k and forth I lie bees are
Not to gain a worldly treasure.
Not to prosper or to thrive:
Just to take a breath of leisure,
And be glad to be alive."
THE JAPANESE WALNUTS.
It has now been about twenty years
since the Japanese walnuts have been
grown to some extent in America, and
within the last ten years they have
been tested quite generally over the
country. In all parts, except where
the winter is very severe, they have
proved hardy. They bear abundantly
anu begin at an early age. The trees
make rapid growth, have a very state
ly and pleasing in habit and the foliage
is large and beautiful. As lawn or
shade trees they do very well and are
somewhat better in this respect than
our native walnuts, the foliage being
larger and somewhat more dense.
The Palace of Horticulture at the
World's Fair is finished. It is the
largest building ever erected at any
exposition for the reception of fruits
and flowers. The plans of exhibitors
are sufficiently advanced to warrant
the assertion that the displays will he
far more attractive and complete than
were ever assembled at any World's
STACK THE GRAIN.
"Judging from the past, in most
cases, in this vicinity, if one has his
choice, it will pay much better to
stack the grain than to thresh from
the shock. It saves one-half the
work, time and money in the hottest.
busiest part of the season.
One can stack with a much smaller
force than is needed in threshing
from the shock; can largely do the
work with his own hands and teams
a decided gain when help is scarce
and high priced. As a rule, grain
keeps much better in stack, comes out
heavier, brighter in color and usually
sells for a better price because safer
to keep in large quantities.
Berberis thunbergi is one of the
most useful shrubs a landscape artist
can have. In winter its berries are
attractive; in spring the leaves are a
brighth green, and the younger ends
are usually a lighter color than the
older branches. The coloring In au
tumn is exquisite. It never grows
high, is well adapted for border or
edging and does well on terraces to
edge a stairway.
HINTS TO FARMERS.
Some of the small wastes that eat
up the profits oa a farm are:
The keeping of inferior stock of any
kind. Good blood should be used ia
all the breeding males of every kind.
lIt never pays to breed scrub-blood. It
is the product of neglect
Sell off the unprofitable cows. It
costs no more to keep a twelvequart
cow than a four-quart.
Sell off the old hens. A- pullet will
lay 150 eggs in a year, and eat more
than a three-year-old hen that" will
piobably not lay 75 eggs.
Neglecting the fruit trees by not
giving cultivation, spraying. - fertiliz
ing, pruning properly, and cutting out
Feeding all kinds of feed, especially
to young animals. Give the young
animals plenty of the blood-and-bone-making
Don't give the milk cows the feed
that suits the fattening steer. Feed a
It pays to use the best seed of all
Growing a small crop of grass on
naturally good grass lands that could
be made tc produce immense crops.
Neglect to study the soil aad leara
what its capabilities are.
Leaving for the crowded spring
work that can be done as well la fall T
Neglecting to take one or more good
farm papers or to obtain the govern-,
ment bulletins, and so not learning
the latest approved methods of farm-''
ing. how best to avoid or to get rid
of particular diseases, insect pests,
Grass cannot always take the place
of corn and corn cannot take the
place of grass, but there can be a
o:iibinatiun of both, so as to be a
great aid in the production of live
block. When the price of corn was
at fifteen cents, the corn was scooped
to hogs; now that it is high it is
"fed to them." Corn and grass are a
peed combination when properly ad
To eradicate, plow immediately af
ter harvest, but not more than four
or five inches deep, as the rootlets
usually are near the surface. When
the weather is dry use harrow and
sulky horse-rake to rake them into
rows, where they can be burned when
dry. A spring tooth cultivator is a
good implement to use as soon as the
roots are reduced so that it can be
raked up without blocking np. This
implement is very effective ia draw
ing the roots of the couch grass to
the surface. If this is followed the
next year with a well worked corn or
root crop there will be very little trou
ble for some time. '
One advantage with a good system
of rotation of crops is that it la a
measure at least baffles the root ene
mies, both insect and fungus, that
prey upon them. Each plant has its
own peculiar enemies, and the chang
ing of plants removes them to fields
unoccupied by such enemies. This
is true of the enemies of the above
ground growth of plants to an import
THE CARE OF ROSES.
After the season of blooming Is past
the rose plants require but little care.
TLey have labored and earned their
rest. However, any seed vessels
should be carefully picked off. So
long as the plants are in bloom, wat
er must be given freely, afterward the
stirring of the surface of the ground,
so as to keep it always loose and free
from weeds, will be the sum total of
the cultural requirements. If mildew
has injured the foliage, the bushes
should be sprayed with a mixture of
kerosene and water, or. better still, a
solution that does not have free al
kali: this is also effectual against la
sects, and will keep the foliage .
"We are inclined to think that the
high price of beef during the past'
two years has had as much to do"
with curtailing the dairy interests la
the state of Iowa as aay other thing. ;
It is so much lesc trouble to - pro-
(luce the beef than the butter' that..
when profits are about even. men"
very naturally quit milking cows." .';
RANGE OF HONEY GATHERING.
The question of how far bees-gov". rl-,
to seek honey, or rather, nectar -.to ...;- ;"
make honey from, has been much die-"-. -..;.
cussed. There are reports of Italian "-.-"-bees
having been seen eight miles. :"'.v;
lrom the nearest hive of that breed. J -v"
out we doubt if they often go half that - "f
distance, and we also doubt if they.
can store much surplus honey.- if ..: .
obliged to go more than two' miles: If-"..
we had an apiary and there was a ...-.-;-frA)d
upply of honey-producing plants -"-" ;"'
three miles away and but little nearer- ',':'j
we think we would move the bees to-, '-;-"--"-.
the plants or try to grow plants near-."."-?-:
er to the bees, if we hoped to -'get - ;.:""'.-;
any profit from them. Ex. .- "..
Peonies grow in all kinds Of soil,
but do best in a deep. rich, rather
moist loam. A clay subsoil, if well
drained, is very beneficial- -when' .
blooms are desired, but the tubers
ramify more in lighter soil if growa'
for propagating purposes.
READ YOUR FARM.
Be able to "read" your farm. Leara
its different soils, its suhterraat
water levels, veins and storages.
too-wet spores and its chemical
up. Learn every tree, shra 'viae.
weed and seed found upon it. Leara
its peculiarities, its capabilities, its
individualities. Having learned this
much you will be in a position to
plow. sow. plant, till, mulch, rotate
and fertilize with a sure touch, aad to
draw with profit oa your resoarcea
stored in your soil. You already knew
these things, eh? Then Solossoa
should no longer hold the throne aa
"the wisest man." Yoa should eae
A wife who hangs her aew dream
on the floor is worse thaa a
on the house.
. M s
- . -t
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